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How to Write a Bibliography – Examples in MLA Style. Please note, all entries should be typed double-spaced. In order to keep this Web page short,single rather than double space is used here. See Bibliography Sample Page for a properly double-spaced Bibliography or Works Cited sample page. Examples cited on most of jazz this page are based on the authoritative publication from MLA. Essay. If the example you want is not included here, please consult the MLA Handbook, or ask the writer to look it up for you. Format for entries: A single space is used after any punctuation mark.
When dividing a long word or URL onto two lines, put hyphen, slash, or period at the end of the line. Do not add a hyphen to type most influenced the emergence, a URL that was not originally there. Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark. Double-space all lines in a bibliography entry. Do not indent the first line of a bibliography entry, indent second and subsequent lines 5 spaces, or 1/2? (1.25 cm) from the left margin. Please see Chapter 11. Guidelines on How to Savannah's Mission Essay, Write a Bibliography for which most in the postwar details. When writing a bibliography, remember that the purpose is to communicate to the reader, in a standardized manner, the sources that you have used in sufficient detail to plan template, be identified. If you are unable to which of music most of jazz, find all the necessary information, just cite what you can find.
Click here to see a selection of Common Abbreviations used in documentation. For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations used in parentheses, tables, and documentation, please go to plan template, Section 7.4 of the which influenced, 6th edition of the MLA Handbook. Bell, Stewart. Simund And The And Psychosis. The Martyr’s Oath: The Apprenticeship of a Homegrown Terrorist . Mississauga, ON: Wiley, 2005. Biale, David, ed. Cultures of the Jews: A New History . New York: Schocken, 2002. Bowker, Michael.
Fatal Deception: The Untold Story of Asbestos: Why It Is Still Legal. and Still Killing Us . N.p.: Rodale, 2003. N.p. = No place of publication indicated. Capodiferro, Alessandra, ed. Wonders of the World: Masterpieces of Architecture from. 4000 BC to type influenced the emergence in the era?, the Present . Vercelli: White Star, 2004. Cross, Charles R. Room Full of Mirrors: A Biography of Jimi Hendrix . Why Welfare. New York: Maltin, Leonard, ed.
Movie Video Guide 2002 Edition . New York: New American, 2001. Meidenbauer, Jorg, ed. Discoveries and Inventions: From Prehistoric to Modern Times . Lisse: Rebo, 2004. Puzo, Mario. The Family: A Novel . Completed by Carol Gino. New York: Harper, 2001. Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets . New York: Scholastic, 1999.
—. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Thorndike, ME: Thorndike, 2000. Suskind, Ron. Which Postwar. The Price of Loyalty: George W. Treatment And Psychosis. Bush, the White House, and the Education of. Paul O’Neill . New York: Simon, 2004. If your citation is from one volume of a multivolume work and of music most of jazz in the, each volume has its own title, you need cite only the edwin muir, actual volume you have used without reference to other volumes in the work. Example: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud comes in 5 volumes, written by type the emergence postwar era? Peter Gay.
(Title of Vol. 1: Education of the Senses ) Gay, Peter. Education of the Senses . New York: Norton, 1999. (Title of Vol. 2: The Tender Passion) Gay, Peter. Savannah's Essay. The Tender Passion . Which Type Of Music Influenced The Emergence In The Era?. New York: Oxford UP, 1986. (Title of Vol.
3: The Cultivation of Hatred ) Gay, Peter. The Cultivation of Hatred . London: Harper, 1994. (Title of Vol. 4: The Naked Heart ) Gay, Peter. Edwin Muir. The Naked Heart . New York: Norton, 1995. (Title of which type of music most influenced the emergence, Vol.
5: Pleasure Wars ) Gay, Peter. Pleasure Wars . New York: Norton, 1998. 2. Savannah's Mission. Book with two authors or editors: Bohlman, Herbert M., and Mary Jane Dundas. The Legal, Ethical and International. Environment of Business . 5th ed. Cincinnati, OH: West, 2002.
Bolman, Lee G., and Terrence E. Deal. Leading with Soul: An Uncommon Journey. of Spirit . Rev. ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. Calvesi, Maurizio, and Lorenzo Canova, eds. Rejoice! 700 Years of Art for the Papal.
Jubilee . New York: Rizzoli, 1999. Cohen, Andrew, and which of music most influenced the emergence of jazz in the, J.L. Granatstein, eds. Is Good. Trudeau’s Shadow: The Life and Legacy. of Pierre Elliott Trudeau . Toronto: Random, 1998.
Heath, Joseph, and Andrew Potter. The Rebel Sell: Why the Culture Can’t Be Jammed . 2nd ed. Toronto: Harper, 2005. Llewellyn, Marc, and Lee Mylne. Frommer’s Australia 2005 . Which Type Influenced Postwar. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005. Summers, Anthony, and edwin muir, Robbyn Swan. Sinatra: The Life . New York: Knopf, 2005. Book prepared for publication by type of music influenced the emergence in the era? two editors: Shakespeare, William.
The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark . Ed. What Is The Approach. Barbara A. Mowat and Paul Werstine. Type The Emergence Of Jazz In The Postwar Era?. New York: Washington. 3. Book with three authors or editors: Clancy, Tom, Carl Stiner, and Tony Koltz. Shadow Warriors: Inside the Special. Forces . New York: Putnam, 2002.
Hewitt, Les, Andrew Hewitt, and Luc d’Abadie. The Power of Focus for College. Students . Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, 2005. Larsson, Mans O., Alexander Z. Speier, and biomedical, Jennifer R. Weiss, eds. Let’s Go: Germany 1998 . New York: St. Martin’s, 1998. Palmer, R.R., Joel Colton, and Lloyd Kramer. A History of the Modern World: To 1815 . 9th ed. New York: Knopf, 2002.
Suzuki, David, Amanda McConnell, and Maria DeCambra. The Sacred Balance: A Visual Celebration of most influenced of jazz postwar era?, Our Place in Nature . Vancouver: Greystone, 2002. 4. Book with more than three authors or editors: You have a choice of listing all of the authors or editors in the order as they appear on the title page of the book, or use “et al.” from the Latin et alii, or et aliae , meaning “and others” after the first author or editor named. Nelson, Miriam E., Kristin R. Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and Lawrence Lindner. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Perigee, 2003. Nelson, Miriam E., et al. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Hogan, David J., et al., eds. Simund Freud And The. The Holocaust Chronicle: A History in Words and Pictures . Lincolnwood, IL: International, 2000.
Pound, Richard W., Richard Dionne, Jay Myers, and James Musson, eds. Canadian. Facts and Dates . 3rd ed. Markham, ON: Fitzhenry, 2005. Pound, Richard W., et al., eds. Type Of Music The Emergence Of Jazz Era?. Canadian Facts and Dates . 3rd ed. Markham, ON:
Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al. Why Welfare Is Good. Words for Students of English: A Vocabulary. Series for ESL . Vol. 6. Advanced Level ESL. Pittsburgh, PA: U of Pittsburgh P, 1989.
5. Book with compilers, or compilers and editors: McClay, John B., and which of music most influenced of jazz in the, Wendy L. Matthews, comps. and eds. Corpus Juris Humorous: A Compilation of Outrageous, Unusual, Infamous and what biomedical to health, Witty Judicial Opinions. from 1256 A.D. to the Present . New York: Barnes, 1994. O’Reilly, James, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly, comps. and eds. Danger: True Stories of of music the emergence postwar, Trouble and Survival . San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. Teresa, Mother. The Joy in Loving: A Guide to Daily Living with Mother Teresa . Comp.
Jaya Chaliha and Edward Le Joly. Savannah's Essay. New York: Viking, 1997. Note abbreviation: comp. = compiler or compiled by. 6. Book with no author or editor stated: Maclean’s Canada’s Century: An Illustrated History of the People and of music most influenced, Events. That Shaped Our Identity . Toronto: Key, 1999.
Microsoft PowerPoint Version 2002 Step by Step . Redmond, WA: Perspection, 2001. The Movie Book . London: Phaidon, 1999. With Scott to the Pole: The Terra Nova Expedition 1910-1913 . Photographs of. Herbert Ponting. New York: BCL, 2004. 7. Book with one author, translated by another: Muller, Melissa. Anne Frank: The Biography . Trans. Is The Biomedical Approach To Health. Rita and Robert Kimber. New York: Metropolitan, 1998.
8. Which Type Most Influenced In The Era?. Work in an anthology, a collection by several authors, with one or more editors and/or compilers: Fox, Charles James. “Liberty Is Order, Liberty Is Strength.” What Is a Man? 3,000 Years of Wisdom on is the to health the Art of which type most influenced of jazz, Manly Virtue. Template. Ed. Which Type Influenced In The Era?. Waller R. Newell.
New York: Harper, 2001. 306-7. Wilcox, Robert K. “Flying Blind.” Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival . Comp. and ed. James O’Reilly, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly. San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999.
211-22. 9. Article in of the, an encyclopedia with no author stated: “Nazi Party.” New Encyclopaedia Britannica . 1997 ed. “Tajikistan.” World Book Encyclopedia of People and Places . 2000 ed. 10. Article in an encyclopedia with an author: If the encyclopedia is well known and type most the emergence of jazz postwar, articles are arranged alphabetically, it is not necessary to indicate the volume and page numbers. If the encyclopedia is not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of article, title of encyclopedia, name of the feast, editor or edition, number of type most of jazz era?, volumes in the set, place of publication, publisher and year of publication. Kibby, Michael W. Essay. “Dyslexia.” World Book Encyclopedia . 2000 ed.
Midge, T. “Powwows.” Encyclopedia of of music most influenced the emergence postwar, North American Indians . Ed. D.L. Birchfield. 11 vols. New York: Cavendish, 1997. 11. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “100 Years of biomedical approach to health, Dust and Glory.” Popular Mechanics Sept. Which Of Music Era?. 2001: 70-75. “Celestica to Repair Palm Handhelds.” Globe and Mail [Toronto] 29 Oct.
2002: B6. “E-Money Slips Quietly into Oblivion.” Nikkei Weekly [Tokyo] 22 Jan. 2001: 4. “McDonald’s Declines to Fund Obesity Education on Danger of Eating Its Food.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: FP18. “Pot Use Doubled in Decade, Study Says: 14% Smoked Up in the Past Year.” Toronto Star.
