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Barthelme the school

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armenian resume UK minister for Foreign Commonwealth Affairs, Alan Duncan MP visits Genocide memorial in Armenia #8220;We condemned Armenian massacres 100 years ago#8221; A delegation led by the United Kingdom Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, Alan Duncan MP visited the Armenian Genocide memorial in Yerevan on Wednesday, 27th September. The guests laid [] Kim Kardashian Slams Wall Street Journal with full-page ad in the school, New York Times. Kim Kardashian takes out full-page ad in New York Times to slam Wall Street Journal Women in the World in Association with The New York Times Kim Kardashian West, who is of Armenian descent, was so outraged when she saw a full-page ad denying the Armenian genocide, published in The Wall Street Journal in [] Mr HAMPARTSOUM BOGHOSIAN PASSES AWAY. On 23rd June, 2017, the death was announced of the British Armenian Community elder, Mr Hampartsoum Boghosian. Mr Boghosian had been a highly respected and dedicated member of the community and had served in many committees, and in particular for many years as a member of the eisenhower St Yeghiche ( previously known as St [] Armenian atlas sold for $37,500 at an Auction in barthelme the school, New York. Armenian atlas sold for $37,500 at an Auction in New York Source: This beautiful atlas was created by Hovhannes Amira Dadian from the Armenian Mekhitarist monastery located on the Venetian island of of criticism San Lazzaro in 1849. This is the first atlas in the Armenian language and boasts ten hand-colored double-page maps, including one [] ZILDJIAN The oldest family firm in the United States.

Trade secrets of the school oldest family firm in US By Kim Gittleson BBC News, Massachusetts 7 June 2012; From the section Avedis Zildjian, who emigrated from Turkey to the US Nearly 400 years ago, in 1623, Avedis Zildjian founded a cymbal-manufacturing company in Istanbul. Now run by 14th generation family member Craigie Zildjian, along [] Stephen Pound MP, British Member of Parliament Says UK Owes it to Armenians to recognise the anatomy of criticism Armenian Genocide. Stephen Pound MP, British Member of barthelme the school Parliament Says UK Owes it to Armenians to converting apa recognise the barthelme Armenian Genocide. Mr Stephen Pound, Labour Member of Parliament for Ealing North is interviewed by Ms Nvard Chalikyan. Watch the interview on YouTube by clicking the link. Mr Pound says UK owes it to Armenians to recognise the [] Jewish Armenologist Michael Stone on Armenian culture and unique archaeological discoveries. Jewish Armenologist Michael Stone on Armenian Culture and Unique Archaeological Discoveries Author: Nvard Chalikyan :: When I was doing my PhD I started to learn Armenian. I [also] learned to have great affection for the Armenian people and its creativity. I liked it I learned to value the music and art through my wife, [] Armenian Community Church Service in of criticism, Memory of the barthelme the school Victims of mla to Manchester Atrocity.

Armenian Community Church Service in the school, Memory of the Victims of the necklace quotes Manchester Atrocity :: On Sunday, May 28th, 2017, his grace Bishop Hovakim Manukyan presided over a #8220;Hokehankist#8221; Special Prayer Service at St. Yeghiche Armenian Community Church in memory of the 22 innocent victims of the Manchester bombing of 22nd May, 2017. Prayers were also [] Christopher J Walker, Author of #8220;ARMENIA; Survival of the school a Nation#8221; Dies aged 75. Christopher J. Walker (1942 2017) :: It is with deep sorrow that news was received of the anatomy death of the renowned British historian and author, Christopher J. Walker. Christopher Walker was educated at barthelme, the Lancing and quotes, Brasenose Colleges at the University of Oxford, and among other positions, held positions in the editorial department [] Genocide Commemorative Events Held in London April 2017. ARMENIAN GENOCIDE COMMEMORATIVE EVENTS HELD IN LONDON On the the school evening of mla to Sunday 23rd April, 2017, a Commemorative Evening in memory of the victims of the Armenian Genocide took place at the Saint Yeghiche Armenian Church in Kensington, London. The event was organized by the Executive Committee of the barthelme Armenian Community Council of the U.K. []

K Tahta Armenian Community Sunday School Praised by is Bothering in the founder of #8220;Mashtots#8221; Armenian school Dr Hilda Kalfaian-Panossian. K Tahta Armenian Community Sunday School Praised by founder of barthelme #8220;Mashtots#8221; Armenian school Dr Hilda Kalfaian-Panossian :: The following is an article received from Mrs R Tatulian, Head Teacher of the K Tahta Armenian Community Sunday School : #8220;As part of K Tahta Armenian Community Sunday School#8217;s annual teachers training program and focusing specially towards advancing [] Elections in Armenia Republican Party Retains Power with 55/50 Overall Majority in New Parliament. Elections in Armenia Republican Party Retains Power with 55/50 Overall Majority in New Parliament . :: The governing Republican Party of Armenia (RPA) was the clear victor in the April 2 elections, as expected, winning over 49 percent of the anatomy vote and the school, an apparent absolute majority of seats in What Holden in Salinger’s in the, parliament (55 out of barthelme the school 105). [] Turkish-Azerbaijani Union Chair Convicted of eisenhower autobiography Anti-Armenian Statements in Holland. Turkish-Azerbaijani Union Chair Convicted of Anti-Armenian Statements in Holland :: THE HAGUE/ALMELO, NetherlandsA Netherlands court on Friday convicted the chairman of the Turkish-Azerbaijani Cultural Association Ilhan Askin for inciting violence against barthelme the school, Armenians. The Armenian community in the Netherlands, namely the Dutch Armenian Committee for Justice and Democracy (Armenian National Committee of autobiography Netherlands/ ANC-Netherlands) an [] Armenia and the school, EU Initial Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement. PRESS RELEASE FROM European Friends of Armenia A starting gun for new growth: Armenia and EU initial Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement Today, Armenia and the European Union (EU) formally initialled the eisenhower autobiography text of their new Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement. The Agreement deserves the barthelme adjective comprehensive as it combines a wide [] British Armenian IT Initiative Presentation Takes Place in London. With support from the British Embassy Yerevan, 17 Armenian IT companies were in What Holden in Salinger’s The Catcher, London on March 9-11 exploring opportunities for cooperation with British businesses. Some very impressive presentations about Armenia as a country of technology, innovations, top quality IT solutions and software have been made, followed by numerous B2B meetings between Armenian ITs and British [] Armenian British IT Initiatives Event to Take Place in London. Armenian British IT Initiatives Event to Take Place in barthelme, London Armenian-British IT Initiatives project aims to establish long-term business relationships between Armenian IT companies and British businesses.

There are 15 leading Armenian IT companies chosen to participate in the Project presenting their services and products in Essay, London this March. All the selected [] His Holiness Catholicos Aram I of the the school Great House of government created Cilicia Pays Pontifical Visit to barthelme Armenian Community of Aleppo. Converting Mla To Apa. Aram I blesses salt and bread upon barthelme the school, arriving in Aleppo (Photo by Studio Venus) :: His Holiness Catholicos Aram I of the Great House of Cilicia Pays Pontifical Visit to The Qu´ran and Surah Armenian Community of Aleppo :: Source: ::Praises the Will and Determination of the Armenian community of Syria :: ALEPPO, SyriaHis Holiness [] The Picture-Perfect Ensemble of Armenian Twelfth Night Shakespeare 2016. Barthelme. The Picture-Perfect Ensemble of Armenian Twelfth Night :: by Jasmine Seymour :: Some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon #8217;em (Twelfth Night, 2.5.144-146) :: The annual Shakespeare Theatre Festival established over a decade ago in Armenia, has now reached widespread international reputation, bringing celebrated theatre groups and mono [] Mkhitaryan scores winning goal for Manchester United against Tottenham Hotspur. Henrikh Mkhitaryan dedicates first Premier League goal to Manchester United fans :: Sunday 11 Dec 2016 : Manchester United 1 (Mkhitaryan), Tottenham Hotspur 0 :: Mkhitaryan scored the winner against eisenhower, Tottenham before leaving the field on a stretcher in the dying minutes of the game. Source Copyright: BYJACOB MURTAGH Henrikh Mkhitaryan fired United [] An Evening to Honour the Renowned Star of Film #038; Drama JENIA NERSISIAN. An Evening to Honour the Renowned Star of barthelme Armenian Film Drama JENIA NERSISIAN On Saturday 3 December 2016 the Armenian Community Councils Cultural Committee and the K. Tahta Sunday School held an Honouring Evening (Hopelian) for the renowned star of Armenian screen and stage, Mrs Jenia Nersisian, and of criticism, also celebrated her 85th Birthday. [] ELECTIONS OF THE ARMENIAN COMMUNITY COUNCIL OF THE UNITED KINGDOM. The Armenian Community Council of the barthelme the school United Kingdom wishes to announce that the term of office of the current Community Council is now drawing to quotes its end and the Council has appointed an independent Election Committee which will carry out the necessary arrangements for elections to be held for a new Council. ELECTION COMMITTEE ANNOUNCEMENTS: To read the Announcements of the Election Committee please click on barthelme, the the relevant item below: Election Committee Communication No.1. dated 18 th July, 2017.

ARMENIAN CHURCH E-MAGAZINE. From the the necklace quotes office of the Primate, His Grace Bishop Hovakim Manukyan. PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ NEWSLETTER. Vol.3 Issue 19 22nd July 2017. Barthelme. Armenian Relief Society of GB, 35th Anniversary Dinner-Dance with Guest Star Marten Yorgantz 7th October 2017. What Is Bothering Rye Essay. Vigen Hovsepyan In Concert: Contemporary Armenian Folk Songs. Film Screening and Temporary Exhibition: Testimonies of War. Barthelme The School. The London Armenian Opera presents SAYAT NOVA The Opera by Alexander Harutunyan = 20th and 21st October 2017.

Film Screening of Holden The Catcher #8216;The Other Side of Home#8217; Concert-Exhibition by the school the KCCA 18th November, 2017. Hayashen Armenian Youth Club Weekend Residential. ARMENIAN DANCING LESSONS FOR EVERYONE. ARMENIAN DANCING LESSONS. JOB VACANCY Western Armenian Teaching Position at K.Tahta Armenian Community Sunday School, London. TEACHING VACANCY AT THE K.TAHTA ARMENIAN COMMUNITY SUNDAY. Created. K Tahta Armenian Community Sunday School#8217;s Governing Body and Headteacher are looking to appoint an enthusiastic, committed and motivated Western Armenian teacher to join our school. The School. We are a warm, friendly school and apa, are seeking to barthelme appoint someone who is highly motivated, enthusiastic and has a passion for teaching and learning and is fluent in reading, writing and speaking in Western Armenian. PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ FULL DETAILS OF THE JOB VACANCY AND HOW TO APPLY. Article About The Armenians in anatomy, Turkey Published by Hratch Tchilingirian. Oxford University scholar Hratch Tchilingirian has published an article entitled: #8220;The #8216;Other#8217; Citizens: Armenians in Turkey Between Isolation and (Dis)integration.#8221; Since the establishment of the Turkish Republic, state discrimination against the Armenian community and generally the non-Muslim minorities has been institutionalized and systematically used towards the detriment of the target minorities.

Hratch Tchilingirians newly published research article on the Armenians in Turkey provides a new perspective and analysis of the contemporary life of the barthelme community in the last five decades and offers new insight into this segment of the Armenian nation. The article comes at a time when Armenians in Turkey are in the process of getting ready to elect a new Patriarch. Tchilingirian analyses the internal dynamics of the community and highlights several sociological concepts that are useful to the understanding and analysis of the Turkish states and societys treatment of the Armenians today. Converting Mla To Apa. He pays particular attention to state policies and public discourses that shed light on the current unenviable situation of the community. Barthelme. TV INTERVIEW ABOUT THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE.

INTERVIEW ABOUT THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE ON BRITISH TELEVISION. Mr Raffi Sarkissian, Member of the Armenian Community Council of the United Kingdom and Chairman of the ACC UKs Campaign for converting apa, the Recognition of the Armenian Genocide Committee (CRAG) had a long and comprehensive interview on barthelme, Revelation British Television Sky Network on the 24 th of Essay April, 2017. The highly informative interview was an in depth discussion about international recognition of the Genocide of barthelme 1,500,000 ethnic Armenians in Ottoman Turkey. Armenian Satellite TV Channels on HOTBIRD 13E: ARMENIA H1 : 11.334 (H) 27,500. Anatomy Of Criticism. ARMENIA TV : 11.334 (H) 27,500. KENDRON TV : 10.815 (H) 27,500. SHANT TV : 12.322 (H) 27,500. YEPREM KHAN Armenian Fidayi and Military Leader. Article by Adom Saboonchian; click here to barthelme read. For more information please e-mail to VIDEOS OF INTEREST ON YouTube.

Please Click on the item to is Bothering in the Rye Essay view and barthelme the school, #8220;open in new window#8221; when prompted: K. Tahta Armenian Community Sunday School: Notice. K. Tahta Armenian Community Sunday School. Under the auspices of the Armenian Community Council of Great Britain. What Is Bothering Holden In Salinger’s In The. ????? 3-16 ??????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ??? ?. ???????? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?. ???????? ??????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ? ??????? ?????, ????? ?????????? ????????????? ? ????????????? ( ??????? ? ??????????? ??????????????), ????????????? (3 ?????????) ????? ???????? ????????????? (16 ???????) : ???????? ?????? ??????? ???????????? ????? ????????????? ?? ????????????? ??????????: ??????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? 10:30 ?? ????? 2:00-?: 2015-2016 ??????????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????????? 6-??: ????????? ??????????????? ? ?????????????????? ????? ????????? ??? ?????, ??? ?????? ?? Twyford Church of the school England School,Twyford Crescent, Acton, London W3 9PP. ?????? ????? ?????????????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ????, ??? ?????? ?? ????????????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????????? ???????? The Necklace Quotes. K. Tahta Armenian Community Sunday School classes are held every Sunday from barthelme the school 10:30a.m. to 2:00p.m. Of Criticism. at. Twyford Church of England School, Twyford Crescent, Acton, London W3 9PP. The Sunday School offers parallel classes both Eastern and barthelme, Western Armenian to anatomy of criticism pupils aged between 3 and 16 years old, and barthelme, it is composed of the following three sections: (1) Nursery Section (two years), (2) Preacademic Section (two years), and (3) Academic Section (nine years).

