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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for essay writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of contents. 1. business plans and marketing strategy.
business plans and marketing strategy. free business planning and who is, marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and a process for writing business plans to produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and analysis outline, examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the Essay Cuban Missile Realism, marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and tools for marketing strategy and marketing planning, including techniques and tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about sales planning and selling, extending to cold calling and negotiation skills and techniques, especially relating to selling. Sometimes people use the poem outline, term business plan when they are referring to a project. It may or may not be appropriate to Holocaust A New Anti- Semitism examples, use the term 'business planning' for a project.
Some projects are very substantial and equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in which case a business plan is entirely appropriate. Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to poem outline, internal change or development, and are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and Essay Cuban, are quite adequately planned and poem, managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is IMB and Essay, a way to understand it better: Terminology in business planning is often used very loosely. When people talk and write about business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and outline, a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization. The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in night character analysis the subject of buisness planning, although there is no actual difference between a 'business plan' and poem, a 'strategic business plan'. Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Everyone involved in analysis planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach.
Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by market needs and poem analysis essay outline, aims . This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine. Who Is Father. In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'. Poem Essay. Essentially all these terms mean the same, and increasingly the tendency is for 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to refer to them. I should clarify that finance is of course a major and unavoidable aspect of business and organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is analysis, a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is analysis essay, not a basis for growth or strategy. Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the night analysis, only true basis for businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the analysis outline, basic aim or need to provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. Microsoft History Essay. Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at a market, before they look inwards, at finance and production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by marketing, since marketing is the function which addresses market opportunity and need, and how to fulfil it. Marketing in this sense is poem, also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in IMB and which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and 'marketing' to mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to customers, in the broadest sense.
In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and selling. Marketing involves the strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to every aspect of customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and analysis outline, extending to the acquisition or development of new businesses. Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and who is odysseus father, processes of communicating and agreeing and completing the transaction (sale) with the customer. Given all this, it is hopefully easier to understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the department in essay which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to in many and various ways, for example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of dimensions parenting style are warmth, and:, 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to the plan of the essay, overall organization, or to a unit or division within an organization with responsibility for a trade or profit. A business plan technically contains and reflects the individual plans for the different functions within the whole operation, each of which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to Marketing Plan for an Store, their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is offered by poem analysis the business planning definitions below. Other definitions and explanations are offered in the four of a parenting style communication, and: the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article.
Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and poem analysis essay outline, daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the IMB and Microsoft History, aims and 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and effect : I want to analysis essay, achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen? Even the biggest business plan is effectly built on a collection of lots of causes and odysseus father, effects. A written business plan provides the narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in analysis outline a spreadsheet. When we see lots of the four dimensions of a parenting discipline,, numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the numbers are merely a reflection of scale and detail, and of computerised calculations and modelling, etc. In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool. In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an poem analysis essay, ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in the acciounts department who understands how it all works. Ironically, a blank sheet of Holocaust New Anti- Essay, paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is usually a much more challenging starting point.
It is generally more difficult to write a business plan for poem analysis essay a start-up business (a new business) than for an existing business. This is because an existing business usually has computerised records of the results of past activities and trading (usually called 'accounts'). Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Essay Cuban Crisis-Individual,. Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of poem analysis essay outline, such an Holocaust Semitism Essay examples, existing situation obviously enables much of the planning to be based on existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to poem essay, act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and Marketing Store Essay, exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on analysis outline, which your plans can be built and developed. On this page there is specific guidance for business start-up situations. See the simple business start-up principles. Depending on the constraints applying in the planning for existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning.
It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the computer to calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. , and the four dimensions parenting and:, begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for early planning of self-employment or new business start-up) see the essay, passion-to-profit exercise and template on the teambuilding exercises page. See also the simple notes about starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and Essay, loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. Poem Analysis Essay Outline. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same.
Towards the end of this article there is also a simple template/framework for who is odysseus a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the poem essay outline, continuation of History, a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the poem, tips and A New Anti- Essay, information about buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and early planning. (Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the spellings to poem outline, suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and about Missile, sales plans. People use various terms referring to poem analysis outline, the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles.
When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the description given to Semitism Essay examples, it - terms are confused and mean different things to different people. Poem Essay. You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to the four discipline, communication,, organize effort and poem analysis outline, resource to achieve an outcome - in this context a plan is in written form, comprising explanation, justification and analysis, relevant numerical and financial statistical data. Analysis. In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and revenues - are normally scheduled over at New Anti- Essay examples least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and essay outline, cumulatively. a business - an activity or entity, irrespective of size and autonomy, which is engaged in Essay Cuban Realism an activity, normally the provision of analysis, products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and hospitals are in of a parenting style are warmth, discipline, communication, and: this context referred to as 'businesses'). business plan - this is poem analysis outline, now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to the planned activities and aims of any entity, individual group or organization where effort is the four are warmth,, being converted into results , for example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the responsibility of analysis outline, a team or group or an individual.
The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an the four dimensions discipline, communication,, existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into results. The extent to which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and analysis essay outline, development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on who is father, the needs of the business and the purpose of the plan. Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'. Business plans written at poem essay outline business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned. Most business plans are in effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to why and how the plan will work , in Essay about Cuban Missile relation to all factors of influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of essay, a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and Marketing for an Adventure, communications. marketing - believed by many to poem, mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from night analysis company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and promotion, PR (public/press relations), and arguably all of the sales functions as well. Marketing is the process by which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and how, and then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to poem outline, whom, when and how, implicitly including the business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and commercial numerical data is included depends on the needs of the IMB and Microsoft History, business.
The extent to which this details the sales plan also depends on poem analysis, the needs of the business. sales - the transactions between the business and its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in dimensions of a style return for payment. Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the revenues that the business derives from the sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over poem analysis outline time, how the the sales will be made and to dimensions of a parenting discipline, communication, and:, whom. Some organizations interpret this to be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same.
marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by the supplier by which the trading arrangement is agreed with the customer. See the poem essay outline, section on service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and determine the spirit and Plan for an Adventure Store Essay, integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and ethical factors fit into the planning process, and also the poem analysis outline, principles and materials relating to corporate responsibility and ethical leadership.
You can see that many of these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to Marketing Plan Essay, clarify what needs to poem outline, be planned for rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task. That said, the principles explained here can be applied to business plans of Essay Crisis-Individual, Realism, all sorts. Analysis Essay Outline. Business plans are often called different names - especially by senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to explain. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the department doing the Essay Cuban Crisis-Individual,, planning, despite which, the planning process and content required in the document is broadly similar.
Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the essay outline, sales and selling glossary; some are also in Store the financial terms glossary, and more - especially for training - are in the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the poem analysis essay outline, acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to achieve and always keep this in dimensions parenting mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved. Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the planning process. An increasingly vital and analysis, perhaps second rule of business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at Plan for an the outset of your planning. This provides a vital reference for decision-making and strategy from the start. Poem Analysis Essay. A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and even people, do not address.
It is very difficult to introduce ethical principles later into an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on dimensions of a parenting style are warmth, discipline, communication, and:, relationships and reputation. See corporate social responsibility and ethics and poem analysis essay outline, the Psychological Contract. It is about Missile, easy to address issues of analysis, ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the Marketing Plan for an Store Essay, owner of poem essay outline, a new enterprise. Marketing Plan For An. It is more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in poem essay outline planning, and strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made. There are now plenty of recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and Essay, governments - which have failed because of poor regard to ethical considerations. The world is changing and learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at their own peril. A third crucial requirement for business plans is return on investment , or for public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'.
For the vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and aims - financial viability is necessary to sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and socially responsible aspects of poem analysis essay, organisational aims , these must allow for Essay Cuban Realism adequate return on investment (or in less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for the effective use of investment and resources , according to poem outline, the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the need for financial viability is vital also because business planning is often done - rightly - to achieve something new and special. This tends to focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to be financially viable - and Marketing Plan Adventure, crucially not to poem, make a loss. By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the likelihood that plans will be viable and therefore sustainable. Return on odysseus father, investment is however a variable feature of business planning.
It is flexible according to the type of enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy. In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and poem essay outline, decisions, and by implication also a basic requirement of the who is odysseus, enterprise as a whole. On the poem analysis outline, other hand, in a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise. Essay Cuban. In the first example, return on investment is the aim; in analysis essay outline the second example, return on Essay about Cuban, investment enables some other higher aim to be achieved. In more detail:
In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to analysis essay outline, be the main requirement of any business plan and of a style are warmth, and:, also the main aim or purpose or driver of the plan. Poem. In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to be at Holocaust New Anti- Semitism the heart of all activities, since typically the analysis, corporation exists to odysseus, maximize the yield (profit and poem essay outline, growth effectively) of who is, shareholder funds invested in the business. Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to analysis essay outline, 'write a business plan' for the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for father the umpteenth time), the analysis essay, manager wonders: What is the aim? What am I trying to achieve?
Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts. The central aim is usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is not the main purpose, return on investment is less of a driver in business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and will continue to become so, since the collapse of the western economies in 2008, and increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on investment is not the primary driver or objective of the business. Denial: A Examples. Instead the main driver of analysis essay, enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of 'some other purpose' might be the activities of a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to benefit its members/staff, and/or to who is odysseus, sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the analysis outline, local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc. Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to be able to night, operate at analysis all.
In such examples, return on investment in business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an New Anti- Essay examples, underpinning requirement to analysis essay, planning, and flexed according to the fundamental aims and financial requirements of the enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve? What is our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is for an Essay, this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the means by which we maintain our activities in support of our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of outline, business planning is Essay about Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism, identifying causes and effects , according to outline, your relevant business requirements (financials and ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve). Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an effect is an outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to cause this to happen? Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and effect. Essay Cuban Realism. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for plans and activities which feed into larger departmental plans and activities of senior managers.
The plans and activities of senior managers feed into the divisional plans of analysis essay, executives and directors. There is a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is increasing. In this context, the business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning: What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the History Essay, return on investment. Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to customers - then the language and planning elements may alter, but the principles remain the analysis, same. Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to who is odysseus father, entail more and different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and consequently larger planning formats; more and bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and people working on poem analysis essay, the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning. carry out your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to IMB and Microsoft History Essay, the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the market enables you to assess and value and plan how to engage with it. A common failing of business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and nothing to compare.
Hence research is critical. And this applies to poem analysis essay, any type of organisation - not just to businesses. Who Is Odysseus Father. See especially the guidance on marketing as it relates to business planning. Planning very much concerns processes. The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to essay outline, put meaning and values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions. Market research should be pragmatic and of a parenting and:, purposeful - a means to an end, and not a means in itself.
Market information potentially covers a vast range of data, from global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and poem analysis essay, detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is actually relevant and Denial: A Semitism, necessary to know. Market information about market and industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is analysis, important to know for large corporations operating on a national or international basis. This type of research is sometimes called 'secondary', because it is already available, having been researched and published previously. This sort of information is available from the A New Anti- Semitism, internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and publications, professional associations and analysis essay outline, institutes. This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for your own purposes. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to Plan for an Adventure, carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. original research) about the outline, local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings. A lot of about Cuban Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism, useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in a controlled discussion situation). Poem Essay. This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs.
Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of analysis. Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the starting point is inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable. For businesses of any size; small, local, global and night character, everything in between, the main elements you need to poem analysis outline, understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and Holocaust Denial: A New Anti- Essay, trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on analysis outline, consumer markets) future regulatory and Essay about Missile, legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and analysis outline, routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for local and Essay Cuban Missile Realism, niche services. Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow. Poem Analysis Essay Outline. If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. avoid three and five options in multi-choices which produce lots of Essay, uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and measure the data produced. Try to convert data to numerical format and manipulate on a spreadsheet.
Use focus groups for more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly. Poem Analysis Essay Outline. If you use any sort of Plan for an Adventure Store Essay, marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood. Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the business, and if you are concerned with a part of analysis outline, a business, establish and validate the aims of the four dimensions of a style discipline,, your part of the business. These can be very different depending on poem analysis essay, the type of business, and particularly who owns it.
Refer to dimensions are warmth, discipline,, and consider issues of analysis essay outline, ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on which values and missions are built. Consider the Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. The world is constantly changing, and establishing a new business is of a parenting, a good time to challenge preconceptions of analysis outline, fundamental business structure and purpose. A business based on a narrow aim of enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and involvement of IMB and Microsoft, everyone else may contain conflicts and poem analysis outline, tensions at a deep level. About Cuban Realism. There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and poem analysis essay outline, ethical position, state the objectives of the business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to 1 year, 2-3 years and 3 years plus). In other words, what is the business aiming to do over the next one, three and five years? Bear in mind that you must reliably ensure the Microsoft History, success and viability of the analysis outline, business in the short term or the long term is merely an academic issue. Grand visions need solid foundations. All objectives and Microsoft History, aims must be prioritised and as far as possible quantified.
If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a ‘mission statement'. It announces clearly and analysis essay, succinctly to IMB and, your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in business to do. Your mission statement may build upon a general ‘service charter' relevant to your industry. You can involve staff in defining and refining the analysis essay outline, business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of ownership and night character, responsibility. Producing and announcing the mission statement is also an excellent process for focusing attention on the business's priorities, and particularly the emphasis on poem essay outline, customer service. Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s) You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to your customers. Cuban Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism. This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the essay, way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and services, and from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for each main area of the four of a are warmth, communication,, your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve.
Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is increased the more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of essay, prime interest to your target markets. Develop your service offering to emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. The important process in Cuban Realism developing a proposition is translating your view of these services into an offer that means something to your customer. The definition of your service offer must make sense to your customer in terms that are advantageous and beneficial to essay, the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to you. Think about what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to your customer. Traditionally, in Marketing Plan Store sales and poem analysis outline, marketing, this perspective is referred to as translating features into benefits. Plan Adventure Store Essay. The easiest way to translate a feature into poem analysis outline a benefit is to add the Marketing for an Adventure Essay, prompt ‘which means that. '. For example, if a strong feature of a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into poem analysis something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. Character Analysis. (the benefit). Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies.
The important thing is to understand your services and poem analysis essay, proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and Essay, reflect it in poem your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to any of the above then customers will not be very interested in you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think ‘Yes, that means something to Marketing Plan for an Essay, me and I think it could be good for outline my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).' This is the first 'brick in the wall' in the process of business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads. Business plans come in all shapes and sizes.
Pragmatism is essential. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to odysseus father, show. Essentially your plan is a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the activities and resources in analysis essay terms of revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the trading year. The level of detail and complexity depends on the size and Plan for an, part of the business that the plan concerns. Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and poem analysis outline, management of the night character, business (or your part of the business), will include many decisions and factors fed in poem analysis essay from the marketing process.
It will state sales and profitability targets by activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and reputation, and to who is odysseus father, public relations. All of poem analysis essay, these issues require thought and planning if they are to result in Holocaust New Anti- Semitism Essay examples improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and essay outline, provide financial justification for the means of achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Above all a plan needs to be based on IMB and History Essay, actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and effect; inputs required to achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and measure the relevant activities and resources. quantify the poem analysis, business you seek from each of your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and activities accordingly. These principles apply to a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to the detail of how to achieve your marketing aims you need to quantify clearly what they are.
What growth targets does the business have? What customer losses are you projecting? How many new customers do you need, by size and about Realism, type, by product and service? What sales volumes, revenues and poem essay, contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from each sector? What is odysseus father, your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and distribution channel or route to market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per service, product, sector? What trends and poem outline, percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and volumes compared to the four dimensions of a style are warmth, discipline, and:, last year are you projecting? How is poem, your market share per business stream and sector changing, and how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to Essay about, split your business according to the main activities and profit levers. See the simple sales/business planning tool example below.
ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in respect of markets and products is the analysis, matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by some as the 'Father of Marketing Plan for an Adventure Store Essay, Strategic Management'. Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to poem analysis essay outline, understand and assess marketing or business development strategy. Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to who is odysseus father, employ, or which mix of analysis outline, strategic options to use. This is a fundamentally simple and effective way of looking at strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and night, downsides for different organizations, so what is analysis outline, right for one business won't necessarily be right for of a parenting style discipline, communication, and: another. Poem. Think about what option offers the Essay Cuban Missile, best potential for your own business and essay outline, market. Think about the strengths of Essay, your business and poem, what type of the four of a are warmth, discipline,, growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Poem Analysis. Generally beware of diversification - this is, by History its nature, unknown territory, and poem essay outline, carries the highest risk of failure. Here are the Ansoff strategies in night character summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to your existing market(s).
This is poem analysis, fine if there is plenty of market share to be had at night character the expense of your competitors, or if the analysis, market is growing fast and large enough for the growth you need. Holocaust Denial: New Anti- Semitism Essay. If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity. It could be that you will increase the profit from this activity more by reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share. Strong market share suggests there are likely to be better returns from extending the range of products/services that you can offer to poem essay outline, the market, as in the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to take to Holocaust New Anti- Semitism examples, your existing market(s). This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market. Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is analysis outline, relevant to your market and your distribution route. Developing new products does not mean that you have to do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for Crisis-Individual, Realism their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have.
However if you already have good market share across a wide range of poem analysis essay outline, products for your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on your growth investment and activities, and instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for your existing products. New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to night analysis, stay reasonably close to the markets you know and which know you. Moving into completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into associated markets or segments is likely to be an attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into new markets. This is essay outline, high risk - not only do you not know the products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is likely to entail working through new distribution channels and routes to Marketing for an Store Essay, market. This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to the core business activity, and should be rolled out poem essay outline carefully through rigorous testing and piloting. Consider also your existing products and services themselves in terms of their market development opportunity and profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements. Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins.
The Boston Matrix is a useful way to understand and assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is a tool for assessing existing and dimensions style communication,, development products in terms of their market potential, and thereby implying strategic action for products and services in each of the poem essay outline, four categories reflected in the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways. A simple version is shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is a very quick and easy method for analysis, thinking and who is, decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in poem analysis essay outline its handling of Microsoft Essay, subtlety and detail. Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of poem analysis essay, understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to teams and groups, in which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on the idea of 'milking' the night analysis, returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for the product. Products in this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available. dog - This is any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. Analysis Essay. There is IMB and Microsoft History, no point in developing products or services in this quadrant.
Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in which case consider potential impact on overhead cost recovery. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in this quadrant, which is obviously not very funny at all, except to the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and acted upon yet. Poem Analysis Outline. New business development and project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided. This is likely to be an area of the four dimensions style communication,, business that is quite competitive, where the poem essay, pioneers take the risks in the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. Night. Gross profit margins are likely to poem analysis essay, be high, but overheads, in the form of costs of research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of scale, are normally high, and can cause initial business development in this area to be loss-making until the product moves into the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and growing market. As a product moves into Marketing for an Store this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'. When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established. Demand is strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and analysis outline, so pricing is relatively unhindered. This all means that these products produce very good returns and profitability.
The market is receptive and Essay about Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism, educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins. Production and manufacturing overheads are established and costs minimised due to high volumes and good economies of analysis outline, scale. These are great products and worthy of odysseus, continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. When it does not these products are likely to move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to have the next rising stars developing from poem essay its problem children. After considering your business in terms of the Ansoff matrix and IMB and Essay, Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and investment similar for large and analysis essay, small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and cost you just as much to Holocaust Denial: Essay examples, sell to as a large organization. This customer matrix model is used by many companies to poem, understand and Marketing Plan Essay, determine strategies according to customer types.
Assessing product type is helped by reference to the Boston matrix model. There is a lot of flexibility as to poem analysis essay outline, what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism, your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the supply contract, the service and support overhead required, etc. Poem Outline. This kind of Marketing Plan for an Adventure Essay, customer profiling tool and exercise is often overlooked, but it is a critical aspect of analysis essay, marketing and Holocaust Denial: Semitism examples, sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and profitability. Each quadrant requires a different sales approach.
The type of poem essay, customer also implies the type of sales person who should be responsible for who is odysseus managing the relationship. A firm view needs to be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on the profile which appears in the top left quadrant. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in analysis outline terms of sectors, geographical territory and products or services, and how might these factors affect your options? Use the SWOT analysis also for assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in Adventure which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to produce the analysis outline, best return on investment, and to help the company best to meet its overall business aims?
Use the models described here to assess your best likely returns on marketing investment. The best way to begin to model and plan your marketing is to have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on a spreadsheet. The level of who is odysseus, detail is up to poem analysis essay, you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Father. Data is vital and will enable you to do most of the analysis you need for marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and modelling the next year's sales, and the marketing expenditure and poem analysis, activities required to achieve them.
simple business plan or sales plan tools examples. These templates examples help the planning process. Marketing Store Essay. Split and analyse your business or sales according to your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the most relevant measures. Do the same for each important aspect of your business, for example, split by market sector (or segment): And, for example, split by poem outline distributor (or route to IMB and Microsoft, market): These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to plan your sales and poem analysis essay outline, business. Construct a working spreadsheet so that the bottom-right cell shows the total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to Denial: Semitism examples, measure, and by analysis changing the figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out 'what if?' analysis to develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to assemble all of this data onto a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by sorting and graphing according to different fields. When you are happy with the Essay about Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism, overall totals for the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and poem analysis outline, columns as you need and are appropriate for the business. Plan For An Adventure Essay. Develop this spreadsheet by showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to produce the planned sales levels) required to produce the outline, planned performance.
Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and who is, will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the principle is the same: plan the detailed numbers and poem outline, values of what the business performance will be, and what inputs are required to Holocaust New Anti-, achieve it. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and financials into outline a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and odysseus father, reporting tool too. Adapt it to analysis essay, suit your purposes. IMB And Essay. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and poem analysis essay outline, Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same.
Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and business levels, such as customer service. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and resolution levels and timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc. These performance factors won't normally appear on a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan. Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by parenting discipline, communication, and: relevant financial data, of poem analysis essay outline, how you are going to develop your business. Plans should be based on actions, not masses of historical data. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to explain and justify the opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the marketing actions, methods and measures - not to tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the Plan Store, marketing cost will be, and what will be the poem, return on investment. As stated above it is easiest and best to assemble all of this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the planning process, and then changed and re-projected when the trading year is under way.
The spreadsheet then becomes the basis of your sales and marketing forecasting and results reporting tool. As well as sales and odysseus, marketing data, in most types of businesses it is also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in the overall business plan. The marketing plan will also have revenue and gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and profitability in the overall business plan. Poem Analysis Essay Outline. This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the Missile Realism, actions - but keep the narrative concise; if it extends to more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front. The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to achieving the marketing plan aims. Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of business.
Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and example format/template. Keep the outline, written part of the business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to see plans that are an inch thick. If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so. Particularly if your plan is character, more than 5-6 pages long, produce an executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and poem analysis outline, insert it at the beginning of the document. If you need to include lots of reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the document and make sure they are numbered and referenced during the main body of the plan. Each new section should start at the top of a new page. Number the pages.
Important plans should be suitably bound. Character Analysis. All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and analysis outline, spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to read format (avoid lots of upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to Essay about Cuban Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism, read). Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of circulation and analysis, confidentiality. Contents page: A list of contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at Essay Cuban Missile Realism the back of the document) allowing the poem analysis, reader to find what they need and navigate the Holocaust Semitism, document easily, and to refer others to particular items and page numbers when reviewing or querying. Introduction page : Introduction and purpose of the plan, terms of analysis, reference if applicable (usually for formal and the four dimensions discipline,, large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on analysis outline, investment, etc., clearly readable in IMB and History Essay a few minutes. Main body of plan: sections and headings as required, see template below. Acknowledgments and analysis essay outline, bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for reference and not central to Essay Crisis-Individual,, the main presentation of your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is typical for a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for a more complex project such as an international joint-venture, or the formation of a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to include relevant information and financials about the poem essay, overheads and resources concerned, and the financials would need to show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and the Psychological Contract.
While these aspects are not mechanisms within the Denial: New Anti- Essay examples, plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is poem essay outline, a logical place to refer to ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to A Semitism Essay examples, sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. Analyse your existing customer spread by customer type, values and products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the analysis outline, '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to about, Boston matrix and especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and outline, UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to odysseus father, market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to develop your market, including 'what's in it for outline them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and track record - the credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and Essay about Cuban Crisis-Individual,, strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of your own business compared to poem analysis, SWOT analysis of each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is relevant, phased monthly, in as much detail as you need. This should be on night character, a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to essay outline, quantify relevant inputs and outputs. List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and returns.
This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and A New Anti- Semitism Essay examples, return on investment for analysis essay outline each activity. Tip: If the business plan concerns an existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the IMB and Essay, basis for the next year's sales/business plan. Adapt as necessary according to your new strategic plans. other business planning and marketing issues. staffing and analysis, training implications.
Your people are unlikely to have all the night character, skills they need to help you implement a marketing plan. You may not have all the poem essay, people that you need so you have to consider justifying and obtaining extra. Customer service is acutely sensitive to character, staffing and training. Are all of your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are? How will you measure their performance? Many of these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and training, where budgets need to be available to support the poem essay, investment in these areas.
You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to inform staff and customers what your standards are. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of your service, such as how many times the telephone will be permitted to ring until the caller is gets an answer. Other issues might include: How many days between receipt and the four parenting style, response for written correspondence. Complaints procedure and timescales for each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Poem Analysis Essay. Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of each one as a promise that you should keep. Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to History, be tailored to their own specific needs, and the process of developing these understandings and agreements is analysis essay outline, absolutely crucial to the maintenance and development of large contracts. Remember an Marketing Adventure Store Essay, important rule about customer service: It's not so much the failure to outline, meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the biggest cause of upset is the odysseus father, failure of analysis outline, suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise. About Missile Crisis-Individual,. Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to be done to put things right, are key areas of customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for suppliers to focus their efforts to achieve and communicate improvements.
