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The oval portrait by edgar allan poe

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argument writing Centre for Academic Success. It is portrait allan poe very important that you recognize which type of essay questions are looking for some sort of judgement, and then to be able to construct an new technology in wwii effective, convincing argument in your answer. Portrait By Edgar? A major cause of complaint from tutors is that students at all levels do not do this very well, and make their writing descriptive rather than argumentative. As a result, a well-argued, well-balanced assignment is almost bound to new technology, get a very good mark. Portrait By Edgar Poe? The following essay titles all require a judgement or argument: Should capital punishment be reintroduced in the UK? To what extent has the government been successful in its fight against illegal drugs? The notion that all early music should be played on authentic instruments is a fallacy. Discuss. It is conclusion diabetes a commonplace observation that workers dislike and resist change in the workplace. The Oval Portrait Allan? How far do you think this is a rational response to their economic position and how far simply a result of the in wwii mismanagement of change? If you were to write a very general essay, for example, about capital punishment, without answering the specific question asked, your mark is going to be low.

Instead, what you need to do is: think what the main points of your argument would be. By Edgar Allan Poe? do extensive reading to find evidence to new technology, back up your points, and at the same time note down counter-arguments and portrait by edgar contradictory evidence. Night? There is always more than one side to an argument, and it is very important in a piece of academic writing to show that you are aware of these different opinions. Your approach must be balanced, not one-sided. structure your answer carefully. You should state what your conclusion will be right at the oval, the start in your introduction; then present both, or all, sides of the argument in a logical, coherent manner, showing clearly which side you stand on by the specific use of language (see below) and friday lights novel use of appropriate examples and evidence; and finally include a well-developed conclusion which draws all the strands together andmakes completely clear where you stand. In an argumentative essay the conclusionis probably the the oval by edgar allan poe most important part, so don#8217;t make it too short. As stated above, your argument must be well-balanced and recognize different opinions and approaches. You should not, therefore, be too dogmatic in your approach, and completely dismiss one side of the argument. At the same time, you should not #8220;sit on act 5 2 macbeth the fence#8221; and take an indecisive approach, as this may be interpreted as you not having an opinion, or simply not knowing. (In terms of pure argument, you don#8217;t necessarily have to the oval by edgar allan, completely agree with what you are saying). Sample piece of argumentative writing. Read the following very short argumentative essay and go through the accompanying analysis.

Discuss the funding of childcare provision in the UK. 1 Recent changes in government priorities have seen a reduction in financial support for parents who use childcare. This is occurring at a time when there is increasing social and financial pressure on parents, particularly. mothers, to work. The issue of childcare and working mothers has been the subject of dispute for some time. Many, notably Giles (2001) and act 5 2 macbeth Gough (1999) argue that the best place for the oval by edgar poe children is scene always in their own homes with their own parents. However, it is my contention that there are many advantages to the oval by edgar poe, be had from using childcare and the government should provide more financial assistance to parents who do so.

3 Another argument against the use of asda childcare facilities (Vaughan 2001) is that children can be emotionally deprived in these facilities compared to the home. This argument assumes that the the oval portrait best place for children is to conclusion, be at their parents', especially mothers', side for twenty four hours a day. It claims that children's emotional development can be damaged when they are left in childcare facilities. However, parents and children need to spend sometime apart. Moreover, children become less dependent on their parents and parents themselves are less stressed and more effective care-givers when there are periods of separation. In fact, a recent study conducted by MCC (2003) indicates that the parent-child relationship can in fact be improved by the use of high-quality childcare facilities. 4 It could further be asserted that the government and the economy as a whole cannot afford the enormous cost involved in portrait by edgar allan supporting childcare for working parents. Red Bull Cooper For Sale? However, working parents actually contribute to the national economy.

They are able to utilise their productive skills and pay income tax, while non-working parents can become a drain on the oval portrait allan poe the tax system through dependent spouse and other rebates. This is the introduction, which clearly states the main premise in the final sentence: These paragraphs all follow a similar pattern. The counter-argument is given first, followed by the argument put forward by the writer of the piece. The counter-argument is asda grocery #8220;weakened#8221; or #8220;problematized#8221; by the oval portrait by edgar allan poe, phrases such as: This argument assumes . It could further be asserted . It is act 5 important to show this opposing argument, as by doing so you are showing that you have considered both sides of the argument, and the oval portrait also that you are able to anticipate and new technology in wwii criticize any opposing arguments before they are even stated. It is also important to clearly mark the shift from the opposing argument to your own supporting argument. In these three paragraphs, this is done by the use of the word however . This is a very short conclusion. 1 When you can think of the opposing opinion but you have not seen it written anywhere: 2 When you have seen the opposing opinion written in another text: Alternatives to #8220;however#8221;: A model argumentative essay.

Should marine mammals be kept in captivity in marine parks? The issue of whether we should allow marine parks to stay open has been widely debated in our community recently. It is an the oval portrait by edgar poe important issue because it concerns fundamental moral and economic questions about the way we use our native wildlife. Conclusion? A variety of different arguments have been put forward about this issue. This essay will consider arguments for having marine parks and point to portrait poe, some of the problems with these views. It will then put forward reasons for the introduction of laws which prohibit these unnecessary and cruel institutions. It is the friday contention of the Marine Park Owners Association that marine parks attract a lot of foreign tourists (The Sun-Herald, 1993). This position goes on to assert that these tourists spend a lot of money, increasing our foreign exchange earnings and portrait by edgar poe assisting our national balance of payments. However, foreign tourists would still come to Australia if the parks were closed down. Indeed, surveys of overseas tourists show that they come here for a variety of other reasons and not to visit places like Seaworld (The Age, 1993).

Tourists come here to see our native wildlife in its natural environment and act 5 scene not to see it in cages and cement pools. They can see animals in those condition in the oval portrait allan poe their own countries Furthermore, we should be promoting our beautiful natural environment to tourists and not the ugly concrete marine park venues. The Age (1993) Use of Marine Parks for Scientific Research 19.2.93. The Age (1993) Should Animals be Kept in Marine Parks/ 16.8.93. Jones, G. (1991).

The Myths about Animal Research in Marine Parks. Scientific Australian . Vol 12, No 3. Cooper? Smith, H. (1992). Portrait By Edgar? Marine Parks: Good for Business, Good for diabetes Australia. Leisure Business Review . Vol 24, No. 4. The Sun-Herald (1993) Increase in the oval portrait by edgar allan Tourists Visiting Marine Parks 20.7.93.

Links to further resources on asda grocery developing an the oval portrait poe argument. Last updated: 4 January 2011. Centre for The Internet of Everything Essay Academic Success. City North : 0121 331 7685 Email. Millennium Point Learning Centre : 0121 202 2500 Email.

To book a tutorial at Millennium Point: 0121 202 2500.

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Edgar Allan Poe - Wikipedia

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Quaid E Azam- an Architect of Pakistan. Submitted to: Sir Superman Submitted by: James Bond Degree ‘34’ Syndicate ‘CIA’ Date: 21-03-2013 CONTENTS Chapter 1 * Background * Quaid’s early life * Education Chapter 2 * Politics * Membership of Congress * Hindu-Muslim Unity * Devotion to Muslim League * Leadership of Muslims Chapter 3 * Thought of Separate Homeland * Pakistan Resolution * Gandhi-Quaid meetings * Views about Quaid Chapter 4 * Defending Policy of by edgar allan Quaid Chapter 5 * Formation of Federal Cabinet * Constitutional Problems * Establishment of Capital * Provincial Government Establishment of conclusion diabetes Administrative Headquarters * Foreign Affairs * Education Policy CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY REFERENCES 1) Syed Shamsul Hassan ed. , Correspondence of Quaid-i-Azam M. A. Jinnahand other papers, Shamsul Hassan collection, Organizational Matters, Vol. I (1936-1947) 2) Akbar S. Ahmed, Jinnah, Pakistan and Islamic Identity, (Karachi: Oxford University press, 1997) 3) Prof. Khurshid Ahmed, Islamic Ideology (Karachi: Karachi university,2002). Poe. 4) Quaid’s speech at university stadium Lahore, 30 october 1947 5) Syed Hussain Imam “Sterling qualities of Quaid”. ) Ahmad Khan Yusufi, Speeches, statements and messages of Quaid-e-Azam. 7) Rajmohan Gandhi, Eight Lives: A Study of the Hindu-Muslim Encounter (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1986) 8) Wikipedia the free Encyclopedia. 9) www. national heritage . government. pk 10) “Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah”. Government of 2 macbeth Pakistan Website. 11) “Quaid-e-As is Mohammad Ali Jinnah”. The Jinnah Society. 12) “Jinnah: South Asia’s greatest ever leader”.

13) BBC’s Poll for South Asia’s greatest ever leader. 14) “The Father of the oval by edgar allan Pakistan”. The Most Influential Asians of the Century by friday lights TIME. 15) “Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876–1948)”. Story of the oval by edgar allan poe Pakistan.

16) “Jinnah’s speech to diabetes, the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan”. 11 August 1947. 17) “Jinnah’s Thought at a Glance”. Yes Pakistan. com. 18) “Mohammed Ali Jinnah (1876–1948)”. Harappa. com.

19) “Pictures of the oval allan poe Quaid (Album)”. Urdu Point. 20) “South Asia’s Clarence Darrow”. Night Novel. Chow. 21) “I Remember Jinnah”. Daily Dawn (newspaper). 22) “1947 – August”. Chronicles Of Pakistan ACKNOWLEDGE This research paper is dedicated to all those martyres who worked the reation of a separate home land for portrait by edgar poe Muslims. They helped Quaid-e-As am in this great mission and gave sacrifices for grocery our independence . They face many problems and hardships for the independence of Muslims in the subcontinent. I would like to thank James Bond for assigning this topic to me. It was truly an enlightening experience for me to do research on this topic.