Classes are also offered to Holden The Catcher in the adults wishing to learn either Eastern or Western Armenian. Barthelme The School. The Sunday Schools curriculum covers various aspects of the created Armenian language, namely reading, writing, conversation and grammar. Pupils are also taught about important events in the Armenian history, Armenian rich culture and they learn Armenian songs and dances. For more information about the Sunday School, please visit our website: To contact us, please email to: Armenian Language Saturday School. Barthelme The School. Armenian Language Saturday School London. The Armenian Language Saturday School will resume its.

2015-2016 academic year on Saturday 12th September 2015. Quotes. Studies start at 9:00 am and barthelme, finish at 12:30 term time only. All Armenian children aged 3-16 are welcomed to join our school. We teach Armenian language, history and culture in Eastern and. Western Armenian dialects.

All teachers are working tirelessly to educate the students with a profound understanding of converting apa Armenian language, history and culture, so that children learn about not only their language, but also grow confidently and proudly as Armenians understand their heritage and culture and work with the best of their ability to barthelme become reliable and resourceful individuals to quotes serve their community and have their input in flourishing our country, Armenia.

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Interesting essay on Marine Parks. Thought this was an interesting read - from Ray Hilborn - one of the worlds eminent fishery scientists - I remember his book on fisheries biology was the bible when I was at Uni. Date Joined: 09/03/08. Chicken Little brigade won't like that. Date Joined: 25/06/09. Australian Seafood Consumers Mislead by prophets document. Noone emailed me about this, but as its a Hillborn paper, I had it as a pdf, but have noowhere to hang it. Lets see if cut and paste work. AUSTRALIAN SEAFOOD CONSUMERS MISLED BY PROPHETS OF. Professor of Aquatic and Fisheries Sciences, University of Washington.

DR BOB KEARNEY (AM) Emeritus Professor in Fisheries Management, University of the school Canberra. Embargoed: 1pm Wednesday, 29 February 2012. There is much gloom and doom in is Bothering Holden in Salinger’s The Catcher Rye Essay Australia and barthelme around the government monopolies, world about the sustainability of fisheries. Perhaps the best known example and that most commonly used by those who wish to demonise fishing is the prediction that all commercial fish stocks could be collapsed by 2048 (Worm et al. Barthelme The School! 2006).

A similar message has been portrayed by claims that all the large fish of the ocean were seriously depleted by 2003 (Myers and Worm) and that we are fishing down aquatic food chains to government created the extent that soon all that will be left will be jelly fish (Pauly et al. 1988). Each of these pessimistic views of the world has been shown to be wrong. The “all fish gone by 2048” was exposed by a subsequent paper that even included the same senior author (Worm et al. 2009) showing that trends in fish abundance indicated stability not decline and that many countries were sustainably managing their resources. The claim of the demise of high seas tuna stocks reported in Myers and Worm (2003) was shown to be wrong by almost a dozen follow up papers tracking the barthelme the school, abundance of tuna stocks around the world, which with the exception of What Holden The Catcher Rye Essay bluefin tuna are in, or above, the the school, range of abundance that supports maximum sustainable yield. (Juan-Jorda et al.

2011). All of the The Qu´ran and Surah Luqman, key aspects of “fishing down food chains” have been shown to the school be wrong; large fish are not all more valuable than small fish, we do not begin catching large fish and move down the food chain, and the mean trophic level of the world catch is rising, not falling (Branch et al. 2010, Sethi et a. 2010). Australia was recently subjected to the extreme unscientific pessimism about the state of the world’s fisheries by Sylvia Earle, including her support for the discredited prediction of the elimination of all fishing by 2050. To support this, and other ridiculous assertions, such as the world needs to stop eating all tuna, she claimed in anatomy December 2011, “On land we are maintaining the wildlife by the mid-century we will see extinction of fish and barthelme seafood”. The facts are remarkably different: According to the List of anatomy Threatened Species under the EPBC Act (20/2/2012), Australia already has 27 species of terrestrial mammals, 23 birds and four frogs extinct but not a single extinction of barthelme the school a species of in Salinger’s in the marine fish. Australians should question how they came to be given such grossly biased prophecies about the impacts of fishing on our oceans! The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations estimates that the percentage of the world’s fish stocks that are at barthelme the school, or above target abundance levels is more than twice that of those below target (FAO 2010). Most importantly the distribution of the necklace areas where stocks are overexploited is not uniform and many countries have few fisheries management problems (Figure 1). Figure 1. Global distribution of fisheries management sustainability. (Figure 3G from Mora et al.) There have been some very serious problems with overfishing around the world, and some of them are continuing.

But the global picture provides three fundamental messages; the problems are not universal, they are not uniformly distributed and the overly pessimistic view is simply not relevant to Australia. In fact Australians have excellent reasons to have faith in their fisheries management and to the school consume Australian seafood with confidence and enthusiasm. Australian fisheries are sustainably managed. Australia has a great record for improving the management of its marine fisheries. Figure 2 shows the proportion of stocks not subject to overfishing (where the the necklace, level of fishing is below or within the target range to produce sustainable fisheries, in red), and barthelme the school not in an overfished condition (the abundance of quotes fish is above or within the desired target range, in blue). Barthelme The School! The great majority of fished stocks are in very good shape and, even more importantly for long-term sustainability, the situation continues to improve. Figure 2. Proportion of Australian stocks not overfished and not subject to overfishing. Data from table 1.3 of Commonwealth Fisheries Status report (Woodhams et al., 2011). Figure 2 also demonstrates that Australia did not always have its current enviable record in fisheries management. In fact up to about the end of the 1990s the fraction of assessed stocks that were classified as overfished was of concern. The number of overfished stocks was increasing and overfishing of even depleted stocks was continuing.

Prominent examples that helped catalyse the need for reform included orange roughy, eastern gemfish, southern bluefin tuna and several species of quotes abalone and lobster. As recently as in the school 2004, 40% of Australia’s fish stocks were fished too hard resulting in overfishing. Figure 2 demonstrates that Australia addressed the generic overfishing problem forcefully, particularly in the period 2004-2006, and as a result the percentage of is Bothering Holden in Salinger’s stocks that are recovering continues to barthelme the school increase. By 2006, overfishing had been eliminated in the necklace all but 10% of the stocks, and as a result the number of stocks assessed to be no longer in an overfished state increased to 85% by 2010; an extremely impressive performance for any form of natural resource management. In fact the rapid recovery of the barthelme the school, status of Australia’s exploited fish stocks highlights the fundamental effectiveness of commitment to traditional fisheries management (in this case catch and effort controls) compared to attempts to recover terrestrial systems that have been impacted by urban development, mining or agriculture. 0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%2004200520062007200820092010not overfishednot overfishing. Some problems with definitions. There are two commonly used reference points in the regulation of eisenhower fisheries in the interests of barthelme sustainability. First is when the biomass of stocks is so low that the mla to, long-term sustainable yield has been reduced this is called “overfished.” The second is when the fishing pressure is so high that the the school, long-term sustainable yield will be reduced if fishing continues at this level, this is called “overfishing. As undesirable as overfishing is it should not be over-dramatised; stocks that are overfished or subject to apa even moderate overfishing are still usually biologically sustainable with no immediate threat to the survival of the species (there has never been a species of fished confirmed to have been fished to extinction, and certainly not in Australia). In fact fishing levels that technically constitute “overfishing” can be deliberately employed on underexploited stocks for barthelme controlled periods with the What Holden Rye Essay, intended result of reducing a stock to target levels where surplus production and long-term sustainable yields are estimated to be maximized.

Stocks can sometimes remain at lower than desired abundance (technically ‘overfished’) for generations, and still recover under improved fisheries management, as demonstrated by the school Figure 2. During their period of low abundance reduced catches can often still be sustainable; the yield from the fishery is simply less than it could have been. It is noteworthy that the classifications of fished stocks used in Australia’s official Government assessments of the status of fisheries (Woodhams et al,. 2011) confirm Australia’s pre-disposition to not having stocks overfished. The three categories used in official assessments are “not overfished”, “overfished and/or subject to overfishing” and “uncertain”. ‘Under-fished’ or ‘under-utilised’ are not prominent categories in Australia’s assessments and underutilized stocks are merely given the ‘green light’ of “not overfished”. This complete concentration on government created monopolies the regulatory side of fisheries management, at the expense of drawing attention to new fishery development opportunities, is surprising for a country with such a huge EEZ but a dependence on imports for the bulk of its seafood (discussed below). Barthelme! It reflects the failure by fisheries and marine environmental managers to eisenhower autobiography adjust policies to recognize the successes of traditional fisheries management in Australia and develop new fisheries, not further restrict existing ones. Relevant international comparisons.

In contrast to Australia’s impressive record in fisheries management roughly half of European stocks are still overfished and subject to overfishing. European countries have the problem of sharing stocks of fish that span national boundaries, thus making sustainable management dependent on international cooperation. As the world is aware, international cooperation between a large number of barthelme the school players can be extremely elusive; this is the more so with fishery resources that are shared and mobile. In the absence of binding and enforced agreements for shared stocks the ‘tragedy of the The Qu´ran and Surah Luqman, commons’ (Hardin 1968) is difficult to avoid, even for the world’s most developed democracies. Australia, as an island, has individual control of most of its fisheries resources and very few stocks for which international cooperation is imperative. Australia does not have exclusive control of highly migratory tuna species and for one of these, southern bluefin.

tuna (SBT), the difficulties of ensuring sustainable harvests are apparent. Current biomass estimates for SBT are between 3% and barthelme the school 8% of un-fished levels, approximately one sixth of the level that would classify the species as overfished in mla to Australia and trigger mandatory recovery action. Interestingly, the most recent assessment of SBT suggests that even this species is currently recovering, albeit at a much slower rate than is desired. Many developing countries do not have the governance systems nor the political imperative to manage all fisheries in the interests of long-term sustainability. This is particularly the the school, case for those developing countries where there is intense pressure on The Qu´ran Luqman Essay fish stocks from local communities for short-term subsistence. In such situations strict effort and catch controls to achieve maximum long-term sustainable harvests of barthelme the school heavily fished species would restrict and government monopolies redistribute total short-term yields. This would in turn, seriously stress many coastal inhabitants who rely on fish for their day-to-day existence. Failure to successfully implement targeted fisheries management techniques that are successful in barthelme the school Australia is converting mla to apa, common in barthelme the school such countries. As a result the reported successes in such countries of less specific and less efficient forms of anatomy management, such as closures of areas to all forms of fishing, should not be considered relevant to Australia.

A number of countries, including the United States, have, like Australia, in recent years made great efforts to eliminated overfishing. As a result the USA has many fisheries recovering. However, it still has more than twice Australia’s percentage of fish stocks not yet assessed to barthelme the school have recovered. The key reason why Australia and the US have been able to correct unsustainable fishing is that both countries have relatively strong governance and a political and legal commitment to long-term sustainability. Action is underpinned by a legal framework that requires an end to overfishing and/or other identified negative effects of fishing.

Where overfishing has occurred recovery plans are mandated in the legislation of most states and/or nationally. Government Created! In Australia most fisheries must be considered sustainable in accordance with three separate pieces of legislation; a state fisheries act, a state environmental act and the Commonwealth Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation (EPBC) Act (Commonwealth of Australia1999) which applies to all Commonwealth fisheries and any state fishery from the school which product is exported. Australia has a governance process for government the sustainable management of its fisheries that in the little more than the decade in which it has been enforced has been clearly demonstrated (Figure 2) to be appropriate and the school effective. It is difficult to understand why the Australian public is not rejoicing in the success of its fisheries management and why Australians believe they need to implement additional, alternative restrictions on fishing, such as more fishing closures in MPAs! Australian seafood supply and demand. While Australia has a very impressive record for controlling fisheries it has limited fisheries production; it remains a net importer of more than 70% of the seafood it consumes. Human population and per capita consumption of seafood have both been continuously increasing suggesting that by 2020 Australia would require as estimated 610 000 tonnes of seafood imports (Kearney et al., 2003). The most recent nutrition survey by The Catcher in the the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) projects that on average Australians should eat 40% more seafood than they currently do (NHMRC 2011). To meet this projection without increasing its domestic fisheries production (a prospect for which there is no explicit policy and little likelihood under current management strategies which are focused on further restriction of fishing) Australia will need to import approximately 850 000 tonnes of seafood per year by 2020. Fifty two percent by value and more by barthelme volume, of Australia’s imports of seafood come from Thailand (26%), China (14%) and Vietnam (12%) (ABARES, 2011), all countries that have much less impressive records for sustainable fisheries management than Australia.

In a 2009 estimation of adherence to is Bothering Holden The Catcher Rye Essay the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, Australia ranked fourth out the school, of the 53 countries surveyed, Thailand 42nd, China 22nd and the necklace Vietnam 45th (Pitcher et al., 2009). Thus by continuing to import the bulk of its seafood Australia is effectively exporting responsibility for the sustainable management of the world’s fish stocks to countries with a far inferior record for sustainability (Kearney and barthelme the school Farebrother, 2012). Most of the world’s sustainably managed fish stocks are not eco-labeled. Few other food products are so certified. So why should Australians want individual fisheries certified when they are already assessed to be well managed and sustainable under numerous pieces of state and Commonwealth legislation? The most prominent of created fish certification schemes, that of the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) is designed for large industrial fisheries. Its original objective was to draw attention to the sustainability problems with fisheries that were supplying the European and North American markets, and there were many problems with these fisheries (see Figure 1). It continues to achieve this objective rather effectively and is perceived to bestow a competitive advantage in the market places where the sustainability of competing products is questioned.

However, the process of certification and periodic review of each individual fishery and/or species is not necessary in a country like Australia that has collectively well managed, sustainable fisheries. Barthelme The School! Furthermore, a scheme such as MSC is inherently expensive with the costs being prohibitive for most small-scale fisheries, such as dominate the is Bothering The Catcher, supply of fresh fish to Australian consumers. Australia has virtually no high volume, industrial-scale fisheries with most of the locally-caught fish sold in Australia coming from small regional fisheries that produce limited quantities of a relatively large number of species. The School! The costs of converting apa certifying the huge number of species and/or individual Australian fisheries under a scheme such as MSC would be grossly disproportionate to the value of the product. Furthermore, as each Australian major fish stock is assessed under state and/or Commonwealth fisheries legislation and barthelme usually under additional environmental legislation each fishery is already technically certified to government monopolies meet the world’s highest standards of sustainable fisheries management.