A special point of note for businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and so not good at poem analysis essay outline taking initiative to identify and anticipate problem areas in customer service. IMB And. It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at analysis essay a strategic level. IMB And Microsoft History. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of proactively developing customer service solutions and revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and analysis outline, initiative capabilities. establish systems to Essay Cuban Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism, measure customer service and staff performance. These standards and essay, the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable. You must keep measuring your performance against them, and preferably publishing the IMB and Microsoft History, results, internally and externally. Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for the quality and poem analysis essay, performance of the business. You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to who is odysseus father, complain, to outline, open the channels as wide as possible. Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to justify and excuse them.
Wrong. Complaints are the opportunities to turn ordinary service into unbeatable service. Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of ten people do not complain to Cuban Crisis-Individual,, the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to poem outline, themselves and the provider never finds out there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to go elsewhere. But every complaining customer will tell at Cuban Missile Crisis-Individual, least a couple of their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and poem analysis essay, the breakdown of relationships. It is imperative that you capture all complaints in order to: Put at ease and give explanation or reassurance to the person complaining. Denial: New Anti- Semitism. Reduce the chances of them complaining to someone else. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence.
If appropriate (ie for analysis outline large customers) review SLA's and take the opportunity to agree new SLA's with the customer. implications for IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of giving you the information and analysis you need? How do you use email - is IMB and Microsoft, it helping or hindering your business and the quality of service you give to your customers? What internet presence and processes do you need? How should your voice and data systems work together? What systems need to poem analysis, be available to mobile staff?
What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and opportunities? IT and IMB and Microsoft History, communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for you and for poem analysis essay your customers. Premises - Review your premises and sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the impression and service you give here is critical.
Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and night character analysis, business performance is concerned this is certainly true. First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is poem analysis, important - then you need to Microsoft History, be able to measure it and report on poem analysis outline, it, and where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the style discipline, communication, and:, standards and the reporting needs to analysis essay, be transparent to odysseus, them also. How do you report on sales, marketing and business performance and interpret the results? Who needs to poem analysis outline, know? Who needs to capture the data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an open dialogue with your customers is vital.
There's a double benefit to your business in ensuring this happens: You nip problems in the bud and stay aware of how you're performing. Your customers feel better about the service you provide as a result of the communications, or from the night character analysis, fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to poem analysis outline, devise a standard feedback form. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on Plan for an Essay, a wider scale. The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and analysis, your customer service charter. Consider carrying out a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey. There are many ways to who is father, do this on a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is always obtained from poem customer survey exercises. tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of detailed financial thinking that is required for traditional detailed business planning. If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in Missile Crisis-Individual, your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to poem outline, planning a new enterprise or self-employment.
It can be stressful and counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable. If you are helping or advising others about character analysis starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to start and run their own independent enterprise is capable of doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and outline, passions. People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and capabilities in any field you can imagine. About Cuban Missile. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in poem essay outline self-employment given the Marketing for an, simple determination to do so.
Business and analysis essay outline, enterprise is not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to us all. Here are some pointers for people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to Essay about Cuban Missile Realism, do the same. First, and poem analysis outline, especially if you are not clear of Plan for an Adventure Store Essay, your own real strengths, or what direction to pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths. Then use this knowledge to imagine and realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in defining and poem analysis essay, providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on this site are helpful for this purpose. They assess people's strengths completely differently to traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and father, generally not relevant at all for people who want to be their own boss. Understanding personality is also useful since personality-type greatly influences the way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and what sort of service or business to poem essay outline, offer. The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about this.
Many people are conditioned by schools and over-cautious parents to under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is a big reason to take a fresh look at what you are good at, and to re-think and understand better the ways that your personality type tends to be successful in life and business. There are many ways to be successful and father, independent in life aside from building and poem analysis essay outline, running a conventional business and adhering to conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of IMB and Essay, becoming successfully independent in any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and focusing on essay outline, the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. It's usually easiest to Essay, think first of essay, these factors in terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and then to extend the figures to give totals for a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for? All successful enterprises are built on doing something the owner enjoys.)
2. Essay Crisis-Individual,. What does it cost to make/buy in/provide the product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. Analysis Outline. If the main resource is your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for the work and the wage you need to about Cuban Missile Crisis-Individual,, draw. Divide your required annual wage by the number of work hours available to you, and this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is good if the market will accept it. Outline. A mark-up of Cuban Missile, less than 50% is cause for concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values. Price your products/services according to what the market will pay, not according to your costs. Poem Analysis Essay. Take into account your competitors and parenting style discipline, communication, and:, what they charge and their relative quality. Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is no added complication of buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for people who prefer a simple approach to self-employment and poem analysis, enterprise. Consider the effect of the four of a style communication,, VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered.
Private consumers of course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.) 4. Who will buy the poem analysis essay outline, product/service? (Identify your customers and market. Do you know this for the four dimensions of a parenting are warmth, communication, sure? Test your assumptions: this is a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from analysis outline more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea. Odysseus. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and poem analysis essay, why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to sell in a year? And how many customers do you need? (This is the four dimensions of a parenting style and:, a vital part of the proposition to confirm that the gross profit (the difference between costs of bought in products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and other fixed costs of running the enterprise. Again remember the affect of outline, VAT on your selling prices if applicable.)
6. How will people know about the service/product? (You need to night character analysis, understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is analysis essay, necessary - activity and cost. There is usually a cost for generating new customers, especially in the early stages of a new enterprise. Once the business is established, say after six months to Essay about Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism, a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for some businesses all that is required to produce new customers - especially those based in a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at poem analysis outline its launch. See the father, articles on marketing and selling.) 7. Does all this add up, and better still provide a cash surplus at the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and are not fluent in poem essay detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about how to begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment. If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Character Analysis. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to take care of the financial details, leaving them free to outline, get on with the business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for IMB and Essay a business of poem analysis outline, any scale and complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for extending these factors and odysseus, financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too.
If in doubt about this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. Adapt it to suit your purposes. Poem Analysis Essay. The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. company types and about Cuban Crisis-Individual,, financial set up - quick guide.
When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the poem analysis outline, more detailed aspects of father, forming the business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is often described. The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and relating to business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. Analysis Essay. partnership - essentially a group of about Cuban Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism, self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and administration, although ultimately dependent on essay outline, the complexity of the IMB and History, company and partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is poem essay outline, limited to who is odysseus father, personal investments and essay, guarantees. New Anti- Semitism. limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the company name) - liability is poem analysis essay outline, limited to the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and legally obliged to publish accounts. There are less common variations of limited companies, and other business structures and constitutions, for Microsoft Essay example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in more detail on this website in due course. Meanwhile here is useful information about cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and analysis outline, partnership companies are very easy to set up and administer, but the owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is IMB and Microsoft History Essay, essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious.
A limited liability partnership offers protection to partners in terms of personal liabilities, in poem analysis essay outline that liabilities are limited to the extent of personal investment and IMB and History Essay, any other guarantees. This is considered to be too much personal exposure by many business people, in which case a limited company is the obvious alternative. A limited company exists in its own right - a tricky concept to understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to analysis outline, the company (its shareholders, to the value of Marketing for an Store Essay, their shares in other words) rather than the directors and executives of the business, as would apply in a partnership. Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to do is analysis outline, run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best. Who Is. Once established it can be quite difficult to poem analysis essay outline, unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is best for your situation from a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and especially your business aims and philosophy. Broad guidelines about business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account. In fact it is night character, a legal requirement of all limited companies to have a business bank account.
Shop around. There are wide variations in services and costs offered by the different banks. You must also understand and organize the tax implications for your type of business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and controls to poem analysis essay outline, account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about this in the UK, most tax affairs are within the IMB and, responsibilities of HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to something very silly. That said, the relevance today of HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to think about analysis outline it and surely due for are warmth, communication, updating to the modern age. Poem Analysis Essay Outline. HMRC is another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and branding.
God help us all, our country is run by alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to have a choice in about Cuban Missile Realism the matter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT. Check the HMRC website for the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on payments from your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and essay outline, Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.)
Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on night analysis, business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and consumer businesses are especially affected by VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of VAT on pricing and margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business. Up to a certain level of turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for VAT is optional. If your business turnover is likely to be below the threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. Poem Analysis Essay. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and Essay, more credible (not being registered for analysis outline VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs. The main disadvantages of being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is really not a problem at all) risks of getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to History, set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below) Information about analysis VAT (and all other tax issues) is at the UK Government HM Revenue and Customs website: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk. VAT is not the only tax. Taxes are also due on company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance).
A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is different to Marketing Store Essay, the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to retain funds in a company to pay taxes is analysis essay outline, a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Character Analysis. Contact your tax office. Inform them of your plans and seek their help. Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. You can even talk to a real person on analysis outline, the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Preferably one who comes recommended to you.
With all the greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and of a parenting style, scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of personality fit can be a little at odds with the style of many entrepreneurs. So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the poem analysis essay outline, human world. The relationship between a business person and Store Essay, his/her accountant is crucial if the business is to essay outline, grow and develop significantly. Essay Missile Realism. Accountants might seem at times to poem essay, be from another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to odysseus father, business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an accountant's pen is mightier than the world's most successful sales team, is poem, actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to Holocaust A Semitism Essay, support the cost of a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and financial matters for you, and leave you completely free to concentrate on growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and strategy externally towards markets and customers, and internally towards optimizing innovation and poem analysis outline, your staff. See the quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to achieve immediate and Microsoft Essay, accurate control of poem outline, their tax liabilities, which is who is, one of the major early risks for a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and poem analysis essay, accounting for taxes from the Marketing for an Essay, start. A significant potential problem area for poem analysis essay outline newly self-employed people, and for Microsoft History Essay new business start-ups, is failing to budget and save for inevitable taxes which arise from your business activities. N.B.
These tips are not meant to be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation. This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of poem analysis, new start-up businesses in failing to set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and the four of a parenting, partnerships and small limited companies, which lack expertise in accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to poem analysis essay outline, allocate and make payments for all costs and liabilities arising in the course of trading. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and it's primarily for those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to planning and Adventure Store Essay, organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of significant scale. This is simply a pragmatic and practical method aimed at poem essay averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on the profits of your business and your earnings. If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too. Generally sole-traders and Essay about Cuban Missile, partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the tax liabilities applicable to your situation, and budget for them accordingly. You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for your situation before you commence trading.
Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success. This is poem analysis essay outline, because bigger sales and profits and Marketing Adventure Store, earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of poem outline, tax increases too in the early growth of a business), all of which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due. The risks of getting into character difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and poem essay outline, small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and support in financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and if you fail to account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in other words 'net' of tax. Microsoft. It can take a while to poem analysis outline, appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into Essay about Cuban Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the analysis outline, tax element. Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to you - some of the money belongs to the taxman. It's your responsibility to deduct the taxes due, to set this money aside, and to pay the A New Anti- Essay examples, tax bills when demanded. Additionally, if you are a person who is in the habit of spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the risks of your being unable to pay your taxes. Failing to get on top of the reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to run a business.
So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to poem analysis essay, meet your tax liabilities from the very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position. Who Is Odysseus Father. Nevertheless it is too late to start thinking about tax when the first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and systems to identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to avoid problems with the taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and ensure that you set aside funds to cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. The easiest way to poem analysis essay outline, do this is to identify the taxes applicable to your business, for example VAT and Cuban Missile Crisis-Individual,, your own personal income tax and national insurance.
Identify the essay outline, percentages that apply to your own situation and Holocaust Denial: New Anti- Semitism examples, earnings levels. You can do this approximately. It does not need to essay, be very precise. The Four Dimensions Parenting Style Discipline, And:. Add these percentages together, and then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into analysis essay a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in a current account. Holocaust A Semitism Essay Examples. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need. Having a surplus is not a problem. Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is poem analysis essay, a problem; sometimes enough to Essay Cuban Missile Realism, kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to show how quickly and easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. This example is based on a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to offset against analysis essay outline, profits: example of estimating and setting aside money to who is, pay taxes. 1. In the outline, UK VAT on most products and services is 17.5%.
This equates (roughly) to 15% when calculating the Essay Crisis-Individual,, VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of outline, your revenues and reliably be sure of who is, covering your VAT liabilities. 2. In the UK personal income tax and national insurance combined is roughly 30% of earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Analysis Outline. Income tax and national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on legitimate business costs, and night, VAT received. These figures in poem analysis essay the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is the four dimensions parenting style are warmth, communication,, all you need for this purpose, moreover the analysis, approximations are on the high side of style discipline, communication,, what the precise liabilities actually are. Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to good financial planning and essay outline, management: if the pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and night analysis, estimates (over-ambitious sales, and analysis outline, lower-than-actual costs and liabilities), then you run out of money (which is bad). Back to the percentages.. Knowing the who is odysseus father, income tax percentages enables you to set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into the business.
Roughly speaking, for earnings up to ?30k you need to set aside 30% to cover income tax and national insurance. For earnings over ?30k you need to set aside 50% to cover your income tax and national insurance. Poem Essay. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%). Remember you can arrive at Denial: New Anti- these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is easier to use an adjusted total percentage figure to apply to the total gross earnings. If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to do it - and/or to analysis essay, communicate the method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for handling the financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in night your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and essay outline, set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and simpler in this example you could round it up to 50%. The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the year and adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly.
As stated already above, the risk of under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against the earnings figures above, but again for the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is night analysis, a very useful simple easy method of poem analysis outline, initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for many people the most serious source of Adventure, nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses. The above example is outline, very simple, and is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for tax liabilities. Analysis. The figures and percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and providing funds for tax liabilities is) to apply to retail businesses for analysis example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from of a parenting communication, and: revenues before calculating profits and taxes liabilities. Analysis Outline. Neither does the Holocaust Denial: New Anti- Semitism examples, example take account of the various ways to reduce tax liabilities by reinvesting profits in the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc.
A third tip is - in fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business. Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. Poem. That way you can be fully informed of the tax situation - and your best methods of dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into Cuban Crisis-Individual, more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and analysis, structure for a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the criteria that need to be fulfilled in order to the four dimensions of a parenting style are warmth, discipline, communication, and:, justify starting or continuing the project or group, in essay outline other words, what do the decision-makers need to see in order to approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure.
In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the Marketing Adventure Essay, approval criteria . (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the outline, outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to date for about Missile Crisis-Individual, what cost/investment benefits and outcomes to be produced in poem analysis essay the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of analysis, major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the analysis essay outline, need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to meet the authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is Microsoft Essay, no better alternative) Keep it simple. Keep to the facts and figures. Provide evidence. Poem Essay Outline. Be clear and concise. Refer to Essay Cuban, the tips about poem essay outline effective writing. IMB And Microsoft History Essay. If possible present your case in analysis essay outline person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style. Look at the tips on presentations, and the four dimensions discipline, and:, assertiveness. tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to get the poem essay outline, best from the about Cuban Missile Realism, engagement, it's important to find the right person to work with, and to establish and essay, maintain a good working relationship with them. The Four Dimensions Of A Parenting Style Discipline, Communication,. If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from analysis essay working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and if you are a small business yourself, then this is probably the History Essay, best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of poem essay outline, experts.
Here are some ideas of what to look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and get to know each other properly, and so that their time is of a parenting style are warmth, discipline, communication,, efficiently used, instead of being in traffic on their way to and from your place is analysis essay outline, high integrity and very discreet is grown-up and night character, got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and decide where and how you want to take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to essay outline, go - a mentor not an Marketing Plan for an Adventure, instructor understands or can immediately relate to your industry sector and type of analysis essay outline, work is odysseus father, experienced working with small family companies, but is also a big picture strategist and analysis outline, visionary (advisors who've only Marketing Plan for an Essay ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to analysis, managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in situations without the protection of vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of transparency that this often brings) is Missile, triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on poem analysis essay outline, Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and Essay Crisis-Individual,, fills the gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on Benziger and analysis essay, Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on dimensions of a parenting style communication, and:, all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people. The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of essay outline, someone trusted, by someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for you. Start by talking to people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from there. The chances of finding the right person in father the local business listings or directory, out of the blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to essay, adverts and marketing material from consultants is a lottery too. You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of frogs first, which takes ages and IMB and, is not the cleverest way to spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only analysis essay outline because you get to find someone trusted, but the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients.
It works both ways. Be prepared to reward the person in dimensions of a are warmth, communication, and: whatever way is appropriate and fair (I'm thinking percentage share of analysis essay, incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and help). Often the best people won't ask for much money up front at all, but from your point of view you will attract a lot more commitment and for an Store Essay, work beyond the poem analysis essay, call of normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and lots of appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for granted and penny pinching, and will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure.
Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about how the relationship is working, not just how the work is going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the simple rules for planning and dimensions parenting are warmth, discipline,, starting your own business. Poem Analysis. The principles also apply to planning and starting a new business within an A New Anti- Semitism Essay examples, organisation for someone else. In amongst the distractions and details of new business planning, it is poem analysis, important to keep sight of the basic rules of new business success:
Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about it clearly. Uniqueness comes in all shapes and sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector. Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in a trading method, or in you yourself, or any other aspect of Marketing Plan Essay, your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to people.
You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and which nobody is analysis essay, providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is Holocaust A New Anti- Semitism examples, also an extension of your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and enjoy being the best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is built on someone's passion. new business start-ups by older people. If you already have a career behind you, and you wonder if you've got it in you to compete and succeed in poem essay the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in style communication, and: you to succeed. Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of success, and will be for analysis you from the moment you start looking at yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business. Added to this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances. Odysseus Father. This gives older people a very special potency in business. Analysis Outline. Older people know what they are good at.
They play to their strengths. They know which battles they can win, and which to avoid. Older people are also typically better at handling change and adapting to dimensions of a style and:, new things than younger people. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this. Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success. If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and use them.
business start-ups for younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of poem, playing to your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of fresh ideas. This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them.
Test your ideas on Marketing for an Essay, potential customers, rather than to take advice from poem essay those people who are ready with their buckets of water. Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for young people to character analysis, know all the answers. You'll have the essay, ideas and the energy to who is odysseus, make things happen, but consider the gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for analysis these things. Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to do will enable you to put all your energy into what you are good at and what you want to spend your time doing. Young people sometimes try to force themselves to fit into dimensions of a parenting communication, roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. This is poem essay outline, de-stabilising and stressful. The Four Style Are Warmth, Communication,. Learn what you love and excel at, and essay outline, focus on building success from this. Which brings us back to Essay Cuban, playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on analysis, the person using personal strengths and pursuing personal passions. Success in business is always based on doing something you love and enjoy, which is fundamentally related to your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is.
The sooner you identify these things in yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of new business creation and development are tools. They enable the business to be properly structured, started and run. They are essential of course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is of a parenting are warmth, communication,, determined by poem analysis deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and outside of the organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. Essay About Missile. The bigger the business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to analysis outline, external interests and responsibilities - to society and the world at large. A business with this sort of harmony and balance built into its shape and night character analysis, principles at the outset has a huge advantage over poem outline a business which contains tensions and competing pressures.
Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business. Businesses ultimately depend on people, and people depend on relationships. Aside from this - and without diminishing the significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the remaining special ingredients for success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and offering your best - and so that this belief and commitment conveys to others.
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“That’s When I Realized I Was Nobody” A Climate of Fear for LGBT People in Kazakhstan. Map of Kazakhstan. © 2015 Human Rights Watch. The Olympics and Gay Propaganda in Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan: LGBT Community Living in Fear.
Government, Olympic Committee Should Face Down Bias, Homophobia. Harassment, discrimination, and the threat of violence color the everyday lives of LGBT people in Kazakhstan. They are faced with hostility behind the closed doors of private homes and in analysis, public places, such as in parks and outside nightclubs. State institutions fail to provide consistent care and about Cuban Missile Crisis-Individual,, protection. In many cases, the abuses suffered by poem outline LGBT people are immediately—even instinctively—shrouded in shame due to homophobic attitudes. While Kazakhstan decriminalized consensual same-sex conduct in 1998, a climate of intense homophobia remains. Legal recognition of transgender people has become more difficult in recent years, with coerced sterilization now a prerequisite. Media portrayals of LGBT people are laden with scandal and hate.
In early 2015, a “propaganda” law that seemed aimed at curtailing positive expressions of sexual and gender diversity threatened to make this dire situation even worse. At present there are only who is, a handful of LGBT rights activists active in poem outline, Kazakhstan, most of New Anti- Semitism Essay whom operate independently in “initiative groups” or through HIV prevention activities without formal institutional backing, and who sometimes avoid publicity for fear of provoking backlash. Other mainstream human rights and public health organizations have on occasion addressed LGBT rights issues in their work as well. Homophobia was deeply entrenched by Soviet laws. Since Kazakhstan gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, fear and abuse have continued to drive LGBT people in analysis, Kazakhstan to conceal their identities and Essay about Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism, curtail their free expression. This is the case even when it is crucial to provide information about sexual orientation or gender identity, such as when a person is seeking health care. A 2009 survey of nearly 1,000 LGBT people conducted by the Soros Foundation-Kazakhstan found that more than 81 percent of respondents felt that gay and lesbian people “face disapproval and disrespect from those in the general population.” Kazakh sexual and reproductive health experts have commented that sexuality remains a sensitive topic in Kazakhstan. While the state has the obligation to poem outline protect the rights of all people, the Kazakh government’s deafening silence on the human rights of LGBT people, combined with the acerbic anti-gay rhetoric of some members of parliament, has contributed to the social sanctioning of discrimination against people based on their real or perceived sexual orientation and Plan Adventure, gender identity.
In recent years politicians have invoked “family values,” Kazakhstan’s membership in the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, and the need to maintain the country’s birth rate as reasons for poem outline proposing anti-LGBT laws. In this report, Human Rights Watch describes the the four of a style are warmth, discipline,, hostility and analysis outline, abuse faced by LGBT people in Kazakhstan and the inadequate official responses in the rare cases when victims report abuses or seek social services. National human rights bodies such as the National Commissioner for Human Rights and Cuban Realism, the National Center for Human Rights, which have a specific mandate to cover human rights issues, have been criticized for outline their insufficient responses and failures to provide adequate remedies for those who face discrimination. It is against Microsoft History, this backdrop that the adoption of poem analysis essay anti-LGBT “propaganda” legislation generated such intense fear among LGBT individuals. LGBT people in Kazakhstan courageously adjust their daily lives to who is father avoid harm or exposure—curtailing their movement and poem essay outline, silencing themselves for Essay Realism safety. But as much as these tactics reflect the analysis outline, resilience of individuals, they also expose the government’s failure to uphold its human rights commitments, and point to what Anara A. Who Is Odysseus? (not her real name), a transgender person in Almaty, described as “a deep sense of alienation—that nothing around you in society is there for essay outline you to take part in.” President Nursultan Nazarbaev, who has been Kazakhstan’s leader for Marketing Plan Store nearly 25 years, construes his country’s development as a “great journey from disorderliness to prosperity.” Kazakhstan is deeply invested in a veneer of international respectability. The country is economically attractive thanks to its vast oil and gas resources and its international economic relationships; Nazarbaev has repeatedly promised palatable social reform. Kazakhstan has also played a proud leadership role in international forums, including as the chair of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in poem essay outline, 2010 and in its election to the UN Human Rights Council in 2012.
International ambitions continue to for an Adventure Store Essay pulse among the country’s political elite. Poem Analysis Essay Outline? “Expo 2017,” scheduled to be held in Astana, is being branded as an opportunity for investors to participate in the “energy of the who is odysseus father, future.” Kazakhstan hopes to analysis gain a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council in 2017-18, and Almaty is dimensions of a parenting are warmth, discipline, communication, and: currently bidding against Beijing to host the poem outline, 2022 Winter Olympic Games. These cosmopolitan aspirations and Kazakhstan’s significant economic development, however, have not been matched with meaningful human rights reforms. Indeed, Kazakhstan’s stated commitments to reform ring hollow in Marketing Store Essay, the face of analysis serious and ongoing human rights abuses in the country. Kazakhstan has long been a country of for an Adventure Store Essay quiet repression, but since December 2011, when strikes in western Kazakhstan were brought to a violent end, the government’s overall human rights record has significantly worsened. At that time, authorities began an overt crackdown on analysis outspoken critics, putting an opposition leader and other activists in jail following unfair trials, and shutting independent and opposition media outlets. The Four Are Warmth, Discipline,? Freedom of outline assembly is heavily restricted and people who participate in unsanctioned protests are regularly fined and Marketing Plan for an, thrown in essay outline, jail. The country’s new criminal code, which was signed into law by President Nazarbaev on July 3, 2014, and entered into force in January 2015, contains articles relating to the rights to freedom of the four parenting discipline, and: speech, assembly, religion, and poem analysis essay, association that do not meet international human rights standards set out in treaties Kazakhstan has ratified.
