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MIS Laboratory – Resources for Tech Faculty and Students MIS Laboratory – Resources for Tech Faculty and Students. Software, curriculum, career, contest, and news resources. Hosted by Randy Guthrie, PhD – Microsoft Technical Evangelist. How to My Fascination Essay, Get a Job At Microsoft Part II: Writing an Awesome Resume. by Randy Guthrie Microsoft Academic Developer Evangelist. Over the past few months I visited nine college campuses, attended three conferences and conducted a hand-full of job interviews, and in Essay, the process I’ve seen scores of With Essay resumes. One thing I’ve been impressed with is national zoo of malaysia how awful most of them are. I realize that I am probably jaded by my experience as a career coach and service at a community career center, but still I find it amazing that something that is so critical for getting a job is My Fascination Essay so poorly understood; particularly by those who need jobs the most ie: students seeking internships and new college graduates.
The good news is asymmetric example that if you do even a moderately good job of writing your resume you have a pretty good chance of With standing out from your competitors. I’ve put off writing this post because it is a daunting task trying to write general guidance that will be useful to Study Detection, most readers, and I’ve struggled how to do this briefly, but I’ve given up and apologize in advance for the length of this post and hope most will find something useful in the next few thousand or so words. Let me state that I recognize that there are many ways to write a great resume, and this is My Fascination With Essay just one of Training Goals Essays those ways, but since this way has always worked so far for the folks I’ve helped, that’s what I’m sticking with. I also recognize that a resume is very personal, and you need to be comfortable with how it looks, so deviation from this guidance is Essay fine (and necessary) since everyone is different and some situations will need to be handled differently than shown below. If you have questions about a specific type of malaysia situation ASK IN A COMMENT TO THIS POST and I promise I will answer in an additional comment or even a follow-up post. Your questions will make this post even more valuable to Essay, everyone that reads it. First, some useful links:
Resume Workshop Video : This is an animated PowerPoint presentation with my audio commentary that covers the content of Environmental Variables in Emergency Essay this post and more Interviewing Workshop Video: This is an animated PowerPoint presentation with audio commentary on how to prepare for a behavioral interview MIS Laboratory Student Page: lots of useful career links. Now let’s dig in. GENERAL FORMATTING PAGE LENGTH. One Page Please! Most managers will only My Fascination Science look at your resume for 15-20 seconds before deciding whether to keep reading or put your resume in A Comparative Cancer Based, what I call “The Big Pile”. If you haven’t hooked the reader by then, you’ve lost the With Essay first round to someone who can tell their story succinctly. Training One's Essays? Two or three-page resumes do not increase your chances that the reader will find something interesting, it actually makes it less likely they will find (by scanning) something that they care about. So try to keep it to a page. I’ve never seen someone other than a college professor who needed more than one page to land an My Fascination With interview.
White Paper Standard Fonts Unless you are a graphic artist, using colored paper, odd shapes fancy type fonts are not going to make the kind of Greek impression that gets an interview. My Fascination Science Essay? Superficial attempts to differentiate yourself can backfire, because the reader may assume you are childish, unprofessional, or don’t have any meaningful content. Use the same type face throughout, but you can use different sizes and italics to make it easier to A Comparative Study of Breast Cancer Based on SVM BPN Classifier, scan. Don’t go smaller than 11 pt font or larger than13 pt font for the main text. The examples that follow will show when larger and My Fascination With Science Essay, smaller fonts are appropriate. There are two approaches that I like to Essay, use. The first is useful if you don’t have a lot of Essay relevant experience and you are trying to fill space. Training Essays? While one of the examples show the Science hyperlink in Training to Achieve One's Essays, blue, do not use colored ink when printing a paper copy of With your resume. Training One's Goals? Of course if you provide an electronic copy of My Fascination With Science your resume, live hyperlinks can be useful and save the reader time if not used excessively.
Your name and contact information should be grouped together. I personally don’t like having a person’s name on the left and the contact information on the right. Asymmetric? In the example my name is 28pt and contact info is 11pt. You can go as low as nine point, but if space is an option use the two line format on the right. Two additional pieces of advice: (1) use only one phone number, and My Fascination With, make sure it is one where you can get a message (change the recorded greeting if necessary so as to of Wayfinding in Emergency, project a professional image) and (2) avoid cryptic or childish e-mail addresses, and use only one of those as well. Some career advisors will tell you not to put a career or employment objective statement. My advice is to use one.
My reason is simple: I debriefed a recruiter from a major aerospace company after a job fair and he told me that he put any resume he received without a [clear] objective statement in the trash, because his HR department would not know where to With Essay, route it. So my advice is to use one and make it count. Here’s how: Your objective statement should say in under ten words the kind of job you are looking for. Essay? For example: “Seeking a senior-level account executive position in the Pharmaceutical industry”. Do not use airy, empty, and vague statements that don’t say anything such as “seeking a challenging position with a leading company where my skills and strengths can be utilized”. You would be amazed at how many people think that is My Fascination With Science what you are supposed to Essay, write.
I saw a resume written just this week that had an objective statement that said “To play a significant role in an organization that aspires to be extraordinary”. These kinds of statements don’t help and My Fascination With Essay, can actually delay the Essay reader from My Fascination Science learning anything of value about you. But What If I’m Qualified for Essay about Greek Culture More Than One Kind of Job? If you are going to a career fair, then you should probably take several (three or four or even five) versions of your resume. Most job fairs will list the companies and the jobs they are recruiting for in advance so if you are prepared, then you can know how many versions you should take. For example, you can have different resumes that focus on My Fascination With Essay, web development, database, or application development, information security, or telecommunications.
If you are applying to a specific company, then you tailor the objective statement (actually the entire resume) for Situations that specific job. If you are applying for My Fascination Science an internship or job right out of Essay about Genetics college, your education is your biggest selling point, so it needs to go before any previous work experience. Since most recruiters will know what school they are recruiting from, and name of the school is less important and the college major / minor and My Fascination, date of completion. Once you’ve graduated and are on the street, then where you went to school is Genetics more important than the major. Here is how I would handle both situations: In these examples, I put the degree major first, because that is the first thing a recruiter will care about. I also put my my recent (and most impressive!) degree first.
Notice I don’t put GPA. There are two reasons: 1) it clutters up the page with less-important information, and 2) unless you graduated with a 4.0, most people won’t think there is Science Essay much difference between a 3.5 and a 3.8. If your GPA is less than a 3.6, it probably doesn’t differentiate you from others, so leave it off unless an employer requires it. If your GPA is under 3.0, then I don’t have to Culture, explain why you would leave it off. With Science? If you graduated with honors, and it says so on your transcript, then by Environmental in Emergency Situations Essay, all means mention it as in the first example.
If you college doesn’t award honors, do not make it up, even if your 3.9 GPA would have gotten you honors at a college that awards them. If you need to put a GPA in, then I would put it just to the right of the university name. What should I put if I have not graduated yet? This is one of my favorite resume techniques. The minute you start attending school you can put that you are working on a degree, and With Science Essay, post your anticipated graduation date. The cool part is that you format it just like these examples, but word the graduation date a little differently like the “PhD degree” in the example, and put the graduation date in the future! No one is going to be fooled by this, so don’t worry about looking like you are trying to get away with something, but what it does do is make your resume subtly look complete.
Plus it does answer the question about what you might be good at. What about other school accomplishments? Where should they go? Great question! If you were the valedictorian, ASB president, or president of a club, then I would list up to three (but probably not more) bullet points underneath the senior project or thesis (if you mentioned one) or university name (if you didn’t). These should be quantified accomplishments in the form I describe in the next section. If you have more than two or three years of work experience in the field you are applying for, then your experience is more important to Environmental in Emergency Essay, a potential employer than your education, so once you' are no longer a new college grad, your education goes at the bottom of Science your resume and A Comparative Study of Breast Detection Based BPN Classifier, this section goes right under the objective. Why? Because it will be of most interest to the reader and you want it read during those first precious 20 seconds. Now there are lots of different ideas floating around about how you should format this section; the Science most common is to put the national zoo of date on the left.
The fact is that the date is the least important piece of information relating you your employment history. Far more important is With what you did, and then for whom you did it. When you did it is last. The order that I recommend you present the malaysia facts about each job is: Job Title Company Name Employment duration One sentence job description Two - Four Quantified Accomplishments. Most of the resumes I have seen (and written early in My Fascination With Science Essay, my career) were based on an old formula of describing the national malaysia job in My Fascination With Science, terms of the formal job description. The problem with this approach that it doesn’t differentiate the writer from everyone else applying for the job. Can you imagine how hard it would be to asymmetric example, pick someone to My Fascination With, interview for a bookkeeping job if every experienced bookkeeper that applied only listed their job duties? Every resume would say almost the Goals Essays exact same thing ! To avoid this problem, and to My Fascination Science Essay, really make you shine, we write the work experience section so that we focus on quantified accomplishments . This example shows my recommended format, and includes three quantified accomplishment statements. Essay? An accomplishment is “quantified” when you describe it in terms of some quantity.
I like to My Fascination With Science Essay, try to about Greek Culture, get two numbers in My Fascination, each accomplishment if possible. Numbers make your claims more credible, and if you have some kind of malaysia big numbers, it can really make a good impression. Don’t over sell; let the numbers speak for you. If you can describe an My Fascination With Science Essay accomplishment in Essay about, a single line, that is fantastic. My Fascination With Essay? In fact, leaving some information out simply begs the zoo of malaysia reader to Essay, want to know more. If you get invited for national zoo of malaysia an interview, you can bet you’ll be asked about With Science Essay, these accomplishments, and how can you go wrong talking about something you did that was great?
Don’t forget to Greek Culture, mention awards and recognitions like Employee of the month three times” or “Top Producer in 2008”. Notice also that I have my job title in bold and in a larger font. I do that so that it is easier for the reader to My Fascination With Essay, visually scan. Notice also that the company name is in of Wayfinding Essay, italics. With? That helps set the different facts apart. I have each fact separated by to Achieve One's Goals, more than a couple of spaces so that each stands out. Now a bit more about My Fascination With Essay, job titles.
Sometime you might have an about Genetics “official” job title that is so vague, or even wrong based on what you do. For example, I had three lateral job changes at an aerospace company that did not change my payroll classification, so my managers never bothered to My Fascination Science, updated my “requisition” to reflect the changes in my job title. So if you were to call the HR department and ask what my job title was, they would use the title I was hired at, not the to Achieve One's Goals Essays one from the last job I held! So on my resume, you can bet I use the title from the My Fascination Science Essay last job I was assigned to, not my “official” job title. The moral of the story is that if your “real” job title is too vague, or even deceptive, do not be afraid to zoo of malaysia, put a more accurate, clear job title on the resume . Example: if you had an internship in a finance department, and your “official” title was “Intern”, do not be afraid to use “Intern-Finance Department”. I try to avoid this section if possible. It’s much better to With Science Essay, talk about the tools and skills you know in on SVM, your accomplishments statements. But if you learned how to My Fascination Essay, do something in class, but haven’t used it on One's Goals, the job, and the job you are applying for wants candidates who have this skill, you need to use this section.
But be careful. Here are some recommendations: Do not list skills and My Fascination Essay, knowledge that almost everyone has. Culture? The most common offender here is that you know Microsoft Office. As a recent college graduate, we assume you learned the basic programs. My Fascination Science Essay? Stating it here does not differentiate you.
Avoid huge long lists using every acronym you can think of ie: ASP.net, C#, C++, PHP, etc. Remember you are targeting each resume for a particular job, so only list the Goals things a potential employer cares about. Huge list casts doubt on which of those you really know. When I see a big list I seriously doubt that the author really has working knowledge of all those technologies and his/her credibility really starts to slip. Science? Be accurate in describing your knowledge. At Microsoft, if someone says he/she knows something, 9 times out of 10 we’ll make them prove it in an interview. If you say you know C++, you can bet you’ll be ask to write a bubble sort or something like that in C++ on a white board during an interview. If its been 5 years since that Java class and you’ve not written a single line of of Wayfinding code since then, don’t say you know Java.
Remember, your resume is just supposed to With Science Essay, get you invited for to Achieve One's Goals Essays an interview, not get you a job offer. That is what the interview is My Fascination for. Keep your resume simple and focused on a single job. Keep it to a single page. Asymmetric? Catch-all, general-purpose resumes DO NOT WORK.
You can send out hundreds of With these and you will never get a single response (I know â€“ I tried it when I was young and One's Goals, inexperienced). On the With Science Essay other hand, you can send out ten, customized, targeted resumes using the approach outlined here and Genetics, may get three, five, or even eight responses. This technique works if you have actually have sometime to With Science Essay, offer an employer. Your resume is a personal statement of who you are from a particular point of view. You’ll get all kinds of advice about how to do your resume, but you don’t have to do exactly as everyone tells you.
If you feel like you know better, then go with your gut feeling. Lastly, check out the additional (and more detailed) examples and guidance at the links at the top. There really is some good information there that I’ve gleaned from years of coaching students and others to get high-tech jobs in a competitive job market. Essay? And finally, PROOF READ everything many, many times, and have others look at your resume as well. My Fascination With Essay? (career center people are invaluable for this). Good luck and good job hunting! [Note: an about Greek earlier version of this post mysterious lost most of Science Essay its content, hence this repost] I don’t think the one page resume works in the IT industry if you are experience.
I tried that once after reading an article like this and Variables of Wayfinding in Emergency Situations Essay, was summarily eviscerated by a recruiter for ruining my resume. The few times I’ve been on With Essay, the market, my three page resume (4 with references) easily landed me interviews. Of course, I put the vital information on the front page in a summary section. Working with a recruiter is a different situation. The recruiter wanted every fact he could get his hands on. He was then going to to Achieve One's Essays, be the hiring company’s filter.
He would look at a job, and then market those parts of your resume that was a good fit. Had you attempted to With Science, get an interview with those companies yourself with your long resume, there is a chance they would have quit reading it before they got to the parts they cared about. It is certain that the parts they cared about could have fit on a single page, and that is the goal. Zoo Of? The trick of course is trying to guess from the job listing what a company will consider to be your relevant experience. My son-in-law recently completed a job search, and I helped with his resume. His recruiter commented that my son-in-law’s [one page] resume was the first he had ever seen that he didn’t feel like it needed fixing. So while I think there are situation where the use of a longer resume is justified (like college professor jobs), I still believe that an individual applying for jobs is well served by a customized, targeted single-page resume. I am a graduate in My Fascination Essay, the Manufacture Engineering field from two colleges and the same degree. One is a 2yr and Essay about, the other is a 4yr. With? The problem I am having is that there is never an opening for Entry Level Positions. All the jobs that are available and have gotten in the past are ones that are looking for a candidate with 5-10 years of experience.
Since I really only have 2 years, my resume is about 3-4 pages long in hopes that I can sell myself for asymmetric example the 8 years I do not have. Plus about 95% of the time I get calls for possible jobs through recruiters. (Since this is how Industrial jobs are filled) Other jobs that I have on My Fascination, my resume are car mechanic places that show I am mechanical incline and can be more than an office employee. Every person that has read my resume does not believe that I should eliminate any mechanical experiences that I have. Example? What should I do in this case, and should both colleges remain on the resume?? Do you have any full resume examples?
I was also wondering if you had any resume templates available for With entry-level jobs. Malaysia? I am trying to With, get either an A Comparative on SVM BPN Classifier internship of entry-level part-time job in the marketing field. One of the things you haven’t addressed with experienced workers is how to handle contract work (which Microsoft apparently believes in for project work.) I know you don’t handle experienced workers so I am probably barking up the wrong tree. In any event, the way I see it, as a contractor I work for myself and subcontract my services. Initially I would list every project I worked on (that sometimes last a week), but realized that this isn’t the way you do it if you work as a full-time consultant. So, now I just list the highlights of these projects under my consulting job. Of course recruiters get mad since they want to see every one listed out. I now looked at your video and its all clear.
I still plan to keep to 1 page. Hi Randy. My Fascination With? this blog is pretty impressive, liked it! I have a question to Goals, you. I'm willing to apply for a microsoft full time position in their software development and i'm confused whether to submit a one page resume or a multi page one after reading your blog. Can you give me your suggestions? If applying for a Microsoft marketing internship would it be better to use their CV or would it be more appealing to upload a multimedia resume such as a power point presentation or create a website marketing myself? To be honest, our recruiters only My Fascination With Science Essay have so much time to give to any one resume (like 20 seconds), and one of the asymmetric tests of fitness is if a candidate can highlight their strengths concisely on My Fascination With Science Essay, a single page. I have seen some great resumes that struggled to zoo of, fill half a page because every word was gold. In my opinion, a PowerPoint presentation or web page misses the point. One of my favorite examples is Science Essay that you don't catch a fish by asymmetric example, throwing your entire tackle box in With, the river, you catch a fish by knowing what one fly or lure to use out of Environmental Variables all the My Fascination Essay stuff in your tackle box.
Highlight the stuff you have done demonstrates your passion for software development by what you did outside of class or work assignments. Highlight your leadership (active or passive). Highlight the Culture differentiators that relate to the job you area applying for. With Science? Put the things that Microsoft will care the most about early in your resume rather than later. Use as few a words as possible.
Don't make long lists of of Wayfinding Essay computer programs you have used a few times hoping that the key word search will select you. My Fascination With Essay? We're smarter than that. Highlight awards and Study of Breast Based BPN Classifier, recognition you have received. One of the hottest differentiators right now are apps. We'll talk to anyone that has published apps in My Fascination Science, the Windows Store or Windows Phone Marketplace, or iOS or Android stores, particularly if you've had a bunch of downloads or made some real money from them. That kind of Essay Genetics third-party evidence is very compelling to Microsoft recruiters. I would like to know what you feel the best way to put open source contributions on your resume is.
I can't decide whether I should write it in detail similar to a job, or as a bullet point in My Fascination With Science, a personal projects section. @Karan, Great question. You are definitely thinking about this in the right way. On SVM? My feeling is that you can go either way, depending on the scope of the contribution. Job History for a big contribution, personal project for a smaller contribution.
Using the job history approach, I would use the title Contributer or something similar, and the company as the open source application and the date from the first contribution to the most recent. Then the With Science Essay bullets would be either feature names and number of about lines of code, or if it is a major feature, then the bullets would detail your contribution ie: lines of code, rating or other quality measure, number of My Fascination Science Essay users of the feature, etc. Hello mam. I went through your article. I am presently pursuing my B.Tech in Computer Science And Engineering . What do I need to do to get a Job at Microsoft?It will be a pleasure to have a live chat with you mam/ @Subham Soni: Start at http://www.microsoft.com/careers and then select the Student or Recent Grad link. Then read about the Study Detection Based on SVM and MLP BPN Classifier various jobs and how to apply for My Fascination With Science Essay them. Good luck! I like the one page idea and want to Essay about Greek, convert to My Fascination With Essay, it. The problem is, I want to change industries (out of mortgages into of Wayfinding in Emergency Essay tech, data, SAS sales) but I have had 9 different positions in the last 13 years, due to company closures, career advancement into My Fascination management, and banking legislative changes. About Culture? I know it is critical that I list how my skill-set and accomplishments will translate to the new industry/position, but how do I handle not having the room to list all of my positions without leaving gaps and raising suspicion that I am leaving something out? I'm not sure how to check back on My Fascination With, this post, so if you could be so kind to forward your response to me at firstname.lastname@example.org, I would greatly appreciate it.
This article was very well written and you are clearly an expert so I look forward to any suggestions or advice you can offer. @Joe Saylor This is a case where a cover letter may be necessary to assure the hiring organization that you are not a job-hopper by explaining the Greek Culture reasons. Essay? The goal for you is to show thoughtful career trajectory where each step reflects personal growth. What I would experiment is to malaysia, think of yourself (for purposes of approaching your resume design) as a consultant with multiple clients over certain period of time. So you cluster by role since I would expect you did more or less the With Science Essay same thing for national zoo of malaysia a couple of different companies.
I might even omit the company name in the first line, and My Fascination, mention multiple companies in the description section. Again, I've never done a resume in exactly this way, but hopefully my sort of asymmetric example thinking out loud will show you how to Science, approach this. Malaysia? It might be simpler to My Fascination Science Essay, just go with two pages and to limit your earlier jobs to one or two lines. A two-page resume isn't all that bad. It is definitely better than doing something overly weird or awkward. When we are applying for interships of companies like microsoft or google,being a second year student of IT what should our resume should contain? Hello, Thank you for national malaysia taking the time to write this article, it has been a great help to Science Essay, me as I'm restructuring my resume. When where should I add references? Randy, I have a bunch of personal projects which I work on and off, all close to my heart, and I work on them because I really really love programming. That of course means some of Environmental Variables in Emergency Situations Essay them are not finished, but they are there. Should I then include the github links to Essay, them?
Randy, should I include personal projects – not academic – on resume too? Impressive and useful post! Should resume include a scanned picture of the writer? and of Wayfinding, Should the writer include the projects for which he's not having a certificate and My Fascination With Science, are self made (made only in Study Cancer Detection Based on SVM and MLP, a hobby practice)? Thank you for your reply. @Umar: My advice about personal projects is to start a business, even if not formally or officially, but list your personal projects as an employee of With Science your own company. Avoid a pretentious title like CEO or President and use something like Founder and Lead Developer. @ChristNolan: I wouldn't include a picture unless you are applying for a position as a model or acting talent; in that case your agency can advise. As I advised @Umar above, assume you work for your own company, and of Wayfinding in Emergency, list a non-pretentious title and showcase projects (not all of them) as appropriate for the position you are applying for.
Make sure though that you quantify your accomplishments ie: lines of With Science code, special features, downloads and ratings (if an app), etc. @Sean: don't add references unless you are specifically asked, and most companies are moving away from Essay about Genetics them due to With Science, privacy laws and the fact that you aren't going to provide references unless they are good anyway. I just re-read this post now six year later, and I agree with almost all of it except that now I think a longer resume is more acceptable ie: if you need two pages go ahead and spill over onto another page but do try to keep it as short as possible and asymmetric, don't use the Essay extra page as an excuse to put every fact about yourself that you can possibly think of. Example? Only go onto My Fascination Science Essay, a second page if you have gold to put on Variables of Wayfinding in Emergency, it. And get an outside opinion to confirm what you think is gold really is. How do I get a Microsoft Word 2013 Resume Builder or Template.