Duplication of this certification process would not only barthelme threaten the economic viability of many small fisheries but would also likely seriously disadvantage the cost-effectiveness of the whole fisheries monitoring and assessment process. It would of course, necessarily result in a significant increase in price of seafood to Australian consumers and even to exports from the necklace Australia. Under many certification schemes, such as MSC, certification can be obtained even if the species or fishery under consideration is overfished, provided the the school, management system in place is anticipated to lead to stock rebuilding that can be confirmed by assessment. Under current Australian government assessments such species could be certified as ‘sustainable’ under an independent scheme, such as MSC, but would continue to be listed as ‘overfished’ by Australian governments until the recovery had actually been confirmed. Quotes! Current Australian government assessment principles are therefore more conservative and demanding of assessed sustainability than MSC, even if the assessment process may be less detailed. Throughout Australia overfished species are identified as such and a recovery program is usually mandatory for any species or fishery that is assessed to be significantly overfished. Furthermore, as Australia has extremely few, unsustainable fisheries the barthelme the school, cost-effectiveness of providing the public with an unambiguous message on seafood sustainability would clearly be best served by identifying the few problem fisheries that do exist, rather than certifying and re-certifying those that have already been assessed by transparent government processes to be sustainable. Is Bothering In Salinger’s In The! A process of listing only those for which there is an assessed problem would not only the school provide assurance to Australian consumers that local seafood can be consumed with confidence but it would also draw attention to those few fisheries that remain a problem, thereby catalyzing corrective management.

It would also remove the confusion created in public opinion by the inconsistencies in the many unregulated ‘seafood guides’ to which the public is exposed (discussed below). It is relevant to the Australian situation to note that several countries and even states that have high standard fisheries management, for example Alaska, are moving to government certification based on the FAO guidelines for sustainable fisheries of the collective sustainability of fish and fisheries. Such a scheme would appear to have great benefit for Australian seafood consumers. Why does Australia so understate the sustainability of its fisheries? Numerous NGOs active in Australia need the quotes, public to believe fisheries to be in poor shape to facilitate their fundraising.

Good news is an anathema to those whose business is based on public support for addressing real or perceived problems. The School! There are 16 or more different organisations in the necklace Australia that produce ‘guides’ of various forms that are intended to barthelme the school influence public opinion on the environmental responsibility of consuming different seafood species. There are no standards or government regulation of the efficacy of is Bothering Holden these guides or their impact on the seafood industry they are designed to influence. There are no minimum qualifications or standards of experience required of the people who do the the school, assessments of individual seafood species on the necklace quotes which these guides are based. At the global scale, NGOs are split between those that are opposed in principle to many forms of barthelme the school fishing, such as Greenpeace, and those looking for solutions to of criticism the bigger strategic issues. Patrick Moore, a co-founder of Greenpeace became disenchanted with the direction that particular NGO was taking. He recently stated, “The truth is Greenpeace and I had divergent evolutions. I became a sensible environmentalist; Greenpeace became increasingly senseless as it adopted an agenda that is anti-science, anti-business, and downright anti-human”. His more general comments on so called ‘environmental activism’ included, “To a considerable extent the environmental movement was hijacked by political and barthelme social activists who learned to use green language to cloak agendas that had more to What is Bothering in Salinger’s do with anti-capitalism and anti-globalization than with science or ecology.”(Moore, 2010)

Equally relevant to barthelme Australia but particularly pertinent to the debate over restricting fishing in predetermined areas, are the comments of Peter Kareiva, the chief scientist for The Qu´ran Luqman Essay The Nature Conservancy, a major international NGO based in the USA. Barthelme The School! He has specifically criticized the MPA movement for several serious distortions. In summary, he argues for a new conservation ethic that depends on maintaining biodiversity in the places humans use, rather than relying on converting apa ‘protected’ areas as the primary conservation tool. “For this (a new conservation ethic) to barthelme the school happen, conservationists will have to jettison their idealized notions of nature, parks, and wilderness ideas that have never been supported by good conservation science and forge a more optimistic, human-friendly vision”. “But ecologists and eisenhower conservationists have grossly overstated the fragility of nature, frequently arguing that once an ecosystem is altered, it is gone forever. Some ecologists suggest that if a single species is lost, a whole ecosystem will be in danger of collapse, and that if too much biodiversity is lost, spaceship Earth will start to the school come apart.” “Protecting biodiversity for its own sake has not worked. Protecting nature that is dynamic and resilient, that is in eisenhower autobiography our midst rather than far away, and barthelme that sustains human communities these are the ways forward now. Otherwise, conservation will fail, clinging to its old myths.” (Kareiva et al., 2011) The fundamental myth that Kareiva criticizes is the necklace, that conservation equates to protected areas; he argues that the key to maintaining biodiversity is barthelme the school, good management of utilized areas. It is most significant to the current debate that Kareiva philosophy has been developed based on terrestrial systems that are far less naturally dynamic and resilient than marine ones, and in particular Australian marine systems where fishing is tightly managed and not a single species has been lost to fishing Noting Australia’s preoccupation, in spite of its relatively excellent management of fishing, with declaring more and bigger MPAs that are in anatomy of criticism effect little more than fishing closures, Kareiva’s comments are of particular relevance to Australia. Australian NGOs remain predominantly locked into barthelme the past, including their outdated philosophies to which Kareiva refers. The Necklace! The press contains a relentless barrage of anti-fishing rhetoric that is not based on sound science. Spectacular examples abound, including, “bottom trawling, the equivalent of using a nuclear bomb to catch rabbits” (Craig Bohm, Australian Marine Conservation Society, cited in barthelme Webster, S. Sydney Morning Herald 28/8/08), or We now fish smaller species like anchovies and sardines, right to the bottom.

We are at the last-chance cafe when it comes to fisheries. (Darren Kindleysides, Australian Marine Conservation Society, cited in Munro 2009). As a result of the relentless anti-fishing campaign public perception remains anchored by the gloom and doom myths that are a central plank of NGO fund raising. The failure of Australian government agencies, particularly those responsible for policy on food security and fisheries management, and the seafood industry, to effectively counter the negative publicity on converting mla to apa the state of Australia’s fisheries remains baffling. The School! This is particularly so in the light of Australia’s need for eisenhower a great deal more fish. Australia’s fisheries are amongst the most conservatively managed in the world. Most of the world is aware of this, but Australia actively refuses to accept the credit! Fisheries assessments that are commonly distorted. Most of the ‘guides’ to which fish Australians should and should not eat list many species for which assessments are given that are highly questionable, at best.

Most have orange roughy at, or very near, the top of the ‘do not eat’ list. Greenpeace makes a particular example of yellowfin tuna; the Greenpeace Australia website still advises Australians to stop selling yellow fin tuna because it is “at risk”. Orange roughy was fished excessively in a very limited number of areas around southern Australia prior to the mid-1990s. Since then management has been extremely restrictive. The species is the subject of a very rigorous recovery plan.

Only a fraction (less than one sixth) of the known area of distribution of orange roughy in Australia has ever been trawled and in. addition to barthelme all the What Holden The Catcher in the Rye Essay, unfished areas 90-95% of the small fraction that was fished in Australia is now closed to all orange roughy fishing. The current annual allowable catch in the school Australia is less than 1% of what it was in the period that overfishing occurred. There are more than 100 million orange roughy in the fished areas alone of Australia and New Zealand. Current levels of targeted catch and the limited remaining by-catch of orange roughy pose no known threat to the long-term survival of the fisheries or the species (Kearney and Goodsell, 2010). Luqman! In fact the barthelme, management of Australia’s orange roughy fishery provides a spectacular example of rigorous management, apparently excessively restrictive, that has completely removed a perceived threat from fishing. Created Monopolies! Australians should be being told about the obvious sustainability of what little orange roughy is marketed in Australia and encouraged to eat it with extreme confidence.

Yellowfin tuna are significantly under-fished in Australian waters and barthelme the school unlike some stocks of orange roughy they have always been so. Figure 4 shows the abundance in Region 5 (Australia) of the Western and eisenhower Central Pacific Ocean (WCPO) yellowfin tuna stock, relative to what it would be in the absence of fishing. Even the small decrease in biomass that has been estimated is likely to be at least partly attributable to exploitation of the barthelme, species outside the eisenhower, Australian EEZ, not by Australian fishing. Barthelme The School! Yellowfin tuna stocks in Australia are extremely lightly exploited and are capable of supporting sustainable yields at least several times higher than current levels of exploitation. Anatomy! The species is spread over huge areas, is barthelme, very fast growing and has extreme reproductive capacity, females spawning approximately a million eggs up to four times a week, year-round in tropical waters. It is absurd, in fact morally wrong, to advise Australians not to eat the eisenhower, very small quantities of yellowfin tuna that are landed in the school this country on the basis that the species is Luqman, ‘at risk’. 0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%1950196019701980199020002010Stock biomass/biomass without fishing. Figure 3. Status of Yellowfin tuna in Australian Zone plotted as a ratio of what the stock is now compared to what it would be in the absence of fishing. The School! Redrawn from eisenhower Figure 57 of yellowfin tuna stock assessment of the the school, Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission. WCPFC-SC7-2011/SA- WP-03. Fisheries have low environmental impact compared to The Qu´ran and Surah Essay alternatives.

Capture fisheries have lower environmental impact than other sources of barthelme the school animal protein. They have lower greenhouse gas output, and use no fresh-water, fertilizers, pesticides or antibiotics (Table 1). Rather than closing areas to fishing because of their environmental consequences, countries with good fisheries management, such as Australia should be utilizing fisheries fully. Table 1. Anatomy! Amount of water, fertilizer, pesticides, antibiotics and the school greenhouse gas emissions needed to produce one portion containing 40g of protein, for beef, chicken, pork, dairy and capture fisheries. Water Fertilizer Pesticides Antibiotics Greenhouse gases (L) (g) (mg) (mg) (kg) Beef 2200 50 494 21 16.7 Chicken 1331 18 163 55 2.5 Pork 1331 46 422 53 3.8 Dairy 1178 34 299 50 2.7 Capture fisheries Low 0 0 0 0.3-2.0. The MSC has what is often considered the “gold standard” in fisheries certification. Is Bothering The Catcher In The! To meet this standard a fishery must demonstrate that it does not alter the the school, structure and function of the ecosystem that is fished.

This is a high and exacting standard that no form of agriculture could meet. Yet environmental NGOs and some retailers are putting fish on the necklace quotes “red lists” while at the same time promoting livestock and other agriculture products that have far greater costs to biodiversity and other aspects of the environment. Yes fishing does have environmental impacts; all human activities do, even breathing in oxygen and breathing out carbon dioxide, a ‘greenhouse’ gas. Barthelme The School! The questions that need to be addressed. are, whether the activity justifies the eisenhower, impact, is further regulation necessary, or is there a more environmentally friendly way of providing the same service? The most obvious impact of fishing is that the the school, abundance of some target species is lower in fished areas; there are usually fewer larger and older fish of exploited species in exploited areas, even if only temporarily. But unlike in autobiography the countries with inadequate fisheries management, (discussed above) where there are well managed fisheries the densities and sizes of fished species are maintained at levels that are conservative and optimize the yields that can be taken; this is exactly what assessment of good fisheries management confirms. The maintenance of densities of species at levels that result in barthelme the school optimum productivity has also been suggested to provide an intermediate level of disturbance that is eisenhower autobiography, beneficial not only for some individual species but for overall biodiversity (Connell, 1978, Krohne, 2001). Some forms of fishing have greater and more obvious impacts than others, for example fish-trawling over hard bottoms or dredging in areas of significant benthic communities can be expected to the school have more obvious impact than line-fishing for Holden Rye Essay pelagic species. Barthelme The School! But even the most destructive forms of fishing (with the possible exception of dynamiting and poisoning of coral reefs, if they are allowed to be called ‘fishing’ and they are outlawed in Australia and is Bothering Holden The Catcher Rye Essay most developed countries) have less impact than the common and the school accepted terrestrial activities of is Bothering in Salinger’s The Catcher urban development and barthelme the school most forms of converting apa agriculture. Fishing does not deliberately transform landscapes as does urban development, nor does it clear-fell native vegetation and add extra nutrients and pesticides to barthelme the school help cultivate introduced species to the exclusion of the recovery of The Qu´ran and Surah native flora and fauna, as do most forms of agriculture.

What negative impacts fishing does have are relatively easily managed and even when mistakes are made they are normally reversible within relatively short time, as the recovery of Australia’s overfished stocks (Figure 2) demonstrates. Australia’s management of fisheries problems that have been identified is certainly ‘responsive’ and often even excessive; the barthelme, restriction of the orange roughy fishery as discussed above is testimony to the occurrence of overly-restrictive management. Trawling is one form of of criticism fishing that has been particularly demonized globally and in Australia. As acknowledged above, some forms of trawling, in particular over structured bottoms with vulnerable benthic communities, can be seriously problematic. They need careful management, but they are responsive to restriction, such as Australia has demonstrated with its trawl fishery for orange roughy. Many forms of trawling, however have limited environmental impact. Trawling on soft bottoms, particularly in high energy areas where the effects of currents or wave action dominate, may have little, if any, short-term impacts and no detectable, long-term negative consequences. In Australia this has been best demonstrated by barthelme the school the failure to detect any impact on bottom biota of prawn trawling in the Clarence River (Underwood, 2007). Quotes! A similarly unanticipated result was found in the Great Barrier Reef by Pitcher et al. Barthelme The School! (2009a). They found. the difference in biomass between trawled and un-trawled areas was only anatomy 3%, with many taxa showing no difference and the most affected taxa showing only a 20% difference in abundance.

Each trawl fishery should be considered on barthelme the school individual merit and assessments that confirm that area closures are a reasonable response to The Qu´ran and Surah environmental concerns. Areas should not be closed simply on an assumption that trawling is a problem. Australia’s most prominent fish-trawl fishery, the South East Trawl Fishery (SETF), has had approximately 80% of the previously available area closed to trawling (Simon Boag personal communication 24/1/2012). Of the remaining 20% that is technically open to trawling only 53% was estimated to barthelme the school be trawlable (Williams, A 2006 p109). As a result of these closures the total allowable catches of eisenhower autobiography several target species that are managed under quota are now uncaught because there are no grounds in which to target them. The School! Examples include some deepwater sharks and smooth oreo dories.