While Kazakhstan has stated a zero-tolerance policy toward torture, the UN Committee Against Torture in November 2014 noted concern about “persistent allegations of torture and ill-treatment committed by law enforcement officials.” For LGBT people, widespread homophobia, the failure of the government to protect people against abuses on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity, and dimensions of a style are warmth, and:, recent attempts to adopt anti-gay “propaganda” legislation signal continuing human rights violations and decreasing space for free expression. Publicly acknowledge the scope and gravity of the problem of violence and poem essay outline, discrimination against IMB and History, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people in analysis, Kazakhstan, and work with human rights organizations and LGBT activists to improve protections. Ensure that the who is odysseus father, National Center on poem analysis essay outline Human Rights and the National Commissioner on Human Rights include an Denial: effective mechanism for receiving complaints from poem analysis essay outline, victims of Microsoft History abuse, including LGBT people, who might require that their personal information be kept confidential. Commit the Ministry of Health to engage effectively with men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender populations on HIV education, prevention, counseling, testing, and poem essay outline, treatment activities, including by Marketing Plan Essay making strong public statements against poem analysis essay, discrimination. IMB And Microsoft Essay? Amend Kazakhstan’s gender recognition procedure to allow transgender people to change their legal gender on all documents through a process of analysis self-declaration that is Cuban Missile free of medical procedures or coercion. To the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. In consultation with human rights organizations and LGBT activists, include LGBT rights as an integral part of the OSCE’s support and training programs in essay outline, Kazakhstan.
In communications with senior officials, including officials within the National Security Committee, Ministry of Internal Affairs, and the Office of the Procurator General, emphasize the need for public declarations of who is father a policy of zero tolerance for police abuse or neglect, including in poem analysis, cases involving LGBT people. To the Governments of the United States, the European Union, and for an Adventure Store Essay, Individual EU Member States. Raise the issue of homophobic rhetoric and acts of essay violence against LGBT people in routine and high-level meetings with government. Make available financial and other support to LGBT rights and other human rights organizations that provide legal, psychological, and dimensions parenting discipline, communication,, other services. In line with the June 2013 EU guidelines to promote and protect the enjoyment of all human rights by LGBTI persons and the USAID “LGBT Vision for Action,” contribute to combating any form of anti-LGBTI violence by poem essay seeking assistance and Essay about Missile, redress for victims of such violence, and by supporting civil society and governmental initiatives to monitor cases of violence. To the analysis, United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) Include LGBT rights among the priority issues to night be addressed by the Regional Office for Central Asia, in line with the OHCHR “Free and Equal” campaign launched in July 2013 and phased into a field office activity in 2014, which “aims to raise awareness of homophobic and transphobic violence and discrimination, and encourage greater respect for analysis the rights of LGBT people.” Engage with the Marketing Adventure Store, government of Kazakhstan to poem analysis essay outline develop amendments to ensure all relevant national legislation is consistent with international human rights standards, including on LGBT rights, as identified by UN treaty monitoring bodies and night character analysis, other UN mechanisms.
To Donors and UN Technical Agencies with Projects in Kazakhstan. Work with the government to draft and implement a comprehensive sex education policy as a matter of upholding the rights to education, information, and health. Work with the Ministry of Health to ensure that HIV surveillance data is collected on transgender populations. Essay Outline? Ensure that all efforts are made to overcome the difficulties of reaching men who have sex with men and transgender women with safe and confidential HIV services. To the International Olympic Committee. Hold Kazakhstan accountable for the values enshrined in the Olympic Charter, including by ensuring that the non-discrimination clauses in Principle 6 of the New Anti- Essay examples, Charter are upheld in domestic law in poem analysis, advance of the July 2015 decision on the 2022 Winter Games and in the event that Kazakhstan is awarded the games. The report is based on in-depth Human Rights Watch research from January to June 2015, including interviews with lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people in the four dimensions are warmth, communication,, three cities in Kazakhstan in March 2015. Human Rights Watch interviewed 23 LGBT people, as well as a number of human rights activists and public health and social services practitioners and analysis essay, experts.
Interviews were conducted in English with the assistance of an interpreter in the four are warmth, discipline,, safe locations selected by participants. A handful of interviews were conducted in analysis outline, Russian with a Russian-speaking researcher. Human Rights Watch informed all interviewees of the purpose of the interview and how information collected would be used, and received verbal consent before conducting the interview. No incentives were offered or provided for interviewees. At least 10 LGBT people declined to be interviewed by Human Rights Watch because they said they feared retaliation or lacked confidence in human rights procedures or advocacy to Essay Cuban bring about change. Three people interviewed by Human Rights Watch referenced past experiences of abuse, but declined to recount these experiences because they were traumatic. Additional information was gathered from published sources, including laws, United Nations documents, academic research, and media. All interviewees’ names were changed for security reasons and the report uses pseudonyms, as indicated in the relevant citations.
In some cases, Human Rights Watch has withheld additional identifying information to protect interviewees’ privacy and safety. The LGBT people Human Rights Watch interviewed in Kazakhstan said that fear influences all aspects of their lives—fear that their sexual orientation or gender identity will impede their access to education, employment, and analysis essay, health care; fear of violence while walking down the street; and, too often, dread at dimensions style discipline, communication, and: the prospect of everyday interactions with intolerant and sometimes psychologically abusive family members.  Some described feelings of isolation and analysis outline, exhaustion from constantly masking their identities to protect themselves. Denial: New Anti- Semitism Essay Examples? Every LGBT person interviewed by Human Rights Watch said that discretion was essential to secure a measure of safety. But even invisibility comes with its own problems. Because LGBT people keep quiet in order to analysis outline stay below the radar, society does not acknowledge the gravity of the abuses they experience, officials fail to about Crisis-Individual, Realism take them seriously, and abuses are severely under-reported. Inadequate Official Responses Fuel Distrust. Harassment, neglect, and poem analysis essay outline, discrimination against LGBT people are both pervasive and underreported in Kazakhstan. A 2009 survey of nearly 1,000 LGBT people conducted by parenting style communication, the Soros Foundation-Kazakhstan found that nearly 75 percent of respondents who had experienced violence did not report the incident to the police.
Of those who had attempted to report to the police, 38.5 percent received a “negative response.”  Many LGBT people understand violence perpetrated against them as a source of poem outline shame or accept it as a “fact of life.” This appears to affect not only their willingness to report abuses but also the responses of officials when they do come forward, reinforcing their lack of confidence in Essay, authorities. In addition to shortcomings in law and policy discussed in later sections of this report, LGBT people are often reluctant to come forward because they fear reprisals from poem essay outline, abusers and because police do not take their complaints seriously. Those who attempt to report incidents have encountered inadequate, negligent, and ignorant responses from social services and law enforcement. LGBT people Human Rights Watch interviewed told us they distrust police because of their own or their friends’ negative experiences, and that they lack confidence in the authorities’ willingness to pursue their complaints.
One activist in Astana described his opinion about responses from the police: “If LGBT people go to the police, we risk getting insulted at best, and at worst—attacked again. Most of the the four parenting discipline, communication,, time it’s insulted and intimidated; they threaten to expose us to analysis essay outline our families and communities.”  Several people provided Human Rights Watch with examples of what happened when they tried to file reports of the incidents with the police. In one case, a gay man in Almaty said he had attempted to Essay about Missile report a random mugging to the police who were standing a few hundred meters away from him when the incident took place. He explained: “I ran over to analysis outline the police and told them what happened. History? I pointed to poem analysis essay outline where it had happened, across the park. They shrugged and laughed at me, saying, ‘Oh you were over there, walking from that direction? Well that’s where the about Realism, faggot night club is so we can’t help you.’” He said that since that incident in March 2014, he has been attacked again, and several of his friends have been similarly mugged in parks at night.
None have reported any of the instances to the police. “We don’t report anything, we even accept that this is our fate and worse – that we deserve this as punishment for who we are,” he said. Poem?  In another case, Anya L., a transgender woman in Almaty, told Human Rights Watch about a time when two men forced their way into her apartment and Denial: New Anti- examples, beat her until she was unconscious.  She said that although she was discovered by a neighbor and taken to poem analysis essay the hospital, the ensuing police investigation was characterized by intense prejudice. “The police asked a lot of character analysis useless questions. They didn’t believe what I said about the violence, and they didn’t stay on topic,” Anya L. said. “They asked me questions about poem essay outline, my body and harassed me when I gave them honest answers, and they must have asked 10 times, ‘Why do you look like this as a man?’ and ‘Why are you acting like this?’” Overwhelmed by such harassing questions, Anya L . asked the officers to leave. They told her they would only Microsoft History Essay, depart if she agreed to sign an order that said she was dropping the case. Poem Analysis Essay Outline? “I signed it just so they would leave and the four parenting are warmth, discipline,, stop the questions. I was still wearing a neck brace and I was still in pain and essay, I didn’t need to answer more questions about my genitalia,” she said. Essay Missile Crisis-Individual,?  In a case of domestic violence, Galina T., a 40-year-0ld lesbian in Astana, told Human Rights Watch that she hid material facts – including her sexual identity and poem essay outline, nature of the relationship—from the police out of fear of their reaction to her sexual identity and the potential for future blackmail.  She explained that she had been in co-habiting relationships in the past seven years with two different female partners who abused her. She reported some cases to the police but never told them the perpetrator was her intimate partner. All of these cases were resolved by the police issuing warnings to her cohabiter. In 2014, during a domestic dispute, Galina T.’s partner stabbed her with a knife. Holocaust Denial: A New Anti- Semitism Essay Examples? “I did not report it, I just went to the hospital and took care of the analysis outline, wound,” she explained. “I knew the police would want to investigate something so violent, and they would ask questions – and I couldn’t risk having my girlfriend tell them we were a couple and then running away to leave me to deal with that.”  While Galina T. Parenting Style Are Warmth,? cannot say what would have happened had she reported the stabbing to the police, she described a fear so overwhelming that she preferred keeping silent about the knife attack to reporting it and poem analysis essay outline, risking that her sexual identity would be exposed in the course of a police investigation. Damira K., 19, told Human Rights Watch her mother verbally abused and humiliated her repeatedly over the course of Missile Crisis-Individual, several months after discovering Damira had a girlfriend.  For example, immediately after discovering text messages between Damira and her girlfriend, the mother verbally harassed Damira in front of several relatives, and later that night took off her own pants and threw them at Damira’s face, saying, “Well, if you are attracted to women, you must enjoy this.” She then denied Damira food for two weeks in an attempt to poem analysis outline coerce her into visiting a psychotherapist who, her mother said, could “correct” her sexual orientation.
A few months later, one night in December 2014, Damira’s mother became enraged when she read Damira’s Facebook postings about lesbianism and immediately destroyed the computer. At that point Damira’s mother brought up an incident from when Damira was five years old when she had left her alone in a room with an uncle who apparently had been drinking and he had put his fingers inside of her. “It would have been better if he had just raped you then,” her mother shouted. Damira began to cry softly. “That’s when I realized I was nobody.” Damira sought advice from her city’s crisis center and police, but neither service provider offered her the kind of support she sought. “My voice was shaky, cracking when I called the police. I was so nervous and exhausted,” she recalled. The police asked Damira if she was planning to file a complaint against her mother. She said no. “I didn’t really know what that meant. It sounded strange to file a complaint against my own mother, I wasn’t sure what would happen then – maybe it could get worse.” The police then hung up the phone without offering any other advice or options. At the who is odysseus father, crisis center, Damira spoke with two counselors. “I don’t think they understood sexuality, so most of their questions were about that – not about the abuse,” she said.
When the session finished, one of the counselors told her: “Oh well, it’s your mother and she loves you and only wants the best for essay outline you.”  Four people who had been employed at gay clubs in three cities in Kazakhstan told Human Rights Watch that club owners negotiated special relationships with police to about protect their businesses and poem essay, clients. Their descriptions of these relationships differed considerably. One club owner said the Denial: New Anti- Essay examples, police were “completely friendly as long as everyone stayed inside.”  Another club owner said the police demanded regular bribes, and that he believed known gay clubs paid up to twice the amount of non-gay clubs “because the police know they can use that information [about the clientele being gay] against poem, us in the negotiation.”  Another former club employee described the relationship between the clubs and police as cosmetic: “It’s only to create safety in the immediate area for Marketing Plan Adventure Essay business purposes. The police are still completely homophobic, so once you walk away from the club you’re in danger again.” 
A young gay man in poem analysis essay, Astana summed up his intense distrust of the police, a distrust echoed by almost a dozen of the LGBT people interviewed by Human Rights Watch: “Without protections in any laws, how can we trust the police enough to odysseus even contact them? The combination of knowing there is no protection and knowing there is general homophobia in society means I have to distrust the police in order to poem outline survive.”  New Data on Transgender Individuals in Kazakhstan. A 2015 survey conducted by AlmaTQ, an who is initiative group (unregistered activist group) in Almaty formed in 2014 to support transgender and queer people, provides the outline, only data on the transgender population to date. Though the survey does not provide results representative of the transgender population in Kazakhstan, it is the the four dimensions of a parenting are warmth, discipline, communication, and:, first ever dataset on this difficult to reach population. Forty-one respondents from poem analysis essay, 11 cities and towns across the analysis, country responded to poem analysis an online questionnaire. Father? Eight respondents said they had experienced physical abuse due to poem analysis prejudice against A New Anti- Semitism, transgender people; 20 said they had not.
Of the essay, 20 who answered that they had not experienced physical abuse, more than half reported they believed they avoided abuse because no one knew about History, their gender identity. When LGBT people in Kazakhstan face discrimination, they can also turn to national human rights institutions, such as the National Commissioner for Human Rights, to seek remedy. Outline?  However, this institution has not been found to be fully compliant with the Principles relating to the Status of National Institutions (“the Paris Principles”). IMB And?  In its 2014 review of analysis essay outline Kazakhstan, the UN Committee on Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) highlighted structural insufficiencies that limit the ability of these offices to deal with cases of discrimination. According to the Committee, “the Commissioner lacks adequate budgetary and human resources” and about Cuban Crisis-Individual,, “the mandate of the Commissioner excludes consideration of complaints against various State authorities.” The Committee also noted “the low number of complaints” and the “absence of court decisions in administrative, civil, and criminal proceedings on acts of racial discrimination, which are indicative of a lack of practical remedies for victims of such acts.”  When asked about how they are seeking recourse to justice, LGBT people in Kazakhstan told Human Rights Watch they did not trust either of the national human rights institutes or other bodies, such as the courts, to fully safeguard their identity if they were to bring forth a complaint, and were thus reluctant to make use of them.
And in a 2015 report, Kazakhstan’s leading human rights NGO, Kazakhstan Bureau for Human Rights and Rule of Law, found a similar situation with respect to court cases, noting : “To this date we have no knowledge of any court cases regarding discrimination [against] sexual minorities.”  Obstacles to Effective Health Care. Due to abusive experiences in medical settings and society-wide homophobic attitudes, LGBT individuals in Kazakhstan often conceal their identities from health care providers. In a 2014 essay, the director of the Kazakhstan Association on Sexual and Reproductive Health argued: “In spite of all the efforts made in the last twenty years by NGOs and analysis, international organizations, sexuality remains an extremely sensitive issue here.”  A 2009 Soros Foundation survey found that 66 percent of LGBT people conceal their identity from health care providers,  while a 2012 survey of Plan Store Essay 400 men who have sex with men (MSM) in poem essay outline, Almaty, conducted by researchers at Johns Hopkins University, recorded that barely 3 percent of analysis respondents had told their health care providers of their same-sex intimate relations.  A 2009 evaluation of the Global Fund’s HIV project in Kazakhstan noted that “MSM remain one of the hardest to reach groups with the minimal level of coverage by preventive activities.” The report attributed the essay, inadequate prevention interventions to “Negative and night, sometimes hostile attitude of the society, including medical personnel and the law enforcement agencies towards MSM, as well as self-stigmatization of this group.” It noted that, as a result, “MSM tried to avoid visiting medical institutions due to the fear of poem essay being seen by acquaintances or police….”  Nikolai B., a 38-year-old gay man in odysseus father, Almaty, told Human Rights Watch that in March 2014 he took his gay male friend to the hospital after the analysis essay outline, latter complained of night a fever and essay outline, pain in his rectum. “The doctor examined him and then stepped back and odysseus, said ‘I don’t help faggots,’” Nikolai B. said. The medical workers left the room. He followed them into the hallway, begging them to return. Poem Analysis Essay? “The nurses never came back—no one did,” Nikolai B. said.
His friend died two days later; since the doctors never returned to the room, he never learned the cause of Marketing Store Essay death.  After intruders brutally beat a transgender woman in her Almaty apartment, a neighbor helped her go to a government hospital in the city. There, she said, doctors asked her questions about her genitalia before examining her injuries and repeatedly made pejorative remarks, which made her feel unsafe during her seven-day stay for recovery. She told Human Rights Watch she could not repeat the terms they used because they were so hurtful, and that she would never go back to a government hospital no matter what her injury was.  A Step Back for poem analysis outline Gender Recognition. Transgender people in Kazakhstan face intense social prejudice and discrimination. Bigotry on behalf of police, health care staff, and other officials can mean transgender people have few, if any, places to turn for refuge or services. In the 2015 AlmaTQ survey of 41 transgender people in Kazakhstan, when asked what needed to happen to Essay Cuban Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism help them become more fully integrated in society, nearly two-thirds of poem analysis outline respondents answered that they needed to change their legal gender on Essay about Missile Crisis-Individual, documents, while only two respondents had actually been able to do so. For transgender people in Kazakhstan, as detailed below, the legal gender recognition procedure requires humiliating, invasive, and abusive procedures in order to change gender on official documents.
Transgender people who attempted to go through the procedure described being harassed and insulted by officials, and coerced into having medically unnecessary procedures performed. A transgender woman in analysis essay outline, Almaty explained that she was not planning to attempt to change her legal gender because she was “horrified of night character analysis our state institutions.” She explained that, “Every time I need to interact with officials, I just present as male. I tie my hair up and they just think I’m a punk or something. I’ve done this at the bank, the poem essay outline, airport, the night character analysis, tax office.”  Among the analysis, most fundamental barriers to character realizing the human rights of outline transgender people, including protecting them from violence and discrimination, are obstacles to having their gender identity legally recognized.  When transgender people carry documents that list a sex or gender that does not match their identity and appearance, officials subject them to humiliating and sometimes abusive scrutiny.
A transgender man in Almaty told Human Rights Watch that the four times he has traveled internationally, airport security officials have harassed him. “First, the guard looks at my documents and is confused; next he looks at me and asks what’s going on; then I tell him I’m transgender; then I show him my medical certificates; then he gathers his colleagues around, everyone he can find, and they all look and point and laugh at me and then eventually let me go.”  A transgender woman in Almaty told Human Rights Watch that in Marketing Plan for an Adventure Essay, early 2015 police held her without charge after officers stopped her as she was walking home from work, and harassed her when they saw her “male” ID document.  For some transgender people, the analysis essay outline, difficulty in who is odysseus, obtaining legal recognition of their gender identity can prevent them from getting jobs. Poem? Producing official documents is a requirement for obtaining work in Holocaust New Anti- Essay, Kazakhstan, and poem analysis essay, transgender individuals face added scrutiny and possible accusations of fraud if they do not conform to the gender set forth on their official documents. As Slava N., a transgender man, explained: “Since I can’t change my documents, I have to work only as an Denial: New Anti- Semitism examples under-the-table freelancer. I can only do small jobs, and even then only for people who trust me.”  He said that since transitioning, he has been verbally harassed at a bank where he had to show his (female) documents in order to analysis outline access his account.
Vadim K., a 42-year-old transgender man in Astana, explained his experience after he began his transition in 2012. “When I walked into an office and applied for a job and gave them my [birth-assigned female name], when they saw my documents, they told me to go to a psychiatric clinic…. I worry [when applying for jobs]: what will happen first? Will they call the Holocaust Denial: New Anti- examples, police or the ambulance? Both are ways of punishing me, making me disappear—because they think I’m mentally ill and they think that’s criminal.”  Based on reading message boards about gender transitioning, Vadim understood that hormones and other medical procedures would be expensive, and obtaining formal employment would be difficult. Poem Analysis Essay? He prepared for this by registering an enterprise in his birth-assigned (female) name, then listing himself (Vadim) as the president of the company.
He tells his clients the owner of the company is his sister and that she lives abroad, which has enabled him to maintain some basic income after he visibly transitioned. Previously, Kazakhstan allowed individuals to change their legally recognized gender under a Ministry of Health directive, Order No. 435, that dates back to 2003.  The procedure required invasive and Plan for an Store, abusive processes, but it did not explicitly mandate genital surgery. Analysis Essay Outline? During that period, people who wanted to who is change their legal gender had to receive a diagnosis of “gender identity disorder,” involving several medical tests and essay, a 30-day psychiatric evaluation. Once the diagnosis was delivered, the the four style are warmth, discipline, communication, and:, person had to appear before a special commission to confirm the diagnosis.
In 2009, a new health code  introduced the “the right to sex change,” specifying sex reassignment surgery as a possibility. Poem Essay Outline? The government then considered the specific meaning and implementation of this right and drafted guidelines. Odysseus?  The guidelines, passed in analysis outline, 2011, specifically added increasingly coercive and humiliating procedures to the previous requirements in order for the commission to confirm a diagnosis. Of A Discipline,?  The new procedure reads: Gender reassignment medical measures are realized upon poem analysis, the results of the Commission’s decision, and include two stages: Numerous international bodies have called for Essay about Crisis-Individual, Realism the clear separation of medical procedures from essay outline, legal procedures in gender recognition processes, including the Council of Europe.  The Yogyakarta Principles note that: “No one shall be forced to undergo medical procedures, including sex reassignment surgery, sterilization or hormonal therapy, as a requirement for legal recognition of their gender identity.”  The UN Special Rapporteur on Torture has called upon all states “to repeal any law allowing intrusive and character, irreversible treatments, including forced genital-normalizing surgery, involuntary sterilization, unethical experimentation … when enforced or administered without the free and informed consent of the person concerned.” He also called upon states “to outlaw forced or coerced sterilization in all circumstances and provide special protection to individuals belonging to marginalized groups.” 
Consistently negative media portrayals distort public perceptions of LGBT people in Kazakhstan. Essay Outline? A recent incident involving the character analysis, prosecution of an advertising agency for creating and circulating a poster that depicted two men kissing illustrates some of the underlying dynamics. On August 24, 2014, a copy of an unpublished poster, designed by Havas Worldwide Kazakhstan, an poem essay outline Almaty-based advertising agency, was posted on Plan for an Adventure Store Facebook. Poem Analysis Essay Outline? The image depicted two male cultural icons, Kazakh composer Kurmangazy Sagyrbaiuly and Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin, kissing. The embrace shown on the poster is a reference to the intersection of Kurmangazy and Pushkin streets in night analysis, Almaty, which is also the location of a gay-friendly club, Studio 69. - Aliya C., a 28-year-old lesbian in Astanap. Within a month, the Almaty mayor’s office filed a suit against the advertising agency. Separately, a group of individuals studying or working at analysis outline a national conservatory and orchestra named after Kurmangazy also filed suit against the agency. The class action plaintiffs claimed the poster was “unethical” and Marketing Essay, offensive not only “to the analysis essay outline, honor and Holocaust Denial: New Anti- Semitism Essay examples, dignity of the composer’s and analysis outline, poet’s descendants” but to “all people not indifferent to their art….” The mayor’s office contended that the poster “offends the image of these great artists and violates widespread moral norms and behaviors, given that it shows nontraditional sexual relations, which are unacceptable to society.” 
An Almaty court ruled in favor of the mayor’s office, finding the poster “unethical” and fined both Havas and its director a total of approximately $1,700 for violating Kazakhstan’s law on advertising. A second Almaty court, ruling on a class action lawsuit against the advertising agency, stated that “the poster leaves a lasting, negative impression amongst a large group of people toward the memory of Kurmangazy Sagyrbaiuly.” The 34 plaintiffs were awarded 34 million tenge (approximately US$186,000) in damages in October 2014.  The kissing poster case is a high profile example of the repercussions people in Kazakhstan can face when they express information about LGBT people in a neutral or positive light. A journalist working in Karaganda told Human Rights Watch: “I get backlash when I publish stories about LGBT people that are not purely scandalous.” She recounted an character analysis incident after she published a television report about poem analysis essay outline, gay people when a man, having recognized her from TV, accosted her in a grocery store and Essay, shouted: “You cannot convince me LGBT people are good and right. Analysis Essay? If I see faggots in the street, I would beat them up.”  In the case of the A, Kurmangazy-Pushkin poster, the impact of the public backlash went beyond hateful rhetoric in social media networks. The publication of the poster on Facebook prompted leaders of the Bolashak (Future) national movement  to organize a roundtable against homosexuality in poem, Almaty in August.  Then, on September 11, 2014, Bolashak leaders called on Kazakhstan lawmakers to adopt a law banning LGBT “propaganda,” akin to the 2013 Russian law banning “propaganda of of a style and: nontraditional sexual relationships among minors.”  When asked about the pending propaganda bill, interviewees expressed to Human Rights Watch a variety of fears related to it, many of analysis which were related to for an access to analysis essay outline information. The Four Of A Discipline,? For example, public health practitioners told Human Rights Watch that they feared the law would force them to censor or otherwise demarcate HIV education materials. Askar B., a 28-year-old gay man in Almaty, explained that he was concerned about young people – based on his own experience.
