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Budget Management Analysis Essay Sample. Budget management analysis is used by Chief Executive Officers, (CEO’s), and managers to assist them in determining whether or not the united fruit company resources at hand are being used efficiently. An organizations budget is most generally yearly or quarterly and may be based on movie analysis a financial committee’s decision. Some budgets, such as healthcare budgets, are planned around the previous year’s budget, variances, and economical factors. No matter how sound a budget is, there will be variances due to situations such as lack of nursing staff and use of nursing agency staff can create huge variances in a budget. This paper will inform the reader of some strategies used to manage budgets within forecast. It will inform the reader of five comparisons of expense results with budget expectations.
The paper will inform the reader of some reasons for variances, strategies to united, use that may enable results to equal expectations, and lastly, three benchmark techniques. Australia Movie. A budget is important to any organization because it, for lack of a better term, is the financial blueprint of the organization. Every organization must have a budget to help guide cost and improve on financial areas that are weaker than others. Fruit Company. Financial planning takes form as a budget. Most budgets are yearly based and definition, necessary to meet a company’s goals. One strategy to manage budgets within forecast is strategic planning.
Several techniques can be used in the attempt to united fruit, maintain accurate budget adherence. The first strategy is to ensure that the budget is aligned with the strategy of the organization, (Nayeb, 2011). This allows management to identify the priorities of the organization and identify if the goals of the organization are being supported. The second strategy is to boost the correctness of forecasting and planning. Strategic planning can be helpful in managing budgets because it helps get everyone on the same page. A mission statement that explains why the company exists and what plans need to be carried out in order to achieve these financial goals involves everyone in the organization and you don jack, is beneficial to large companies. Plans and goals are analyzed and thought up based on a thorough assessment of the organization and the external environment, (Evans, 2000). Another strategy is to enhance the organizations agility in budgeting and fruit, review. It is important to review a budget so that mistakes can be found and corrected. Of The. A budget with errors is a disaster waiting to happen and allows for unplanned emergencies.
Finally, it is important that the financial team brainstorm and come up with the company best solutions for the organization to bring the company to its full potential earning level. Importance Of The. With proper planning, organizations often expand at a fast pace and turn a lucrative profit. A budgets forecast is based on sales, this meaning how well the company did the year before by comparing profit to loss. In order for a budget to stay within forecast, sales, production, material expense, and the previous year’s financials must all be taken into account. Labor is united company also plays a big factor in of the word, staying within forecast. United Company. One example where the budget may show variances is when the shock example use of agency nursing is used as opposed to united fruit, regular nursing staff. Agency nursing is very expensive and can bust a budget wide open. A second example is the necessity to stay within a budgets forecast. Production and you don t know jack, labor go hand-in-hand; this means if productivity is down then labor costs should also be down.
If productivity is down and labor cost remains the same or increases, the company will suffer by not staying within said budget parameters. A manager must keep a close eye on these things and staff according to patient census. If hospital patient census is down then nursing labor expense should also be decreased. This is where a good manager will keep their eyes open for the number of patients being discharged as opposed to the number of staff on the clock. The third budget variation can occur with supply expenses. United. This can go either way. Supply expense can go up if there is a patient on the floor that requires extensive wound care supplies and maybe they do not have health care insurance to word, reimburse the hospital. Another factor can be if nurses are not properly billing patients for inventory used.
Many times the billing process is broken on united fruit company hospital floors and the unit ends up covering the majority of these expenses out of of the their budget. The money spent on fruit covering unbilled supplies could be used in a more beneficial way, such as to definition word, buy new equipment or raise nursing staff salaries or even give bonuses to increase staff retention. United Company. The fourth budget variance is due to a more common problem and is errors. Errors in the budget can be because it was not examined closely enough and reviewed by each member in the financial organization. Mathematical errors can be detrimental to importance first amendment, a budget if overlooked. For this reason, it is imperative that the budget be reviewed and reviewed again. A simple mathematic error can become very problematic and is harder to correct than it was to make. The fifth budget variance is simply not taking into united fruit company account for unexpected events. There should always be a reserve available for disasters that occur.
This can be compared to a person’s own finances and that they should have a savings account on hand to use for unplanned expenses. If there is not a reserve, an organization will more than likely have to apply for a bank loan and high interest rates can be hard on a company’s budget when it comes time to begin repaying the example loan. Occurrences that impact a company’s budget should not have a negative outcome on the day to day operations of the company (Nayeb, 2011). Again, this is why having a reserve is crucial. Fruit. Internal benchmarking can be used and shared among the you don jack financial team to discuss ways in the past that have proven successful for the company (Stroud, 2011).
Internal benchmarking can be used for small companies when comparison data is not readily available (Stroud, 2011). Fruit. Competitive benchmarking can be used to cultural shock example, see how well a company stacks up against its competitor. Strategic benchmarking is used when a company wants to compare itself to other companies nationwide. This type of benchmarking is most useful to hospitals because of such competiveness and company, the desire to cultural example, obtain magnet status. Hospitals often use this type of benchmarking to continue their road to excellence. A well thought out and planned out budget can make or break a company. When dealing with healthcare, anything can happen; this is why it is crucial that budgets be error free and followed down to the last cent. Deviating from a company budget can result in bankruptcy or high interest loans to repay. By looking at the previous year’s budget, it can help determine what changes can be put in place to avoid financial outcomes and united company, ways to increase productivity.
A well planned budget always allows for financial reserve to cover events that are not controllable. A reserve in capital helps a company to not deviate in the day to day operations because of unexpected financial obligations. You Don T Know Jack. A good budget allows for budget variances and united, has enough reserve to cover these variances so the company does not face financial ruin or financial distress. Evans, Matt. #8220;Excellence in australia movie, Finance Managment.#8221; . N.p., n.d. Web. United Fruit. 26 Nov 2012. . Nayeb, N.. #8220;Forecasting vs. Budgeting: What#8217;s the Difference.#8221; Bright Hub. You Don T Know Movie. N.p., 08 2011. Web. 26 Nov 2012.
Is this the united fruit perfect essay for you? Save time and order Budget Management Analysis. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and first, quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Budget Management Analysis. Organizations in today’s ever-changing global market make use of budgeting to help measure performance, plan, and control its business operations. Organizational leaders make use of flexible budgets to help take#8230; Analyzing the Master Budget. A master budget is a summary of a company#8217;s plans in which specific targets are set for sales, production, distribution, and financing activities and united fruit company, that generally culminates in a cash#8230; Manage Budget and australia movie, Financial Plans. Planning a Budget Davis Service Group is a large public limited company employing around 17,000 people. United. Its shares are quoted on the London Stock Exchange.The business is based on service#8230; Cash budget is a inputs and outputs of definition of the bigot a business or a individual over a long period of fruit company time (e-conomic, 2013).
A cash budgeting is which one of words best describes goodman brown at the end of hawthorne's story relate to a organisation’s plan#8230; Budget is an estimate of costs, revenues, and resources over a specified period, reflecting a reading of future financial conditions and goals. One of the united fruit most important administrative tools, a#8230; Within the Budget Schedule and Proforma the factory Total Overhead for FY 9 is $481,798 with the Depreciation value listed as $150,000. Total depreciation for FY 6, 7 and 9#8230;
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Simple Software for Better Interview Skills. Learn how to united land the job with Big Interview’s powerful video tutorials and virtual interview practice software. The Art of Writing a Great Resume Summary Statement. Guest contributor and professional resume writer Kimberly Sarmiento will help you make your resume stand out with a summary statement. In resume writing, you know you need more than just a list of jobs and education, but how to begin? Or rather, how should your resume begin? First, nix the objective statement. It is almost impossible to write an objective statement without either telling the hiring manager something they already know or focusing on what you want to one of words best goodman story get from fruit company a job. Both are things you should absolutely avoid in definition, a resume.
Instead, use a summary statement or what I like to call your “written elevator speech.” Why You Should Use a Resume Summary Statement. Professionals who work with career coaches and those who have done some solid web research have come to understand that they need to master their “Elevator Speech”. This speech is a short summary of an employee’s value proposition and fruit, should be thought of as a “sales pitch” that is ready to shock go anytime you run into a potential hiring manager or networking contact. A carefully prepared “Elevator Speech” is united company customized to the person giving the of the first, speech and contains information that makes the professional stand out united company while still focusing on things the which describes brown at the end of, employer wants to fruit know (excels in importance of the first amendment, cutting costs, not excellent deep sea diver). The same holds true for fruit company your “Written Elevator Speech” or resume summary statement. This “speech” is given at the top of your resume — in the prime resume real estate where a recruiter or hiring manager always looks first.
The summary statement serves as an introduction to Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee Essay the reader that seeks to answer the question “Tell me about yourself” in just a few lines of text. The resume summary statement will help your resume stand out united fruit by: a. Catching the reader’s attention immediately. b. Ensuring a clear understanding of your top selling points at a glance (important when hiring managers are skimming through dozens of resumes at a time and attention spans are short) c. Shock. Putting emphasis on your career highlights and key strengths in an easy-to-scan format. d. Briefly communicating your professional objective if relevant (if the objective is not obvious) Every resume can benefit from a summary statement. For some candidates, it can be critical. 1. Career Changers — A summary statement can help a hiring manager quickly see your transferable skills. Without a summary statement, a recruiter might look at united company, your most recent experience, assume you’re not a fit because your experience isn’t traditional, and toss your resume. 2. Recent College Grads — A summary statement can help you customize your resume for different opportunities. This is especially helpful if your background is somewhat general.
You can use the summary to highlight skills and experience most relevant for each position. 3. Experienced Professionals with Diverse Backgrounds — For experienced professionals, a summary statement can become the “executive summary” of Kill a Mockingbird Lee Essay, your resume, tailored for each position. This allows you to pull the most relevant and impressive skills and career accomplishments and feature them at the top of your resume. Elements of united, a Strong Resume Summary Statement. The Basics — Your summary statement should consist of a title and a few lines of text. The text can be in paragraph form and/or use bullets. The summary statement should appear directly below your contact information at the top of the in To a Mockingbird Lee Essay, resume. and company, should reflect a general (or specific) idea of your career goals.
Your Title — When working with my clients on their resumes, I typically recommend starting with a title that communicates their professional identity. Think of words best describes brown at the hawthorne's, it as a headline that will catch the company, reader’s eye and help them see your fit for the position at hand. Examples include Social Media Brand Strategist, Senior Marketing Executive, Multifaceted Art Director, and Global Operations Professional. The Following Words Describes Goodman Brown End Of Hawthorne's Story. See Resume Summary Statement examples below for additional titles that may spark ideas for you. The Format — The main body of your summary statement should be approximately 3-4 lines of text and should NOT be written with first-person pronouns.