I would also like to thank my respected teacher Iron Man for the oval portrait by edgar allan poe guiding me and providing me with more than enough knowledge on this topic. The research was mainly done using the help of computers and internet therefore the bibliography section may look a little empty at conclusion diabetes first. But once one gets to visit these internet sites he is marveled by the amount of data provided on the oval portrait poe the respective topic. So hats off to all those people who are spending their precious time to run these enlightening websites. Without these the worth of internet would be much less in the context of knowledge. The main objective of this research paper is to highlights the efforts of the Quaid-e-As am Muhammad Ali Jinnah in the creation of Pakistan. This modern disease has even spread to those who live in the West but have Pakistani roots.

It is however interesting that all these critical people studied in Pakistani schools, travelled on Pakistani passports and have families in that country. Painting a realistic image of act 5 Pakistan in our young people’s minds is the only way they can hope to the oval allan poe, have a sense of belonging to the country and grocery shop the elderly generation has a duty to provide a great deal in helping such parents and families living abroad whose roots are still fastened firmly with this land. Coming back to he topic, it is very difficult to add something new or something that is not known about him. Portrait By Edgar Allan Poe. Yet the paradox is that the of Everything, younger generation has to be reminded of his contribution to the history of Muslims of the Subcontinent What I want to the oval portrait by edgar, share with you about Quaid, is not only the information from history books, magazines and new technology in wwii films, but also what was told to the oval allan poe, me by diabetes my father and those who saw the Quaid, worked for the cause of the oval by edgar Pakistan and saw the creation of Pakistan. Pakistan’s story is so much linked with the conclusion, life of the Quaid –e-As am that one cannot be told without the other.

So who was this great man, who with the help of his type writer and an adoring sister created the largest country for portrait by edgar allan poe Muslims in the world in a span of conclusion diabetes few years. In his biography of titled “Jinnah of Pakistan”, the American historian, Stanley Wilbert, makes the portrait by edgar allan poe, following observation that so accurately describes the legacy of Quaid and his footprint on history: “Few individuals significantly alter the course of history. Fewer still modify the map of the mini cooper, world. Hardly anyone can be credited with creating a nation-state. Muhammad Ali Jinnah did all three. The Oval By Edgar Allan. During his lifetime, he brought the wisdom to walk in the path of honor, the courage to follow his convictions, and an abiding compassion for others. He enriched us all by the nobility of his spirit. ————————————————- ————————————————- CHAP # 1 Quaid’s Early life Background According to Sarojini Naidu, a famous Congress politician, close friend and follower of Gandhi but also author of Quaid’s first biography, Quaid’s ancestors were Hindu Rajput who converted to conclusion, Islam. Jinnah’s family belonged to the oval by edgar poe, the Ismailia Kahoka branch of Shi’a Islam. Early Education He studied at several schools at the Sind Madras a-tool-Islam in Karachi; briefly at the Goal Das Ten Primary School in act 5 scene Bombay; and allan finally at diabetes the Christian Missionary Society High School in Karachi, where, at age sixteen, he passed the matriculation examination other University of Bombay. Higher Education in England In 1892, at the age of only allan poe 16, he sailed to of Everything Essay, England to study and in 3 years, at the oval portrait poe age 19, he became the youngest Indian to be called to the bar in asda shop England. During his student years in England, Jinnah came under the influence of 19th-century British liberalism, and the oval poe his education included exposure to the idea of the democratic nation and progressive politics.

But later as an Indian intellectual and political authority, Jinnah would find his commitment to the Western ideal of the conclusion diabetes, nation-state and the reality of Indian society of many religions, cultures and poe ethnic groups difficult to reconcile during his later political career. In 1896 he returned to India and settled in Bombay. He built a House in Malabar Hill, later known as Jinnah House. He. Like most of the Congress at the time, Jinnah did not favor outright independence, considering British influences on education, law, culture and industry as beneficial to act 5, India.

Quaid had initially avoided joining the the oval, All India Muslim League, founded in 1906 because he regarded it as too religiously oriented. However he decided to provide leadership to the Muslim minority. Hindu-Muslim Unity ; Joining Muslim League His efforts to work for all Indians was so much respected that he was called; Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity. Eventually, he joined the Muslim League in act 5 scene 2 macbeth 1913 and became the President at the 1916 session in portrait by edgar Luck now. Jinnah was the architect of the lights novel, 1916 Luck now Pact between the Congress and the League, bringing them together on the oval portrait by edgar most issues regarding self-government and presenting a united front to the British. Jinnah broke with the Congress in 1920 when the Congress leader, Mohandas Gandhi, launched a law violating Non-Cooperation Movement against the British, which a temperamentally law abiding barrister Jinnah disapproved of. One Western journalist asked Quaid, why he never went to new technology in wwii, jail while all Congress leaders like Gandhi, Nehru, Patel and by edgar allan poe Baldev Singh have been in many times in prison. Quaid replies: “I am a parliamentarian.

Prison is for criminals”. In 1924 Quaid, officially reorganized the Muslim League and Devoted the next seven years attempting to bring about Unity among various ranks of friday night lights novel Muslims and to develop Rational formula to effect a Hindu Muslim settlement, Which he considered the pre-condition for Indian freedom. This task was very difficult and was frustrated in the start. The Oval Portrait Poe. Balder Singh “He once remarked that every time, I put my hand in the pocket, I find forged coins, refereeing to disunity and diabetes internal fight among Muslim leaders”. Even if he was working tirelessly to unite Muslims in Hindustan, he attended several unity conferences between Congress and the oval portrait by edgar allan poe Muslim league. He wrote the “Delhi Muslim Proposals in asda grocery shop 1927”, pleaded for the oval portrait the incorporation of the red bull mini, basic Muslim demands in the Nehru report, and formulated the by edgar, “Fourteen Points” Furthermore, in 1927, Quaid entered negotiations with Muslim and Hindu leaders on the issue of a future constitution, during the friday night lights, struggle against the all-British Simon Commission. The Oval By Edgar Poe. The Muslim League wanted separate electorates while the Nehru Report favored joint electorates. Quaid personally opposed separate electorates, but accepted the decision of his party. He then drafted compromises and put forth demands that he thought would satisfy both. These became known as the 14 points of Mr.

Jinnah. However, they were rejected by the Congress and other political parties. The British government called 2 Round Table Conferences in friday night lights novel London to let Hindustani leaders to work out their differences, but talks failed. By Edgar Allan Poe. Quaid was so disillusioned by the breakdown of talks, that in 1931 he relocated to London in order to practice in the Privy Council Bar. Devotion to Muslim League. That was a dark time for Muslims in India. The Internet Of Everything. But luckily, prominent Muslim leaders like Allama Iqbal, the Aga Khan and Chaudhary Rah mat Ali made efforts to convince Quaid to the oval portrait by edgar poe, return from London to India and take charge of a now-reunited Muslim League. In 1934 Quaid returned and began to re-organize the party, being closely assisted by Liquate Ali Khan, who would act as his right-hand man.

In the 1937 elections to lights, the Central Legislative Assembly, the League emerged as a competent party, capturing a significant number of seats under the Muslim electorate, but lost in the Muslim-majority Punjab, Sind and portrait poe the North-West Frontier Province. After the election success, Quaid offered an red bull mini, alliance with the Congress – both bodies would face the British together, but the Congress had to the oval portrait by edgar, share power, accept separate electorates and act 5 2 macbeth the League as the representative of portrait by edgar allan India’s Muslims. That was a proof of The Internet of Everything Essay Quaid was willing to go a long way to have an independent united Hindustan where Hindus and Muslims would be equal partners. The latter two terms were unacceptable to the Congress, which had its own national Muslim leaders and membership and adhered to the oval portrait, One India. Even as Quaid held talks with Congress president Rajendra Prasad, Congress leaders suspected that Quaid would use his position as a lever for exaggerated demands and obstruct government, and demanded that the League merge with the Congress. The talks failed, and while Quaid declared the resignation of conclusion all legislators from provincial and central offices in 1938 as a “Day of Deliverance” from Hindu domination, some historians assert that he remained hopeful for an agreement. But it was becoming clearer to Quaid and his associates that may be Congress was interested in such solution.

Gandhi often said to Quaid; “Let the British leave. Afterward, we can figure out allan, a solution. ” In one of conclusion his famous letters, Quaid asked Gandhi to be more precise as to the oval by edgar allan poe, how the friday night lights novel, power would be distributed. Gandhi replied; “My dear Jinnah, I cannot answer your questions because my inner light is not working”. Quaid wrote back; ”To hell with your inner light. Why do not you admit that you have no answer to what I am asking”? ————————————————- CHAP # 3 The Idea of Pakistan By the way, a wish for a separate homeland for portrait allan Muslims of conclusion diabetes Hindustan was in the air for some time. In a speech to the oval allan, the Muslim League in 1930, Llama Irbil raised the idea of an independent state for Muslims in “Northwest India”. Chaudhary Rah mat Ali published a pamphlet in The Internet of Everything Essay 1933 advocating a state called “Pakistan”. Thought of Separate Homeland Following the failure to work with the Congress, Quaid, who had embraced separate electorates and the exclusive right of the Muslim League to represent Muslims, was converted to the idea that Muslims needed a separate state to protect their rights.

He came to believe that Muslims and Hindus were distinct nations, with unbridgeable differences—a view later known as “the Two Nation Theory”. Quaid declared that a united India would lead to the marginalization of Muslims, and eventually civil war between Hindus and Muslims. This change of view may have occurred through his correspondence with Allama Iqbal, who was close to him. The Oval Portrait Allan. Pakistan resolution In the session in Lahore in 1940, the Pakistan resolution was adopted as the main goal of the Muslim League. The resolution was rejected outright by the Congress, and new technology in wwii criticized by many Muslim leaders like Maulana Abu Kalama Azad, Khan Abdul Gaffer Khan, Side Abdul Al Muddy and the Jamaal-e-Islamic. On 26 July 1943, Quaid was stabbed and portrait by edgar wounded by a member of the extremist Chasers in an attempted assassination. During the mission of British minister Stafford Cripps, Jinnah demanded parity between the conclusion diabetes, number of Congress and League ministers, the League’s exclusive right to appoint Muslims and a right for Muslim-majority provinces to poe, secede, leading to the breakdown of talks. When it became clear to both British and Congress party that Quaid and Muslim League would not budge from its demand, they made a common front against him.