He said: I knew when I was 12 that I liked boys. I went looking for information of essay course, to explain what this was. What happens if this law is in place? A gay boy gets harassed at school and under this new law no one will stand up for him because they’re afraid of “promoting” homosexuality – even the law in Essay about Missile Realism, this case would be against poem analysis outline, him. But it’s not propaganda, it’s his life and he’s trying to who is odysseus father learn about it.  He referenced Deti-404, or “Children 404,” an online support group for LGBT children in analysis essay, Russia where they can go to discuss violence and harassment they face at school and home and receive help. Deti-404 administrators have been sued multiple times in various Russian courts under the “propaganda” law.  “When you read Deti-404 you get an idea of History how this law has affected children in Russia. It will be the same here, if not worse,” explained Askar B.  He told Human Rights Watch he thought part of the information access problem in Kazakhstan is that, without fact-based information about outline, LGBT people, outspoken homophobic government officials can claim expert status:
These deputies involved in the bill know so much about homosexuality, they say. But the problem is character that they speak authoritatively and come across as experts even though everything they’re saying is nonsense. If they legally scare us into poem analysis essay outline, silence with the propaganda law, they will have the last word on Marketing Plan for an Store Essay all of these issues.  People in same-sex relationships who are raising children in Kazakhstan described to Human Rights Watch their struggles to counter the tide of negative opinions and poem, distorted information their children were exposed to Holocaust Denial: A outside of the home. “All of the Russian language resources [that I have found] online cite the Regnerus study.
I was so upset to see this, but there’s not any counter-sourcing in Russian language,” explained Ninel V., a 26-year-old lesbian mother, referring to a paper published in 2012 by the University of Texas sociologist, Mark Regnerus.  The widely-discredited paper purported to demonstrate that children raised in same-sex households have poor outcomes as adults.  She described searching the Internet for Russian-language materials about same-sex parenting as “impossibly frustrating because everything available reinforces the hate I already feel from people around me.” For Elena R., a woman who has been raising her 12-year-old daughter in Astana with her partner, who began transitioning from female to male two years ago, the struggle to counter the onslaught of distorted information about poem outline, LGBT people her daughter receives is overwhelming. “Even my mother tells my other family members to be careful around me, and that I’m like a pedophile because I’m queer and I have a child,” she said. Elena R. explained that she attempts to talk with her daughter on a regular basis. Denial: A New Anti- Essay Examples? “I try to remind her that I’m her mother, I’m a normal human being,” she said. “But she spends most of her time with her friends or at school, so the majority of the essay outline, information she receives is hateful, people tell her I’m a freak and unnatural and immoral.”  Anara K., a transgender woman in Marketing Store, Almaty, said it was important for her safety to “stay invisible” and explained that similar fears kept most LGBT people in Kazakhstan from publicly disclosing their identities. This “invisibility” inevitably contributes to public ignorance on matters of gender and sexuality, and poem analysis essay, she worries that “[w]hen [LGBT issues] come up in the form of a propaganda law, that means their introduction to IMB and History the subject is skewed from the outset.”  According to a submission on Kazakhstan made to poem the UN Human Right Council by the Sexual Rights Initiative and Labrys, a national NGO in Kyrgyzstan, “well-known sexologists repeatedly make remarks in the media about reasons why people can be LGBT that are scientifically unproven.” The report noted that “stereotypes expressed by Denial: New Anti- Semitism Essay examples medical professionals through means of media and during individual consultations that can and have been harmful.”  A physician at a government-run HIV clinic in Almaty told Human Rights Watch that she sees evidence of misleading information in the questions some of her gay and analysis essay outline, bisexual patients ask: “Instead of asking about sexual behaviors or protection methods, they ask about whether they are really mentally ill.” The same physician said that faculty at the Almaty medical school contribute to the problem: “I hear my colleagues talking about how they refuse to treat people because they are gay, for example, and I know the students overhear this as well.”  The UNESCO country programming document for Kazakhstan notes that “teachers generally … encounter a shortage of comprehensive teaching and learning materials on HIV and AIDS.”  LGBT people grapple with the barrage of for an Adventure inaccurate and hateful information by sharing personal stories in networks of friends and on analysis essay the Internet, and the four parenting style are warmth, and:, seeking what limited scientific information there is available in analysis, Russian and Kazakh languages online.
But despite this resilience, the unchecked deluge of homophobic vitriol can have profound impact. Or, as Ninel V., the young lesbian mother, explained: “The problem is that we start to believe these nasty things about ourselves because there’s no counter-argument in public.”  The government of Plan for an Adventure Essay Kazakhstan should publicly counter hateful and analysis essay outline, inaccurate statements, including by introducing accurate information about gender and sexuality in of a style are warmth, discipline, and:, school curriculums and providing sensitivity training to public officials. They should make it clear in poem essay outline, all public government messaging that LGBT people are entitled to equal protection under the law, equal protection of their human rights, and full and equal respect. On May 18, 2015, Kazakhstan’s Constitutional Council found two pieces of pending anti-gay “propaganda” legislation unconstitutional. Denial: Semitism? The later stages of the process by analysis outline which amendments, including the amendment introducing the ban on “propaganda” of nontraditional sexual orientation, had been introduced, debated, and passed through the parliament and executive office, however, was troublingly non-transparent.
The months-long consideration of the laws since the propaganda clauses were introduced also stoked fears among LGBT people in Plan Store Essay, Kazakhstan because of the analysis, hateful message the character, laws sent and the potential impact had they come into force. The two draft laws passed the upper house of Kazakhstan’s parliament, the Senate, on February 19, 2015. Poem Outline? The bills were titled: “On Protecting Children from Information Harmful to Their Health and Development” and an accompanying set of laws entitled “On Amendments and Plan Adventure Essay, Additions to Several Legal Acts of the Republic of poem analysis outline Kazakhstan Concerning the Protection of Children from Information Harmful to Their Health and Development.” The draft laws appeared to include a broad ban on night character the publication or sharing of information relating to same-sex relations in settings where children might receive or encounter that information.  Specifically, according to information available online, an analysis essay outline amendment to the draft bill “On Protecting Children from Information Harmful to Marketing Adventure Store their Health and Development” broadly prohibited “propagandizing nontraditional sexual orientation” among children. An amendment to the draft bill “On Amendments and Additions to several legal acts of the Republic of poem Kazakhstan concerning the protection of children from information harmful their health and development” would have introduced changes to the law “On Broadcasting,” including a ban on the broadcasting of “foreign television and radio material that contains information harmful to Essay Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism the health and development of children, and which propagandizes nontraditional sexual orientation.” As discussed in more detail below, while such laws speak of concerns for children, the risk is that such a law could be applied to analysis essay outline any and all materials that include positive portrayals of LGBT individuals of any kind, including materials aimed at adult readers. On March 26, Human Rights Watch wrote to the Kazakhstan presidential administration seeking clarity on the content of the draft legislation, but never received a reply. - Psychologist at an HIV clinic, Almaty. Nearly everyone Human Rights Watch interviewed in the four dimensions of a are warmth, discipline,, Kazakhstan in poem, March 2015 as the drafts moved from the Senate to the president for signature expressed fear of the impending laws. As one 28-year-0ld lesbian in Astana explained: “If the law comes into effect, it’s not about its specific use.
It’s about giving sanction to the homophobia that is already everywhere around us. We feel it constantly, this law would just put it on paper.”  As a doctor at IMB and Microsoft History Essay an HIV clinic in Almaty put it: “If the propaganda bill becomes law, the LGBT community will go into deeper hiding. We will become a clinic that registers deaths of young men because they don’t get care in poem analysis essay outline, time due to fear of being honest about Marketing Adventure Store Essay, themselves – and this fear will be in law.”  The provisions in the draft laws are discriminatory and would limit free expression and freedom of the media in Kazakhstan by effectively preventing dissemination of information and any positive affirmation of LGBT people. The final stages of the process surrounding the draft laws were troublingly non-transparent, making it very difficult to fully verify the progress of the draft laws. A number of local and international human rights groups expressed concern about the bills.
Amnesty International issued a public urgent action alert about the draft legislation on March 26, 2015.  On April 14, 2015, the International Partnership for essay Human Rights, along with the Kazakhstan International Bureau for who is odysseus father Human Rights and Rule of Law, wrote an open letter to the International Olympic Committee calling on them to ensure the “propaganda” law did not pass.  - Anara K., a transgender woman in Almaty. On March 17, 2015, the website of the Constitutional Council indicated that the bills were on its docket for review.  On May 26, a Constitutional Council’s spokesperson announced that the poem outline, bills had been found unconstitutional given their “vague wording.” On June 25, the Kazakhstanska Pravda newspaper reportedly published the character analysis, Constitutional Council decision dated May 18.  Media reports quoting the Constitutional Council clarify that the rejection of the legislation was strictly on analysis essay outline technical grounds and that the government of Kazakhstan reserves the right to “enact laws that restrict citizens’ rights to access and distribute information as part of its responsibility to ‘defend marriage and family, motherhood, fatherhood and Denial: A New Anti- Essay, childhood.’”  Another media report quoted a member of parliament saying the draft legislation would be introduced in parliament again before the end of this year, reiterating that the poem essay, Constitutional Council’s decision was only technical.  While the Holocaust New Anti- Semitism, Constitutional Council set an important precedent by rejecting this discriminatory legislation, its decision does not address the discriminatory elements of the poem essay, draft “propaganda” legislation. Authorities should do more to tackle homophobic attitudes and discrimination in Kazakhstan. This includes providing sensitivity training, including about sexual orientation and gender identity, to about Cuban Missile Crisis-Individual, police, health care workers, and social service providers, and the government should publicly condemn acts of violence and discrimination. On June 29, 2013, Russian president Vladimir Putin signed Federal Law No. 135-FZ which, like the legislation proposed in 2015 in essay, Kazakhstan, bans the Adventure Store, “promotion of essay outline nontraditional sexual relationship to minors,” a reference that is universally understood to be lesbian, gay, and night character analysis, bisexual relationships.  In a report published in December 2014, Human Rights Watch documented LGBT people being beaten, abducted, humiliated, and called “pedophiles” or “perverts,” in some cases by homophobic vigilante groups and in others by strangers on the subway, on the street, at nightclubs, at cafes, and in one case, at a job interview. Poem?  As reactions to Russia’s “propaganda” law demonstrate, such legislation violates international human rights standards and can stoke hate and violence against LGBT people.
A legal opinion issued in June 2013 by the Venice Commission, the Council of Europe’s advisory panel on constitutional matters, concluded that Russia’s federal anti-LGBT (at that time draft) law was “incompatible with the European Convention on Human Rights and dimensions parenting, international human rights standards” and should be repealed.  Like in Kazakhstan, Russia’s law was promoted and drafted by politicians who purported it would protect children from analysis, a potential harmful subject matter. However, in a January 2014 review of Russia’s compliance with the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Committee on Cuban the Rights of the Child recommended that the Russian authorities repeal the law and “ensure that children who belong to LGBTI groups or children of LGBTI families are not subjected to any forms of discrimination by poem analysis essay outline raising the awareness of the for an Store, public on equality and nondiscrimination based on essay sexual orientation and dimensions of a parenting style communication,, gender identity.”  Human Rights Watch wrote on June 23, 2015 to Kazakhstan’s Constitutional Council and Presidential Administration seeking clarity on the content of the drafts that were under consideration and the Constitutional Council’s decision. On July 13, the analysis essay, Constitutional Council replied, confirming the date they issued their decision (May 18) on the constitutionality of the Marketing Plan Store, bills, noting that the decision had been published on June 25 in two official newspapers. Essay? However, the Constitutional Council did not provide Human Rights Watch copies of the final drafts of the Microsoft History Essay, bills or of the decision as requested. Poem Essay?  Kazakhstan’s Human Rights Legal Obligations. Despite some protections for Essay discrimination on the basis of analysis sex, which could be interpreted to protect against discrimination against LGBT people, Kazakhstan’s laws offer no specific protection for Marketing for an Store Essay discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity.
The government’s pejorative construal of homosexuality in some policies, moreover, makes it unlikely that authorities will apply existing law in poem analysis essay, ways that extend meaningful protections to LGBT individuals. Kazakhstan’s laws contain protections against discrimination that can protect sexual orientation. However, the lack of specific mention of sexual orientation leaves protection gaps. Kazakhstan’s Constitution, under article 14, part 2, guarantees that: “No one shall be subject to discrimination for reasons of … sex … or any other circumstances.” It also guarantees, under article 20, “freedom of speech and parenting are warmth, discipline,, creative activities.” Kazakhstan’s Criminal Code forbids: “ Direct or indirect restriction of rights and freedoms of a person (citizen) on the grounds of origin, social, official capacity or property status, gender, race, nationality, language, attitude towards religion, convictions, place of residence, belonging to public association, or any other circumstances.”  The Administrative Code Article 9 on “Equality in court and law” states: “Everyone is equal in court and poem, law in Holocaust, administrative procedure. Nobody can be subjected to discrimination on the grounds of origin, social, position, property, sex, race, nationality, language, religious views, convictions, residence or any other circumstances.” The Code on Public Health and essay outline, Healthcare System, in Article 91 on Patients’ Rights, states: “The patient has a right to … medical assistance in order of Essay precedence determined by poem analysis medical criteria with no discrimination factors.”  But beyond the absence of enumerated protections on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity, other policies in Kazakhstan openly discriminate on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity, stigmatizing LGBT people. For example, the “Requirements for Cuban Health Status of Law Enforcement Servicemen” deems applicants unfit if they have “personality disorders” including “gender identity disorder [and] sexual preference disorder.”  The 2001 Concept of outline Moral and Sex Education in the Republic of Kazakhstan lists homosexuality in the same section as “teen prostitution,” and alcohol and who is odysseus father, drug consumption.  Kazakhstan’s National Human Rights Action Plan 2009-2012 only analysis, mentions LGBT people once, in the human trafficking section, where it remarks: “The recipients of profit are transnational organizations of dealers and pimps.”  The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), which Kazakhstan ratified in who is father, 2006, requires states to “respect and to ensure to poem analysis essay outline all individuals within its territory and subject to its jurisdiction the rights recognized in the present Covenant, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth, or other status.”  In the 1994 case of Toonen v. Australia , the U.N.
Human Rights Committee, the authoritative body responsible for interpreting the ICCPR and monitoring States’ compliance with their obligations, held that “sexual orientation” was a status protected from discrimination under the ICCPR’s equality clauses.  Specifically, it held that “the reference to ‘sex’ in article 2, paragraph 1 and night character analysis, article 26 is to be taken as including sexual orientation.”  Two resolutions by analysis essay the Human Rights Council, in 2011 and in 2014, affirmed these principles.  As party to the ICCPR, Kazakhstan has an obligation to respect freedom of expression; the personal, private, and family lives of individuals; the right to equality; and the ban on discrimination in the enjoyment of those rights. The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), which Kazakhstan acceded to in 1998, obligates states in article 1 to eradicate any distinction, exclusion, or restriction made on the basis of who is father sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment, or exercise by women, irrespective of their marital status, on a basis of equality of men and women of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field. Essay? CEDAW article 5.a. commits states “to modify the social and cultural patterns of conduct of men and odysseus, women, with a view to achieving the elimination of prejudices and customary and all other practices which are based on the idea of the inferiority or the poem essay, superiority of either of the sexes or on stereotyped roles for men and women.” Both articles are violated when people are singled out for unequal treatment because they fail to conform to social or cultural expectations for women and men.  The 2006 Yogyakarta Principles on the Application of International Human Rights Law in relation to Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity affirm the standards of the ICCPR and CEDAW. Microsoft History Essay? The Principles state: “Everyone is entitled to enjoy all human rights without discrimination on analysis the basis of dimensions of a parenting communication, sexual orientation or gender identity.” They instruct states to amend domestic legislation accordingly, including by targeting public and private acts of discrimination. Analysis Outline?  The Yogyakarta Principles instruct states to “take all necessary legislative, administrative, and other measures to prevent and provide protection from torture and of a parenting style are warmth,, cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment, perpetrated for reasons relating to poem analysis outline the sexual orientation or gender identity of the who is, victim, as well as the incitement of such acts.”  This report was researched by Kyle Knight, researcher in the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender rights program at poem analysis essay Human Rights Watch, and Mihra Rittmann, researcher in the Europe and Central Asia division. Syinat Sultanalieva provided valuable interpretation and research assistance in Kazakhstan. The report was written by Kyle Knight and reviewed by Marketing Plan Adventure Essay Mihra Rittmann, Graeme Reid, director of the LGBT rights program, Aisling Reidy, senior legal adviser, and poem essay, Joe Saunders, deputy program director.
Kathryn Zehr and Viktoriya Kim, associate and coordinator, respectively, in the Europe and Central Asia division, provided valuable support during the A New Anti-, research process. Minky Worden, director of analysis global initiatives, Jane Buchanan, associate director of the Europe and Central Asia division, and Boris Dittrich, advocacy director in who is, the LGBT rights program, engaged with the International Olympics Committee as part of the research for this report. Adam Frankel, coordinator in the LGBT rights program, and Elizabeth Wilke, associate in the development and outreach department and LGBT rights program, Grace Choi, publications director, and Kathy Mills, publications specialist, provided production assistance. Human Rights Watch would like to thank the activists, experts, and LGBT people who gave us their valuable time during the research for this report, and shared with us their analysis and personal stories. Letter from Human Rights Watch to the Constitutional Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Rogov Igor Ivanovich. Chairman of the poem analysis essay, Constitutional Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Dear Mr. Igor Ivanovich, On behalf of Human Rights Watch, please accept our regards. As you may know, Human Rights Watch is an international nongovernmental organization that investigates and IMB and Microsoft History, reports on human rights abuses in over 90 countries.
Human Rights Watch has been monitoring the situation in Kazakhstan for approximately 20 years. We work on poem essay a range of human rights issues, including freedom of expression and the media, children’s rights, and the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and A Semitism Essay examples, transgender (LGBT) people in countries worldwide. We are currently preparing a report on analysis essay outline LGBT rights in Kazakhstan. In March, colleagues in our LGBT program and Europe and Central Asia division travelled to Marketing Plan Adventure Essay Kazakhstan and spoke to a range of LGBT people and poem essay, relevant human rights and Holocaust New Anti- Essay examples, health experts to gather information about this issue. Human Rights Watch makes every effort to ensure that our findings include the government’s perspective. We are thus writing to inquire about two bills that had passed the analysis, upper house of Kazakhstan’s senate, and which were reviewed and ultimately rejected by Kazakhstan’s Constitutional Council. These are “On Protecting Children from Information Harmful to their Health and Development” and On Amendments and Marketing Plan Store Essay, Additions to several legal acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan concerning the protection of children from information harmful to their health and development.” There was no transparency in the process by which the bills moved from the Senate to the Constitutional Council and, to date, there are no publicly accessible versions of the final copy of the poem analysis essay, bills or the Constitutional Council’s decision. On March 26, 2015, we sent a letter to IMB and History Essay the Presidential Administration inquiring about the analysis essay, content of the final drafts of the above-mentioned two bills and expressing our serious concern that they appeared to contain discriminatory provisions that, if adopted, would violate Kazakhstan’s constitution and international legal obligations.
Regrettably, we did not receive a response to our letter. A government website indicates that on April 29, the draft laws were with the Constitutional Council. According to IMB and Microsoft Essay limited publicly available information, the poem outline, Constitutional Council announced on May 26, 2015, that the pending legislation was unconstitutional because of the bills’ vague wording. Media reports quoting Constitutional Council officials reiterate that the Council’s findings are narrowly limited to the vagueness of the legislation.  While the Constitutional Council took an important decision in rejecting the propaganda bills, we remain concerned that the decision does not address the discriminatory elements of the bills and potentially leaves open the possibility that such bills could be considered in the future. During our research on the human rights situation for LGBT people in Kazakhstan, we interviewed people who expressed intense fears of how such laws would sanction hatred, discrimination, and violence against the LGBT community in Kazakhstan. We interviewed victims of violence who had been unable to achieve appropriate redress for the abuses they had suffered because of about Missile Realism hateful attitudes and discriminatory behavior on the part of police and social service providers.
We heard from LGBT people and public health practitioners how readily-available public information about sexual orientation and gender identity in Kazakhstan was already harmfully distorted, and would only become more restricted and inaccurate if a so-called “propaganda” law came into effect. We seek clarification about the content of the final drafts of the bills as they were reviewed by the Constitutional Council, and essay, the official analysis of the Council in finding the legislation unconstitutional. Night Analysis? Could your office kindly provide Human Rights Watch a copy of the final drafts of the bills, as well as a copy of the analysis essay, decision of the IMB and History Essay, Constitutional Council announced on analysis essay outline May 26, 2015? We would also be happy to the four dimensions are warmth, receive any additional relevant information or materials you wish to poem outline provide on these issues. Thank you for your attention to this letter. We look forward to Plan for an Adventure Store your reply by July 1, 2015 so that we may accurately reflect the government of the Republic of Kazakhstan’s perspective in poem, our forthcoming report. We can be reached at: Human Rights Watch. Neue Promenade 5. 10178 Berlin, Germany. Human Rights Watch.
350 5 th Avenue, 34 th Floor. New York, NY 10118, USA. Europe and Central Asia Division. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Rights Program. Letter from the Constitutional Council of the Denial: New Anti- Semitism Essay examples, Republic of analysis essay outline Kazakhstan to Human Rights Watch. Received July 13, 2015. STATE INSTITUTION “CONSTITUTIONAL COUNCIL OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN” 39 Kunaev St., Astana 010000, Kazakhstan.
Tel.: (7172) 74 76 31. IMB And? Fax: (7172) 74 76 51. To: Hugh Williamson. Director, Europe and Central Asia Division. Human Rights Watch. Director, Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Rights Program.
Human Rights Watch. We are referring to your letter of June 16, 2015. Indeed, on May 18, 2015 the Constitutional Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan at its open meeting reviewed and made its final decision on the submission by the Chairman of the Senate of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan who asked to check conformity of the Kazakhstan’s laws “On Protecting Children from Information Harmful to their Health and Development” and “On Amendments and Additions to several legal acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan concerning the protection of children from essay outline, information harmful to their health and development” to the Kazakhstan’s Constitution and the request by the Chairman of Mazhilis of the Parliament of the Republic of for an Adventure Essay Kazakhstan to give a formal interpretation of analysis essay outline several constitutional provisions. The submission and the request were consolidated into a single constitutional proceeding. On June 25, 2015, regulatory resolution N3 of the Constitutional Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan of May 18, 2015 was published in official newspapers, namely in Kazakhstanskaya Pravda and Adventure, Egemen Kazakhstan . The Constitutional Council and its Apparatus do not comment on analysis essay outline the decisions taken. Head of Marketing Plan for an Apparatus.
Prepared by I.Maripova, tel.:74-76-25.  A 2008 Human Rights Watch report documented similar abuses in Kyrgyzstan. Human Rights Watch, These Everyday Humiliations: Violence Against Lesbians, Bisexual Woman, and poem essay outline, Transgender Men in Holocaust Denial: A Semitism, Kyrgyzstan, October 2008, http://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/kyrgyzstan1008.pdf .  Soros Foundation—Kazakhstan, Unacknowledged and poem outline, Unprotected: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People in Kazakhstan, November 2009, http://www.soros.kz/uploads/user_67/2013_09_04__04_43_19__269.pdf (accessed July 16, 2015).  Human Rights Watch interview with Alexander M. (pseudonym), Astana, March 23, 2015.  Human Rights Watch interview with Nikolai B. (pseudonym), Almaty, April 9, 2015.  Human Rights Watch interview with Anya L. (pseudonym), Almaty, March 20, 2015.  Human Rights Watch interview with Anya L. (pseudonym), Almaty, March 20, 2015.  Human Rights Watch interview with Galina T. (pseudonym), Astana, March 23, 2015.
 Human Rights Watch interview with Damira K. Plan For An Essay? (pseudonym), Almaty, March 17, 2015.  Human Rights Watch interview with Oleg B. (pseudonym), Almaty, March 19, 2015.  Human Rights Watch interview with Daniil O. (pseudonym), Astana, March 23, 2015.  Human Rights Watch interview with Aliya C. (pseudonym), Astana, March 24, 2015.  Human Rights Watch interview with Daniil O. (pseudonym), March 23, 2015.  Information on the commissioner’s office is available at: http://www.ombudsman.kz/en/ ; information on poem analysis the human rights center, its affiliate institution that “provides the Commissioner for Human Rights with information on the legislation of the Republic of about Cuban Missile Kazakhstan, international treaties of the Republic of outline Kazakhstan in the sphere of human rights,” is available at: http://www.ombudsman.kz/en/about/polozhenie_o_centre.php .  Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, International Coordinating Committee of National Institutions for the Promotion and night character, Protection of Human Rights, Chart of the poem essay, Status of National Institutes, http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Countries/NHRI/Chart_Status_NIs.pdf (accessed July 15, 2015).  Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, “Concluding observations on the combined sixth and seventh periodic reports of Kazakhstan,” CERD/C/KAZ/CO/6-7, March 14, 2014, http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/Download.aspx?symbolno=CERD/C/KAZ/CO/6-7Lang=En (accessed July 16, 2015).  Kazakhstan Bureau for Human Rights and Essay Cuban, Rule of Law, “Kazakhstan: Analysis of National Legislation Discriminating Against or Violating Rights of LGBT Community,” 2015, on file with Human Rights Watch.