If you are tempted to united make your summary statement longer to squeeze in more details, resist the temptation. Words Best At The End Of Hawthorne's. Industry research tells us that most hiring managers spend only united fruit, seconds reviewing a resume before they make up their minds to call a candidate or not. We also know that when they see large chunks of text, their eyes will skip over it. Therefore, it is vital to limit the length of australia movie analysis, a summary statement to ensure it gets read. Resume Summary Statement Examples. Below are several examples of “written elevator speeches” or summary/branding statements with titles.
A versatile and creative writer fuses a background in united fruit, journalism and academics with expertise in business writing to deliver quality, customized material spanning news, marketing, web content, curriculum, and career development. Provides sales support and highly-rated client service and excels in meeting deadlines in Hope in To Kill a Mockingbird Lee Essay, quick-turnaround settings. FINANCIAL OPERATIONS SUPPORT PROFESSIONAL. Blends academic training in economics and business administration with hands-on experience in united, sales and operations support to offer employers a track record of delivering on tasks accurately, efficiently, and quickly. Known for providing best-in-class customer service and communications in a variety of business settings. A proven leader of t know jack movie, US and international sales organizations offers expertise in developing successful growth strategies and training both individual representative and team leaders in product benefits and fruit, customer service techniques.
Also known for creating dynamic marketing/brand strategies that engage consumers and which the following describes at the end of, take away business from the competition. United. Effectively manages PL on multimillion-dollar, multi-product lines of definition word, business. How to Write Your Resume Summary Statement. Since you have limited space, it’s important to carefully plan what goes into your summary statement. Your statement must be concise AND represent the united company, strongest elements of you as a professional. Here are three steps to jack writing a strong summary statement for your resume: Step 1: First, think of three or four things that define you as a professional. This can be a strong sales record, excellent customer service, expertise in drawing engineering plans, or an ability to manage large-scale technical projects. These professional traits will vary according to profession and skill level. Managers and executives should focus on business skills as well as technical expertise — even if they fall into united company, a technical industry. Entry-level and recent graduates can include academic training and experience to support professional abilities.
Step 2: Next, think of the things you enjoy the most in your work. When you write your summary statement, you aren’t just telling the employer what you are good at, you are also telling them what you want to importance first amendment do day in and day out. Ergo, no matter how well you do something – don’t talk about it if you don’t want to do it. My wisest clients have pointed it out to me when I have focused too much on something they don’t particularly enjoy and we rework their summaries accordingly. Step 3: Align your summary statement with the company’s job requirements. Once you identify the skills you want to focus on, do a little research and see if they line up with job requirements listed for the positions you are seeking. If you are a project manager, you probably want to establish early that you are skilled at managing resources and ensuring assignments get completed on-time/on-budget.
This might not be the thing you want to focus on the most, but it is essential to work in. More Tips on Resume Summary Statements. 1. Customize for Your Experience Level. Each of the above example statements effectively sets up the skill sets, achievements, and fruit company, even certifications/degrees that the importance of the first, applicants highlight throughout their resumes. Fruit Company. When writing your statement, it is cultural important to consider where you are in your professional progression. While a job description might want an MBA, PMP, or other certifications, whether or not you mention such things in your opening statement will depend greatly on how much experience you have to united fruit back your application. When the job seeker is definition of the word young and needs to rely on fruit company, academic experience to strengthen their qualifications, it is best to call that out from the start. Consider the example below: Blends lab management experience with academic training at the University of you don t know, Florida to offer solid skills in clinical experiments and research activities.
Incorporates a background in office administration to provide employers with proven organization, communications, and scheduling expertise. In this instance, the united fruit company, job seeker focused on things learned through education and transferable skills that could be applicable from part-time work experience. On the other hand, when the of the word, job applicant has strong experience, there is no need to rely on the academic training any longer and fruit company, it doesn’t need to be mentioned. 2. Focus on your most important selling points. Some requirements can be covered in the body of the resume and t know jack movie, just aren’t important enough to place in united company, that opening paragraph. One example I see a lot is proficiency in MS Office. Even if you are a technical professional, software and hardware skills need their own section on the resume and don’t belong in the opening statement. The summary statement is for the strengths and accomplishments that truly make you stand out as a candidate.
Consider the following examples of one of best at the end of story, resume summaries for technology professionals: A proven leader of IT startups and established operations offers expertise in united fruit company, defining technical strategies that support overall business objectives. Supports efforts to jack movie develop and market technical solutions to both internal and external clients. Oversees team development and vendor selection/maintenance for multimillion-dollar operations. COMPUTER/HARDWARE SPECIALIST /TEAM SUPERVISOR.
Leverages technical expertise on hardware setup/configuration to fruit company provide exceptional user support and of the, resolve critical operational issues. Experience includes managing security and after-hour support for classified materials and communications. Known for creating and implementing training that expands team member capabilities and instructs users on system utilization/improvement. Works with government, civilian, and fruit company, corporate stakeholders. Of course there are other things you might want to call to the reader’s attention early, including language proficiencies, award-winning performance, or being named on one or more US patents. While these qualifications can be contained in movie, the body of a resume (and should still be placed there) , it could be relevant to fruit highlight them early to establish your unique value as an which one of words brown story employee. Please note again that none of these opening paragraphs are written with first person pronouns.
While you do write the paragraph in present tense, you write it as if you are the understood subject of the resume. This allows the focus to fruit company remain on the employer. Use of “I, me, my” places the focus on the applicant and the goal of the resume is to Hope Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee Essay sell the employer on united, what you can do for THEM. By telling the reader what you “do” and cultural example, what you are “known for,” you get the united fruit company, reader thinking about how you can do those things for them. This message should be reinforced throughout the resume as you use achievements and certifications to reinforce your opening paragraph and highlight examples of when you have done the things that summary statement promotes. Remember, aside from a cover letter, the summary statement is the very first thing the hiring manager reads about you. In To Kill A Mockingbird By Harper. It is your handshake long before you meet the fruit company, interviewer. It is movie analysis your first impression long before you get a chance to pick out your best outfit. United. It requires more than “I am seeking a job as….” It is your first chance to answer the question “Tell me about importance of the first amendment, Yourself” and you want to united company make the most of it. HUMOR: Also, if you’re struggling for ideas, why not let Barney Stinson inspire you with some “creative” ways to highlight your awesomeness. Pamela Skillings is co-founder of Big Interview.
As an interview coach, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at in To a Mockingbird Lee Essay, companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and united company, JP Morgan Chase. Movie Analysis. She also has more than 15 years of united fruit, experience training and t know jack movie, advising managers at organizations from American Express to the City of New York. She is an adjunct professor at New York University and an instructor at the American Management Association. 20 Comment to The Art of Writing a Great Resume Summary Statement. Nice one Pamela. United Fruit Company. One more thing I would like to movie analysis add here is one should never try to add any fake information in their resume which can put them in trouble. @terrylewis – thats great. Maybe you can share it here once you’re done. @Arman – that’s correct. Faking info will very likely come back to bite you.
So resist the temptation to fruit company be too “creative”. What an Hope Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee Essay exceptional post Pamela. I have seen many articles on resume tips but nothing like this one. Just want to add more tip here that job seekers should never try to add any fake information in their resumes just to impress the united, recruiter. This is the part that is very difficult for me, i work in the service area, i work for a very prestigious hotel brand and i don’t know how to convert what i do into a summary. Importance Amendment. I want to united fruit company advance in my career, i want to move in one of the following best describes goodman at the, int administrative part of the hotel, not front office. No I’m not a front desk agent nor a concierge. I am having so much trouble coming with the perfect resume so i can apply to better jobs.! Here’s a way to possibly get unstuck and draft your summary statement:
1) Brainstorm a bit about the most important qualities required for the job(s) that you want. If there’s a job description, scan it for keywords. 2) Think about your 3 most valuable transferable skills/strengths/areas of expertise and united fruit company, how they relate. 3) Draft a sentence about each of those three selling points. 4) Combine/arrange/edit them into a summary statement using the examples in the post for inspiration.
Depending on your level of experience, your statement may be a few simple sentences or a brief bulleted list. Please feel free to cultural shock example post a draft of your summary statement here and I would be happy to give some feedback. Keep track of the interviews. Maintain a record of the .information about the interview so that you can refer to it in future. Fruit. Many times you would have more than one interview with an organisation and it would help if you have jotted down somewhere what happened in the previous interviews. As the Hope a Mockingbird Lee Essay, human memory fades with time it is company preferable that you record the information within 24 hours of the interview. While maintaining the summary of interviews include the of the word, following information:• Name and position of united fruit company, interviewer(s) After the Interview. It is not over until you finally get the job. So don’t just sit back and relax. Now is the time to australia do the fruit company, follow up procedures to finally get selected and in To, gain the job of your dreams.
Get Selected at Job Interviews. • Job profile/description: duties, responsibilities, powers, salary, other benefits etc. • Category: positive, negative, average. • Date of contact with the company, organisation. • Specific points discussed: stressed on which goodman at the, some qualifications, achievements more than others. Pamela you are genius…Just read your blog….It is simply amazing. Already started working on creating my own personal branding statement. It would be great if you can suggest what should be the caption or heading for company personal branding statement. For instance, the categories/headings which appear in a Resume/CV are Core Competencies, Professional Experience, Academics, Personal Information etc. Is it a good idea to write heading ” Senior Banking Professional ” followed by branding statement under this heading.
Since, I am a banker with 8 years of experience in executing cross- functional assignments in Hope in To by Harper, Retail ( Marketing Campaigns for Retail banking ), Corporate Banking (Commercial Credit to SMEs ) and Strategy (Launch of Wealth Management Business) with MBA as background. Keeping my fingers crossed …to discover a nice branding statement for me… THANKS A LOT…. Outstanding post Pamela! I am a young creative professional and find it very difficult to put my skills and experience into a summary when its such a broad field. After reading your article I now have a better understanding of what companies look for in a resume. Thank you! Outstanding post Pamela and very helpful but I am some time confused that – What type of CV format should I opt for united fruit HR post please help as I am working as an HR?
What type of frequent question can be asked during an interview? How can we describe a healthy interview? How can I create my own profession brand as an of the HR? It seems like the united, examples used are trying to show some corporate bean counter that you know a lot of big words. Is this really what sells? I don’t want to jump through a bunch of Hope by Harper, hoops to dazzle some corporate sell out. What ever happend to united fruit keeping it simple? Great article.
I’m running into which one of words at the, trouble highlighting my transferable skills that I got from being a corporate lawyer because I now want to work on research teams for united company news shows, or in production. In To Kill A Mockingbird Lee Essay. Its difficult trying to fruit company connect the two. Can you write an shock example here. Good article, exposed some weaknesses in united company, my resume, I’m make the changes today! Thanks. Helpful article, though I find myself wondering at the images you chose for the sections. They are all part of a larger work by Pablo Picasso, titled “Guernica,” which was his attempt at a propaganda piece criticizing war.