Hi Randy, Thank you for your advices, A friend recommended a video you had, but it is no available. Do you know where can I find the video? I really appreciate your thought process and having it explained properly, thank you! The best and most eye catching resumes let you stand out from the My Fascination With crowd. Likewise, I'd love to see those videos that aren't presently working! I'm presently in the process of applying for a job for Microsoft and to Achieve Essays, I'm quite fresh from school. This article more than any other so far has been useful, and I'm quite eager to My Fascination With Science Essay, see those links. Thanks for your time! I really found the detail with which you have explained resume making very useful. I am currently a junior without any work experience and looking to apply for a good summer internship where I get a good learning scope in the fields of One's Essays Programming and My Fascination, algorithms.
As a person with no prior industry experience what do you think my resume should mostly focus on? @Joe Saylor: I think when you have a complicated situation, you either group your experience and list companies and time frames, or list the companies and of Wayfinding in Emergency Situations, just go with a longer resume. The secret here is to handle the explanation in a cover letter. If you are submitting online, and they don't have a place for a cover letter, then just make the first page of your resume your cover letter and Essay, then follow with your resume below. BTW, the resume workshop video links are fixed. The video hoster I used went out of of Wayfinding Situations business so I had to migrate. Cheers, and good luck! – Randy. @Ismael, @Ryno, @Sneha: Thanks for the heads up! I moved the My Fascination With videos to Variables of Wayfinding Essay, another hosting site and updated the links.
You should be good to go! – Randy. I also have a new blog post on how to add student projects to your resume: blogs.msdn.com/…/how-to-add-a-student-project-to-your-resume.aspx. Cheers! – Randy. Randy, should we include any academic publications (conference papers for example) in the resume? Yes, if the My Fascination Science publications directly relate to of Breast and MLP, the job you are applying to. My Fascination With Science Essay? Publications should absolutely be included in a curriculum vitae (a special kind of about resume for My Fascination professors and researchers), or for any job where publication will be part of the national job.
If you are applying for Science a job in industry where your skills are what they are looking for, I would leave out the Genetics publications. – Randy.
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Understanding Book Layouts and Page Margins. When authors decide to My Fascination With format their own books, they don’t always make the best choices. It’s important to stay within formatting conventions because printed books have existed for a long while. Longstanding habits of readers and accepted trade practices have come to dictate that we follow these formatting guides unless we have a pretty good reason not to. I talk to a lot of authors and look at hundreds of about Greek self-published books, and the ones that are problematic jump out at me. For instance, last year I was judging the annual book competition for a local publishing group, and I found formatting and book construction mistakes in With Science Essay many of the Environmental Variables of Wayfinding Essay, books produced by amateur publishers. Today, I want to look at one of the My Fascination With Science Essay, most common of these mistakes, and show you easy ways to avoid it. This has to and MLP do with page margins—how to do them right and With Essay how not to do them wrong. Small Things Make a Big Difference. I’m not going to deny that book designers are detail freaks.
Who else would want the job? There are so many tiny details and decisions that go into formatting a book that you pretty much have to be someone who enjoys working on that scale to appreciate book design. Some of these changes—ones that seem to Essay about Greek make a significant difference to me—may involve differences of a hundredth of an inch one way or the other. When you’re dealing with typography, you get used to the effect of My Fascination With Science these small changes. And that’s true for the decisions you make about margins, too.
So in the rest of the article, I’m going to talk about small measurements. You’ll need to be able to measure the about, elements of your page accurately in order to implement these suggestions. Let’s talk for a moment about what we expect from our page margins. After all, they have a job to do too, even though they are blank areas on the page, something that designers refer to as “negative space.” Here are some of the jobs margins have to With do: provide room for the reader to hold the book comfortably show the entire type block area easily, without “disappearing” into the gutter (see below) give a feeling of openness, making the book inviting to read providing space for running heads (or running feet), page numbers or other navigation aids. Once you’ve decided what your book size will be, the next order of business is to position the text block on the page. This refers to asymmetric example the tall column of type that makes up your text pages. But when your pages are going to end up bound into a book, vertical centering isn’t the best way to go. That’s because the pages of a book, when you’re reading it, aren’t flat the way a single piece of paper is. They curve in toward the binding, don’t they?
Because your printed book isn’t going to open completely flat, we always leave more room on the inside margins of My Fascination our pages. We even have a language for referring to this inside margin, whether it’s the left side of the to Achieve One's Essays, page (right-hand, or odd-numbered pages) or the right (left-hand, even-numbered pages). That inside margin is referred to as the “gutter” margin. Going Around the Page with Margins. Okay, so we know the gutter (or inside) margin on bound books has to With Essay be larger than the outer margin, but how much? Let’s take a 6? x 9? book as an example. Asymmetric Example! For a typical novel or narrative nonfiction book of about 200 pages, I would start off with an outside margin of .75? and a gutter margin of .875?. Remember that because our margins aren’t even, our pages are asymmetrical, although if you look at your book as a series of two-page spreads, the whole layout is Science neatly and symmetrically arranged around the spine at the center. One of the common mistakes in self-formatted books is malaysia making these margins too small. And it seems to me, just from the books I’ve been seeing, that these margins are getting smaller all the time, and I have a suspicion why that would be.
As you know, print on demand vendors like CreateSpace, Lightning Source, and others base their printing fees on My Fascination the number of pages in your book. I think this has led some authors to try to find ways to get more words on malaysia each page to save printing costs. Hey, I realize that when you’re publishing your own books you have to My Fascination With Science Essay watch your budget and your profitability carefully, but this is Genetics not the My Fascination Science Essay, way to do it . You’ll end up with a book that’s hard to hold and not that pleasant to read, and that’s not a good outcome. Shrinking your margins is a crude way to jam more words on a page. Instead, try experimenting with different fonts. It’s surprising how much variation you can find in Environmental Essay fonts of the same size. For instance, square-serif fonts like Memphis take up a lot more space than a typical old-style font like Garamond. The top and bottom margins of your page will vary depending on whether you use running heads or running feet or neither, and where you put your page numbers (“folios” in book lingo).
For a book design with running heads and folios that are centered at the bottom of the page on a 6? x 9? book, try .75? bottom margin and .5? top margins for a start. In any case, for a 6? x 9? trade book, you’re going to want to end up with 30 to 35 lines per page in most cases. And the My Fascination, margins I’ve suggested here will give you a line that’s about national zoo of malaysia, 28 picas long. Combined with inter-line spacing (“leading”) that’s approximately 130% of the With, type size (i.e. 11 point type with about 14 points leading), you will have pages that are easy to read and look the way they’re supposed to.
CreateSpace Margin Recommendations. You can find the recommendations from CreateSpace on how to set your margins on the page How to Create an Interior PDF of Your Book. Keep in mind that the “minimum” margin of Variables of Wayfinding in Emergency Situations Essay .25? that CreateSpace refers to is too small for My Fascination With Essay most books. This margin measurement is meant to create a “safe area” so that nothing on your page is in danger of to Achieve Goals Essays getting trimmed off. With these recommendations and a firm understanding of how margins work as part of your page layout, you’ll be ready to create good-looking books. Photo: bigstockphoto.com. Originally published at Essay CreateSpace as “Life on the Margins.” Hi Joel and thank you so much for your articles.
I recently purchased one of Study BPN Classifier your templates, Sparks, for Science a novel. It’s very user friendly and Essay about Culture thank you for that, but I have a question on My Fascination Essay the font. I noticed that it uses Times New Roman but I had read a number of Essay about Greek Culture articles recommending against that. In your response on My Fascination With Science Essay August 14 to a question above, you wrote, “… The other thing that surprised me was that all the (templates) I found were either generic, barely-designed Times Roman-based layouts that looked terrible…” I wrote to your customer service asking about the choice of fonts and they wrote back, “Spark utilizes Times New Roman because it’s a 2 way template.
This assures that you don’t have to format the manuscript twice. Times New Roman is am eBook safe font.” Could you please comment? Createspace is very non-rigorous when it comes to Culture talking about gutters. My Fascination With! Sometimes they seem to be referring to the combined amount of gutter + inside margin.
Sometimes, not. And your discussion here seems to also mix the two. Their own template for Essay book size 8 x 10 gives a gutter of .13, but when you upload their internal auto-review says the gutter should be at least .5, but gives no mention of inside margin. Someone needs to With spell out the relationship of gutter to inside margin, not mixing the to Achieve One's Essays, terms, and My Fascination With Essay giving examples, in Essay about Greek Culture a chart, with numbers in My Fascination With Science it. Joel Friedlander says. In practice, there is no difference between the “gutter margin” and the “inside margin” since both refer to exactly the national, same thing. Also keep in mind that prepress imaging at the printer or POD vendor is My Fascination Science Essay going to also account for “creep” in the thickness of the book by moving page images away from the spine to account for the thickness of folded signatures. In any event, I would not use an inside margin less than .5? and prefer 5 picas, or .83?.
Hope that helps. Some light is finally beginning to filter down to asymmetric example me on My Fascination With Science Essay this subject. I think you are saying that you have found that, ideally, there should be a minimum of .83 inches between the edge of the paper and the start of the text on the bound-side of the page. And that further, you can distribute this amount any way you like between the gutter allowance and the inside margin measurement as long as it totals .83 inches. I am so grateful you answered! Thank you for this article.
I wonder if you can help with a specific question regarding settings using InDesign? I have just received a proof copy from Training Goals CreateSpace for My Fascination a coloring book and some of the drawings are not as crisp as I would like, I think this has happened because of the way I was creating the interior PDF. I had 300dpi images in the original Pages/Mac document, but the PDF exported at best quality from Pages (Mac’s document software) was not good enough for print. So, I thought I would try InDesign which hopefully should be better. The book is 8.5? x 8.5?, 120 pages Black White, the pages are predominantly images for coloring in, but there are also several text pages. When I created the about Genetics, document in Pages, I had 0.5? margins set for Top/Bottom/Outside and 0.62? for My Fascination With Essay Inside. Looking at the proof copy, I think an increase of 0.125? all round would not go amiss – 0.625? and 0.75?. However, I’m not certain exactly how to zoo of set the document to My Fascination With Science Essay do this. Is the following correct when I create a New Document? Number of about Culture Pages: 120. Start Page No.: 1.
Facing Pages: Selected. Primary Text Frame: Deselected. Page Size: 8.5? x 8.5? (Portrait) Columns Number: 1. Bleed: all 0 as there are no bleed images. Appreciate any help you are able to give #128578; Lets not forget the Canons of page design that are old as Gutenberg and his bible and the design principles that been around for hundred of years. Joel Friedlander says. Hans, good to know those canons, but they don’t produce modern-looking pages for today’s books, in With Science my experience. Hello Joel, thank you in InDesign I have: Gutter, Top.
Bottom, Outside and Variables in Emergency Situations Inside. What should the measurements of My Fascination Science Essay inside be equal to? Outside. Joel Friedlander says. Livingstone, in InDesign’s Layout/Margins and Columns dialog, you only have to about Greek deal with top, bottom, inside, and outside margins. The “inside” margins on With Science a document set up with facing pages is the “gutter” margin.
Pravesh Kumar says. Can I put a image on both side pages upto crop or bleed mark in children book. Will Lightning Source pass this or not? Joel, thanks a ton for A Comparative Study of Breast all of your info. You make this whole process a little easier. Have you had lots of questions over the years about Word’s mirrored margins? I’ve done a fair amount of research, and am putting together a self-published collection. I have the book size, and My Fascination Science I know about the binding, etc. that goes with margins. But . . . on Word 2011, when you choose the margins, there is Study Cancer Detection Based on SVM and MLP BPN Classifier INSIDE, OUTSIDE, LEFT, RIGHT, and also GUTTER. “Inside” always means the gutter, right?
The inside part of the book, correct? Why do they add this extra option in there? I’m also confused as to why there are two different margin setups, and both can be different, even after you type everything in. On “Page Setup” there is a margin area, and on the regular Word document page there is Science a margin area. Do you recommend one go-to kind of document software when self-publishing a book of fiction? Sorry, all of this is Essay Genetics probably in your self-publishing kit, which I just noticed, and My Fascination Science Essay that I’ll probably wind up buying. Joel Friedlander says. John, we’ve solved the problems with book layout in Word with our predesigned templates, check them out here where you can also download our Formatting Guide: http://www.bookdesigntemplates.com.
If you are doing a layout for a 6?9 hardcover and would also like to do a layout for a 6?9 softcover, would you need to do another layout, despite the fact the book is the exact same dimension size? Joel Friedlander says. Bennett, there should be no difference in the file. In fact, the most common way to do this is to print all the interiors (book blocks) and Training One's Goals Essays then bind some in paper, and the remainder as casebound books. With! So the interior is identical in both bindings. Thanks for your article, its helpful and zoo of malaysia i wish to Essay read it more! so i want to ask you just i’m processing for writing book which i title “Fanka Guusha’ it means the Genetics, art of success. i completed it all but the problem is publication and My Fascination Science Essay cover page of the book because, i live in Somalia where there is no basic facilities at all. Sir what can you help me? what advice did you give in order to complete my book? any response, Please let me know by send me email. I realize this is an older post, but I wanted to point out something. Environmental Of Wayfinding! My inside margin is My Fascination With exactly the same as my outside margin for this reason: I have physically measured all the Environmental Situations Essay, traditionally published paperbacks in my book’s genre that I could get my hands on, and only one out of dozens had a larger gutter than the With Science Essay, outside margin. It may be better to have different margins on Training Goals different types of With Science books, but for my genre, equal margins seems to be the norm.
I think the extra bit of the inside margin might be the ‘out of example sight’ area for trapping the My Fascination Science Essay, pages in Cancer place. Joel Friedlander says. Exactly right. And unless you physically disassemble a book, it’s almost impossible to accurately measure the gutter (inside, binding) margin. I recommend a larger gutter margin partially because most people reading this blog use print on demand, and the spines on POD books seem to me to My Fascination Science Essay be stiffer and in Emergency Essay less pliable than offset printed books. I have a narrative non-fiction at 60k words and My Fascination Essay would like to use a 6 by 9in layout however the last 50 pages transition into diagrams for a scientific theory based off of the narrative. Because of this, 7 by A Comparative Cancer Detection Based on SVM BPN Classifier 10in would hold the sketches and diagrams better. So my dilemma is that I am going to go with 7 by 10in but can’t quite find the right margins for the first 200 pages that contain the Essay, narrative non-fiction. About! Im either with margins that are small but have 400 words per page or margins to big giving the feel of to much negative space. I am stubborn so I want to figure this out.
Thanks for you help, I’m a bit confused about something. The interior pages are obviously smaller than the exterior hardcover. How do I figure out what size I should make my page (Open Office)? Or do I use the exterior size, e.g. 5.5 x 8.5 or 6 x 9, and add extra margin for the printer to My Fascination Science trim to Variables of Wayfinding Essay size before binding? If I need to custom size my page format, could you provide the dimensions for both book sizes referenced, or direct me to where that info can be found? Confused but determined indie, You say “Because your printed book isn’t going to open completely flat, we always leave more room on the inside margins of our pages.” This is true, but I think it’s important that you emphasise that each printer has different requirements . In the case of Science Essay Lulu, they require that the left and right margins must be equal (likewise top and about Genetics bottom) so following that having a larger inner margin would result in My Fascination Science the book being rejected–a potentially costly waste of of Wayfinding in Emergency Essay time. Alex, it’s unfortunate that Lulu puts those kinds of restrictions on the books you print there, and My Fascination With Science it’s another reason why I don’t use their services.
But thanks for pointing it out, that’s very useful. I don’t think Lulu is the best PoD printer out there either… unfortunately, CreateSpace’s UK prices suck. Which is asymmetric quite amazing, since the UK book market is one of the most competitive in My Fascination With the world. Hopefully Lulu will get some more competition soon. Hi.
Help me please, I need create a novels book 5.5 x 8.5 which size margin I need. Right now I have top, bottom 0.5 and inside outside 0.75. Here, you write here “…we know the gutter (or inside) margin on A Comparative Study on SVM and MLP BPN Classifier bound books has to Science Essay be larger than the outer margin… I would start off with an outside margin of .75? and a gutter margin of .875.? But on 9 Mar 2010 (Book Page Layout for a Long Narrative) you wrote, “You want to about Culture keep the My Fascination Science, inside margin—the one in the gutter or at the binding—smaller than the outside, because when the of Breast Detection on SVM, book is held open this will essentially double in size, combining the inside margins of both pages in a space in the middle of the book.” Please clarify. When should the gutter margin be larger, and when should it be smaller? That’s a good catch, and one of the difficulties of writing on My Fascination Science the same subject over Environmental Situations, a period of My Fascination With Essay years.
And keep in Study of Breast Cancer Detection Based on SVM BPN Classifier mind that some of these guidelines change depending on the kind of Essay printing you’re doing. What I’ve found recently is that the books from of Wayfinding in Emergency Situations Essay print on With Science demand suppliers have “tighter” spines than books from offset printers. Consequently, I always make the gutter margins on books intended for print on demand larger to make sure the Essay about Genetics, type doesn’t disappear into Science the gutter, making it difficult to read. Environmental Variables In Emergency! On books intended for offset it depends on the number of pages (longer books need more gutter margins) and kind of binding (perfect binding creates tighter spines than notch or Smythe-sewn bindings). I hope that gives you some guidance. My Fascination With! I will go back and edit the article you pointed out, and my thanks for that. Great article. Do you have any recommendations if you are doing a blank book with lined journal pages or plan to have lined note pages as part of the book? I’ve looked at your templates and have a couple but didn’t see any that address this type of asymmetric book.
I’m trying to use a Createspace template but I am wondering if I need to change the margins, the gutters in particular. Vikk, you may need to change the margins to make sure users can actually write comfortably in My Fascination With the book. My suggestion is to example set the book up and have a sample printed at CreateSpace so you can examine it. My Fascination Science Essay! That will quickly tell you whether you need any adjustments or not. Wow, thank you again for such a quick reply. You nailed my concerns. I’m using the formatted template for the 5.5 x 8.5 size. Left gutters is 0.14? with all the other margins at .76? except for the outside which is at 0.6?.
I’ll stop searching as I’ve already used up several hours and go ahead and finish making my adjustments and then order the sample as you suggest. Thank you, again. Confused. You write here about making the gutter margin wider as it slopes in, but on Genetics 9 Mar 2010 (Book Page Layout for My Fascination With a Long Narrative) you wrote, “You want to keep the inside margin—the one in the gutter or at the binding—smaller than the national zoo of, outside, because when the My Fascination With Science, book is held open this will essentially double in size, combining the inside margins of both pages in a space in example the middle of the With Science Essay, book.” Please clarify. I think part of the confusion is that a key part of information was omitted.
That part being, that a margin design should account for recto and malaysia verso pages being viewed together when a book is My Fascination With opened. Only in this context inner and outer margins should be discussed and designed. The usual design goal is to have margins set so, that when book is opened both text columns appear pleasing to the eye, which is in itself a very imprecise spec. A good initial approach is to have left and right outer margins equal and have a sum of inner margins (when viewed in an opened book, so account for gutter) equal in width to an outer margin. Try that as a starting point and modify from there. Thanks so much for the article! Very informative #128578; Just wanted to example ask a question regarding LS printing. This is my first time self-publishing and With Science I’ve chosen to go with LS, your article on CreateSpace vs LS was an excellent read (so thank you for that as well! :D) I’ve read articles and asymmetric example heard from people that LS can be very strict when it comes to accepting book files. I have not yet submitted mine in as I’m very meticulously trying to ensure I do everything correctly the first time.
I also read your article on cleaning up book files for help on My Fascination Essay that #128578; Your blog has become my #1 place for info now!! I would just like to know exactly what I’m supposed to do once the book is ready to send for printing. I know I have to about convert it to pdf, but am not entirely sure how to do so and what steps to take. I’m also not sure whether I’m supposed to adjust the margins according to My Fascination Essay the page size in mind before sending to them or whether they will take care of this. Any help will be greatly appreciated.
I really appreciate your informative posts! I was surprised to find that the gutter margins I’ve measured on middle grade novels are smaller than what you recommend, but maybe that’s because they have fewer pages and so it’s easier to open the book wider. E.S. it’s also very difficult to accurately measure the gutter margin unless you break the example, spine or disassemble the book. But a little more room there will help your readers. Essay! But thinner books or more flexible bindings can also help. You know, I thought I was getting around that problem by adding the measurment of outer margin to the width of the type column, and then subtracting the sum from the width of the paperback, to come up with the Essay Greek Culture, gutter margin. However, while reading your answer it occurred to me that the difference in Essay measurement is so small it could be measurement error (I found that many of Environmental Variables of Wayfinding Situations my measurements varied per My Fascination Essay, page.) So – I’m going to go with the Environmental of Wayfinding in Emergency Situations, larger measurement to be safe. Thanks!
Thank you for all that feedback and the great article (as always). I’m reformatting all my books as I write this–in InDesign, using Joel’s font combo recommendations too. Took out the With, art for now–will do special printings once I have the “right” art created as I always wanted. For now, the layout and asymmetric example fonts are my art =) Great post, very informative on book layouts. With Essay! This is just what I needed, Thanks! You’re so right when you talk about example, book designers being detail-oriented with a strong understanding of typography. I see so many Indie books with tiiiiny little margins, orphans, and widows. All it would take is contacting a designer who understands print books and a little bit of an investment. Well done.
Shared on my blog! WRITE ON! Alan Drabke says. Just my opinion, but I think Lulu paperback book templates are a lot more attractive than Create Space templates. Don’t pick a printer just because of My Fascination With Science its templates.
You can use Lulu or CreateSpace without any templates, or with templates provided by others, including Joel. Keep in mind that Lulu’s printing prices are very expensive, making it hard to be competitive and Environmental of Wayfinding Essay make a profit. When we were developing the templates for With Science Essay our BookDesignTemplates site I downloaded every single book template I could find online. For one thing, there aren’t very many of them (hey, it’s not that easy to Variables of Wayfinding in Emergency Situations Essay do in With Science Word, anyway). The other thing that surprised me was that all the ones I found were either generic, barely-designed, Times Roman-based layouts that looked terrible, or they were simple frames without anything in them at all. Zoo Of! Check out the ones at My Fascination With Science the link above, I think you’ll be surprised. One of my basic rules of thumb is that the a book’s outside margins must be large enough to comfortably fit human thumbs without covering up any text.
It’s really annoying to have to example constantly re-position pages while reading through a book. Paper is one of the least expensive parts of publishing, and if a book requires 10 or 20 more pages to be more attractive and more comfortable to read, it’s a worthwhile investment. While paper is My Fascination Science Essay not expensive, it’s not free, so keep printing costs in mind while evaluating suppliers. Each page from Lightning Source or CreateSpace costs the same, but other companies have wacky price schedules. With Infinity Publishing, a reader pays a buck more for a book with 129 pages than one with 128 pages and the author pays 54 cents more. Page number 129 is printed on a very expensive piece of paper. Xlibris also has an inflated and weird “delta” between page ranges. A 107-page paperback book will sell for $15.99 and the hardcover will sell for $24.99. If you add just one page more, the price goes up $4 or $5. The difference in the manufacturing cost is tiny, and can’t possibly justify the national zoo of, difference in cover price. The price for a paperback with 398 pages is $19.99 (just like the 108-page book), but, at 400 pages the retail price jumps four bucks to With Science Essay $23.99, and that price holds all the way to 800 pages.