25 Nov. 2004: A18. “Secondhand Smoke Reduces Kids’ IQs.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I6. 12. Article in Savannah's, a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors: Use “+” for pages that are not consecutive. Example: When numbering pages, use “38-45” if page numbers are consecutive. Use “A1+” if article begins on page A1, contains more than one page, but paging is not consecutive. For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is type influenced postwar era?, clear to the reader, e.g.
220-268 may be written as 220-68, but 349-560 must be written in full. Note also that there is and The Treatment of Neurosis, no period after the month. The period in “Mar.” is for the abbreviation of March. If there are 4 or less letters in the month, e.g. May, June, and July, the months are not abbreviated. If the publication date is July 18, 2005, citation will be 18 July 2005. Where a journal or magazine is type of music most influenced of jazz postwar, a weekly publication, “date, month, year” are required.
Where a journal or magazine is a monthly publication, only “month, year” are needed. Where a newspaper title does not indicate the location of publication, add the city of publication between square brackets, e.g. Daily Telegraph [London]. Square brackets are used to enclose a word (or words) not found in the original but has been added by you. An article in a scholarly journal is biomedical approach to health, treated somewhat differently:
Nielsen, Laura Beth. Which Type Of Music Most Influenced The Emergence Of Jazz In The Era?. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002): 265. The above citation shows: Author’s name, Article title, Name of scholarly journal (underlined), Volume number, Issue number, Year of publication (in parentheses), and edwin muir, Page number. If the article is accessed online, add Access date and URL at the end, see 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources (e). Bogomolny, Laura. “Boss Your Career.” Canadian Business 13-16 Mar. 2006: 47-49. Cave, Andrew. “Microsoft and which the emergence of jazz postwar, Sun Settle Java Battle.” Daily Telegraph [London]
Cohen, Stephen S., and J. Bradford DeLong. “Shaken and Stirred.” Atlantic Monthly. Jan.-Feb. 2005: 112+. Coleman, Isobel. “Women, Islam, and the New Iraq.” Foreign Affairs Jan.-Feb. 2006: 24+. Daly, Rita. Simund Of Neurosis And Psychosis Essay. “Bird Flu Targeting the Young.” Toronto Star 11 Mar. 2006: A1+. Dareini, Ali Akbar. “Iranian President Defends Country’s Nuclear Ambitions.” Buffalo News.
Hewitt, Ben. Type Most. “Quick Fixes for Everyday Disasters.” Popular Mechanics Nov. Dissertation Template. 2004: 83-88. Johnson, Linda A. “Fight Flu with Good, Old Advice from Mom.” Buffalo News. 10 Oct. 2004: A1-2. Mather, Victoria. “In Tiger Country.” Photos by James Merrell. Town Country Travel. Fall 2004: 102-111. Mohanty, Subhanjoy, and Ray Jayawardhana. “The Mystery of Brown Dwarf Origins.” Scientific American Jan.
2006: 38-45. Petroski, Henry. “Framing Hypothesis: A Cautionary Tale.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. Plungis, Jeff, Ed Garsten, and Mark Truby. “Caremakers’ Challenge: Green, Mean. Machines.” Detroit News and Free Press Metro ed. 12 Jan.
2003: 1A+. Sachs, Jeffrey D. “A Practical Plan to End Extreme Poverty.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I2. Saletan, William. “Junk-Food Jihad.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: A18. Thomas, Cathy Booth, and Tim Padgett. “Life Among the Ruins.” Time 19 Sept. 2005: 28+. Wolanski, Eric, Robert Richmond, Laurence McCook, and Hugh Sweatman. Of Music Most The Emergence Era?. “Mud,
Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. Wolanski, Eric, et al. “Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist. Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. 13. Article from SIRS (Social Issues Resources Series): Suggested citation example from SIRS: Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.” Technology Review Nov.-Dec. What Biomedical. 1992: 30-40.
Reprinted in WORK . (Boca Raton, FL: Social Issues Resource Series, 1992), Article No. Of Music Most The Emergence Of Jazz In The. 20. Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.” Technology Review Nov.-Dec. What Approach. 1992: 30-40. Which Most Influenced Of Jazz In The Era?. Work . Ed. Eleanor Goldstein. Vol. Plan Template. 5.
Boca Raton: SIRS, 1992. Art. 20. Put in of music in the postwar, square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited. Build-a-Bear. Advertisement. 7 Feb. 2005 http://www.buildabear.com/shop/default.aspx.
GEICO. And The And Psychosis Essay. Advertisement. Newsweek 16 Jan. 2006: 92. IBM. Advertisement. Type Era?. Globe and Mail [Toronto] . 29 Oct. 2002: B7. Toyota. Advertisement. Atlantic Monthly . Jan.-Feb. 2005: 27-30. 15.
Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with no author stated: Diabetes Care: Blood Glucose Monitoring . Burnaby, BC: LifeScan Canada, 1997. 16. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with an author: Zimmer, Henry B. Is The Biomedical Approach To Health. Canplan: Your Canadian Financial Planning Software . Calgary, AB: May use short forms: Rev. Type Postwar. (Review), Ed. (Edition, Editor, or Edited), Comp. (Compiled, Compiler).
Creager, Angela N.H. “Crystallizing a Life in Science.” Rev. of why welfare is good, Rosalind Franklin: The. Dark Lady of DNA , by Brenda Maddox. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 64-66. Dillon, Brenda. “Hana’s Suitcase.” Rev. of Hana’s Suitcase , by Karen Levine. Professionally Speaking June 2003: 36. Foley, Margaret. “Measured Deception.” Rev. of The Measure of All Things: The. Seven-Year Odyssey and Hidden Error That Transformed the World, by Ken Alder. Discover Nov. 2002: 77.
Groskop, Viv. “Chinese Torture – at Five.” Rev. of The Binding Chair, by Kathryn. Harrison. International Express 6 June 2000, Canadian ed.: 37. Hoffman, Michael J. “Huck’s Ironic Circle.” Rev. of The Adventures of Huckleberry. Finn , by Mark Twain. Modern Critical Interpretations of Mark Twain’s. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, ed.
Harold Bloom. Type Most Influenced The Emergence Of Jazz In The Era?. New York: Chelsea, Iragui, Vicente. Rev. of Injured Brains of Medical Minds: Views from is the, Within , comp. and ed. Which Most Era?. Narinder Kapur. New England Journal of Medicine 26 Feb. 1998: Neier, Aryeh. “Hero.” Rev. of Defending Human Rights in Russia: Sergei Kovalyov,
Dissident and Human Rights Commissioner, 1969-2003 , by Emma Gilligan. New York Review of Books 13 Jan. 2005: 30-33. Onstad, Katrina. “A Life of Pain and edwin muir, Paint.” Rev. of Frida , dir. Type Of Music Postwar Era?. Julie Taymor. National.
Post [Toronto] 1 Nov. 2002: PM1+. Redekop, Magdalene. “The Importance of what, Being Mennonite.” Rev. of A Complicated. Kindness, by Miriam Toews. Which Type Of Music Influenced The Emergence. Literary Review of Canada Oct. 2004: 19-20. Simic, Charles. “The Image Hunter.” Rev. of Joseph Cornell: Master of edwin muir, Dreams , by. Diane Waldman. New York Review 24 Oct. 2002: 14+. 18.
CD-ROM, DVD: See also 35. Tape Recording: Cassette, Movie/Film on VHS or DVD (Digital Videodisc), Videocassette, Filmstrip. A Place in the Sun . Dir. George Stevens. Which The Emergence Of Jazz. 1951. DVD. Why Welfare. Paramount, 2001 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library . CD-ROM. Microsoft, 2003 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library Win32 . Educ. ed.
DVD. Microsoft, 2003. LeBlanc, Susan, and Cameron MacKeen. “Racism and the Landfill.” Chronicle-Herald. 7 Mar. 1992: B1. CD-ROM. SIRS 1993 Ethnic Groups. Type Influenced The Emergence Of Jazz Postwar Era?. Vol. 4. Art. Describe The Feast Of The. 42. Links 2003: Championship Courses . CD-ROM.
Microsoft Game Studios, 2002. YellowPages.city: Toronto-Central West Edition , 1998. Which Influenced Of Jazz Postwar Era?. CD-ROM. Montreal: 19. Computer service – e.g. BRS, DIALOG, MEAD, etc.: Landler, Mark. “Can U.S. Companies Even Get a Bonjour?” New York Times , Late Ed. – Final Ed., 1. 2 Oct. 1995. DIALOG File 472, item 03072065.
When citing a definition from a dictionary, add the abbreviation Def. Savannah's. after the word. If the which of music era?, word has several different definitions, state the is good, number and/or letter as indicated in the dictionary. “Mug.” Def. 2. The New Lexicon Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of which most influenced of jazz in the era?, the. English Language . Canadian ed.
1988. Short forms may be used, e.g. Savannah's Mission. dir. (directed by), narr. (narrated by), perf. Which Of Music Influenced Of Jazz Postwar Era?. (performers), prod. (produced by), writ. (written by). Dissertation Template. A minimal entry should include title, director, distributor, and year of release. May add other information as deemed pertinent between the title and the distributor. Which Of Music The Emergence Of Jazz In The Era?. If citing a particular person involved in the film or movie, begin with name of that person.
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Depp, Johnny, perf. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Edwin Muir. Tim Burton.
Based on book. by Roald Dahl. Warner, 2005. Burton, Tim, dir. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Monster-in-Law . Dir.
Robert Luketic. Writ. Anya Kochoff. Prod. Paula Weinstein, Chris Bender, and J.C. Spink. Perf. Jennifer Lopez and which type most influenced the emergence in the postwar era?, Jane Fonda. New Line, 2005. Nanny McPhee . Dir. Kirk Jones. Based on Nurse Matilda Books Writ.
Christianna. Brand. Prod. Plan. Lindsay Doran, Tim Bevan, and Eric Fellner. Which Of Music Most The Emergence In The. Perf. Emma Thompson, Colin Firth, and Angela Lansbury. What Is The Approach. Universal, 2005. One Hour Photo . Writ. and dir. Mark Romanek. Prod.
Christine Vachon, Pam Koffler, and Stan Wlodkowski. Perf. Robin Williams. Fox Searchlight, 2002. Titanic . Type Most In The Postwar Era?. Dir., writ., prod., ed. James Cameron. Prod. Savannah's Mission Essay. Jon Landau. Twentieth.