The painting depicts innocent people being firebombed by German and Italian warplanes. Clearly shown are tormented soldiers, a dead child in the arms of a ravaged woman, and citizens and livestock burning alive. The Following Best Story. Perhaps this is a strange choice of artwork to use for this article. Awesome. Fruit Company. shares some other resume design skill in AmoLink resume. Hope it’s useful to all of us. I found it odd also. This is why doing arts papers while studying for your business degree is so important. Something incredibly ironic about someone who is an expert in selling yourself plastering her blog post with images from a painting as brutally about suffering as this. I guess whoever pieced this page together thought “oh, it’s art, so it must be sophisticated.”
And they say I’m irrational for australia movie analysis thinking business people aren’t necessarily very bright. Thank you for the inspiring article! I have been struggling to find a job that fits my professional profile and when I finally find it, I get no attention… at all! Now, I migh have identified some of my common mistakes. Anyhow, I have a big problem.
I am a BA in International Relations and I have no idea how to name my professional title…. Any ideas? I rarely get sidetracked by advertisements or odd artwork in blog posts, mainly because I’m inundated with it. But my concentration was quickly. diverted to the slightly barbaric images as soon as I could make out an. Pamela Skillings is united company co-founder of first amendment, Big Interview.
As one of the country's top interview coaches, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at united fruit, companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and JP Morgan Chase. She also has more than 15 years of experience training and advising managers at organizations from one of describes goodman at the hawthorne's story American Express to company the City of australia movie analysis, New York. She is an adjunct professor at New York University and an instructor at the American Management Association. Continue reading. Copyright © 2017 Big Interview – Job Interview Training - All Rights Reserved.
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The Disturbing Photography of Sally Mann. By RICHARD B. WOODWARD APRIL 16, 2015. At the opening last spring of “Immediate Family,” Sally Mann’s show at the Houk Friedman Gallery in New York, the winsome young subjects of the photographs aroused as much curiosity as the artist herself. Motoring among the spectators like honorees at a testimonial dinner, Mann’s three children — Emmett, 12, Jessie, 10, and united company, Virginia, 7 — looked completely at ease with the crowd’s prying adoration. Definition Of The Word! While her mother and father conversed with friends and company, admirers, Jessie orbited the four rooms in one of the following best hawthorne's her red dress, fielding questions from strangers eager to know more about her parents. Fruit Company! Beneath a portrait of himself in the water, Emmett shrugged off the first amendment stares and expressed a typical teen-age frame of fruit, mind. Importance Amendment! “These shoes cost $70,” he boasted about his opening night footwear. All three seemed unconcerned by the fact that on the surrounding white walls they could be examined, up close, totally nude. The Mann children have endured scrutiny for some time now. Fruit Company! Eight years ago, their mother began to chronicle their growing up — the wet beds, insect bites, nap times, their aspirations toward adulthood and their innocent savagery.
And the work that resulted has changed the lives of all involved. Sally Mann was an accomplished photographer before the series, but in these intimate black-and-white portraits, exhibited piecemeal over the last several years, she struck a vein. The fears and sheltering tenderness that any parent has felt for his or her child were realized with an eidetic clarity. A half-naked androgyne, smeared with dirt and grass stains, looks up from a leaf-strewn yard. Lithe, pale shapes move with prideful ease among thick-torsoed elders. The images seemed to cultural speak of united fruit, a familiar past that was now distant and irretrievable. The vein has bled silver. Since the beginning of the year, Houk Friedman has taken orders for more than 300 prints, well over importance of the a half-million dollars worth of photographs, and united company, the waiting period for delivery of Hope in To a Mockingbird by Harper Lee Essay, new prints is at least a year. Probably no photographer in history has enjoyed such a burst of success in the art world. And it will likely continue now that Aperture has published a monograph of “Immediate Family” in conjunction with a traveling museum show, opening on united company, Oct. 29 at of the the Institute of Contemporary Art in Philadelphia.
Not all the scrutiny has been welcome or favorable. The nudity of the children has caused problems for many publications, including this one. When The Wall Street Journal ran a photograph of then-4-year-old Virginia, it censored her eyes, breasts and genitals with black bars. United Company! Artforum, traditionally the most radical magazine in the New York art world, refused to publish a picture of a nude Jessie swinging on a hay hook. And Mann’s images of childhood injuries — Emmett with a nosebleed, Jessie with a swollen eye — have led some critics to Kill by Harper challenge her right to record such scenes of distress. “It May Be Art, but What About the Kids?” said the headline in an angry review in The San Diego Tribune.
Mann has so far been spared the litigation that surrounded the Robert Mapplethorpe shows. And unlike Jock Sturges, whose equipment and united fruit, photographs of nude prepubescent girls were confiscated by the F.B.I., she has not been pursued by the Government on in To Kill, child pornography charges. United Fruit Company! But a Federal prosecutor in example Roanoke, Va., from whom she sought advice, warned Mann that no fewer than eight pictures she had chosen for the traveling exhibition could subject her to arrest. Beyond issues of fruit, artistic license, Mann’s work has raised worrying personal concerns. The shield of motherhood can quickly become a sword when turned against her.
If it is her solemn responsibility, as she says, “to protect my children from which one of words best end of hawthorne's story, all harm,” has she knowingly put them at risk by releasing these pictures into a world where pedophilia exists? Can young children freely give their consent for controversial portraits, even if — especially if — the artist is their parent? And apart from legal and epistomologic matters, is the work any good? Do these sensual images emerge from the behavior of her subjects or are they shaped by the taste and fantasies of the photographer for an affluent audience? Is it pandering or bravery, her willingness to photograph what other adults have seen but turned away from? Walking through the united company rooms of the gallery, you could not help but wonder what Emmett, Jessie and Hope in To Kill a Mockingbird, Virginia will think about united fruit company these photographs and about their mother, if not this fall, then in 5, 10 or 15 years. You can be sure that Sally Mann wonders, too. The doorbell at the Mann home in Lexington, Va., is a small, black, wrought-iron breast. Visitors announce themselves by t know movie pressing a red nipple within the raised areola. Like the red-metal dragons that line the fruit company driveway or the 20-by-24-inch blowups of the children in the foyer or the photograph on the living room wall of word bigot, Sally Mann’s father, dead in his bathrobe, the doorbell seems designed to united company give a start to the uninitiated and to put some comic distance between the occupants and their neighbors. The same attitude of defiance is there in the cover portrait of “Immediate Family.” Bare-chested with arms crossed or akimbo, the three little Manns level their gaze at the world.
Children and house both project the sensibilities of Sally Mann herself. A 41-year-old dark-haired beauty whose turned-up nose accentuates a natural hauteur, she is a cool mom. With her brood safely strapped in, she drives a black BMW 735i, very fast, and favors a subdued, asexual preppy look — turtle-necks and definition of the word, T-shirts, cut-off shorts, dirty Reeboks. Lexington is a genteel town, site of Stonewall Jackson’s house, Washington and Lee University and the Virginia Military Institute. Born and raised here, married to the same man for 22 years, Mann is secure enough in her surroundings to take liberties with the mores of a place only 50 miles from the headquarters of the united fruit company Rev. Jerry Falwell and definition word, his Moral Majority. “I think the fruit company South depends on its eccentrics,” she says one summer afternoon on the back porch as Jessie and Virginia weave in and out australia, of the house. (Emmett is away at united camp.) “It loves them, and it rewards them in lots of ways. Movie! This community allows itself to be scandalized by me and by company my work, but they love it. What else would they do if it wasn’t for me?
I take being iconoclastic sort of seriously. It’s my role here.” Ex-”dirt hippies” who still grow much of t know jack, their own food and until a decade and a half ago barely made enough money to fruit company pay taxes, Sally and Larry Mann are a tight couple. The Following Best Brown At The Hawthorne's Story! Both “Immediate Family” and “At Twelve,” her portraits of local girls on the cusp of puberty, are dedicated to him. United! While she has pursued her photography career with singleminded purpose, he has been a blacksmith and a two-term City Councilman; recently, he got a law degree. His office in amendment town is 10 minutes away, and united fruit company, he walks home nearly every day for one of describes brown at the end of lunch. Their house has an airy mood of understated comfort, its three levels overlooking a wisteria arbor and a well-tended vegetable garden in a yard that slopes down to united a creek. Rope swings and hammocks hang from ash-leaved maples. Of The Word Bigot! The decor includes photographs by Diane Arbus and Emmet Gowin, both important figures for Mann; walls of books; marble torsos of nude women; finches in fruit company cages and flying free; the skeletons of lizards and cats. An expansion completed this year provides each child his or her own room; Sally and Larry reside in a connecting wing, which also houses her new darkroom and offices. To meet the demand for you don t know movie her work, she can now afford to hire an assistant.
The slow, wet air of southern Virginia in July and August, when even the trees perspire, serves as a backdrop for Mann’s idylls of leisure. United! “Even though I take pictures of my children, they’re still about here,” she says. “It exerts a hold on me that I can’t define.” Mann photographs only in the summer; the rest of the year is devoted to marathon sessions of printing. “Nothing happens during the other seasons,” she says with a shrug. “I suppose I could do a normal domestic picture of the kids doing their homework. But that’s not what I do.” The collaboration of the children in their mother’s work is apparent to anyone who spends time in their company. They are impish, argumentative participants, not robots. (When a photographer asked them what kind of portrait of their mother should accompany this article, they shouted, “Shoot her naked, shoot her naked.” She did.) “I have no objections, none,” says Jessie, questioned in her mother’s absence about her feelings toward the photographs. “The few times I don’t like it is when I have a friend over and I’m just in my room and Mom says, ‘Picture time,’ and australia movie analysis, I don’t really want to do it.” But Jessie, whose heroes include Helen Keller, Martin Luther King Jr. and Madonna, has the united body of a little girl and the mind of an art director. Like all the you don t know movie children, she will note places where her mother might photograph her. United Fruit Company! “I know what my mom likes sometimes, so I point it out to movie her.” Letters to united company the Editor in Response to This Article.
Last spring, Mann decided not to by Harper publish “Immediate Family”: “I thought the united fruit book could wait 10 years, when the one of words best describes brown hawthorne's story kids won’t be living in the same bodies. They’ll have matured and united fruit, they’ll understand the implications of the in To Kill a Mockingbird Lee Essay pictures. I unilaterally decided.” Her fait accompli provoked an uproar from the children. Fruit! “They were angry I hadn’t asked them.” Family meetings were held. Emmett and Jessie were sent to a psychologist to importance amendment make certain they understood the issues. (Virginia was thought to be too young for such an encounter.) “Sally and Larry asked me to get ‘beyond the patter,’ to find out how the kids really felt about the pictures,” says the psychologist, Daniel Shybunko, who found both children to be “well adjusted and united fruit, self-assured. Cultural Shock! They identify with their parents, which they’re supposed to do as pre-adolescents.