Rebuilding the world’s overfished stocks. Of all the is Bothering in Salinger’s, world’s fish stocks that have been overfished northern hemisphere cod is the one most commonly referenced. Recent assessments have exposed the lie in earlier gloom and doom predictions. Even WWF states that “North Sea cod, once on the brink as a result of decades of over-fishing, has now recovered to an extent that the public should start eating it again with enthusiasm” (cited in Hickman, 2010) Another of the barthelme the school, world’s biggest cod fisheries, in What is Bothering in Salinger’s Rye Essay the Baltic sea, has staged a remarkable recovery in recent years following an almost classical case of overexploitation in barthelme the 1980s and anatomy a reluctance to take the the school, necessary action until about 2004/5 (Figure 4). Figure 4. Trend in abundance of Baltic Sea cod. Data from ICES assessment data base. An even more spectacular recover has been reported for the largest cod stock in eisenhower autobiography the world, the Barents Sea (Arcto-Scandanavian) cod which is now more abundant than any time since WW II (Figure 5)

Figure 5. Trend in abundance of Barents Sea cod. Data from ICES data base. Threats to marine biodiversity. There is the school, no doubt the world’s oceans are under increasing pressure from converting mla to some anthropogenic impacts. The major accepted threats are pollution, including ocean acidification, inappropriate development, destructive fishing practices and overfishing and introduced and trans-located organisms. In Australia episodic pollution events continue to devastate rivers, estuaries and numerous coastal areas, particularly near-shore areas and those with obviously vulnerable biota, notably coral reefs. More insidious and longer-lasting impacts of pollution continue to directly diminish stocks of many marine organisms and increase the vulnerability of even more to disease or other invasive vectors. Areas in proximity to higher human population densities, intensive agriculture and/or mining are most obviously impacted. While there is little doubt Australians are increasingly aware of the problems that coastal development may cause, infrastructure development and less than perfect regulation of routine developments, such as marinas, are still a significant issue. The School! The ‘reclaiming’ of anatomy very large swathes of sea grass beds and fish nursery areas in Botany Bay, one of barthelme Australia’s most productive and culturally significant estuaries, for airport runways and more recently a container terminal, is is Bothering in Salinger’s The Catcher Rye Essay, one obvious example.

Destructive fishing practices and continuing overfishing are no longer significant problems in Australia. Fishing practices are very tightly regulated and barthelme the school where overfishing is detected recovery planning is usually mandatory. As mentioned above the Australian track record in reducing overfishing is far from universal, and many countries continue to overfish. Introduced organisms (species and pathogens), are major and growing problem in Australia. By 2008, 429 exotic species had already been detected (Hewitt and Campbell, 2010) and introduced pathogens, such as the herpes virus that devastated pilchard populations throughout southern Australian waters and autobiography several serious oyster diseases are well documented.

Fouling on ships’ hulls and ballast water have been identified as the barthelme the school, most common vectors for introductions and with accelerating increases in shipping, particularly in association with the Essay, mineral export boom, the the school, problems can only be expected to worsen. Australia’s fisheries are amongst the Luqman, best managed in the world and they are without doubt sustainable. Fishing, as managed in Australia, has not been shown to irreversibly threaten the the school, survival of species. The Necklace! To the barthelme, contrary, it can be demonstrated to be an extremely environmentally friendly source of an and Surah Luqman Essay essential food, particularly in comparison with other forms of animal protein production. Australians should embrace the the school, success of its fisheries management and consume Australian seafood with extreme confidence. However, the perception of the majority of Australians of the sustainability of Australian seafood is not aligned with reality. Public perception has been distorted, primarily by numerous NGOs and others who benefit from projecting apprehension in seafood consumers.

These NGOs are out of touch with recent global developments and in denial of fisheries management outcomes in Australia. Their distortion of reality has been based on misrepresentation of overseas examples of inadequate fisheries management to falsely claim gloom and doom for Australia’s fisheries and created their impacts. The resulting anti-fishing rhetoric has falsely demonized fishing and led to ill-directed calls for more restrictions, particularly in areas that are closed to fishing and then called ‘protected’. Australian have been told by health professionals and authorities to eat more seafood, yet the country has a serious and growing shortage of locally produced product and no obvious policies for food security or increasing domestic supply of fish. Australians should demand food security policies that embrace the excellent outcomes of ongoing fisheries management and support the development of the school more similarly well-managed fisheries in those parts of Australia’s EEZ that remain underutilized. ABARES 2011.

Australian fisheries statistics 2010. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences. Boag, S. 2012. Personal Communication January 24, 2012. Branch, T. A., Watson, R., Fulton, E. A., Jennings, S., McGilliard, C. R., Pablico, G. T., Ricard, D. Tracey, S. R. 2010. The trophic fingerprint of marine fisheries. Government Monopolies! Nature, 468, 431 - 435. Commonwealth of Australia 1999. Environment Protection and barthelme the school Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia. Connell, J. What Holden The Catcher! H. 1978. Diversity in Tropical Rain Forests and barthelme Coral Reefs. Science, 199, 1302-10. Dept. SEWPaC. 2009. EPBC Act List of Threatened Fauna [Online]. Canberra: Department of of criticism Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities.

Available: [Accessed February 20 2012]. FAO 2010. The State of World Fisheries and the school Aquaculture 2010. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Hardin, G. 1968. The Tragedy of the Commons. Science, 162, 1243-1248. Hewitt, C. Government Created Monopolies! Campbell, M. 2010. The relative contribution of vectors to the introduction and translocation of invasive marine species: keeping marine pests out of Australian waters.

Canberra: Commonwealth of barthelme the school Australia, The Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry. Hickman, M. 2010. The Necklace Quotes! Living proof that conservation works: Scientists say the fish threatened with extinction is back on the menu again [Online]. The Independent. Available: [Accessed February 10 2012]. Juan-Jorda, M. J., Mosqueira, I., Cooper, A. Barthelme The School! B., Freire, J. Dulvy, N. K. 2011. Global population trajectories of tunas and their relatives. Proceedings of the anatomy, National Academy of Sciences of the United States, 108, 20650 - 20655. Kareiva, P., Lalasz, R. Marvier, M. 2011. Conservation in barthelme the Anthropocene: beyond solitude and the necklace fragility.

In: Schellenberger, M. Barthelme! Nordhaus, T. (eds.) Love Your Monsters: postenvironmentalism and the anthropocene. Oakland: Breakthrough Institute. Kearney, R. Farebrother, G. 2012. What Is Bothering Holden! Expand Australia’s sustainable fisheries. Nature, 482, 162.

Kearney, R., Foran, B., Poldy, F. Lowe, D. Barthelme! 2003. Modelling Australia's Fisheries to 2050: Policy and What is Bothering Holden in Salinger’s Management Implications. Deakin ACT: Fisheries Research and the school Development Corporation. Kearney, R.E. and Goodsell, P.J. 2010. Of Criticism! Guide to the management and sustainability of seafood supply - Orange Roughy.

FRDC Final Report 2009/071. Fisheries Research and barthelme the school Development Coporation, Canberra. Krohne, D. T. Quotes! 2001. General Ecology, 2nd ed. Pacific Grove CA., Brooks/Cole. Moore, P. A. 2010. Confessions of a Greenpeace Dropout: the making of a sensible environmentalist. Vancouver, Beatty Street Publishing Inc.

Mora, C., Myers, R. A., Coll, M., Libralato, S., Pitcher, T. J., Sumaila, R. U., Zeller, D., Watson, R., Gaston, K. J. Worm, B. 2009. Management Effectiveness of the World's Marine Fisheries. PLoS Biol, 7, 1 - 11. Munro, P, 2009. Sunday Age, 23/8/2009. Myers, R. A. Worm, B. The School! 2003. Rapid worldwide depletion of Holden in Salinger’s predatory fish communities. Nature, 423, 280 - 3. NHMRC 2011.

Australian Dietary Guidelines Incorporating the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating: Providing the scientific evidence for healthier Australian diets (DRAFT FOR PUBLIC CONSULTATION). Canberra: National Health and Medical Research Council. Pauly, D., Christensen, V., Dalsgaard, J., Froese, R. Torres, F. 1998. Fishing Down Marine Food Webs. Science, 279, 860 - 863. Pitcher, C. R., Burridge, C. Y., Wassenberg, T. The School! J., Hill, B. J. Poiner, I. In The Rye Essay! R. 2009a. A large scale BACI experiment to test the effects of prawn trawling on seabed biota in a closed area of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, Australia.

Fisheries Research, 99, 168 - 183. Pitcher, T., Kalikoski, D., Pramod, G. Barthelme! Short, K. 2009b. Not honouring the code. Nature, 457, 658 - 659. Sethi, S. And Surah Luqman! A., Branch, T. A. Watson, R. 2010. Global fishery development patterns are driven by barthelme profit but not trophic level. Converting Apa! Proceedings of the barthelme, National Academy of Sciences of the created, United States, 107, 12163 - 12167.

Underwood, A. Barthelme The School! J. 2007. Assessment and management of anatomy of criticism potential impacts of barthelme prawn trawling on estuarine assemblages. Final Report, Project 2000/176. Canberra: Fisheries Research and Development Corporation. WCPFC 2011. Stock Assessment of Yellowfin Tuna in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean.

Scientific Committee Seventh Regular Session (WCPFC-SC7-2011/SA-WP-03). Pohnpei: Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission. Webster, S. 2008. Sydney Morning Herald, 28/8/2008. Williams, A. 2006 Integrating fishing industry knowledge of fishing grounds with scientific data on seabed habitats for converting informed spatial management and ESD evaluation in the SESSF. FRDC 2000/153, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, Canberra.

Woodhams, J., Stobutzki, I., Vieira, S., Curtotti, R. Begg, G. A. (eds.) 2011. Fishery status reports 2010: status of fish stocks and fisheries managed by the Australian Government, Canberra: Australian Bureau of barthelme Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences. Worm, B., Barbier, E. B., Beaumont, N., Duffy, J. E., Folke, C., Halpern, B. What! S., Jackson, J. B. C., Lotze, H. K., Micheli, F., Palumbi, S. R., Sala, E., Selkoe, K. The School! A., Stachowicz, J. Quotes! J. Watson, R. 2006. Barthelme The School! Impacts of Biodiversity Loss on Ocean Ecosystem Services. Science, 314, 787 - 790. Worm, B., Hilborn, R., Baum, J. K., Branch, T. Apa! A., Collie, J. S., Costello, C., Fogarty, M. Barthelme The School! J., Fulton, E. Created! A., Hutchings, J. A., Jennings, S., Jensen, O. P., Lotze, H. The School! K., Mace, P. M., McClanahan, T. R., Minto, C., Palumbi, S. R., Parma, A. The Necklace Quotes! M., Ricard, D., Rosenberg, A. A., Watson, R. Barthelme! Zeller, D. 2009. Rebuilding Global Fisheries. The Qu´ran And Surah Luqman! Science, 325, 578 - 584.

Date Joined: 20/07/06. Looking forward to hearing some of the 'great unwashed' greenies response to this. WA based manufacturer and barthelme the school supplier of of criticism premium leadhead jigs, bucktail jigs and saltwater soft plastic jig heads. Jigs available NOR at Shorecatch and SOR at barthelme the school, Oceanside Tackle Marine!

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The Scoop on Resume Length: How Many Pages Should Your Resume Be? by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. Once upon the school, a time, someone came up with a rule that resumes should not exceed one page. No one really knows who came up with the rule, but a great many job-seekers still seem to live in fear of this supposed edict. The fact is anatomy, that very few rules exist today in the world of the school resume writing.

Unbreakable rules include: You cant lie, you cant have typos/misspellings, and eisenhower you cant include negative information. Just about barthelme, every other rule youve ever heard about converting, resumes, however, is breakable, including rules about how many pages your resume should comprise. Rules are one thing, but trends are another. After a period that could almost be described as anything goes in terms of resume length, the barthelme pendulum in this Twitter-inspired, short-attention-span age has swung back toward shorter resumes. The norm for most resumes/CVs is one to two pages, even for government monopolies very experienced professionals, says the Findings of 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for barthelme the school the Now, the New the Next in Careers , published by government created monopolies the Career Thought Leaders Consortium. The publication went on to note that a survey of HR/recruiters on LinkedIn indicated an overwhelming preference for a second page. Even against within this climate of shorter resumes, each individual situation dictates resume length. After surveying career experts, we developed some guidelines to help you determine the the school right length for your resume. It should be noted that length is primarily an the necklace quotes, issue that pertains to the school, the traditional, formatted, print version of your resume. For resumes in electronic formats that are intended to be placed directly in keyword-searchable databases, page-length is The Qu´ran and Surah Essay, immaterial. The length of your resume doesnt matter to barthelme the school, an applicant tracking system, affirms Jon Ciampi, CEO of Preptel, a company that aims to help job-seekers penetrate these systems (as quoted in an article on in Salinger’s in the, by Meridith Levinson). It will scan your resume regardless of whether its two pages or four. Submitting a longer (say three or four page) resume that allows you to the school, pack in more relevant experience and keywords and phrases could increase your chances of ranking higher in the system, Ciampi says in What is Bothering Holden in Salinger’s in the Levinsons article.

Thus, this articles guidelines apply either in situations where your formatted resume is screened by human eyes without having been placed into a keyword-searchable database or after a keyword search has narrowed the field of applicants. Resumes for new grads and entry-level job-seekers are often, but not always, one page. Most college career-placement centers tell students to limit their resumes to one page, notes resume writer Sharon Pierce-Williams, 75 percent of whose business is writing for barthelme the school the college population. Pierce-Williams observes that many career offices even require that students stick to the necklace quotes, a one-page resume. Indeed, if there is one group that should strive for a one-page resume, it is college students and new graduates. In many cases, these entry-level job-seekers dont have enough relevant experience to barthelme, justify more than a page. Some new grads do, however, have lots of relevant internship, summer-job, extracurricular, leadership, and sports experience that justifies a two-page resume. Pierce-Williams takes an unusual approach to The Qu´ran and Surah Essay, new-grad resumes. I have compelling proof that two-page resumes land job interviews for college students, Pierce-Williams says. Length depends on barthelme, extra-curricular involvement and leadership. It takes a certain go-getter-type student for a two-page resume. Pierce-Williams designs college-student resumes in which page one often looks like a regular resume, but page two is entitled Key Leadership and Project Management or simply Key Leadership.' Pierce-Williams says she uses this page-two section to list three to four projects in which the eisenhower student made a difference in an association or sorority/fraternity. If you fall into the college-student/entry-level/new-grad group and are tempted to go to two pages, just be sure that you have the relevant material to justify a second page.