Gandhi-Quaid meetings. In 1944 Gandhi held talks fourteen times with Quaid in Bombay, about a united front— while talks failed, Gandhi’s overtures to Jinnah increased as a last ditch effort to avoid the conclusion diabetes, partition of Hindustan. By Edgar Poe. But League was becoming very representative of The Internet of Everything all Muslims. The League’s influence increased in the Punjab after the death of Unionist leader Sikandar Hayat Khan in 1942. The Oval. In the 1946 elections for the Constituent Assembly of India, the Congress won most of the elected seats, while the League won a large majority of Muslim electorate seats. Interim Government portfolios were announced on 25 October 1946. Muslim Leaguers were sworn in on 26 October 1946. The League entered the of Everything, interim government, but Quaid refrained from accepting office for himself.

This was credited as a major victory for the oval allan Quaid, as the League entered government having rejected both plans, and was allowed to appoint an equal number of ministers despite being the minority party. The coalition was unable to Essay, work, resulting in a rising feeling within the Congress that independence of Pakistan was the only way of the oval portrait by edgar allan avoiding political chaos and possible civil war. Different views about Quaid. Some revisionist historians like H M Serve and Ayesha Jalap assert that Quaid never wanted partition of India. It was actually the outcome of the Congress leaders being unwilling to share power with the asda grocery, Muslim League. Portrait Allan. It is asserted that Quaid only used the act 5 scene, Pakistan demand as a method to portrait by edgar allan poe, mobilize support to obtain significant political rights for Muslims. Whatever the case may be, looking at the poor situation of Indian Muslims today and their second class status, Pakistanis should be grateful that Quaid gave up the conclusion, idea of a united India after the British departure and insisted that Muslims in Hindustan should have their own homeland. Quaid has gained the admiration of major Indian nationalist politicians like Leal Krishna Advani whose comments praising Jinnah caused uproar in his own Bharatiya Janta Party Jessant Singh likewise praised Jinnah for standing up to the Indian National Congress and the British.

Everyone from Mount baton, Gandhi, and Nehru down to ordinary persons, friend and by edgar allan poe foe all agreed that during his lifetime, he brought the wisdom to walk in the path of honor, the diabetes, courage to follow his convictions, and an abiding compassion for others. He enriched us all by the nobility of his spirit. In his book “Verdict on India” (1944), Beverley Nichols, the British author and journalist has a chapter; Dialogue with a Giant. This is allan about his meeting with Quaid. He wrote; “Mr. Night Lights Novel. Jinnah is in a position of unique strategic importance.

He can sway the battle this way or that as he chooses. The Oval By Edgar Allan Poe. His 100 million Muslims will march to the left, to the right, to the front, to the rear at his bidding and at nobody else’s. If Gandhi goes, there is Nehru or Raj opal or Paten or a dozen others. New Technology In Wwii. But if Jinnah goes, who is there? ” CHAP # 4 Jinnah’s Vision for Pakistan Defending Policy of Quaid. In 1937, Quaid defended his ideology of equality in his speech to the All-India Muslim League in Luck now where he stated, “Settlement can only be achieved between equals. ” He also had a rebuttal to Nehru’s statement which argued that the only two parties that mattered in India were the British Raj and INC. ” Jinnah stated that the Muslim League was the third and “equal partner” within Indian politics. Quaid gave a precise definition of the term ‘Pakistan’ in 1941 at Lahore in which he stated: “Some confusion prevails in the minds of some individuals in regard to the use of the word ‘Pakistan’. This word has become synonymous with the Lahore resolution owing to portrait poe, the fact that it is a convenient and compendious method of describing it.

Whilst giving an interview to American press representatives in July 1942, when asked by one of the journalists whether the in wwii, Muslims were a nation or not, Quaid replied: “We are a nation with our own distinctive culture and civilization, language and literature, art and architecture, names and nomenclature, sense of values and the oval portrait allan poe proportion, legal laws and moral codes, customs and calendar, history and traditions, aptitudes and ambitions, in short, we have our own distinctive outlook on life and of life. By all cannons of international law we are a nation. ” A controversy has raged in Pakistan about whether Jinnah wanted Pakistan to be a secular state or an Islamic state. His views as expressed in his policy speech on 11 August 1947 said: “I think we should keep that in front of us as our ideal and act 5 scene 2 macbeth you will find that in course of time Hindus would cease to be Hindus and Muslims would cease to allan, be Muslims, not in the religious sense, because that is the lights novel, personal faith of each individual, but in the political sense as citizens of the State”. Jinnah, 11August 1947 – presiding over the constituent assembly. Quaid wanted a secular state, but with Islamic principles. The reason is that a true Islamic state is not a theocratic state “Pakistan is not going to be a theocratic State to be ruled by priests with a divine mission.

We have many non-Muslims – Hindus, Christians, and Parses – but they are all Pakistanis. They will enjoy the same rights and the oval portrait by edgar privileges as any other citizens and will play their rightful part in the affairs of Pakistan”. Broadcast talk to the people of the United States of America on Pakistan recorded February 1948 Inaugurating the in wwii, assembly on 11 August 1947, Quaid spoke of an inclusive and pluralist democracy promising equal rights for all citizens regardless of religion, caste or creed. This address is a cause of the oval portrait by edgar much debate in Pakistan as, on its basis, many claim that Jinnah wanted a secular state while supporters of Islamic Pakistan assert that this speech is being taken out of context when compared to other speeches by him. On 11 October 1947, in night lights novel an address to Civil, Naval, Military and Air Force Officers of Pakistan Government, Karachi, he said: “We should have a State in which we could live and portrait by edgar poe breathe as free men and new technology in wwii which we could develop according to our own lights and culture and where principles of Islamic social justice could find free play”. On 21 February 1948, in the oval portrait by edgar allan an address to the officers and in wwii men of the 5th Heavy and 6thLight Regiments in Mali, Karachi, he said: “You have to stand guard over the development and maintenance of Islamic democracy, Islamic social justice and the equality of manhood in your own native soil. With faith, discipline and selfless devotion to duty, there is nothing worthwhile that you cannot achieve”. CHAP # 5 Quaid-e-As am as a Governor General On 14th August 1947, Quaid-e-As am Mohammad Ali Jinnah became the 1st Governor General. He remained Governor General for by edgar thirteen months. During this period, he solved many important national issues. Some of them are mentioned as under: Formation of Federal Cabinet As soon as the Quaid-e-As am took an immediate action and nominated members of the Federal Cabinet to run the Government affairs smoothly.

Liquate Ali Khan was elected as the Prime Minister. Other members of the cabinet were also nominated. This first cabinet of Pakistan took oath on 15th August 1947. Members of the Cabinet 1. Vardar Abdul Rib Nester (Transports) 2. Raja Ghazanfer Ali Khan (Agriculture) 3. Fazal-ur-Rehman (Education) 4. Friday Night Lights Novel. I. I Chundrigar (Industry) 5. Glulam Mohammad (Finance) 6. Allan. Jogander Nath Mandala (Law) 7. Sir Afar Ulla Khan Adjani (Affair) Constitutional Problems The Act of shop 1935 was amended and enforced in the country as there was no constitution available of the newly born state. Thus this great achievement was done under the administrative leadership of the Quaid-e-As am.

Establishment of allan poe Capital Karachi was made Capital of for sale Pakistan. Provincial Government Quaid-e-As an elected Chief Minister and Governor. Here are chief ministers of the oval portrait provinces: Khan Iftikhar Husain Midmost – Punjab Khuwaja Nazam-ud-Dn – East Bengal Khan Abdul Qayyum – N. W. F. P Mohammad AyeChurro – Sind Chief Commissioner (British) – Baluchistan Administrative Head Quarters For the administrative reformation, a committee was set up and act 5 scene Chaudhary Mohammad Aye was made the Secretary General. Civil Services were re-organized and Civil Services Academy was constituted. The Secretariat was established.

Moreover, Head-quarters for the oval by edgar allan poe Army, Navy and Air Force were set up. An ammunition factory was also set up. Attention to Foreign Affairs Realizing the sensitivity of mini cooper foreign affairs, Quaid-e-As am paid his utmost attention to the Foreign Policy. He developed healthy relations with the neighboring and developed countries that were the main objective of the Foreign Policy. Membership of UNO After independence, Quaid-e-As am paid immediate attention for acquiring membership of the United Nations Organization (UNO). On 30th September 1947, Pakistan became the member of the UNO. The Oval Portrait By Edgar Poe. This all, was done under the asda shop, dynamic leadership of Quaid-e-As am. Implementation of Education Policy Education plays an important role in the oval portrait allan the development of a country. It improves living standard of a nation and development. Education sector also needed attention at the time of independence. For this purpose, he held the of Everything, first Educational Conference in 1947.

He wished that every citizen of the oval portrait by edgar allan poe Pakistan should serve his nation with honesty and national spirit. He made nation with honesty and national spirit. He made acquisition of scientific and technological education compulsory for the students. Quaid-e-As am did a lot to improve education policy of the country. In the Service of 2 macbeth Pakistan. Quaid-e-As am served his country till his death. Despite his bad health, he kept on going through the important files. He succumbed to deadly disease of consumption.

First Cabinet of Pakistan First cabinet of Pakistan was also elected by the oval by edgar poe Quaid-e-As am. He took of it. Act 5. Liquate Ali Khan was first Prime Minister of poe Pakistan. CONCLUSION In the conclusion I would like to say that Quaid was great leader and a true Muslim and he was a real architect of Pakistan. He was great leader and he proved it by new technology the creation of portrait by edgar Pakistan and he is guiding star for the generation to come and he is role model for generation to come. Limitations First of all I am thankful to Allah Almighty who enabled me to make this assignment.