In the course of the interview, we probed beyond that. Fruit Company! There was some ambivalence. They certainly recognized the consequences that were negative as well as positive. It’s a family that really seems to work. There’s a consistency of values and life style and, as a couple, Sally and Larry are really accessible to their kids.” All three children exercised veto power over certain images: Virginia didn’t want people to see her urinating; Emmett objected to a pose in which he had socks on his hands. “You know what they’re really worried about?” asks Mann incredulously. “They don’t want to look like dorks. They don’t want to be geeks or dweebs. Nudity doesn’t bother them.” Her husband, who sits down briefly during his lunch break, seconds her amazement.
Emmett, teased by cultural shock his peers when his topless picture ran in The Washington Post, defused their jibes by united company telling them that his mother pays him huge sums of Hope a Mockingbird by Harper Lee Essay, money to company model for Hope in To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper her. (In fact, she pays them 25 cents a negative.) “I was horrified, but the counselor thought that was great,” says Mann with some indignation. “He should say I’m making great art.” “Kids don’t care about that,” interjects Jessie reasonably, her arms wrapped around her mother. “Well, kids today are weird,” insists Mann. “Art ranks way below plucking their eyebrows.” As though reminded of her mission, she begins to united company play with Jessie’s hair in preparation for an afternoon picture session. “What are we going to first amendment do about your hair? How about some braids? You look gorgeous in braids.” Jessie submits her head to fruit the fussing hands with the dreamy air of indifference seen only in cultural example born actresses and fashion models. As she writes in the introduction to “Immediate Family,” Sally Mann inherited the role of united company, provocateur from her father, Robert Munger, a doctor who made house calls in an Aston Martin and delivered hundreds of definition word bigot, babies in Lexington. A renowned gardener, with shrubs and trees from around the world, he was also an atheist and united fruit, an amateur artist whose keen sense of the perverse delighted his two sons and importance, daughter. For a long time he kept a white, snakelike figure on the dining-room table; only slowly did anyone realize it was petrified dog excrement. It was he who instilled a shameless attitude toward the flesh in united his daughter, photographing her nude as a girl — “terrible art pictures,” says Mann with a groan — and posing himself unclothed for a recumbent sculpture that now occupies a shelf in his wife’s den. Importance Of The Amendment! Mann’s introduction expresses stronger memories for the black woman, Virginia Carter, who oversaw her upbringing than for her own mother.
Elizabeth Munger, a dead ringer for her daughter, says, “Sally may look like me, but inside she’s her father’s child.” This isn’t quite true. “Dad was aloof, a self-contained person,” says Mann’s brother Christopher. “Mom was the flesh-and-blood parent.” In his sister’s aggrandizement of the united role of Virginia Carter, he finds a tendency to “mythologize,” to shock seek “dramatic” connections over more prosaic interpretations. “It doesn’t have much to united do with the way the past really was,” he says. Like her mother, whose ancestors came over on the Mayflower, Mann has an ingrained sense of propriety. In To Kill A Mockingbird! The dining-room table is set with cloth napkins inside sterling-silver rings. The children have grown up with high expectations from their parents, who strictly control their television intake. During an argument one afternoon brought on by Jessie’s wish to put ketchup on her fresh trout, Mann forbids the act because “it’s common and I will not have common children.” In her self-mocking voice are overtones of sincerity.
Mann took up photography at the Putney School in Vermont; her motive, she has said in many interviews, was to be alone in fruit company the darkroom with her then-boyfriend. She next spent two years at Bennington, where she met Larry, to whom she proposed. After a year in Europe, she finished up her degree in 1974 at Hollins College, summa cum laude, and which one of the following words describes goodman brown at the end of hawthorne's story, a year later took a master’s degree there — in writing, not photography. Through her mid-20’s she pursued both paths. The photographs have kept up a continuing dialogue between Mann’s literary and visual selves.
Before the birth of united fruit, her children, she trained her large-format view camera to bring out the mythic resonances in landscapes. Cultural Example! Her prints, which often contrast the paleness of flesh or stone with darker surroundings, hint at shadowy forces that can be sensed but not always seen. United Company! She wants to push this quality of ambiguity in first her pictures to locate something “richer, softer, lusher” in the woods and united fruit company, fields around her. Like an importance amendment essayist collecting quotations, Mann ransacks the history of photography for her imagery. “I’m a shameless borrower,” she says. The influence of united fruit, Norman Sieff, her photography teacher at Bennington and best known for his sepia-tinted album cover for the Band, can still be felt. At Hollins, she reprinted the glass plates of Michael Miley, Robert E. Lee’s main portrait photographer, and further immersed herself in the technology of the 19th century. Words Best Goodman Brown Story! A feeling of united company, nostalgia as well as hidden danger has marked Mann’s work for years. In 1977, she published a book of photographs on the historic architecture of Lexington, but the first images she will call “good” were taken of the new law school at Washington and Lee. Dating from 1975-77 and included in her book “Second Sight,” published in 1982, they reduce the substance of brick and iron to a blur of spooky dimnesses. Beginning in 1979, she had three children in five years, and time for setting up a camera in the wilderness or on analysis, construction sites grew scarce. Her solution to the demands of motherhood, which have eaten away at the schedules of artistic women throughout the ages, was ingenious: with her children as subjects, making art became a kind of child care.
The family portraits began in 1984, when Jessie came home from a neighbor’s, her face swollen with gnat bites. Fruit! Mann put her against a wall, took a dead-on picture and called it “Damaged Child.” “That picture made me aware of the potential right under my nose,” she says. The next day, with Jessie’s face still lumpy, she arranged props around her and took more pictures. From its inception, the family series has played around with these two antagonistic elements: factual documentary and contrived fiction. For some time, Mann had been photographing young girls in of the and around Lexington, several of whose parents had been delivered into fruit the world by australia her father, for company the book published in 1988 as “At Twelve.” She wanted to catch the tension in their bodies, eyes and gestures as they passed into the confused state when girls become women. The pictures dramatize burgeoning sexuality, while implying the more forbidden topics of incest and child abuse.
Mann’s laconic captions lend a parental concern, honed with a feminist edge. Movie Analysis! Some of the poses seem casual; others, carefully directed. In her pictures of her own family — like “Damaged Child,” with its implication of battering, and “Flour Paste,” in which Jessie’s legs resemble a burn victim’s — Mann punches the united buttons of her viewers. Upon discovering that she has stage-managed a scene, some people feel cheated, as if their emotions have been trifled with. Of The Bigot! “I hope you can get past that,” she argues. “You learn something about yourself and your own fears. Everyone surely has all those fears that I have for my children.” An error has occurred. Please try again later. You are already subscribed to fruit this email. Mann has been criticized for treating violence with an esthete’s dispassion, for bringing out the subtle texture of blood and of the amendment, bruises without offering a clear political statement along the way. The imagery of death fascinates her.
A picture of Virginia with a black eye moved her for a long time because “you couldn’t tell if she was living or dead. It looked like one of those Victorian post-mortem photographs.” In 1987, Emmett was struck by a car and thrown 50 feet. Fruit Company! Though he escaped critical injury, Mann saw the real thing as a warning not to pretend again. Cultural Shock! Still, “Immediate Family” includes a picture from 1989 that may be the most gruesome so far: a nude Virginia seeming to have hanged herself by a rope from a tree. The class status of her children, who are not poor but appear to be in fruit company the photographs, can also seem problematic. Suicide, child abuse and poverty are not fictions. What may be cowboy playtime for her children — pretending to be garroted — is analysis, taken away from them when transported to the realm of adult melodrama. Fruit Company! By posing Jessie with a candy cigarette and Virginia in Lolita glasses for the picture entitled “The New Mothers,” Mann gives them props whose dark associations they can’t begin to understand. Rather than preserving their innocence, the photographs seem to accelerate their maturity by relying on the knowingness of the viewer. In the minds of some, her eagerness to handle contaminated material has altered the importance of the first quality of the work. “As her photographs have become more controversial, I think they’ve become more self-conscious,” says the photography critic Ingrid Sischy, who remains an admirer of Mann’s work. “When she was starting out, it was as though she were seeing her children out fruit, of the corner of her eye.
As the issue has shifted to her ‘right’ to take these pictures, the material has seemed less authentic.” Mann plays with threatening fantasies in her tableaux, at the same time that she shows parental realism in her precautious feelings for her children’s well-being. To protect them from teasing, she hopes to of the word bigot keep copies of “Immediate Family” out of united company, Lexington. She has asked bookstores in the area not to sell it and libraries to analysis confine it to fruit rare-book rooms. Both Manns claim to find no threat to the children from the book. “I don’t see any strong adverse effect from the which one of words best goodman brown at the hawthorne's story pictures,” says Larry Mann. “Really just the opposite. United! The kids are aware how the pictures are received in the art world and definition of the, they’re proud of them.” Sally Mann swears that if she thought for united fruit a moment that the photographs would harm the children, the series would end: “I’m responding with the only vocabulary I have to ordinary and extraordinary situations that I see around me. I have to slap my hands sometimes not to take certain pictures. Bigot! But the more I look at the life of the children, the more enigmatic and fraught with danger and loss their lives become. That’s what taking any picture is united fruit, about.
At some point, you just weigh the risks.” At her best, Mann releases long-repressed feelings on the part of the viewer. It doesn’t matter that Virginia is not actually asleep in “The Wet Bed”; the the following words describes goodman brown hawthorne's story circles of urine that stain the sheet with the permanence of tree rings might have been created by any child. The sets of tooth marks on the arm of the adult in “Jessie Bites” were made by fruit Mann herself, a long time after her daughter’s had faded, but the look of unrepentant anger on Jessie’s war-painted face expresses a very real frustration at an adult arm that both supports and holds her down. “I don’t remember the things that other people remember from amendment, their childhood,” Mann says one day as she drives the children home from company, a photo session. “Sometimes I think the only memories I have are those that I’ve created around photographs of me as a child. Maybe I’m creating my own life. I distrust any memories I do have. They may be fictions, too.” Mann photographs almost every day.
These sessions often take over importance of the amendment an hour as she coaxes her subjects to remain still and united, change poses on command. Frequently she works from a sketch and tries many variations, in the style of a portrait painter. Her work embodies several antithetical trends in of the word bigot contemporary photography. By locating her material in the lives of her own family, Mann belongs among the united company confessional documentarians, like Tina Barney and Larry Sultan. But the construction of her photographs as fiction rather than fact, with a moody narrative linking the images, puts her in a camp with Cindy Sherman and the post-modernists.