 International Planned Parenthood Federation, “HIV prevention: why sexuality needs a makeover in Kazakhstan,” July 23, 2014, http://www.ippf.org/news/blogs/HIV-prevention-why-sexuality-needs-makeover-Kazakhstan .  Soros Foundation-Kazakhstan, “Unacknowledged and Unprotected: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People in Kazakhstan,” 2009, http://www.soros.kz/uploads/user_67/2013_09_04__04_43_19__269.pdf (accessed April 30, 2015).  Mark Berry, et al., “Risk Factors for HIV and Unprotected Anal Intercourse among Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) in Almaty, Kazakhstan,” PLoS ONE, August 24, 2012 (accessed July 16, 2015), http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0043071.  Anna Deryabina and Larisa Bashmakova, “ Report on analysis outline the results of the GFATM second round HIV project in the Republic of Kazakhstan,” June 2009, http://www.rcaids.kz/files/00000094.pdf (accessed July 16, 2015). HIV programs include MSM on Marketing Adventure paper, and there is a MSM representative on the Country Coordinating Mechanism, the monitoring body for analysis essay all Global Fund grants in A Semitism examples, country. However in a 2015 report, the poem analysis essay outline, Eurasian Coalition on Male Health noted “the need to work with [MSM] is not recognized.” Eurasian Coalition on Male Health, “The Global Fund New Funding Model and Country Dialogue: Involvement of MSM and Transgender People in Eastern Europe and Central Asia,” 2015, http://ecomnetwork.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/ECOM-Country-Dialogue-Report-V2.pdf (accessed July 16, 2015).  Human Rights Watch interview with Nikolai B. (pseudonym), Almaty, April 9, 2015.  Human Rights Watch interview with Anya L. (pseudonym), Almaty, March 20, 2015.  Human Rights Watch interview with Anara K. (pseudonym), Almaty, March 18, 2015.  Open Society Foundations, “License to Be Yourself: Laws and Advocacy for Legal Gender Recognition of Trans People,” May 2014, http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/reports/license-be-yourself (accessed July 8, 2015).  Human Rights Watch interview with Vadim K. (pseudonym), Astana, March 24, 2015.
 Human Rights Watch interview with Anya L. (pseudonym), Almaty, March 20, 2015.  Human Rights Watch interview with Slava N. Cuban Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism? (pseudonym), Astana, March 24, 2015.  Human Rights Watch interview with Vadim K. (pseudonym), Astana, March 24, 2015.  Order of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan, June 3, 2003, No. 435, “On the Guidelines of Medical Investigation of analysis essay outline People with Gender Identification Disorders,” http://www.shb-info.org/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderfiles/kazakhstan.pdf (accessed July 8, 2015).  Code on People’s Health and System of Healthcare of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 2009, art. 88.  LGBT Organization Labrys (Kyrgyzstan) in cooperation with NGO Amulet (Kazakhstan), ILGA-Europe, and Sexual Rights Initiative, “Recommendations on Sexual Rights in Kazakhstan 7th session of Plan Universal Periodic Review,” http://sexualrightsinitiative.com/wp-content/uploads/Kazakhstan-UPR-7.pdf (accessed July 16, 2015).  Decree of the Government of the Republic of poem analysis Kazakhstan No. 1484, December 7, 2011; Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, art.
88, clause 3.  Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe Resolution 2048, Discrimination Against Transgender People in Europe , 2015, http://assembly.coe.int/nw/xml/XRef/X2H-Xref-ViewPDF.asp?FileID=21736lang=en (Accessed July 16, 2015).  The Yogyakarta Principles on the Application of Denial: A New Anti- Semitism International Human Rights Law in poem essay, relation to the four dimensions Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity, Principle 3, http://www.yogyakartaprinciples.org/principles_en_principles.htm (accessed July 8, 2015).  United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture, “Report on Torture in Healthcare Settings,” February 1, 2013, http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/HRBodies/HRCouncil/RegularSession/Session22/A.HRC.22.53_English.pdf (accessed July 16, 2015).  Human Rights Watch interview with Olga V. Poem Essay? (pseudonym), Karaganda, March 22, 2015. This reporter conducted a survey of journalists in Karaganda in 2012 on the occasion of the Microsoft Essay, International Day Against Homophobia. She reports that 52 percent of her respondents said that the murders of LGBT people in analysis essay, that city were “irrelevant” because “a couple of murders of sexual minorities does not mean we can talk about discrimination against the group.” In addition, 24 percent of respondents said LGBT people were “sick” and therefore could not be shown to children, and another 45 percent said they hold “mainly a negative opinion” of Essay Cuban Missile Realism LGBT people.  The Bolashak (Future) national movement is a “national patriot’s republican movement” - not to be confused with President Nazarbayev’s “Bolashak,” which is an international educational scholarships program.  For media coverage of the Bolashak movement’s announcement of the roundtable to discuss the “need for the adoption of the law ‘On the prohibition of LGBT – propaganda,’” see: http://yvision.kz/post/428946 (accessed July 8, 2015). For a video clip of the poem outline, event, including discussions between the hosts and some LGBT activists who courageously attended, see: http://flashvideo.rferl.org/Videoroot/Pangeavideo/2014/09/7/7f/7fd49c42-a50e-46e0-a934-ca89e1c69b2e_mobile.mp4 (accessed July 8, 2015).
 Human Rights Watch interview with Askar B. Holocaust A New Anti- Essay? (pseudonym), Almaty, March 20, 2015.  For details of the analysis essay, multiple cases against Deti-404’s administrators, see: Human Rights Watch, “Russia: Court Hearing against LGBT Group,” April 3, 2015, http://www.hrw.org/news/2015/04/02/russia-court-hearing-against-lgbt-group .  Human Rights Watch interview with Askar B. (pseudonym), Almaty, March 20, 2015.  Human Rights Watch interview with Ninel V. (pseudonym), Almaty, March 19, 2015.  The Human Rights Campaign has described the “Regnerus Study,” named for its author, the sociologist Mark Regnerus, as follows: A large-scale, U.S. The Four Of A Parenting Style Communication,? population-based study on poem analysis essay outline the outcomes of young adults raised in various family structures, commissioned in father, 2010 by a social-conservative think tank called the Witherspoon Institute. The study’s intended goal – detailed in grant proposals, internal emails, and fundraising letters – was to debunk the widely accepted claim, bolstered by multiple sociology studies, that children do fine when raised by same-sex parents.
The study has been criticized for its flawed methodology; its suspect peer-review and publication process; and the involvement of the study’s ideologically motivated funders – an poem analysis essay outline involvement that was initially concealed. Meanwhile, the study continues to Plan for an be used as a political weapon against marriage and adoption rights for LGBT people all over the world. Human Rights Campaign, “Regenerus Fallout,” 2013, http://www.regnerusfallout.org/frequently-asked-questions (accessed May 5, 2015). Poem Analysis? In 2013 a Russian lawmaker cited the study while proposing a bill that would deny gay parents custody over their children. (See Associated Press, “Russian lawmaker proposes bill that would deny gay parents custody over children,” September 5, 2013, http://www.foxnews.com/world/2013/09/05/russian-lawmaker-proposes-bill-that-would-deny-gay-parents-custody-over .) Mark Regenerus has condemned the citation of his study for such purposes (See The Wire, “A Russian Lawmaker Is Misusing My Gay Parenting Study,” http://www.thewire.com/global/2013/09/russian-lawmaker-misusing-my-gay-parenting-study/69453/ .)  Human Rights Watch interview with Elena R. Marketing Plan Adventure Store Essay? (pseudonym), Astana, March 24, 2015.  Human Rights Watch interview with Anara K. Analysis Essay Outline? (pseudonym), Almaty, March 18, 2015.  Sexual Rights Initiative and Labrys, “Report on Holocaust A Semitism examples the occasion of Kazakhstan’s Universal Period Review,” 2010, http://sexualrightsinitiative.com/wp-content/uploads/Kazakhstan-UPR-7.pdf .  Human Rights Watch interview with Tamara A. Poem? (pseudonym), Almaty, March 19, 2015.
 Human Rights Watch interview with Ninel V. (pseudonym), March 19, 2015.  Draft Laws of the Republic of about Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism Kazakhstan, “On Protecting Children from Information Harmful to Their Health and essay, Development,” January 2015, http://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=31249501 (accessed July 20, 2015), and “On Amendments and Additions to Several Legal Acts of the for an Adventure Store, Republic of Kazakhstan Concerning the poem essay, Protection of Children from Information Harmful to Their Health and Development,” January 2015, http://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=31486605 (accessed July 20, 2015).  Human Rights Watch interview with Aliya C., Astana, March 24, 2015.  Human Rights Watch interview with Tamara A., Almaty, March 19, 2015.  Amnesty International, “Urgent Action: Kazakhstan - Stop LGBTI ‘Propaganda’ Legislation,” March 26, 2015, https://t.co/K8zUOY5KyC (accessed July 8, 2015).  International Partnership for Essay about Cuban Realism Human Rights and Kazakhstan International Bureau for Human Rights and Rule of poem analysis outline Law, “Open letter to the International Olympic Committee: Speak out against bill threatening LGBTI expression in Kazakhstan,” April 16, 2015, http://www.iphronline.org/ioc-letter-on-kazakhstan-20150416.html (accessed July 8, 2015).  Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan, IV Section V Convocation, September 1, 2014, http://www.parlam.kz/ru/senate/Activity/OpenInfoDocument/3231?infoId=10 (accessed July 16, 2015).
 TengriNews, “The bill to ban the Semitism, promotion of homosexuality will bring to Parliament before the end of the year,” June 18, 2015, http://tengrinews.kz/kazakhstan_news/zakonoproekt-zaprete-propagandyi-gomoseksualizma-vnesut-276407/ , (accessed June 18, 2015).  Federal Law of June 29, 2013 No. 135-FZ, “On Amendments to outline Article 5 of the Marketing Plan, Federal Law ‘On Protecting Children from Information Harmful to their Health and analysis outline, Development,’” http://www.rg.ru/2013/02/04/koap-homo-site-dok.html (accessed October 2, 2014). Who Is Father? The explanatory note of the anti-propaganda law in its bill form referred explicitly to: The promotion of homosexuality … carried out analysis outline via the media as well as via the active pursuit of public activities which try to odysseus portray homosexuality as normal behavior. This is poem analysis outline particularly dangerous for children and young people who are not able to IMB and History take a critical approach to this avalanche of information with which they are bombarded on a daily basis. In view of this, it is analysis essay outline essential first and foremost to protect the younger generation from exposure to the promotion of homosexuality. “Putin signed a law banning gay propaganda to IMB and History children [ - ],” RIA Novosti, June 30, 2013, http://ria.ru/politics/20130630/946660179.html (accessed September 15, 2014).  Human Rights Watch, “License to Harm: Violence and Harassment against LGBT People and Activists in Russia,” December 15, 2014, http://www.hrw.org/reports/2014/12/15/license-harm . 68 Council of analysis outline Europe Venice Commission, Opinion on the issue of the who is father, prohibition of so-called “Propaganda of analysis essay homosexuality” in the light of recent legislation in night character, some member states of the poem essay outline, Council of Europe, CDL-AD (2013) 022-e, June 18, 2013, http://www.venice.coe.int/webforms/documents/?pdf=CDL-AD(2013)022-e (accessed December 3, 2014). 69 United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child, Concluding observations on the combined fourth and fifth periodic reports of the the four dimensions of a parenting style are warmth,, Russian Federation, CRC/C/RUS/CO/4-5, January 31, 2014, http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/Treaties/CRC/Shared%20Documents/RUS/CRC_C_RUS_CO_4-5_16305_E.pdf (accessed December 3, 2014).
 Letters on file with Human Rights Watch and in Annex I and poem essay outline, II.  Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, July 3, 2014, entered into Adventure, force January 1, 2015, art. Poem Analysis Essay Outline? 145.  Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan on Public Health and Essay Realism, the Healthcare System, September 18, 2009, as amended, March 7 , 2014 .  Minister of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan, March 31, 2010, “On Enacting Requirements for analysis essay outline Health Status of Law-enforcement Servicemen,” order no. 132, registered by A the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan, April 15, 2010.  Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan, November 21, 2001, “On the Concept of Moral and analysis outline, Sex Education in the Republic of Kazakhstan,” enactment no. Character Analysis? 1500.  National Human Rights Action Plan of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 2009-2012, http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Issues/NHRA/Kazakhstan2009-2012.pdf (accessed July 8, 2015). Note that the English language version of Kazakhstan’s National Human Rights Action Plan 2009-2012 references ‘homosexuals’, however the Russian language version does not make such a reference.  International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, art.
2.1.  Nicholas Toonen v. Australia , Human Rights Committee, 50th Sess., Case No. Essay Outline? 488/1992, UN Doc. IMB And Microsoft History Essay? CCPR/c/50/D/488/1992.  The ICCPR states in article 26: “All persons are equal before the law and poem analysis essay outline, are entitled without any discrimination to the equal protection of the law. Denial: A Essay Examples? In this respect, the law shall prohibit any discrimination and guarantee to poem analysis essay outline all persons equal and effective protection against discrimination on any ground such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.”  During its 2010 Universal Periodic Review, Kazakhstan rejected 7 of 102 recommendations. One of the rejected recommendations, from who is, France, was: “Join the declaration on sexual orientation and gender identity, while noting with congratulations the decriminalization of homosexuality.” See http://www.upr-info.org/sites/default/files/document/kazakhstan/session_7_-_february_2010/recommendationstokazakhstan2010.pdf .  For example, in its concluding comments on Kyrgyzstan in analysis essay, 1999, the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women condemned reports that lesbians were subject to Microsoft punishment in Kyrgyzstan, and stated, “The Committee recommends that lesbianism be reconceptualized as a sexual orientation.” The Committee’s recommendation that lesbian identity be located under the rubric of “sexual orientation” requires according it the discrimination protections demanded under international law.
See Report of the poem analysis essay outline, Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (Fifty-fourth session, 1999), U.N. Doc A/54/38 (Part I), May 4, 1999, p. Dimensions Of A Parenting Are Warmth, Communication, And:? 128.  Yogyakarta Principles on the Application of International Human Rights Law in relation to outline Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity, principle 2.  Yogyakarta Principles, principle 10. The Olympics and Gay Propaganda in Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan: LGBT Community Living in Fear. Kazakhstan: Abusive Response to Oil Worker Strikes.
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Burma: Military Commits Crimes Against Humanity. Burma: Satellite Imagery Shows Mass Destruction. Burma: Targeted Sanctions, Arms Embargo Needed. Crimes against Humanity by Burmese Security Forces Against the Rohingya Muslim Population in Northern Rakhine State since August 25, 2017. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and analysis essay, bringing perpetrators to Essay Cuban justice.
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50 ways to improve your resume to land a financial services job. This could be the poem analysis outline, most comprehensive list of tips for writing a resume yet! Ensuring that your resume is very well crafted and answers the needs of the recruiter will. This could be the the four of a parenting style discipline, communication, and:, most comprehensive list of tips for writing a resume yet! Ensuring that your resume is very well crafted and answers the needs of the poem analysis, recruiter will increase your chances of getting a job interview. Who Is Odysseus! A good resume is the first step to landing that job you want. Our tips: 1. Don’t write “Curriculum Vitae” or “Resume” at the top. This simply isn’t the poem analysis essay outline, done thing anymore; it should be pretty obvious what it is. 2. Your name should come at the top. This is the current standard. It makes it easier for recruiters to sort out father, their pile of applications.
So, SexySuzy@hotmail.com or firstname.lastname@example.org felt like a cool email to have when you were 16. Essay! It unfortunately does not make you look professional or serious. Create a neutral email for your resume – nothing funny, saucy or rude is ideal. 4. Don’t include a title with your name. Your sex is not relevant. If you have a name like Sam or Alex, there is no need to write your title so that the employer knows whether you are male or female. Marketing For An Essay! In fact, having a gender neutral name might be an analysis, advantage. On average, the recruiter will assume you are male and as the job market currently tends to favor men over women, keeping it vague is probably a good thing. Character! 5. The only necessary personal information: email, phone number, mailing address.
Everything else does not matter and analysis should therefore not be included. 6. Marketing Plan Adventure! Don’t include marital status or sexual orientation. Whether you are single, married or divorced, gay or straight is completely irrelevant to the job; don’t include any of these personal details. Poem Analysis Outline! Importantly, giving too much personal information opens you up for discrimination. It doesn’t add to your value as a potential hire. 8. Don’t include your political affiliation. It doesn’t add to your value as a potential hire. Cuban! 9. Poem Essay! Don’t include any salary information. That said, using the correct words and appearing mature will signal the sort of pay packet you are after.
On inspection, most recruiters will know if they are dealing with a seasoned pro or an amateur. It used to be common to for an Store include your date of birth on your resume but by law that is no longer necessary in many developed countries. Your age doesn’t impact your ability to do most jobs so don’t include it. Arial is outline clean cut and looks very professional. If you really want to get it all on odysseus one page and poem analysis essay Arial is taking up too much space, use Arial Narrow. Most people have a very short attention span so the father, shorter it is, the more likely that the recruiter will get through the whole resume. Two pages is okay but even then, get the poem analysis, most critical job-grabbing information on page one.
13. How far back should you go? No more than 15 years, generally. As you gain work and night character life experience, you’ll need to start deleting some experiences because they simply don’t matter anymore. For instance, my resume when I finished high school had some positions of responsibility: Head of House, Captain of essay outline This, Captain of Marketing Adventure Essay That and I have deleted all of that now. It’s not relevant and has been superseded by analysis outline, my university and more recent experiences. Bullet points give structure to a resume/CV, they make it more punchy and much easier for the recruiter to read.
Don’t use full sentences or write like you are telling a story. Who Is Father! You can do that on your cover letter. 16. Don’t use personal pronouns – I, he, she, it, we, they, you. Poem Analysis! Get straight to the point. “I closed the largest sale of the year” is the four dimensions parenting style are warmth, discipline, and: too long, just say “Closed largest sale in 2012” Generally, a professional resume/CV does not have a border. If President Obama had to poem analysis outline write a resume do you see him having borders on it? For some reason, I cannot. Even from the very outset, you want your resume to have the air of History a Statesman – clean, confident, professional, to the point. 18. Analysis Essay Outline! Don’t try to be too different, no fancy stuff.
Take it from someone that’s had to recruit before. Above and beyond looking clear and smart, there is nothing more annoying than someone who tries to stand out by a) adding graphics to their resume or b) presenting the information in a totally different way to the standard. If you have a pile of 50+ resumes to get through (and a lot of recruiters nowadays have many more), it is a lot easier to get the work done when people follow the usual order of things. Education first, work experience second, then everything else after that. When I want to hire, I just want someone that can do the job and having a cool resume isn’t going to differentiate you. If anything, some might assume you are trying to compensate for A Semitism Essay examples a lack of poem analysis essay outline something. Some resumes look downright shoddy.
A recruiter who has a large pile of resumes to get through will not waste their time on someone that couldn’t bother to New Anti- neaten their resume up. There are free resume templates to get you started. Place dates either on the left or the right so it’s easy to follow your education and work experience path. Poem Outline! Merging it all together with your bullet points is a) messy and Marketing Plan for an Store b) can suggest you are trying to analysis outline hide career gaps. 21. Date formats should be consistent. Night Character! Generally, if I just have a year, I write the full year. If I have months and the year, I shorten the year because the resume starts looking clogged up. Poem! Good format for year: 2012. Bad format for year: ‘12.
Good format for month and year: Sep-12. Bad format for month and year: September 2012 (it takes up too much space) Unless the employer asks for it, you don’t need to IMB and Microsoft have a photograph of yourself on poem analysis essay your resume/CV. Who Is Odysseus Father! If you’re applying for a modelling job then your portfolio of pictures might be necessary as it is obviously a very necessary feature of the job. 23. General rule: most recent information goes first. Outline! Put the most recent education and Essay about Missile Realism the most recent work experience first. So, under education, university comes first and essay then secondary or high school information. Under work experience, the Essay, most recent work experience is analysis essay put first.
24. Relevance rule: most job-relevant information goes first. If the Cuban Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism, most recent work experience is not the most relevant, place the most relevant work experience first. Applying for a job in the UK? Then use British English. Applying for a job in the USA? Then use American English.
By the outline, way, to the British it’s a CV; to History Americans it’s a resume. It will definitely reduce your chances of poem essay getting a job. If I’m recruiting and I see a typo, I’m probably going to throw that resume/CV in the trash unless there are other redeeming features. Who Is! 27. Don’t use text language, jargon, acronyms or slang. This is a big no-no. Text language is essentially a typo. It should not feature anywhere on outline your resume.
Jargon will make it difficult for the recruiter to understand your background. Remember, resumes normally get filtered by Human Resources (HR) before they are passed on to the teams that need to hire. HR might not be familiar with some jargon. Same applies for Denial: A examples acronyms; unless they are accepted acronyms like USA, UK etc. an acronym is essentially jargon. You should spell out your acronym first (like HR in the previous sentence) if you intend to use it. Slang is simply not professional, do not use slang. Especially if you are applying as an experienced hire, under education and work experience, make sure the job titles are very specific and that they sell you. Specific titles allow the analysis essay outline, recruiter to very quickly decide if you have the Holocaust Denial: New Anti- Semitism examples, necessary qualifications and poem essay outline experiences for the job. Bad title: Analyst at Bank X. Good title: Analyst on Energy Team in Investment Banking Division at Bank X. 29. List all the of a parenting style are warmth, discipline, communication, and:, positions you held in one firm separately. If you’ve been with one company for a long time, it’s likely that your title and/or job function has changed over analysis essay, the years.
It is helpful to potential employers if you can break down that timeline. Segmenting the information gives an employer useful insight into the nature of your experience. 30. Lacking in work experience? Focus on skills and qualities. When you are just starting out, you may well not have any work experience. Plan Essay! However, if you have time, get some work experience.
Even unpaid work e.g. volunteering at poem essay, a charity shop or at Plan Essay, an Olympics or other event is great to have on your resume/CV. It doesn’t matter if you say you’re a great team player or have fantastic communication or leadership skills unless you can back that up. If you have a “Team-working Skills” section have examples of when you have worked on a team e.g. in sport. If you have an “Organizational Skills” section have examples of when you organized an event. Essay! Always validate skills and qualities with examples. 32.
Include Positions of Responsibility. Positions of responsibility e.g. being Head Girl, Head of House or Captain reveal that you have experience in being a leader and managing people. Indeed, they might also reveal that your are popular and personable – more often than not, to be Head Girl, Head Boy or Head of House teachers or the whole student body have to vote for you. Night Character! If you’re still in school or university and there’s time, try to outline attain a position of responsibility in Microsoft History some club or society. Achievements reveal very different information to analysis essay outline Positions of Responsibility, they show you are a goal-setter and analysis an achiever in either sport, the arts or academics. This in analysis turn reveals you’re a hard-worker, persevering and have initiative. Getting an award for something is not usually easy, it requires some amount of grit and determination.
34. Be careful about including interests. Don’t include hobbies. Some interests open you up to the four of a parenting style are warmth, discipline, communication, and: being judged harshly. Unless they add to your value as a potential hire you don’t need to add hobbies.
At times including a hobby may relay useful insight, for instance, if you’re applying for essay a role where a lot of of a parenting communication, reading will be required e.g. reading legal or other documents, then mentioning that you’re a prolific reader and that you can read a 300-paged book in one afternoon is of value. Poem Analysis Outline! 35. Look decisive, don’t tarnish your loyalty card. Employers want to hire someone that will stay for a while. If your resume shows that you chop and change jobs very regularly, this will act against you. For An Store Essay! It will show one or more of the following: You’re not loyal. You’re a risky hire. Overall, the poem essay, resume needs to be consistent. Numbers help to further credentialize you. If you’re applying for a sales position add examples of sales targets you have reached or exceeded. Emerging Market FX Sales, Bank X. Increased sales revenue by 20% in first year and a further 15% in Missile second year.
Was one of the top three sales people every single year for 5 years. You can also throw in statistics showing your ranking at school or in university. 37. Don’t include reasons for why you left your old job. It’s not necessary on a resume as it doesn’t add value to why you might be a good candidate for the job. Of course, it is poem essay outline likely to night character come up in interviews so make sure you have a good response to the question.
There is no space on a resume for complaints or criticisms of previous employers. If you didn’t like a certain job or activity that you took part in, don’t say that. Recruiters don’t like complainers or problem-makers. Your employer will find out when you start work if you exaggerated anything or a background check might bring out inconsistencies. You could lose your job, or end up in court if particularly egregious.
It’s not worth it, don’t do it. 40. Have different resumes for essay outline different roles. For An Store Essay! If you are applying for exactly the same type of job in different companies then the same resume will suffice. However, if you are making applications based on different job specs then you need to customize your resume.
41. Before you send it off, match your resume against the job specification. Ensure that your resume includes as much as possible regarding what the employer has asked for. That said, a major point to keep in poem analysis mind: you don’t need to have 100% of what has been requested. Statistics show that men frequently apply for a job even when they only partly match the Microsoft, person specification. Women usually only make the application when they have everything. I say, be a man! 42.
Check it twice then get a fresh pair of eyes to look over it again. This is related to the point on essay typos. When you have been working on your resume for Cuban Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism a long time you might fail to see inconsistencies that a fresh pair of eyes will pick up immediately. Get a professional resume writer to review your resume and poem outline increase your chances of who is odysseus getting a job interview. Nowadays recruiters including head hunters frequently use searchable databases to find a candidate. This is also true on LinkedIn. When I am looking for someone I will type “Head of Diversity Recruiting at Company X” or “Marketing Expert, New York” etc. Make sure your resume uses the outline, correct keywords for the job you are looking for, so you are visible on dimensions of a parenting style communication, these searches. 44. Mention any prominent industry specialists that you’ve worked with.
This will help to credentialize you. Prominent specialists don’t waste their time working with small-timers. Having had access to poem analysis outline and worked with people of this caliber adds credibility to your profile. It is more common for people to about Realism just write “References available on request”. Some people think this is daft because that’s stating the obvious.
However, I would say include this line if there’s space. It doesn’t do you any harm. 46. Update your resume and poem your LinkedIn profile regularly. Ensure you have an updated resume/CV and profile on LinkedIn so you’re ready to take advantage of your next opportunity. We live in a fast paced world; your next job offer is always around the corner. Head hunters are constantly scanning people’s profiles on LinkedIn to fill new positions. Gone are the days when people sat in the same job for 30 to 40 years at a time.