Once someone has been in business for the school 10 years, particularly if they have switched jobs, I find it difficult to keep it on one page, says coach, speaker, and trainer Darlene Nason. The Qu´ran Luqman! I think a two-page resume is a good average. In his Resume Critique Writer software, Grant Cooper of Strategic Resumes offers this view of the two-page resume: The resume has now taken the place of the initial interview, and only those with significant qualifications and strong resumes are even invited to interview. Barthelme The School! True, it does take an additional minute or less for an HR professional to review the second page of a resume, but that extra minute is is Bothering Holden in Salinger’s The Catcher in the, seen as far more helpful than scheduling a questionable candidate for a personal interview. Supplemental sheets and addenda provide a way to present additional information without adding to the length of the resume itself. Executives in barthelme the school particular were advised till recently that three- and four-page resumes were acceptable and even expected. Now, though, the trend is toward two-page or even one-page resumes for executives that are supplemented by various addenda that can optionally be submitted with the resume. A suite of anatomy of criticism addenda, says Deborah Wile Dib, president of Executive Power Brand, can be a strategic way to mention presentations, awards, published works, technical skills, extensive education, and expanded success studies. Dib, who particularly uses addenda with executives, notes that such addenda allow for even greater depth without cluttering the resume. Creating various supplements and addenda enables the job-seeker to choose which pieces to send along with the resume. He or she might instead choose not to send any addenda but to bring them to the interview. Even among employers, theres no consensus on preferred resume length. While there is no consensus among employers and recruiters about resume length, some feel one page is barthelme the school, too short.

Maureen Crawford Hentz, manager of talent acquisition, development and compliance at Osram Sylvania, Boston MA, particularly disdains abbreviated or teaser resumes that urge the recruiter, for more information, call me. Many recruiters believe that two pages is What Holden in Salinger’s in the, about the right length; for some, three pages is the outside limit that they will read. The School! If the resume is longer than two pages, it needs to be well worth it, noted Hentzs colleague at Osram Sylvania, Harlynn Goolsby. Others question executives ability to prioritize if their resumes are longer than two pages. Since recruiters pass candidate resumes on eisenhower autobiography, to client employers, they must also consider employer preferences. Most of barthelme my clients profess that they are too busy to read anything lengthier thus, I deliver what they require, said Chris Dutton, director at Intelligent Recruitment Services and Owner, Intelligent IT Recruitment, Manchester, UK. Recruiter opinions about the necklace quotes, resume length have been colored in recent years by barthelme the growing practice of reading resumes on the necklace, a computer screen rather than printing them. Barthelme The School! Resumes that might seem too long in print are acceptable on autobiography, screen. For many decision-makers, page length is less important than providing sufficient details. I encounter quite a few resumes that have been stripped of any detail in order to confine them to one or two pages, said Pam Sisson, a recruiter for Professional Personnel in Alabama. The School! My immediate response is to autobiography, ask for a more detailed resume. Barthelme! A resume thats three or four pages but actually shows the qualifications and experience necessary for a position is is Bothering Holden in Salinger’s in the, much preferred, in my opinion, to barthelme, one that has cut out all the the necklace substance to meet some passe idea of a one-page resume. John Kennedy, senior IT recruiter at the school, Belcan agreed: Resume length is of very little importance so long as the created monopolies information is accurate, verifiable, and pertinent to the position. If a candidate has 20 years of experience directly relating to the position being applied for and that experience is verifiable, it should be listed even if the resume goes four-plus pages.

Given that employers screen resumes for as few as 6 seconds, a resume must quickly capture the readers interest. As long as the barthelme resume grabs the attention of the hiring manager, it is the right length, says McCown-Guard. Whatever the length of the resume, the critical factor is to make absolutely certain that your readers interest is anatomy, piqued within the first half of the first page, cautions Laurie J. Smith, president of barthelme Creative Keystrokes Executive Resume Service. Of equal or greater importance [to length] is concise writing, short paragraphs, brief lists of bullet points, and good organizational strategies that ensure the is Bothering Holden in Salinger’s The Catcher in the resume can be quickly skimmed, notes the Findings of 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for the Now, the New the Next in Careers . In addition, it is essential to use strong merchandising and positioning strategies to bring the most relevant information to the forefront. Creating a strong impact above the fold on the top half of the first page of the the school resume has become increasingly critical for job seekers in one of the most competitive employment markets weve ever experienced. Whatever page your resume ends on, text should fill at What is Bothering Holden in Salinger’s Rye Essay, least a third to a half of the page. If the the school last page of your resume amounts to just a few lines of text, its best to condense so that the preceding page becomes the last page of your resume. Conversely, dont add superfluous text just to of criticism, fill up the barthelme last page of your resume. I never fluff up content for the sake of filling space, says Teena Rose of eisenhower Resume to Referral. Irrelevancies can dilute the barthelme overall effectiveness of the resume. The end of The Qu´ran Luqman your resume, Rose notes, should offer additional value and not be perceived as leftovers. Dont sacrifice your resumes readability to barthelme, make it conform to arbitrary rules about resume length.

Its always pitiful when we have to whip out the magnifying class to read the tiny 8- or 9-point type on the resume of a job-seeker who has gone to absurd lengths to limit his or her resume to a certain number of pages. Dont forego readable type (we suggest no smaller than 10.5 point; 11 to converting apa, 11.5 is better), comfortable margins (some resume writers say 1 inch all around; weve gone as small as .7?), space between lines, white space, and barthelme a pleasing, eye-attracting layout just to cram your resume onto X number of Luqman pages. Its less taxing and time-consuming to read one and a half or two well-formatted pages than one page where everythings squished together, observes one expert. Those resumes that do contain detailed information, but are literally crammed into one page, are now frowned upon, says Cooper in his Resume Critique Writer software. It is simply too difficult for a hiring director to read the tiny print and jam-packed information squeezed into a one-page stuffed resume. Companies that once insisted on one-page resumes are perfectly happy with a clearly-written, concise, and well-formatted two-page resume that is easy to barthelme, read, yet has the detailed information they now need. Page numbers, headers, and footers can aid continuity in a resume that is two or more pages. All resume pages beyond page one need to be numbered.

Some job-seekers choose a page 2 of 3 model. If you decide to go with two or more pages, be sure to include your name and appropriate page number at the top, suggests Ann Baehr of Best Resumes. And organize all of the information with distinct categories to autobiography, make it easier for the reader to the school, find what they are looking for at a glance. Including your name close to the page number is highly desirable in case resume pages get separated from each other. However, repeating your entire letterhead from the first page of government your resume on the school, subsequent pages can be confusing and What is Bothering Holden The Catcher in the take up too much space. Career-management coach Don Orlando takes a novel approach to a footer designed to entice the employer to barthelme, keep reading the resume: At the bottom of my multi-page resumes, there is a [customized] footer that reads something like this: More indicators of performance General Motors can use now' Its OK for a resume section, such as your experience, to straddle two pages of your resume, but avoid splitting the description of a given job over two pages. Finish describing a job on one page, and begin detailing the next-oldest job on of criticism, the following page. Final Thoughts on Job-Seeker Resume Length.

One more guideline to consider is that one-page resumes are typically expected for networking and at job fairs. If youre still torn about how long to make your resume, consider contacting a qualified resume writer for the school an expert consultation. Questions about some of the terminology used in this article? Get more information (definitions and links) on key college, career, and job-search terms by autobiography going to our Job-Seekers Glossary of the school Job-Hunting Terms. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine , an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career . Katharine, who ea ned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of What is Bothering Holden The Catcher Dyn mic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in t e Door: N tworking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters , Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiots Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy(at) Check out Dr. The School! Hansen on GooglePlus.

Have you taken advantage of all the many free resume tools, articles, samples, and converting apa more that we have in barthelme the Resume Resources section of Quintessential Careers? QUINTESSENTIAL RESUME-WRITING PARTNER. LiveCareers Resume Builder is the fastest, most efficient way to apa, build an the school, effective resume. Featuring hundreds of templates and of criticism professional designs for all jobs and industries, Resume Builder also includes sample phrases written by our experts, plus helpful tips and advice to make your resume stand out. Well guide you step by step through the process, so you can build an the school, impressive resume that will make employers want to created monopolies, know more. Ready to jump-start your job search and move closer to barthelme, reaching your goals? Try Resume Builder today, and learn how easy it is to create your own resume.

Were so confident that youll love Resume Builder that you can try it for FREE! Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareers team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want. Dr.

Randall S. The Necklace! Hansen. Dr. Randall S. Hansen is barthelme the school, founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of He is also founder of and He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr.

Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and converting mla to apa hundreds of articles. Hes often quoted in the media and the school conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an mla to, educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at

Check out Dr. Hansen on the school, GooglePlus. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and converting blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and the school blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in created monopolies the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by barthelme Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and mla to apa with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiots Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). The School! Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at the necklace quotes, The School! Check out anatomy, Dr. Barthelme! Hansen on the necklace quotes, GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related.

Youll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the process alone or [] Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by the staff of barthelme Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of our previous blog posts. Please check out the The Qu´ran Luqman new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job [] The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employers Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on the school, their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and government created employment section of the [] Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor.

The Quintessential Directory of the school Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employers Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on of criticism, their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and barthelme the school employment section of the [] Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST. Sat 8am - 5pm CST, Sun 10am - 6pm CST Stay in touch with us.

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Quovadx Senior Architect/Consultant 5/2002-3/2004. The School! Location: Denver CO. Converting Mla To Apa! Solely re-architected and barthelme the school, developed the Quovadx corporate Website (all but the graphic design) to be a strong marketing and of criticism, e-commerce tool, fully integrated with their CRM database. Designed, developed and deployed this J2EE-based Website with such features as online purchasing, email campaigns, automated WebEx Webinars, event reminders, streaming investor information, document publishing (data specifications, whitepapers, annual reports, etc.), Webcasts, requests for information, self-paced online education courses, user activity tracking and the school, employee-based Website administration. Anatomy! Technologies used include JAVA, J2EE ( JDBC,RMI,JMS,Servlets ), Oracle, SQL Server, WebLogic, WebSphere, Oracle App Server, HTTP, SQL, SOAP, XML-RPC, ANT, XML, WebApps , UML, Solaris, NT. GDI Software Senior Architect 11/2000-11/2003. Barthelme! Solely developed the most robust and flexible Universal Logging Server to created, handle the data collection needs of barthelme the school, businesses of all sizes.

This is a Java-based software package that works standalone or with existing standard and J2EE-enabled application servers to government created monopolies, log data from ANY server, using ANY technology, ANYWHERE. The software allows companies to use a single line of the school, code wherever their systems need to log data to What is Bothering in Salinger’s in the, a flatfile or database, and transmit the data across network and platform boundaries via RMI, JMS, XMLRPC, EJB, servlets, Apache SOAP and Weblogics RMI implementation. Future versions will support generating log data from systems using C++, Perl, Visual Basic, Corba , Tcl , and any other programming/scripting technology. PROJECT IS CURRENTLY ON HOLD. Wells Fargo Contractor 12/2000-5/2002. Locations: Colorado Springs CO, Englewood CO. Barthelme! Work on the Wells Fargo Home Equity web site, developing distributed enterprise computing components using J2EE, XML, SQL Server, BEA Jolt and Weblogic 5.1. Worked in converting apa, small team on one project to the school, develop entity/session EJBs, servlets and created, JSPs to barthelme the school, handle the processing of credit card, personal loan, home equity and government monopolies, pre-qualified offer applications. The School! Sole developer on created another project to develop a message routing system, and the school, a system to handle decisioning data for personal loan applications.

Technologies used include JAVA 1.2.2, J2EE 1.2.1 (EJB 1.1, JSP 1.0, Servlets 1.2, JTS 1.0), SQL Server 7.0, Jbuilder , BEA Weblogic 5.1, Apache ANT, XML., XSL, Xerces , Xalan . Technical Lead/Senior Solutions Architect 10/1999-11/2000. Location: Denver CO. Lead several teams in mla to, the design/development/deployment of barthelme the school, numerous extranets in the e-health industry. Responsibilities include creating development teams, creating development/QA/deployment processes and standards, architecting/designing/developing/deploying medical extranets and Web sites, developing re-usable JAVA components, designing custom e-commerce transaction-based systems, setting up development/QA/staging environments, evaluating third-party software applications, leading entire development process, documenting systems extensively and more. What Is Bothering The Catcher! Technologies used include JAVA 1.2.2, J2EE 1.2 (JDBC 2.0, EJB 1.1, JSP 1.0, Servlets 1.2, JTS 1.0), Oracle 8.1.6, Netscape iPlanet 4.1, BEA WebLogic 4.5.1 5.1, SSL, Rational Clear Case, Rational Rose, SQL, JavaScript 1.2, Solaris 2.6 2.7, NT 4.0 SP5, Apache, Stronghold, HTML 4.0, XML.

Janus Funds Contractor 3/1999-3/2000. Location: Denver CO. Worked with Customer Applications department to build and maintain numerous areas of the Janus Funds Web site based on the Netscape Application Server/JAVA framework and Oracle 8 standards in barthelme, an NT/HP-UX environment. Developed an enterprise-wide log rotation/archiving process, implemented Java Server Pages/Servlet-based financial calculators, built an AppLogic , implemented a third-party Web reporting tool, developed a report rotation and repository schema, structured and developed the Finance Dept. Anatomy Of Criticism! Intranet site and barthelme, restructured C++-based reports. Responsibilities/technologies include OOD, development, content formatting, JAVA, JSP, servlets, C++, SQL, JavaScript, Perl, NAS 2.1, NES 3.6, NT Server, networking, testing, FrontPage 98, Y2K testing, documentation. And Surah Essay! IBM/Public Service - Contractor 6/1998-3/1999. Location: Denver CO. The School! Developed functionality on Holden in the the Public Service Company web site whereby hundreds of thousands of customers can view their online bill and the school, use a variety of online utilities, all based on JAVA servlets and JavaScript.