It is wisely said that one feels no pains after he has been successful in red bull for sale doing a work. But I would like to mention some as they are asked. I live in by edgar hired hostel where internet is not available. Therefore, I faced many difficulties in gathering data. Moreover, I do not have my own computer so I had to work on my roommate’s computer or on the lab computer. I had much burden of studies of diabetes other subjects. So, I could not give as much concentration to this assignment. I am very firstly living in hostel therefore I have time management problems. I also do not possess very vast general knowledge. Bibliography * Syed Shamsul Hassan ed. , Correspondence of Quaid-i-Azam M. A. Jinnahand other papers, Shamsul Hassan collection, Organizational Matters, Vol.

I (1936-1947) * Akbar S. Ahmed, Jinnah, Pakistan and Islamic Identity, (Karachi: Oxford University press, 1997) * Ahmad Khan Yusufi, Speeches, statements and messages of Quaid-e-Azam. * BBC’s Poll for South Asia’s greatest ever leader. * “1947 – August”. Chronicles Of Pakistan. * “I Remember Jinnah”. Daily Dawn (newspaper). “Jinnah’s speech to the oval portrait by edgar, the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan”. 11 August 1947. * “Jinnah’s Thought at a Glance”. Yes Pakistan. com. * “Jinnah: South Asia’s greatest ever leader”. * “Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876–1948)”. Story of Pakistan. * “Mohammed Ali Jinnah (1876–1948)”.

Harappa. com. * Prof. The Internet Of Everything Essay. Khurshid Ahmed, Islamic Ideology (Karachi: Karachi university,2002). * “Pictures of Quaid (Album)”. The Oval. Urdu Point. * Quaid’s speech at university stadium Lahore, 30 october 1947. * “Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah”. Government of scene Pakistan Website. * “Quaid-e-As is Mohammad Ali Jinnah”. The Jinnah Society. Rajmohan Gandhi, Eight Lives: A Study of the Hindu-Muslim Encounter (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1986). * Syed Hussain Imam “Sterling qualities of Quaid”. * “South Asia’s Clarence Darrow”. Chow. * “The Father of Pakistan”. The Oval By Edgar Allan Poe. The Most Influential Asians of the Century by TIME. Scene. * Wikipedia the free Encyclopedia. * www. national heritage . government. Portrait Allan Poe. pk ————————————————- ————————————————- THE END… ————————————————- ————————————————- ————————————————- Haven’t found what you want? 12-22 Newhall St, Birmingham B3 3AS, UK [emailprotected]

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wal-mart case study Porter (2002) states that root of the problem lies in the lack of distinguishing between operation effectiveness and strategy. The expedition for productivity, quality and speed has resulted in management tools and techniques, total quality management benchmarking, time based competition, outsourcing, partnering, reengineering, change management.[1] In any organization, strategy management is the key to its success. There are many theories based on this assumption that without a proper strategy and planning, it is difficult for any industry to survive irrespective of the oval poe, its size. It is necessary to diabetes, understand here that all the major corporate organizations have established themselves, thanks to allan, superior strategic planning and in wwii, implementation. The retail industry is allan poe making news everywhere with not only the traditional industries increasing their outlets but some major corporate industries also intruding into this industry like Fresh @ Reliance of Reliance Industries, More of Aditya Birla Group in India. Wal-Mart, a US based retail industry, which is known as the giant in friday novel, the retail industry has survived and portrait poe, is still the huge enterprise in new technology in wwii, the world which deals with almost all the FB products, apparels, etc.

It is not only the largest company in world but also the the oval portrait poe largest company in the history of world.(Fishman, 2006)[2] The present paper is divided into four sections to understand and answer as what makes Wal-Mart the best in in wwii, the industry, 1) retailing industry at the time of Wal-Mart’s innings, 2) Wal-Mart’s Competitive advantage and key components, 3) Wal-Mart’s Strategy and portrait allan, 4) Sustainable growth of Wal-Mart. I. Retail Industry – Wal-Mart says Hello! Strategic decisions are ones that are aimed at asda, differentiating an organization from its competitors in a way that is sustainable in the future. (Porter, 2002) Porter strongly advocates that decisions in the oval portrait allan poe, business can be classified as strategic if they involve some innovation and difference that results in sustainable advantage.[3] According to Patrick Hayden et al (2002) the retailing industry adopted the style of friday, discounting on its merchandise after the Second World War. Poe! [4]It is learnt that discount retailing was not the strategy at the time Kmart, Target and Wal-Mart first started operating their business.[5] Frank (2006) states that when Sam Walton was franchising for Ben Franklin’s variety store, invented an idea of passing on the savings to his customers and earning his profits through volume.[6] Prior to Wal-Mart’s entry into the market, Sidney and Hebert from asda, Harrison founded Two Guys discount store in the oval portrait poe, the year 1946 which dealt in hardware, automotive parts and later on groceries. Two Guys was the forerunner as compared to today’s retailers like Super Target, Wal-Mart which succumbed to conclusion, the economic recession. Another discount store set up by Eugene as E.J. Korvette, which is often cited as first discount store which did not raise from 5 10 cents roots and eventually declared bankruptcy due to inability to compete with the new entrants.[7] Porter (2002) states that combination of the oval portrait by edgar allan poe, operational effectiveness and strategy is essential for superior performance which is the primary goal of any organization. He also says that a company can perform its rivals only if it can operate in different ways which are not in practice. Much emphasis had been laid on strategic positioning like variety based positioning, needs – based positioning and access based positioning. Along with Wal-Mart, other stores that started operating were Target, Woolworth (Woolco) and new technology in wwii, K-Mart.

However, Target has been functioning successfully, courtesy Wal-Mart, but other two failed in their operations and filed bankruptcy.( Michael Bergdahl, 2004)[8] Porters five forces model explains what strategic decisions should be made and on what basis. The Oval Poe! The model explains the asda grocery shop basic strategies to be considered while starting a business like bargaining power of suppliers. While franchising of Franklin he always looked for cheaper deals and thought of passing his savings to the customers and earning through the margin on volume of bulk purchases. [9]Through the by edgar poe way of discount stores, shoppers were given the cheapest price as compared to any other store. In regard to threats of new entrants, Wal-Mart has been constantly in the news for acquisition of other small retail shops in view of its expansion. But nevertheless it has stiff competition from likes of Super Target, Tesco, etc. it is the world’s biggest retail industry. [10] II. Diabetes! Key Components of Wal-Mart Business Model. Wal-Mart is the leader in retailing industry with fiscal revenue of poe, $244.52 billion in 2003 making it the world’s largest corporation.[11] Mike reports that Wal-Mart as of 2002 had 1,283,000 employees growing at night novel, 11.2%. The above data explains that strategy of Wal-Mart is extraordinary which manages and the oval portrait by edgar allan poe, operates over new technology in wwii 4150 retail facilities globally.[12] The key components of Wal-Mart (The Value Chain), which offers cheap prices than its competitors includes firm infrastructure like frugal culture, no regional offices and the oval portrait allan, pleasant environment to conclusion diabetes, work.

Managements take lots of visits and it is learnt there are no rehearsals before any meeting which is usually scheduled on every Saturday. In any organization, human resource is the key to development and Wal-Mart efficiently manages its sources. Wal-Mart terms its employees as associates. The Oval! Manager compensation is asda grocery shop linked to the profit of store operated by him, within promotions, compensation offered to associates depending on company’s profits and also offered some incentives on their performances. The workforce at Wal-Mart is not unionized as the company takes all the measures of their benefits and provides them training on related issues. Technology plays a vital role in development of the the oval by edgar allan poe organization and Wal-Mart is well equipped with technological innovations like POS, store performance tracking, real time market research, satellite system and lights novel, UPC. The Oval By Edgar Allan Poe! Wal-Mart procurement measures like hard-nosed negotiations, partnerships with some vendors, centralized buying, planning packets, etc. helps at large the act 5 scene cause of providing the goods and services on cheap prices.

The other factors that increase the margin of the oval allan, profit for Wal-Mart are inbound logistics with frequent replenishment, automated DCs cross docking, pick to flight, EDI, hub and spoke system. Wal-Mart strategy of Essay, operation is innovative with big stores in small towns with monopoly in the market at low rental costs, local prices, concentric expansion, merchandising in brand name, private labels, little space for inventory, store within store, etc. In relation to marketing and sales, merchandising is tailored from locals, spent less on the oval portrait by edgar, advertising and the prices are fixed low and it depends on conclusion diabetes, the store manager to fix the the oval by edgar allan latitude of grocery shop, pricing. All the above factors combined together form the key components of Wal-Mart which not only increase the margin of profits through bulk sales but also boost the confidence of the customers with services like point of sale information system and everyday low prices. Wal-Mart dominates the American retailing industry due to number of factors like its business model which is still a mystery and its effectiveness in not letting the rivals let know about the weaknesses. Wal-Mart made strategic attempts in portrait by edgar poe, the its formulation to act 5 2 macbeth, dominate the by edgar poe retail market where it has its presence, growth by expansion in the US and act 5 2 macbeth, Internationally, create widespread name recognition and customer satisfaction in relation to brand name Wal-Mart and branching into new sectors of allan poe, retailing.[13]

It is learnt that Wal-Mart strives on three generic strategies consisting of Essay, Focus Strategy, the Differentiation Strategy and overall cost leadership.[14] Managers strive hard to make their organizations unique, distinctive and identify key success factors that will drive the customers to buy their products.[15] Thus, firm specific resources and capabilities are crucial in explaining the firm’s performance. The Resource Based View (RBV) explains competitive heterogeneity based on the premise that close competitors differ in their resources and portrait by edgar allan poe, capabilities in important and durable ways. The company’s capability can be found through its functionality, reliable performance, like Wal-Mart superior logistics. (Helfat, 2002)[16] Wal-Mart has firm infrastructure, well equipped in human resource with management professionals and technologically too. Any organizations thrive hard to be successful for which it needs to have better resources and superior capabilities. Wal-Mart has strong RBV with economically and financially very strong enough to stand still in the time of crisis. Pereira states that dominating the act 5 scene retail market is its key strategy. Wal-Mart operates on low price strategy which is operated as every day low prices (EDLP) which builds trust among the allan poe customers.(Brunn, 2006)[17] The strategy lies in purchasing the goods at mini, lower prices and selling the goods to customer at much lower prices, cutting the price as far as possible and increasing the profit by increasing the number of by edgar, sales. This ferociously increases the competition in the market and Wal-Mart competes with all its competitors till it is dominant it the market.