And finally, the antique look of the a Mockingbird Lee Essay prints — the vignetting, shallow depth of field, blurred edges and general languor — connects her to neo-pictorialists like Bruce Weber and the Starns. Like them, she depends as much on evocation as description. Several of the fruit company photographs in Hope Kill Lee Essay “Immediate Family” refer to more famous ones — by Robert Frank (“Tobacco Spit”), Emmet Gowin (“Fallen Child”), Dorothea Lange (“Damaged Child”) and fruit company, Edward Weston (“Popsicle Drips”). But the spirit of these thefts has little in you don t know movie common with the critical sarcasm of appropriated art. Her “homages” are often done subconsciously and “with great affection.” Sally Mann is very much an anomaly. Her large-format camera and company, thorough exploitation of black-and-white printing techniques hark back to 19th-century ideals. She may have more in common with Victorian photographers, like Julia Margaret Cameron and Lewis Carroll, than with anyone contemporary. Her work shoots straight for the heart, sometimes cloyingly so. The warm tones of her favorite printing paper (Agfa Insignia) deepen the chronological ambiguities of her pictures. She has spent years in the darkroom, learning her craft.
Ted Orland, a former assistant to Ansel Adams, rates her “among the definition of the bigot half-dozen best printers in the country.” A sponsor of her Guggenheim Fellowship in 1987, he has known Mann for united almost 20 years. “She was one of definition word bigot, those people who was headed for greatness if she could only united, hold her potential long enough,” he says. He has watched her work become increasingly personal, both in subject matter and point of view. Unlike so many young American artists who fell in love with big cameras in the 70’s, reveling in the crisp detail possible with a larger negative, Mann did not become another cool topographer. “One of the pitfalls of the large-format is that you get caught up in the historical baggage,” Orland says. “Sally managed to take new kinds of photographs with an old piece of equipment.” For years, Sally Mann labored in jack rural obscurity, worried that her kinds of photographs would never find favor in the art world. Against the united fruit hard-edged documentarians of the 70’s and the media-haunted generation of the 80’s, her lush, brooding scenarios looked out of of the, place. Her last solo show in New York was at the now defunct Marcuse Pfeiffer Gallery, in 1988. But Mann’s success in the wake of fruit company, “At Twelve,” and after the exhibition of amendment, some of her pictures at the Whitney Museum’s 1991 Biennal, has not translated into united venues at major institutions for “Immediate Family.”
Self-censoring should never have to shock example enter into an artist’s or a curator’s thinking, according to Edward de Grazia, a professor at united fruit Benjamin Cardoza School of Law in New York and the author of “Girls Lean Back Everywhere,” a history of efforts to suppress literary and artistic expression in the United States. Australia! For a year, he has urged Mann to let him file a case that would challenge the company Federal child pornography laws. He has fought in court to protect the australia works of Henry Miller and William Burroughs against charges of obscenity, and he feels that Mann’s photographs deserve the same guarantees under the First Amendment. “The child pornography laws, especially the fruit company Federal laws, are very dangerous for artists like Sally,” he says. Hope By Harper! “She’s working under an inchoate threat. Any Federal prosecutor anywhere in the country could bring a case against her in Virginia and not only seize her photos, her equipment, her Rolodexes, but also seize her children for psychiatric and physical examination. No artist should have to live under that kind of a threat.” Laws vary from state to company state regarding such issues as exposure of a young girl’s breasts in a photograph.
But Federal laws, and those of many states, prohibit the importance amendment “lascivious” exhibition of the genitals of a child under the age of 18. In many instances, a violation of the law can be a serious felony. During a show of Mann’s photographs last year at company the Milwaukee Art Museum, the Rev. Vic Eliason, a broadcast evangelist, rallied his supporters against her. Of The! “He got the united fruit police and the D.A. to definition come down and investigate the show,” she says. “It was scary because he talked about saving my children from me. It fizzled out. But it’s the kind of thing that I’m afraid of.” De Grazia says: “What makes Sally such a good case is that right now her work deals squarely with this taboo subject of united fruit company, nude children. There isn’t the analysis slightest question that what she’s doing is art, so her motives and united fruit company, the artistic value would be unmistakable to the Supreme Court. Her work would highlight the vagueness and overbreadth of the child pornography laws. Definition Bigot! Isn’t work like this entitled to be protected under the united company First Amendment?”
Mann is understandably reluctant to importance first put herself and united company, her family in the middle of what would certainly be a long and bruising court battle. And she bristles at the word “erotic” when applied to her photographs, preferring the less charged “sensual.” “I don’t think of movie, my children, and I don’t think anyone else should think of them, with any sexual thoughts,” she says. “I think childhood sexuality is an oxymoron.” But the extraordinary care taken in rendering the flesh, including the attention paid to incipient sexual characteristics, is not accidental. By the cropping and “burning in” of detail, Mann presents obsessive — not casual or clinical — examinations of her young children’s nakedness. And although she is by no means the united fruit first serious photographer to of the word bigot take pictures of children unclothed, the popularity of her work depends to some degree on this trespassed taboo. “It may be a maternal refusal to face facts,” says Mann plaintively when challeged about her fine distinctions. “I only fruit company, wish that people looked at the pictures the way I do.”
As Mann and I sit on the steps of the cabin at Hope in To Kill by Harper the 400-acre farm she owns with her brothers, Jessie and Virginia are splashing in united company the Maury River below, having stripped as soon we arrived. Most of the photographs in the family series were taken here, deep in the woods, miles from electricity. A flood has recently wrecked the you don t know place. Company! With the wind billowing the curtains from the paneless windows behind us, Mann watches her children and talks about her fears for them and for the pictures. “Their lives have been so fulfilling,” she says sadly. T Know! “Adults have treated them with respect. They have no idea what’s out there in the world.
I know what to be afraid of. They don’t. “When I went to that Federal prosecutor, she said: ‘Do you know what you really have to watch for? Someone who sees these pictures and moves to Lexington and united, ingratiates himself into your family life. They’ll come after Jessie and Virginia because they seem so pliable, so broken in.’ “That seems far-fetched, but if you want to know my worst fear, that’s one of them.” She remains undecided about whether her own series of pictures will continue when Jessie reaches puberty. “I swore two years ago that because she was beginning to look more like an adult woman, I was going to stop.
But it would have been difficult, because she’s always naked out here.” She knows, too, that all three will soon close her out in definition of the developing their young-adult selves, and “that could be scary.” Daniel Shybunko has told her to expect a different opinion about the fruit company pictures as they “assert their own autonomy.” That one of them could pen a “Mommie Dearest” has also crossed her mind. A screaming fight breaks out you don t know jack movie, down by the river over Virginia’s watch, and Mann, hoping the girls will sort it out themselves, tries to united fruit company continue her train of thought. Her longstanding affection for the books of Nabokov has faced revision in light of her situation. “I just reread ‘Lolita,’ “ she says above the din. “I love him, of course. But I found it pretty difficult to read the second time because of what he did to that girl.” Soon it becomes clear from the wails that Mann needs to intervene in the dispute. But by the time Jessie comes running up the stairs in tears, shouting “I hate her, Mommy” and disappearing into in To Kill a Mockingbird the woods, the opportunity for peacemaking has slipped away. Our interview falls off into awkward silence. Ten minutes later, however, tears dried, Jessie is prowling around in the cabin, having spontaneously fashioned a skirt and bolero for herself out of company, green leaves, like a sprite of nature.
Acting quickly to seize the moment, Mann sets up her Toyo on the tripod. Disappearing beneath the photographer’s cloth, her hands protruding as they adjust the Kill a Mockingbird by Harper knobs that control the accordionlike bellows, she tilts and focuses the united fruit company image that appears upside down on the screen at the back of the camera. The process takes several long minutes. Exhausted from playing in Hope in To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper the river, Virginia meekly appears in the doorway, wrapped in a towel. Jessie stands on a bed and adjusts her costume, taking visible pleasure that she, and united fruit, not her sister, has become the you don jack movie center of their mother’s attention. Fruit! The curtains shroud her as gusts sweep through the cabin. Virginia enters anyway, climbs up in my lap and one of the following best, watches in rapt silence as Mann emerges from behind the company camera, takes a light reading, sets the one of the following best end of hawthorne's story aperture and begins to call out instructions: “Raise your head. Look out the window. Point your toe.
Bend your knee. Put your chin up. Make yourself veerrry uncomfortable.” (Laughter all around.) “There we go.” We’re interested in your feedback on this page. Tell us what you think.
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100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. For your paper, you will pick an issue to research. You will need to united company be sure that this is an arguable issue, which means it is australia, one that people hold different views about. As you read through information on this issue, you should be narrowing your topic into a single statement which states your position. This could be a claim of fact, definition, cause, value, or policy. Note: Some teachers use the term argument essay and united, others call it a position essay. First? These terms mean the united company same thing and are used interchangeably in this article. Is there a way to reduce abortions without legislation? (policy) Does a police officer's racial background make a difference in how they do their job? (value) Should the racial make-up of a police department be the same as the community they serve? (definition) How can pro-life and the following words describes at the end of story, pro-choice groups work together? (values) Should Barbie be banned? (value) Should reality T.V. United Fruit Company? shows have regulations? (policy) What is true beauty? (definition) Is video gaming good or bad? (value) Are beauty contests a positive thing for young girls? (value) Are participation trophies in you don t know movie athletics a good idea? (policy) Are overbearing sports parents helpful or harmful? (definition) Should young children be pushed to compete at athletics? (policy) Should children have scheduled activities or be left more time for free play? (value) What is the cause of the fruit company increase in child obesity? (cause) How can we encourage children to be more active? (policy) Should people on welfare be required to submit to drug testing? (policy) Why do so many celebrities have terrible life problems? (cause) Should media coverage be regulated? (policy) What is the effect of media coverage on elections? (fact) What is human trafficking? (definition) How can human trafficking be stopped? (policy) How do elected female officials differ from elected males? (fact) How important is amendment, it to fruit company have equal representation of genders and the following words best goodman at the hawthorne's story, races in political office? (value) How can we support the election of united fruit company, more females to political offices? (policy) How can we get more minorities to jack become police officers? (policy) How can the rights of artists and writers be protected on the Internet? (policy) Why should you pay for your music? (value) Does religious persecution exist? (fact) Should people be allowed to united fruit company make designer babies? (value) What can be done to cultural reduce unemployment among young African American men? (policy) Should the minimum wage be raised or lowered? (policy) This essay argues that sometimes, a nursing home can be the best choice. Poor Across Oceans.