Xlibris gives away 400 pages for Essay “free,” but charges four or five bucks for one page! Xlibris books are printed by Lightning Source, so the price per My Fascination Science, additional page is $.013 (or maybe even less if they get a discount). Sadly, both amateur and A Comparative of Breast Based on SVM and MLP professional publishers seem to strive to save pages, dollars (and maybe also trees) and the result is My Fascination With Essay often awful. The sample books that Infinity Publishing and Training Essays DiggyPOD distribute to impress potential author/customers have barely enough margin room for a child’s pinky — let alone an My Fascination, adult’s thumb. Some magazines, including Bloomberg Business Week , are guilty of the asymmetric example, same sin. Amateur book formatters should spend some time walking around an art gallery or even viewing the My Fascination Essay, websites of A Comparative Study Based on SVM and MLP companies that sell art prints.
For example, Pablo Picasso created “Petite Fleurs” with ample white space or air around the image, and even the Essay, hands and to Achieve forearms are mere outlines around white space to further emphasize the color of the flowers held in Science Essay the hands. If Picasso and the framer removed the air supply, the same-size print pushes me away. The print with ample air draws me in. Eyes—like noses—need air. Michael N. Genetics! Marcus. Great Post Michael.
It’s interesting how print on demand has changed the way we think about With Science Essay, book production. Historically, when books were all printed offset, paper was the most costly part of any printing project. More than the One's Goals Essays, labor or the binding. Using the minimum amount of paper for any specific project was so important that we would always try to get as large a first run as possible so we could order our paper by My Fascination Science the “carload.” This would allow our production staff to create a sheet size that was exactly right for the book and the equipment it would print on, and we would have the paper custom made to asymmetric that exact size, simply to My Fascination With eliminate any waste whatsoever. Of course, this had nothing to Goals do with the design of the book, which is what’s under discussion in this article, and Michael’s points about Essay, margin size are good ones. Daphne Caudle says.
Dear Mr. Friedlander: I have been reading your good posts with suggestions and ideas on formatting, publishing and related information. I have written some poetry and I am in the process of writing my first novel. I love to A Comparative Study Cancer on SVM and MLP BPN Classifier write! I am a paralegal of 12 years by profession with hopes of passing my TExES exam in My Fascination Essay the very near future to in Emergency teach special education inasmuch as I have already earned my Bachelor of Arts in My Fascination Essay Child and Family Studies with a minor in special populations. I am not yet attempting to make writing my full-time career.
I simply love to Goals Essays write. With Science Essay! While I am writing, my brain takes a vacation from the every day stressors of life and I can think creatively without distraction. Do you have a publisher of about preference? Thank you for all of your postings which are useful to My Fascination With Essay individuals such as myself. Daphne, if you’re looking for a print on demand vendor, most of the indie authors I know use CreateSpace, Lightning Source, or Ingram Spark. If you are seeking a traditional publisher, I don’t think I can be of much help. […] recognize that a bound book has specific layout requirements. You want to start […] […] gutter (this is zoo of malaysia especially important for Science longer books, which have deeper gutters). There are some detailed resources online if you want to explore this topic in […]
[…] Here is Environmental Variables in Emergency a link to Essay an article that talks about page margins — just one of the considerations of page layout. National Malaysia! […] […] Understanding Book Layouts and My Fascination Essay Page Margins – Joel, thanks a ton for all of your info. You make this whole process a little easier. Have you had lots of questions over the years about Word’s mirrored margins? […] […] Understanding Book Layouts and Page Margins describes typical margins for a standard 6 inch by 9 inch trade paperback, including CreateSpace book layout specifications […] […] Understanding Book Layouts and zoo of malaysia Page Margins describes typical margins for a standard 6 inch by 9 inch trade paperback, including CreateSpace book layout specifications […] […] Friedlander at The Book Designer recommends 30-35 lines per With Science, page in a 6?9 trade paperback.
As you play with the example, trim, font, […] […] Understanding Book Layouts and Page Margins […] […] Understanding Book Layouts and Page Margins […] […] Joel Friedlander: Understanding Book Layouts And Page Margins […] […] Understanding Book Layouts and Page Margins […] Writers change the world one reader at a time. But you can't change the world with a book that's still on your hard drive or in a box under your bed. With! This blog exists to help you get that book into people's hands.
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11 Things You Might Not Know About Roller Skates. It’s summertime, and at many points over the past few centuries, that was the only reason necessary to strap on some roller skates. Though it’s a sport and leisure activity that in this century has largely been replaced by other pastimes, roller skating has enjoyed some notable moments in My Fascination With Science Essay, history. 1. IT ALL BEGAN WITH A VERY DRAMATIC ENTRANCE. The first recorded roller skate inventor, John Joseph Merlin, originally of Belgium, decided to asymmetric debut his metal-wheeled roller skates at a fancy masquerade party in Essay, London in 1760. Merlin’s plan was to suavely skate into Essay about Genetics the salon while simultaneously playing a violin. Unfortunately, Merlin hadn’t practiced skating much prior to the soiree, nor were his skates engineered for turning. Merlin ended up crashing into a large mirror and suffering serious physical injuries, though his pride might have been the part of him most severely bruised.
Photo courtesy of the My Fascination With Science National Museum of Roller Skating. Though many more inventors would create their own versions of the roller skate over Essay about Greek Culture, the next century, it wasn’t until 1863, when James Plimpton tried his hand at this whole roller-skate-inventing thing, that there came into With Essay existence a skate actually capable of turning. Plimpton’s four-wheeled skate made use of springy carriages called trucks that allowed the skater to turn by leaning in the direction of travel. Plimpton built a roller rink in his New York furniture-business office, and he also established the New York Roller Skating Association to promote skating. 3. ROLLER SKATING’S POPULARITY IS LIKE A ROLLER COASTER. Roller skating tends to have its heydays and example, its fallow eras. Though the 1970s may be thought of Science, as the most famous roller skating decade, the early 1900s experienced its own roller skating craze. In 1905, roller skating rinks opened in cities on asymmetric example, the East Coast, and skating was often chosen over dancing and other types of entertainment. Science? The craze then snaked its way across the Heartland and to major cities on the West Coast. A Comparative Detection BPN Classifier? By 1906, newspapers were running trend pieces about roller skating fashions. My Fascination? Then, in Essay Greek, 1916, Charlie Chaplin starred in The Rink , the first movie about roller skating (above).
4. PEOPLE GOT MARRIED ON ROLLER SKATES. The first recorded marriage on roller skates took place in 1912 in Milwaukee between a Miss Hattie Baldwin and a Mr. My Fascination With Science Essay? W. McGrath, according to the National Museum of Roller Skating. About? And, yes, there is a National Museum of Roller Skating. It’s in Lincoln, Nebraska, and With Science Essay, it recently celebrated its 30th anniversary. 5. SKATES MADE SERVING FOOD EASIER—OR AT LEAST MORE FUN. In the Genetics 1950s and early ‘60s, the roller skating carhop was a ubiquitous sight at drive-ins. Movies like American Graffiti and TV shows like Happy Days further solidified the carhop’s place in American pop culture. Roller skating carhops still exist today, and the Sonic restaurant chain hosts an My Fascination Essay, annual event called the Sonic Skate-Off, a competition to find the most skillful skating carhop from its 3,500 drive-ins nationwide.
At the A Comparative Study of Breast Cancer Detection and MLP BPN Classifier height of the 1970s roller revolution, each major American city developed its own skate style, though some styles were more distinctive than others. Chicago especially became known as a roller skating city and became famous for JB skating, which borrowed many of its intricate moves from the Godfather of Soul (“JB” is said to be an abbreviation for “James Brown.”) Fancy footwork and standing dance routines are hallmarks of the JB style, and a well-known move is aptly called the “Crazy Leg.” The JB style is still practiced on Chicago skating rinks today. 7. My Fascination? CHER WAS HIP TO THE ROLLER CRAZE. Of Breast Detection Based On SVM And MLP BPN Classifier? In 1979, Cher released a song called “Hell on With Science, Wheels.” The accompanying video was one of the very first modern, MTV-style music videos. It features an interesting mix of truck drivers, bikers, and Cher on roller skates wearing a zebra-print jumpsuit. Before he was Johnny of nobody-puts-Baby-in-a-corner fame, Patrick Swayze made his big-screen debut as Ace in 1979’s Skatetown USA . Dubbed “The Rock and Roller Disco Movie of the Year,” the film also starred Scott Baio and The Brady Bunch 's Maureen McCormick. In the clip above, you can see Swayze as Ace, using his belt as an asymmetric example, imaginative prop in a roller disco contest. 9. SOMEWHAT SURPRISINGLY, EVEN THE AMISH ROLLER SKATE. The Amish typically eschew technology and complicated machinery in favor of a very simple life.
Cars, motorcycles, and even bikes are forbidden modes of transportation, but roller skates have been used for decades in Amish communities. My Fascination With? In the 1990s, however, in the middle of the Rollerblade craze, the New York Times reported that though the Amish youth had adopted inline skates as transportation, only a third of Amish congregations had approved their use. About Genetics? Some of the elders were concerned that Rollerblades, which were able to achieve greater speeds than roller skates, could dilute the Amish no-frills lifestyle. My Fascination Science? 10. THE ROLLER SKATE STILL INSPIRES PARADES. The largest parade of roller skaters took place in Paris on June 15, 2008, according to Guinness World Records. The parade consisted of 1188 participants who skated for Training to Achieve One's Essays, 12.68 miles. 11. AND IT WEATHERS NATURAL DISASTERS.
Once a mecca of roller skating, New York City now has only Science Essay, one remaining indoor roller rink, RollerJam USA on A Comparative Study of Breast Cancer Based, Staten Island (though another makeshift rink operates out of a gym in With Science Essay, Brooklyn). RollerJam USA was badly damaged during Hurricane Sandy, and for a while it looked as though New York’s rink count would be reduced to zero. It took $750,000 and example, six months of extensive repairs to finally reopen the rink this past spring, according to RollerJam USA’s owner Joe Costa. “It was worth it,” Costa says. “There’s still this whole underground skating community that you wouldn’t even know exists—people from the With Science ‘70s who are still doing it. And there’s a new generation that’s definitely getting interested in roller skating. Gliding on skates to the music—there’s no feeling like it.” From a central Florida enclave where the mermaids outnumber the residents to the town that changed its name to Joe, Montana, there’s a lot of quirky history in America’s least populated places. We’ve combed the country to find the most interesting tiny town in each state—ranging in population from one to Culture more than 1000. Some entries describe the state’s smallest incorporated town, while others highlight the smallest census-designated place. Essay? We picked the one with the wackiest, cutest, or most surprising story.
In 2000, McMullen was one of the only all-black towns in America, with a population of 66. But a series of recent natural disasters has pushed residents away, from Hurricane Katrina in 2005 to an EF2 tornado that destroyed 13 homes in February 2016. Now only malaysia, nine people remain in the rural western Alabama town, according to Science Essay a 2016 population estimate from the Census Bureau. 2. HOBART BAY, ALASKA // POPULATION: 1. Commander John Bortniak, NOAA Corps (ret.) // Wikimedia Commons. Environmental Of Wayfinding? David Jorgensen has Hobart Bay all to himself. The 62-year-old has been the sole caretaker for the abandoned logging camp, accessible only via floatplane or boat, for nearly a decade.
He used to live in Hobart Bay with scores of With Essay, neighbors before the logging dried up in the late ‘90s. The population plummeted from zoo of malaysia 187 in 1990 to just David Jorgensen by 2010. Now Goldbelt, Inc., a former logging company which owns 30,000 acres in and around Hobart Bay, wants to turn the place into a cruise ship destination and clam farm. Jerome holds simultaneous claims as the smallest incorporated municipality in My Fascination With Science Essay, Arizona and the largest ghost town in Environmental Essay, America. Founded in 1876, the city grew out of a copper mining camp into the fourth largest city in Arizona Territory.
Workers poured in to climb down the Essay town’s mine shafts and extract as many as 3 million pounds of copper each month. The vast number of saloons and brothels that cropped up to A Comparative Based and MLP BPN Classifier cater to the miners in their off-work hours led the New York Sun to dub Jerome “the wickedest town in the west” in 1903. Today, Jerome’s small population of artists, shopkeepers, and hospitality workers bring the ghosts of its past to life for visiting tourists. 4. MAGNET COVE, ARKANSAS // POPULATION: 5. Magnet Cove was named for the abundance of magnetite (lodestone) in its soil, which early settlers discovered when they felt their plows and other tools strangely attracted to the ground. It remains a popular site for rockhounding thanks to its unusually rich [PDF] diversity of minerals. Today, the With Science only businesses in Magnet Cove are a gas station and example, two novaculite quarries. My Fascination? (Novaculite is a mineral used to make whetstones, and Magnet Cove produces some of the zoo of purest novaculite in the world.) 5. VERNON, CALIFORNIA // POPULATION: 209. Vernon was founded in 1905 as an “exclusively industrial” city just south of My Fascination With Science Essay, downtown Los Angeles.
Until 2015, Vernon housed about Training Essays, 1800 businesses employing roughly 55,000 workers —but was home to only 100 residents. The city kept its population low on purpose. All residences were owned by the city government, which evicted its political rivals and tore down houses to Science prevent newcomers from moving in. This enabled a ruling family to control the electorate, run the city “like a fiefdom,” and pay one city administrator a salary of $1.65 million one year. In 2015, under threat of Training One's, dissolution from the state, Vernon agreed to adopt a series of reforms, including the construction of a new privately-owned apartment building that doubled the city’s population.
Bonanza got its name in My Fascination Essay, 1880 from silver miners who thought they’d struck it big. Over the next few decades, Bonanza grew into a copper, zinc, and silver mining boomtown, home to thousands of miners, two hotels, seven dance halls, a newspaper, a candy store, and even a baseball team. Zoo Of Malaysia? Today the town is mainly a summer vacation getaway. My Fascination With? Although as many as 200 people own property in national malaysia, Bonanza today, only one man lives in town year-round: Mark Perkovich, a retired hotshot firefighter who moved in 22 years ago seeking solitude. 7. UNION, CONNECTICUT // POPULATION: 843. My Fascination Essay? Founded on rough terrain with poor soil, Union was the last town settled east of the Connecticut River. James McNall, the town’s first settler, arrived from Ireland in 1727, and Union was officially incorporated in 1734. Legend has it that the town got its name because it was formed from the example “union” of leftover plots of My Fascination With Science, land that surrounding towns hadn’t incorporated. Today Union is a quiet residential community that prides itself on its scenic hills, trees, and asymmetric example, wildlife. After 280 years of townhood, Hartly faced an existential crisis in My Fascination With Science, 2014.
The town had no functioning government. It hadn’t collected taxes in two years. And it was somewhere between $20,000 and Genetics, $36,000 in debt—no one knew exactly how much the town owed because Hartly had stopped paying for the P.O. box where it received its bills. To make matters worse, a former treasurer, convicted in 2004 of My Fascination With Science Essay, embezzling $89,000 from Hartly’s coffers, still hadn’t repaid the town for his theft. Then in December, more than 100 people, mostly out-of-towners, assembled at the local fire station to come up with a plan to save Hartly. They formed a new council and got to work reviving the town, inspiring the 2016 documentary A Hope for Hartly . Study Cancer Detection On SVM BPN Classifier? 9. My Fascination With Essay? WEEKI WACHEE, FLORIDA // POPULATION: 5. Weeki Wachee is of Wayfinding in Emergency Essay home to My Fascination With a state-estimated five human beings—and roughly 28 mermaids. More than 250,000 visitors drive each year to the small central Florida town, an hour north of asymmetric, Tampa, to see the Weeki Wachee Mermaids perform 30-minute live shows in Weeki Wachee Springs State Park. The show began in With Essay, 1947, when a navy veteran named Newton Perry figured out a way to breathe underwater using an air hose and malaysia, a compressor. He built an underwater theater into the springs’ limestone and sought out “pretty girls” to train as mermaids.
Today, the mermaids swim and dance alongside manatees, otters, turtles, and even alligators, stopping only occasionally to My Fascination With Essay catch a breath through tubes at the bottom of their tank. The mayor of Weeki Wachee, Robyn Anderson, is a former mermaid. In Emergency Situations? 10. TATE CITY, GEORGIA // POPULATION: 16. Tate City, according to the Atlanta Journal-Constitution , “isn’t really a city, more an assortment of fancy, second-home homes owned by Essay Atlantans and Floridians and more utilitarian houses for to Achieve Goals, residents working in Clayton or Dillard.” The town sprang up around a ruby mine that once attracted more than 1000 residents, and later switched to logging. (A man named Tate owned the biggest logging camp, hence the name.) After the loggers stripped Tate City of its forests, they moved on and left little behind. The sleepy town didn’t get electricity until the early 1970s. My Fascination With Science Essay? Manele is the site of the Four Seasons Resort Lanai, on Hawaii’s sixth largest island. Essay? Through most of the 20th century, Lanai was the site of the My Fascination Science Dole pineapple plantation, once the most productive in the world.
But today, 97 percent of the island belongs to Larry Ellison, founder of the software firm Oracle and the fifth-richest person in the world. Ellison bought the land, along with a third of about Greek Culture, Lanai’s housing, the water utility, two resort hotels, the cemetery, and most other businesses in a single real estate deal in 2012. He plans to turn the Science Essay island into a luxury resort destination for the super-rich, prompting concerns for zoo of, the future of the island’s residents. 12. WARM RIVER, IDAHO // POPULATION: 3. Warm River became a city thanks to a quirk in Idaho’s 1947 liquor laws that restricted liquor licenses to establishments within municipal borders. That year, Fred Lewies, an With, Estonian immigrant who owned and Greek Culture, operated the Warm River Inn and Rendezvous Dance Hall, incorporated the city so that he could legally serve drinks at his bar.
The town has had three mayors: Fred’s wife Berta, their daughter Lillian, and My Fascination With, their granddaughter Lonnie. Today, Warm River still has its dance hall, but it’s also a fishing destination and a stop for Environmental in Emergency Situations, tourists on their way into Yellowstone National Park. 13. MOONSHINE, ILLINOIS // POPULATION: 1. There’s one business, one house, and one person in My Fascination Science, Moonshine, and they’re all under one green tin roof. Helen Tuttle owns the Moonshine Store, a country store and national zoo of, restaurant she operates out of a century-old building in the middle of Eastern Illinois farmland. Science Essay? Each day, Tuttle serves 140 Moonburgers to customers visiting from surrounding farms (and sometimes ranging from the far flung corners of 50 states and 45 countries). The burgers aren’t very elaborate. Tuttle serves a gas-grilled beef patty on run-of-the-mill buns. But guests are invited to jazz them up themselves from a condiment table featuring mustard, mayonnaise, onions, hot pickle relish and about Genetics, horseradish. For years, Moonshine had a second resident: Roy Lee, Helen’s husband. But Roy died in 2015, and now Helen lives alone in the six rooms above the Moonshine Store.
14. NEW AMSTERDAM, INDIANA // POPULATION: 27. New Amsterdam was born and nearly destroyed on the banks of the Ohio River. Until 1937, the town thrived on the riverbank. It had two general stores, its churches’ pews were packed, and the houses along the river held upwards of 400 people. Then a 1937 flood wiped out most of the city and drove many of its residents away for good, but the remaining folks didn’t give up. With Science? In 2015, New Amsterdam celebrated its bicentennial. 15. BEACONSFIELD, IOWA // POPULATION: 15. Beaconsfield may be tiny, but it punches above its weight class in terms of bragging rights. The Iowa town was the birthplace of the Training to Achieve Hy-Vee grocery store chain, which operates more than 240 stores in the Midwest.
The founders Charles Hyde and Science, David Vredenburg (Hy-Vee, get it?) opened their first store in Beaconsfield, right at the onset of the Great Depression in 1930. Beaconsfield is Environmental of Wayfinding in Emergency Essay also astronaut Peggy Whitson’s hometown [PDF]. In April 2017, Whitson broke the NASA record for My Fascination, most total days in space (at the time, 534). She’s also the first woman ever to command the International Space Station twice. Freeport is a dwindling town that refuses to go softly into the night. For years, the town boasted in its motto that it was “the smallest incorporated city in to Achieve, the United States having a bank.” But the bank left in Science Essay, 2009. Two years later, the post office tried to leave, too, but Freeport residents put up a fight.
They petitioned the U.S. Postal Service to review its decision and hung a sign in city hall, housed in Essay about Greek, the abandoned bank building, urging visitors to “Help Keep Our Post Office—Buy Stamps.” Ultimately, the USPS was no match for Freeport’s residents. The post office remains, along with a grain elevator, a church, and five stubborn Kansans. 17. My Fascination Science? SOUTH PARK VIEW, KENTUCKY // POPULATION: 7. South Park View is asymmetric quickly disappearing beneath the air traffic of Bowman Field. Since 1994, the Louisville Regional Airport Authority has been buying up homes and Science, relocating residents under the path—and wall-to-wall noise—of arriving and departing planes. Over two decades, the program bought out more than 2000 homes at a cost of Training Goals, more than $260 million. But seven holdouts in South Park View have refused to accept the voluntary buy-outs. 18. MOUND, LOUISIANA // POPULATION: 18. Mound got its name because its founders built the town on top of My Fascination With Science, a Native American burial mound.
A century ago, Mound was a collection of cotton plantations owned by a few landed families. In those days, a planter named George S. Essay? Yerger controlled 50,000 acres and paid his workers in a made-up currency they could only Essay, spend at his company store. He also acted as town sheriff and kept prisoners in a subterranean jail buried under his store. Today, corn and soybeans grow in the fields, but the Genetics same families still live in their ancestral homes and own much of the land. Margaret Yerger, who is married to George Yerger’s grandson, is mayor. 19. HIBBERTS GORE, MAINE // POPULATION: 1. With? A gore is an unincorporated area, usually created when land surveyors make mistakes that leave irregularly shaped hunks of unaccounted land between town boundaries. In Maine, Hibberts Gore is asymmetric example home to My Fascination With one resident, Karen Keller, who lives 100 yards from the nearby town of national, Palermo. Curious reporters have been seeking her out for stories since the Boston Globe ran a profile on her in 2001, but Keller doesn’t like the attention. “These people from these big papers come. Why?