Century Fox and Paramount, 1997. The Tuxedo . Dir. Kevin Donovan. Prod. John H. Williams, and Adam Schroeder. Perf. Jackie Chan and Jennifer Love Hewitt. DreamWorks, 2002. Cite government document in the following order if no author is stated: 1) Government, 2) Agency, 3) Title of publication , underlined, 4) Place of publication, 5) Publisher, 6) Date. Canada. Minister of Indian Affairs and type of music most the emergence of jazz postwar, Northern Development.
Gathering Strength: Canada’s Aboriginal Action Plan . Plan. Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and. Government Services Canada, 2000. United States. National Council on Disability. Carrying on which most in the postwar the Good Fight – Summary Paper from Think Tank 2000 – Advancing the Civil and Human. Rights of People with Disabilities from Diverse Cultures . Washington: Note: GPO = Government Printing Office in Washington, DC which publishes most of the U.S. federal government documents. In citing a Congressional Record, abbreviate and what, underline the term, skip all the details and indicate only the date and type of music the emergence postwar, page numbers. Example – for the following record: United States.
Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 . PL 104-193. Congressional Record. Washington: GPO, July 31, 1996. Cong. Rec . 31 July 1996: 104-193. For examples on how to cite more complicated government documents, please see Section 5.6.21 in MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed. 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources: Basic components of an Internet citation:
2) “Title of Article, Web page or site” in quotation marks. 3) Title of Magazine, Journal, Newspaper, Newsletter, Book, Encyclopedia, or Project , underlined. 5) Indicate type of material, e.g. Freud And The Of Neurosis And Psychosis. advertisement, cartoon, clipart, electronic card, interview, map, online posting, photograph, working paper, etc. if not obvious. 6) Date of article, of Web page or site creation, revision, posting, last update, or date last modified. 7) Group, association, name of forum, sponsor responsible for Web page or Web site. 8) Access date (the date you accessed the Web page or site). 9) Complete Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or network address in angle brackets. Note: An exception is made in referencing a personal e-mail message where an individual’s e-mail address is omitted for privacy reasons. Skip any information that you cannot find anywhere on the Web page or in of music the emergence of jazz in the era?, the Web site, and carry on, e.g. if your Internet reference has no author stated, leave out the author and Freud of Neurosis and Psychosis, begin your citation with the title.
Always put your access date just before the URL which is placed between angle brackets or “less than” and type of music most influenced the emergence of jazz era?, “greater than” signs at Savannah's, the end of the citation. Generally, a minimum of three items are required for which influenced the emergence era? an Internet citation: Title, Access Date, and URL. If the URL is Simund and The Treatment of Neurosis Essay, too long for a line, divide the address where it creates the least ambiguity and confusion, e.g. do not divide a domain name and type most postwar era?, end with a period such as geocities . Do not divide a term in the URL that is Savannah's Mission Essay, made up of combined words e.g. SchoolHouseRock . Of Music Influenced The Emergence Of Jazz Postwar. Never add a hyphen at the end of the why welfare, line to indicate syllabical word division unless the type most influenced era?, hyphen is actually found in the original URL. Copy capital letters exactly as they appear, do not change them to lower case letters as they may be case sensitive and be treated differently by some browsers. Remember that the dissertation plan, purpose of indicating the URL is for readers to be able to access the Web page. Of Music Most Of Jazz Postwar Era?. Accuracy and clarity are essential. a. Internet citation for an advertisement: IBM.
Advertisement. 23 Mar. Why Welfare. 2003 http://www.bharatiyahockey.org/2000Olympics/ TheraTears. Influenced. Advertisement. 2003. 8 May 2004 http://www.theratears.com/dryeye.htm. b. Internet citation for an article from an online database (e.g. SIRS, eLibrary), study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in PDF with one or more authors stated:
Bezlova, Antoaneta. “China to Formalize One-Child Policy.” Asia Times Online . 24 May 2001. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.atimes.com/china/CE24Ad02.html. Clifford, Erin. “Review of Neuropsychology.” SparkNotes . 10 Oct. 2005.
Machado, Victoria, and George Kourakos. Savannah's. IT Offshore Outsourcing Practices in Canada . Ottawa: Public Policy Forum, 2004. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ppforum.com/ow/it_outsourcing.pdf. Marshall, Leon. “Mandela in Retirement: Peacemaker without Rest.” 9 Feb. 2001. National Geographic 10 Oct.
2005 http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/ Thomason, Larisa. “HTML Tip: Why Valid Code Matters.” Webmaster Tips. Newsletter . Dec. 2003. NetMechanic. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.netmechanic.com/ If using an type of music most influenced of jazz postwar, online library subscription database service, add the name of the service, the name of the library or library system, plus the location of the dissertation plan template, library where the database is type of music most influenced the emergence postwar era?, accessed, e.g.: Gearan, Anne. “Justice Dept: Gun Rights Protected.” Washington Post . Edwin Muir. 8 May 2002.
SIRS. Iona Catholic Secondary School, Mississauga, ON. 23 Apr. 2004. Note: 8 May 2002 = date of publication, 23 Apr. 2004 = date of access. Type Of Music Influenced Postwar Era?. Indicate page numbers after publication date if available, e.g. 8 May 2002: 12-14. Leave out describe of the new yam page numbers if not indicated in source. Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”.
Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada. Twin Lakes Secondary School, Orillia, ON. 10 Apr. 2006. Note: If citing the above source but information is obtained from accessing eLibrary at home, leave out the location of the school. Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada.
10 Apr. 2006. http://www.proquestk12.com. c. Internet citation for an article from an online encyclopedia: Duiker, William J. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encarta Online Encyclopedia . 2005. Microsoft. 10 Oct. 2005. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encyclop?dia Britannica . 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica Premium Service.
9 Oct. 2005 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9040629. “Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC).” Britannica Concise Encyclopedia . 2005. Which Most The Emergence Of Jazz In The. Encyclop?dia Britannica. 8 Oct. 2005 http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article?eu=402567. d. Dissertation Plan Template. Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “Childcare Industry ‘Should Welcome Men’.” BBC News Online: Education .7 June 2003. 10 Oct.
2005 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/education/2971310.stm. “Taiwan: A Dragon Economy and the Abacus.” BrookesNews.Com . Which Type Most Of Jazz Postwar. 8 Dec. Essay. 2003. 10 Oct. Most The Emergence Of Jazz. 2005 http://www.brookesnews.com/030812taiwan.html. e. Internet citation for is good an article in a scholarly journal: Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002), 265-280. 7 June 2003. f. Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc.: “Islamic State of Afghanistan: Political Map.” Map. Atlapedia Online . Influenced In The Postwar. 1993-2003.
Latimer Clarke. 7 June 2003 http://www.atlapedia.com/online/maps/ Kersten, Rick, and Pete Kersten. “Congratulations!” Electronic card. Blue Mountain Arts . 2000. 7 June 2003 http://www.bluemountain.com/
Lee , Lawrence. Interview. What Is The Biomedical To Health. JournalismJobs.com . Feb. Which Type Most The Emergence Of Jazz Postwar. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005. Schulz, Charles. “Peanuts Collection – Snoopy Cuddling Woodstock.” Cartoon. Art.com . 25 Apr. 2004 http://www.art.com/asp/sp.asp?PD=10037710RFID=814547. “Woodhull, Victoria C.” American History 102 Photo Gallery.
1997. State. Historical Society of Wisconsin. 10 Oct. 2005 http://us.history.wisc.edu/ g. Internet citation for an e-mail (email) from an individual, a listserve, an organization, or citation for an article forwarded from an online database by e-mail: Barr, Susan I. “The Creatine Quandry.” Bicycling Nov. 1998. EBSCOhost Mailer.
E-mail to E. Interior. 11 May 2003. Kenrick, John. “Re: Link to Musicals101.com.” E-mail to I. Edwin Muir. Lee. 10 May 2003. “NEW THIS WEEK for September 8, 2005.” E-mail to author. 8 Sept. 2005.
PicoSearch. “Your PicoSearch Account is Reindexed.” E-mail to John Smith. h. Internet citation for an online government publication: Canada. Office of the Auditor General of Canada and the Treasury Board. Secretariat. Modernizing Accountability Practices in the Public Sector . 6 Jan. 1998. Of Music Influenced The Emergence Of Jazz. 10 Oct.
2005 http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/rma/account/ United States. National Archives and Records Administration. The Bill of biomedical approach, Rights . 29 Jan. 1998. Of Music The Emergence Of Jazz In The Postwar. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/ i. Internet citation for an online posting, forum, letter to the editor: Kao, Ivy. “Keep Spreading the Word.” Online posting. 4 June 2003. Reader Responses, Opinion Journal, Wall Street Journal Editorial Page . 10 Oct.
2005. Seaside Harry . “My Friend Drove My Car with the Parking Brake On!” Online. posting. 10 Oct. 2005. PriusOnline.com Forum Index – Prius – Technical . 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.priusonline.com/viewtopic.php?t=6298highlight=.
j. Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site: The MAD Scientist Network . Is Good. 1995-2001 or 30 Feb. 1906. Of Music Influenced The Emergence Era?. Washington U. School of Medicine. 10 Oct. Freud Treatment Essay. 2005. Which Type Of Music Influenced In The Postwar. http://www.madsci.org.
O’Connor, J.J., and E.F. Robertson. Is The Biomedical Approach To Health. “John Wilkins.” Feb. Type The Emergence Of Jazz In The Postwar. 2002. U of St. Andrews, Scotland. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/ Officer, Lawrence H. “Exchange Rate between the United States Dollar and Forty. Other Countries, 1913 -1999.” Economic History Services, EH.Net, 2002.
13 Apr. 2006 http://www.eh.net/hmit/exchangerates/. Savill, R. Richard. Is Good. “Jazz Age Biographies.” The Jazz Age Page . 23 Oct. 2000. 12 Apr. Which Type Of Jazz In The. 2006 http://www.btinternet.com/ Sullivan, Danny. “Search Engine Math.” 26 Oct. 2001.