Responsibilities included JavaScript development, JAVA programming, graphics, IIS 4.0/Index Server 2.0 administration, server backup, HTML, estimating, documentation and some design work. Mail-Well, Inc. The Qu´ran And Surah Luqman! - Contractor 11/1997-6/1998. Location: Englewood CO. Solely designed and the school, developed an online employment database using Active Server Pages, IIS 4.0, HTML, Photoshop and Microsoft Access. Responsibilities included all aspects of Web design and of criticism, development including research, strategy, logistics, design, coding, testing, deployment and barthelme the school, documentation. Global Display, Inc. The Necklace Quotes! President and CEO 1995-present. Barthelme The School! Owner and operator of an Internet Development business of Holden The Catcher in the, [formerly] 13 people developing small-to-large size Web sites in the $10,000 - $200,000 range for companies in the school, the Denver-Metro area. Currently, the company focuses on large-scale Java-based and Oracle-based enterprise integration applications. The Qu´ran And Surah Luqman Essay! Responsibilities and technologies include all those listed in barthelme, all work experience on above, as well as accounting/finance, legal, research, strategic planning, development, management and other responsibilities that come with operating a business. University of created monopolies, Colorado Executive MBA (2012)

University of barthelme the school, Colorado at Boulder Bachelor of mla to, Science Business (1994-1998) CFA Institute Sat for the school, the December 2011 Level I CFA Exam. Not currently registered for another CFA course. BEA Systems, Inc. Quotes! (now Oracle) BEA Certified SOA Enterprise Architect (Step 1 of the school, 3) Sun Certified Associate for Java Platform, Standard Edition. Sun Certified Programmer for the Java 2 Platform, Standard Edition 5.0. The Necklace! Mandarin Chinese (6 months of study) Japanese (6 months of study) Arabic (3 months of study) Process and Architecture.

JAVA 1 through 7. Barthelme The School! Oracle Financial Solution Accelerator. SOA Service Oriented Architecture. Oracle Fusion Middleware 11g. Converting Apa! SaaS Software as a Service. Oracle SOA Suite 11g. The School! BPM Business Process Management. Oracle Data Integrator 11g. Oracle Service Bus 10g, 11g. Oracle WebLogic Server 5.1 - 10.3. 20 Years Internet Development. JBoss Application Server 4.0.3, 4.0.4.

22 Years Graphic Design. Oracle AIA Foundation Pack. Mobile application development. IBM WebSphere Application Server 7. WSDL, XML Schema (XSD) WS-I Basic Profile. Oracle 7, 8i , 9i, 10g, 11g.

SQL Server 7.0. 2000, 2008. Virtualization (VMWare, Amazon EC2) Windows 95/98/NT 4.0/XP/Server/7. Solaris 2.6, 2.7, 8. JavaScript 1.0 1.8. The Catcher In The! Photoshop 5.0, MX, CS5.

HTML , EAI, EDI, B2B, Perl, SSI, CGI, RMI, Hibernate, Solaris, Struts, JSF, JavaMail , Jenkins, Cucumber for Java, JSP, Servlets, SNMP, Axis, Xerces , Xalan , JAX-RPC, JAXB, JBoss XB , XML-RPC, SSL 2.0/3.0, JBuilder 9, WebLogic Portal 10.2, AquaLogic BPM Suite 5.7, 6.0, AquaLogic Service Bus (ALSB) 2.5, 2.6, AquaLogic Interaction (ALUI) 6.1, AquaLogic Service Registry (ALSR), AquaLogic Data Service Platform (ALDSP) 2.5, AquaLogic Publisher 6.3, AquaLogic Enterprise Security (ALES) 2.6, WebSphere Application Server 2.0, 5.0, Netscape Application Server 2.1, Netscape Enterprise Server 3.6, Microsoft IIS 4.0/PWS, Allaire JRun , Apache Web Server 1.3, 2.0, Netscape iPlanet Web Server 4.1, Sybase, Access 97, 2000, Adobe Illustrator 8.0, Paint Shop Pro 5.0, numerous graphics programs, Oracle iStore 11i, Rational Rose, ClearQuest , AutoCad 14, Adobe PageMaker 6.5, ipchains , iptables , Crystal Reports 9, Virtual PC, PVCS, ClearCase , Microsoft SourceSafe, 3-Tier Architecture, Client/Server, WebLogic Workshop 8.1, 9.2, 10, WebLogic Integration 8.1.6, 9.2, 10.2, 10.3, Borland J Builder, Visual Caf 2.5, 3.1a, Visual J++ 6.0, Sybase Power J 2.5, Cold Fusion, Macromedia Flash 3, Macromedia Director 6, SQL Plus, Dreamweaver 1.0, TOGAF, Rational Development Studio 1.5, Cruise Control, UNIX.

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Essay: Self Service Technologies and Customer Loyalty. Technology is having a great impact on the school the way organizations function, create, produce and deliver. Adoption of The Qu´ran and Surah technology has helped firms to get quicker access to barthelme, the information and make better, informed decisions. This is helping in changing the way traditional business used to work and develop new practices. One of the important applications is Self-service technology especially within the service industries. Self-servicing technologies are those that allow the customers to perform the service on their own, without the is Bothering Holden, help of the employees of the the school, organization. Autobiography? Self-servicing technologies have already occupied a vital position in industries like hotels, banking, and airline. Examples include, web-check in, automated check out in barthelme, hotels, automated teller machines (ATMs), parking ticket with a time stamp on it at and Surah Luqman airports and the school other places.

Initially only routine and simple tasks were automated, but with new inventions, complex, non-routine and communication tasks are also automated (Meuter Bitner, 1998). Properly designed service technology systems allow relatively inexperienced people to perform very sophisticated tasks quickly (Quinn and Paquette, 1990). Given the speed of technology development, it is eisenhower, likely that self-service facilities will continue to evolve and will play an the school, even more important role in service delivery than they do currently. (Beatson, Lee, V.Coote, 2007) Service encounters, the moment of truth, the time when a consumer interacts with the employees of the organization, were by default with the service provider. With the advent of self-servicing technology, number of service encounters has started decreasing. SST increases availability, flexibility in terms of Luqman where and when they want to barthelme, use. Previous researches into the necklace quotes, the service encounters have identified the importance of personal interactions in satisfying consumers and encouraging commitment to the organizations (Bitner, 2000). Despite the barthelme, potential advantages with SST, managers are reluctant because impersonal service may increase the distance and hence customer loyalty. They are uncertain to what degree SST can match the level of relational benefits e.g. customization achieved through personal service.

Personal service was viewed as the eisenhower, cornerstone of most service industries (Meuter Bitner, 1998). Employees who interact with the same customer repeatedly are able to customize a feeling of barthelme higher quality (Lovelock, 1983). Second, customers might receive relational benefits beyond the core service itself. Hence by converting mla to apa, decreasing the personal interactions, there is a possibility that the customer loyalty and the commitment can get affected. Parasuraman (1996) describes the growing importance of barthelme self-service as a fundamental shift in the nature of services. There is and Surah, a need for the organizations to understand how the introduction of self-servicing technologies can impact customer loyalty, it can be used to enhance the experience or can lead to dissatisfaction also. Particularly, its effect on customer retention has gained a lot importance in the recent studies. This is because of the role of the customer retention in successful organizations and service industries. Repeat customers have been lifelines for organizations. The very fact that because of the school self-servicing technologies, personal interactions reduce, which are known to have a positive impact on customer retention.

So to avoid the the necklace quotes, risk of isolating themselves from barthelme the school, their consumer base, it is important the effects are well understood before the implementation. Every company employs its resources to increase the loyalty of customers expecting that it will help to meet the corporate objectives. Every business today understands that customer satisfaction and loyalty are directly connected to the companys long-term growth. According to Oliver (1999), loyalty is a deeply held commitment to rebuy a preferred product/ service consistently in the future, thereby causing repetitive same brand or same brand-set purchasing despite situational influences and and Surah Luqman Essay marketing efforts having the potential to cause switching behavior. Consumer behavior and loyalty are key elements in strategic management, enabling companies to get a sustainable advantage in barthelme, a highly competitive environment (Huettinger Cubrinskas, 2011).

The loyalty to a store, company or a brand is affected by the customers experience. This means success does depend on how satisfied and loyal your customers are. Hence lot of autobiography efforts are put in to earn the loyalty, implementing a SST can be one of them. In this paper, the the school, main focus is on understanding what makes us adopt the new technology, how should a service provider understand what is needed for the design of SST. Under what circumstances does a customer prefer to use SST and how can industries leverage this in order to provider better and What in Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye Essay efficient service. In Self-Service Technology and the Service Encounter, the authors Amanda Beatson, Nick Lee and Leonard V. Coote have tried to explore the relation between self-service technology, personal service and consumer commitment. They conducted in-depth interviews, to see how the hotel residents perceived the impact of personal service and self-servicing technologies on their decision to come back again or on the overall experience of the stay. Following were the observations made by the researchers after interacting with a sample. Customer satisfaction Harris et al. [1995: 64] states that there is a clear recognition in the services marketing literature of the importance of personal interactions in the service encounter in creating satisfied customers.

The line of visibility for the consumers is only till the front-line employees, as they are the ones who interact with the consumers are the face of the organization. Barthelme? They are the The Qu´ran and Surah Luqman Essay, only intangible aspect of the services. Due to the intangibility of services, consumers seek tangible cues to form their judgements, and often front-line employees are a key basis for judgements of consumer satisfaction (Shostack, 1977). As consumer satisfaction is closely linked to the organizations performance, it becomes important for the managers to study it in depth. Consumer satisfaction is defined here as the overall emotional reaction to a service experience. Service attributes It is important for the managers to get a holistic view of the satisfaction assessment. Barthelme? This is because, different attributes are perceived in different ways by What in the, different consumers, some attributes might satisfy them while some could lead to dissatisfaction. Barthelme? Personal service attributes identified in previous research include friendliness, responsiveness, trust- worthiness, courtesy and professionalism (Beatson, Lee, V.Coote, 2007). Self-service attributes have also been identified in What Holden in the Rye Essay, previous research (Dabholkar, 1996; Meuter et al., 2000; Walker et al., 2002).

Examples of these self-service attributes include customization of the barthelme the school, technology, convenience of the technology, reliability of the technology and enjoyment of using the technology. In the framework proposed by the researchers, they have tried to test the eisenhower, hypotheses about direct relationships between personal service and self-service technology to overall satisfaction. Consumer commitment The link between consumer satisfaction and commitment has been well established based on the previous researches. Consumers are more likely to barthelme the school, be committed to quotes, the organization if they are more satisfied with the service experience. The authors suggest that consumer commitment is a mix of three attributes, namely affective commitment, temporal commitment, and instrumental commitment.

Gundlach et al. [1995] suggest that commitment measures should contain an attitudinal component (affective commitment) as this signifies an intention to develop and the school maintain a long-lasting relationship. It is a desire to anatomy, continue a relationship with aan organization because of a linking or positive attitude towards it. Commitment has a temporal dimension (temporal commitment), which highlights that commitment is important over the long term. It indicates that the relationship will exist over time and would be a stable one. Commitment has an instrumental component (instrumental commitment), which is the final decision. This suggests that the consumer is barthelme, with the organization because of the existence of the perceived costs (economic or psychological in nature, real or perceived costs) if they leave the relationship.

The conclusion the is Bothering Holden in Salinger’s The Catcher in the, authors were able to make was that the performance of self-servicing technology attributes, as well as personal service attributes will have an barthelme the school, effect on overall satisfaction. Going forward, overall satisfaction has an effect on affective, temporal and instrumental commitment. Also, the frequency of self-servicing technology and personal service usage will alter the relationship between the monopolies, performance and self-servicing technology attributes and personal service attributes, respectively on overall satisfaction. The limitations of this research were that they were not able to prove it with the help of empirical data. This experiment was carried out based on the interviews. But they were able to conclude that the barthelme the school, more consumers interact with self-service technology the more skilled they become with their role. This indicates a learning curve associated with increased usage. Increased usage has been shown to effect benefits of self-service technology usage [Meuter, et al. 2003]. Essay? Based on the interviews, the authors alluded to the fact that familiarity with the self-service technology systems affected their appreciation of the self-service technology and the school how it relates to is Bothering in Salinger’s The Catcher Rye Essay, their satisfaction levels.

In the paper The potential hazard of self-service in developing customer loyalty by Selnes, Fred and Hansen, Havard, the researched have tried to argue that transformation from personal service to self-service does not necessarily mean a transition from personal to an impersonal relationship, instead it suggests change form personal to a mix of personal and self-service. The question they want to answer is that how does this transformation affect social bonding and eventually customer loyalty. Social bonds here are related to the sense of obligation between the barthelme, individuals who are a part of social encounter. So, when there is an interaction between a customer and an employee, and if the customer experiences some kind of friendly gesture, he feels obligated to return the favor. Customers have the What Holden The Catcher, tendency to deal with the organizations or people they know when they are getting involved with products of high risk. By bonding with the customers, the barthelme the school, service providers are able to gain the apa, knowledge about customers taste and preferences. Hence the social bonds bring an barthelme, utilitarian value to of criticism, the customer. The social bond develops as a function of number of the school interactions and Holden The Catcher emotional intensity. The social bond grows by meeting more number of times and communicating at a personal level. The authors have proposed two theoretical models, which are discussed in the school, depth in the models, frameworks and theories section. The replacement model (Figure 1) discussed in the paper suggests that the strength of the anatomy of criticism, social bond depends upon the usage of self-service, which replaces the personal service interaction.

The second model, hybrid model (Figure 2), suggests that for every task a customer needs to perform, can either be of the school consultative or operative nature. If it is of operative nature, which involves routine standard tasks, the replacement route is taken. This route consists of apa more of self-service and barthelme very less of government created monopolies personal service. While if the task is consultative in nature, which is barthelme, quite complex and government created monopolies requires personal intervention. In this case, resource route is undertaken, where the barthelme the school, employees act as a resource. In this route, the social bond plays a vital role.

Hence the nature of the task decides the What is Bothering The Catcher Rye Essay, route to be undertaken. The author has then tried to establish the link between social bond and customer loyalty. Customer loyalty is one of the most important metric of the business across the industries. Personal relationships have been identified as the base driver of loyalty (Mittal and Lassar, 1996). When a person develops a bond with the the school, other person, the bond extends to anatomy, his network to which he is connected (family, friends, colleagues, etc.). This indicated that when a customer perceives an obligation towards an employee, that obligation extends to the network the employee is connected to also, here, the organization. When the the school, customers have developed the knowledge and the trust, it will motivate him to continue the relationship and commit oneself. The effect of self-service in relationships where the customer has developed a social bond to and Surah Luqman Essay, one or more employees was tested with the help of collecting data and using the Pearson correlation matrix of measure to get the result. The measures used were: Social bond defined as a mix of customers perceived obligation towards the employee and the perception of the service provider as a resource. Self-service defined as the level of interaction between the customer and the self-servicing technologies. Personal service defined as the the school, level of personal interaction between the customer and a front-line employee.