What have I done? It’s a bunch of lines on a map. Nothing else.” Keller told Sunday Salon in 2013. “What have I accomplished? What have I ever done to With make anyone’s life better? What good for the planet?
What good for people? What good for anybody? Why? It’s hogwash.” 20. PORT TOBACCO, MARYLAND // POPULATION: 13. In the Environmental in Emergency Situations Essay 18th and 19th centuries, Port Tobacco was Maryland’s second largest port and My Fascination With Science, the seat of Charles County.
Historians say it rivaled Williamsburg and Philadelphia among colonial ports, and that George Washington used to pass through town regularly on Genetics, his way to see his doctor. Today, Port Tobacco still operates under an 1888 charter that bars women from holding office, imposes a $1 tax on every dog and prohibits any resident from allowing “his swine to run at large within said village.” Mayor John Hyde, a mortician by trade, told the Washington Post in 2006 that the My Fascination Science Essay town never got around to example changing those laws, but it doesn’t enforce them anymore. 21. GOSNOLD, MASSACHUSETTS // POPULATION: 75. Gosnold comprises the Elizabeth Islands off the southern coast of Massachusetts. Most residents live on the island of Cuttyhunk, the town seat. According to news reports, in the summer Cuttyhunk’s population can swell up to 400, but in the winter, the island’s 150 golf carts far outnumber its 20 year-round residents.
Cuttyhunk is My Fascination Science home to a one-room schoolhouse with one teacher and two students. It is only accessible by a ferry which in Training to Achieve One's, the winter runs twice a week across Buzzards Bay, carrying food, fuel, mail, and people. My Fascination Science Essay? 22. POINTE AUX BARQUES, MICHIGAN // POPULATION: 10. Asymmetric? Pointe Aux Barques is a resort town on the tip of the thumb of Michigan’s mitten. It got its name in 1665 from French priest Claude Alouez, who thought the rocky coast resembled the Science Essay prow of a ship. From 300 BCE to 600 CE, the land Pointe aux Barques would occupy was a sacred place for an ancient indigenous culture. After its disappearance, the land went unoccupied for asymmetric, a millennium until European colonists showed up and With Essay, began logging the Essay forest in the 17th century. In 1896, railroad baron Stanford Crapo built a resort, connecting Pointe aux Barques to wealthy Detroit families who fled to the rural township in the summer. 23.
FUNKLEY, MINNESOTA // POPULATION: 10. Funkley mayor Emil Erickson will serve anyone who visits his town a drink—provided that they go to the Funkley Bar and Lounge, which he owns, and pay using Funkley Bucks, a made-up currency with his face on it that he prints and doles out to tourists. Erickson presides over the bar with his dog Chopper, who likes to sit on a stool next to the patrons. My Fascination Science? In the fall, big crowds of hunters visit. In the summer, Funkley gets bikers. Otherwise, there aren’t many new faces in Funkley. The city’s population recently doubled to its current 10 residents after a five-person family moved in. 24. A Comparative Study Of Breast Cancer Detection And MLP BPN Classifier? SATARTIA, MISSISSIPPI // POPULATION: 53.
Satartia’s main claim to fame is the Satartia Bridge over the Yazoo River in the Mississippi Delta. Its concrete, steel, and rust aesthetic has landed it on a website that catalogues ugly bridges. But most infamously, a team of paranormal investigators has claimed the Satartia Bridge is haunted: They saw mysterious floating flights, heard phantom moans, and smelled rotting flesh coming from the water in 2003. They suggested the With Science source could be the indigenous Yazoo people, who according to legend were marched into the river to their deaths after refusing to Training One's surrender to the conquering French. Another theory claims the river is haunted by the crew of one of the 29 ships sunk here during the Civil War. Baker is tiny— less than a quarter-square-mile of land. But the town’s only family farms 3,300 acres of rice, soybeans, and My Fascination With Science, wheat in fields that extend beyond Baker’s boundaries. Mark Rinehart took the land over from his father, Max, and example, now works it with his son, Eric.
Mark told the Missouri News Scene his proposal for boosting the U.S. With Science? rice market in 2014: “Drink more beer, eat more rice, or both.” Ismay wasn’t always named Ismay. Until the 1910s, the town was called Burt. Then a railroad division superintendent renamed the place Ismay, a mashup of his two daughters’ names, Isabella and Maybelle. Then, in 1993, as part of a Kansas City radio station’s publicity stunt, the town agreed to change its name to Joe, Montana, in honor of the NFL quarterback who had just been traded to the Chiefs. Sports Illustrated picked up the story, and soon the town was selling hundreds of “Joe, Montana” t-shirts, coffee mugs, and golf balls.
More than 2000 visitors descended on the town the first time it hosted “Joe Day.” And the Kansas City Chiefs flew the Training to Achieve Goals entire town down to My Fascination Science Essay see a game and hang out with Joe Montana. When Ismay ended the stunt eight years later, the town had enough money to buy itself a new fire truck and build a community center—named for national zoo of, Joe Montana. Elsie Eiler is My Fascination all that’s left of Monowi, the only incorporated town in of Wayfinding in Emergency, America with one inhabitant. She is the mayor and the owner of the Science Monowi Tavern, the A Comparative Detection BPN Classifier only business in Science Essay, town. She lives half a mile away from the bar in a mobile home. Each year, she taxes herself to raise the money to keep Monowi’s four streetlights on. For decades, there was another resident in Monowi: Eiler’s husband Rudy, an avid reader. He died in 2004. The next year, Elsie built a library behind the tavern and stocked it with 5000 books.
The library was her husband’s lifelong dream, and Elsie dedicated the building to to Achieve Goals Essays Rudy. 28. CALIENTE, NEVADA // POPULATION: 1108. The land that would become Caliente was first settled in the early 1860s by Science Ike and Dow Barton, two escaped slaves from Arkansas. For a while the Environmental of Wayfinding in Emergency place was called Culverwell, after Charles and William Culverwell, who owned a ranch on the land. In 1901, when Union Pacific and another railroad got into a territory dispute over who could lay down track in With, a narrow canyon near the ranch, William Culverwell ended the land battle “with his shotgun.” He gave Union Pacific the right to build a railroad grade through his property and the rival company dropped its claim. The town quickly grew to more than 5000 residents thanks to the train depot. It was renamed Caliente after the discovery of nearby hot springs. 29. DIXVILLE NOTCH, NEW HAMPSHIRE // POPULATION: 8. The residents of Dixville Notch have cast the first votes in every U.S. presidential election and primary since 1960. Thanks to an obscure New Hampshire law, voting precincts with fewer than 100 voters can open their polls at midnight on election day and close them as soon as everyone has cast their vote.
A local hotelier started driving his employees to the polls at to Achieve Goals, midnight in 1960 as a publicity stunt for his resort. My Fascination With Essay? The polls closed at A Comparative Study Cancer Based on SVM and MLP, 12:07 a.m., and the town became the first precinct to report election results. It wasn’t long before presidential candidates began visiting Dixville Notch every four years. 30. TAVISTOCK, NEW JERSEY // POPULATION: 5. A group of golfers founded Tavistock in 1921 to evade blue laws in nearby Haddonfield that banned sports on Sundays. When 19 former members of the Haddonfield Country Club got fed up with the restrictive rules, they incorporated Tavistock, a quarter-mile splinter of With Essay, Haddonfield. There they created a new country club with a new golf course, which stays open seven days a week. The Tavistock government also lets its country club sell liquor, which is illegal in Haddonfield. 31. WHITES CITY, NEW MEXICO // POPULATION: 7. Kentucky teacher Charlie White founded this town near the entrance of Carlsbad Caverns National Park in the 1920s.
White built tourist accommodations on the only road in or out of the park. “White’s Cavern Camp,” a collection of 13 visitor rooms, a gas station, and a house for his family, grew into Whites City. White’s children and grandchildren eventually added a theater, a saloon, and a museum of curios including a stuffed two-headed snake. In 2008, the Situations White family auctioned off the Science entire city for $1.55 million. (Before the final auction, the family listed it on eBay for $5 million.) The new owners sold Whites City again in Essay Greek Culture, April for an undisclosed sum. 32. OIL SPRING RESERVATION, NEW YORK // POPULATION: 1. A Franciscan missionary named Joseph DeLa Roch D’Allion made the first recorded mention of My Fascination With Science, oil in North America here in about, 1627. The Seneca and Essay, earlier indigenous peoples knew about the oil long before, and used the spring’s petroleum-laden waters for medicinal purposes. The U.S. federal government officially recognized Oil Spring as a Seneca reservation at the end of the Training One's Essays 18th century, but by Science Essay the 1850s white squatters, including future New York governor Horatio Seymour, had taken up residence. The Seneca waged a legal battle to evict the example squatters and have retained control of the My Fascination With Science land ever since [PDF].
33. DELLVIEW, NORTH CAROLINA // POPULATION: 13. In 1925, the Dellinger family had a problem: stray dogs kept raiding their chicken coops and killing their poultry, but local laws prevented them from shooting the mongrels on sight. Luckily, they had a cousin in the state assembly. Environmental Variables Situations Essay? That year, state representative David R. My Fascination With Science? Dellinger proposed a bill to Training One's incorporate the town of Dellview, populated almost exclusively by My Fascination With Science Essay Dellingers.
The town never collected taxes, provided a police force, or offered water or sewer services. But it did pass a local ordinance that made it legal to shoot stray dogs. In 1978, no one in Dellview responded to a Census Mapping Survey and the state declared the town inactive. 34. RUSO, NORTH DAKOTA // POPULATION: 4. Ruso was founded in the early 20th century by protestants from Ukraine who wanted to escape the influence of the Russian Orthodox church. Many took homesteads for farming and ranching in North Dakota. By 1910, 71 percent of the state’s population was first- or second-generation immigrants. The new arrivals named Ruso nostalgically, either after a Russian word meaning “south of us” or a combination of the A Comparative Cancer Based on SVM and MLP BPN Classifier first letters in SOuth RUssia. Rendville is a former coal mining town with an With Science Essay, outsized influence on the history of labor and civil rights in the U.S.
Founded in 1879 by William P. Essay? Rend, the town quickly gained notoriety as a place where black men could get work as coal miners. Rend hired black and white workers in large numbers, despite violent threats from white miners in neighboring towns. Rendville produced the first black man and woman to serve as mayors in Science, Ohio—Isaiah Tuppins and Sophia Mitchell—along with the country’s first black woman postmaster general, Roberta Preston. Adam Clayton Powell Sr., pastor and asymmetric, cofounder of the My Fascination Science Essay National Urban League, and Richard L. Essay? Davis, cofounder of the My Fascination United Mine Workers of America, both worked in Rendville. George Campbell had been letting Boy Scouts and church groups camp on national, his ranch for years. But in 1963, the nearby cities of Tulsa and Sand Springs were racing to annex as much surrounding land as possible, and With Science, Campbell worried that if either city gobbled up his ranch, he would have to follow local ordinances prohibiting the example campers. So he filed to incorporate a new town and My Fascination Essay, named it after his daughter, Lotsee.
Today, Lotsee Spradling and her husband Mike are the only two residents in town and their ranch takes up nearly all of its area. 37. GREENHORN, OREGON // POPULATION: 2. With an elevation of 6306 feet, Greenhorn is Oregon’s highest city. Founded during an 1860s gold rush, Greenhorn now serves as a vacation retreat and hunting outpost for a handful of part-time residents. Two people, Joyce Pappel and Ron Bergstrom, account for the town’s entire permanent population. Environmental Of Wayfinding Situations Essay? Greenhorn collects no taxes and has no sewers, power lines, or police. Science? 38. CENTRALIA, PENNSYLVANIA // POPULATION: 5. Training One's Goals Essays? In 1962, a trash fire in Centralia’s dump spread into an underground coal seam and My Fascination Essay, wouldn’t stop burning for the next two decades. In 1981, a 12-year-old boy was nearly sucked into the subterranean inferno when the ground gave out about Genetics, beneath him. My Fascination With? Two years later, Congress set aside $42 million to asymmetric buy out the town’s 1100 residents, but nine holdouts refused.
After another two decades, they won the right to My Fascination Science Essay stay in their homes. Those that remain alive are Centralia’s last residents. 39. WATCH HILL, RHODE ISLAND // POPULATION: 154. Watch Hill is a blue-blooded beachside village—home to the Ocean House, a grand hotel built here just after the One's Goals Civil War—where wealthy families have spent their summers for more than a century and resisted letting newcomers into their enclave. But in 2013, nouveau-riche pop star Taylor Swift plunked down $17.75 million in cash for a 16-room waterfront mansion. With? For the rest of us, one of two Watch Hill beaches is open to nonresidents. 40. JENKINSVILLE, SOUTH CAROLINA // POPULATION: 43. A Comparative Study Detection Based And MLP? Jenkinsville successfully installed sidewalks, curbs, and streetlights through federal grants. But Jenkinsville is Essay also the site of a slightly larger construction project: two nuclear reactors.
Joining its existing 30-year-old reactor is a pair of new 1117-megawatt reactors, the first such structures built in the U.S. in three decades. They’re scheduled to start running by 2021, and to Achieve One's Goals, each will provide enough electricity to power 640,000 homes. 41. HILLSVIEW, SOUTH DAKOTA // POPULATION: 2. It might be hard to find Hillsview, a half-square-mile patch of territory near South Dakota’s northern border. Science Essay? There used to be two signs that pointed toward the town from the A Comparative Cancer Based and MLP highway, but vandals stole one of them, and the county took down the other down, reasoning that they couldn’t direct drivers to a place with no services to speak of. Now Hillsview’s two residents, a mother and With, son named Helen and Cletus Imberi, use the town’s only revenue—a small transportation allotment—to keep the Hillsview’s eight streetlights on, which illuminate their home, an abandoned school, and a hardware store. 42.
SAULSBURY, TENNESSEE // POPULATION: 112. Saulsbury used to Essay about Greek be renowned for its valuable sand. In the 1870s, the With Science Essay sand mining industry took off and the town shipped 47 different kinds of sand to nearly every state in the country. 43. LOS YBANEZ, TEXAS // POPULATION: 19. In 1980, Israel Ybanez snapped up an asymmetric, auctioned parcel of government land in western Texas with one goal: open dry Dawson County’s only liquor store. He incorporated the town in 1983, installed his wife as mayor, got his liquor license, and My Fascination With, opened a take-out beer store. For three decades, Ybanez did brisk business as the only booze merchant for miles, eventually expanding to also sell wine and spirits. Ybanez died in 2014, but there are three liquor stores in Los Ybanez today. Bonanza is a company town, owned by the American Gilsonite Co., at the center of the only commercial gilsonite mining operation in the world. Example? You may not have heard of gilsonite, but this shiny black subspecies of asphalt is the stuff that shades the With ink in Training Goals Essays, your printer and seals your car to keep dust from drifting in from the road.
Most of the company’s 225 workers live 48 miles away in Vernal, but Bonanza still encompasses 26 houses, processing plants and My Fascination Essay, administrative buildings. 45. NEWFANE VILLAGE, VERMONT // POPULATION: 113. Newfane Village is a small incorporated enclave within the larger town of Newfane—a cluster of Essay, old, historic homes and small stores surrounded by forest. My Fascination Essay? The settlement dates back to 1825 and its “village” status is a holdover from an archaic local government structure that Vermont abandoned by the 1930s. With its idiosyncratic government and its 60 white-clapboard, black-shuttered homes, Newfane Village has been described as a “microcosm of Vermont” and the “epitome of small-town New England.” 46. CLINCHPORT, VIRGINIA // POPULATION: 66. Clinchport started as a port for about Greek Culture, loggers transporting logs down the Clinch River to Chattanooga. My Fascination? The loggers rode the logs downstream, guided them into port at national zoo of malaysia, Chattanooga, and then hitched a ride back to Clinchport to chop down another tree.
The town grew until 1977, when the My Fascination Science Essay Clinch River flooded and washed away many of Essay about, its homes and businesses. Clinchport was never rebuilt. Today the Clinch River is renowned for My Fascination With Essay, its biodiversity. With over 130 species of fish and 40 species of mussels—many of them threatened or endangered—it is the A Comparative of Breast Cancer Based on SVM and MLP most biodiverse river in the country. With Science Essay? 47. KRUPP, WASHINGTON // POPULATION: 49. The town of Krupp was incorporated in Environmental Variables Essay, 1911 and still officially bears that name—but everybody calls the place Marlin, because of a grudge against the Germans that dates back to World War I. My Fascination Science Essay? During that conflict, the German Krupp gun factory manufactured much of the artillery the Axis powers fired on Allied soldiers.
Queasy about this association, the town started calling itself Marlin, after John Marlin, the town’s first white settler. 48. THURMOND, WEST VIRGINIA // POPULATION: 6. William D. Environmental Variables Of Wayfinding In Emergency Situations? Thurmond, a former captain in the Confederate army, got 73 acres of land along the New River Gorge in 1873 as payment for his work as a surveyor. With rich coal fields and access to a nearby railroad junction, Thurmond’s property quickly attracted miners and merchants from across West Virginia. My Fascination? Saloons and gambling houses quickly followed. The town of Thurmond came to be known as the “Dodge City of the East” and was described as “hell with a river through it.” As the coal industry dried up, so did the town, until only five residents remained by 2015. That year, Thurmond became the smallest town in America to unanimously ban housing and employment discrimination against LGBT people. 49. ODANAH, WISCONSIN // POPULATION: 13.
Odanah is the seat of government of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians on the Bad River Reservation. During the Environmental 1850 Sandy Lake Tragedy, 400 Chippewa died of disease, starvation, and cold when the With Science Essay federal government tried to force them to relocate west of the Mississippi. In 1854, the government granted the tribe permanent reservations in example, Wisconsin. Today, the My Fascination With Bad River Band has more than 7000 members, most living on the roughly 125,000 acres of undeveloped land in the reservation. 50. (PHINDELI TOWN) BUFORD, WYOMING // POPULATION: 1. All of Buford belongs to Environmental Variables of Wayfinding Situations Essay Pham Dinh Nguyen, a Vietnamese businessman who bought the place solely to promote his brand of gourmet coffee. My Fascination Science Essay? He even unofficially renamed it PhinDeli Town Buford after the coffee. Nguyen, who reportedly walks around his native Ho Chi Minh City wearing a cowboy hat and calling himself “the mayor,” paid $900,000 in an online auction to buy Buford’s five buildings in 2013.
He leases the town to a caretaker named Jason Hirsch, who runs a convenience store and Greek, gas station called the Buford Trading Post. It is the town’s sole business and the only My Fascination Essay, place in America where you can buy PhinDeli coffee. About Genetics? Hirsch, however, doesn’t live in town. Buford’s one resident is My Fascination Science Essay Brandon Hoover, who lives in a modest house behind the gas station. Hoover shares Buford with a horse named Sugar, Buford’s unofficial mascot. Dive bars are the perfect antidote to exorbitant cocktail prices and highfalutin mixologists who insist on putting a dozen ingredients into your whiskey sour. These casual, unpretentious spots serve a variety of inexpensive beers, cocktails, and Essay about Culture, (occasionally) snacks. Although there are tons of dive bars scattered across the My Fascination With Science Essay country, we’re choosing the best dive bar in every state, based on the bar’s drink menu, reputation, and overall aesthetic. A Comparative Cancer Detection Based BPN Classifier? Location: Birmingham, Alabama. Founded in My Fascination Science, 1962, the Upsidedown Plaza might be the ultimate spot for good drinks and asymmetric example, good times.
It stays open until 2 a.m. My Fascination With Science Essay? every night, giving patrons plenty of time to malaysia play pool, dance to oldies, and sing karaoke. Sandbar serves Alaskan beer on tap and delicious halibut fish and Science, chips. The friendly bartenders, three pool tables, and golf game machine keep customers coming back. People come to Rips Bar to let loose and forget their troubles. Expect to find killer ales and cocktails, a fun rockabilly vibe, and A Comparative Study Cancer BPN Classifier, bar games including pinball, pool, and darts.
There’s also karaoke, open mic events, and all-day drink specials. 4. ARKANSAS // THE WHITE WATER TAVERN. Location: Little Rock, Arkansas. Essay? Head to this hole in Greek Culture, the wall for strong whiskey, cheap beer, and With Essay, live music. The atmosphere is Environmental in Emergency eclectic, with tons of twinkle lights, graffiti on the walls, and With Essay, a Miller Lite clock behind the bar. Zoo Of? There’s also a canoe hanging from the ceiling. Location: San Francisco, California. Situated in the Mission district, Clooney’s Pub is a casual spot famous for its circular bar and friendly service. My Fascination Science? Happy hour starts bright and early—at 6 a.m.—and for Study Cancer Based on SVM, entertainment, there's a pool table and TV. My Fascination With Science Essay? With $3 well drinks, $4 drafts, and $5 martinis during happy hour, the Sink knows how to please. Essay Genetics? Everyone from chef Anthony Bourdain to former President Barack Obama has visited the My Fascination bar, which has been open since 1923.
Order the bar’s legendary burger and pizza as you marvel at the trippy artwork on the walls and ceiling. Location: Manchester, Connecticut. Originally a soda and ice cream shop, the national Hungry Tiger is My Fascination Science now a beloved dive bar and music venue. Sunday brunch features cheap Bloody Marys and Bud Light pitchers, and the spot serves delectable burgers, wings, and sliders. Location: Hockessin, Delaware. With $3 beer and $4 wine and liquor, Famous Tom’s brings the example boozy goods. The TVs play plenty of NFL games, so you can watch your favorite teams as you sip your drink.
9. With Essay? FLORIDA // FREE SPIRITS SPORTS CAFE. Location: Miami Beach, Florida. Bartenders pour generously at this Miami Beach bar. After you knock back a few drinks, try the perfectly greasy chicken fingers and fries and relax in front of a sports game. Asymmetric? Built in the ‘40s, Northside Tavern was a neighborhood grocery store and gas station before it morphed into a blue-collar bar. With live music seven nights a week and My Fascination Science, paintings on the wall dedicated to blues and jazz musicians, this dive bar is a music lover’s paradise. Located in Honolulu’s Chinatown, Hanks Cafe Honolulu is a tiny bar with a big heart. The bartenders are friendly, the walls feature island-inspired portraits, and a jukebox and live music keep guests happily entertained. Whiskey River has been around for almost a decade, offering a full liquor bar and tons of bottled beers.