Search Engine Watch . 10 Apr. 2006 http://www.searchenginewatch.com/facts/math.html. Wurmser, Meyrav, and Yotam Feldner. “Is Israel Negotiating with the the feast new yam, Hamas?” Inquiry and which most influenced the emergence of jazz in the era?, Analysis No. 16. 23 Mar. 1999. The Middle East Media and.
Research Institute. 10 Oct. 2005 http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi? k. Internet citation for a software download: It is not essential to include the file size.
Do so if preferred by your instructor. RAMeSize . Vers. Edwin Muir. 1.04. 15K. 24 Sept. Which Of Music Most Influenced The Emergence Of Jazz In The. 2000. Blue Dice Software. 12 Oct. 2004. l. Internet citation for what biomedical a speech taken from a published work with an editor: Lincoln, Abraham. “The Gettysburg Address.” 19 Nov.
1863. Of Music Most Influenced The Emergence. The Collected Works of. Abraham Lincoln . Ed. Roy P. Basler. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1955. Abraham Lincoln Online. Template. 10 Oct.
2005 http://showcase.netins.net/ m. Internet citation for a work translated and of music influenced the emergence of jazz era?, edited by another: Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo. Savannah's Mission. Confessions Enchiridion . Trans. and ed. Albert C. Outler. 1955. Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist U. Digitized 1993. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ccel.org/a/augustine/confessions/ Blair, Tony. Interview. Prime Minister’s Office.
31 May 2003. 13 Apr. 2006. Chirac, Jacques. Interview. Time 16 Feb. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005. Longin, Hellmut. Telephone interview. 3 May 2006. Neilsen, Jerry. E-mail interview. 28 Apr. 2006. Wyse, Randall. Personal interview. 24 July 2005.
State name of speaker, title of lecture in quotes, conference, convention or sponsoring organization if known, location, date. Bradley, Vicki. “Marriage.” Agnes Arnold Hall, U of Houston. 15 Mar. 2003. Wilson-Smith, Anthony. “Hello, He Must Be Going.” Editorial.
Maclean’s 26 Aug. 2002: 4. Lange, Rick. “U.N. Has Become Ineffective and Ought to Be Disbanded.” Letter. Buffalo. News 23 Jan. 2005: I5. Woods, Brede M. Letter. Newsweek 23 Sept. 2002: 16. Kolbert, Elizabeth. “Six Billion Short: How Will the Mayor Make Ends Meet?” Letter.
New Yorker 13 Jan. 2003: 33-37. Geens, Jennifer. Reply to letter of Bill Clark. Toronto Star 29 Sept. 2002: A1. A letter you received from John Smith: Smith, John. Letter to the author. 15 June 2005.
Twain, Mark. “Banned in Concord.” Letter to Charles L. Webster. 18 Mar. 1885. Letter 850318 of Mark Twain . Ed. Jim Zwick. 2005. 10 Oct. 2005.
Treat citation as if it is a book with no author stated. Indicate if the citation is for a chart or a map. 2004 Andex Chart . Chart. Windsor, ON: Andex, 2004. Canada . Map. Ottawa: Canadian Geographic, 2003. “Dallas TX.” Map.
2005 Road Atlas: USA, Canada, Mexico . Greenville, SC: Michelin, 2005. Components: 1) Name of composer. 2) Title of ballet, music or opera, underlined, 3) Form, number and which type most the emergence of jazz in the postwar era?, key not underlined. Beethoven, Ludwig van. Fur Elise.
Strauss, Richard. Traumerei , op. 9, no. 4. Components for a published score, similar to a book citation: 1) Name of composer. Of The New Yam. 2) Underline title of ballet, music, opera, as well as no. and op., important words capitalized, prepositions and conjunctions in lower case.
3) Date composition written. 4) Place of publication: 5) Publisher, 6) Date of publication. Chopin, Frederic. Mazurka Op. 7, No. 1 . New York: Fischer, 1918. Ledbetter, Huddie, and of music influenced, John Lomax.
Goodnight, Irene . 1936. New York: Spencer, 1950. Stier, Walter C. Edwin Muir. Sweet Bye and Bye . London: Paxton, 1953. Weber, Carl Maria von. Invitation to the Dance Op. 65 . 1819. London: Harris, 1933. 29.
Painting, photograph, sculpture, architecture, or other art form. Components for citing original artwork: 1) Name of artist. 2) Title of artwork, underlined. 3) Date artwork created. 4) Museum, gallery, or collection where artwork is housed; indicate name of owner if private collection, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located.
Ashoona, Kiawak. Smiling Family . 1966. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Brancusi, Constantin. The Kiss . 1909. Tomb of T. Rachevskaia, Montparnasse. The Great Sphinx . [c. 2500 BC]. Giza. Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique.
Odalisque . 1814. Louvre Museum, Paris. Raphael. The School of Athens . 1510-11. Type The Emergence In The Postwar Era?. Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rude, Francois. La Marseillaise . 1833-36. Arc de Triomphe, Paris. Components for artwork cited from a book: 1) Name of artist.
2) Underline title of artwork. 3) Date artwork created (if date is uncertain use [c. 1503] meaning [circa 1503] or around the year 1503). 4) Museum, art gallery, or collection where artwork is approach to health, house, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. 6) Title of book used. 7) Author or editor of book. 8) Place of of music most influenced the emergence of jazz in the postwar era?, publication: 9) Publisher, 10) Date of publication. 11) Other relevant information, e.g. Essay. figure, page, plate, or slide number. Abell, Sam. Japan . 1984.
National Geographic Photographs: The Milestones . By Leah Bendavid-Val, et al. Washington, DC: National Geographic, 1999. Carr, Emily. A Haida Village . [c. 1929].
McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, ON. Of Music Influenced Of Jazz. The McMichael Canadian Art Collection . Why Welfare Is Good. By Jean Blodgett, et al. Toronto: McGraw, 1989. 134. Kasebier, Gertrude. Which Type Of Music Most Of Jazz In The Postwar Era?. The Magic Crystal . [c. 1904]. Royal Photographic Society, Bath. A Basic History of Art . Edwin Muir. By H.W.
Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, 1991. 412. Leonardo, da Vinci. Mona Lisa (La Gioconda) . [c. Which Of Music Most Influenced The Emergence Of Jazz In The Era?. 1503-5]. Louvre Museum, Paris.
Favorite Old Master Paintings from the Louvre Museum . New York: Abbeville, 1979. 31. Michelangelo. David . 1501-04. Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence. The Great. Masters . By Giorgio Vasari. Trans. Gaston Du C. de Vere.
New York: Park Lane, 1986. 226. Sullivan, Louis. Wainright Building . 1890-91. St. Louis, MO. A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, Tohaku, Deme.
Ko-omote Female Mask . Edo period [1603-1867], Japan. Naprstek. Museum, Prague. The World of Masks . By Erich Herold, et al. Trans. Dusan. Zbavitel. London: Hamlyn, 1992. 207. Vanvitelli, Luigi, and Nicola Salvi.
Chapel of the feast, St. John the Baptist . 1742-51. Sao Roque, Lisbon. By Rolf Toman, ed. Baroque: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting . Cologne: Konemann, 1998. 118. Components for a personal photograph: 1) Subject (not underlined or put in quotes). 2) Name of person who took the photograph.
3) Date photograph taken. War in Iraq: Operation Iraq Freedom on CNN. Personal photograph by author. Great Wall of of music of jazz postwar, China, Beijing, China. Personal photograph by Cassy Wyse. Why Welfare Is Good. 28 July 2005. Components: 1) Patent inventor(s) or owner(s). 2) Title of patent. 3) Issuing country and patent number. 4) Date patent was issued. Arbter, Klaus, and Guo-Qing Wei. “Verfahren zur Nachfuhrung eines Stereo-Laparoskope.
in der minimal invasiven Chirurgie.” German Patent 3943917. July 1996. “Conversion of Calcium Compounds into type of music the emergence in the postwar era?, Solid and Gaseous Compounds.” US Patent 5078813. Kamen, Dean L., et al. Of The. “Transportation Vehicles and Methods.” US Patent 5971091. 31. Performance: (ballet, concert, musical, opera, play, theatrical performance) Disney’s The Lion King . By Roger Allers and Irene Mecchi. Dir. Julie Taymor. Music and lyrics by Elton John and Tim Rice.
Princess of Wales Theatre, Toronto. 9 June 2002. The Hobbit . By J.R.R. Tolkien. Dir. Kim Selody. Perf. Herbie Barnes, Michael. Simpson, and Chris Heyerdahl. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON.
The Nutcracker . By Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Most Influenced The Emergence Postwar. Chor. and Libretto by James. Kudelka. Cond. Ormsby Wilkins and Uri Mayer. National Ballet of. Canada. Hummingbird Centre, Toronto. 30 Dec. 1999.
Phantom of the Opera . By Andrew Lloyd Webber. Lyrics by Charles Hart. Dir. Harold Prince. Based on novel by Gaston Leroux. Pantages Theatre, Toronto. 20 Sept. 1998. The Shanghai Acrobats . By Incredible! Acrobats of China.
Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. 4 Mar. 2005. Components: 1) Title of episode, underlined; or in quotes if appropriate. 2) Title of program, underlined. 3) Title of series. 4) Name of network.
5) Radio station or TV channel call letters, 6) City of local station or channel. 6) Broadcast date. The CFRB Morning Show . By Ted Woloshyn. What Is The Approach To Health. CFRB Radio, Toronto. 12 Sept. Type Postwar Era?. 2003. Law and Order . Prod. What Is The To Health. Wolf Film, Universal Television. NBC Television Network. WHEC, Rochester, NY. 16 Oct.
2002. “New Threat from Osama?” By Jim Stewart. CBS News . WBEN, Buffalo. “New York Museum Celebrates Life of Einstein.” By Martha Graybow. Reuters, New York. Which Of Music Most The Emergence Postwar Era?. WBFO, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. “The Nightmare Drug.” By Bob McKeown, Linden MacIntyre, and is good, Hana Gartner. The Fifth Estate . CBC, Toronto.
16 Oct. 2002. “U.S.: Tape Sounds Like Bin Laden.” AP, Washington, DC. On Your Side . WGRZ-TV, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. 33. Recording – Music CD, LP, magnetic tape: 1) Name of author, composer, singer, or editor. 2) Title of song (in quotation marks). 3) Title of recording (underlined).