47. Print your resume on a high-quality printer. This ensures it looks attractive and professional. 48. Plan Adventure! Print your resume on high-quality textured paper. This adds to the look of professionalism. As most candidates will have used ordinary white paper, you will stand out. 49. Email your resume in PDF format. PDF looks cleaner and outline can be viewed in the same way on the four of a style are warmth, discipline, any computer. Poem Essay! If, for instance, your resume is written in Microsoft Word, sending it in that format means: All the paragraph marks, and tables etc. will show – that’s not very attractive.
A recruiter using an Apple computer without Microsoft Word installed will have the formats re-arranged – again, this is unappealing. 50. Consider getting professional help. Especially during recessionary times, employers are inundated with resumes for about Cuban Realism available positions. Poem Analysis Outline! Getting a professional to dimensions parenting style discipline, and: look at analysis essay, your resume and mark it up is a worthy investment.
It’s especially useful if you’re new to the job market. Sent your resume out for many positions and heard nothing back? Get a professional resume writer to check if your resume/CV could be the Holocaust New Anti- examples, problem. Well, I don#8217;t totally agree with points 12 and 18. Pt 12 : in some job, it#8217;s considered as a lack of experience if your CV is only 1-page length. Those damn#8217; consultants, for example : maybe because part of their job is producing studies and other documents valued by their weight (the more pages, the better the study), they tend to consider that the longer the CV, the outline, better. I#8217;ve heard more than once #8220;only two pages ? but you have more than ten years of experience !#8221;. Pt 18 : if you are no longer a #8220;junior#8221; in your job, I was taught that it#8217;s better to put the experience before the the four dimensions of a style are warmth, discipline, communication,, education.
The comment is under moderation. It will appear shortly. Poem Analysis Essay Outline! eFinancialCareers is a DHI service. DHI is a publicly-traded company listed on the New York Stock Exchange. (Ticker: DHX) © Copyright 2000-2017 eFinancialCareers Ltd. Microsoft History! Want to see articles like this in outline your inbox? Sign up to the eFinancialCareers newsletter today.
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How to Write an Interpretive Essay and …
essay nature human A subtle chain of countless rings. The next unto the farthest brings; The eye reads omens where it goes, And speaks all languages the analysis essay rose; And, striving to be man, the worm. Mounts through all the spires of form. Introduction Our age is IMB and, retrospective. Poem Essay Outline. It builds the odysseus sepulchres of the fathers.
It writes biographies, histories, and criticism. The foregoing generations beheld God and nature face to face; we, through their eyes. Why should not we also enjoy an original relation to the universe? Why should not we have a poetry and philosophy of insight and not of tradition, and poem analysis outline a religion by revelation to us, and not the history of theirs? Embosomed for a season in nature, whose floods of life stream around and through us, and invite us by the powers they supply, to action proportioned to nature, why should we grope among the dry bones of the past, or put the living generation into masquerade out of its faded wardrobe? The sun shines to-day also. There is night character, more wool and flax in the fields. There are new lands, new men, new thoughts. Let us demand our own works and laws and worship. Undoubtedly we have no questions to ask which are unanswerable. We must trust the perfection of the creation so far, as to analysis believe that whatever curiosity the order of things has awakened in our minds, the odysseus father order of things can satisfy.
Every man's condition is a solution in hieroglyphic to those inquiries he would put. He acts it as life, before he apprehends it as truth. Essay. In like manner, nature is already, in its forms and tendencies, describing its own design. Let us interrogate the Missile Crisis-Individual, great apparition, that shines so peacefully around us. Let us inquire, to what end is nature? All science has one aim, namely, to find a theory of nature. We have theories of races and of functions, but scarcely yet a remote approach to an idea of creation.
We are now so far from the road to truth, that religious teachers dispute and hate each other, and speculative men are esteemed unsound and frivolous. But to a sound judgment, the most abstract truth is the most practical. Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Its test is, that it will explain all phenomena. Now many are thought not only unexplained but inexplicable; as language, sleep, madness, dreams, beasts, sex. Philosophically considered, the universe is composed of Nature and the Soul.
Strictly speaking, therefore, all that is separate from us, all which Philosophy distinguishes as the NOT ME, that is, both nature and art, all other men andmy own body, must be ranked under this name, NATURE. In enumerating the values of nature and casting up their sum, I shall use the word in both senses; -- in its common and in its philosophical import. Poem Outline. In inquiries so general as our present one, the inaccuracy is character analysis, not material; no confusion of thought will occur. Nature, in the common sense, refers to essences unchanged by man; space, the air, the river, the leaf. Art is applied to the mixture of his will with the same things, as in a house, a canal, a statue, a picture. But his operations taken together are so insignificant, a little chipping, baking, patching, and washing, that in an impression so grand as that of the world on poem analysis essay the human mind, they do not vary the result.
Chapter I NATURE To go into solitude, a man needs to Essay retire as much from his chamber as from society. I am not solitary whilst I read and write, though nobody is poem essay, with me. Who Is Odysseus. But if a man would be alone, let him look at the stars. The rays that come from essay outline those heavenly worlds, will separate between him and what he touches. One might think the Marketing Plan Adventure atmosphere was made transparent with this design, to give man, in the heavenly bodies, the poem essay outline perpetual presence of the sublime. Seen in the streets of cities, how great they are! If the stars should appear one night in a thousand years, how would men believe and adore; and preserve for many generations the remembrance of the city of father, God which had been shown! But every night come out these envoys of beauty, and light the universe with their admonishing smile. The stars awaken a certain reverence, because though always present, they are inaccessible; but all natural objects make a kindred impression, when the mind is open to essay their influence.
Nature never wears a mean appearance. Neither does the wisest man extort her secret, and lose his curiosity by Essay about finding out all her perfection. Nature never became a toy to a wise spirit. The flowers, the animals, the mountains, reflected the wisdom of his best hour, as much as they had delighted the simplicity of his childhood. When we speak of nature in poem outline this manner, we have a distinct but most poetical sense in the mind. We mean the integrity of impression made by manifold natural objects. It is this which distinguishes the stick of timber of the wood-cutter, from the tree of the poet.
The charming landscape which I saw this morning, is indubitably made up of some twenty or thirty farms. Plan For An Store. Miller owns this field, Locke that, and Manning the poem analysis essay woodland beyond. Character. But none of them owns the landscape. There is poem outline, a property in the horizon which no man has but he whose eye can integrate all the parts, that is, the poet. This is the Microsoft History Essay best part of these men's farms, yet to analysis essay this their warranty-deeds give no title. To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature. Most persons do not see the sun. At least they have a very superficial seeing. The sun illuminates only the eye of the man, but shines into the eye and the heart of the Holocaust Essay child. The lover of nature is he whose inward and outward senses are still truly adjusted to each other; who has retained the spirit of infancy even into the era of manhood.
His intercourse with heaven and earth, becomes part of his daily food. In the presence of nature, a wild delight runs through the man, in spite of real sorrows. Nature says, -- he is my creature, and maugre all his impertinent griefs, he shall be glad with me. Not the sun or the analysis summer alone, but every hour and season yields its tribute of IMB and History, delight; for every hour and change corresponds to and authorizes a different state of the poem analysis essay outline mind, from breathless noon to grimmest midnight. Nature is a setting that fits equally well a comic or a mourning piece. In good health, the air is a cordial of incredible virtue. Crossing a bare common, in Cuban Missile Realism snow puddles, at twilight, under a clouded sky, without having in my thoughts any occurrence of special good fortune, I have enjoyed a perfect exhilaration. I am glad to the brink of poem analysis, fear.
In the woods too, a man casts off his years, as the snake his slough, and at what period soever of life, is always a child. In the dimensions of a parenting style discipline, and: woods, is poem essay, perpetual youth. Within these plantations of Microsoft, God, a decorum and sanctity reign, a perennial festival is dressed, and the guest sees not how he should tire of them in a thousand years. In the woods, we return to reason and faith. There I feel that nothing can befall me in analysis essay outline life, -- no disgrace, no calamity, (leaving me my eyes,) which nature cannot repair. Standing on the bare ground, -- my head bathed by the blithe air, and uplifted into infinite space, -- all mean egotism vanishes. I become a transparent eye-ball; I am nothing; I see all; the currents of the Marketing for an Adventure Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or particle of God. The name of the nearest friend sounds then foreign and accidental: to be brothers, to be acquaintances, -- master or servant, is then a trifle and a disturbance. I am the lover of uncontained and immortal beauty. In the wilderness, I find something more dear and connate than in streets or villages.
In the tranquil landscape, and especially in the distant line of the horizon, man beholds somewhat as beautiful as his own nature. The greatest delight which the fields and woods minister, is the suggestion of an occult relation between man and the vegetable. I am not alone and unacknowledged. They nod to me, and poem I to them. The waving of the boughs in the storm, is new to me and old. It takes me by surprise, and yet is Plan for an Essay, not unknown. Its effect is like that of a higher thought or a better emotion coming over me, when I deemed I was thinking justly or doing right. Yet it is certain that the power to poem essay produce this delight, does not reside in nature, but in night character man, or in a harmony of both. It is necessary to use these pleasures with great temperance. For, nature is not always tricked in holiday attire, but the same scene which yesterday breathed perfume and glittered as for analysis the frolic of the who is odysseus father nymphs, is overspread with melancholy today.
Nature always wears the colors of the spirit. To a man laboring under calamity, the heat of his own fire hath sadness in it. Then, there is a kind of contempt of the landscape felt by poem analysis outline him who has just lost by death a dear friend. The sky is less grand as it shuts down over less worth in the population. Chapter II COMMODITY Whoever considers the final cause of the world, will discern a multitude of usesthat result. They all admit of dimensions parenting are warmth, discipline, communication,, being thrown into one of the following classes; Commodity; Beauty; Language; and Discipline. Under the general name of Commodity, I rank all those advantages which our senses owe to nature. This, of course, is a benefit which is temporary and mediate, not ultimate, like its service to poem analysis essay outline the soul. Yet although low, it is perfect in its kind, and is the only use of nature which all men apprehend. The misery of IMB and History Essay, man appears like childish petulance, when we explore the steady and prodigal provision that has been made for his support and delight on analysis essay outline this green ball which floats him through the heavens.
What angels invented these splendid ornaments, these rich conveniences, this ocean of air above, this ocean of water beneath, this firmament of earth between? this zodiac of lights, this tent of dropping clouds, this striped coat of climates, this fourfold year? Beasts, fire, water, stones, and corn serve him. The field is at once his floor, his work-yard, his play-ground, his garden, and his bed. More servants wait on IMB and History Essay man. Than he 'll take notice of. ------ Nature, in its ministry to man, is not only the material, but is also the process and the result. All the parts incessantly work into each other's hands for the profit of poem analysis essay outline, man. The wind sows the the four of a style discipline, communication, and: seed; the sun evaporates the sea; the wind blows the vapor to the field; the ice, on the other side of the analysis essay planet, condenses rain on this; the rain feeds the plant; the plant feeds the animal; and thus the endless circulations of the divine charity nourish man. The useful arts are reproductions or new combinations by the wit of man, of the same natural benefactors. He no longer waits for Plan for an Essay favoring gales, but by means of steam, he realizes the fable of Aeolus's bag, and carries the two and thirty winds in the boiler of his boat. To diminish friction, he paves the road with iron bars, and, mounting a coach with a ship-load of men, animals, and merchandise behind him, he darts through the country, from town to town, like an eagle or a swallow through the air. By the aggregate of these aids, how is the face of the world changed, from the analysis essay outline era of Noah to that of Napoleon!
The private poor man hath cities, ships, canals, bridges, built for him. He goes to the post-office, and the human race run on his errands; to the book-shop, and the human race read and write of all that happens, for him; to the court-house, and nations repair his wrongs. He sets his house upon the road, and the human race go forth every morning, and shovel out the snow, and cut a path for him. But there is no need of specifying particulars in A Essay this class of uses. The catalogue is endless, and the examples so obvious, that I shall leave them to the reader's reflection, with the general remark, that this mercenary benefit is one which has respect to a farther good. A man is fed, not that he may be fed, but that he may work. Chapter III BEAUTY A nobler want of man is served by nature, namely, the love of Beauty. The ancient Greeks called the world , beauty. Poem. Such is the constitution of all things, or such the plastic power of the human eye, that the Denial: New Anti- Essay examples primary forms, as the analysis essay sky, the mountain, the tree, the animal, give us a delight in and for themselves; a pleasure arising from outline, color, motion, and grouping.
This seems partly owing to the eye itself. Cuban Crisis-Individual,. The eye is the best of artists. By the poem analysis essay outline mutual action of its structure and of the laws of light, perspective is produced, which integrates every mass of objects, of what character soever, into a well colored and shaded globe, so that where the particular objects are mean and unaffecting, the landscape which they compose, is round and symmetrical. And as the eye is the best composer, so light is the first of painters. There is no object so foul that intense light will not make beautiful. And the stimulus it affords to Marketing Plan for an Adventure Store Essay the sense, and a sort of essay outline, infinitude which it hath, like space and time, make all matter gay. Even the corpse has its own beauty.
But besides this general grace diffused over nature, almost all the individual forms are agreeable to the eye, as is proved by our endless imitations of some of Microsoft History Essay, them, as the acorn, the analysis essay grape, the pine-cone, the wheat-ear, the egg, the wings and forms of most birds, the lion's claw, the serpent, the butterfly, sea-shells, flames, clouds, buds, leaves, and the forms of many trees, as the palm. For better consideration, we may distribute the aspects of Beauty in a threefold manner. 1. First, the simple perception of natural forms is a delight. The influence of the character forms and actions in nature, is so needful to man, that, in its lowest functions, it seems to lie on analysis outline the confines of commodity and beauty. To the body and mind which have been cramped by Marketing for an Adventure Essay noxious work or company, nature is medicinal and outline restores their tone. The tradesman, the Plan Store attorney comes out of the din and craft of the street, and sees the sky and the woods, and is a man again. In their eternal calm, he finds himself. The health of the eye seems to demand a horizon. Poem Analysis Essay. We are never tired, so long as we can see far enough.
But in other hours, Nature satisfies by its loveliness, and without any mixture of IMB and, corporeal benefit. I see the spectacle of morning from the hill-top over against my house, from analysis day-break to sun-rise, with emotions which an angel might share. The long slender bars of New Anti- Essay, cloud float like fishes in the sea of crimson light. From the earth, as a shore, I look out into that silent sea. I seem to partake its rapid transformations: the active enchantment reaches my dust, and I dilate and analysis outline conspire with the Cuban Crisis-Individual, Realism morning wind. How does Nature deify us with a few and cheap elements! Give me health and a day, and I will make the pomp of emperors ridiculous. The dawn is my Assyria; the sun-set and moon-rise my Paphos, and unimaginable realms of faerie; broad noon shall be my England of the senses and the understanding; the night shall be my Germany of mystic philosophy and dreams. Not less excellent, except for our less susceptibility in the afternoon, was the charm, last evening, of a January sunset. Poem Analysis Essay Outline. The western clouds divided and subdivided themselves into character analysis pink flakes modulated with tints of unspeakable softness; and the air had so much life and sweetness, that it was a pain to come within doors.
What was it that nature would say? Was there no meaning in essay the live repose of the valley behind the mill, and which Homer or Shakspeare could not reform for me in words? The leafless trees become spires of flame in the sunset, with the blue east for their back-ground, and the stars of the dead calices of flowers, and every withered stem and stubble rimed with frost, contribute something to the mute music. The inhabitants of cities suppose that the country landscape is father, pleasant only half the year. I please myself with the graces of the winter scenery, and believe that we are as much touched by it as by the genial influences of analysis, summer. To the attentive eye, each moment of the for an Store Essay year has its own beauty, and in the same field, it beholds, every hour, a picture which was never seen before, and which shall never be seen again. The heavens change every moment, and reflect their glory or gloom on the plains beneath. The state of the crop in the surrounding farms alters the expression of the outline earth from week to week. The succession of native plants in the pastures and roadsides, which makes the silent clock by which time tells the night summer hours, will make even the divisions of the day sensible to a keen observer. The tribes of birds and insects, like the plants punctual to poem analysis essay outline their time, follow each other, and IMB and Microsoft Essay the year has room for all. By water-courses, the variety is greater.
In July, the blue pontederia or pickerel-weed blooms in large beds in the shallow parts of our pleasant river, and swarms with yellow butterflies in continual motion. Art cannot rival this pomp of purple and gold. Indeed the river is a perpetual gala, and boasts each month a new ornament. But this beauty of Nature which is seen and felt as beauty, is the least part. Analysis Outline. The shows of Holocaust Denial: Essay examples, day, the dewy morning, the rainbow, mountains, orchards in blossom, stars, moonlight, shadows in still water, and the like, if too eagerly hunted, become shows merely, and mock us with their unreality. Go out of the house to see the moon, and 't is mere tinsel; it will not please as when its light shines upon your necessary journey. The beauty that shimmers in the yellow afternoons of October, who ever could clutch it? Go forth to find it, and it is gone: 't is only a mirage as you look from the windows of diligence. 2. Poem Analysis Essay. The presence of a higher, namely, of the for an spiritual element is essential to poem outline its perfection. The high and divine beauty which can be loved without effeminacy, is that which is found in combination with the human will. Beauty is the mark God sets upon virtue.
Every natural action is Essay Cuban Missile, graceful. Every heroic act is also decent, and causes the essay outline place and the bystanders to shine. We are taught by great actions that the universe is the property of every individual in it. Every rational creature has all nature for his dowry and Holocaust Essay estate. It is essay, his, if he will.
He may divest himself of it; he may creep into a corner, and abdicate his kingdom, as most men do, but he is entitled to the world by his constitution. In proportion to IMB and the energy of his thought and will, he takes up the world into himself. All those things for which men plough, build, or sail, obey virtue; said Sallust. The winds and waves, said Gibbon, are always on the side of the ablest navigators. So are the poem essay outline sun and moon and all the stars of heaven. When a noble act is dimensions parenting style and:, done, -- perchance in a scene of great natural beauty; when Leonidas and his three hundred martyrs consume one day in dying, and the sun and poem outline moon come each and look at them once in the steep defile of Thermopylae; when Arnold Winkelried, in the high Alps, under the shadow of the avalanche, gathers in Microsoft History Essay his side a sheaf of Austrian spears to break the line for his comrades; are not these heroes entitled to add the beauty of the scene to the beauty of the deed? When the bark of Columbus nears the shore of analysis essay outline, America; -- before it, the beach lined with savages, fleeing out of Cuban Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism, all their huts of cane; the analysis sea behind; and the purple mountains of the Indian Archipelago around, can we separate the man from the Store Essay living picture? Does not the New World clothe his form with her palm-groves and savannahs as fit drapery? Ever does natural beauty steal in like air, and envelope great actions. When Sir Harry Vane was dragged up the Tower-hill, sitting on poem analysis a sled, to suffer death, as the champion of the parenting are warmth, discipline, and: English laws, one of the multitude cried out to him, You never sate on essay outline so glorious a seat. Charles II., to intimidate the citizens of London, caused the patriot Lord Russel to be drawn in an open coach, through the principal streets of the city, on his way to the scaffold.
But, his biographer says, the multitude imagined they saw liberty and virtue sitting by his side. In private places, among sordid objects, an act of truth or heroism seems at once to draw to itself the sky as its temple, the sun as its candle. Nature stretcheth out her arms to embrace man, only let his thoughts be of equal greatness. Willingly does she follow his steps with the rose and the violet, and bend her lines of grandeur and grace to the decoration of her darling child. Only let his thoughts be of father, equal scope, and the frame will suit the picture.
A virtuous man is in unison with her works, and makes the central figure of the visible sphere. Homer, Pindar, Socrates, Phocion, associate themselves fitly in our memory with the geography and climate of Greece. The visible heavens and earth sympathize with Jesus. And in common life, whosoever has seen a person of powerful character and happy genius, will have remarked how easily he took all things along with him, -- the persons, the opinions, and the day, and nature became ancillary to a man. 3. There is still another aspect under which the beauty of the world may be viewed, namely, as it become s an object of the intellect. Beside the poem outline relation of things to virtue, they have a relation to thought. Essay Cuban Crisis-Individual,. The intellect searches out the absolute order of analysis, things as they stand in the mind of God, and without the colors of affection. The intellectual and the active powers seem to succeed each other, and the exclusive activity of the one, generates the exclusive activity of the other. There is something unfriendly in each to the other, but they are like the alternate periods of feeding and working in animals; each prepares and will be followed by the other. Therefore does beauty, which, in relation to actions, as we have seen, comes unsought, and comes because it is unsought, remain for Holocaust Denial: A New Anti- Semitism Essay examples the apprehension and pursuit of the intellect; and then again, in its turn, of the active power. Nothing divine dies.
All good is outline, eternally reproductive. The beauty of nature reforms itself in the four dimensions of a parenting are warmth, and: the mind, and not for barren contemplation, but for new creation. All men are in some degree impressed by analysis outline the face of the world; some men even to delight. Character. This love of beauty is Taste. Others have the same love in such excess, that, not content with admiring, they seek to embody it in new forms.
The creation of beauty is Art. The production of a work of art throws a light upon the mystery of humanity. A work of art is an abstract or epitome of the world. It is the result or expression of nature, in miniature. For, although the works of poem analysis, nature are innumerable and all different, the Essay about result or the expression of them all is similar and single. Nature is a sea of forms radically alike and even unique. Analysis Essay. A leaf, a sun-beam, a landscape, the ocean, make an analogous impression on the mind. What is common to them all, -- that perfectness and harmony, is beauty. IMB And History Essay. The standard of beauty is the poem analysis essay outline entire circuit of natural forms, -- the totality of nature; which the Italians expressed by defining beauty il piu nell' uno.
Nothing is quite beautiful alone: nothing but is beautiful in the whole. A single object is for an Adventure Essay, only so far beautiful as it suggests this universal grace. Poem Analysis. The poet, the painter, the sculptor, the musician, the architect, seek each to concentrate this radiance of the world on one point, and each in his several work to Semitism satisfy the poem analysis love of beauty which stimulates him to produce. Thus is Art, a nature passed through the alembic of man. Thus in art, does nature work through the will of character, a man filled with the beauty of her first works. The world thus exists to the soul to poem analysis essay outline satisfy the desire of beauty. This element I call an ultimate end. No reason can be asked or given why the soul seeks beauty. Beauty, in Denial: A Semitism examples its largest and profoundest sense, is one expression for poem the universe. God is the all-fair. Truth, and goodness, and beauty, are but different faces of the same All.
But beauty in Holocaust Semitism Essay examples nature is not ultimate. It is the herald of inward and poem analysis eternal beauty, and is not alone a solid and satisfactory good. It must stand as a part, and not as yet the last or highest expression of the final cause of Nature. Cuban Realism. Chapter IV LANGUAGE Language is a third use which Nature subserves to man. Poem Analysis. Nature is the vehble, and threefold degree. 1. Words are signs of natural facts. 2. Particular natural facts are symbols of particular spiritual facts. 3. Nature is the symbol of spirit.
1. Words are signs of natural facts. The use of natural history is to Holocaust Denial: A New Anti- Semitism Essay examples give us aid in supernatural history: the use of the outer creation, to give us language for the beings and changes of the analysis outline inward creation. Every word which is used to express a moral or intellectual fact, if traced to Realism its root, is found to be borrowed from some material appearance. Right means straight ; wrong means twisted . Spirit primarily means wind ; transgression , the crossing of poem analysis essay, a line ; supercilious , the raising of the eyebrow . We say the heart to express emotion, the head to who is odysseus father denote thought; and thought and emotion a re words borrowed from essay outline sensible things, and now appropriated to spiritual nature. About Cuban Missile. Most of the process by which this transformation is made, is hidden from us in poem the remote time when language was framed; but the same tendency may be daily observed in children. Children and savages use only nouns or names of things, which they convert into verbs, and apply to character analysis analogous mental acts. 2. Analysis Essay. But this origin of all words that convey a spiritual import, -- so conspicuous a fact in the history of language, -- is our least debt to nature.
It is not words only IMB and that are emblematic; it is things which are emblematic. Every natural fact is a symbol of some spiritual fact. Every appearance in nature corresponds to some state of the poem analysis outline mind, and that state of the mind can only be described by presenting that natural appearance as its picture. Microsoft. An enraged man is a lion, a cunning man is a fox, a firm man is a rock, a learned man is a torch. A lamb is innocence; a snake is subtle spite; flowers express to us the delicate affections. Light and darkness are our familiar expression for knowledge and ignorance; and heat for love. Visible distance behind and analysis before us, is respectively our image of memory and hope. Who looks upon Holocaust New Anti- Semitism Essay, a river in a meditative hour, and poem is not reminded of the Microsoft History flux of all things? Throw a stone into the stream, and the circles that propagate themselves are the beautiful type of all influence.
Man is conscious of a universal soul within or behind his individual life, wherein, as in a firmament, the poem essay natures of Justice, Truth, Love, Freedom, arise and shine. This universal soul, he calls Reason: it is not mine, or thine, or his, but we are its; we are its property and men. And the blue sky in which the private earth is buried, the sky with its eternal calm, and full of A New Anti- Essay, everlasting orbs, is the type of Reason. That which, intellectually considered, we call Reason, considered in relation to nature, we call Spirit. Spirit is the Creator. Spirit hath life in poem analysis essay itself. And man in all ages and countries, embodies it in night analysis his language, as the FATHER. It is easily seen that there is nothing lucky or capricious in these analogies, but that they are constant, and pervade nature. Poem Analysis. These are not the dreams of night analysis, a few poets, here and there, but man is an analogist, and studies relations in all objects. He is placed in the centre of beings, and a ray of relation passes from every other being to him.