There’s a dance floor, darts, pool tables, and a jukebox, and about Greek, the bar stays open until 1 a.m. every night. With? People rave about the Double Bubble. The neighborhood bar serves craft beers at reasonable prices, and the TVs play plenty of football games. If you’re an Irish whiskey fan, be sure to get a Jameson shot. 14. INDIANA // CHECKERED FLAG TAVERN. Location: Indianapolis, Indiana. Checkered Flag Tavern has a great selection of Environmental of Wayfinding in Emergency Situations, draft beers, liquor, and burgers. Named for the Indy 500, naturally, the bar has plenty of non-alcohol related entertainment including a photo booth, pool table, darts, and live music on the weekends.
The High Life Lounge is a popular destination for My Fascination Science, beer aficionados. Lovers of asymmetric example, Miller High Life (the “champagne of beers”) will especially love this bar, which has a ‘60s and ‘70s vibe thanks to the vintage beer signs and With Science Essay, retro wood paneling. To Achieve One's Essays? If you work up an appetite, try the fried dill-pickle spears and the cheese curds. Location: Kansas City, Kansas. Established in 1934, Johnnie’s On Seventh has long been one of Kansas’ favorite watering holes. The retro vibe and friendly regulars will make you feel right at home, and the darts, shuffleboard, and popcorn machine will keep you entertained all night. 17. KENTUCKY // T. EDDIE’S BAR AND GRILL. Location: Louisville, Kentucky.
If low-key bars that serve cheap beer are your thing, head to T. Eddie’s Bar and My Fascination With Science, Grill in Germantown. With 42 craft beers, a fenced-in back patio, and karaoke nights, you can’t go wrong. A Comparative Of Breast Cancer Detection On SVM? 18. LOUISIANA // SNAKE AND JAKE’S CHRISTMAS CLUB LOUNGE. Location: New Orleans, Louisiana.
Situated in a dark shack, Snake And Jake’s Christmas Club Lounge gives all who enter it the ultimate dive bar experience. Christmas lights illuminate the tiny space year-round, and My Fascination, the bar serves cheap local beers and Greek, shots every night (including Christmas). Location: South Portland, Maine. My Fascination Science Essay? Drink specials, good pub food, and live music? Check. Spring Point Tavern serves well drinks and Jell-O shots, and there are darts and pool to help guests unwind from the day’s stresses. Walking down the stairs to this basement dive bar will transport you to a simpler time and place.
Everyone seems to know everyone else, and the cold beer and homemade spicy chili will make you feel right at home. 21. MASSACHUSETTS // THE VICTORIA BAR. Variables Situations Essay? Location: Greenfield, Massachusetts. The Vic is the ultimate place to down lagers, fireball shots, and Irish coffee while you watch a Red Sox game. The family-owned and With Science, -operated bar also has three big-screen TVs, a jukebox, and darts. Location: Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Banfield’s Bar opened in 1982 and has been drawing in locals ever since. The hole-in-the-wall serves strong drinks and tasty burgers, and it hosts events such as ‘70s karaoke nights. 23. MINNESOTA // SKINNERS PUB EATERY. Location: Saint Paul, Minnesota.
Owned by husband and wife duo Pete and Molly Skinner, Skinners Pub Eatery is about Greek Culture a laid-back bar that serves beer on tap, wine, tacos and pizza. The big TV screens by the bar, plus the low prices, make regulars come back again and again. 24. My Fascination Essay? MISSISSIPPI // THE PROJECT LOUNGE. Location: Biloxi, Mississippi. Customers rave about the friendly service, strong drinks, and rib-eye steak sandwich at the Project Lounge. The dark, smoky dive bar has an electronic jukebox and is cash-only. Billed as a tavern for the macabre at heart, the Haunt is a Goth-themed dive bar with $2 well drinks, $11 domestic buckets, a pool table, and live music.
If Halloween is Goals your favorite holiday, you’ll love the spooky decor and horror films playing on the TV. Since 1987, the Rhino has impressed customers with its beer and scotch selections. My Fascination With Science? With 50 beers on tap and more than 50 single-malt scotches, this dive bar also offers pool, shuffleboard, and plenty of malaysia, good times. Across from Hitchcock Park is Beer City, a bar that offers $2 fireball shots every Monday, $5 pitchers on My Fascination With Essay, Wednesday, and karaoke on of Wayfinding in Emergency Essay, Friday nights. There are also free peanuts and My Fascination Essay, popcorn, pool and darts, 11 TVs, and mini-golf in the back. Since 1992, Double Down has been a haven for people who want to break away from the One's Goals pricey Vegas strip. With Science Essay? Dubbed the anti-Vegas, this bar serves eye-popping drinks like the original bacon martini (Slim Jim garnish and Variables of Wayfinding in Emergency Essay, all). There’s also pool, pinball, and live music.
29. NEW HAMPSHIRE // PENUCHE’S CONCORD. Location: Concord, New Hampshire. Penuche’s really promotes music and emerging artists. Bands play often and open mic opportunities abound. Whether you order beer or cocktails, this bar will put you in Essay, a partying mood. Locations: Haledon and Oak Ridge, New Jersey. Jimmy Geez dominates the north Jersey dive bar scene. You’ll find more than 20 beers on tap, chicken wings galore, and plenty of TVs tuned to to Achieve sports games. My Fascination Essay? Jimmy Geez also hosts live music and trivia nights, making it the Environmental ultimate hangout spot. Science Essay? Location: Bernalillo, New Mexico.
In 1933, a former bootlegger and moonshiner named Felix Silva opened Silva’s Saloon. Today, the biker bar is the longest continuously running business on of Wayfinding in Emergency, historic Route 66. Dollar bills, raunchy photos, and old liquor bottles decorate the My Fascination With Science space. Variables Situations Essay? Location: New York, New York. Located on Houston Street a few blocks north of Little Italy, Milano’s Bar might be Manhattan’s best old-school dive bar. It’s been open since 1880! All-day-and-night specials include Tecate, Narragansett, and Rolling Rock.
Location: Apex, North Carolina. Local Bar began in the ‘30s as a gas station, but today it serves cold drinks to happy customers. Besides $1 Jell-O shots and Monday movie nights, the With Essay bar also has live music, pool tables, horseshoe pits, and dart boards. 34. NORTH DAKOTA // BORROWED BUCKS ROADHOUSE. To Achieve One's Goals? Location: Bismarck, North Dakota.
There’s something for everyone at Borrowed Bucks, from beer pong on Tuesdays to ladies’ night on My Fascination, Wednesdays (women can get $2 Schooners). Genetics? Between sips of your beer, munch on the pizza and wings. Although Becky’s Bar is near Cleveland State University, it’s not just for students. Since 1986, Becky’s has served a diverse group of diehard customers who enjoy the PBRs and IPAs, mozzarella sticks, and arcade games. There’s also a jukebox, biweekly karaoke, and multiple big screen TVs that play football, baseball, and basketball games. Located in downtown Tulsa, Orpha’s Lounge is a small, welcoming joint with two pool tables and plenty of drink specials. Just be aware that some patrons still smoke inside. Opened in 1998, The Low Brow might be the best place to unwind in Portland.
The dimly lit bar discourages patrons from My Fascination With Science being glued to their screens, and the menu includes everything from nachos to kale salad. Greek? Location: Enola, Pennsylvania. Science Essay? For more than two decades, James Bar has served cheap drinks to Essay Culture thirsty Pennsylvanians. A neon Bud Light sign in the window greets customers, who can sip beer from Mason jars and play tunes on the bar’s jukebox. 39. RHODE ISLAND // CAPTAIN SEAWEED'S FAMILY PUB. My Fascination Essay? Location: Providence, Rhode Island.
Captain Seaweed’s is a true dive bar—and proud of it. The walls of the Fox Point bar feature nautical decor, making it the right place for Training One's Goals Essays, people who like sipping beer near ship wheels, life ring buoys, pirate paraphernalia, and whale artwork. 40. SOUTH CAROLINA // TATTOOED MOOSE. Location: Charleston, South Carolina. Despite its extensive craft beer selection and tasty food, this downtown dive is down-to-earth and unassuming.
Get the My Fascination With Science Essay grilled cheese sandwich or the Environmental Variables Essay bar’s namesake burger, and wash it down with your choice of pale ales, pilsners, and With, porters. 41. SOUTH DAKOTA // THE THIRSTY DUCK. Location: Sioux Falls, South Dakota. The Thirsty Duck is a popular destination for Essay about Greek Culture, affordable drinks, great pizza, and live music. You’ll find groups of friends and coworkers singing karaoke, playing pool, and tossing darts. Location: Nashville, Tennessee. As East Nashville’s oldest dive bar, Dino’s has built a rock-solid reputation as a top-notch spot. Beers include a selection of Coors, Budweiser, Stiegl, Yuengling, Miller High Life, and Tecate.
Food options include cheeseburgers, fries, and fish and chips. This British tavern, located in Courthouse Square, has a little something for Science Essay, everyone. From imported beers and ciders to stouts and national, lagers, the Abbey Underground has an impressive alcohol menu. Different nights have musical themes ranging from big band and funk to disco trash and My Fascination, ‘90s dance. Location: Salt Lake City, Utah. Greek? Having fun at X-Wife’s Place won’t break the With Essay bank, thanks to cheap beer cans and shots. Customers can play pool inside or head to the big outdoor patio to play cornhole. Location: Burlington, Vermont. Dive bar connoisseurs love Other Place (The OP), where there’s plenty of beer, mimosas, and Bloody Marys to go around. The sports-themed tabletops, pool table, and A Comparative Study Detection Based on SVM and MLP BPN Classifier, occasional movie nights make The OP a neighborhood institution. Location: Virginia Beach, Virginia.
Friendly bartenders and a stellar selection of seasonal and With Science, Virginian craft beers make Lynnhaven Pub stand out from other bars. National Zoo Of Malaysia? The mouthwatering brisket and barbecue tacos are also beloved. With Science Essay? Location: Tacoma, Washington. Although the Mule Tavern serves an abundance of about, beer and cocktails, Moscow Mules are its specialty. Bartenders make ginger beer from scratch by juicing lemons and ginger, adding cane sugar and water, and carbonating the liquid. With Science Essay? Moscow Mules are $4 during happy hour, and Essay about Greek, well drinks are just $3. 48. WEST VIRGINIA // THE BOULEVARD TAVERN.
Location: Charleston, West Virginia. At the Boulevard Tavern, craft cocktails focus on bourbon and gin. You can’t go wrong with any of the bar’s signature cocktails, the best of which is the West Virginia Coal Rush, a honey-infused bourbon. Live music and open mic nights, as well as reggae Sundays, keep excitement levels high. 49. WISCONSIN // SILVER DOLLAR TAVERN. Location: Madison, Wisconsin. Less crowded than nearby bars, Silver Dollar Tavern has been a family-owned bar since 1933. The shuffleboard, darts, and pool are a big hit with loyal customers. The bar is cash-only, but there’s an My Fascination, ATM inside. 50.
WYOMING // THE BUCKHORN BAR PARLOR. The Buckhorn Bar is older than you. It’s been around since 1900, and today visitors can see the bar’s famous bullet hole, elk, and Study of Breast, two-headed calf on display. Tuesday is With $1 pint night, Wednesday is karaoke night, and Thursday is the night for $1 jack-and-Cokes. Training Goals? LIVE SMARTER BIG QUESTIONS WEATHER WATCH BE THE CHANGE JOB SECRETS QUIZZES WORLD WAR 1 SMART SHOPPING STONES, BONES, WRECKS #TBT THE PRESIDENTS WORDS RETROBITUARIES. 5 Trouble-Shooting Tips to Keep Your House Plant Alive.
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Comparison and With Essay, Concordance of the New SAT and Situations Essay, ACT. New SAT results and concordances are in! But what do they mean? How have scores changed from the old SAT? And how can scores help students determine whether the SAT or ACT should be favored? Compass has analyzed available research and concordances to create a comparison tool in both chart and table forms below (or access the PDF for easy distribution). My Fascination With Science. A concordance can help provide comparable scores for the ACT and Essay about, the redesigned SAT, but a concordance cannot give you guidance about which test you should study for and take. Although many students will find that their SAT and ACT scores intersect somewhere in the gray “Judgment Call” band, some may discover that one test is actually better suited to their skills.
The release of March SAT scores and My Fascination Essay, the publication of New SAT concordance tables means that students are armed with more information about the respective merits of the SAT and ACT. Training Essays. Sometimes there are specific reasons why a student prefers one test over another: National Merit requirements, scheduling needs, or a strong negative reaction to a previous testing experience. For most students, however, the question comes down to “where is my time best spent?” Three common situations are: You took the old SAT in January 2016 or earlier and Science Essay, want to know if you are “done.” The concordance tables can help you see where your old SAT score stacks up in Study Cancer on SVM BPN Classifier comparison to With Science the new SAT and to the ACT. Since retaking an old SAT is Essay about not an With Science, option, you will need to Environmental Variables of Wayfinding in Emergency Situations Essay decide on a path forward if you are not satisfied with your scores. The old SAT and redesigned SAT are completely different tests, so you should not favor the New SAT simply because of experience on the old exam. Consider taking practice tests for My Fascination Science, the New SAT and ACT — or use your PSAT as an asymmetric example, initial benchmark. You took the New PSAT and With Science, have taken a practice or real ACT. You can use the tables provided on our PSAT post. If you have subsequently taken a New SAT — real or practice — then you should use the information on this page.
You have taken both a New SAT and about Culture, an ACT — real or practice — but are undecided about the best step forward. Use the chart above and My Fascination With, tables below to inform your decision. In order to see how ACT and SAT scores compare, we have provided two useful concordance tables. If you have an ACT score, you can use the first table below to national zoo of find comparable scores on My Fascination With, the New SAT and old SAT. If you have taken the New SAT, the second table gives you a score-by-score comparison with the asymmetric example old SAT and ACT. My Fascination Science Essay. These tables are also useful when looking at college, scholarship, or NCAA eligibility information that has not yet been updated for asymmetric example, the redesigned SAT.
Art graduated magna cum laude from Harvard University, where he was the top-ranked liberal arts student in his class. Art pioneered the one-on-one approach to test prep in California in 1989 and co-founded Compass Education Group in 2004 in order to My Fascination Science Essay bring the best ideas and tutors into students' homes and computers. Essay Greek. Although he has attained perfect scores on all flavors of the SAT and ACT, he is routinely beaten in backgammon. How would you advise a student who got 1550 on the new SAT (reading 40, writing and language 39 and With Essay, math 38) but got a score of about, 17 on the writing portion. With Essay. The essay is required at several of the highly competitive schools and I am not sure how they will view this. Do you know if the College Board will allow the writing section to be rescored the way ACT did for students willing to asymmetric example pay a fee for My Fascination Essay, rescoring? Let me answer the most straightforward part first: College Board’s policy is to Achieve Goals radically different from ACT’s, and a rescore — in the sense of With Science, a re-reading or re-grading — is Essay about Greek Culture not even an option.
The only Essay, case in which a “score verification” can be requested is in the case of an illegible scan (not illegible handwriting). There are rare cases where a scan is mangled or the student has completed the essay in pen (the scanners are designed to pick up on about Culture, pencil). Since College Board makes essays available online — sometimes with a delay — it is easy to verify that a student’s essay was readable. In the My Fascination Science case of an essay receiving a total of 17 points, the essay had to have been readable. My advice for a student with a 1550 is to celebrate a great score and not worry at all about the essay. College Board has made some good decisions regarding the essay. They have not tried to scale it and pretend that it has more meaning than it does.
They have used a narrow range of to Achieve Essays, scores (1-4 per reader per domain) to avoid overly fine distinctions. My Fascination With Science. They have not tried to build a concordance with the old essay. In fact, they don’t even total the scores (or they’ve changed their reporting at the last minute). Scores of Variables in Emergency Situations Essay, 6/6/5 — I’m assuming that things are in that ballpark — are quite respectable. The primary reason for the essay’s existence at this point is the SAT’s use as a statewide exam. Colleges do not use or do not emphasize the essay scores, and the student will not be disadvantaged by My Fascination Essay his or her score.
Unlike the ACT, College Board will only rescore an essay if it was illegible due to a faint scan. Your student can login and see the essay for herself to see if this is the case. You could probably take a look at it yourself and judge whether it’s simply a weak essay and therefore a legit 17. Even assuming the 17 is fair, I’d lean towards not bothering retesting when sitting on Essay about Greek Culture, a 1550. Seems very unlikely that could be a significant tip factor in a denial. With. Finally, 17 out of 24 really isn’t that bad at all. My advice would probably be the same even if the score were in the low teens. I also like to A Comparative Study of Breast Detection on SVM and MLP remind students with 1500+ scores that there are quite certainly many other strong indicators of their writing skill elsewhere in their application. Similar question here…daughter has a 34 ACT but writing score of 24. New SAT score is 1460 (she didn’t take the writing). She wants to My Fascination With apply to Davidson where they ask for Training to Achieve Goals Essays, the ACT with writing or SAT.
The ACT seems to My Fascination be the better overall score but I’m worried about the writing score. Zoo Of Malaysia. (We asked for a rescore on the writing but it didn’t change.) Would you advise retaking the ACT with writing to improve the essay score? We are seeing that a 24 is fairly typical for a student in your daughter’s score range. The low correlation between Writing and other subject scores means that high Composites are often mixed with lower Writing scores. Your daughter’s score is not in a range where I would recommend a retake — certainly not if the primary goal is raising the Writing score. Say a student took old SAT with 2370 : 800 CR 800 M 770 W. My Fascination With Science Essay. Before this year it would be almost perfect score and comparable to 36 ACT. This year it’s comparable to 1590 new SAT and 35 ACT, it seems less of an accomplishment, is it correct?
No, these two sets of scores represent equivalent levels of accomplishment, and a very high level at that. Both sets of scores are well into the 99th percentile, and the very slight differences between the scores are both a) within the range of measurement error for the tests and b) entirely irrelevant to colleges. How can someone who can score 2370 and 1590 respectively on old/new have the impression that the lower score is Environmental of Wayfinding Essay not as impressive? Reminiscent of With Science Essay, Spinal Tap (Wonder what Nigel’s score was?): Nigel: The numbers all go to eleven. Look, right across the board, eleven, eleven, eleven and… Marty: Oh, I see. And most amps go up to ten? …[Edited for length] Marty: Why don’t you just make ten louder and make ten be the top number and make that a little louder? Nigel: [pause] These go to eleven.
On sample sat put out by Essay about board I got a 1380 and on practice act I got a 30. Which test should I take? Thanks. Hi Cherie, you are squarely in the “Judgment Call” zone based on these scores alone. My Fascination With. That means colleges would view a 1380 SAT and to Achieve One's, 30 ACT as equivalent. The bad news is Essay that the scores don’t make this decision easy for you or give you clear direction. The good news is that both options are wide open for Essay about, you and equally viable. Also, your situation is quite typical. Essay. Most students score similarly on these exams, which underlies why colleges accept both equally. At this point you will want to ponder a number of questions as you seek to make a decision. These questions may include:
Do you feel that both of these scores accurately reflect your ability right now? Was one practice test affected by factors that did not affect the other; do both reflect an equal level of Essay Culture, effort when you took them? What are the My Fascination more specific strengths and example, weaknesses reflected in the subscores? Each test has unique elements, e.g. ACT has Science, SAT has Math with no-calculator questions and grid-in questions. Do you have a feel for which test you would prefer and which test would suit you best? Often these instincts become self-fulfilling as you move forward and continue practicing. The caveat is that sometimes an area that is a relative weakness is also an My Fascination With Science, opportunity for example, significant improvement. Essay. What does your personal crystal ball seem to be telling you about on which test you have more potential to improve?
How did each test’s unique structure and rhythm feel for you? The SAT begins with a 65 minute Reading section, for Training Goals, example, which is significantly longer than ACT’s Reading section. But many students find SAT Reading to My Fascination With Science be more reasonably-paced than ACT Reading, and they like to get Reading out of the way up front. There are many other distinctions like this. Which feels more comfortable to Cancer Detection BPN Classifier you? Logistics. Are both tests’ available test dates equally feasible for My Fascination Science, your schedule? Any other special considerations? All the above aside, there is no need to example overthink this. In all likelihood you could simply flip a coin or go with your gut, and you would never have any reason to regret whichever decision you make.
The fact that you have taken both practice tests and are visiting blogs and asking questions indicates you are serious about improving your scores and getting through this process successfully. Please let us know if we can address further questions as you move forward. Best of luck to My Fascination With Essay you. My son received a 1530 on the March SAT (730 EBRW + 800 Math). National Malaysia. The concordance tables puts the My Fascination Essay score equivalent to asymmetric a 2230 on the old SAT and My Fascination With, a 34 on Essay about, the ACT. However, the With Essay individual section scores are concorded as 700 R + 680 W + 800 M, which add up to only 2180 versus the overall 2230 that they list. Also, he scored a 6/6/6 on Goals Essays, the essay. My question is can we trust the 2230 number? Can we trust the 34 on My Fascination Science Essay, the ACT?
How should one decide whether or not to retake the test? Does the 1530 make him less competitive for certain schools? Also, I don’t understand how a 1550 translates to a 2280, a 1540 to A Comparative Study Cancer Detection on SVM BPN Classifier a 2260, but a 1530 to Science Essay a 2230. Congrats to your son on his excellent March score. Essay. You’ve raised reasonable and tricky questions.
I’ll take them out of order. First, you can definitely “trust” the My Fascination concordances, if for Essay about Greek, no other reason than because the Science Essay colleges will trust them. Training To Achieve Goals. At the admission committee table in 2016-2017, the concordances will be considered gospel and a 1530 new SAT will be “worth” the With Science same as a 2230 old SAT or a 34 ACT. Put another way, if your son were to national zoo of malaysia try a practice ACT and My Fascination Science, score lower than 34, we would likely recommend that he pursue and report only the SAT. The good news is that a score of zoo of malaysia, 1530 puts him in the ballpark for full consideration at any of the most selective colleges. See the Competitive Landscape on pp. 8-9 of Essay, http://www.compassprep.com/compass-guide/ for more context.
It would not be misguided by any means for you to Training One's declare him done with the SAT/ACT at My Fascination Science this point and let him move on Essay about Greek, to focus on other meaningful aspects of his college applications (and his life, for that matter). My Fascination With Essay. It is A Comparative Detection on SVM BPN Classifier unlikely that he will miss out on opportunities that he otherwise would have had if his SAT verbal score were a bit higher. That said, all of our experience tells us that a student of his profile can often improve his verbal score with only a moderate amount of My Fascination With Science, effort. If your inclination is for national malaysia, him to be especially thorough, you should consider a retake. You might also consider having him try a practice ACT before deciding to retake the My Fascination Essay SAT.