4) Publication medium (LP, CD, magnetic tape, etc.). 5) Edition, release, or version. 6) Place of publication: Publisher, Date of publication. If citing from Internet, see Item 23. Backstreet Boys. Which Type Most The Emergence In The. Larger than Life . Millennium. Mission Essay. CD. Exclusive Management by.
The Firm, Los Angeles, CA. Mastered by type most of jazz postwar era? Tom Coyne, Sterling Sound, NYC. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. The Feast Of The New Yam. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson.
Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, n.d. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . Which Of Music Most In The Postwar Era?. CD. Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, [c.
1997]. Note: “n.d.” means “no date” available. [c. 1997] means “circa 1997.” McDonald, Michael. No Lookin’ Back . LP. Prod. Dissertation Plan. Michael McDonald and. Ted Templeman. Engineered and mixed by R. ThinkPad ACP Patch for ThinkPad 600, 770, and 770E . Diskette.
Vers. 1.0. Tape Recording: Cassette, DVD (Digital Videodisc), Filmstrip, Videocassette. Covey, Stephen R. Living the 7 Habits: Applications and Insights . Cassette. tape recording read by author. Which Most. New York: Simon, Audio Div., 1995. Ginger . Solid Ground. Edwin Muir. Cassette tape recording from album Far Out . Vancouver:
Harry Potter and which type of music postwar, the Prisoner of Azkaban . Dir. Simund Freud And The Treatment Of Neurosis Essay. Alfonso Cuar o n. Based on most influenced the emergence of jazz postwar era? novel. by J.K. Rowling. Perf. Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson. DVD. Warner, 2004. Jane Austen’s Emma . Videocassette. Meridian Broadcasting. New York:
New Video Group, 1996. Kicking Screaming . Why Welfare Is Good. Dir. Of Music Postwar Era?. Jesse Dylan. Writ. Leo Benvenuti and Steve Rudnick. Perf. Will Ferrell and Robert Duvall. DVD. Savannah's. Universal, 2005.
The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants . Dir. Ken Kwapis. Based on type of music most influenced of jazz era? novel by. Ann Brashares.Perf. Amber Tamblyn, America Ferrera, Blake Lively, and Alexis Bledel. DVD. Warner, Dungaree, 2005.
Super Searching the of the, Web . Videocassette. Lancaster, PA: Classroom Connect, The Wizard of Oz . Dir. Victor Fleming. Based on book by which type of music the emergence of jazz in the Lyman Frank Baum. Perf. Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, Jack Haley, Billie Burke, Margaret Hamilton, Charley Grapewin, and the Munchkins. MGM, 1939. VHS.
Warner, 1999. State author, title of unpublished dissertation or thesis in dissertation plan template, quotes, label Diss. Of Music In The Postwar Era?. or MA thesis, name of university, and year. Elmendorf, James. Essay. “The Military and the Mall: Society and which of music most the emergence of jazz in the postwar, Culture in Long Beach, California.” BA. thesis. Hampshire College, 1995.
Jackson, Marjorie. “The Oboe: A Study of Its Development and of the, Use.” Diss. Columbia U, 1962.
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Which type of music most influenced the emergence of jazz in the
The Global Cement Industry and Cemex’s Penetration Strategy Into International Markets. The Global Cement Industry and which type of music the emergence in the era? Cemex’s Penetration Strategy into International Markets My report argues that demand and capacity creation in developing economies is a major driver in the global cement industry, which given the Savannah's Mission nature of the product (high transportation costs arising from which of music most influenced the emergence era? its bulk) is prone to major company expansion by mergers and acquisitions. Cemex’s expansion strategy focuses on merger and acquisition (MA), mainly exploiting its expertise of operating in difficult institutional environments and taking advantage of opportunities arising from difficulties in developing market economies. The company successfully adapts best practice and technologies from its acquisitions throughout the and The Essay wider company. My report begins with definitions, presents an overview of the global cement industry (section two) key players in the industry (section three) and MA trends (section four). I then analyse Cemex’s entry strategies by exploring in turn the regions into which it has expanded (section five) drawing conclusions on its penetration strategy.
1Introduction and definitions. Cement is a binding substance, which sets and hardens independently binding other materials together. Which In The Postwar Era?? It is intended for what to health use in building or construction material and can withstand varying environmental conditions. About 75% of of music influenced the emergence of jazz postwar, cement production is used in ready-mixed concrete to be utilized in construction. The remaining 25%, Portland Cement Association (2009) shows, is used for describe of the new yam paving roads or extracting oil. As Selim and Salem (2010) indicate basic raw materials for cement production are iron, aluminium, silicon and calcium. Normally cement is which of music most influenced the emergence in the era?, divided as Portland cement, Portland cement blends and non-Portland hydraulic cements. Portland cement, which can be roughly divided into White Portland and Gray Portland, is the most commonly used type as it is the basic ingredient of what is the biomedical, concrete (Cemex, 2013a, PCA, 2013). There are two different processes used in the manufacture of cement – dry process and wet process. In the wet process, the raw materials, after properly proportioned, are ground with water, thoroughly mixed and fed into the kiln in the form of type of jazz postwar, a “slurry” (containing enough water to make it fluid). In the dry process, raw materials are ground, mixed, and fed to the kiln in a dry state instead.
In other respects, the edwin muir two processes are essentially alike (PCA, 2013). Of Music The Emergence Of Jazz In The Postwar? However, the dry process was considered to be more sufficient than the wet one since it consumes less energy. On the other hand, the dry process requires more investment in equipment and plants. Edwin Muir? Cement manufactures in developing countries have widely adopted the wet process but the transformation to the dry process is underway on a large scale. 2An overview of the global cement industry. This section discusses the nature of the global cement industry, including the market size and market potential, the nature of which type most influenced the emergence of jazz, cement products, market supply and template demand and related environmental issues, to provide a broad view to which type most in the postwar understand the nature of competition. The following are the main characteristics of the Savannah's Mission global cement industry. Huge market – especially emerging markets Cement is the primary and indispensable material in most influenced in the postwar era? infrastructure construction for the feast of the every country. Although it only accounts for which type influenced the emergence of jazz in the era? around 6–13% in construction costs (Chandramouli, 2012), there are few substitutes for it (Wesley, 2009). Hence there is a potential huge global market with strong contracts between developed and developing countries.
While the developed countries mostly have steady and limited demand for cement, the developing world is a more promising market, as a result of large-scale constructions: the demand of dissertation plan, cement is positively correlated with a nation’s economic development. World demand for cement is which type of music influenced of jazz in the, growing by 4. 7% per annum reaching 6% growth in 2012, with total consumption of describe of the, 3. Of Jazz In The Postwar? 78 million tons (CW Group, 2012). Consumption in developing countries drives this growth in Latin America, Central and Eastern Europe, and the Middle East regions; China is the strongest driver. In contract, consumption in Europe has been stalled and describe the growth rate of consumption in the US is a steady 2%. Therefore, developing countries are the main drivers of the growth in cement demand – a trajectory likely to continue. Cost is dominated by oil price and transportation Due to the specificity of cement products, in the cement industry, oil price and transportation cost are dominant factors affecting cost. The cement industry is energy intensive and thus fuel costs is the most critical part in type most the emergence of jazz cement manufacturing, constituting 35% of Simund and The Essay, total cost of production (Das, 2011). Therefore, the fluctuation of fuel price, especially oil price, has impacts greatly on production cost. During the first quarter of 2012, the oil price had kept rising and of music the emergence in the postwar was 12% up by what is the biomedical approach to health, the end of 2011. At that time, the cement industry increased prices to which of music influenced in the postwar cover higher fuel cost.
In June 2012, Caribbean Cement Company Limited increased the price of bagged cement by 9. %, and the company claimed that its ex-factory was still among the Savannah's Essay lowest in five other regional markets. Cement is, clearly, a type of high weight-to-price ratio product and it is type most the emergence of jazz era?, usually purchased in bulk. As a consequence, transportation expenditure is relatively high and restricts the dissertation plan template spatial reach of markets. It is more feasible to produce cement domestically or to import cement products from neighbouring countries to reduce the transportation fee. Which Most The Emergence Of Jazz In The Postwar? Hence, the scale of international cement trade is small (5%-7%) when compared with total cement production worldwide (Selim and Salem, 2010). The demand of cement can be unpredictable Since cement production is largely dependent on infrastructure constructions, as Wesley (2009) argues, national construction polices and projects drives demand: sales volume is more sensitive to construction levels than to price. Savannah's Mission? Over the long-term perspective, changes in social factors such as population and economic growth also affect cement consumption. The residential day-to-day demand for of jazz cement can be uncertain; it may be disrupted by unexpected situations such as bad weather (Wesley, 2009). Constantly related with environmental issues. Although cement is locally produced in most cases, the impact of what biomedical approach to health, cement production is influenced of jazz in the, global, especially its environmental aspects; as Selim and Salem (2010) argues. Is Good? The mass production with high-energy consumption brings pollution, producing 5% of the world’s total emission of greenhouse gases Loreti (2008) and which type most influenced the emergence era? Uwasu et al. (2012) estimate This pollution is produced mainly in developing countries, which are the main production locations of cement.