Wal-Mart is red bull cooper for sale expanding seriously and rapidly which is by edgar allan also its strategic goal. Wal-Mart employs over 1.3 associates, owns over 4000 stores out of friday night, which 3000 are in US and serves around 100 million customers weekly.[18] Wal-Mart has acquired many international stores and merged with some super stores like ASDA in UK. Wal-Mart far flung network of retail outlets has ensured that Wal-Mart interacts with and has impact on virtually every locality within US. (Helfat, 2002)[19] The expanded strategy has led the hunger of Wal-Mart to many European Countries. It is learnt that three countries with no Wal-Mart stores became part of the oval by edgar poe, corporation’s international presence wherein the diabetes domestic retail chains were taken over by the oval allan poe Wal-Mart including 122 Woolco stores in Canada, 21 Wertkauf stores in Germany and 229 ASDA units in United Kingdom. The takeover strategy by Wal-Mart keeps the company at forefront when entering into the new market and the number of competitors is also minimized. The strategies have helped the Wal-Mart to rein in number one position in international countries making it the largest retailer in conclusion, the world.

It is the oval allan poe seen that Wal-Mart has significantly the Porters five force model wherein through proper strategic planning and strategic implementation has led to removal of barrier entry, rivalry from Essay, competitors and pricing norms. In regard to the oval allan, substitutes, Wal-Mart in order to achieve its aim of customer satisfaction has selling goods under its own legal brand. Wal-Mart’s big box phenomenon has changed the retailing industry in the United States which is often considered as discount stores and makes profit through high volume of grocery, purchases and by edgar allan, low markup on profits.(Parnell, 2008)[20] Wal-Mart with its low cost and red bull cooper, ever expanding strategy has made a dramatic impact since 1962 when Sam Walton first started his business. With this strategy, Wal-Mart has now over 4000 stores and by edgar allan, outlets in diabetes, US and other countries through acquisition and mergers. IV. Sustainability in Discount Retailing – Wal-Mart. According to Porter, (2002) operational effectiveness and efficiency are the key elements of success in any organization. A company can outperform its rivals or competitors in the oval allan, the market only with superior management and efficient control creating a difference from the act 5 scene others which eventually attracts customers. Porter defines operational effectiveness as performance of similar activities as its rivals but better than them.[21] In a study, it is stated the Wal-Mart is expert in manipulating perceptions.

It is termed that low price is not the strategy of Wal-Mart but the advertisement manipulates the by edgar allan consumer perceptions by making them think that its prices are lower than its competitors’ price using ‘price spin’. Wal-Mart makes the consumer addicted coming to its stores by convincing them the prices are lower than in the other stores by selling itself cheaper by advertising that ‘we have lower prices than anyone else’ and diabetes, placing a ‘opening price point’. The ‘opening price point’ is the lowest price in the store which is kept at the oval portrait by edgar allan, high visibility which makes consumer believes that the products in this store are really cheaper. (Race Cowgill, 2005)[22] The SWOT analysis of Wal-Mart reveals that it is most powerful retail brand, reputation for money, value, commitment, and provides wide range of products. Conclusion! It is growing at the oval portrait allan, a brisk pace with expanding its horizon to other parts of world through acquisition and merger. Wal-Mart has good opportunities in markets of Europe and mini for sale, China and portrait poe, focuses on acquiring the market through acquisition of smaller stores and diabetes, merger with leaders in the specific markets. Wal-Mart is always under threat to sustain its top position in market nationally and by edgar, internationally. Global leader in diabetes, the industry leaves the organization vulnerable to many socioeconomic and political problems of the country.[23] Sustainability at the top place is the most important job that makes its managers strives hard to frame the policies and strategy to compete with its rivals in the market.

Slack, Imitation, Substitution and Hold-up are some of the threats to any organization in retail industry. However, Wal-Mart with its visionary goal of attaining zero waste status and reaching 100% renewable energy has planned to launch number of sustainability initiatives. (GreenBiz, 2008)[24] Imitation increase profits by increasing the allan supply. But imitation puts reputation, relationship at stake. James Hall reports that Wal-Mart is planning to open convenience stores as Tesco has started and operating in US called Fresh Easy Neighborhood Markets. (James, 2008)[25] Such tactics will create mixed response among the act 5 2 macbeth consumers while degrading the reputation of the allan leader in market. Substitution reduces the demand for what a firm uniquely provides by shifting the demand elsewhere due to changes in technology. The threats of substitution can be subtle and unexpected like minimizing expenses through videoconferencing instead of air flights to long distance meetings with its managers of other stores, etc.

Therefore, substation is an especially effective way of attacking dominant rivals in the market. Substitution offers mixed responses after identifying and understanding the threats. The organization should fight the threat and merging with them, switching to different options of substitution to be in the market. Hold-up diverts the value to conclusion diabetes, customers, suppliers or complementors who have some bargaining leverage which results in tough negotiations, contractual agreements and vertical integration. Wal-Mart is having great network with almost over 7800 stores and the oval by edgar, Sam’s Club locations in 16 markets worldwide. Conclusion! It employs more than 2 million associates and serves more than 100 million customers every year.[26] According to Fishman (2006) Americans spend $26 million every hour at Wal-Mart which makes it believable that Wal-Mart is financially very strong and is capable of allan, combating any threat from its rivals in the market.[27] Wal-Mart is ever expanding its boundaries by in wwii way of acquisition and mergers.

Thus Wal-Mart with such a vast network of stores and alliances in the forms of ASDA, Target and many other stores is well protected enough to sustain its top position in the retail industry. 10. Michael Bergdahl (2004) What I learned from portrait by edgar, Sam Walton: how to compete and thrive in a Wal-Mart world , John Wiley and Sons. 11. Conclusion Diabetes! Micheal E. Porter, What is Strategy?, Mariana Mazzucato, Open University (2002) Strategy for business: a reader, SAGE Publications. 12.

Parnell, John A.,Lester, Donald L, (2008) Competitive strategy and the Wal-Mart threat: positioning for survival and the oval allan, success, All Business, http://www.allbusiness.com/company-activities-management/company-strategy/11416513-1.html. 13. Patrick Hayden, Seung Lee, Kate McMahon and Mike Pereira, (2002) Wal-Mart Staying on top of the Fortune 500, A Case study on Wal-Mart Stores Inc , Washington DC. 14. Race Cowgill (2005) Case Study: How to Exploit Wal-Mart’s Weaknesses . In Wwii! White Paper, Zenith Management Consulting.

15. Stanley D. Brunn (2006) Wal-Mart world: the world's biggest corporation in the global economy , CRC Press. [1] Micheal E. Porter, What is Strategy?, Mariana Mazzucato, Open University (2002) Strategy for business: a reader, SAGE, p. 10. [2] Charles Fishman (2006) The Wal-Mart Effect: How the World's Most Powerful Company Really Works--And How It's Transforming the American Economy, Penguin Press. [3] Mariana Mazzucato, Open University (2002) Strategy for business: a reader, SAGE, p. 10. [4] Patrick Hayden, Seung Lee, Kate McMahon and Mike Pereira, (2002) Wal-Mart Staying on top of the the oval poe Fortune 500, A Case study on Wal-Mart Stores Inc, Washington DC.

[8] Michael Bergdahl (2004) What I learned from Sam Walton: how to compete and thrive in a Wal-Mart world, John Wiley and Sons. [12] Patrick Hayden, Seung Lee, Kate McMahon and Mike Pereira, (2002) Wal-Mart Staying on top of the Fortune 500, A Case study on Wal-Mart Stores Inc, Washington DC. [13] Patrick Hayden, Seung Lee, Kate McMahon and Mike Pereira, (2002) Wal-Mart Staying on top of the Fortune 500, A Case study on Wal-Mart Stores Inc, Washington DC. [16] Constance E. Helfat and Margaret A. Of Everything Essay! Peteraf (2002) The Dynamic Resource Based View: Capability Lifecycles, Tuck School of Business at portrait by edgar poe, Dartmouth. [17] Stanley D. Brunn (2006) Wal-Mart world: the world's biggest corporation in the global economy, CRC Press.

[18] Patrick Hayden, Seung Lee, Kate McMahon and Mike Pereira, (2002) Wal-Mart Staying on top of the Fortune 500, A Case study on new technology in wwii, Wal-Mart Stores Inc, Washington DC. [19] Constance E. Helfat and Margaret A. Peteraf (2002) The Dynamic Resource Based View: Capability Lifecycles, Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth. [20] Parnell, John A.,Lester, Donald L, (2008) Competitive strategy and the Wal-Mart threat: positioning for the oval allan, survival and red bull cooper for sale, success, All Business, http://www.allbusiness.com/company-activities-management/company-strategy/11416513-1.html. [21] Micheal E. Porter, What is the oval allan poe Strategy?, Mariana Mazzucato, Open University (2002) Strategy for business: a reader, SAGE Publications. [22] Race Cowgill (2005) Case Study: How to Exploit Wal-Mart’s Weaknesses. White Paper, Zenith Management Consulting.

[27] Charles Fishman (2006) The Wal-Mart Effect: How the World's Most Powerful Company Really Works--And How It's Transforming the American Economy, Penguin Press.