Our staff would be happy to asymmetric provide practice tests and a follow-up evaluation to aid your decision. We also offer private tutoring, in-home or online, though we would recommend only Science Essay, a modest number of lessons at most for a student with such a high starting score. It’s quite possible that self-study on his part would be sufficient to raise his verbal score. You have a range of good options here, including doing nothing. There are several explanations for the oddities in the score translations that you’ve noted. The first is that the malaysia SAT, in moving from a 2400 to a 1600 scale, has fewer points on the new scale from With which points on the old scale can be mapped.
Therefore gaps (2230 to 2260 to 2280) were inevitable. Training To Achieve One's Goals Essays. Second, a shrunken scale results in score compression at the high end; there is a reduced range of possible scores on which high-scoring students can spread out and Science, settle. On the old SAT there were 11 points on the scale from 2300-2400. On the new SAT, these 11 points map to just five points: 1560-1600. Essay About. Finally, the reasons that his individually concorded scores on the old SAT (700 R and 680 W) concord lower than his combined 730 EBRW on the new SAT are a) scores are inflated across the With Essay board from the old to the new based on zoo of malaysia, numerous technical decisions made by the College Board, including the My Fascination With elimination of a guessing penalty and of Breast Detection on SVM and MLP BPN Classifier, reducing the My Fascination With Science number of answer choices from 5 to 4, and b) individual scores often concord lower than combined total scores; put simply, fewer students are able to demonstrate commensurate strengths on individual sections (many students have lopsided scores, e.g. Writing significantly higher than Reading). Thanks, Adam. This is very helpful. However, it raises a follow up question … My son does feel that he can definitely raise his writing score on the new SAT (he got 5 incorrect on Reading, 4 on grammar, and 0 on Environmental Variables, Math). So it is tempting to retake especially since he will be able to use ScoreChoice and leverage his 800 on the Math. With Essay. However, the about next available SAT dates are not the With Science Essay most convenient.
In June, he is taking SAT Chem and SAT Math 2 after completing AP Chem and AP BC Calc, which only leaves the possibility of asymmetric, October. Any advice? Ah, it’s unfortunate that the timing doesn’t work optimally, This is an My Fascination Essay, unfortunate consequence of College Board’s delay in reporting scores for the first administration of national malaysia, a new test. In prior years his March scores would have come back well in time for him to retake on the May test date. My Fascination Science. Definitely do not mess with his Subject Test plans in June. I would recommend he invest three hours in an ACT practice test ASAP. If he does as well or better than his March SAT, then he could take the ACT in asymmetric June a week after his Subject Tests. My Fascination Essay. Otherwise this will need to simmer over Essay about, the summer and My Fascination, a retake of the SAT in October is the only option.
For a student with this strong profile, I like a plan that creates the possibility of Greek, being completely done with testing by June. This is so very helpful. My Fascination Science Essay. Thank you. You mention lopsided scores. My daughter has this issue on the old SAT, with a Reading Score of 660 and of Breast Cancer, a Writing Score of 780.
Her math is also a 780. Will her 660 eliminate her from consideration at any schools right from the start ? Or are will they consider that she has a 2220 overall? Should she even bother with the new SAT (she did not like the ACT)? If it helps matters, she got a 720 EBRW/730 M on the PSAT. She has her Subject tests scheduled for June and October and she is very “done” with testing. I just don’t want her to be short sighted after putting all this work in Essay already. About Genetics. Her extracurriculars are very strong, she has all 5s on her AP scores and My Fascination Essay, she has a 3.95 GPA. The 660 is the only “weak” part of her application. Any advice would be greatly appreciated! Thank you again.
Hi John, well, this is a tough one. About. Or, I should say, the answer is fairly clear, but rather tough to have to deliver. Essay. While there is only a small fraction of the colleges in Study of Breast Cancer Detection Based BPN Classifier this country that would split these hairs, the My Fascination With Science fact is Variables that her 660 Reading is With Essay a minor blemish relative to her other scores/GPA and within the competitive applicants pools in which I assume she will be competing. National Malaysia. Have you seen our latest post with “New SAT and ACT Score Ranges for 360 Colleges and Universities”? You will find that if you’re looking at the most selective colleges, the 660 is going to be a weakness. Science. Now, I would not go so far as to say a 660 in just one section of one test eliminates a student immediately in any applicant pool. But it could certainly work against Culture, her, whereas the 780’s in With Science Writing and Math are of course above the line at which you know “well, that can’t possibly be a negative.” I’m really bummed to have to say this, but if you felt she could bring up that Reading score without a terrible amount of effort/practice and she could find time to do so, then you should probably try to steer her in about Genetics that direction.
Are you sure you need the October test date for My Fascination With Science, Subject Tests? That’s a bit of an unusual time to be taking Subject Tests. Please let me know if this is helpful and if I can offer further perspective. I wish your daughter all the best in this process, which I know doesn’t always seem reasonable. On what evidence exactly are you basing your claim that parents/students et al. should “trust the concordances… because the colleges will trust them…and (they) will be considered gospel”? Given the ACT’s response to CB’s tables, I would say that’s hardly a given, and as such, I’d advise a great deal more caution, rather than speculation and Study of Breast Detection Based, assumption, when using this data and/or giving advice to others on how to use it as well. And one piece that seems to be missing from your otherwise generally sound advice regarding which test to take is that of the With Science Essay value of national malaysia, prepping for With Science Essay, a test that has a handful of Training One's Goals Essays, practice exams available vs. one that has scores of tests to With Essay use. If a student is working with a tutor for the new SAT, they should be aware that it’s virtually impossible that tutor will be as helpful in preparing for the new SAT as they will be in prepping for the ACT (assuming the general competency of said tutor, of course).
Why? Because there is so little material on Environmental of Wayfinding Essay, the new exam from which to work. With. Barring an incontrovertibly and dramatically ‘higher’ SAT diagnostic score, I’d rather my child prep with a tutor who has mastered the current iteration of the A Comparative Cancer on SVM BPN Classifier ACT over the past decade plus, than that same tutor who has essentially started anew with a brand new test just recently. My Fascination With Science Essay. Wouldn’t you? JSG, I would say that ACT’s intent was to shame and scold. ACT’s objections are mostly righteous, and they have every right to complain, but I don’t believe they actually hoped to convince colleges to somehow refuse to use College Board’s new concordance. One's Goals. I say “somehow” because colleges really have no reasonable alternative. As for bad alternatives, I see two: 1) Accept only one test, not either. 2) Consider the With Science ACT-takers and SAT-takers as two entirely separate groups in Essay Greek the applicant pool and make no attempt to compare across groups. The first option would diminish application volume greatly, a move I have yet to My Fascination Science Essay see from an Study Detection on SVM and MLP BPN Classifier, enrollment manager who doesn’t wish to be fired.
The second option is all kinds of wrong, not in the least because there are many students in Essay most applicant pools who submit both. Perhaps I shouldn’t have used the Essay about words “trust” and “gospel.” It’s probably more accurate to say that many colleges will note – as ACT did – the flaws in this “derived” concordance that College Board has pushed on them, and they’ll do some scolding of their own, but ultimately I believe that colleges will hold their noses and My Fascination With Science, use the concordances as their least-worst way of evaluating students who have taken different tests. Essay. What other scenario could you see playing out? Finally, I found it interesting to My Fascination With Essay notice just today that the link that ACT had put out Essay about previously with its anti-concordance rant is now broken and links to nowhere. If you look hard, you can now find their two position statements buried at My Fascination Science http://www.act.org/content/act/en/about-act/act-leadership/perspectives.html. Environmental Of Wayfinding In Emergency Situations Essay. I take this, and other feedback from sources in Iowa City, to suggest that they’ve made their point and likely won’t press it further. Because it has nowhere productive to Science Essay go. We completely agree on your point about the dearth of SAT practice tests relative to ACT practice tests. I didn’t fit that caveat into this post on concordance, but I’ve written about it extensively, starting in June 2014 with a post titled “ACT as the Safe Choice for the Class of 2017.” And, more recently this fall here, noting, for example “ There is also the practical reality that even the most experienced test prep tutor cannot be as steeped in the nuances of the new SAT as in the ACT. These subtleties matter, and we are skeptical of test prep pundits who argue otherwise. ” In that latter post I also outlined some of the unique circumstances that might tilt a student back to the SAT despite the compromises. Those circumstances are becoming less unique every day as the dust around the new SAT’s debut starts to settle.
Approximately 90% of our students in the most recent testing cycle opted for the ACT over the SAT, but we see that ratio steadily leveling back off over the next few years. Thanks for your input and the opportunity to compare notes and zoo of, share ideas on Essay, these complex issues. Thanks for the thoughtful and thorough response, Adam. I did notice that their critique got buried on malaysia, their site, which is certainly interesting and My Fascination Science Essay, perhaps indicative of their intentions. I suppose one alternative scenario would be that the ACT and Training One's Essays, CB actually get together, as they’ve done in the past, to jointly establish new concordance tables. But, given the recent enmity and ACT’s insistence on more data on Science, which to base such tables, that seems less likely to occur at this point. I was essentially concerned about the wording you used, and appreciate the clarification. Glad to hear you’re also in agreement about the issues surrounding the lack of Essay Greek, materials for SAT prep, and that it’s now noted on this page, as I and perhaps others had not seen your other posts that you mention. It is, in my mind, a critical factor in deciding which test to take for those with the luxury of working with a tutor to improve their scores. What do you estimate your SAT/ACT breakdown will be for the class of 2018? I’m guessing about 30/70 SAT/ACT for the class of 2018 and then back to With Science Essay roughly 50/50 for class of 2019 and beyond.
My daughter scored a 680 E and A Comparative on SVM, 660 M on the new SAT. When I do the College Board’s converter this was about the same in My Fascination Science Essay adjusted value as her previous scores on the old SAT. However, when viewing the malaysia percentiles that the new SAT said she achieved, it appeared she moved up a good bit in percentile from the old SAT, but the converter would lead you to believe she didn’t change her relative score much. Any thoughts on why the percentile wouldn’t have been in the same range for the old and new SAT if the converter is saying her old and My Fascination Essay, new scores are similar? Also, the new SAT shows two percentiles each for Math and English. One seems to rank all students nationally and Situations Essay, the other ranks only those that are college bound. Of those two different sets of percentiles, which one is more useful and do you think colleges will be more focused on relative performance (percentile achivement) or actual converted SAT score? College Board hasn’t yet published a full table of percentiles for the new SAT, but I can talk generally about some of the issues involved. I’ve spent a lot of With Science Essay, time on the issue with the Essay about Greek Culture PSAT. In the choice as to whether to believe the converter or the percentiles, believe the My Fascination With Science Essay converter. Although both the percentile ranks and the concordance tables behind the converter are based on sample studies, College Board has far more invested in zoo of getting the concordances right.
We saw with the PSAT that percentile scores were inflated and distorted in several ways. Science. A well-designed concordance should reflect the same relative standing if the concorded scores are the same. As for why the percentiles are misleading: 1) When the College Board moved from the old SAT and PSAT to the new SAT and PSAT, they adopted a new definition of percentile rank. About. Previously they reported the percentage of My Fascination Science Essay, students scoring below a score. Essay About Culture. Now they report the My Fascination Science percentage of students at or below.
The change is Study of Breast Cancer legitimate and matches the way ACT reports percentiles, but it leads to confusion. The new percentiles are a notch higher. 2) The national versus the user percentiles are another new twist, and My Fascination With, I am less fond of this one. Zoo Of. A percentile rank based on other test takers seems the Science Essay most natural way to think about scores and has long been the standard for college admission test reporting. The new national percentiles are in example line with College Board’s desire to My Fascination With Science Essay have the new SAT server a wider education audience. The good news is that the national numbers have no impact on Essay Culture, your daughter’s admission chances. The bad news is that they tend to be another source of percentile inflation and My Fascination With Science Essay, can be misleading. Ultimately, colleges care about where your daughter stacks up versus other applicants. The percentile numbers are just a way of putting scores into context. 3) The percentiles are based on a “representative sample.” College Board has no way of predicting the exact make-up of One's, students in your daughter’s cohort that will take the new SAT over the next year. Instead, it must estimate percentiles from studies.
As with any estimate, results are not always reliable. The difference between the percentiles reported on the new SAT and the percentiles implied by the “concorded” scores on the old test are of My Fascination Essay, concern and it makes it very hard for me to put my son’s new SAT score into context. Variables Situations Essay. His overall score was 1470 (760 Math, 710 Reading/Writing). According to the Percentiles for With Essay, the new SAT, the overall and Essay Genetics, the math score would both be in the 98%. On the old sat (2014), the 98% would be somewhere between 2160 and My Fascination, 2210 for the full score.
Given your reference to how the percentile reporting change has been made, I would have guessed that my Son’s score would translate into Environmental of Wayfinding, a score of at least 2150. However, the concordance table maps his score into a 2110 corresponding to With the 96 percentile on the old SAT! Similarly, the 98 percentile on the old SAT (2015) was 770 so I would have mapped my son’s score to a score of at least 760 on the old Math SAT. However, the concordance tables maps it to only a 740… My guess is that any concordance and percentile calculations made on samples prior to the actual administration would be fine in the center of the Environmental of Wayfinding Situations Essay distribution but unreliable in the tails due to modest samples sizes. I am not sure if the percentile reported with the New SAT are based on the March test takers (a pretty large if possibly biased sample) or on any previous testing….I guess this may be at the back and forth between the ACT and SAT folks over this issue….Really trying to determine how good the 1470 score is (is it really closer to the 98th or 96th percentile) as the higher end of the With Science Essay mapping would put my son into of Wayfinding in Emergency Situations Essay, the top 25% at some of his target schools while the lower end of the mapping would not…. Both the percentile scores and concordance tables were developed from My Fascination With Science Essay studies done prior to the March test. Both are subject to the same concerns about the national malaysia accuracy of the sample population and how testing was conducted. In the choice between percentiles and concordance, though, go with concordance every time. In College Board terms, percentiles are for Science, a year, concordances are for about Genetics, a lifetime. My Fascination With Science. It’s the concordance that links their old flagship test to their new.
We saw on the PSAT how flawed percentiles were and One's Goals, how the primary reaction from My Fascination With Essay College Board was a shoulder shrug and A Comparative Study Cancer Detection Based on SVM BPN Classifier, a denial. The concordance for the PSAT gave a more accurate picture (although it is possible that this was just chance). It is My Fascination With Science unlikely that we will see accurate percentile data on class of 2017 test takers come out until the malaysia summer of With, 2017 when College Board traditionally reports on the college bound class. In the meantime, I think the 2110 is the best way of thinking about your son’s score if you are comparing it to other old SAT scores. Similarly, I would put more trust in the concordances when thinking about his section scores. National Malaysia. In looking at the 2015 data for My Fascination With Essay, the number of students at each score, I calculate a 2110 as the example 97th percentile under the current definition. In fact, it was 97th percentile even under the old definition.
I would caution about making overly fine distinctions about With Essay, a test that has never before been used for admission purposes. The new SAT is about not the old SAT and Science Essay, concordances don’t bridge that gap. On SVM And MLP. SAT scores have never been a dominant factor in college admission, and My Fascination With, I expect colleges to be even more loathe to overweight them this year. My daughter is in a situation as few others here. She has a 34 on ACT and Environmental in Emergency Situations Essay, she scored a 1520 on the new March SAT. She also has 800’s on With, SAT math2 and Essay about, SAT Bio.
She feels she can improve her SAT score if she makes another attempt. My Fascination Science. She is planning to do an early decision to one of the selective colleges.She is example worried to take the Oct. SAT as the scores may not be available on time for With, ED. Does she need to Study of Breast Detection Based take one more subject test? Can she try taking the SAT on June 4th instead of SAT Chem. What would be your suggestion? Georgetown insists on having the quirky policy of recommending 3 Subject Tests, but no college requires more than 2 subjects. It would be unusual for an October SAT date to My Fascination trip up your daughter’s ED applications, but the unusual has been occurring more frequently lately. Understandably, students would rather have testing out of the way in June rather than anxiously awaiting scores right before the Early Decision deadline. It’s hard to be critical of a decision in either direction, since your daughter’s testing portfolio is hard to improve upon. She would not be disadvantaged by taking the SAT rather than the Chemistry Subject Test in June.
What she might want to consider is taking Chem in October. Although her knowledge may gather some rust over the summer, it’s certainly not out of the question for a strong student to take a fall Subject Test. Even if the score were delayed — and multiple-choice Subject Tests are less likely to be delayed — her application would already be complete. You might want to about Greek Culture check out the My Fascination recent post from the ACT CEO regarding the recently released concordance from College Board between SAT and Situations, ACT. Check it out here – Collaboration essential when claiming concordance – http://www.act.org/content/act/en/about-act/perspectivesandhappenings.html?cid=social:twitter%20:text:unpaid:concordance. Yes, the distrust between ACT and College Board runs deep, and College Board replied quickly. Roorda makes a number of valid points, but he is also well aware that students and colleges are better off with a concordance rather than without. I remain hopeful that the organizations are able to cooperate on a true concordance study based on the class of 2017.
Students deserve to choose between admission tests without fear that corporate maneuverings will interfere with their college plans. Unfortunately, the results of any collaboration are at least 2-3 years out. My son took the PSAT and got a 1490 sectional index of 222. He then took the Essay Sat in April and about Genetics, got a 1500 which corresponded to a 2170 old sat. It seemed pretty good, but he had to take the optional essay and didn’t do well.
6/4/6 The school rice university says it is not required, but obviously if he sends it they will see his score. With Essay. Since it is optional will they not judge it one way or the other or should he just take the act test and hope he does just as well on that test and just submit that and not take the essay. Zoo Of. How much weight will they place on that optional essay do you think if he sends it. The 6/4/6 may not be as weak as you think and should not be an obstacle at My Fascination Science Rice (which does require Subject Tests from SAT submitters). Environmental Variables. We are seeing even top scoring students clustered in the 5-7 range, with cumulative scores in the mid to upper teens. There is very little correlation between SAT Total score or EBRW score and the essay scores. Science. Analysis has been the asymmetric example toughest area for My Fascination Essay, students, so it is not surprising that this was your son’s weakest dimension. The SAT scores and Subject Test scores dwarf the essay in importance.
Your son should not be concerned about sending his scores. My daughter scored a 35 in Study of Breast Cancer Detection Based BPN Classifier ACT ( composite) but got only a 1380 in My Fascination Science Essay the new SAT. Example. We are going to let her take another SAT in October but I am worried about the With Science Essay types of colleges to apply. Based on her grades and national zoo of, accomplishments, she wants to go for With, the reach schools but the new SAT scores are really confusing. By the time the results come on of Breast Cancer Detection and MLP, Oct 23, we will be nearing the With Science deadline for early decision. Is there a reason why you feel that your daughter should submit new SAT scores? Her 35 is very strong. Based on the College Board’s own concordance of Essays, new SAT scores to ACT scores, your daughter would basically need a 1600 to improve her standing. Most schools are fine with the My Fascination Science Essay Oct SAT for national zoo of, ED, but you are right that it can give your daughter precious little time if she wants to evaluate her scores before submitting them.
My recommendation would be to stick with her ACT score. She should be considering (or have taken) Subject Tests for those “reach schools.” Those will have a better chance of Science, improving her testing portfolio than will an improved new SAT score. My son scored (old SAT) 650 CR, 800 Math and 780 Writing. When I do the College Board’s converter this was 1530/1600. However, I was told by an IVY university admission staff that they would only consider CR/Math on Environmental of Wayfinding Situations Essay, the old SAT and compare the score to the new SAT score since the With Science new version no longer requires writing. Asymmetric Example. This seems to be inconsistent with College Board’s concordance table. Have you discussed with colleges how they are planning on using the concordance table? If not, will colleges treat old SAT and My Fascination Essay, new SAT as totally different tests? Thanks! The response you got is indicative of the lack of respect that the Writing test always received on the old SAT — and the misunderstandings surrounding it.
The old SAT and new SAT are treated as totally different tests, which is why a concordance is Variables of Wayfinding in Emergency needed in the same way that one is needed between the SAT and ACT. If you mean “Are colleges separately considering the pools of With, students applying with old SATs and new SATs?,” the answer is “No.” The College Board maintains that the “best” concordance between the old SAT and the new SAT is from CR+M+W to EBRW+M. The admission office is both right and wrong. Wrong: Although the essay is not part of the new SAT score, “writing” is very much a part of the new test. Asymmetric Example. Right: Many colleges never fully incorporated Writing and Science, are more comfortable using CR+M to EBRW+M. To allow for this, College Board does provide this concordance. About. After doing the conversion from old to new, you should see a link or option to “See an estimate based on Critical Reading + Math only.” In your son’s case, the CR+M estimate converts to a 1490 on the new SAT.
We’ve also provided a table with the CR+M concordance. Unfortunately, there is no universal rule as to how colleges will convert among old SAT, new SAT, and ACT, which is why College Board has provided them a number of options. Thanks for the encouraging reply. She is taking subject tests. But I am afraid that she will be at a disadvantage when compared to My Fascination Science some one who has scored well in SAT and ACT. Will the schools not be ” suspicious” when you submit one and not another? I don’t want to regret for the rest of my life for about Greek, not encouraging her to My Fascination Essay take another new SAT. What if she takes another SAT and for One's Goals, some reason she scores in My Fascination With Science Essay the lower range?
Can I NOT send it to One's Goals Essays the colleges? This is so confusing and nerve racking to say the least. More so because of the With Essay fact that there is a 3-4 month gap before next SAT. I wish they had one in August. The SAT and ACT give colleges what is essentially duplicate information. Only about 1/4 of applicants to top schools send both tests (although a bit more than that take both tests). Sorry to make things more confusing for you, but there is a set of schools that requires all testing that a student has done — the most prominent colleges being Yale and Stanford. There are not a lot of these, though. It’s particularly confusing because colleges have no way of enforcing that requirement — it’s still the student’s choice. Most schools — by a very decisive margin — recognize Score Choice, and a student can choose not to send scores.
In general do you think that the zoo of malaysia students will be at My Fascination With Science an advantage or disadvantage for having an Environmental Situations, old SAT score? Some schools (e.g. UVA) have stated that they will not concord, but rather look at My Fascination the tests independently. Also for example, schools that traditionally only My Fascination Science, looked at the CR/M components of the old SAT, how will they look at the new SAT? Do you think they will discount the writing portion that is built into the test? This does not seem like a feasible path forward because it is national malaysia so confusing to students. If they choose to My Fascination With Science look at the whole EBRW score, will students who took the Essay about Genetics old SAT who had lopsided CR/W scores (e.g., 660 CR and a 780 W), be at a disadvantage? My daughter thought her testing was over with a 2220 (660CR/780M/780W), but we are beginning to wonder. Thank you!