This essay argues that we need to care more for people in united developing countries. T Know Jack? Hunger Hurts. How can we solve the problem of hunger? Should we have a national high school exam? (policy) Is private school tuition (elementary, high school, or college) really worth it? (value) Does statewide testing (like the TAKS/STAAR test in united fruit Texas) really increase student knowledge? (cause) Should colleges abolish reliance on SAT and ACT scores in admissions? (policy) How should the definition word bigot country's school system be reformed? (policy) Should the U.S. adopt an educational system like Europe's? (policy) What causes students to graduate from united company high school without basic skills? (cause) How do American students compare with students from other countries? (fact) What role should technology play in education? (value) What is the shock value of a liberal arts education? (value) Should students be required to take foreign language courses (or any other type of specific course)? Does adding days to the school year really improve learning? (fact) Should schools continue to spend money on fine arts? (value) How should students whose first language is not English be taught in public schools? (policy) Should college athletes be paid? (policy) Cell phones control our relationships. (definition) Computers are changing the way humans think. (fact) Texting and united fruit, cell phone use has caused young people to be less able to concentrate and movie, focus (or you can do the united company reverse—has caused them to be able to you don jack handle multi-tasking more effectively and fruit, efficiently). Of The Word Bigot? (cause) Cell phones have changed the united way we relate to each other in movie positive ways. (value) Cell phones, texts, and emails are not as good as talking face-to-face. (value) Textbooks should be replaced by i-Pads and online resources. Fruit Company? (policy) How are online technologies changing the Hope in To way we live? (policy) How is technology changing our definition of what it means to be human? (value) What laws should we have about cell phone use in cars? (policy) How is united fruit company, social media changing family relationships? (definition) Should parents limit teenagers' use of social media? (policy) What privacy policies should be upheld by social media companies? (policy) What should (and should not) be posted on Facebook by college students? (value) Should scientists be allowed to t know experiment on united company human embryos? (value) What is nanotechnology? What are its applications and possible uses in the future? (definition) Which kind of topic are you most interested in? Is China the Hope Kill Next Superpower? (Fact) How should we respond to the global problem of illegal immigration? (policy) Would a border fence solve the immigration problem in the U.S.? (fact) What is the relationship between immigration and nationality? (definition) What causes people to immigrate illegally? (cause) Should the U.S. have a visitor work program? (policy) How has immigration affected the history of the U.S.? (definition) Should all states have laws giving policemen the right to require people to prove their legal status? (policy) How can legal immigration be streamlined? (policy) Who should be allowed to immigrate?
Who should not? (value) How many illegal immigrants live in the U.S.? Who are they and where do they live? (fact) Toilet Video Games? Have We Gone Too Far? Is war inevitable? How does war become integral to society? (definition) How do people justify war? (value) What might help establish peace? (policy) Should the U.S. United? continue to act as a policeman for other countries? (value) How should the United States defend itself against terrorism? (policy) Is drone warfare ethical? (value) How is cyber warfare becoming more important? (fact) Is the U.S. Definition Word? engaging in cyber attacks on other countries? (fact) How did 9/11 change the way Americans feel about united company themselves as a world power? (definition) Should military spending in the U.S. increase or decrease? (policy) How important is race to American identity? (fact) To what extent does individual identity depend on ethnic affiliation? (definition) How does immigration from Latin America affect the culture of America? (fact) Why do Americans think in terms of a person having one race when so many Americans have a mixed racial, cultural, and/or ethnic background? (value) Is it a good idea for people to adopt children from another ethnic group? (value) What is culture? (definition) What is the importance of the value of knowing your racial and cultural heritage? (value) Should schools be required to teach multiculturalism? (policy) Should churches work harder to united company be multi-racial? (value) How can parents help raise their children to be appreciative of other cultures? (policy) Is global warming a problem and if so, what can we do about it? (fact) How can we resolve the economy versus environment debate? (policy) How can we be sure to provide clean water for everyone? (policy) What responsibility do Americans have for providing clean water to other nations? (value) How will the worldwide population increase affect our planet? (fact) What can be done to stop poaching of which one of words goodman brown at the end of hawthorne's story, endangered species? (policy) Is hunting good for united company, the environment? (definition/fact) How can citizens be responsible for their local environment? (policy) What can manufacturers do to help clean up the earth? (fact) What is the importance of clean water? (fact) What is the relationship between health and pollution? (fact) How does the current trend of species extinction compare to the past? (fact) What can Americans do to stop global pollution? (policy) How can we encourage people to recycle more? (value) How does global warming increase the dangers of disease in the U.S.? (fact) Sometimes, it can help to movie look through your textbook to united fruit find essays to spark ideas. In my class, we use a book by Nancy Wood called Perspectives on Argument . Australia? In the back of this book is united fruit company, a list of suggested issues and articles related to those issues. Usually, these articles are just a start for looking for importance of the first, a topic. You can take an idea from the article you like and then research it to fruit find out what different people think about definition word that issue. Still having trouble finding a topic?
Try looking up an united company, issue you are interested in on YouTube. Cultural Example? You might get some good ideas just browsing around. Sometimes the title of a video can give you a main idea and title. Especially look for ideas that can be turned into united fruit company questions that you can argue pro or con. Whether you go online or look at a paper copy, you can use the definition word bigot news to give you an united fruit company, idea of what to write about. Just remember that if you are doing a research paper that you will need to cite any sources that you use, so make sure you keep a copy. How to Write an which the following describes end of story, Evaluation Paper with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 15. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. 100 Expository Essay Topic Ideas, Writing Tips, and Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 22. 100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and company, Sample Essays. by of the first amendment Virginia Kearney 32.
100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. 100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37. Fruit? Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from United States. Australia? Hi Rosie--You have a good topic and an interesting personal connection. I'd suggest that you do a frame story introduction and conclusion. Start with your situation and company, then stop part-way through and australia analysis, ask the question: should you call CPS? Then do your answer and tell why or why not. Finish with telling the end of company, your story. See my articles on How to write an argument paper and How to in To write a position paper for full instructions. Wondering how to united company write a position essay.
Topic should you call Child Protective Services. In my personal life we are going through a situation where we called the child protective services but much is not being done. Was thinking if I choose this topic I could write some of our family's frustration about the situation, don't know how to australia movie go about writing this essay. Virginia Kearney 5 weeks ago from United States. Khen--You can find help if you look for my articles about how to write different kinds of position or argument papers. I have several different articles that can lead you step by step through the process. Can you please help me in my position paper? Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Roami, You have an interesting idea.
I think one way for you to get some good information to united company start your paper is to research why local languages are not included in the instruction first. Next, you might want to interview some people to find out their positions and to get some quotes on this topic. Cultural Shock Example? Finally, you might want to get some research articles which show whether or not using a local or home language of a student helps them to learn better. In the United States, research has shown that students who receive some instruction in company their own language at least at first often do better in the long run than a child who is fully immersed in English. In my own experience as a teacher, I discovered that children who came to an all-English classroom before grade 2 or 3, generally was very competent in that language by age 12. However, if they entered an Kill by Harper, all English school later, they were often not able to catch up. However, that only works if the child is in a school where no one else speaks their native language (as is often true in the U.S. United Fruit Company? but not true in a school where all the children speak their local language together). You have a wonderful topic and one that is very important for cultural shock example, your country to consider.
I wish you great success in your paper. pls, i need u to look into this position topic for me. Should local languages be made as compulsory as religious languages in schools. United Fruit Company? Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Hi Sam, you might want to try my article about Funny Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas, or else do the negative of any idea here or in one of my many other argument essays. In a devil's advocate paper, you want to you don go against what most people think. Here are a few ideas just to get you thinking: Why Trump will be regarded as one of our top 5 presidents.
Why we should leave ISIS alone. Why race is united company, less a problem in America than Europe. Why the leader of North Korea isn't really crazy. I have this assignment of playing the australia analysis role of devil's advocate and I can't think of a good topic! ( I personally prefer a political related topic). Fruit? Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Aidyn-You add a very interesting position topic.
I had not thought about of the first schools making rules against fasting but it certainly could hurt a child's performance in school if they were fasting for united company, a longer period than a day or two. That could cause a school to be concerned. Thanks for your comment and idea. Aidyn Krikorian 6 months ago. I greatly appreciate your website, and I have a suggestion for a topic. Should we allow fasting or other religious acts in schools? This topic facsinates me and I do hope you will consider it. I have chosen a topic to use for a paper from of the first amendment this webpage and will be returning. Thank you, Aidyn. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from company United States. Rose--You did not mention what aspect of culture you are writing about jack which makes it hard to united company help you.
However, for example, if you are writing a paper arguing to people that only like modern music that classical music is worth listening to, you could start by talking about cultural shock what you agree with about modern music and acknowledge why people of your generation might prefer to united fruit company listen to it. Which The Following Words Best Goodman Hawthorne's Story? Then you could explain why they would actually enjoy classical music if they gave it a try or explain how they could grow to appreciate that kind of fruit, music. Which One Of The Following Words Best Describes At The End Of Story? I need help on united company my regerian Argument eassy on australia movie analysis culture. I dont now how to start it, Does anyone knows how.thanks. Preston Heard 8 months ago. These are great topics for the upcoming research essays. I will definitely be using one of fruit company, them.
Thank you for this resource! Aaron Gibson 8 months ago. Excited for your class this semester! Matt Hartman 8 months ago. This article along with many of the Hope Kill a Mockingbird by Harper other articles you have written will be very helpful this semester! I'm looking forward to your class! Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States. Look for my articles about how to write argument or position essays for lots of fruit company, ideas on you don t know jack how to united fruit company introduce essays and t know jack, find sources. Luckily, Google Scholar has lots of excellent peer-reviewed essays that are good sources, but you can also find many good sources that come from government, Universities or published journals that post online (look for .gov, .edu or a journal that also appears in united company print).
One easy way to start your introduction is to importance of the first amendment tell a story about a student who is generally shy (or maybe bullied) but gets excited (and more included by united fruit others) when they are able to share about of the their own culture during a multiculturalism unit. I am doing an Apa essay on should schools be required to teach multiculturalism any idea on how I should start my intro and what sources I should use? Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States. Bebe--You don't tell me whether your paper is company, a research paper or not, but I've written many articles on how to write different sorts of essays. You can use the search engine on HubPages to find them, or look at cultural shock, the links that usually appear when you pull up one of my articles. Search Argument essays or How to Write a Position Essay or just type in VirginiaLynne. To start a paper on your topic, I think I would use a story in the introduction showing a miscommunication when people don't talk face to face. Hey . Can you please help me in my position paper . I dont how to start . My topic is cellphone,texts and emails are not as good as talking face to face . It is from yours sample :) thank you. I think that is video gaming good or bad is a great topic to choose. Virginia Kearney 19 months ago from united fruit company United States. Yes Alsaifl, I think that What is beauty? could be a topic.
You are right that your answer would be a definition claim. Jumanah Alsaif 19 months ago. Is the topics What is true beauty? (definition) a good topic for a position paper? I was thinking of writing how the definition of beauty is different for each individual. Brittany Adams 14 2 years ago. Of The Bigot? Thank you so much for united fruit, posting!
This helps a lot with my writing! Tariq Ali Khan 2 years ago. Excellent work buddy! Thank you so much ! Kristen Howe 2 years ago from Northeast Ohio. Great topics for a variety of essays for jack movie, everyone who needs to fruit be inspired.
Voted up for you don t know jack movie, useful! That Tom Hanks video is hilarious. These ideas are very thought-provoking and inspiring! Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Cindy A. So glad I was able to give you some good information! Unbelievable. You have helped me enormously. Thank you so much.
Thank you for these great topics. VJG 2 years ago from Texas. This would be an interesting article for fruit, school students. They always seem to shock struggle for essay ideas. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Hi Safa--Here are the united fruit main steps: 1. Choose a question you are going to write about. First Amendment? Then think about what your answer to the question is going to be.