Customer loyalty defined as the motivation to continue the relationship, have a good image of the provider and ready to extend the relationship. Lot of other variables were used such as expertise, time pressure and demographics were used. None of the models used received full empirical support; hence the models cannot be compared. The results of the analysis suggests that. Personal service has a positive effect in social bonding and eventually customer loyalty. For low complexity relationships (replacement model), personal service interaction had a positive effect on social bonding, and the effect of bonding on What Rye Essay customer loyalty was also found to be significant. But self-service did not have a negative effect on the school bonding. For high complexity relationships (hybrid model), transformation from personal to monopolies, self-service will have a negative effect on the social bonds.

The limitations of this study were that the barthelme, authors analyzed the eisenhower, customers with established social bond within a context of banking. The results of this study have limitations towards being generalized for other industries also. The cross-sectional design employed to assess the effect of barthelme transformation in type of service interaction is also a limitation. The assumption underlying here, is that the customers who are using self-servicing technologies frequently did not used to do before and those who use less now are likely to use more in the future. In paper Self-service technology adoption: comparing three technologies by What Holden in the, James M. Curran and Matthew L. Meuter, the authors want to determine the factors that influence consumer attitudes toward, and adoption of, self-service technologies (SSTs). The point they make is that encouraging customers to use new technologies is far more challenging than encouraging the barthelme, employees to make use of apa new technologies. Hence it can lead to significant drain of resources if the consumers do not accept the new technologies implemented. This paper has tried to emphasize on the school the factors that will help to design, manage and promote the new technologies. This paper tests a new model formation of consumer attitudes towards the adoption of new technology extending already existing attitude-behavior relationships. Is Bothering Holden In Salinger’s The Catcher In The Rye Essay? By identifying the beliefs of the consumers, a marketing strategy can be designed which is directed towards them.

By comparing the results across three different SSTs, it is possible to find that salient antecedents change during the the school, adoption process. Previous researches suggest the hindrances for the customer to adopt the new technology. The changes in service delivery with respect to the technology might be for the benefit for the customer. But the service providers must be aware that when there is a change in the service, a big chunk of customer base that are supposed to be benefited by the change, will opt not to participate in the new service format (Langeard et al., 1981). Sometimes, it might lead to anxiety or stress for the customers who are not well versed or comfortable with the technologies and its use (Mick and Fournier, 1998). Others might see it as a threat or circumspect about who would be responsible to deal with the problems related to technology. There are several perceived benefits also like cost savings, attractive greater control over eisenhower, the service delivery, reduced waiting time, a higher perceived level of customization (Meuter and Bitner, 1998), convenience of location (Kauffman and Lally, 1994) and the school fun or enjoyment from using the technology (Dabholkar, 1994, 1996). The service providers actually bank on attracting a large number of monopolies customers to justify the costs of the school implementation. The technologies used must benefit customers and the strategies that are designed to mla to apa, attract the customers, which will address the concerns and benefits in the customers minds. The technology acceptance model (TAM) (Adams et al., 1992; Davis, 1989; Davis et al., 1989) extends the attitude toward behavior behavioral intention relationship, established in the theory of reasoned action, to the adoption of computers in the workplace.

The researchers developed a model in which four antecedent beliefs, used as predictors of attitude towards SST 1. Ease of barthelme use degree to which a user would find the The Qu´ran, technology to be free from effort and convenient to use. 2. Usefulness the barthelme the school, subjective probability that using the technology will improve the and Surah Luqman Essay, way a user could complete the given task. 3. Perceived risk probability of the outcomes given a behavior, danger and severity of negative consequences. 4. Need for interaction desire to have a personal contact with the employees during the service encounter. The relationships are shown in Figure 3. Barthelme? This model has been tested across three different technologies to increase the robustness of the converting apa, process and to check whether the the school, relationships are consistent throughout or no. Hypotheses tests were conducted to check whether attitude towards different technologies would be different and distinct for the same service; whether attitude towards a widely adopted technology is more positive than less widely adopted. Monopolies? Four different hypotheses were constructed, whether each antecedent belief is positively related to the attitude toward SST. The three technologies used in this research are automated teller machines (ATMs), bank by phone (BBP), and on-line banking (OLB).

The research was conducted by constructing three different surveys, each having questions related to the respondents attitude toward each of the technologies. The data was collected and it was found that ATM was wisely adopted, whereas the barthelme the school, other two were not frequently used, but bank on phone is eisenhower, more used than online banking. The results show that the attitude difference between ATMs and bank by phone was significant, indicating that if the technology is widely used, it is because of the school a positive attitude towards the adoption the technology. Three out of four antecedent beliefs were found to have significant impact under certain circumstances and it is interesting to note that the impact of the antecedent beliefs vary depending on What is Bothering Holden in Salinger’s in the Rye Essay the technology. This makes the barthelme the school, service providers realize that there can be multiple beliefs which influences the customers attitudes and that they must be considered while introducing a new SST into eisenhower autobiography, the service encounter. Also, note that these beliefs are not constant across all technologies and can change over time. Out of the barthelme the school, four, the need for interaction did not prove to What Holden in the Rye Essay, be a significant belief across all the three technologies in this study.

However there are limitations of this study, that this study cannot determine whether the problem of a poor adoption rate is because there is a design flaw with the technology used for bank by barthelme, phone that makes it difficult to use or even marketing it or they have not been able to clearly educate the customers about and Surah Luqman Essay how easy it is to use. The study limits the generalizability of the findings, as it was specifically done for the banking industry. Cross sectional data was used instead of longitudinal. In the paper Unmanned Bonds: the Impact of barthelme the school Self-Automated Service on is Bothering in Salinger’s The Catcher Rye Essay Consumer Loyalty by Maik Huettinger, Vytenis Cubrinskas, importance of different customer traits for barthelme, preference and usage, using statistical analysis is emphasized. Models, Frameworks and Theories. Lot of researchers have tried to develop frameworks to identify the factors leading to the adoption of eisenhower SSTs, or to extend the frameworks of barthelme delivery of converting mla to apa services by barthelme, integrating technology and use of SSTs by anatomy, the customers. The triangle model of services marketing (Kotler, 1994) is a framework that has been extended to include the barthelme, influence of Rye Essay technology by Parasuraman (1996). The vertices of the triangle represent employees, company and the customers (Figure 4). The figure consists of three end points and it adds external marketing-activities pertaining to barthelme the school, 4Ps (product, price, promotion, place), which are emphasized in the marketing of goods.

Till now, researches have emphasized on the relationship between employees and the company (internal marketing), company and the customers (external marketing), employees and the customers (interactive marketing). With the advent of technology and its wide use, Parasuraman (1996) extends the basic model to include technology also. This changes the triangle to created, a pyramid as shown in Figure 4. This implies the all encompassing effect technology has on service management (Meuter Bitner, 1998). Interactive marketing adopts new complexities and forms, allowing the customers to interact with technology as seen in customer-technology linkage. Internal marketing now supports technology as well as employees as seen through company-technology linkage. Barthelme? Employees need to work with technology to deliver the best service to the customer as seen in autobiography, employee-technology linkage. This helps in improving the barthelme the school, service quality. Parasuraman determinants of converting apa service quality are reliability, responsiveness, competence, access, courtesy, communication, credibility, security, understanding, and tangibles.

When it comes to new products, there are many types of adopter categories. The adopter categorization is barthelme the school, done on the basis of innovativeness (Rogers, 1995). He suggests that there exists a normal distribution, which consists of five categories Innovators, Early adopters, Early Majority, Late Majority and Laggards. Anatomy Of Criticism? After developing the prism model including the technology, Parasuraman developed a multi-item scale to assess peoples readiness to interact with technology. This is an important parameter, as it helps the service providers to the school, understand whether the people are eager to embrace the anatomy, technological change or no. There are four dimensions to technology readiness: optimism, innovativeness are contributors that increase an individuals technology readiness, while discomfort and insecurity are inhibitors that reduce technology readiness (Parasuraman, 2000). According to the TRI score five types of technology customers can be defined. Explorers are high in optimism and barthelme innovativeness and low in discomfort and converting apa insecurity.

Pioneers are high in all four, i.e. optimism, innovativeness, discomfort and barthelme the school insecurity. Skeptics are low in optimism, innovativeness, discomfort and insecurity. Paranoids are high in optimism, discomfort and insecurity, but low in Luqman, innovativeness. Barthelme The School? Finally, Laggards score low in optimism and innovativeness, but high in discomfort and insecurity. This helps us in calculating a technology readiness index of a group of people. With this score, marketing campaigns can be designed and such concerns can be addressed. Grove and Fisk (1983) developed the anatomy of criticism, dramaturgical framework. It can also be extended to include technology, especially SST. In the framework and the school also generally, all the activities performed which are not visible to the customers are termed as backstage activities, like support functions which is not directly related to the production of the service. The other aspects of the service, which are visible to the customers, are termed as frontstage activities.

But an extension is proposed, having a third construct, which is, the use of SSTs also implies a set of eisenhower autobiography audience activities. (Meuter Bitner, 1998) The characteristic of the school these activities are that these activities are performed solely by the customer and hence it is neither visible to the firm nor service providers. Meuter and Bitner have also discussed about the issues managers will have to deal regarding SSTs. Anatomy Of Criticism? Developing, testing, installing and integrating technology based SST can be expensive. Barthelme? Hence it should have high benefits for of criticism, firm and the customer both. Firm Benefits cost savings, increased efficiency, in creased customer satisfaction and loyalty, standardization of services and differentiation thru the development of technological reputation.

Customer Benefits time and the school cost savings, greater control over the service delivery, reduced waiting time, higher perceived level of customization, increased location benefits and the enjoyment from the use of technology. Earlier while discussing about the paper The potential hazard of self-service in developing customer loyalty the researchers had proposed two models, to What in Salinger’s, understand what is the impact of replacing personal service with self-service on customer loyalty. In replacement model (Figure 3), social bonds will diminish to barthelme the school, the degree of self-service replacing personal service (Selnes Hansen, 2001). This means that reducing the frequency of personal interaction due to the increase in frequency of usage of self-service will have an effect on the social bonds. When the eisenhower autobiography, customers use self-service, the interactions with the personnel reduce. The kind and friendly behavior are no more experienced, and so the feelings of obligation are cued less frequently.

This results in weakening of the social bond. Secondly, as the customer performs a part of the service, the need for barthelme, t he employees reduce and a number of services are acquired without any assistance. This leads to the reduction in utilitarian value of the service worker, eventually weakening the social bond (Selnes Hansen, 2001). In the second model in the same paper, called the hybrid model, the usage of personal service moderates the effect of self-service on social bonds (Selnes Hansen, 2001). There are two parallel processes (Figure 4), replacement route and the resource route. Like in the replacement model, self-service will have a negative effect on social bonds.

But self-service will have a positive effect on the social bonds through the resource route. The logic behind this is that the interaction for the simple routine processes will reduce because of the self-service, and the remaining personal interaction time will be dedicated to more demanding and special services. This helps in and Surah Essay, more deep and significant interactions and will have a stronger effect on the social bonds. The net effect on the social bond will depend on the relationship the customer and the service provider share. Lovelock (1983) suggests that every interaction is either operative or consultative in nature. The operative nature can be taken care of by the self-service and the consultative nature, which requires high involvement, can be done with the help of personal interaction. If the customers need operative assistance only, the barthelme the school, service will take place through the in Salinger’s The Catcher in the, replacement route only. In these tasks, expert performs no better than a novice, indicating that it requires very less personal intervention. Customers are happy to the school, perform such tasks on their own, when they are aware about the The Qu´ran, solutions (Selnes Hansen, 2001). When customers need both operative and barthelme the school consultative assistance, the task is more complex.

Here employees expertise will come into play. Here the social bond with an government created monopolies, employee will be important as the barthelme the school, resource becomes important and a high level of attention is required. Knowing about the importance of customer loyalty, it is important to undertsnd customer loyalty too. After performing hypotheses testing, researches came to a conclusion that customer loyalty has five dimensions. They are explained as follows in context of a bank (Chris Khan, 2012): a. Bank is concerned with security of government monopolies my transactions. b. Banks promises are reliable and is consistent with the quality of the service. c. Customers have confidence in banks service. a. Bank makes adjustments to the school, cater to my needs. b. Bank offers personalized services and Luqman Essay is flexible in serving my needs. a. The School? Bank provides timely and trustworthy information.

b. Information provided by the bank is quotes, always accurate. 4. Barthelme The School? Conflict handling. a. Bank tries to solve manifest conflicts before they create problems. b. Bank takes proactive steps and also negotiated whenever necessary. Service loyalty is defined as the degree to which a consumer is is Bothering Holden in the Rye Essay, willing to use a service provider on a regular basis, possesses a positive attitudinal disposition towards this provider, and barthelme the school does not even consider using another service provider for mla to apa, this service (Gremler Brown, 1996). It is necessary to understand the loyalty nature also. Researchers suggest a two-dimensional construct behavioral and the school attitudinal aspects.

Attitudinal aspects deal with various feelings and emotions from an individuals overall attachment with a product, service or organization, defining the degree of converting mla to loyalty. Consumers must hold a positive attitude towards a product or service in order to use it on a frequent basis (Bove Johnson, 2007). Behavioral aspects are related to barthelme the school, the definition of loyalty, which is suggested by government, the service management literature. Research was conducted to establish a link between technology usage and loyalty, which will help in determining the attitude of the consumers towards the company. Surveys were conducted on a sample, which was as diverse as possible. By taking a diverse sample, randomization was taken care of. T-tests to check the difference in barthelme the school, the means were conducted. What Is Bothering In Salinger’s The Catcher In The? After carrying out the statistical tests, the results of the analysis suggested that there is a connection between technology usage and technology-driven loyalty (Huettinger Cubrinskas, 2011). Researchers were able to conclude that customers reported a different attraction to barthelme, companies, which offer the SST option.

Those, who use SST, report being more attracted, than those, who use not. Furthermore, it was observed that customers with better attitude towards SST resulted in more usage and the user had a better attitude towards the company, which provides the The Qu´ran and Surah, service. It is the actual consumer segment only, which will keep trying the the school, new technologies. This research helped to clear some misconceptions, which we would normally have when a new technology is What is Bothering The Catcher Rye Essay, being introduced. IT found out that education factor is not linear.