And neither can man be understood without these objects, nor these objects without man. All the poem analysis facts in natural history taken by themselves, have no value, but are barren, like a single sex. But marry it to human history, and it is full of life. Whole Floras, all Linnaeus' and Buffon's volumes, are dry catalogues of facts; but the most trivial of these facts, the habit of a plant, the organs, or work, or noise of an insect, applied to the illustration of a fact in intellectual philosophy, or, in any way associated to odysseus human nature, affects us in the most lively and agreeable manner. The seed of a plant, -- to what affecting analogies in the nature of man, is that little fruit made use of, in all discourse, up to the voice of Paul, who calls the human corpse a seed, -- It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body.
The motion of the earth round its axis, and round the sun, makes the day, and the year. These are certain amounts of analysis, brute light and heat. But is there no intent of an analogy between man's life and the seasons? And do the Denial: New Anti- Semitism Essay examples seasons gain no grandeur or pathos from poem analysis essay outline that analogy? The instincts of the ant are very unimportant, considered as the ant's; but the moment a ray of relation is seen to extend from Plan for an Store it to man, and the little drudge is seen to be a monitor, a little body with a mighty heart, then all its habits, even that said to be recently observed, that it never sleeps, become sublime. Because of this radical correspondence between visible things and human thoughts, savages, who have only what is necessary, converse in figures. As we go back in history, language becomes more picturesque, until its infancy, when it is all poetry; or all spiritual facts are represented by natural symbols. The same symbols are found to make the original elements of analysis outline, all languages. It has moreover been observed, that the idioms of all languages approach each other in passages of the greatest eloquence and father power. And as this is the first language, so is it the last. This immediate dependence of poem, language upon nature, this conversion of an outward phenomenon into a type of somewhat in human life, never loses its power to affect us.
It is this which gives that piquancy to the conversation of of a parenting style communication,, a strong-natured farmer or back-woodsman, which all men relish. A man's power to connect his thought with its proper symbol, and so to utter it, depends on the simplicity of his character, that is, upon his love of poem outline, truth, and his desire to communicate it without loss. The corruption of man is followed by dimensions parenting style are warmth, discipline, communication, and: the corruption of language. Essay. When simplicity of character and the sovereignty of ideas is broken up by the prevalence of secondary desires, the desire of riches, of pleasure, of power, and of praise, -- and duplicity and falsehood take place of simplicity and Essay truth, the power over nature as an analysis essay outline, interpreter of the will, is in a degree lost; new imagery ceases to be created, and old words are perverted to character analysis stand for things which are not; a paper currency is employed, when there is no bullion in the vaults. Analysis. In due time, the fraud is manifest, and words lose all power to stimulate the understanding or the night analysis affections. Hundreds of writers may be found in every long-civilized nation, who for analysis essay outline a short time believe, and about Realism make others believe, that they see and utter truths, who do not of themselves clothe one thought in its natural garment, but who feed unconsciously on the language created by the primary writers of the country, those, namely, who hold primarily on nature. But wise men pierce this rotten diction and fasten words again to visible things; so that picturesque language is at once a commanding certificate that he who employs it, is a man in alliance with truth and God. The moment our discourse rises above the ground line of familiar facts, and analysis outline is inflamed with passion or exalted by thought, it clothes itself in images. Character Analysis. A man conversing in earnest, if he watch his intellectual processes, will find that a material image, more or less luminous, arises in his mind, cotemporaneous with every thought, which furnishes the vestment of the thought.
Hence, good writing and essay brilliant discourse are perpetual allegories. This imagery is spontaneous. It is the blending of Microsoft History Essay, experience with the present action of the mind. It is proper creation. It is the working of the Original Cause through the instruments he has already made. These facts may suggest the advantage which the country-life possesses for a powerful mind, over the artificial and curtailed life of cities. We know more from nature than we can at will communicate.
Its light flows into the mind evermore, and we forget its presence. The poet, the orator, bred in the woods, whose senses have been nourished by their fair and appeasing changes, year after year, without design and poem analysis without heed, -- shall not lose their lesson altogether, in analysis the roar of cities or the broil of politics. Long hereafter, amidst agitation and terror in national councils, -- in the hour of revolution, -- these solemn images shall reappear in their morning lustre, as fit symbols and words of the thoughts which the passing events shall awaken. At the call of a noble sentiment, again the woods wave, the pines murmur, the river rolls and shines, and the cattle low upon the mountains, as he saw and heard them in his infancy. And with these forms, the spells of persuasion, the keys of power are put into his hands. 3. We are thus assisted by natural objects in the expression of particular meanings. But how great a language to convey such pepper-corn informations! Did it need such noble races of creatures, this profusion of forms, this host of orbs in heaven, to poem essay outline furnish man with the for an Store dictionary and grammar of his municipal speech?
Whilst we use this grand cipher to poem essay outline expedite the affairs of our pot and kettle, we feel that we have not yet put it to its use, neither are able. We are like travellers using the cinders of History, a volcano to roast their eggs. Analysis. Whilst we see that it always stands ready to clothe what we would say, we cannot avoid the who is father question, whether the characters are not significant of themselves. Have mountains, and waves, and skies, no significance but what we consciously give them, when we employ them as emblems of our thoughts? The world is emblematic. Parts of speech are metaphors, because the whole of nature is a metaphor of the poem human mind.
The laws of moral nature answer to those of matter as face to face in a glass. The visible world and the relation of its parts, is the dial plate of the invisible. The axioms of physics translate the laws of ethics. Thus, the whole is greater than its part; reaction is equal to action; the smallest weight may be made to Essay Missile lift the greatest, the difference of weight being compensated by time; and essay many the like propositions, which have an ethical as well as physical sense. These propositions have a much more extensive and universal sense when applied to human life, than when confined to technical use. In like manner, the memorable words of history, and the proverbs of nations, consist usually of a natural fact, selected as a picture or parable of a moral truth. Thus; A rolling stone gathers no moss; A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush; A cripple in the right way, will beat a racer in the wrong; Make hay while the sun shines; 'T is hard to carry a full cup even; Vinegar is the son of wine; The last ounce broke the camel's back; Long-lived trees make roots first; -- and the like. In their primary sense these are trivial facts, but we repeat them for the value of their analogical import.
What is true of character, proverbs, is true of all fables, parables, and poem analysis essay outline allegories. This relation between the mind and matter is not fancied by some poet, but stands in the will of God, and so is free to be known by all men. It appears to men, or it does not appear. When in fortunate hours we ponder this miracle, the wise man doubts, if, at all other times, he is not blind and deaf; ------ Can these things be, And overcome us like a summer's cloud, Without our special wonder? for the universe becomes transparent, and the light of higher laws than its own, shines through it. It is the standing problem which has exercised the wonder and the study of every fine genius since the world began; from the Plan for an Adventure era of the Egyptians and the Brahmins, to that of Pythagoras, of Plato, of Bacon, of Leibnitz, of Swedenborg.
There sits the Sphinx at the road-side, and from age to age, as each prophet comes by, he tries his fortune at reading her riddle. There seems to be a necessity in spirit to manifest itself in material forms; and day and night, river and analysis essay outline storm, beast and bird, acid and alkali, preexist in necessary Ideas in the mind of God, and are what they are by virtue of preceding affections, in the world of spirit. A Fact is the end or last issue of spirit. The visible creation is the terminus or the circumference of the invisible world. Who Is. Material objects, said a French philosopher, are necessarily kinds of scoriae of the substantial thoughts of the Creator, which must always preserve an exact relation to their first origin; in other words, visible nature must have a spiritual and moral side. This doctrine is abstruse, and though the images of garment, scoriae, mirror, c., may stimulate the fancy, we must summon the aid of subtler and outline more vital expositors to make it plain. Plan For An Adventure Store. Every scripture is to be interpreted by the same spirit which gave it forth, -- is the fundamental law of criticism. A life in harmony with nature, the love of truth and of virtue, will purge the eyes to understand her text. By degrees we may come to know the primitive sense of the permanent objects of nature, so that the world shall be to us an open book, and every form significant of its hidden life and final cause.
A new interest surprises us, whilst, under the poem outline view now suggested, we contemplate the fearful extent and multitude of objects; since every object rightly seen, unlocks a new faculty of the soul. Essay Cuban. That which was unconscious truth, becomes, when interpreted and poem essay outline defined in an object, a part of the the four dimensions parenting are warmth, discipline, and: domain of knowledge, -- a new weapon in the magazine of power. Chapter V DISCIPLINE In view of the significance of nature, we arrive at once at a new fact, that nature is a discipline. Poem Analysis Essay Outline. This use of the world includes the preceding uses, as parts of itself. Space, time, society, labor, climate, food, locomotion, the animals, the mechanical forces, give us sincerest lessons, day by day, whose meaning is unlimited.
They educate both the Understanding and the Reason. Every property of matter is a school for the understanding, -- its solidity or resistance, its inertia, its extension, its figure, its divisibility. The understanding adds, divides, combines, measures, and finds nutriment and Holocaust Denial: A New Anti- Essay room for its activity in this worthy scene. Meantime, Reason transfers all these lessons into its own world of thought, by poem analysis essay outline perceiving the Microsoft History analogy that marries Matter and Mind. 1. Nature is a discipline of the essay outline understanding in intellectual truths. Our dealing with sensible objects is a constant exercise in the necessary lessons of difference, of likeness, of order, of dimensions parenting discipline, and:, being and seeming, of progressive arrangement; of ascent from particular to general; of combination to one end of manifold forces. Proportioned to the importance of the organ to be formed, is the extreme care with which its tuition is provided, -- a care pretermitted in no single case. What tedious training, day after day, year after year, never ending, to form the common sense; what continual reproduction of annoyances, inconveniences, dilemmas; what rejoicing over us of little men; what disputing of prices, what reckonings of interest, -- and all to form the Hand of the mind; -- to poem outline instruct us that good thoughts are no better than good dreams, unless they be executed! The same good office is performed by Property and its filial systems of for an, debt and credit.
Debt, grinding debt, whose iron face the widow, the orphan, and the sons of genius fear and hate; -- debt, which consumes so much time, which so cripples and disheartens a great spirit with cares that seem so base, is a preceptor whose lessons cannot be forgone, and is needed most by those who suffer from it most. Moreover, property, which has been well compared to analysis essay snow, -- if it fall level to-day, it will be blown into drifts to-morrow, -- is the surface action of internal machinery, like the index on the face of a clock. Whilst now it is the gymnastics of the understanding, it is hiving in the foresight of the spirit, experience in Marketing for an Adventure Store profounder laws. The whole character and fortune of the individual are affected by poem analysis outline the least inequalities in the culture of the understanding; for example, in the perception of differences. Father. Therefore is poem outline, Space, and Holocaust Denial: A New Anti- Semitism examples therefore Time, that man may know that things are not huddled and lumped, but sundered and individual. A bell and a plough have each their use, and neither can do the office of the other. Water is poem, good to drink, coal to burn, wool to wear; but wool cannot be drunk, nor water spun, nor coal eaten. The wise man shows his wisdom in separation, in gradation, and his scale of creatures and night analysis of merits is as wide as nature. The foolish have no range in poem analysis their scale, but suppose every man is as every other man.
What is not good they call the worst, and what is not hateful, they call the best. In like manner, what good heed, nature forms in us! She pardons no mistakes. Her yea is yea, and night character analysis her nay, nay. The first steps in Agriculture, Astronomy, Zoology, (those first steps which the farmer, the essay hunter, and the sailor take,) teach that nature's dice are always loaded; that in her heaps and rubbish are concealed sure and useful results. How calmly and who is genially the mind apprehends one after another the laws of physics! What noble emotions dilate the mortal as he enters into the counsels of the creation, and feels by knowledge the privilege to BE! His insight refines him. The beauty of nature shines in his own breast. Man is greater that he can see this, and the universe less, because Time and Space relations vanish as laws are known. Here again we are impressed and even daunted by the immense Universe to be explored.
What we know, is a point to what we do not know. Poem Outline. Open any recent journal of science, and weigh the problems suggested concerning Light, Heat, Electricity, Magnetism, Physiology, Geology, and judge whether the interest of natural science is likely to be soon exhausted. Passing by many particulars of the discipline of nature, we must not omit to Holocaust Denial: Semitism examples specify two. The exercise of the Will or the lesson of power is taught in outline every event. From the child's successive possession of his several senses up to the hour when he saith, Thy will be done! he is learning the secret, that he can reduce under his will, not only particular events, but great classes, nay the whole series of events, and so conform all facts to his character. About Cuban Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism. Nature is thoroughly mediate. Poem Analysis. It is made to serve. It receives the dominion of man as meekly as the ass on which the Saviour rode. It offers all its kingdoms to man as the raw material which he may mould into dimensions of a parenting style communication, what is useful. Man is never weary of poem essay outline, working it up. He forges the Holocaust A New Anti- subtile and delicate air into wise and melodious words, and gives them wing as angels of persuasion and command.
One after another, his victorious thought comes up with and reduces all things, until the world becomes, at last, only a realized will, -- the double of the outline man. 2. Sensible objects conform to the premonitions of Reason and reflect the about conscience. Analysis. All things are moral; and in their boundless changes have an unceasing reference to spiritual nature. Therefore is nature glorious with form, color, and motion, that every globe in Marketing for an Store the remotest heaven; every chemical change from the poem essay outline rudest crystal up to the laws of life; every change of vegetation from the first principle of growth in the eye of a leaf, to the tropical forest and Holocaust Denial: A Semitism Essay examples antediluvian coal-mine; every animal function from the sponge up to Hercules, shall hint or thunder to man the laws of right and wrong, and echo the Ten Commandments. Therefore is analysis essay, nature ever the ally of the four dimensions of a parenting are warmth, discipline, communication,, Religion: lends all her pomp and riches to the religious sentiment. Prophet and priest, David, Isaiah, Jesus, have drawn deeply from this source. This ethical character so penetrates the bone and marrow of nature, as to seem the end for outline which it was made. Whatever private purpose is answered by Marketing Plan Store any member or part, this is its public and universal function, and is never omitted. Poem Outline. Nothing in Plan Adventure Store Essay nature is exhausted in its first use. When a thing has served an end to the uttermost, it is wholly new for analysis an ulterior service.
In God, every end is Denial: A Semitism, converted into a new means. Thus the use of commodity, regarded by itself, is mean and poem analysis squalid. But it is to the mind an education in the doctrine of who is odysseus, Use, namely, that a thing is good only so far as it serves; that a conspiring of parts and efforts to the production of an end, is essential to any being. Analysis Outline. The first and gross manifestation of this truth, is our inevitable and hated training in values and wants, in corn and night meat. It has already been illustrated, that every natural process is a version of essay outline, a moral sentence. The moral law lies at the centre of nature and Essay about Cuban Crisis-Individual, Realism radiates to the circumference.
It is the essay pith and Essay about Cuban marrow of every substance, every relation, and every process. All things with which we deal, preach to us. What is a farm but a mute gospel? The chaff and the wheat, weeds and plants, blight, rain, insects, sun, -- it is a sacred emblem from the first furrow of spring to the last stack which the snow of winter overtakes in the fields. But the poem outline sailor, the shepherd, the miner, the merchant, in their several resorts, have each an experience precisely parallel, and leading to the same conclusion: because all organizations are radically alike. Nor can it be doubted that this moral sentiment which thus scents the Microsoft air, grows in the grain, and impregnates the waters of the world, is caught by man and sinks into his soul. The moral influence of nature upon every individual is that amount of truth which it illustrates to him.
Who can estimate this? Who can guess how much firmness the sea-beaten rock has taught the analysis essay fisherman? how much tranquillity has been reflected to man from the azure sky, over whose unspotted deeps the winds forevermore drive flocks of stormy clouds, and leave no wrinkle or stain? how much industry and providence and about Missile Crisis-Individual, affection we have caught from the poem analysis outline pantomime of brutes? What a searching preacher of self-command is the varying phenomenon of Health! Herein is especially apprehended the unity of Nature, -- the unity in variety, -- which meets us everywhere. All the endless variety of things make an identical impression. Xenophanes complained in his old age, that, look where he would, all things hastened back to Unity. He was weary of seeing the the four of a parenting discipline, communication, and: same entity in the tedious variety of forms. The fable of Proteus has a cordial truth. Poem Analysis. A leaf, a drop, a crystal, a moment of time is related to who is father the whole, and partakes of the perfection of the whole. Each particle is a microcosm, and faithfully renders the likeness of the world. Not only resemblances exist in things whose analogy is essay outline, obvious, as when we detect the type of the human hand in the flipper of the about Cuban fossil saurus, but also in objects wherein there is poem analysis essay, great superficial unlikeness.
Thus architecture is called frozen music, by De Stael and Goethe. Vitruvius thought an architect should be a musician. A Gothic church, said Coleridge, is a petrified religion. Michael Angelo maintained, that, to an architect, a knowledge of anatomy is essential. In Haydn's oratorios, the notes present to the imagination not only motions, as, of the snake, the stag, and about Cuban Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism the elephant, but colors also; as the green grass. The law of harmonic sounds reappears in the harmonic colors. The granite is differenced in its laws only by the more or less of heat, from the river that wears it away.
The river, as it flows, resembles the air that flows over it; the air resembles the light which traverses it with more subtile currents; the light resembles the heat which rides with it through Space. Each creature is only a modification of the other; the likeness in them is more than the difference, and their radical law is one and the same. A rule of one art, or a law of one organization, holds true throughout nature. So intimate is this Unity, that, it is easily seen, it lies under the analysis outline undermost garment of A New Anti-, nature, and betrays its source in Universal Spirit. For, it pervades Thought also. Every universal truth which we express in words, implies or supposes every other truth. Omne verum vero consonat. It is like a great circle on a sphere, comprising all possible circles; which, however, may be drawn, and comprise it, in like manner. Every such truth is the absolute Ens seen from one side. But it has innumerable sides. The central Unity is still more conspicuous in actions.
Words are finite organs of the infinite mind. They cannot cover the dimensions of what is in truth. They break, chop, and impoverish it. An action is the perfection and publication of thought. A right action seems to fill the eye, and to be related to all nature. The wise man, in poem outline doing one thing, does all; or, in the one thing he does rightly, he sees the likeness of all which is done rightly. Words and actions are not the attributes of brute nature. They introduce us to the human form, of which all other organizations appear to be degradations. When this appears among so many that surround it, the spirit prefers it to all others. It says, `From such as this, have I drawn joy and knowledge; in such as this, have I found and beheld myself; I will speak to it; it can speak again; it can yield me thought already formed and alive.' In fact, the eye, -- the mind, -- is always accompanied by these forms, male and odysseus female; and these are incomparably the richest informations of the poem analysis power and order that lie at the heart of things. Unfortunately, every one of them bears the marks as of some injury; is marred and superficially defective.
Nevertheless, far different from the deaf and dumb nature around them, these all rest like fountain-pipes on the unfathomed sea of thought and virtue whereto they alone, of the four of a are warmth,, all organizations, are the analysis entrances. It were a pleasant inquiry to follow into detail their ministry to IMB and Microsoft Essay our education, but where would it stop? We are associated in adolescent and adult life with some friends, who, like skies and waters, are coextensive with our idea; who, answering each to a certain affection of the soul, satisfy our desire on that side; whom we lack power to put at such focal distance from us, that we can mend or even analyze them. Poem Analysis Essay. We cannot choose but love them. When much intercourse with a friend has supplied us with a standard of excellence, and has increased our respect for the resources of who is odysseus father, God who thus sends a real person to outgo our ideal; when he has, moreover, become an object of thought, and, whilst his character retains all its unconscious effect, is converted in the mind into solid and sweet wisdom, -- it is a sign to us that his office is closing, and he is commonly withdrawn from our sight in a short time. Chapter VI IDEALISM Thus is the unspeakable but intelligible and practicable meaning of the world conveyed to man, the immortal pupil, in every object of sense. To this one end of Discipline, all parts of nature conspire. A noble doubt perpetually suggests itself, whether this end be not the Final Cause of the Universe; and whether nature outwardly exists. It is a sufficient account of that Appearance we call the World, that God will teach a human mind, and so makes it the receiver of a certain number of congruent sensations, which we call sun and analysis essay moon, man and woman, house and trade. Who Is. In my utter impotence to test the authenticity of the report of my senses, to know whether the impressions they make on me correspond with outlying objects, what difference does it make, whether Orion is up there in heaven, or some god paints the image in the firmament of the soul?
The relations of parts and the end of the whole remaining the same, what is the poem analysis essay difference, whether land and sea interact, and worlds revolve and intermingle without number or end, -- deep yawning under deep, and galaxy balancing galaxy, throughout absolute space, -- or, whether, without relations of time and space, the the four parenting are warmth, discipline, communication, and: same appearances are inscribed in the constant faith of man? Whether nature enjoy a substantial existence without, or is only in the apocalypse of the analysis outline mind, it is alike useful and alike venerable to me. Be it what it may, it is ideal to me, so long as I cannot try the who is odysseus father accuracy of my senses. The frivolous make themselves merry with the Ideal theory, as if its consequences were burlesque; as if it affected the stability of nature. It surely does not. God never jests with us, and will not compromise the analysis outline end of nature, by permitting any inconsequence in its procession. Any distrust of the permanence of laws, would paralyze the faculties of man. Their permanence is sacredly respected, and his faith therein is perfect.
The wheels and springs of man are all set to the hypothesis of the permanence of nature. We are not built like a ship to be tossed, but like a house to stand. It is a natural consequence of this structure, that, so long as the active powers predominate over the reflective, we resist with indignation any hint that nature is more short-lived or mutable than spirit. The broker, the wheelwright, the carpenter, the toll-man, are much displeased at who is odysseus father, the intimation. But whilst we acquiesce entirely in the permanence of natural laws, the question of the essay outline absolute existence of nature still remains open.
It is the uniform effect of culture on the human mind, not to shake our faith in the stability of particular phenomena, as of Plan for an, heat, water, azote; but to lead us to regard nature as a phenomenon, not a substance; to attribute necessary existence to spirit; to esteem nature as an poem analysis essay, accident and an effect. To the senses and the unrenewed understanding, belongs a sort of instinctive belief in the absolute existence of nature. In their view, man and nature are indissolubly joined. The Four Of A Style Are Warmth,. Things are ultimates, and they never look beyond their sphere. The presence of Reason mars this faith. The first effort of thought tends to relax this despotism of the senses, which binds us to nature as if we were a part of it, and shows us nature aloof, and, as it were, afloat. Until this higher agency intervened, the animal eye sees, with wonderful accuracy, sharp outlines and poem analysis colored surfaces. When the eye of Reason opens, to outline and IMB and surface are at once added, grace and expression. These proceed from imagination and affection, and abate somewhat of the angular distinctness of objects. If the poem Reason be stimulated to more earnest vision, outlines and Missile Crisis-Individual, surfaces become transparent, and are no longer seen; causes and spirits are seen through them. The best moments of life are these delicious awakenings of the higher powers, and the reverential withdrawing of poem essay, nature before its God.
Let us proceed to indicate the effects of culture. Night Analysis. 1. Our first institution in poem analysis essay outline the Ideal philosophy is a hint from nature herself. Nature is made to conspire with spirit to emancipate us. Certain mechanical changes, a small alteration in our local position apprizes us of a dualism. We are strangely affected by seeing the shore from a moving ship, from Microsoft Essay a balloon, or through the tints of an unusual sky. The least change in our point of view, gives the whole world a pictorial air. A man who seldom rides, needs only to get into poem outline a coach and traverse his own town, to turn the street into a puppet-show.
The men, the women, -- talking, running, bartering, fighting, -- the earnest mechanic, the lounger, the beggar, the boys, the dogs, are unrealized at once, or, at night character, least, wholly detached from all relation to analysis the observer, and seen as apparent, not substantial beings. What new thoughts are suggested by seeing a face of country quite familiar, in the rapid movement of the rail-road car! Nay, the most wonted objects, (make a very slight change in the point of vision,) please us most. In a camera obscura, the butcher's cart, and the figure of one of our own family amuse us. So a portrait of Microsoft History Essay, a well-known face gratifies us. Turn the eyes upside down, by looking at the landscape through your legs, and analysis outline how agreeable is the picture, though you have seen it any time these twenty years!
In these cases, by mechanical means, is A Semitism, suggested the difference between the observer and the spectacle, -- between man and nature. Hence arises a pleasure mixed with awe; I may say, a low degree of the sublime is felt from the fact, probably, that man is hereby apprized, that, whilst the world is a spectacle, something in himself is stable. 2. In a higher manner, the poet communicates the same pleasure. By a few strokes he delineates, as on air, the sun, the mountain, the camp, the city, the hero, the maiden, not different from what we know them, but only outline lifted from the ground and afloat before the eye. The Four Dimensions Are Warmth, Communication, And:. He unfixes the land and the sea, makes them revolve around the axis of his primary thought, and disposes them anew. Possessed himself by a heroic passion, he uses matter as symbols of it. The sensual man conforms thoughts to analysis essay things; the poet conforms things to his thoughts. The one esteems nature as rooted and fast; the other, as fluid, and who is impresses his being thereon. To him, the refractory world is ductile and analysis outline flexible; he invests dust and stones with humanity, and makes them the words of the Reason.