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Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) The GMAT Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) consists of two, 30 minute components. One asks you to analyze an argument, and the other asks you to analyze an issue. These 2 essays can appear in either order when you take the the oval by edgar allan poe GMAT. A Warning About Studying the Downloadable GMAT Essay Questions. The test writers at the GMAC have published two complete lists of current Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) questions. You can download the analysis of an argument questions here and new technology in wwii, the analysis of an portrait by edgar, issue questions here.

A note of warning: Please understand that you do not want to spend the new technology in wwii time it would take to the oval practice responding to every one of these questions. It is, however, a good and efficient preparation technique to review the list and to think about how you would respond to a few selected questions. Your essays will most likely be graded by a teaching assistant or graduate student from a university English department. In Wwii? This evaluator will assign your essay a grade from 0 to poe 6. A computer program, called the E-rater, will then 'read' your essays and new technology, assign a grade as well. If there is a difference of more than one point between the two grades, a second human reader will grade your essay and your score will be the average of the two humans' scores. The Oval By Edgar Poe? This average will be rounded up if it falls between the half point intervals. The graders (both human and computer) look for overall evidence of the following 4 qualities in your essays: Critique of the argument or analysis of the red bull mini cooper issue Ideas developed in a rational, persuasive manner, with relevant examples supporting them Organization Proper grammar and syntax. Due to the economics involved in grading this test, graders are not given much time to spend on each essay. In fact, it is estimated that they spend an average of only 2 minutes on by edgar allan poe each essay. As you will see below, this impacts the strategies that you should choose for taking the AWA.

The Overall Importance of the Writing Assessment. Friday Lights Novel? Admissions committees simply do not give AWA scores the allan poe same importance that they do to GMAT verbal and quantitative scores. This written assessment is just another way for the business school to assess your communication skills, in addition to your admissions essays and interview. We recommend that you spend more time preparing for the verbal and quantitative sections of the lights GMAT than you do for the AWA. You will have 30 minutes for each section. We suggest that, before you begin writing, you spend 3 to 5 minutes preparing a rough outline on your scrap paper of how you intend to attack your essay. Consider this your brainstorming time.

Just throw down as many ideas on portrait allan poe the paper as you can. At the end of this 3 to 5 minutes, look at what you have written. Scratch out anything you know you do not want to include. Cooper For Sale? Number the remaining thoughts in terms of their importance to the oval portrait poe your issue or argument. Congratulations you now have a logical outline around which to new technology in wwii structure your essay! You should spend the next 20 to 22 minutes actually writing the the oval portrait essay, leaving yourself 5 minutes for proof-reading. Red Bull Cooper? Try to portrait by edgar poe finish writing the essay when there are 5 minutes remaining on the GMAT CAT's clock. Take a second to close your eyes, stretch, and asda shop, then try to the oval portrait allan poe re-read your essays with fresh eyes. These last 5 minutes are best utilized to proof what you have just written. Here's what you should be looking for: Make sure the introductory paragraph is still relevant to the body of your essay.

Read the in wwii essay line by line, looking for and correcting omitted words, typographical errors, and grammar errors. Make sure your thoughts come across clearly. The Oval Portrait Allan Poe? Check for use of cooper appropriate transition words. Do not, however, attempt to begin a drastic overhaul of your essay. Giving Your Essays the the oval portrait by edgar allan Proper Structure. Friday Night Lights Novel? You will only use approximately 20 of the allotted 30 minutes to actually write each essay. The Oval Allan? You will probably only be able to write about 350 words, which translates into 5 or 6 paragraphs. Since this must include an introduction and conclusion, you will have only 2 macbeth 3 or 4 paragraphs in which to the oval by edgar allan poe express 3 or 4 ideas.

This is the formula for a winning essay: express a few ideas (the top ones you identified during your initial brainstorming session) in a few interesting sentences. Keep the essay structure simple. Red Bull Mini Cooper For Sale? Remember, you only have a short amount of time to write the essay, and the graders have an the oval by edgar poe, even shorter amount of time to act 5 2 macbeth evaluate it. You certainly don't want to confuse the graders by using unduly complex structures or language. You are best served by using an introductory paragraph that clearly explains what you are going to say in the essay. You then want to develop your 3 or 4 ideas, each in its own separate paragraph. Make sure your opinions are clearly stated. The Oval Portrait? (Leaving out opinion or reasoning is probably the most common mistake people make on the writing portion of the GMAT exam.

Do not worry about offending a grader with your opinions or analysis. AWA topics are not that controversial.) Finally, in your conclusion, you want to summarize your main points, and tie the conclusion back to the introduction. Diabetes? This is the oval, not a good structure to follow in all writing particularly your admissions essays but it works extremely well for the AWA. Other General Tips for the GMAT's AWA. Your grader will spend an average of 2 minutes reading and grading your essay.

Clever metaphors and the like will be neither noticed nor appreciated. However, you do need to come across as smart in order to make the critical first impression needed to achieve a high score on diabetes this writing assessment. The following tips were conceived with just this objective in mind: Use transition words generously. Phrases like for example, consequently, or first, second, . lastly will help the reader follow your essay's structure more easily. Words such as because, consequently, and portrait, however can also be used to highlight your analytical abilities. In addition, these words are so succinct that it is difficult even for a time-pressed grader to miss them. Be specific. Friday Night Lights? One of the key criteria graders look for is your ability to the oval portrait poe present ideas and arguments clearly and persuasively.

Many writers grow vague when pressed for time. Do not let this happen to you. However, do not let yourself slip into dogmatism, either. It is appropriate, even helpful, to acknowledge the limitations of your arguments and to concede the of Everything validity of opposing points of view. Our society in allan poe general, and the graders in particular, look highly upon the judicious individual. New Technology In Wwii? Because AWA essays are so short, however, such acknowledgements should be given only once or twice, and the oval by edgar allan, only in the body of the essay. Do not use big words just for the sake of using them.

Despite a popular myth to the contrary, the diabetes AWA is the oval portrait allan, not designed to judge your vocabulary. Your grader will get a first impression which is the only impression he or she will be able to form in 2 minutes that you used big words to grocery shop mask weaknesses in your analysis. Grammar is important. The grammar you use to by edgar allan express your ideas influences the way that people receive them. If your essay is grammatically incorrect, most people graders included will conclude that the essay's logic, structure, etc., are also incorrect. Do not allow this natural bias to harm your essay grade.

Vary the length of your sentences. This will make your essay easier for the grader to read. It also signals that you are a smart and effective writer. The Analysis of an Argument Essay. You will be given a one-paragraph argument to critique. You are not asked to present or discuss your own opinion on the subject. Instead, you are supposed to find fault with the argument's reasoning. Use your 5 minute brainstorming session to think of some thoughtful and perceptive analyses of The Internet Essay what you just read. The Oval By Edgar? These analyses should be geared towards providing a better remedy towards the conclusion diabetes stated problem. A specific and by edgar allan poe, sufficiently-detailed example should be used with each argument you develop. As stated above, you should have 3 to 4 paragraphs in the body of the essay.

Each of these paragraphs should contain one point that you wish to make about the argument. New Technology? Graders like to see you use specifics in your essay. For example, find the generalizations included in the oval portrait by edgar poe the one-paragraph argument. (We guarantee this will not be difficult to do.) You will be given a one-paragraph text discussing the pros and cons of some issue. You will be asked to select the position with which you agree. The graders will have no preference towards which position you decide to support. During your initial 5 minutes of brainstorming, try to come up with points that support each side of the argument. That way, you are more likely to select the position that you can defend well in your essay (even if it's not the position you would take if you had more time or space to explain yourself). As you do in scene 2 macbeth your analysis of an argument, be sure to include a specific example supporting or illustrating each point you make in the body of portrait poe this essay. It's a good idea to acknowledge the complexity of the issue in your introduction. The Internet Of Everything Essay? It is also a good practice to concede 1 or 2 points supporting the other position in portrait by edgar the body of the essay. Do not worry that this might make you appear indecisive to the graders.

Recall what we stated above, about graders looking fondly on evidence of a judicious individual. Be careful with your choice of conclusion language and tone on this essay. You are being asked to write an issues analysis, not a campaign ad. Many test takers make the mistake of adopting language that calls on the reader to take action. The test grader will react far more favorably to portrait by edgar allan a persuasive argument that lays out the The Internet of Everything Essay reasons to support a position but does not call on him or her to take any immediate action.

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essay structure ks3 How to write your best essay ever! English biz has separate guides for each of the the oval by edgar allan poe, types of writing you'll meet on your course but this particular guide is conclusion diabetes, probably the most important of them all. It will show you how to portrait poe, construct an effective, well-structured argument-based essay. How do you feel when you're given an essay to write? Do you fill with f-f-fear? W-w-wobble with worry?

P-p-pour with perspiration? Well, here's a way that make the whole process more satisfying and enjoyable! Okay, he's off his rocker (but we won't worry as he's not real!). He's yet to discover that writing an essay is never going to be an 2 macbeth easy task, even for the best writers. But you're about to find out how it can be made much more straightforward , interesting and effective . Oh, and likely to gain you a significantly higher grade, too! So that's something to feel, well. just a little bit excited about! It's important to understand one thing before we start: unlike a maths or science question, an English essay question has no single 'correct' answer. You can breathe easy on that one. It's just not like that. In an English essay there is no one 'answer' and portrait allan nothing to 'prove'.

That isn't to say there aren't wrong answers - there are. These are those based on 'mis-readings' of your texts. But what your teacher or examiner wants is asda, a reasonable, informed, explained and well-supported view . In a nutshell, that's it. An essay requires this from you: a succinct opening in which you give an overview of your response to the oval by edgar allan poe, the essay question. This is red bull, a kind of 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in a line or two. you can add to the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of wh at aspects of the text brought you to this view . If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the coming structure of your essay . There is no better way to the oval portrait, begin an conclusion diabetes essay than like this. From this point on you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to write next. the remainder of the essay is merely a series of allan PEE paragraphs that, point by point, argue the case for friday lights what you have just stated.

Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to have support (E) from the the oval portrait by edgar allan, text (either a quotation, or an explanation of some aspect of form or structure ) along with with an red bull for sale explanation (E) of how the text brought you to such a view, the effects it created, the methods the author used to create the effects and, finally, its relevance to the text, that is, the author's purposes . That's it. The Oval By Edgar Allan? Done and dusted! More detail below if needed. The secret of a good essay? Make it an argument ! An effective essay is a piece of writing that makes a strong and well-supported case for a stated viewpoint . The view it makes the case for is your response to act 5 2 macbeth, the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at after a couple of readings of the text, more if a poem, and one of which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the text carefully in line with whatever the essay question asks, seeking out support as quotations or explanations of useful effects created by the oval portrait poe form and structure . So your essay starts with a clear statement of your opinion . It could be something like, as an example: 'Shakespeare's theme of violence in Romeo and Juliet is shown especially effectively through the opening scene, as well as through the diabetes, characters of Mercutio and Tybalt and an analysis of these three dramatic aspects will form the basis of this essay.' The opening overview is sometimes called a thesis statement . The 'thesis' is your response, i.e. the heart of your 'argument'. It's what the essay goes on to explain and support to show that it is a view that is well - considered, based on the text and reasonable to hold . Essays are about opinions, not facts.

This point is crucial to take on board. There is the oval, never a straightforward right answer to an essay q uestion or title. Grocery? There are wrong answers, of course - caused through, for example, misinterpreting the the oval portrait by edgar allan poe, text; but the 'answer' to an essay question will always be a point of view . Cooper For Sale? Essays deal in opinions, not facts . This is why your teacher is looking to read your views and why you have come to think in this particular way. How do you arrive at the oval allan, a 'thesis' or overview? This is the tough part - there's no getting away from lights that.

Not least, this is portrait by edgar allan, because it puts to the test your knowledge of the diabetes, text and the oval portrait your understanding of the conclusion, essay title or question . The good news is by edgar allan, that when it's done and done well, the conclusion diabetes, remainder of the by edgar allan poe, essay becomes much more straightforward and far more interesting to write, perhaps even a little exciting! The Outline Structure for an Effective Essay. As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to open with a clearly stated summary of your whole 'answer' along with an equally brief summary of the aspects of the text you'll be analysing to show your stated view is sound . It is these early sentences that provide the of Everything Essay, major 'signposts' that give your essay and its general direction. Importantly, you need to set a confident tone early on in the essay. This can be done by adding in a very few details to show you've grasped the text's big picture . This should be a brief comment (brevity is everything in the opening paragraph) on the major details of the story (poem or whatever) along with an equally brief statement of portrait by edgar poe any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the writer to want to write their text, including key aspects of their social , cultural and literary contexts ). This will, though, always need to be focused on the needs of the essay question . Notice how you are constantly seeking to avoid waffle and generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to keep all you write tightly focused on the needs of the essay title or question. This is the bulk of the essay.

It is a series of paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and wholly relevant point . Sadly, it's all too easy to open a in a way that inspires little confidence and asda shop which drifts from the essay question or argument. Avoid this by opening each and every paragraph in portrait allan poe, a way that is clearly and directly developing the essay's 'answer' or argument . Asda Grocery? If you started by stating the four-six aspects you'll be covering in your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to write in these body paragraphs. This is where you restate, in a different form, your opening argument and give a brief list of the major points you have made along with a comment about the wider implications and allan poe relevance of what you have found. It will help to think back to the imaginary classroom situation. What would follow on from the highly condensed 'answer' you gave to your teacher?

Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to hold - but why do you think that? Show me from the text itself what made you think that way.' In the written essay, you'll need to be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in the form of quotations each one itself supported by conclusion diabetes a commentary derived from an analysis of the quotation's literary and linguistic content . However, with a central and guiding argument starting off and flowing through the entire essay, it now becomes much easier to the oval portrait by edgar allan poe, search the text for aspects and quotations that will provide good quality evidence to support the essay's points. Each point and supporting quotation needs to be followed by an analysis and act 5 scene comment . Some teachers call this the P.E.E. The Oval Poe? ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. ( point quotation comment ) system. Grocery Shop? This is needed to explain how and why the portrait by edgar poe, aspect of the text or the friday night lights, quotation 'works' within the context of the the oval portrait allan poe, essay question and the originally stated argument. Certain key questions need to be answered concerning each quotation used: What techniques have been used to make the language of the quotation effective? This means discussing the shop, writer's methods , e.g. through the creation of realistic dialogue; the use of an effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc.

How does the method used affect the reader's understanding of the text and its themes (e.g. 'the effect of this passage is to create a sense of really being there for the reader. ')? Why was this method used (i.e. By Edgar Poe? what was the writer's purpose )? E.g. 'At this point on the story the act 5 scene, author wants to gain the reader's attention in order to begin exploring the overall theme of injustice. ' MARK GRABBING TIP No. Portrait By Edgar? 1! Begin all of your paragraphs in such a way that it is absolutely clear you are focused on the essay question and its requirements, thus building up your overall argument. This will keep the The Internet of Everything Essay, essay on portrait poe track and avoid the plague of poor essays: wandering, digression and of Everything Essay waffle! What if your essay title isn't in the form of a question? When considered as a question, you will often find it is easier to generate that all-important single main point of view to it - the main idea upon allan, which you will then base the remainder of lights novel your essay . Here is an example of a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. thesis statement ) that could be used to create an argument essay from the above question:

The remainder of this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of points with each point explained , developed and supported in a paragraph of its own . These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in the opening paragraph, which itself is your response to the essay title or question. Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to explain , develop and support some aspect of your over-riding main idea and nothing more . In this example, the paragraph that follows the opening paragraph - the first of what is the oval portrait allan, called the body paragraphs of conclusion diabetes your essay - could be based on the point that the theme of the oval by edgar ambition is shown through what Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are given by Shakespeare to friday lights, say and do in Act One of the the oval portrait allan poe, play. The third paragraph of new technology your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and the oval portrait poe support how the theme of ambition is shown through these two characters in some part of Act 2, and so on. Below you'll find lots more detail and ideas for writing an effective essay but with luck, the above will have given you the Essay, basic idea. Aim to 'integrate' words or phrases from the text you are studying directly into your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of course). The Oval By Edgar Allan? Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of red bull 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the text and the essay question. Here are some examples of how to by edgar poe, use embedded quotations. The first is from the new technology in wwii, opening of John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and allan poe Men': 'Small and quick' George is presented by Steinbeck as a character in new technology in wwii, complete contrast to his friend, the lumbering and 'shapeless' Lennie. Here is a similarly embedded quotation from J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls':

As the Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and this is an the oval portrait by edgar allan poe important message Priestley gives his audience. Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste': Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in any way different from themselves. MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL! Essays take a great deal of effort and time and new technology so deserve careful preparation. T he most common failing examiners find is a lack of understanding of the text on which the essay is based. This is to take the road signpos ted 'Failure'. Portrait By Edgar Allan? But you're heading elsewhere. So. get to know your text well.

You won't succeed if you don't! I f you struggle with the asda shop, text, read it through again with a study guide to hand. Also, talk the text over with friends or your teacher. Portrait By Edgar Poe? There is more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to asda grocery, create an initial main viewpoint or drift from this single focus. This loses marks as it leads to waffle , vagueness and generalisation . As you've read above, another common pitfall is to focus too much on the surface features of the the oval portrait by edgar allan, text you are writing about. This happens when you write at new technology in wwii, length about the meaning of the text, i.e. by by edgar poe telling what happens in grocery shop, it. In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to retell the story of the text. You need to be discussing how and the oval why the author has created an effective text through careful, interesting and effective choices of style and language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the need to support the points you make in each paragraph. A good idea is to try to use at least one quotation - or reference to red bull cooper, the text - per paragraph.

Remember, too, that this is an English essay and this means you need to the oval portrait allan poe, reflect how authors use language and literary techniques in effective ways in their writing . Aim only to for sale, choose quotations that contain important elements in them that will allow you to discuss in depth aspects of, for example, their literary style , language or structure. Consider discussing, for example, how the quotation acts to build tension , mood , character , a sense of portrait place or how it helps explore one of the grocery shop, text's themes . Discuss, too, how the quotation works both at the point it occurs and as a contribution to the whole , i.e. the way it helps the writer achieve his or her purpose . This means you need to discuss aspects of the quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of language , structure and style . 1. DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY. The word 'essay' comes from a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is by edgar allan poe, your attempt to argue for your point of view , a view that when succinctly expressed is called a thesis statement . This 'thesis statement' needs to be an idea you developed based on an interpretation of cooper whatever aspect of the the oval by edgar allan, text is Essay, asked in the essay question. Interpretation means considering how a text operates at the oval portrait by edgar allan, different levels ; it is your interpretation of the text that will be at the heart of the essay: an interpretation that must supports the scene, overall thesis statement. 2. FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT. You will need to search through the text and note down a series of aspects and quotations that can be used to by edgar, support the friday night, overall view you have developed.

Use 'post-it notes' to help with this or write the aspects/quotations down separately. Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for the methods used , effects created and purpose intended . 3. WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH. Use your introductory paragraph to state your point of view , i.e. your thesis statement. The purpose of your opening paragraph is to make clear your thesis statement - response to the essay question: that is, to explain the focus of your argument - your main idea or point of view. Stated clearly at the opening to the oval by edgar allan poe, your essay, this shows how you intend to answer the essay question and what general direction your essay will take. Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to conclusion, add a little more detail that acts to poe, 'preview' each of the major points that you will cover in the body of the essay. This opening paragraph will then act to show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the act 5, questions and how you intend to answer it. Importantly, in the oval portrait by edgar allan poe, the opening paragraph of your essay you will also need to write an The Internet of Everything overview of the the oval by edgar, text, one that gives a succinct summary of the ' big picture ' of the text; importantly, too, of course, this must be focused on Essay the requirements of the essay question. Giving a succinct account of the the oval allan, big picture of the text in the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and digested the detail of three key aspects of the essay: the red bull for sale, essay question, the text and its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the author's context . Giving an overview suggests a confident approach and is a hallmark of the best essays. TIP: It is always impressive to incorporate into your own sentences, using quotation marks of course, a short suitable quotation taken from the text.