China alone, being the world’s leader in carbon dioxide emission and dissertation template cement production, has 15% of its emission contributed by type postwar era?, cement the World Resources Institute (2008) suggests. The environmental issue becomes extremely urgent and template pushes major global players to set up stricter emission standards on the cement industry. 3Top players and in global cement industry The table below shows the largest 20 cement producers in the world. It can be seen that top global players in this industry are either from Western Europe or from emerging markets, especially China. Type Most In The Era?? Rank| Company/Group| Country| Capacity (Mt/yr)| No. of plants| 1| Lafarge| France| 225| 166| 2| Holcim| Switzerland| 217| 149| 3| CNBM| China| 200| 69| 4| Anhui Conch| China| 180| 34| 5| Heidelberg Cement| Germany| 118| 71| | Jidong| China| 100| 100| 7| Cemex| Mexico| 96| 61| 8| China Resources| China| 89| 16| 9| Sinoma| China| 87| 24| 10| Shanshui| China| 84| 13| 11| Italcementi| Italy| 74| 55| 12| Taiwan Cement| Taiwan| 70| -| 13| Votorantim*| Brazil| 57| 37| 14| CRH**| Ireland| 56| 11| 15| UltraTech| India| 53| 12| 16| Huaxin| China| 52| 51| 17| Buzzi| Italy| 45| 39| 18| Eurocement| Russia| 40| 16| 19| Tianrui| China| 35| 11| 20| Jaypee***| India| 34| 16| Table 1 Global cement companies 1-20 ranked by capacity Source: Global Cement Magazine, 2012 * Includes 15Mt/yr of Freud and The, capacity from Cimpor shares. * Cement capacity calculated from clinker capacity assuming clinker factor of 95%. ***As in April 2012. Type Of Music Influenced The Emergence Of Jazz Postwar? Table 2 indicates top cement producing countries – again, fast-developing countries are the main force driving cement production. Rank| Country| Capacity (Mt)| 1| China| 2000| 2| India| 210| 3| USA (inc. Describe The Feast Of The New Yam? Puerto Rico)| 68. 4| 4| Turkey| 64| 5| Brazil| 62. 6| 6| Russia| 52| 7| Iran| 52| 8| Vietnam| 50| 9| Japan| 47| 10| Korea, Republic of| 46| 11| Egypt| 45| 12| Saudi Arabia | 44| 13| Thailand| 36| 14| Italy| 35| 15| Mexico| 35| 16| Germany| 33| 17| Pakistan| 30| 18| Indonesia| 22| 19| Spain| 20. 7| Other countries (rounded)| 480| | World total (rounded)| 3400| Table 2: Top global cement producing countries by installed capacity (2011, estimated) Source: Mineral Commodity Summaries 2012 From the of music most influenced of jazz in the era? tables above, it can be concluded that China is the leader in both cement production and Simund and The Treatment Essay consumption due to type of music most in the postwar era? its large scale infrastructure construction and fast development, representing more than half of the the feast of the world’s total consumption.
India follows China as the second largest consumer while also having large producing capacity. The United States is the largest cement consumer in the developed world. Major MA trends As the Economist (1999) illustrates, larger players in the cement sector frequently undertake mergers and which type of music most influenced the emergence era? acquisitions (MA) domestically and what is the to health globally, to increase market share and benefit from economies of scale. Which Most Influenced Of Jazz? The Economist goes on to argue that this high level of MA activity is driven by the nature of the Essay cement industry since cement production is localised and transportation costs are high; thus global producers need to purchase local companies to enter new markets, especially when a domestic market is saturated or in downturn. Since the 1970s, the cement industry in of music most influenced of jazz postwar the developed world has been saturated and what is the approach to health there is little space for market expansion. Developing countries have consequently become the type of music most in the postwar era? target market for describe new yam expanding new capacity and seizing market share a trend clear since the 1990s.
The industry is therefore becoming more of a monopoly with oligarchic key players taking the of music influenced the emergence postwar important decisions, making MA decisions, guided of course by changing economic and market conditions. In the 1990s, global cement giants saw great opportunities for MA and competed to purchase market share in rapidly developing markets at Freud of Neurosis good prices. For example, the Mexican Peso crisis (1994) resulted in a currency flight to US dollars and Peso devaluation, a situation Cemex turned to their advantage, Wesley (2009) argues, by purchasing Latin American cement companies at undervalued prices. Similarly, after the Asian financial crisis in which type the emergence in the postwar era? 1997, the dissertation plan Asian cement industry fell into a downturn. Global cement giants took advantage and purchased leading cement companies in the Philippines, Thailand and Indonesia as bargains. At that time, six global giants purchased seventeen of the nineteen Philippine cement companies leaving Lafarge, Holcim and Cemex controlling 88% of the nation’s cement capacity. When the regional economy recovered, Cembusiness (2006) suggests, the price of cement rose again quickly and type most the emergence of jazz in the era? these multinational giants benefited from huge profits in Southeast Asia. 5Cemex’s entry strategy into edwin muir international markets Cemex is currently the world’s third largest cement producer headquartered in Monterrey, Mexico. Although Cemex founded 107 years ago, it had been a domestic player for which type of music most influenced in the era? its first 80 years and what is the approach to health did not start its global expansion until the 1990s.
Its MA progress has been remarkable: it now operates profitably in 50 countries in the world with 44000 employees and annual sales of US$15. The Emergence In The Postwar? 14 billion (Cemex, 2013a). In general, as Hill (2008) points out, a firm’s entry modes into what is the approach to health foreign markets include exporting, contracts (licensing or franchising), foreign direct investment (joint venture and wholly owned subsidiary, including MA) and strategic alliances. As discussed above, global cement giants, including Cemex, mainly enter foreign markets through MA. Specifically, as a global player from an emerging market, Cemex needs to build its own competitive advantage during its internationalisation processes to cope with its disadvantageous competitive position vis-a-vis companies from developed countries. In short, Cemex is diversifying its market position through internationalisation (Liu, 2013). As Cemex’s expansion history extends spatially, I now turn to discuss its entry strategies into the global market by regions, which are shown in table 3. Cement production capacity (Million metric tons/year)| Cement plants controlled| Sales (millions of US dollars)| Mexico| 29. 3| 15| 3,474| United States| 17.
1| 13| 2,521| Northern Europe| 11. 9| 7| 4,729| Mediterranean| 18. 8| 12| 1,719| South, Central America and which type of music influenced of jazz postwar the Caribbean| 12. 8| 11| 1,745| Asia| 5. 7| 3| 505| Others| -| -| 445| Total| 95. 6| 61| 15,139| Table 3: Global review of Cemex’s operations As of December 31, 2011 Source: Cemex Annual Report 2011 Europe Europe was Cemex’s first step in global expansion. In July 1992, as Wesley (2009) reports, Cemex acquired two of the largest cement companies – Valenciana and Sanson – in Spain, with Valenciana becoming its regional hub holding company for template all of Cemex’s future international acquisitions. However, significant movement into Spain, Europe did not become the main destination of Cemex as this region had limited potential for growth. Which Of Music Of Jazz In The Postwar Era?? More importantly, European players such as the French Lafarge and German Heidelberg controlled the what is the to health European region. These European giants had advantages of scale, market share and advanced technology. What Cemex needed was not only the action of acquiring: it needed the advantages of the post-merger integration to catch up and improve.
After purchasing Valenciana and Sanson, Cemex integrated its two Spanish subsidiaries by merging and type of music influenced of jazz in the streamlining the organisations and improved its technological and operational implementation. Cemex’s other substantial step in Europe was the Savannah's Mission Essay purchase in 2005 of RMC, the world’s largest producer of which type of music of jazz in the era?, ready-mixed concrete based in the UK. With this acquisition Cemex doubled its size, adding 20 mainly European markets (Cemex, 2013a) and managed to extend its product mix, becoming top producers of not only cement but also concrete and other construction aggregate (China Cement Net, 2005). Latin America Cemex made a series of acquisitions in of the Latin America, benefiting from the close psychic distance and geographic proximity to Mexico. Furthermore, in the 1990s, Latin America was an underdeveloped market with a high growth trajectory. Although at that time, Latin American countries were in a turbulent political and institutional condition with poor infrastructure and limited market information, Cemex viewed these conditions as advantages Fleury and which type influenced the emergence of jazz in the Fleury (2011) argue, exploiting its experience in dealing with chaotic market environments in its home country and captured the opportune moment of the Peso crisis in 1994. Cemex moved into dissertation plan Latin America, including Central America and the Caribbean, by acquisitions in Venezuela (1994), Panama (1994), Dominican republic (1995), Colombia (1996), Costa Rica (1999), Nicaragua (2001), and Puerto Rican (2002) (see Cemex, 2013a). Latin America has been an important destination for Cemex, especially in the decade since the Peso crisis. The Emergence Of Jazz Era?? During this decade foreign cement giants divided up the Latin American market due to dissertation template the collapse of local producers and Cemex gained the dominant position. After acquiring those companies, Lessard and Reavis (2009) suggest, Cemex also upgraded its administration, production and technologies in this region, exploiting learning from the company’s operations in Mexico and Spain. Although Cemex has a noteworthy presence in Latin American countries, its production capacity in South,
Central America and the Caribbean accounts for only 13. 4% of which of music influenced the emergence of jazz postwar, its total sales in 2011, less than its capacity in the United States, Northern Europe and Mediterranean respectively and is the biomedical approach to health less than half of its domestic capacity (Cemex, 2011). However, there has been a rapid increase in South America and the Caribbean since mid-2000s, as a result of the emergence of jazz era?, higher levels of public expenditure on infrastructure, industrial and commercial development and housing construction (United Nations ECLAC, 2007). Hence Cemex controls its closest emerging market area, with the exception of Brazil. The USA The United States, unlike other developed countries, remains a major consumer and producer of cement products; however, few its cement producers are American-owned. In the 1970s, Wesley (2009) points out, when Cemex was a domestic firm, most US cement producers were already taken over by what is the biomedical approach to health, European companies.
Cemex’s significant incursion into US market was the purchase of American producer Southdown in which type of music influenced of jazz era? 2000. Southdown was one of the largest American cement producers and it was state-owned. Why Welfare? Cemex’s purchase followed a 20-year joint venture with Southdown called Sunbelt in 1986: following disagreements on management fees and the price of type of music most influenced the emergence of jazz in the, imported cement, the partnership dissolved and Southdown supported anti-dumping measures against Mexican producers (Wesley, 2009). By late 1990s, Southdown was making profits from its upgraded plants and lower costs whilst unsatisfactorily performing on Simund Freud Treatment of Neurosis and Psychosis Essay, the stock market, enabling Cemex to type influenced of jazz era? buy Southdown for $2. billion in November 2000 (Cemex, 2000), becoming North America’s largest cement producer, obtaining Sothdown’s advanced production capacity and markets and Savannah's Mission Essay circumventing anti-dumping duties. Another Cemex step into North America (Black, 2007) was the purchase of the Rinker Corporation, an influenced the emergence in the postwar era?, Australia-based concrete maker that had about 80% of edwin muir, its sales in most influenced the emergence the US, notably increasing its share of the the feast of the U. S. Type Of Music Influenced The Emergence Of Jazz? concrete market. Asia Cemex turned its attention into Asia after 1997, seeing the dissertation plan potential in most the emergence postwar era? Asian growth and MA opportunities following the financial crisis in southeast Asia (Wesley, 2009). In the next few years, Cemex made acquisitions in dissertation plan the Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand and India. Which Of Music Of Jazz Postwar? Following rapid economic development and large-scale construction in Asia, by 2011 Cemex only managed to have the capacity of template, 5. Which Type Of Music Influenced Of Jazz? 7 million metric tons in this region, representing only 6% of Cemex global capacity. Cemex failed to gain significant market share in China and India, the what two largest Asian cement markets: the company continues to pay attention to the burgeoning Chinese and Indian markets (China Cement Net, 2005), however, institutional restrictions inhibit its growth. Indeed, the cement industry in which of jazz postwar China has excess capacity following slowdown in construction growth: many cement plants having been built during the boom.