2. Decide what you want your reader to think, do or believe after they read your essay. United Company? That is your thesis (the answer to your question). Australia? 3. Decide who you want to united fruit persuade to believe this (that is your reader or audience). Think about what that reader already knows and believes about your topic. That will help you develop your arguments. The reader should not be someone who already believes what you do. Movie? If they do, you aren't really arguing are you? 4. Think of at least 3 reasons why your reader should believe your thesis. Those reasons will be the main body part of your essay.
5. United Fruit? Think of importance, examples or evidence which supports each of those reasons. That is what you will use to support those three reasons. United? 6. What objections will your reader have? Write those out and also your answers to those objections. This will be a paragraph after your reasons.
7. T Know Jack? For your conclusion think of what good will come if your reader believes you. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from united fruit company United States. You Don Jack? Hi katha- if you look at the bottom right blue box I have the links to sample essays. These are student essays so they are published by fruit my students under their own names here on hubpages. Maybe I should move these up on the page so you can find them more easily. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Samarah--Yes I think that vaccinating children is bigot, a very good topic. You can also narrow that to particular types of vaccinations that are new like the chickenpox vaccine or the HPV.
Another possible argument on this topic is whether or not it is fruit company, true that vaccines are the main reason for cultural example, better health in people today than in the past. Fruit? Is the words best describes brown at the end of right to vaccinate children a good topic? Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from company United States. I think you can do something related to obesity or how different types of food are good or bad for your health. Or you can talk about movie GMO foods or organic or locally grown produce. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. Xstatic--I love the fact that you do have a position on everything--I like to look at fruit, all sides of things and importance of the, that is united, great as an definition word bigot, instructor teaching positions, because I can play the devils advocate, but sometimes I do need to just nail down my own point of united fruit, view! Jim Higgins 5 years ago from Eugene, Oregon.
A great how to for position papers. I have not written one for years, though I have a position on Hope Kill by Harper Lee Essay almost everything. Useful Hub and well done as usual. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of united fruit company, their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc.
HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on Hope Kill this page based on affiliate relationships and company, advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and Hope Kill a Mockingbird, respective owners.
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Exemple de business plan pour un restaurant. Besoin d'inspiration pour rediger votre business plan ? Vous etes au bon endroit ! Voici un exemple de business plan tire des modeles de notre logiciel de business plan. United Fruit Company? Vous pouvez d'ailleurs essayer gratuitement notre logiciel et telecharger cet exemple de business plan de restaurant en pdf ou bien l'adpater a votre projet directement dans notre outil. Afin de faciliter la lecture, nous avons divise cet exemple de business plan de restaurant en 2 parties : la partie non financiere du plan (ci-dessous) et le plan financier faisant l'objet d'un article a part. Cet article fait partie de notre serie expliquant comment faire un business plan. La partie non financiere du business plan du restaurant de notre exemple se compose des sections suivantes : Exemple de business plan partie 1 : Resume. Chez Paul Ltd. Hope Kill A Mockingbird Lee Essay? sera un restaurant francais situe sur la tres frequentee Restaurant Road dans le nord de Londres.
Le restaurant sera dirige par M Paul Cunningham et M David Jones. Fruit Company? Paul et David partagent une passion pour la cuisine francaise ainsi qu'une grande experience de la restauration. Ils ont travaille tous les deux plusieurs annees dans des etablissement similaires a Chez Paul. Australia Movie Analysis? Ils se sont rencontres a The Old Oak, un gastro-pub sur Paddington Street, ou ils ont travaille ensemble pendant 3 ans. Paul et David sont egalement tres complementaires. Company? Paul a travaille dans la vente et le marketing avant de se reconvertir dans la restauration en devenant gerant de The Old Oak. Definition Of The Word Bigot? David quant a lui a passe toute sa carriere dans la restauration.
Son dernier poste etait responsable des cuisines a The Old Oak. Mme Sarah James, une amie de David et Paul, a prevue d'investir dans le restaurant au cote de Paul. Le marche local, defini comme le kilometre carre autour du restaurant, a ete evalue a 7,4 m?. United Company? Une estimation du trafic dans Restaurant Road a ete realise par un cabinet d'etude independant. Australia Movie Analysis? Le trafic journalier est estime a 6 550 personnes / jour. Il y a deux autres restaurants dans Restaurant Road, ils proposent de la cuisine italienne et asiatique et beneficie d'un bon taux d'occupation. Fruit? Leurs principaux clients sont les employes des bureaux avoisinant a leur du dejeuner en semaine et les habitants du quartier les soirs et weekend. Le chiffre d'affaires prevu pour 2013 est de 524 186 ?, nous estimons pouvoir atteindre 558 660 ? en 2015 (3.2% de croissance annuelle cumulee). Sur la base du plan actuel, l'EBE devrait croitre de 17 806 ? en 2013 (3.4% de marge ) a 43 594 ? (7.8% de marge) en 2015. You Don Jack? L'amelioration de la marge est principalement due a un meilleur remplissage du restaurant a partir de l'annee 2 se traduisant par une meilleure absorption des frais fixes.
Le niveau eleve de dotation aux amortissement et d'interets nous forcera a reconnaitre une perte en annee 1. Le flux de tresorerie operationnel et le flux de tresorerie devraient etre positifs sur toute la duree du plan. Le besoin de financement de Chez Paul a ete estime a 263 k?. United Fruit Company? Les actionnaires apporteront 100 k? sous forme de capital social. L'objectif de ce business plan est d'obtenir un pret bancaire pour les 163 k? restant. Exemple de business plan partie 2 : Societe. Chez Paul Ltd est une societe a responsabilite limite de droit anglais enregistree sous le numero 00000000.
Le siege social de la societe est situe au 143 Restaurant Road London NW6 4PF. Australia? Le siege social est egalement le lieu d'activite principal de la societe. Chez Paul Ltd. United Fruit? a deux actionnaires. Mme James est la gerante de Dgd Co Limited, elle est egalement une amie de longue date de Paul et David. Chez Paul sera un restaurant d'une capacite de 43 couverts situe au 143 Restaurant Road a Londres. Restaurant Road est une rue tres frequentee dans laquelle se trouvent 10 boutiques et 2 autres restaurants. Of The Amendment? La rue est entouree de bureaux attirant un trafic de d'employes a l'heure du dejeuner pendant la semaine, la rue attire en soiree et les weekends les familles vivant aux alentours. Le restaurant sera dirige par M Paul Cunningham qui agira en tant que gerant de la societe. Paul est un restaurateur experimente ayant dirige The Old Oak, un gastro-pub situe sur Paddington Street a Londres, durant les 5 dernieres annees.
Sous la direction de Paul le chiffres d'affaire et l'EBE de The Old Oak ont progresse respectivement de 345 ?k a 432 ?k (4.6% TCAC) et de 21 ?k a 28 ?k (5.9% TCAC). Avant de rejoindre The Old Oak, Paul a passe 12 ans en dans la direction marketing et commerciale de Abc Food Co ou il a developpe de solides contacts aupres de plusieurs fournisseurs de produits alimentaires. Paul a un BSc en Economie et Management de l'universite de Bristol. Paul sera seconde par David Jones qui sera en charge de la cuisine. United? David a travaille toute sa carriere dans la restauration. Movie? Il a commence en tant que serveur en 1987, puis est devenu cuisinier en 1995 et est reste dans la cuisine depuis. Paul et David ont travaille ensemble a The Old Oak les 3 dernieres annees. Exemple de business plan partie 3 : Produits et Services. Chez Paul sera un restaurant francais a tarifs moderes.
Le restaurant proposera de la cuisine traditionnelle : Plats principaux : entrecote, croque monsieur, blanquette de veau, salade cesar, salade nicoise Legumes : frites ou salade Entrees : oeufs mayonnaises, pate, assiette de crudites Deserts : mousse au chocolat, creme brulee, tarte aux pommes. L'offre comprendra egalement : une formule dejeuner en semaine (incluant un plats du jour ne figurant pas sur la carte et une entree ou un desert) qui devrait satisfaire l'envie de diversite et la contrainte budgetaire des employes des bureaux situes a proximite du restaurant; ainsi qu'un menu roti du dimanche destine aux habitants du quartier. La duree moyenne d'un repas est estimee entre 40 et 60 minutes. Exemple de business plan partie 4 : Etude de Marche. La direction a engage Fdv. Company? Consulting pour realiser une etude de marche du quartier autour de Restaurant Road.
Fdv. Cultural Example? Consulting rapporte qu'il y a 16 restaurants situe dans le kilometre carre autour de Chez Paul et estime que ces restaurants on united, realise un chiffre d'affaires moyen de 463 k? valorisant ainsi le marche local a 7,4 m?. D'apres le dernier recensement, le nombre d'habitants par kilometre carre dans le quartier est evalue a 28 075, 36% des menages se composent d'un adulte uniquement, 48% de plus d'un adulte sans enfant et 16% d'adultes vivant avec des enfants. Il y a environ 3 000 entreprises situees dans le kilometre carre autour du restaurant, ces entreprises emploient en moyenne 12 personnes (bien que 83% emploient moins de 10 personnes). Au niveau de la rue, l'enquete de terrain mene par Fdv. Hope Kill Lee Essay? evalue le trafic journalier a environ 6 550 personnes. Fdv a identifie 2 segments : les employes des bureaux avoisinants actifs au moment du dejeuner en semaine, les habitants du quartier plus actifs les soirs et weekends. Nous anticipons que Chez Paul attirera a la fois les employes des bureaux avoisinants le midi en semaine et les habitants des quartier les soirs et weekends. D'apres notre enquete de terrain les employes de bureaux presentent les caracteristiques suivantes : 40% ont entre 45 - 60 minutes pour dejeuner 15% dejeunent regulierement avec des clients 10% fond des dejeuner d'equipe au moins une fois par mois leur budget se situe entre 6 et 20 ? Les observations faites sur les deux autres restaurants (capacite totale de 76 couverts) de la rue suggerent qu'ils servent en moyenne : Pendant la semaine (par jour):
115 clients au dejeuner 74 clients au diner. Pendant le weekend (par jour): Sur le segment des employes, notre comprehension est que les principaux facteurs influencant la demande sont : Service rapide : les employes on united fruit company, en moyenne 40 minutes maximum pour dejeuner afin d'etre de retour a l'heure au travail Diversite culinaire : ils sont lasses de manger systematiquement la meme chose a midi et recherche donc de la diversite Prix : l'etude de terrain suggere in cultural shock example budget de 6 a 13 ? pour le dejeuner. Sur le segment des menages nous pensons que les principaux facteurs influencant la demande sont : L'atmosphere: les consommateurs recherchent avant tout un endroit conviviale ou se retrouver en famille ou entre amis Prix: l'etude de terrain indique un budget de 12 a 20 ? pour un diner. Nous avons identifie 2 types de concurrences dans notre quartier: les autres restaurants qui representent une alternative immediate a notre restaurant, et les vendeurs de sandwiches et plats prepares a emporter qui constituent un moyen de substitution a la restauration. Il y a 2 autres restaurants dans notre rue et 14 autres dans le kilometre carre autour du restaurant. Voici les principales caracteristique des 2 restaurant dans notre rue : Style: Italien Capacite: 44 couverts Ouvert depuis: mars 1995 Dernier chiffre d'affaires connu : 552 ?k (2006) Dernier EBE connu : 32 ?k (2006, 5.8% de marge) Gamme de prix : 7,5 - 9,7 ? pour les pizza et pates, 12 - 14 ? pour les plats a base de viande Vente a emporter : non. Style : Asiatique Capacite : 32 couverts Ouvert depuis : janvier 2003 Dernier chiffre d'affaires connu : N/D Dernier EBE connu : N/D Gamme de prix : 3,5 - 6,5 ? pour les entrees 8,4 - 13,2 ? pour les plats principaux Vente a emporter : oui, -10% sur la carte. Little Italy et China Express ciblent la meme clientele que Chez Paul.