Some teachers call this using embedded quotations. Keep all references to the biographical background of the author and any aspects of his or her context entirely relevant to the essay question and - brief! Remember that this is not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for portrait by edgar allan this kind of background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful). The majority of marks in an English essay are awarded for the quality of analysis and conclusion interpretation you show - that is, an awareness of the author's uses of the English language and the oval by edgar poe literary uses of this. If your essay title does concern aspects of context try hard to discuss context by deriving your comments from quotations rather than by merely discussing aspects of context; in other words allow the text to introduce the context.

TIP: avoid making simplistic and irrelevant value judgments of the text or its author. Saying that Shakespeare is 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and Men' is 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is no more than a kind of waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to your essay. 4. USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY. Follow the opening paragraph with a number of paragraphs that form the friday night, 'body' of the essay. By Edgar Allan? Each of these paragraphs are there purely to expand on and support your originally stated overall viewpoint. Having stated your main idea in your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and provide support from the text for this.

In the asda grocery shop, essay's body paragraphs your aim is to: follow the analysis system called P.E.E. or P.Q.C. For more on this see here ; work through the text's structure logically and, highlighting via the use of quotations, explain how these led you to develop your point of the oval by edgar poe view; comment on how the language of red bull mini cooper each of these parts led you to form your interpretation: why did the author choose this particular type of language to make this point in this way? How does it help a) the audience and the oval portrait by edgar b) the writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the grocery shop, text forms a useful structural part of the portrait by edgar poe, text by leading the reader towards an overall understanding of the themes, messages or purposes of the text; CRUCIALLY. each paragraph needs to develop a separate and individual point - one that will help to show how different parts and aspects of the text helped you develop your interpretation and viewpoint (this is the POINT part of P.E.E.); A useful tip is to open each paragraph with a topic sentence . This is a sentence that clearly makes a point that is developing your argument - your answer to the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on Essay the essay question, it will keep your writing on track;

Always aim to provide support for each of the points you make by referring directly to the text (this is the EXAMPLE part of P.E.E.). You normally do this by quoting briefly from a relevant part of the text but you might choose to describe an event. It's very important NOT to the oval by edgar allan poe, write a long description of WHAT happens. If you do you are merely 'retelling the new technology in wwii, story' - this loses many marks. In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the staging and stage action. You will need to follow each quotation with an explanation of and the oval by edgar poe a discussion on aspects of the language the author used in the quotation; this means discussing, for asda shop example, how aspects of the quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the method the writer used, the allan poe, effect the language creates and the reasons this might have been done (this is the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E).

You should also aim to mini, show how the quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the text (this is portrait by edgar poe, also the EXPLAIN part of act 5 scene 2 macbeth P.E.E). 5. CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE. Always work in a clear way through the text, from beginning to end. Avoid starting your essay by discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at the beginning! Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the end then go back to an earlier point.

This ignores the work the writer puts in to the oval allan, develop an effective structure to their text - and loses marks! 6. Asda? CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY. The conclusion to an essay is the oval portrait poe, important but causes problems for many students. It should leave your reader with a pleasant and logical sense of 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the main ideas behind the essay . 1. Re-state in a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument. 2. Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the same words): list or summarise the main points from the preceding paragraphs (use the topic sentences from each paragraph to give you an idea). 3. Scene 2 Macbeth? End by identifying some of the wider implications and relevance that arise from what you have found and explored. The conclusion should consist of just a few sentences but these will need to be made to sound convincing and the oval allan authoritative . It's crucial to keep the conclusion brief and to the point and, above all else, to introduce no new material at all. ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY. Here is an example of how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is a very common mistake:

In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and diabetes Juliet', these are the first two lines of the 'Prologue' as spoken by 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in the oval by edgar poe, dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. ' What follows is a typical 'retelling': an friday night lights 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is saying that the play is the oval by edgar poe, set in Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the red bull for sale, above 'description' with this analytical and insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the Prologue are important because they paint a picture for the audience of what could and should be - fairness and dignity. These words set up a powerful contrast to what is: the portrait allan, violence, hatred and bloodshed shown in Essay, the coming scene. Poe? It will be against this violent backdrop that the pure love of conclusion Romeo and Juliet will have to the oval, struggle.' Which approach and style would gain the friday lights, higher mark? STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT? THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY.

FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE. This is so very often ignored despite the fact that it provides the the oval portrait by edgar allan, basis for the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about a text at the level of diabetes its form , you analyse how aspects of the oval portrait allan it other than the meaning of its language have been used by the writer in important and effective ways. To give you an mini cooper idea of the importance of form to a text, you yourself make use of the form of by edgar poe language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and scene 2 macbeth use CAPS LOCK. Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the look - the form - of your writing. This, albeit subtly, affects the way the writing is received and interpreted.

A novelist makes use of form by writing in sentences and paragraphs of the oval by edgar allan poe varying lengths (you can imagine the effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for friday lights novel example). The use of dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is also an effective use of form, as is the portrait by edgar allan, use of underlining , bold or italics - or, in in wwii, non-fiction texts, the by edgar, inclusion of bullet points or sections. Poets are acutely aware of and very creative with the use of red bull cooper for sale form. A poet makes use of form, for example, by consciously splitting up sentences into the lines of poetry . This allows the poet to exaggerate a particular word by placing it at the end of a line, or by rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of form by using layout and appearance and by adding illustrations and photographs , and so on. All writers use form by using patterns of sound , such as by using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and so on. A playwright, of course, uses form very differently.

When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of form. In a play, much of the 'meaning' is created not from language but from what you see happening on the stage - the staging and stage action. This includes not just what the actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on - all potentially important formal aspects of the poe, play that should find their way onto mini for sale your essay. Form is always worthy of portrait by edgar allan poe comment when (but only when ) if it adds usefully to the meaning, i.e. the content of a text. Every word and The Internet of Everything Essay phrase has a literal meaning . Portrait? This is of Everything Essay, its basic dictionary meaning. The Oval Portrait Allan? It's sometimes called a word's denotation . E.g. Scene? 'In this story, the author's detailed description of darkness denotes the coming on of a storm'. This is a way of 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and interesting . Words and phrases can be used differently from their literal context and given what is called a connotation . Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and the oval portrait poe feeling ). The most common way this is done is to use a word not for its literal meaning but for its metaphorical or figurative meaning. Friday Night Lights Novel? Another way is to use a word that acts as symbolically and represents something very different from the oval portrait allan poe its literal meaning.

E.g. 'As well as suggesting the coming of a storm, the darkness also acts to suggest a metaphorical darkness is taking over the character's mind. In this way the darkness seems to be symbolising a kind of novel evil'. Using a pun - a witty play on words - is another way that meaning can be played with in an interesting way. By Edgar Allan? Punning works because some words, in a certain context, can have an grocery shop ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of which might be humorous. Irony is a key way that writers use to create layers of meaning. Sarcasm is irony, but this is a spoken form of irony that is intended to hurt someone's feelings by ridiculing some aspect of them. It's a crude, easy kind of irony not really subtle enough for writing. The Oval? Irony is usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and witty ; an altogether more intelligent use of language.

But irony can also be difficult to recognise - yet it is probably true to say that irony is one of the most common means by which a sophisticated writer creates layers of meaning in a text . Irony works because when it is recognised, it engages the reader very much more closely with the text. This is because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is a real enjoyment and satisfaction in unpicking the The Internet Essay, various levels of meaning created by the irony. Creating an 'ironic tone of allan voice' in writing is much harder than in speech because the original sound of voice and facial expression or body language of the novel, speaker are absent. To create an ironic tone (or any tone, for portrait allan poe that matter), words have to The Internet, be chosen with great care. It is a key reading skill to be able to detect this as it tells you what attitude the writer is taking towards their subject matter. An example of irony occurs in an old story by O. Henry called 'The Gift of the Magi'. This story of poor young lovers ends with the boyfriend selling the the oval portrait allan poe, one thing he owns of value, his pocket watch, in order to buy his girlfriend an scene expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of her long hair cut off to sell to a wig maker so she can afford to buy him. a chain for his watch. Structure is the allan, way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of writing in an attempt to make it as effective as possible for night their audience and their purpose. It is important to comment on the structure of the oval portrait by edgar a text, e.g. 'The way the author slowly builds up the tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of real excitement and mystery'. Style is the way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and language features to suit a particular audience to achieve a specific purpose . When you aim to convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to one that is more emotional and asda persuasive! Some famous writers have a particular style of their own that is quickly recognisable.

John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is sometimes referred to as the writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and discussing a text is to comment on its style - on what are called the the oval by edgar allan poe, stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to you to have been chosen to create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. So. if you are commenting on the form and content of a writer's language, you are commenting on the writer's style . COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS. Even though it's a central part of the mark scheme, and always made clear in of Everything, the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and forget to compare and the oval portrait poe contrast the friday night, texts . Aside from portrait poe not knowing the texts sufficiently well, failing to compare and act 5 scene 2 macbeth contrast is the number one reason marks are lost in this kind of essay. When writing about more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to give the briefest details of each text (i.e. your writing needs to be succinct !). The Oval? This will mean being even more careful and sparing when you write an overview of night each text, in which you give the portrait, big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts: 1) Write about the first text fully before moving on to the second - still using the techniques outlined above; but when you go on to write about the second text, you must compare and contrast it with the asda grocery, first. 2) Alternatively, and this makes the most sense when thinking about the argument essay, you write about both texts as you proceed . This allows you still, as shown above, to create a central argument , one in which examples to support the the oval by edgar allan poe, points are taken from new technology one or both texts as relevant to the point.

This second method is the more complex and sophisticated of the two.