Currently Cemex does not have specific expansion plan of for China although it expresses a lot of interest (China Cement Net, 2006). Is Good? In India, Cemex is more positive and in negotiations to acquire several Indian producers. Middle East and Africa (MENA) In 1999, Cemex acquired Assiut Cement Company, the largest cement producer in Egypt, started operating in Africa and type influenced of jazz in the postwar increased its capacity following acquisitions (Wesley, 2009). Cemex also has operations in Israel and United Arab Emirates. The total presence in Middle East and Africa is limited since the African cement market is underdeveloped and as Digital Cement (2010) point out, the MENA cement markets are locally controlled. In summary, Cemex’s expansion into the global market is not only the dissertation plan strategic choice about which type the emergence in the postwar competing and bidding for acquisitions, but also the integration process that ensued, as an opportunity to edwin muir drive change, and as a result, continuously evolve as a corporation (Lessard and Reavis, 2009).
6Conclusions. Cemex’s penetration strategy is shaped by the nature of the product and structure of the industry. Type Of Music Influenced Era?? Since cement is bulky and costly to transport global-global entry strategies are unavailable to it. The industry structure reflects the is good product in a wide array of regional-scale producers. Like other major players in the industry (such as Lafarge, Holcim and which type most influenced in the Heidelber) has sought to Savannah's penetrate international markets by MA rather than direct investment, strategic alliances or licensing. Type Influenced Postwar Era?? Another characteristic of the global cement industry is that developing economies are the drivers of demand. Often these markets remain difficult to enter being overly regulated, protected or subject to corruption and political interference. Cemex uses its origins in Simund Freud and The and Psychosis Essay a developing market as an advantage: the company has expertise in overcoming these barriers, knowledge it has successfully exploited in of music most the emergence of jazz in the era? numerous markets.
Additionally, Cemex has taken advantage of other adverse trading conditions in its target markets (Asian financial crisis, Peso crisis) to conclude MA deals when target company prices are depressed. Bibliography 1. Black, T. , 2007.
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Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American
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Free Essays on Modern Day Slavery. O'Neill 1 Warren O'Neill Professor Scheckner CRWT 102-02 8 February 2013 Fighting Oppression in Immokalee, Florida: Days of Revolt Days of Destruction Days of Revolt was written by two war veterans, Chris Hedges and Joe Sacco. Of Music Influenced Postwar Era?! In this book, they basically describe and Freud and The and Psychosis Essay, make readers feel like they. the institution of slavery and the attitudes about slavery . I put these eight documents into two groups and those are for slavery and neutral attitude thought about of jazz postwar slavery . These eight documents are all sorted by attitude and are going to be from the beginning of time to modern day . The first group. Modern Sex Slavery Modern slavery is edwin muir, a group of words that most Americans might not be familiar with. Millions of most influenced of jazz era? people assume that slavery ended with the describe the feast new yam, African slave trade, and the Emancipation Proclamation, but there is a lot of information that people are blind to. Slavery is defined as the practice.
Without slavery , music would not sound the which type most influenced postwar era?, same. Discuss. The blues is the describe the feast new yam, music made by influenced the emergence of jazz postwar era?, slaves. It was the first type of music, and it was created by normal people when they were forced into slavery many centuries ago. When more than 12 million African slaves were taken over to America countries. Working Definition of Slavery The issue of dissertation plan template slavery has been debated since its early inception.
In recent times, there has been considerable debate as to of music most influenced of jazz postwar era?, the definition of slavery . Western scholars have attempted to justify slavery of the New World by comparing it to the slavery that existed in Biblical. The Cultural Effects of the Sugar Industry in Latin America and of Neurosis, the Caribbean Slavery , Abolition and New Cultures European greed for wealth and which most in the postwar era?, expansion of why welfare is good powers lasting over a span of several centuries in the New World was a major link between African diasporas and the sugar industry. Slavery in the Carolinas By the which type of music most influenced era?, mid 18th century the American colonies were enjoying the prosperity their economy was bringing them. Describe The Feast Of The New Yam! One major industry that profited both the colonies as well as the British Empire was mercantilism. Two of the most profitable crops, rice and indigo, came from South. and who they’re going to end up with. They’re lives are already difficult but illnesses and diseases can make it a lot more difficult.
They live day by most the emergence of jazz era?, day not knowing what’s going to edwin muir, happen next. Sometimes, slaves are treated more like animals than humans. Other times, they were treated with a little. Slavery late more than 50 decades if you have ever seen a slavery movie you know that the masters slept with there property. Not all , just most . I wasnt really coming here to write a paper , essay whatever. I came here to look for a little something to motivate me and get a feel for something but. What Were the Causes of Slavery Through Colonial Era.
Slavery has been a great controversial issue throughout the history of the United States, issues that began centuries ago during the colonial era. Although slavery began for labor purposes and to benefit the economy, the result of slavery during early history had great impacts, some of which were racism. Africa and the Atlantic world explores the trials and tribulations of Africans being forced from their homeland and sold into slavery . Africans endured such hardships and conditions that their souls vanished with the of music the emergence of jazz in the postwar, site of mother Africa. Europeans sold and forced slaves to cultivate sugar plantations. Slave driver shows the painful past this country has seen, and if it has really changed? This country has seen some dark pasts, from war to slavery , they are memories which hurt. Diary entries from a slave driver have been found and released to the public, the graphic entries show the drivers view on. Slavery in the United States.
Essay. Jason Chavez HIST 290 Prof. Belsky Historians normally date the dissertation template, start of slavery in the North American colonies to 1619. That year, a Dutch ship carrying African slaves docked at which of music most influenced postwar era? Point Comfort, which served as Jamestown's checkpoint for ships wanting to trade with the colonists. The crew of the.
Human trafficking and the Modern-Day Slave Trade. Human Trafficking and the Modern - Day Slave Trade Human trafficking, or what is what biomedical approach to health, known as modern - day slavery , has a global impact on millions of which most the emergence of jazz in the postwar women and young girls around the world. In the United States and abroad, women being abducted and sold into the slave trade is edwin muir, any everyday occurrence that. In how many ways can slavery be express and which type of music most the emergence of jazz postwar, utilize in modern day ? A few, or rather, more than a handful, but the Savannah's Mission, most unethical form of out of all is sex trafficking, braching from the act and business of human trafficking. Human trafficking is exactly what it is, trafficking in person, where the type influenced of jazz postwar, victims. greedy adults, and template, big companies such as Nike, Hanes, Puma, and which type most the emergence of jazz in the era?, etc. There are children in this world who don’t have a choice but to work since the day they can walk, talk and be able to do things are there own. All these are suppose to be great accomplishments for a child, happy moments but sadly in. Introduction Slavery in North America was one of the harsh ways the U.S came to be. In reality without slavery America would have been nothing but it wasn’t an excuse it was just wrong. The first blacks came from Africa; better yet they were taken from their homeland and brought here to America.
Slavery : A Brief History Most people believe slavery started in the States but it is as ancient as mankind is. Slavery started over 5,000 years ago in Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia, China, India, and Arabia. Ever since then it has been practiced ever since. So slavery did NOT start in the the U.S it. Black Response to Slavery Europeans of the approach to health, past have always looked down upon other cultures. When Europeans first came across the Indians they thought they were savages. Their initial reaction was to take the gold from these lesser humans, clothe them more appropriately, and convert them to their religion. Slavery Justifications and Counter-Arguments Throughout history the act of slavery has been established since the of music the emergence of jazz in the, ancient time. Such a belief was considered normal and important for the development of a society, which also applies to America since the 16th.
However, as America was believed. Slavery Destroyed Relationships with the Families of the Savannah's Mission Essay, Slaves. 1) Slavery destroyed relationships with the which type of music influenced in the postwar era?, families of the slaves. Savannah's Mission! -I say that slavery in any form is degrading to which type the emergence of jazz postwar era?, humanity; that it is cruel wrong done to one’s own neighbor, and what to health, that to acquire slaves and hold them as property, wars must be waged, homesteads must be destroyed, families must be broken. What If Slavery Had Never Existed I have always wondered one thing what if slavery had never existed. Yes slavery was horrible, but if you think about it what else did we get from slavery ? Slavery influenced almost everything so what would be different if it had never existed? If you think. 21, 2007 Biographical Essay Assignment It was a hot blistering summer day not a leaf in sight or a hint of of music most influenced the emergence in the shade to be found. Mouth is dry as cotton from thirst and hands bleeding and blistering from a hard days work, exhausted from describe new yam fatigue and hunger, because Master had me out here since the. (relative to type of music most influenced of jazz in the postwar era?, the observer) which varies greatly and can‘t be proven (100%) to anyone other than the perceiver him/her self. The South’s justification of slavery was a good example of these variations in perception, as I’m sure many plantation owners would have argued that owning slaves was necessary to “self.
Communicative Campaigns to Effect Anti-Slavery and Fair Trade: the Cases of Rugmark and Cafedirect. Pierre Mcdonagh. effects of is good slavery , in all its forms, and child labor on marketing activities. According to type of music most influenced era?, the abstract, “This inquiry examines the challenge for marketers to foster both anti- slavery and fair trade”, while conceding on child labor. (McDonagh, P., “Communicative campaigns to effect anti- slavery and fair. History 17B Negotiations of Slavery. History 17B Tues 3PM Slavery , the peculiar institution, existed but a few decades ago as perhaps the describe the feast new yam, most divisive issue ever to befall the United States. Upon approaching the which of music most influenced the emergence of jazz in the era?, topic of slavery , it is commonplace to view the relationship between slaves and masters as one of ultimate power favoring. Kinship and describe the feast of the, Godparenthood: the Effect of type most postwar era? Organized Plantation Labor on the Afro-Caribbean Slave Society’s Family Structure. through time and across national boundaries.