Etant donne qu'ils proposent un style de cuisine different du notre, nous ne les voyons pas comme une menace directe a l'activite de Chez Paul mais plutot comme une offre complementaire renforcant l'attractivite de la rue. Parmi les autres restaurants dans le kilometre carre autour de Chez Paul, un seul offre pour l'instant de la cuisine francaise laissant l'espace pour un second restaurant sur ce segment : La principale barriere a l'entree identifiee par la direction est l'emplacement du restaurant. United Fruit? L'espace commercial dans le quartier ou se trouve le restaurant est tres rare. Definition? De plus tres peu d'emplacements sont suffisamment larges pour pouvoir y installer un restaurant reduisant de fait le risque d'un nouvel entrant. La reglementation principale pour les Restaurants sont les lois relatives a l'hygiene et a la securite alimentaire. Fruit? La Food Standards Agency (FSA) est l'organe gouvernementale en charge de l'application de la reglementation. Il n'y a pas d'obligation de formation prealable a l'ouverture d'un restaurant au Royaume Uni, en revanche le gerant est responsable legalement de s'assurer que ses employes ont recu un niveau de formation suffisant. De part sa longue experience dans la restauration, la direction de Chez Paul est familiere avec l'ensemble des directives de la FSA. T Know Movie? La direction a prevu de dedier une section entiere du programme de formation des nouveaux employes a l'hygiene et la securite alimentaire. United Fruit? La direction s'est egalement abonne a la lettre d'information de la FSA afin de se tenir au courant des evolutions de la reglementation. Les restaurateurs sont egalement requis d'enregistrer leur locaux aupres du departement de sante environnementale de leur autorite locale 28 jours avant l'ouverture.
Les locaux de Chez Paul ont obtenu la classification A3 necessaire pour les restaurant et la direction s'assurera que l'equipement de la cuisine reste conforme aux normes. La direction a egalement obtenu la licence necessaire afin de pouvoir servir de l'alcool. Exemple de business plan partie 5 : Strategie. Chez Paul s'efforcera de fournir un service rapide ainsi qu'une cuisine variee permettant aux employes des bureaux aux alentours de rompre avec leur quotidien alimentaire tout en etant de retour a l'heure au travail. Nous mettrons egalement l'accent sur la qualite de service en esperant que les clients satisfaits revienne le soir ou le weekend en famille ou entre amis. Nous serons egalement tres present sur internet afin d'attirer des clients les soirs, le weekends et aux heures creuses. T Know Jack? Les principaux media identifies par la direction pour cela sont Facebook, Foursquare, LaFourchette et Groupon. Notre principal avantage concurrentiel sera le depaysement culinaire offert a nos clients. La cuisine francaise est relativement populaire a Londres et etant l'un des deux seuls restaurants proposant ce type de cuisine dans le kilometre carre autour de Restaurant Street devrait faire du restaurant un point d'attraction naturel.
Nous pensons egalement que notre strategie de marketing en ligne centree sur les reseau sociaux devrait nous donner un avantage sur nos concurrents locaux et nous permettre d'attirer plus de clients (notamment en heures creuses). United Fruit? Parmi les 16 autres restaurants dans le quartier : seulement 10 ont un site internet seulement 8 ont une page Facebook (dont 3 inactives - aucun messages depuis 2 mois) seulement 2 ont blog seulement 1 a ete apercu sur les reseaux publicitaires aucun n'est present sur Foursquare. Les prix de Chez Paul seront moderes. One Of Best Describes Brown At The End Of? Sur la base de nos hypotheses de volume et de mix produit, nous anticipons les revenus moyens par client suivants : Dejeuner - semaine : 12? Diner - semaine : 17? Dejeuner - weekend : 15? Diner - weekend : 20? Vous trouverez une liste complete de nos tarifs dans le menu joint a ce business plan. La direction de Chez Paul tentera de promouvoir activement le restaurant en utilisant les moyens suivants : Base de Donnees Clients : Nous nous efforcerons de construire une base de donnees de nos clients. United Fruit Company? Les clients inclus dans la base de donnees recevront des promotions ayant pour but d'augmenter leur fidelite. Promotion sur Internet : Notre strategie de promotions en ligne sera centree sur les elements suivants : Site transactionnel : notre site internet affichera des photos du restaurant realisees par un photographe professionnel, notre menu et nos prix, un plan permettant de nous trouver facilement, ainsi que des avis de nos clients. One Of The Following Words Describes Brown? Le site permettra egalement aux visiteurs de reserver une table ou de souscrire a notre lettre d'information mensuelle Blog : Paul et David publieront chaque semaine un article sur la cuisine francaise : recettes, suggestions de vins, etc.
Facebook : nous communiquerons avec nos clients sur notre page Facebook. Company? Nos clients auront l'opportunite de proposer des ameliorations, de voter sur les changements de menu, et d'etre informe sur les evenements speciaux a venir Publicite : nous offrirons regulierement des menus a prix reduit en dehors des heures creuses sur differents sites (Groupon, LaFourchette). You Don T Know Jack? Nous offrirons egalement une reduction de 5% et un verre de vin aux clients signalant leur presence dans le restaurant sur Foursquare. Paul assistera aux principaux evenements organises aux alentours de la rue afin de construire une bonne relation avec la communaute de Restaurant Road. Les serveurs seront formes aux differentes techniques de ventes permettant d'augmenter le ticket moyen de leurs tables et s'efforceront d'inciter les clients satisfaits a publier sur internet une critique positive sur le restaurant. Les principales etapes de developement identifiees par la direction sont les suivantes : Obtenir un financement bancaire (d'ici 1 mois) Ouverture (d'ici 2 mois) Atteinte de la rentabilite au de l'EBE (dans les 6 mois suivant l'ouverture) Ancrer le restaurant sur internet : objectif de 100 likes sur Facebook, 30 avis de consommateur et 10 articles sur des blogs dans les 3 mois suivant le demarage de l'activite. Les principaux risques identifies par la direction sont : L'arrivee d'un concurrent dans la rue Un scandale sanitaire Une serie de mauvaises critiques dans la presse ou sur internet. Nous pensons que le risque d'un nouvel entrant est limite compte tenu de la rarete des espaces commerciaux pouvant accueillir un restaurant dans le quartier. La direction de Chez Paul prendra toute les precautions necessaires afin de s'assurer que le restaurant reste en conformites avec les normes sanitaires. Fruit Company? La formation des nouveaux employes aux normes d'hygiene et de securite alimentaire sera dirige par by which one of words goodman end of hawthorne's story David qui a plus de 18 annees d'experience dans ce domaine. Chez Paul a pour ambition d'offrir la meilleure experience possible a ses clients.
Si un client insatisfait venait a publier un avis negatif sur le restaurant, la direction prendrait toutes les mesures necessaires pour identifier et corriger la source du probleme, puis offrirai au client insatisfait un repas gratuit afin qu'il puisse se faire une deuxieme opinion sur le restaurant. Exemple de business plan partie 6 : Operations. La direction de Chez Paul a mis en place un certains nombres de procedures encadrant la conduite des operations au jour le jour. Le restaurant sera ouvert 7 sur 7 pour le dejeuner et le diner necessitant une rotation du personnel. Fruit Company? Le gerant sera charge de la gestion de l'emploi du temps. Le choix du menu a ete volontairement limite afin de faciliter la preparation des plats en cuisine. T Know? La plupart des plats peuvent etre prepares d'avance ce qui permet de reduire le temps d'attente des clients durant les heures de pointe. Company? La preparation des plats continuera pendant les heures creuses de l'apres-midi. Le responsable de cuisine sera en charge de la gestion des achats et du stockage des ingredients.
Un suivi rigoureux des couts sera mis en place. Le restaurant sera ouvert tout les jours de 11h a 23h ce qui necessitera le personnel suivant : Les cuisiniers seront embauches en CDI tandis qu'une combinaison de CDI et de vacataires sera utilisee pour remplir les autres postes. La direction de Chez Paul a mis en place un processus de recrutement efficace permettant de recruter du personnel experimente sur chacun des postes. Which One Of The Following Words Best Hawthorne's? La majeure partie de recrutements se fera sur recommandation. La formation du personnel sera effectuee en interne. United? Le programme comprendra les points suivants: service interaction avec les clients gerer les plaintes hygiene et securite alimentaire. Les principaux actifs identifies par le management comprennent le contrat location, l'equipement de la cuisine et la base de donnee client. Le contrat de location a une duree de 10 ans avec une option de renouvellement pour 10 ans supplementaire donnant ainsi a la direction un horizon de long terme pour developper et perenniser l'activite. L'equipement de la cuisine est garanti 3 ans et sera assure. La base de donnee client sera sauvegardee regulierement afin d'eviter toute perte de donnees.
Paul a de bonnes relations avec un certain nombre de fournisseurs avec qui il a travaille lorsqu'il etait chez Abc Food Co. Definition Word Bigot? Les fournisseurs suivants ont ete selectionnes en fonction de la frequence de livraison souhaite par la direction : Fournisseur : Good Supplies Ltd (alternative : Fresh Food Co Ltd) Delais de paiement : 15 jours Frequence de livraison : 2 fois par semaine. Viandes et volailles : Fournisseur : The North Butcher Ltd. Fruit Company? (alternative : Aberdeen Meat Ltd.) Delais de paiement : 7 jours Frequence de livraison : 2 fois par semaine. Fournisseur : Smith Beverage plc (alternative : Camden Drinks Ltd.) Delais de paiement : 30 jours Frequence de livraison : 1 fois par semaine. C'est ici que se termine la partie 1 de cette exemple de business plan pour restaurant, n'hesitez pas a nous faire part de vos commentaires ou questions. Ecrivez facilement votre business plan. Decouvrez notre logiciel de business plan en ligne. Conseils et exemples.
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