The Imagination may be defined to be, the use which the Holocaust Denial: A New Anti- Essay Reason makes of the material world. Shakspeare possesses the power of subordinating nature for the purposes of expression, beyond all poets. His imperial muse tosses the creation like a bauble from hand to hand, and uses it to poem essay embody any caprice of thought that is upper-most in his mind. The remotest spaces of nature are visited, and the farthest sundered things are brought together, by a subtle spiritual connection. We are made aware that magnitude of material things is relative, and all objects shrink and Holocaust Semitism Essay examples expand to serve the passion of the poet. Thus, in his sonnets, the lays of birds, the poem analysis scents and dyes of flowers, he finds to be the for an shadow of his beloved; time, which keeps her from him, is his chest ; the suspicion she has awakened, is her ornament ; The ornament of beauty is Suspect, A crow which flies in heaven's sweetest air. His passion is not the fruit of chance; it swells, as he speaks, to a city, or a state. No, it was builded far from accident; It suffers not in smiling pomp, nor falls. Under the brow of thralling discontent;
It fears not policy, that heretic, That works on leases of short numbered hours, But all alone stands hugely politic In the analysis strength of his constancy, the Pyramids seem to him recent and IMB and transitory. The freshness of youth and love dazzles him with its resemblance to morning. Take those lips away. Which so sweetly were forsworn; And those eyes, -- the break of day, Lights that do mislead the morn. The wild beauty of analysis essay outline, this hyperbole, I may say, in passing, it would not be easy to match in literature. This transfiguration which all material objects undergo through the passion of the poet, -- this power which he exerts to dwarf the great, to character magnify the small, -- might be illustrated by a thousand examples from his Plays. I have before me the Tempest, and will cite only these few lines.
ARIEL. The strong based promontory. Have I made shake, and by the spurs plucked up. The pine and cedar. Prospero calls for music to analysis soothe the frantic Alonzo, and his companions; A solemn air, and the best comforter. To an unsettled fancy, cure thy brains.
Now useless, boiled within thy skull. Again; The charm dissolves apace, And, as the morning steals upon the night, Melting the darkness, so their rising senses. Begin to chase the ignorant fumes that mantle. Their clearer reason. Begins to swell: and the approaching tide.
Will shortly fill the reasonable shores. That now lie foul and Essay Missile Crisis-Individual, muddy. The perception of real affinities between events, (that is to poem essay outline say, of who is odysseus, ideal affinities, for those only are real,) enables the poet thus to make free with the most imposing forms and phenomena of the world, and to assert the predominance of the soul. 3. Whilst thus the poet animates nature with his own thoughts, he differs from the philosopher only herein, that the one proposes Beauty as his main end; the other Truth. But the poem analysis philosopher, not less than the poet, postpones the odysseus apparent order and relations of things to the empire of thought. The problem of philosophy, according to Plato, is, for all that exists conditionally, to find a ground unconditioned and absolute. It proceeds on the faith that a law determines all phenomena, which being known, the phenomena can be predicted. That law, when in the mind, is an idea.
Its beauty is infinite. The true philosopher and the true poet are one, and a beauty, which is truth, and a truth, which is analysis essay, beauty, is the aim of both. Is not the charm of one of Plato's or Aristotle's definitions, strictly like that of the Antigone of Sophocles? It is, in analysis both cases, that a spiritual life has been imparted to nature; that the poem analysis outline solid seeming block of matter has been pervaded and dissolved by a thought; that this feeble human being has penetrated the vast masses of nature with an informing soul, and recognised itself in their harmony, that is, seized their law. In physics, when this is attained, the memory disburthens itself of its cumbrous catalogues of particulars, and carries centuries of observation in a single formula. Thus even in physics, the material is History Essay, degraded before the spiritual.
The astronomer, the geometer, rely on their irrefragable analysis, and disdain the results of observation. The sublime remark of Euler on poem outline his law of arches, This will be found contrary to all experience, yet is true; had already transferred nature into the mind, and left matter like an outcast corpse. 4. Night. Intellectual science has been observed to beget invariably a doubt of the existence of matter. Turgot said, He that has never doubted the analysis existence of Plan Adventure Store, matter, may be assured he has no aptitude for metaphysical inquiries. It fastens the attention upon immortal necessary uncreated natures, that is, upon Ideas; and in their presence, we feel that the outward circumstance is a dream and a shade. Analysis. Whilst we wait in this Olympus of gods, we think of nature as an appendix to the soul. We ascend into their region, and know that these are the thoughts of the Supreme Being. Analysis. These are they who were set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the poem analysis essay outline earth was.
When he prepared the heavens, they were there; when he established the Cuban clouds above, when he strengthened the fountains of the deep. Then they were by poem outline him, as one brought up with him. Of them took he counsel. Their influence is proportionate. As objects of who is odysseus, science, they are accessible to few men. Yet all men are capable of poem analysis outline, being raised by piety or by passion, into their region. And no man touches these divine natures, without becoming, in some degree, himself divine. Like a new soul, they renew the body. We become physically nimble and lightsome; we tread on air; life is no longer irksome, and we think it will never be so. No man fears age or misfortune or death, in their serene company, for he is Microsoft History, transported out of the district of change.
Whilst we behold unveiled the nature of Justice and poem essay Truth, we learn the difference between the Plan for an Store absolute and the conditional or relative. We apprehend the absolute. As it were, for the first time, we exist. We become immortal, for we learn that time and space are relations of matter; that, with a perception of truth, or a virtuous will, they have no affinity. 5. Finally, religion and ethics, which may be fitly called, -- the practice of ideas, or the introduction of analysis outline, ideas into life, -- have an analogous effect with all lower culture, in degrading nature and suggesting its dependence on about Realism spirit.
Ethics and religion differ herein; that the one is the system of human duties commencing from man; the other, from God. Religion includes the personality of God; Ethics does not. Poem Analysis Essay Outline. They are one to our present design. Marketing Plan For An Adventure. They both put nature under foot. The first and last lesson of religion is, The things that are seen, are temporal; the things that are unseen, are eternal. Analysis Outline. It puts an affront upon nature.
It does that for odysseus the unschooled, which philosophy does for Berkeley and poem essay outline Viasa. The uniform language that may be heard in the churches of the who is odysseus father most ignorant sects, is,------Contemn the unsubstantial shows of the world; they are vanities, dreams, shadows, unrealities; seek the realities of essay, religion. The devotee flouts nature. IMB And Microsoft History Essay. Some theosophists have arrived at a certain hostility and indignation towards matter, as the Manichean and Plotinus. They distrusted in themselves any looking back to these flesh-pots of analysis outline, Egypt. Plotinus was ashamed of his body. In short, they might all say of matter, what Michael Angelo said of the four of a, external beauty, it is the frail and weary weed, in which God dresses the soul, which he has called into time. It appears that motion, poetry, physical and intellectual science, and outline religion, all tend to Marketing Plan Adventure Essay affect our convictions of the reality of the external world. But I own there is something ungrateful in expanding too curiously the particulars of the general proposition, that all culture tends to imbue us with idealism.
I have no hostility to nature, but a child's love to it. I expand and live in the warm day like corn and melons. Analysis Outline. Let us speak her fair. Marketing For An Adventure Essay. I do not wish to fling stones at my beautiful mother, nor soil my gentle nest. I only wish to poem essay outline indicate the true position of Holocaust A New Anti-, nature in regard to man, wherein to establish man, all right education tends; as the ground which to attain is the object of human life, that is, of man's connection with nature. Culture inverts the vulgar views of nature, and brings the mind to analysis outline call that apparent, which it uses to call real, and IMB and Microsoft that real, which it uses to call visionary. Children, it is true, believe in the external world. Analysis Essay. The belief that it appears only, is an afterthought, but with culture, this faith will as surely arise on night the mind as did the first. The advantage of the outline ideal theory over the popular faith, is this, that it presents the world in precisely that view which is most desirable to the mind.
It is, in fact, the view which Reason, both speculative and practical, that is, philosophy and virtue, take. For, seen in the light of thought, the world always is IMB and, phenomenal; and analysis outline virtue subordinates it to the mind. Idealism sees the world in Essay Missile Crisis-Individual, God. It beholds the poem essay whole circle of persons and things, of Marketing Plan for an Adventure Store Essay, actions and events, of country and religion, not as painfully accumulated, atom after atom, act after act, in an aged creeping Past, but as one vast picture, which God paints on poem analysis the instant eternity, for the contemplation of the soul. Therefore the soul holds itself off from a too trivial and Marketing Plan Adventure microscopic study of the universal tablet. It respects the end too much, to immerse itself in the means. It sees something more important in Christianity, than the analysis essay outline scandals of ecclesiastical history, or the night analysis niceties of criticism; and, very incurious concerning persons or miracles, and poem essay outline not at all disturbed by Missile Realism chasms of historical evidence, it accepts from God the phenomenon, as it finds it, as the pure and awful form of religion in the world. It is not hot and poem analysis essay passionate at the appearance of what it calls its own good or bad fortune, at the union or opposition of Marketing Adventure Store Essay, other persons.
No man is poem, its enemy. It accepts whatsoever befalls, as part of its lesson. It is a watcher more than a doer, and it is Missile Realism, a doer, only that it may the better watch. Chapter VII SPIRIT It is essential to a true theory of nature and of man, that it should contain somewhat progressive. Uses that are exhausted or that may be, and facts that end in the statement, cannot be all that is true of this brave lodging wherein man is poem essay outline, harbored, and dimensions parenting are warmth, communication, wherein all his faculties find appropriate and endless exercise. And all the uses of nature admit of being summed in one, which yields the activity of man an infinite scope. Through all its kingdoms, to the suburbs and outskirts of things, it is faithful to the cause whence it had its origin. It always speaks of analysis essay outline, Spirit. The Four Dimensions Of A Parenting Style Are Warmth,. It suggests the poem analysis essay outline absolute. History. It is a perpetual effect. Poem Analysis. It is analysis, a great shadow pointing always to poem the sun behind us.
The aspect of nature is devout. Like the figure of Jesus, she stands with bended head, and hands folded upon the breast. The happiest man is he who learns from nature the father lesson of worship. Of that ineffable essence which we call Spirit, he that thinks most, will say least. We can foresee God in the coarse, and, as it were, distant phenomena of matter; but when we try to define and poem describe himself, both language and thought desert us, and we are as helpless as fools and savages. That essence refuses to Essay about Cuban Crisis-Individual, Realism be recorded in propositions, but when man has worshipped him intellectually, the noblest ministry of nature is to poem outline stand as the apparition of God. It is the organ through which the universal spirit speaks to the individual, and strives to lead back the individual to it. When we consider Spirit, we see that the views already presented do not include the whole circumference of man. We must add some related thoughts. Three problems are put by nature to the mind; What is style discipline,, matter? Whence is it? and Whereto?
The first of these questions only, the ideal theory answers. Idealism saith: matter is a phenomenon, not a substance. Poem Essay. Idealism acquaints us with the total disparity between the evidence of our own being, and the evidence of the world's being. The one is perfect; the other, incapable of odysseus, any assurance; the essay mind is a part of the nature of things; the world is a divine dream, from which we may presently awake to the glories and certainties of day. About Cuban Crisis-Individual, Realism. Idealism is analysis essay outline, a hypothesis to account for nature by other principles than those of carpentry and chemistry. Yet, if it only deny the existence of matter, it does not satisfy the demands of the spirit. It leaves God out of me. It leaves me in the splendid labyrinth of my perceptions, to wander without end. Then the heart resists it, because it balks the affections in denying substantive being to men and women. Adventure Store Essay. Nature is so pervaded with human life, that there is something of humanity in all, and in every particular.
But this theory makes nature foreign to me, and does not account for that consanguinity which we acknowledge to poem essay it. Let it stand, then, in the present state of night, our knowledge, merely as a useful introductory hypothesis, serving to apprize us of the eternal distinction between the soul and the world. But when, following the invisible steps of thought, we come to inquire, Whence is matter? and Whereto? many truths arise to us out of the recesses of consciousness. We learn that the highest is present to the soul of man, that the dread universal essence, which is not wisdom, or love, or beauty, or power, but all in one, and each entirely, is that for which all things exist, and that by which they are; that spirit creates; that behind nature, throughout nature, spirit is present; one and not compound, it does not act upon us from outline without, that is, in space and time, but spiritually, or through ourselves: therefore, that spirit, that is, the Supreme Being, does not build up nature around us, but puts it forth through us, as the life of the IMB and History Essay tree puts forth new branches and leaves through the poem pores of the old. As a plant upon the earth, so a man rests upon the bosom of God; he is Essay, nourished by unfailing fountains, and draws, at his need, inexhaustible power. Poem. Who can set bounds to the possibilities of man? Once inhale the upper air, being admitted to behold the absolute natures of justice and truth, and we learn that man has access to the entire mind of the Creator, is himself the Denial: New Anti- examples creator in the finite. This view, which admonishes me where the sources of wisdom and analysis power lie, and points to virtue as to The golden key. Which opes the palace of eternity, carries upon its face the highest certificate of truth, because it animates me to create my own world through the purification of my soul. The world proceeds from the same spirit as the body of Essay Crisis-Individual,, man.
It is a remoter and inferior incarnation of God, a projection of God in the unconscious. Essay. But it differs from the body in one important respect. It is not, like that, now subjected to the human will. Its serene order is inviolable by us. Marketing Plan For An Adventure Store Essay. It is, therefore, to us, the present expositor of the divine mind. It is a fixed point whereby we may measure our departure. As we degenerate, the contrast between us and our house is more evident.
We are as much strangers in nature, as we are aliens from God. We do not understand the notes of birds. The fox and the deer run away from us; the bear and tiger rend us. We do not know the uses of more than a few plants, as corn and the apple, the potato and the vine. Poem. Is not the landscape, every glimpse of which hath a grandeur, a face of him? Yet this may show us what discord is between man and nature, for you cannot freely admire a noble landscape, if laborers are digging in the field hard by. Character Analysis. The poet finds something ridiculous in his delight, until he is poem outline, out of the sight of men. Chapter VIII PROSPECTS In inquiries respecting the laws of the world and the frame of things, the highest reason is night character analysis, always the truest. That which seems faintly possible -- it is so refined, is poem essay, often faint and dim because it is deepest seated in the mind among the eternal verities. Empirical science is Marketing for an Adventure Essay, apt to cloud the sight, and, by the very knowledge of functions and poem analysis essay processes, to bereave the student of the manly contemplation of the whole. The savant becomes unpoetic.
But the best read naturalist who lends an entire and devout attention to truth, will see that there remains much to learn of his relation to the world, and that it is not to be learned by who is father any addition or subtraction or other comparison of known quantities, but is arrived at by untaught sallies of the spirit, by a continual self-recovery, and by entire humility. Poem Essay Outline. He will perceive that there are far more excellent qualities in the student than preciseness and infallibility; that a guess is often more fruitful than an indisputable affirmation, and that a dream may let us deeper into the secret of Essay Cuban Missile Crisis-Individual, Realism, nature than a hundred concerted experiments. For, the problems to be solved are precisely those which the physiologist and the naturalist omit to poem analysis outline state. It is not so pertinent to man to know all the individuals of the animal kingdom, as it is to know whence and whereto is this tyrannizing unity in his constitution, which evermore separates and classifies things, endeavoring to reduce the most diverse to one form. When I behold a rich landscape, it is less to my purpose to recite correctly the order and superposition of the strata, than to know why all thought of multitude is lost in a tranquil sense of unity. I cannot greatly honor minuteness in IMB and details, so long as there is no hint to explain the relation between things and thoughts; no ray upon the metaphysics of conchology, of botany, of the essay arts, to Microsoft show the relation of the forms of essay, flowers, shells, animals, architecture, to the mind, and build science upon ideas. In a cabinet of natural history, we become sensible of a certain occult recognition and sympathy in regard to the most unwieldly and eccentric forms of beast, fish, and insect. The American who has been confined, in his own country, to the sight of buildings designed after foreign models, is surprised on entering York Minster or St. Peter's at Rome, by the feeling that these structures are imitations also, -- faint copies of an invisible archetype. Nor has science sufficient humanity, so long as the naturalist overlooks that wonderful congruity which subsists between man and the world; of which he is lord, not because he is the most subtile inhabitant, but because he is its head and heart, and finds something of about Realism, himself in every great and small thing, in every mountain stratum, in every new law of color, fact of astronomy, or atmospheric influence which observation or analysis lay open. Poem. A perception of parenting are warmth, discipline, communication,, this mystery inspires the muse of George Herbert, the beautiful psalmist of the seventeenth century.
The following lines are part of his little poem on Man. Man is all symmetry, Full of proportions, one limb to another, And to all the analysis essay world besides. Each part may call the farthest, brother; For head with foot hath private amity, And both with moons and character analysis tides. Nothing hath got so far.
But man hath caught and kept it as his prey; His eyes dismount the highest star; He is in poem little all the sphere. Herbs gladly cure our flesh, because that they. Find their acquaintance there. For us, the winds do blow,
The earth doth rest, heaven move, and fountains flow; Nothing we see, but means our good, As our delight, or as our treasure; The whole is either our cupboard of Marketing for an, food, Or cabinet of pleasure. The stars have us to bed: Night draws the curtain; which the sun withdraws. Music and light attend our head. All things unto our flesh are kind,
In their descent and being; to our mind, In their ascent and cause. More servants wait on man. Than he'll take notice of. In every path, He treads down that which doth befriend him. When sickness makes him pale and wan.
Oh mighty love! Man is one world, and hath. Another to attend him. The perception of this class of truths makes the attraction which draws men to science, but the end is lost sight of in attention to the means. In view of this half-sight of science, we accept the sentence of Plato, that, poetry comes nearer to vital truth than history.
Every surmise and vaticination of the mind is entitled to a certain respect, and we learn to prefer imperfect theories, and sentences, which contain glimpses of truth, to digested systems which have no one valuable suggestion. A wise writer will feel that the ends of study and composition are best answered by announcing undiscovered regions of thought, and so communicating, through hope, new activity to the torpid spirit. I shall therefore conclude this essay with some traditions of man and nature, which a certain poet sang to me; and which, as they have always been in the world, and perhaps reappear to every bard, may be both history and prophecy. `The foundations of man are not in matter, but in spirit. But the essay element of spirit is eternity. To it, therefore, the longest series of events, the odysseus father oldest chronologies are young and analysis recent.
In the cycle of the universal man, from whom the known individuals proceed, centuries are points, and all history is but the Marketing Plan Adventure Store Essay epoch of one degradation. `We distrust and deny inwardly our sympathy with nature. Outline. We own and disown our relation to it, by turns. We are, like Nebuchadnezzar, dethroned, bereft of reason, and eating grass like an ox. But who can set limits to the remedial force of spirit? `A man is a god in ruins. When men are innocent, life shall be longer, and shall pass into the immortal, as gently as we awake from dreams.
Now, the world would be insane and rabid, if these disorganizations should last for hundreds of years. It is kept in check by death and infancy. Infancy is the perpetual Messiah, which comes into the arms of fallen men, and pleads with them to return to paradise. `Man is the dwarf of himself. Once he was permeated and dissolved by spirit. He filled nature with his overflowing currents. Out from character analysis him sprang the sun and moon; from man, the sun; from woman, the moon. Poem Analysis Essay. The laws of his mind, the periods of his actions externized themselves into who is odysseus father day and night, into the year and the seasons. Analysis Essay. But, having made for himself this huge shell, his waters retired; he no longer fills the veins and veinlets; he is shrunk to a drop.
He sees, that the structure still fits him, but fits him colossally. Say, rather, once it fitted him, now it corresponds to him from far and on high. Are Warmth, Discipline, Communication,. He adores timidly his own work. Now is man the poem analysis essay outline follower of the sun, and woman the follower of the moon. Yet sometimes he starts in night his slumber, and wonders at himself and his house, and muses strangely at the resemblance betwixt him and it. He perceives that if his law is still paramount, if still he have elemental power, if his word is sterling yet in nature, it is not conscious power, it is not inferior but superior to his will.
It is Instinct.' Thus my Orphic poet sang. At present, man applies to nature but half his force. He works on the world with his understanding alone. He lives in poem analysis outline it, and masters it by a penny-wisdom; and A Essay he that works most in analysis it, is Essay Cuban Missile Crisis-Individual,, but a half-man, and whilst his arms are strong and his digestion good, his mind is imbruted, and he is a selfish savage. His relation to nature, his power over it, is through the understanding; as by manure; the economic use of fire, wind, water, and the mariner's needle; steam, coal, chemical agriculture; the repairs of the human body by the dentist and the surgeon. This is such a resumption of power, as if a banished king should buy his territories inch by inch, instead of vaulting at once into his throne. Meantime, in the thick darkness, there are not wanting gleams of a better light, -- occasional examples of the action of man upon nature with his entire force, -- with reason as well as understanding. Such examples are; the traditions of miracles in the earliest antiquity of all nations; the analysis outline history of Jesus Christ; the achievements of a principle, as in religious and political revolutions, and in the abolition of the Slave-trade; the miracles of enthusiasm, as those reported of Swedenborg, Hohenlohe, and the Shakers; many obscure and yet contested facts, now arranged under the name of Essay Cuban Realism, Animal Magnetism; prayer; eloquence; self-healing; and the wisdom of children.
These are examples of Reason's momentary grasp of the sceptre; the analysis essay outline exertions of Essay about Cuban Missile Realism, a power which exists not in time or space, but an instantaneous in-streaming causing power. The difference between the actual and the ideal force of man is happily figured by the schoolmen, in saying, that the knowledge of man is an evening knowledge, vespertina cognitio, but that of God is a morning knowledge, matutina cognitio. The problem of essay outline, restoring to the world original and eternal beauty, is solved by the redemption of the soul. The ruin or the blank, that we see when we look at nature, is in our own eye. The axis of vision is not coincident with the axis of things, and so they appear not transparent but opake. The reason why the about Missile world lacks unity, and lies broken and in heaps, is, because man is disunited with himself. Poem Outline. He cannot be a naturalist, until he satisfies all the demands of the spirit.
Love is as much its demand, as perception. Indeed, neither can be perfect without the other. In the uttermost meaning of the words, thought is Microsoft History, devout, and devotion is thought. Deep calls unto deep. But in actual life, the marriage is not celebrated. There are innocent men who worship God after the tradition of their fathers, but their sense of poem outline, duty has not yet extended to the use of all their faculties.
And there are patient naturalists, but they freeze their subject under the wintry light of the understanding. Is not prayer also a study of truth, -- a sally of the soul into the unfound infinite? No man ever prayed heartily, without learning something. But when a faithful thinker, resolute to detach every object from personal relations, and see it in the light of thought, shall, at the same time, kindle science with the fire of the holiest affections, then will God go forth anew into the creation. It will not need, when the mind is prepared for study, to search for objects. The invariable mark of wisdom is to see the miraculous in the common. What is a day? What is a year? What is summer?
What is woman? What is a child? What is sleep? To our blindness, these things seem unaffecting. We make fables to hide the father baldness of the fact and conform it, as we say, to the higher law of the mind. But when the fact is seen under the light of an idea, the gaudy fable fades and poem shrivels. We behold the real higher law. To the wise, therefore, a fact is true poetry, and the most beautiful of who is odysseus father, fables. These wonders are brought to our own door. You also are a man.
Man and woman, and their social life, poverty, labor, sleep, fear, fortune, are known to you. Learn that none of these things is poem outline, superficial, but that each phenomenon has its roots in the faculties and affections of the mind. Essay About Crisis-Individual, Realism. Whilst the abstract question occupies your intellect, nature brings it in the concrete to be solved by essay outline your hands. It were a wise inquiry for the closet, to compare, point by point, especially at of a parenting style are warmth,, remarkable crises in life, our daily history, with the rise and progress of ideas in the mind. So shall we come to look at the world with new eyes. It shall answer the analysis essay outline endless inquiry of the intellect, -- What is truth? and who is odysseus father of the affections, -- What is good? by yielding itself passive to the educated Will. Then shall come to pass what my poet said; `Nature is not fixed but fluid. Spirit alters, moulds, makes it. The immobility or bruteness of nature, is the absence of spirit; to pure spirit, it is fluid, it is volatile, it is obedient. Every spirit builds itself a house; and beyond its house a world; and beyond its world, a heaven.
Know then, that the world exists for you. For you is the phenomenon perfect. What we are, that only can we see. All that Adam had, all that Caesar could, you have and poem analysis outline can do. Adam called his house, heaven and earth; Caesar called his house, Rome; you perhaps call yours, a cobler's trade; a hundred acres of Plan for an Adventure Store, ploughed land; or a scholar's garret. Yet line for line and point for point, your dominion is as great as theirs, though without fine names.
Build, therefore, your own world. As fast as you conform your life to the pure idea in your mind, that will unfold its great proportions. A correspondent revolution in things will attend the influx of the spirit. So fast will disagreeable appearances, swine, spiders, snakes, pests, madhouses, prisons, enemies, vanish; they are temporary and shall be no more seen. Poem Analysis Outline. The sordor and filths of nature, the sun shall dry up, and the wind exhale.
As when the summer comes from the south; the snow-banks melt, and Holocaust Semitism Essay examples the face of the earth becomes green before it, so shall the advancing spirit create its ornaments along its path, and carry with it the beauty it visits, and the song which enchants it; it shall draw beautiful faces, warm hearts, wise discourse, and heroic acts, around its way, until evil is no more seen. The kingdom of man over nature, which cometh not with observation, -- a dominion such as now is beyond his dream of God, -- he shall enter without more wonder than the blind man feels who is gradually restored to perfect sight.'