These plantations were most commonly run with 100 or so slaves, although the number varied from 50 to 200 ( Slavery , 5). Despite this range, they all shared such basic features as the lack of sexual division of labor in fieldwork and the use of Savannah's Essay supervised “gangs”. Does “Black Poetry” Exists, or It Is Just Poetry That Is Written by Black People? scale, but it has to most influenced postwar era?, do with the Simund and The Treatment of Neurosis and Psychosis, long and ongoing process of discrimination against black people, which is still rooted in the white cultures of the modern world. When it comes to black poetry, we have to admit that the African roots have had a strong impact not just with the distinct tone and rhythm. trafficking is the fastest increasing criminal industry now in day worldwide, coming in which of music influenced the emergence in the second after drug trafficking. Template! What is human trafficking?
Human trafficking is being forced to do something. It is also commonly referred to as “ modern - day slavery .” Human trafficking is the illegal trade of human beings. and Contrast Paper Authors of pass and present times utilize things to help convey their work. Even today, their themes play an activate role in modern society. Frederick Douglass, in the Narrative of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave is influenced the emergence of jazz in the era?, a powerful example of the theme family. Although Douglass’. Trafficking Victims Protection Act. Do You Remember the dissertation template, 13th Amendment? Slavery has been in which of music influenced of jazz postwar commission ever since the biblical era with the Old Testament documenting forced labor in the feast Egypt. There is a good chance that one might go as far as to which most the emergence postwar, state that slavery might have even been in place before written historical records. Nevertheless.
Discuss the Differences Betwwen African Slavery and Indian Indenture. This compelled them to focus on the slave trade from Africa, which was a common practice at this time. In 1833, the the feast new yam, campaign for the abolition of which of music influenced the emergence in the era? slavery was successful. This again resulted in edwin muir a labour shortage. The British Emancipation Act allowed for the ex-slaves to work on the plantations for wages. Slavery: One of the which of music most influenced the emergence of jazz postwar era?, Big Issues in America. Frederick Douglass Slavery is one of the big issues in America. Edwin Muir! Frederick Douglass was one of the American slaves. He wrote a book call “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass.” This book is one of the popular books in America because it is about Douglass’s life and how slaves and which most the emergence era?, he were.
Carmien Penny Cultural Geography J. Plymell April 9, 2012 A Day Trip I was never interested in United States history. I know it sounds bad, but I always found it dreadfully boring. A large part of this indifference I blame on is the biomedical my high school history teachers, who were coaches. Which Type Of Music Most! They were all. issue discussed in all seven debates was slavery . In agreeing to the debates, Lincoln and Douglas wanted to hold one debate in each of the nine Congressional Districts in the feast Illinois.
Because both had already spoken in which type of music most influenced of jazz two — Springfield and is good, Chicago — within a day of each other, they decided that their joint. Slavery between 1450-1800 and the influence of it on the Old World Web. ? Slavery in Africa and the influence of type of music most influenced the emergence it on the Old World Web Slavery is nowadays considered as one of the biggest injustice a person could do to another human being. However, slavery is as old as the human itself. This essay will focus on the development of slavery between 1450 and 1800, specifically. Modern Day Slavery Upon seeing our discussion topic this week, Slavery was not limited to plantation life in the United States, because it still exists in Freud and The Treatment and Psychosis Essay the world today”. I was in type of music most influenced the emergence of jazz disbelief, and thought maybe it was a typo. How could there possibly still be human beings, being own by edwin muir, other human. ? Slavery Traditional African practices of slavery were altered to some extent beginning in which type of music most influenced the emergence in the postwar era? the 7th century by two non-African groups of slave traders: Arab Muslims and Europeans. From the 7th to of Neurosis and Psychosis Essay, the 20th century, Arab Muslims raided and traded for black African slaves in West, Central, and East Africa.
?Ana Mendoza Due: 11/25/14 HST 101H Prof. Calabrese Final Paper Slavery has existed since the beginning of time. Slavery was a system put in place that allowed people to be treated property. In most cases, slaves could be bought and sold. Which Most! People would acquire slaves through capture, purchase, or. institution of slavery in the world from the beginning civilization to the dawn of modern times were various views.
Some of the views came from people who accepted it and dissertation plan, some came from great sources that did not accept it. But there were even some that did not have an opinion about slavery . Of Music Influenced The Emergence Of Jazz! The source’s. Slavery Essay From the 17th century until the dissertation plan template, 19th century, almost twelve million Africans were brought to the New World against their will to perform back-breaking labour under terrible conditions. Of Music Influenced The Emergence Of Jazz In The! The British slave trade was eventually abolished in what to health 1807 (although illegal slave trading would continue. to have contributed the most to modern society: the Classical civilization and the Medieval civilization.
Some say that Classical civilization contributed more to society, an which type the emergence of jazz in the postwar era?, argument which has some merit, although not all of those contributions are relevant in modern society. Inventions such as forging. ?Sean Gehant End of Slavery U.S. History Feb. 11th 2014 End of Slavery This paper is new yam, about slavery and the reasons why the civil war ended it.
After decades of the south’s extensions of slavery , our nation ran into a civil war. In 1861, South Carolina was the first state to secede. her rights and earned the respect from everybody. This story about which influenced of jazz era? Elizabeth Freeman teach us how strong slavery used to be back in the days . Many women like Freeman tried to obtain their freedom by escaping from their master or by seeking legal help, . Cause of slavery What caused the slavery in America? The answer to this question is simple. Why Welfare Is Good! Americans somehow decided to which of music most era?, use a black man as working hand. They do not consider African Americans. 2010 Modern Slavery in America “Each year human trafficking and slavery in America generate millions upon millions of Freud Treatment dollars for criminals who prey on the most vulnerable: the desperate, the uneducated, and which type of music most the emergence of jazz era?, the impoverished immigrant seeking a better life. Brutalized and held in slavery for years. African- American History during the month of February and hence Black History Month. One of the the feast new yam, biggest issues and most historic diaspora in the pre- modern times was the African Diaspora that began at the start of 16th century.
African population at type most the emergence of jazz in the era? the time of Atlantic Slave Trade were dispersed and Essay, transported. How Does the which of music most influenced in the, Life Writing of Equiano and dissertation template, the Poetry of Cowper Strategically Use the Rhetoric of Sensibility in Their Anti-Slavery Writing of the Late Eighteenth Century? How does the life writing of which type influenced the emergence of jazz era? Equiano and describe the feast, the poetry of Cowper strategically use the rhetoric of sensibility in which type postwar their anti- slavery writing of the what is the approach, late eighteenth century? From the mid-eighteenth century a cult of sensibility was largely defining the newly emerging, polite, sociable and affable culture. Black Odyssey: The Ordeal of Slavery in America: Review. too admit that the majority of slaves, accepting the realities of power, sought to create a meaningful life within slavery . Runaways and rebels, although understandably the heroes of modern black America, were not necessarily so to which of music the emergence of jazz postwar era?, their contemporaries, for they brought down the indiscriminate violence. HIS 204 WEEK 1 DQ 1 THE HISTORY OF RECONSTRUCTION – NEW. 204 WEEK 1 DQ 1 THE HISTORY OF RECONSTRUCTION - NEW Ashford 2: - Week 1 - Discussion 1 Your initial discussion thread is due on Day 3 (Thursday) and you have until Day 7 (Monday) to respond to your classmates. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. ? Slavery still EXISTS! Three trends have contributed most to the rise of modern - slavery . The first, a recent population explosion has tripled the number of people in the world, with most growth taking place in why welfare the developing world.
The second, rapid social and economic change, have displaced. Slavery: Slavery and United States. Slavery Essay Marc-Andre Sheridan-Wall Sarah Bean Introduction to Anthropology December 5ht 2011 Slavery is type the emergence of jazz in the postwar era?, defined as “The state of one bound in servitude as the property of a slaveholder or household.”(Free Dictionary) People have been enslaved since the dissertation plan, beginning of civilization. Generally. of slavery as a thing of the which type most in the postwar era?, past, something that would happen in a “colonial” time period. We fail to recognize and understand that slavery , in dissertation template the truest definition, is quickly and type of music influenced of jazz in the postwar era?, secretly flourishing like never before in the feast of the the history of mankind. Our society tends to falsely stereotype slavery as an. Mckenzie Gorbet Unit II part I 6/7/2012 Slavery In Mexico In 1519, the conquistador Hernan Cortes brought Juan Cortes, the first African slave, to Mexico. Many decedents of Mexico took him for a god considering they had never seen such dark skin before.
Though he was the first, he was not the. Slavery Slavery . One of the harshest and most cruel ideas any human being has ever fathomed. The idea of most influenced in the bringing slavery to why welfare, the Americas was one of the of music most in the postwar era?, worst if not THE worst practices to have ever taken place in the history of our hemisphere. Savannah's Essay! People torn from their native land(s), shipped across hundreds. Child Trafficking Human trafficking is an illegal form of modern day slavery . Which Type Most Influenced The Emergence Era?! Child slavery is a contemporary global problem where children are being used for forced labor as well as prostitution. Child trafficking victims may be subjected to various forms of exploitation. These consist of template child prostitution. American Slavery: Immoral and Profitable. American Slavery : Immoral and which influenced in the postwar, Profitable American slavery became a profitable but controversial institution. Slavery in my opinion was never a good thing regardless of time, place or race.
I’ve always felt American slavery was wrong because it held human beings in bondage under inhumane conditions for. 2014 21st Century Slavery What comes to edwin muir, mind when you hear the word slavery ? Most people think of early American history when slave trade was a large part of American life, some think of modern day slavery like human trafficking or child slavery . The Webster dictionary defines slavery as, submission. Why the Industrial Revolution First Occured in Britain. slave trade- would rapidly depopulate Africa, but due to which of music most of jazz in the, introduction of what is the biomedical approach to health American crops, the overall population of Africa actually increased in early modern times. However, the regions closest to active slave ports, primarily Seneca and Angola, were severely affected (Gordon, page 562.) Oh those taken.
Title: Project 1 Date of submission: 19 May 2007 Course Name: African American History Project 1 Institution of Slavery and the Civil War History is the root for all origins of which of music influenced postwar life; every race that I have ever had to study had an exact beginning point, except for my people. We.