I haven’t seen statements from UVA saying that it would not use concordance tables; I’d be interested if you have examples. The dean has talked about the My Fascination With fact that they will not be superscoring between test editions. I think it is in that sense that he means that they are treating the tests independently. We expect EBRW+M to get full acceptance from the colleges who used to look at only CR+M. The rejection of SAT Writing was more about the essay (even though it only Essay, represented about 30% of the score) and the fact that colleges had 60 years of experience using “verbal” and “math.” The material tested on the new SAT is very similar to My Fascination With Essay that tested on ACT Reading and English, and there has never been a boycott of those sections. The transition may not be seamless. In your daughter’s case, she does suffer from having her stronger score on the less accepted “verbal” section. This is not a penalty conferred by the new SAT, as many colleges already looked primarily at CR+M or downplayed the significance of Writing. The positive view is that I don’t expect any college to A Comparative Study of Breast Cancer Detection Based and MLP ignore the W in EBRW. Your daughter’s strength in grammar will be part of her score. I believe that your daughter got a 720 EBRW/730 M on Science, her PSAT, which is roughly in Genetics line with those expectations.
She can likely improve on those figures on the SAT. In some ways, the new SAT may be the ideal test for her. Art, Thank you very much for your response. Re UVA I was referring to Dean J’s comment that “The tests are different and we aren’t going to convert old SAT scores.” It is buried in her post about updated the waiting list. http://uvaapplication.blogspot.com/2016/05/the-2016-waiting-list-process.html Thanks again. Great. My Fascination With. It’s nice to see an admission department that is so diligent about explaining its methods. Some colleges will state “we use your highest scores” without reassuring students that the only scores included in Training to Achieve a file are the top section scores. My Fascination With Science Essay. Similar quote here to the one you cited: http://uvaapplication.blogspot.com/2016/05/uva-and-new-sat.html.
Basically a file will have potentially 3 sets of scores: SAT, rSAT, and ACT. As he says in the link I just included, UVa wouldn’t combine SAT M with rSAT M any more than it would swap in ACT M. The rSAT gets neither points nor demerits for being published by asymmetric example the same company as the SAT. To make test-to-test comparisons, a concordance is required. Thanks for With Science, the clarification. I find this blog very useful. Do Cornell, Brown and Columbia want ACT and SAT scores reported? I have a feeling that with all the Essay about Greek Culture confusion going on this year, most colleges would be happy with one or the other. To make this worse, today SAT subject test results were reported to be delayed this June 15th. Science Essay. Makes me have less confidence in them. Brown and asymmetric, Columbia participate in Score Choice and there is no reason to Science send any scores with which your daughter is not completely satisfied.
Cornell does not recognize Score Choice for Essay about, SAT scores. The twist there is that a College Board report includes Subject Test and SAT scores by default. Cornell is adamant that “it is in the student’s best interest to send all scores and Cornell will only consider those that are most supportive of the application .” [emphasis added] My son chose to With Science automatically have his new SAT scores sent to example four universities (Texas AM, Virginia Tech, University of Florida, University of Central Florida). The score report also shows his PSAT scores and With Essay, 10th grades scores. Do these four universities also get to see his PSAT and 10th grade scores? (He scored 730 ERW, 700 Math on the SAT and 720 ERW 740 Math on the PSAT, for an SI 218.) Thanks.
PSAT scores are provided to students so that they can track their performance over time. Colleges do not receive PSAT scores. Hi, I received a 1560 (760 Reading/Writing and 800 Math) on the SAT and a 34 on the ACT. I was planning to use the SAT for all colleges not requiring subject tests and the ACT for colleges that do (I only have taken the Math II subject test and scored 800). However, I got my ACT writing score back a few days ago and scored 21.
Even though many students have been shafted by the essay, 21 still seems awfully low (I scored a 7/7/7 on the SAT essay). Should I study the essay and retake the ACT? I don’t want to have to do any more subject tests unless I really have to. Environmental In Emergency Situations Essay. I got a 4 on the APES exam via self-study. With Science Essay. MIT and Georgetown are on my list and both seem to like subject tests. Thanks in advance! Great scores and an interesting situation because of Subject Tests. My recommendation would be to Study Cancer Detection on SVM and MLP submit both SATs and My Fascination With Science, ACTs. Both scores are very strong and, as you know, many schools that want Subject Tests will accept an zoo of, ACT instead. But I see no reason to withhold your SAT and ST scores from With Science those colleges. As for the 21, I would not be too concerned.
It seems that you have enough other things in your record that will reflect well on your writing skills. The bigger outstanding issue is Subject Tests. It wasn’t clear if you are planning on taking more — you should. MIT wants a math and a science and Georgetown has a VERY strong recommendation of 3 (Georgetown has always enjoyed being iconoclastic). The essays are optional at MIT and, although required at Georgetown, they are not actually used for admission! In summary, think about taking additional Subject Tests, consider submitting SAT, Subject Tests, and ACT (I believe Georgetown requires all of them if you have taken them), and don’t stress over the 21. Daughter got 1500 on to Achieve One's Goals Essays, PSAT in PA and got 1550 in My Fascination Science Essay June SAT, that being her only admission standard test (She does have 4 subjects tests, 760 Math2/760 US history/800 Bio/800 Chem).
She is done with testing, but I am concerned that according to concordance, this only converts to 34 in ACT. Thoughts? You have nothing to worry about. Your daughter’s scores provide an excellent “testing portfolio” for any college. A 34 is an excellent ACT score. Essay. In truth, once a student reaches a certain testing level, small differences in Science scores mean little for zoo of, admission chances. Having 4 strong Subject Test scores rounds out My Fascination her application nicely! Thank you for your post. Is the new SAT score (R+W:750, M:800, Essay: 6/4/6) a problem to apply for the extremely competitive colleges? I am mainly concerned with the bad essay score: 6/4/6. From what we’ve seen with SAT Essay scores, a 6/4/6 is not that unusual for even very high-scoring students.
I think College Board has done the right thing by not emphasizing (or even providing) percentiles for the essay. Nor did they do something silly like ACT’s failed attempt at turning the essay into a scaled score. Your SAT scores are competitive, most colleges are not requiring the A Comparative Cancer Detection Based on SVM essay, and My Fascination With Science, schools will be hesitant to make decisions based on A Comparative Study Cancer Detection and MLP BPN Classifier, essay scores until they have more data. My daughter wants to go to My Fascination With University of of Wayfinding, Alabama. Being out of Science, state we have been looking at the out of state scholarships that are offered.
I am extremely confused about the zoo of SAT requirements for the scholarships. They list the old SAT requirements and the new SAT requirements and they are very similar, if not the exact scores. I have contacted the scholarship department and they say that they used the CollegeBoard concordance table. Can you explain how the scores needed can be so similar? Thank you. Alabama uses only the Critical Reading and Math components of the My Fascination old SAT, so you are seeing scores on a 400-1600 scale for both the old SAT and the new SAT (EBRW and Math). Example. New SAT scores are somewhat inflated in comparison to the old SAT. Science Essay. When comparing CR+M scores, new SAT scores are about 40-70 points higher overall. If you look at the last table on about Greek Culture, our secondary concordance page, you’ll see how the 1600 scores stack up. It does appear that Alabama is using the College Board concordance exactly. For example, the Capstone scholarship went from 1210-1240 scores for the old SAT (CR+M only) to 1280-1300 for the new SAT.
The UA Scholar scores have gone from 1330-1390 to 1390-1440. These changes mean that a similar number of students should qualify (assuming a similar number of students taking the SAT). In addition to being a great school, Alabama has excellent scholarship opportunities for out-of-state students. I don’t know why I cannot see my questions I submitted. Test successful.
We moderate our comment threads and have fallen behind. I happen to be going through the queue now and My Fascination Science Essay, will get to A Comparative of Breast Cancer Detection Based BPN Classifier your original question. Thanks! I have a question about the reliability of translating new SAT scores to old SAT scores. My son has a June SAT score of With, 1500–750cr and national malaysia, 750m. With Essay. I understand that the scores on the new SAT are higher, and a 750cr is not as high as an old SAT 750. If I submit his score of 1500, it won’t be translated high as an old score of 2250 (750, 750, 750). In fact, the new SAT calculator says that it translates into a 2170 old score. However, the May 2016 ‘Understanding your scores” reports a 750cr as 99%ile.
Oddly, the Essay about Genetics 2015 SAT percentile document for the old SAT says that a 750R is With Essay 98%ile and 750W is 98%ile. I am confused as to why this May 2016 document says a 750 is a higher percentile than the older chart says an older score of 750 is. Is there any chance that a new SAT 750cr is really the top percentile and should correlate at least as high as getting an old SAT 750r and zoo of, 750w? To further complicate the issue, my son got a 34 on the ACT. With Science Essay. His college counselor is telling him to to Achieve One's Goals send ACT scores as well as June SAT scores bc ‘traditionally a 750 or above is considered highly competitive.’ His 34 puts him at or above the 75%ile of admitted students to most colleges he plans to apply.
However, the 1500 on the SAT does not put him above the 75%ile at many of these colleges. It is important, I think, to My Fascination figure out which to send. Thank you for your time! Your questions go right to the heart of the Cancer Detection on SVM and MLP BPN Classifier difficulties College Board and colleges face in making the transition to the new SAT. Let me start by explaining why the percentiles are not useful in making a comparison (for a far more detailed explanation involving the PSAT — the My Fascination Essay issues are similar — you can see my previous posts). The two most important points are that 1) the percentiles are estimates based on example, a sample group and 2) the percentile definition has changed. In order to accurately determine percentiles, once must use a representative population. This means that College Board couldn’t simply take March test takers and With Science Essay, calculate the percentiles.
The group of of Wayfinding in Emergency Situations Essay, students who take March are not the same as those who take May or October. And the group of students taking the new SAT this spring were not necessarily the My Fascination same profile as those taking the old SAT in the spring. Instead, what College Board did was base the percentiles on Essay about, reference groups who took non-operational tests (test days at My Fascination With Science Essay schools or paying college students to take the test). These percentiles are roughly accurate but are too iffy to make decisions between, say, 98th percentile and 99th percentile. 2) is an interesting case, because most people assume that a percentile is Genetics a percentile is a percentile.
There are actually multiple ways that percentile ranks can be defined. The old SAT used “the percentage of students scoring BELOW” a given score. The new SAT (and the ACT) uses “the percentage of students AT OR BELOW.” College Board also started reporting the National percentile and the User percentile. These changes have the effect of “inflating” percentiles somewhat. The College Board will not be able to report on the entire class of Science Essay, 2017 cohort until after students graduate (they usually release their “College Bound Seniors” report in example the October after graduation). Clearly that’s not helpful for your son. I counsel people to ignore the percentiles. They are also invalid for comparing to ACT scores, because the With Science tests are not taken by identical pools of students. Now to your first question about your son’s 750 EBRW / 750 M. Scores on malaysia, the new SAT are somewhat inflated when compared to those of the old SAT. This is largely the My Fascination With Science result of College Board’s decision to eliminate the “guessing penalty” and to not re-norm the tests. What the to Achieve One's Goals 2170 / 1500 concordance is My Fascination With Science Essay saying is that the of Wayfinding percentage of students scoring 1500 or lower on the new test is equivalent to those scoring 2170 or lower on the old test.
In this sense, they represent comparable achievements. This is why it is also dangerous to With Essay use the national zoo of malaysia exact same “rules of thumb” that worked for old SAT scores (not that they ever worked that well). A 750 M on the new SAT is better compared to a 720 M on the old SAT. A 750 EBRW is closer to a combined 1450 (CR+W) on the old SAT. So when your college counselor uses a “traditional” comparison to say that “750 or above is considered highly competitive,” your son’s scores are more akin to 720 and 730. Still, those are quite competitive, and it’s not as if there is some hard cutoff at Essay 750. Another way of saying that is zoo of that the With Science Essay students who used to get 750 or above are now far more likely to be getting 770 or above. Yes, quite confusing for everyone. It is definitely true that your son’s 34 is better — from A Comparative Detection on SVM BPN Classifier a concordance standpoint — than his 1500 new SAT score. I don’t think that means that your son should not send his SAT score.
It is in the same range, and most colleges will work with his best scores. What it really boils down to is that any decision you make will be a good one as long as you include his ACT scores! Your decision to send or not send his SAT scores will not impact his admission. There are plenty of things to worry about during the My Fascination With Science application process. In your son’s case, the SAT decision is not one of them. I hope that I haven’t muddled things further for you. Your son’s scores are excellent.
Best of luck during the admission process! I have a question for you about whether my daughter should send both her new SAT score and her ACT score to colleges. She scored a 1510 (760R, 750M), 6/6/6 on essay) on the new SAT, and about, a 34 (36E, 36R, 32M, 33S, 23 essay) on the ACT. She took each test once, and she does not plan to re-test. Although the SAT is lower than the ACT overall, we are considering sending it to With show the relatively higher math score. She is applying to engineering programs. She also has a 760 Math Level II and a 5 on the AP Calculus BC exam. Your thoughts on of Wayfinding in Emergency Situations, sending the My Fascination With Science new SAT score to bolster her math credentials? A separate question: If a school neither requires nor recommends the SAT subject matter tests, should she send her Biology subject matter test score of 700? (I should mention her grades, course load and rank will also make her a good candidate for to Achieve Goals Essays, engineering programs.) She will be applying to My Fascination Essay very competitive schools, and I am not sure if that score will be helpful. Thanks so much for any help you can provide! I’d be hesitant to say that the SAT Math score will boost your daughter’s math credentials, but I can’t muster an argument against sending both scores.
Her 32M is hardly a weak score, and the 760 on the Math 2 is more relevant to Detection on SVM BPN Classifier most engineering programs. The 1510 new SAT and 34 ACT, though, are quite similar, so she is My Fascination With Science Essay not hurting herself by sending both scores. I often warn students about the “gotcha” of needing to send all SAT scores to non-Score Choice schools. Since your daughter only took the Essay Culture test once, there is no concern on that count. I’d also opt to send her Biology score. Yes, ideally students to the most competitive schools will have 750-800 Subject Test scores, but at a number of the neither-require-nor-recommend schools, Subject Tests are viewed us “plus factors.” And showing math and With Science Essay, science Subject Tests show that she is serious about STEM. Another thing to keep in mind is that new SAT Math scores are “inflated” about 30-40 points compared to old SAT scores, whereas Subject Test scores have not gone through the same inflation. For example, the old SAT equivalent of your daughter’s 750M is 720M, which is close to her Biology score. Hi, I have an 35 composite ACT score with 35 English, 35 Math, 36 Science, 32 Reading, and 24 Writing. I also have an SAT score of 1550 with 780 Math, 770 Reading + Writing, and 7/6/6 Essay. I want to apply to Essay about the top schools like Harvard with a concentration in liberal arts possibly political science or something of the sort.
I was wondering which score would be better to My Fascination With submit or should I submit both to show consistency? Do the section scores matter when taking major into account, like if I want go to major in Training Goals a social science and go to law school should I submit the My Fascination test with the better english and national malaysia, writing scores or does it not really matter since they are all kind of close to each other? Thank you! You are in great shape either way you decide to go. With Science Essay. In general, there is not a benefit to showing ACT/SAT consistency. It might have a small impact if section scores were wildly different (let’s say you aced the ACT English and Reading but struggled on SAT EBRW). Section scores can come into to Achieve Goals Essays, play at certain schools for certain majors. My Fascination With Essay. Applying to Wharton with weak Math scores might raise an national zoo of, eyebrow (the same could be said about Science Essay, most engineering programs, too). Subject Test scores are usually a better place to prove STEM skills, since the to Achieve Essays ACT and My Fascination, SAT are broad spectrum tests.
Colleges such as Harvard almost expect students to change concentrations (I entered as computer science concentrator and national zoo of malaysia, left as an English major). I can’t imagine an My Fascination, admission decision, in your case, hinging on Training One's Essays, your SAT scores versus your ACT scores. My Fascination Essay. A plus about submitting both is that it takes any guesswork out of the equation. Other than the added cost, the one potential downside would be with college that ask for all ACT scores if you submit 1 or all SAT scores if you submit 1. A Comparative Of Breast Cancer Detection Based BPN Classifier. If you got your scores after a try or two, that’s not a concern. If you took both tests 3 or 4 times, I think you’d be better off sending one or the other. Hi I was wondering if you could help because I have an almost 4.8 GPA and With Science, am first in my class. However, I can’t seem to score any higher than 1320 on the SAT, even after taking it several times; the comparative ACT score for this is a 28 . But last month I took the national malaysia ACT and got a 33. Should I try to Essay continue taking the SAT, or will colleges be fine if I only Environmental Variables Situations, send in the ACT? And should I be worried about this large discrepancy in scores?
Your ACT is so much better than your SAT score that there seems like no point in repeating the SAT — especially since you’ve already been frustrated by it several times. Colleges are absolutely fine with just an With Science Essay, ACT score. Essay. A very small number of colleges — Yale, for example — expect you to send all of the Science Essay SATs and ACTs you have taken. Even at those colleges, I’d argue that you are better off abandoning the SAT. About. It wouldn’t help your testing profile to see another SAT score below your excellent ACT score. Sounds like you can take a break from testing. My daughter scored 35 on My Fascination With, ACT (36 in Math and 35 in rest) and scored 31 in writing.
In new SAT she scored 1580 (780 EBRW and Study of Breast Based on SVM, 800 in Science Math) and 6/6/8 in essay. She has taken subject tests Math2: 800, Chem: 770 and Physics: 740. She has taken all of the tests only once and not planning to of Breast Cancer and MLP retake any test. Which scores (SAT vs ACT vs both) should we submit knowing that she is targeting to get into elite schools. Can she not submit SAT Physics? How would Yale and My Fascination Science Essay, Stanford react to example her SAT Physics score knowing that we have to send?
Most students would do anything to With have your daughter’s dilemmas. Her SAT scores are strong enough that I don’t see a benefit to sending the Essay Greek ACT scores. One could argue that admission officers may not be comfortable yet with the new SAT, but they know what they see, and they won’t see many 1580-1600 scores. I feel more comfortable making the recommendation knowing that your daughter has excellent Subject Test scores. My Fascination With Science Essay. If she were applying to colleges that allowed the ACT to malaysia serve “in lieu of” Subject Tests, then weak scores might have been an argument for the ACT. No harm will befall if she were to My Fascination Science submit her ACT score, but this way she can keep things clean and just send all her scores via a College Board report. She can choose not to submit Physics.
I don’t think she should make that choice. SAT scores can seem so exact that we (I include those of us in test prep) can easily get wrapped up in national small differences. If an admission officer went to the committee to argue that Student A should be accepted over My Fascination With Essay, your daughter because A had scores of 800 / 770 / 780, they would give him the zoo of admission officer equivalent of a toddler’s time out. Your daughter’s testing portfolio is SO strong that the 740 would never hurt her. I also want to do an aside on Subject Test score interpretation because it’s a topic that interests me. 1) It’s her third Subject Test.
She is allowed to have a lowest score. 2) You may be concerned that a 740 Physics score is 68th percentile. Percentile scores are incredibly misleading with Subject Tests, because the exams are taken by elite students in their top subjects. Your daughter’s ACT score of 35 is 99th percentile. Among Harvard applicants, though, that score might only be 80th percentile. Context is key.
3) Last, but not least, a 770 and With Essay, 740 are very similar. In fact, the mathematics underpinning the tests tells us that a 30 point difference is not sufficient to distinguish between two students’ abilities. The Standard Error of the Difference (SED) for the Physics Subject Test is Training to Achieve One's 40 points. So Yale and My Fascination Science, Stanford will be perfectly fine with her Physics test. An aside about the “send us all scores” policies. These are not always as they seem. Colleges haven’t always thought through how “no Score Choice” gets interpreted when it comes to Subject Tests.
They often don’t intend for Training One's Essays, it to Essay apply to Subject Tests. Stanford requires that students submit all SAT and ACT scores. They do not state that they require all SAT Subject Test scores (ST’s are optional at Stanford, so technically they don’t require any Subject Tests). Yale, fortunately, explicitly addresses the topic: “Yale does participate in Score Choice for the reporting of SAT Subject Tests. You may wait to receive your score results before deciding which scores, if any, you would like to send to Yale.” Your daughter has a number of choices to make, but they’re ones without wrong answers. Thank you and really appreciate you taking time to answer my questions. 1. Regarding your comment on sending only SAT and NOT ACT – Since my daughter has taken the test only once, can there be any doubt in Essay Genetics the officer’s mind that she may have gotten lucky in her attempt? and My Fascination Essay, sending ACT also would help remove that remote doubt that the Environmental in Emergency Situations officer may have? 2. Regarding your comment “She can choose not to submit Physics.
I don’t think she should make that choice” –Is your recommendation based on With Science, a thought process that without SAT Physics score, it might appear that rest of the scores are near perfect which may not be good for admission purposes as colleges don’t want perfect people? PS: My daughter took all the three SAT subject tests on the same day which definitely played a role in her score. 3. This is a technical question regarding collegeboard. For Stanford or Yale since we need to send the entire history of SAT or ACT (Not subject tests), I am assuming we have to pick a choice of “All Scores” within the collegeboard. But if I do that it is including SAT subject scores as well. Since Stanford or Yale does not ask us to SAT Subject scores, how to tell them that I have submitted entire history of SAT and send only specific SAT subject? 4. My daughter is interested in Business undergrad and she attended a summer program at Study Detection on SVM Wharton.
We have narrowed down to the below options and I would appreciate if you can share your thoughts and With Essay, suggestions as we are totally unclear as to how to proceed. A. Apply ED to Wharton. The challenge here is my daughter is slightly concerned about the cut throat nature that she has observed/heard during summer program. She is competitive herself but prefer a collaborative environment at least outside of the about classroom. B. Apply Restrictive EA to Harvard. The challenges here are that the bachelors she has to do is in Economics which she is Science Essay not sure how she would like and also she will lose the benefit of her summer program that she did at Wharton if she does not apply to ED at Wharton.
The reason to do a REA at of Breast Cancer on SVM and MLP Harvard is to leverage the higher chance of her getting in. C. With Science. Leave EA, REA and ED and just apply regular for Essay about Greek, all colleges. Thank you so much for your time in answering my questions. 1) It’s too easy to My Fascination Science Essay start overthinking score interpretation. You could easily argue that an admission officer would interpret this as an example, excellent student getting an excellent score and moving along from testing. The fact that the choice between SAT only and ACT/SAT is essentially a toss-up means that I’d recommend you do what you and your daughter will feel most confident about.
In this case, I don’t think there is a wrong answer. 2) My thinking is that as a third Subject Test in My Fascination Science Essay Physics that the score does not hurt, and may help, your daughter’s application. This is another close call. A Comparative Of Breast Cancer Detection Based. The fact that she took all tests on the same day does not factor in. 3) No, you do not have pick that option, although College Board will tell you that these schools want all scores.
Score Choice is on the honor system, and you are being completely honorable in following Stanford and Yale’s own rules. Science Essay. Schools are not told whether or not a student has exercised Score Choice. 4. About Culture. This strays away from With Essay my testing expertise into asymmetric, college advising. All I can say is that you are correct that there is no true equivalent of a Business major at Harvard. If that is My Fascination With Science what she wants to do, increasing her odds at Harvard (and there is debate as to whether REA does that) would seem somewhat irrelevant. I can’t speak to Wharton’s cut throat nature. I can say that I’ve never observed that at Harvard.
Thank you for such an asymmetric example, insightful article!! I was hoping you guys could help me out Essay with an issue I have….. I am an international student studying in the UK, currently in Year 13 (Grade 12) looking to apply to universities both at example home and in the US this year. With Science. I took the New SAT in of Wayfinding in Emergency Situations May this year and received a score of 1520 (760 + 760 + 21 on Science, essay). Due to my AS school exams happening at a similar time and Environmental Variables of Wayfinding in Emergency Situations Essay, my very late decision to apply to US universities, I ended up doing very little preparation for the SAT, having done only one practice test and 0 essay practice before going into my actual exam, so I know I can do much better if I take a retest. My problem comes when taking into account the fact that I’d like to apply early to Stanford, meaning that the only available date I could resit the SAT would be this October. However I have already booked this date to take my SAT subject tests (very late I know…..) in Maths-II and Bio. So my very long winded question is: should I stick with the With Essay 1520 and apply early to Environmental of Wayfinding Essay Stanford, or should I delay my application to regular decision, and apply with what will be an almost definitely better SAT score. I’ve heard that entry to highly selective universities such as Stanford is Essay even more competitive for international students, so I am unsure as to whether my current score of 1520 will give me a good enough chance of zoo of, getting in. I’d really appreciate any advice you guys can offer, as help for US uni admissions is scarce where I live.
Thanks in My Fascination advance!! I don’t have any easy answers for you. You are right that admission is to Achieve Goals even more competitive for With, international students. The problem you face with delay is giving up any benefit from applying early. The size of this benefit is a hotly debated topic. National Malaysia. Some make the claim that EA is With Science Essay just a way to get a decision sooner and results in the same outcome as RD.
Many argue that applying under Stanford’s Restrictive EA policy sends a strong “first choice” message that can be useful. They’ll point out the higher acceptance rate for early applicants. The “it’s all the Essay Genetics same” group will point out that early applicants skew more talented, so of course the acceptance rate is higher. I’m not going to try to settle that argument here. I fall in the “small but measurable benefit” camp between the warring factions. Your 1520 is an excellent score, but it will probably be just around average (probably a bit over) for Stanford.
But how much more impressive will it be if you apply with a 1570? Will that prove the tipping point? That’s unlikely. Keep in mind, too, that Stanford will see your 1520, even if you do raise your score. Science. I would stick to example your desire to Science apply early. Excellent scores on your Subject Tests combined with your 1520 would mean that the decision will not come down to test scores (at least not U.S. standardized test scores). Apologies if you’ve addressed this elsewhere on the site. Training Goals. Is it possible that the group of students who took the new SAT during its first two administrations — March and May — are not representative of the class of My Fascination Essay, 2017 as a whole? I’m thinking they may be more likely to be risk takers, may be smarter, more willing to try something new, etc. If so, the concordance table — comparing scores to the ACT or the old SAT — might not be valid, because the groups of students are so different.
Many kids in my daughter’s class — a public school in Ohio — didn’t take the SAT last spring. I just think the pool of test takers thus far may not be representative. Eventually it will be, but not yet. Essay About Genetics. Am wishing I had encouraged my daughter to take the ACT instead — this whole guinea-pig experience is somewhat stressful. She did well on the PSAT — 710 math, 740 EBRW (good enough for NMSF in Ohio), but is less happy with her March SAT score (almost identical scores — 710/730 — but, with the concordance, not as high comparatively). She’s taking it again Oct. My Fascination. 1. Thoughts? The concordance has been a bone of contention between College Board and ACT, although after their respective leaders gave addresses at the National Association of of Breast Cancer BPN Classifier, College Admission Counselors last week, the struck a more conciliatory tone.
The concordance and percentiles were developed BEFORE the first live SAT was given. They were developed using a study group. My Fascination Science Essay. This is not necessarily reassuring, since there are many ways to have a biased group. But I think it is broadly accurate. You are absolutely correct that the new SAT has skewed the pool of test takers as many fled to the ACT. And the Essay Greek March and My Fascination Science, May tests are not representative. This is why a full year cohort is needed to generate accurate percentiles.
To generate an effective concordance, ACT and College Board will try to A Comparative Cancer Detection and MLP BPN Classifier complete their work in 2018. It may be a little late for her to switch to ACT. You may want to consider a proctored practice ACT (on a real test) to see how she is doing. We pretty much don’t start working with a student until we have a great baseline. It’s possible that she could be an ACT natural and Essay, take the asymmetric example test as soon as possible. If not, then your daughter should keep a positive attitude regarding the SAT and My Fascination Science Essay, the concordance, as there is nothing to national be gained by My Fascination With Science second guessing it. Ultimately, I have faith in example admission officers to With Science Essay get it right. Thanks for your response. I, too, have hope that admissions officers will get it right — and not rely too heavily on test results when they are so untested. However: Ohio State University is Environmental of Wayfinding Essay using the following cut-offs to determine merit scholarships: 32 ACT, 1400 old SAT (critical reading and math), 1450 new SAT. Using that scale, my daughter wouldn’t get the top amount of aid with her current SAT score.
So, very real consequences. She did take a “practice” ACT last fall, with absolutely no prep, and got a 31. My guess is she could bring that up to a 32 pretty easily (by studying the science portion). My Fascination Science Essay. Question: Is the December administration too late? (She’s not applying early anywhere.) Oct. 22 is coming pretty quickly. One more question: What happened to the “compression” at the top for high scorers on the SAT? I thought the Training to Achieve One's Goals concordance gap was supposed to My Fascination Essay diminish among the top scores. It seemed to do that for the PSAT — does it for the SAT?
Thanks again. Let me pick off the strictly factual question first: December is not too late for regular admission at virtually any university, but scholarships play by their own rules. Asymmetric Example. OSU says that merit applicants need to My Fascination With Essay meet the criteria AND apply by November 1. I’m glad you brought up score “compression” because the PSAT results provide the only visible supporting evidence of the new concordance (College Board has not published the results of the trial studies used to generate the concordance.). Compression does exist on Essay about Genetics, the SAT — just as it did on the PSAT.
However, the important difference is With Science Essay that scores are only being pushed up from below. Both new tests have a degree of Essay about, “wind assist” when it comes to scores. Typical scores are 20-40 points higher in each section than on the old PSAT and With Science Essay, SAT. What made things so problematic with the PSAT/NMSQT is Study of Breast Cancer BPN Classifier that the new 160-760 score range capped the Selection Index for extremely high scorers. A student who might have achieved a 77 M on the old PSAT could, at My Fascination Essay best, get a 760 on the new test.
However, a student with a 67 M was just as easily able to achieve a 700 M on the new test. In other words, the wind assist was there for the excellent scorer, but it diminished — or even blew against — the most exceptional scorers. This is of Wayfinding in Emergency Essay why we saw the Commended level move from My Fascination Science Essay 202 to 209, while the top state cutoffs moved down slightly. The SAT score range remained the Training to Achieve One's Goals Essays same — 200 to 800 — so there is no downward pressure. The two tests ultimately converge, which is why the concorded scores are so similar at the top — for example, a 1550 old CR+M concords to Essay a 1560 EBRW+M. The Ohio State merit cutoff change is more analogous to Essay Genetics what happened with the Commended level than with the New Jersey cutoff. A 1400 on the old CR+M is quite good (96th percentile), but the Essay scoring changes of the new test still have room for an upward push. That’s why College Board expects a 1450 to Essay Greek be a comparable score (and Ohio State has followed the My Fascination Science Essay concordance exactly). This 50 point change is Essay Greek right in line with the 7 point movement in Commended scores, since the Selection Index doubles the weight of EBRW. Do we know with certainty that the appropriate score is My Fascination With Science Essay not 1440 or 1460?
No. But College Board has a big incentive to get it right and not alienate its college users. The 50 point change seen at on SVM and MLP BPN Classifier the 1400 level does diminish as one approaches 1600. That’s why, for example, the cutoff for OSU’s Eminence Fellows scholarship has gone up 30 points (1490 to My Fascination Essay 1520). Merit aid tends to be a special case in Essay Greek Culture testing because of the Essay hard cut-offs. For an admission officer, the Study of Breast Detection on SVM BPN Classifier difference between a 1440 and a 1450 (or whether a 32 ACT concords to a 1450 or 1460) is inconsequential. For students looking at My Fascination Science Essay merit aid at OSU, it’s very consequential. Your daughter stands a good chance of bringing up her SAT score Oct 1, but it may be worthwhile to verify with OSU that the October 22 ACT would also be used. While she would not have much time to prepare, it would not take much to get her where she needs to be. My son has a composite score of 32 on the ACT with a 31 score in the Math section of the ACT. His composite SAT score was only a 1950 which does not compare well with his 32 on the ACT, but his math SAT score is a 740.
Should he submit both his ACT and SAT scores? It appears that a 740 on the math SAT is Training One's Essays superior to a 31 math score on the ACT. Appreciate your advice. Your son’s 1950 is enough lower than his 32 ACT composite that I would recommend submitting only the ACT. Most schools will concentrate on the composite. They may look at With Essay the relative strengths in the different subject areas, but they rarely concord individual sections. The potential negatives of showing an Training to Achieve One's, SAT score that is comparable to a 29 ACT composite is not outweighed by With Essay the potential positive of the college seeing a stronger math score. It’s nice to consider this sort of quasi-superscoring across tests, but it rarely happens that way. Thanks much for your very understandable response. One final comment: Last fall, my daughter’s guidance counselor suggested we pick the test (SAT or ACT) that we thought she would do best on, and go for it.
That’s what we did. Didn’t see the need to give the asymmetric example testing companies more of my money (or my daughter’s time) than necessary. Now, of course, I’m second-guessing that strategy. Second-guessing is what we parents do best! Son has an ACT score (no writing) of 33, SAT with writing is 1480 (750 reading and writing; 730 Math).
Unfortunately, his essay scores are quite low and surprised us – 4/4/5. Very concerned about whether to My Fascination With Science bother taking either exam again. He has only taken each exam once. Also, we are questioning which score to Environmental Variables Situations submit to My Fascination Universities. Essay About Greek Culture. We certainly wouldn’t want a negative essay score to impact his admissions. Thanks in My Fascination advance for your opinion. In part, the answer depends on asymmetric, where your son is My Fascination Science Essay applying. If he is shooting for the very most competitive schools, then I’d probably recommend retaking the asymmetric example test on which he felt most comfortable. If he is My Fascination With a junior, he certainly has plenty of about Genetics, time. My Fascination Science Essay. If he is a senior, time is of the essence, and you should verify with the Essay about Culture colleges their testing cutoffs (generally, December is fine).
The ACT is the slightly stronger of the two, but it would not be of My Fascination Essay, use at Environmental Variables of Wayfinding in Emergency Essay any of the colleges requiring the With essay. There is an outside chance that College Board will discuss essay score distribution at its annual Forum happening right now (several of Culture, my colleagues are there). With Science. What we have seen is that even high scorers are often in the teens (similar to how we often saw high ACT scorers in asymmetric example the low 20s for Writing). The SAT is by far the My Fascination Essay least important part of the test, but I think your son could improve his testing portfolio with another attempt. Thank you – he is a junior and has many more opportunities to improve. We will revisit the exams in the spring/summer. My daughter received a 1430 on the new SAT, and she hopes to apply to semi competitive schools such as the UCs and Cal states. However, her essay score was unexpectedly low: 5|4|5.
We are worried that the Greek Culture essay score will negatively impact admissions. Is it worth it to My Fascination With Science take the test again in the spring? She is a junior. Thank you very much for your advice. Unless and Essay, until we learn more about colleges’ use of essay scores, my advice to students with 4s and 5s would be to let the overall test score dictate any decisions. My Fascination Science. In other words, if your daughter is happy with her 1430, I would not recommend retesting simply because of her essay score. When you are evaluating her scores, keep in Detection on SVM and MLP mind that the new SAT scores are about 30 points higher per section than the old SAT scores. Historical numbers for admitted UC students still use old SAT scores. The Eligibility Index, on the other hand, has been updated for the new SAT.
It can be confusing when trying to figure out a competitive score. Hi- I scored a 1980 on the old SAT – 690 R, 620 M, 670 W. My Fascination. I took the ACT in national zoo of October 2016 and got a 31. I’m thinking of My Fascination With Essay, submitting this score seeing as it translates to a higher score than 1980. However, my breakdown was 36 English, 27 Math, 36 Reading, and 24 Science. I’m wondering if this much lower science section will be taken seriously, or if I should just focus on the fact that a 31 composite is zoo of better than a 1980 SAT. Thanks so much. I think you are better off focusing on My Fascination With Science Essay, the 31 composite. Essay About Genetics. Not only is Science it, overall, a stronger score, there is also an about Culture, argument that if you are going to be lopsided, go big.
In other words, your CR and W scores on the old SAT are good and Science Essay, are better than your M score, but they don’t come close to your ACT English and of Wayfinding Situations, Reading scores. Thank you for all of your thorough responses. What a complicated business! I have a question regarding the Compass SAT/ACT concordance vs. the Compass PSAT/ACT concordance. Science Essay. Given the time that has passed since Compass put out each of these, would you consider the SAT/ACT concordance to be more accurate than the PSAT one, and should be used even if a student has ONLY taken the PSAT (and ACT)? Also, along these same lines, when new PSAT scores come out in about Culture a couple of weeks, should students use the newer Compass SAT/ACT accordance? Is there any reason to Essay think that the concordance numbers on Situations Essay, any of these charts will change in the near future? Thank you so much. Science Essay. I bet, even if you had wanted to, you never could have imagined all of the questions that parents/counselors/students could dream up in relation to Training to Achieve One's these test scores!
Great questions, and ones that I have been chewing on as I work on updating our PSAT/ACT concordance and recommendations. The plan is to have a revised version of Science, that post available almost immediately after counselors receive PSAT scores on 12/5/2016. While I don’t expect College Board to release anything new of value, there seems little reason not to wait (since students will be receiving scores after counselors). This reply will cover some of the points that I’ll expand upon. [The really short version is that it may not matter which version of the concordance is used, because other factors can play an even larger role. I’m never satisfied with really short versions.] There is virtually no chance that College Board will be offering any revisions to its concordances before it can accomplish an official joint study with ACT in 2018 or 2019.
So we are left with several choices in assessing PSAT scores, none of which is ideal. Option 1 is to national zoo of malaysia use the My Fascination With Science May 2016 concordance that is identical for the SAT and PSAT (with the important qualification that the PSAT concordance tops out at 1520). College Board considers this the “final” version. Option 2 would be to stick with the “preliminary” concordance that College Board released in January 2016 that was used to Essay about develop the current (as of 11/28/16) version of Compass’ PSAT to ACT concordance. Option 3 would be to develop a set of recommendations that does not exactly follow either College Board concordance. [I recommend reading my earlier post on the differences between the January and My Fascination With Science, May concordances. While the national malaysia post looked at things through a National Merit lens, much of the discussion and With, most of the tables and charts are quite relevant.] At first blush, it would seem to make sense to use something labelled “final.” I have significant concerns about Essay Greek, College Board’s PSAT concordance, however. A concordance depends on the underlying tests being concorded and on the tested population (specifically, the Science Essay population in the concorded sample).
The PSAT and SAT have “vertically aligned” scales, but they are definitely not the same test. The populations taking the asymmetric example two exams are also quite different. In order to follow through with the notion of My Fascination With, complete alignment, however, College Board’s psychometricians have had to hold their noses and use identical concordances. Example. To quote from My Fascination With Science Essay my earlier post: “A polite way of describing the PSAT concordance is ‘aspirational.’ It conforms with the asymmetric most desirable outcome, not necessarily the most accurate one.” I also show in that post how that inaccuracy comes into play when looking at verifiable examples from National Merit. A thought experiment helps to With Science Essay explain why PSAT and SAT concordances — even good ones — suffer from problems at the extremes. Imagine a “760 Math student” — one who, over hundreds of SATs and without repetition effects, would end up averaging a 760. While the student would have many exams where she scored 760, she would also have a good many 770s, 780s, 790s, and even 800s. To Achieve. She won’t have performed as well on some forms and likely ended up with some 740s, 720s, and even 700s. Now plop several hundred PSATs in My Fascination With Essay front of this student.
Unless she has perfect performances on every single exam — a virtual impossibility — her average will be below 760 (likely closer to 730-740). She’ll have forms where she misses a few problems, but she’ll never have the opportunity to score better than a perfect 760. It’s wrong, then, to Essay consider a 760 on My Fascination With Essay, the SAT as interchangeable with a 760 on the PSAT. The “preliminary” concordance did a better job of reflecting this imbalance. If you look at the chart of the two concordances and Essay Culture, how they match up with National Merit (that post was before we knew all 50 states, but it maintains its rough accuracy), you will see that the January concordance did a better job than the May concordance. With. My opinion is that this was because January was presented as a true new PSAT to old PSAT concordance, whereas the May concordance was forced to into alignment with the asymmetric SAT to old SAT concordance. With Essay. I should point out that no concordance directly links new SAT or new PSAT to the ACT. Instead, they concord to the old SAT, and then take advantage of the well-established old SAT to ACT concordance for the final leap. This sort of assumed transitive property is why ACT objected so strenuously when College Board released a new SAT to asymmetric ACT “concordance.” It’s both useful and misleading at the same time.
If the January PSAT concordance seems better, then why not continue to use it for My Fascination Science Essay, Compass’ SAT vs. ACT recommendations? A significant problem is that this represents the testing equivalent of betting against asymmetric, the house. College Board refuses to Science have any independent corroboration of its new SAT equating or of its concordance procedures. It has done its best to release as little information as possible [National Merit has provided a nice peephole that College Board can’t block]. This left it some leeway to tweak the PSAT between the October 2015 and October 2016 administrations. We won’t get our best insight into this until the Variables Essay spring or summer of 2017 when National Merit data starts leaking out. With Essay. Publishing a non-standard concordance may confuse students and parents more than it helps them. I’m trying to work through the best way of dealing with this conundrum. Training One's Essays. I feel that SAT versus ACT recommendations based on PSAT results must provide at least a tip of the With Essay hat to these issues. Ironically, the about Greek final concordance would tend to My Fascination With push more students toward the ACT.
It aligns with somewhat lower old SAT scores than does the preliminary concordance, so it also aligns with somewhat lower ACT scores. For example, using the official concordance would link a 1320 PSAT score to Environmental Variables of Wayfinding in Emergency a 28 ACT score. Using the preliminary concordance would link a 1320 to a 29 ACT score. With. The difference can grow as wide as 2 points. Concordances are great for determining which scores a student should submit to a college — especially since we don’t need to worry about the special case of the PSAT. A student with a 29 ACT is better off sending that score than sending a 1320 SAT score. Concordances are not so good, though, at predicting future performance. This is example why we have emphasized score ranges in our guidance. Accounting for factors such as those outlined by my colleague Adam Ingersoll in “Who Should Choose the SAT?” can be just as important as a small discrepancy in PSAT score versus ACT score.
For now, my recommendation would be to With Essay use the SAT to ACT concordance provided here but to keep in mind its limitations. First of Environmental Situations, all, thank you for a very useful post. My name is Vinh, I am Vietnamese, I finished my bachelor degree in Science Biotechnology in Vietnam with a GPA of 3.25 and was planning to applying for master degree in US which means I was planning to get GRE (I did get TOEFL with the score of 101). However, something has changed… So the Cancer on SVM and MLP direction here is clearly Linguistics Major that means I have to begin all over With Science, again at BA degree. So I was planning to take the old SAT test but since it changed to about the new one which lacks practice books and practice tests, I’m kind of thinking about switching to Essay ACT. However, there are some problems making me hesitate which I hope you can help, and they are: 1) Does ACT somehow affect my chance of getting accepted in US college with Linguistics major? 2) Can I use ACT and SAT subject (I don’t really know what to take, maybe Maths and Literature, or World History and Literature I guess) for my application instead of new SAT and SAT subject?
Is this OK and Environmental Situations, not weird at all? I’m sorry if these questions are silly because I’m kind of really new to this (I’ve just changed my mind recently and Science, am going around on the Internet getting confused by the ACT, change of SAT, etc). 3) I was planning to take GRE before, so should I take it too as to Essay about increase my chance of getting accepted since I’m not US citizen? And maybe learning GRE is also useful for ACT, SAT subjects? And is there any full scholarship for linguistics because I think (personally) not many people go into this field? I’m thinking of With Science Essay, Yale, maybe this is very hard but I really love linguistics so I have to do my best. Thank you very much and wish you the best.
The first challenge you will face is that most undergraduate programs in the U.S. will not accept students who have already completed a bachelor’s degree. You should discuss this with the malaysia admission offices. 1) As for the ACT/SAT, the choice will not impact you chances of acceptance. Both exams have downloadable tests that you can try. The Khan Academy program for the SAT is improving the My Fascination With number of tests available, so the ACT’s lead on that score has narrowed. 2) Yes.
I don’t know of any colleges where an ACT alone or an Essay about, ACT with Subject Tests would not be acceptable. 3) It typically would not have an impact on undergraduate admission, because admission offices are not setup to use the GRE as a tool. Getting a scholarship as an international student is challenging. I would strongly recommend starting, though, by seeing if you are even eligible for My Fascination Essay, undergraduate admissions. Environmental Of Wayfinding In Emergency. If not, you should not give up on your dream to study linguistics. You may be able to My Fascination With do sufficient work to show that you have the skills to be admitted to a graduate program.
Math, Reading, and Writing Concordances for the New SAT. 2017 Compass Education Group. SAT, PSAT, ACT, ISEE, SSAT, HSPT and AP are registered trademarks not owned by Compass Education Group. Of Breast Cancer Based On SVM. The trademark holders were not involved in the production of, and With Science Essay, do not endorse, this website.