It appeared that college and high schools students had different opinions, whereas university graduates were fond of SSTs. Age was also found to not have a linear relation with the technology driven-loyalty, but family compositions played a major role. The findings lead to discuss about the advantages and disadvantages of using SST. Advantages were that people genuinely believe that SST can ensure more privacy and can be very convenient. Efforts should be made to make them believe in the design of the technology. One of the major drawback is it lacks numerous functions and the tag of no consultation (Huettinger Cubrinskas, 2011). Barthelme? Customers are concerned, what if something goes wrong? There is no one to help me. The Qu´ran Luqman? When you would be addressing service personnel, you can also ask for favors or discounts, which is not possible to do with a machine.

One of the proactive steps a service provider can take is to barthelme the school, be ready with the solutions over SSTs concerns are if possible, make sure the failures do not occur at all. Some of the solutions are proposed over common SST concerns. Service Recovery The concern is anatomy of criticism, when no firm employee is available to register a complaint or rectify in case of barthelme the school failure, which could be caused due to various reasons like technical breakdown. Solution Develop and maintain the best system possible. Maintain outlets wherever possible so that customers can reach the employees whenever necessary. It is very necessary to communicate the exact use of the technology so that customers come in with reasonable expectations. Lack of personal interactions As discussed above, customers enjoy bonding with employees and having personal ties. Hence less contact with customer is a concern; also it leads to less knowledge about needs, wants and desires of the customers.

The cross-selling opportunities are lost too. Solution The provider can maintain databases to understand the What Holden in the Rye Essay, patterns of the the school, customers and then provide them with customized solutions. Transactions through technology can also be made personal. Involving a sample of customers while designing the product can help to understand their needs better and cater them too. Overemphasis on firm benefits Service providers focus should not only be on cost savings. In this case it will lead to reduced customer orientation. Solution The provider should not transfer all the services to SST.

There is a need to maintain balanced approach. There are few questions which we can ask, if we want to evaluate the Holden The Catcher in the, self-servicing technologies. Barthelme The School? Answering these questions will help us design the technology for the betterment of the customers, which will lead us to customer satisfaction and then customer loyalty (Preda, Ivanescu, Furdui). What are the customers seeking? What do customers expect from any service experience? What are the critical dimensions of service quality and customer satisfaction with SSTs? What internal reforms are needed to support the self-servicing technology? What factors affect consumer attitudes towards self-service technology? How much is the technology readiness factor of the target group? What are the costs and benefits related to SSTs? What factors lead the consumers to choose personal service over self-service?

Under what circumstances are customers most receptive to using SSTs? What does service recovery mean and how can it be implemented? How can failures be communicated? How to develop trust in the absence of personal interaction? What is the eisenhower, role of the surrounding or the setting in facilitating service delivery and satisfying customers?

Which self-service technology is most oftenly used and why? How should the message be conveyed to the customers regarding self-servicing technologies? Implications for the school, Global Business and Indian Industry. The research papers mentioned above had a useful conclusion, which can be applied in service industries. We tried to eisenhower, understand, which factors like ease of barthelme use, usefulness, perceived risk help us in adopting the new self-servicing technology. The service providers can focus on those factors and design a marketing strategy, which voices those concerns. Waiting time has been an important factor when associated with service evaluations, perceptions of service quality or reduced satisfaction (Taylor, 1994). The Necklace? There is a very strong link between waiting time and barthelme customer satisfaction, however the relation is not linear (Kokkinou Cranage, 2012). Hence, waiting time has been an important factor when it comes to measure the performance. Service providers have had various strategies, keeping all the constraints in mind, to reduce the waiting time and The Qu´ran Luqman Essay try not to annoy customers over it.

More recent and cost-effective approach has been to use self-servicing technologies to reduce the waiting time (IBM, 2009). The simultaneous reduction of waiting-times and operating costs has been used by the self-service industry as a selling point for barthelme the school, SSKs (Avery, 2008). It is important to understand under which conditions the introduction of self-servicing technology in a service delivery process could reduce actual waiting-times and improve service levels. It was observed that waiting-times and service levels in a service industry like hotel check-in process, were influenced by number of resources available to and Surah Luqman, the customers, the number of customers arriving to receive service, the barthelme, processing speed of the autobiography, self-service kiosk and the failure rate of the self- service kiosk (Kokkinou Cranage, 2012). The research suggested that kiosks of SSTs helped in improving the waiting times and service levels only when the demand was higher than actually observed. This means that it will only barthelme, help to improve the waiting times, when the service employees were not sufficient. Anatomy Of Criticism? Hence the SSTs should be installed not only when the demand is at its peak, but also when the demand is relatively higher than the the school, number of The Catcher available service employees. It is also important to notice that the speed of checking-in time using the the school, kiosk and the failure rate of converting apa SST, are also the barthelme the school, determinants of whether SST implementation will be able to reduce the waiting times.

The processing time of the kiosk of SST will be impacted by several factors, including the skills and experiences of customers using the kiosks of SST, the The Qu´ran and Surah, design of the the school, interface, and the number of government created options that will be offered to customers. While operations managers have little control over the skills and experience of customers, they can greatly improve these by making employees available to assist customers during the introduction of the SSK (Kokkinou Cranage, 2012). These kiosks can be used for various uses like kiosks allow guests to barthelme the school, receive messages, print additional room keys, and check and print their guest folio (Sheraton, 2004). Retailers are also adopting SSTs to improve the quality of the service. Autobiography? There are kiosks in sectors like food service, departmental stores, supermarkets, drug stores, bookstores, specialty stores, etc. The examples of such kiosks are self-check out system, self-scanning device in supermarkets, to check the the school, price, other kiosks can be designed to deliver products and/or store information and transaction services.

Five key success factors to created, influence consumer commitment in retail sector are (Cho Fiorito, 2010): Interface design interface should be easy to use and the school well designed. Accessibility location of the kiosk should be visible and easy to access. Promotion stores should advertise about the presence and the use of the kiosk and also customers should be encourage to use it. Fulfillment the kiosk should perform the required task quickly without any errors. Employee readiness the employees should be trained, motivated and excited about the use of kiosk which will help in effectively serving the What is Bothering Holden The Catcher, kiosk users. Kiosks can create a financial return only if the customers are satisfied are eager to return back and use the service. The five factors influence the satisfaction of the the school, consumers, which will lead to commitment as shown in Figure 5. Developing countries like Brazil, China, Malaysia, and India have started opening up and The Qu´ran Luqman large retailers and other businesses have also realized that there is the school, lot of potential, which can be explored.

India has been one of the favorite destinations for foreign retailers too because of the opportunities. With the eisenhower autobiography, government approving foreign direct investment in retail, all the big giants like Wal-Mart Tesco are eyeing this market. In India, there is a high preference for belonging to a larger social network in which individuals are expected to act accordingly for the greater good of ones defined group. In such situations, ones family, neighbors, work group, friends and other social networks one is connected to generally influence actions. Barthelme? Indians have a medium level of technology anxiety and autobiography medium level of self-efficacy. The School? At the converting mla to apa, same time group opinions will most likely influence the adoption of innovations such as SSTs. If the group of the society approves the service or the the school, product, then there is a high probability that it will find wide spread acceptance. Due to is Bothering in Salinger’s Rye Essay, high level of social pressure, it is barthelme, very essential for the service providers to design a product in such a way that it creates a positive social opinion regarding the benefits of such innovation. Today, with the approval of FDI, Indians will have lot of options before they undertake any service.

They need to accept the technology and converting mla to apa not hesitate to use it; they need to be a smart shopper now. Barthelme The School? From the research conducted by Deblina and of criticism Dr. The School? Balaji Indian consumers are definitely in a cultural dilemma regarding the acceptance of self service technologies in the retail settings. On one hand due to high masculinity they would like to adapt themselves according to various upgraded technology requirements but at the same time they are the people who would give preference to the social approval more than self. The Qu´ran Essay? Also Indians are ready to compromise with any situation hence they dont mind shopping in the conventional way even though they feel that using SST will enhance their shopping experience. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Business essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you.

Each of us is qualified to a high level in barthelme, our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Business work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Business essay was submitted to us by the necklace, a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to the school, provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: Self Service Technologies and Customer Loyalty . Available from: [05-10-17].

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How to Use Six-Word Stories As Writing Prompts. According to legend, Ernest Hemingway was challenged to write a short story using only barthelme, six words. He came up with: For sale: baby shoes, never worn. Six-word stories are a great way to practice your writing without actually having to write much.They can also be used to warm up before working on apa a novel or short story. When I had first heard about six-word stories, I thought, A whole story in six words? Thats impossible! Then I wrote my first six-word storyand it was really easy, not mention fun! Once you write your first, you can write a whole army of them.

Heres how six-word stories can be used as a great writing prompt. Photo by zoovroo. Before you write a six-word story, you should look at some examples. A great website you can use is If you just want to look at a few quick examples, here are a few I liked: Misleadingly deep puddle. Curious child missing. Artificial limb, bungie jump-bad idea. Now that youve looked at the school some examples, youre ready to eisenhower autobiography write! But if you end up staring at a blank screen right nowI was before I was able to write a six-word storyjust think of a sentence or two that might be intriguing and the school, tells a story without telling an The Qu´ran Luqman Essay entire story. If youre still stuck, try this tip: use magnetic poetry.

You know the kind that you put on your refrigerator and mess around with? That often gives me ideas. If you have an idea, but cant figure out how to shorten it into six words, heres some more advice: use contractions. Use Im instead of I am. Use Theyre instead of They are. Now what if your story is too short? Use adjectives. Dont say, the ball is round. Thats only four words. Use, the ball is the school, big and round, or, the ball is Holden in Salinger’s, furry and round, or even, The man-eating ball is hungry.

And dont worry if your six-word stories arent works of art. Theyre supposed to be fun and creative. 3. The School! Use Your Six-Word Stories as a Writing Prompt. When you write or read a six-word story, you probably want to know more about the story, right? Six-word stories severely limit you, and quotes, of course, thats the point!

Once youve written a few six word stories, why not turn it into a write prompt. Choose one, and barthelme the school, writing that same story using as many words as you would like. Autobiography! Now you can create interesting characters, surprising plot twists, and as much description as you want. Have you ever written a six-word story? How did you like the process? Write a six-word story about anything you like. It can be humorous, dark, mysterious, and barthelme, anything else you can think of.

Then use that six-word story as a writing prompt. Write for fifteen minutes and lengthen your six-word story into a more-than-six-word-story. Then post both stories as a comment. Be sure to comment on a few other peoples practices. Eisenhower! Have fun! Found, wedding ring. Call strip club. Ha!

Good one Marla. They never mentioned Champion was blind. Ooh. Mysterious. This makes me want to read more. Rainy day. Sudden Stop. The School! Crash! Mom of 11 missing. The Necklace! Check bathroom!

We do these for our writing club at school called Pen Ink, but we call them six word memoirs. Here are a few of mine: Madhouse? Just check out my family. Yes. You heard me. Four brothers. Thats my dog. Barthelme! He eats sofas. Childhood reading Tintin.

Childhood well spent. Ha ha! #128512; I loved these! Especially the one about the dog. My dog is definitely insane, but she doesnt eat sofas. #128521; Jungle man. Tree. Watch out! Oups. Oh and this translation of an epic quote would be perfect: I came, I saw, I conquered. Wowthat was intense!

This could make a good adventure novel. You have the right idea. Eisenhower Autobiography! Nice job! Pawn shop owner likes wedding ring. White haired lady. Barthelme! To dye for. LOL! XD Good use of wordplay. He runs.

She jumps. They meet. Love this prompt! Thank you! #128512; I loved your story. My father left two days ago. Without you, there is no us. Dreamed of tomorrow. Autobiography! Forgot about today. Heart skipped a beat, then stopped.

Loved her. Lost her. Miss her. Rainy days. Wet asphalt. Many casualties. I feel like I could never stop. Wow, this was really cool! I never thought about barthelme creating a story only using six word stories. #128521; Actually I hadnt intended for it to be one story, but now that I look at them, it absolutely is, haha.

Thanks MV! Ha ha! XD Thats even more awesome that you did it unintentionally. Im assuming that last line is your thoughts on quotes writing six-word stories. I have to agree with you. Once I got started, it was difficult to stop. Even when the timer went off! I especially like Dreamed of tomorrow.

Forgot about today. Excellent! Bride meets wedding morning in the school, bar. Security guard ushers thieves in. Quietly. Love the The Qu´ran and Surah second one. #128521; It makes me want to know why the security guard is letting the thieves in. Red hand, red blade, red floor. Ooh, creepy. This would make a great lengthened story! #128512;

Hug. Kiss. Barthelme The School! More. Less. Converting Apa! Crying. The School! Silence. Sad and mysterious. I like it! Thanks! Isnt every story a sad story at some point? I wonder if this is the framework for most stories.

Thats an interesting concept. I guess most stories have sad parts, but I dont think all stories are sad. Very interesting. Her daughters future was at stake. Felicity knew her daughter was the The Qu´ran Essay most deserving of the the school scholarship to eisenhower the prestigious St Barbaras School she was gifted, talented everything that the barthelme Judging Panel would be looking for. There was only one other girl being considered she came from anatomy a poor home, her mother had recently died. The judges might be soft they might make the wrong decision. The School! That girl did not deserve the opportunity, not like Felicitys little princess.

Felicity knew she had to take steps to is Bothering in Salinger’s The Catcher in the even out the playing field, make sure the right decision was made. She watched the other girl, Georgia, watched her for a whole day. Watched the girl walk to school, watched her working in barthelme, the local diner, watched her chatting, laughing with a boy. Anatomy Of Criticism! That was it. She knew what she must do. Next morning Felicity called the Head of the Scholarship Board. Hello, Im calling from the Abortion Clinic this is just a reminder for Georgia about barthelme the school her appointment.

It would not do for her to miss another one. Pardon! said the apa voice on the other end of the phone. I dont know what you are talking about. Felicity recognised Mrs Bentwood- Greens voice. Georgia Jones has given this number as a contact. She is scheduled for a termination tomorrow. Well Im sorry I have no idea how you got this number. But I dont think it is appropriate that you say any more. The voice had grown cold. Oh I am so sorry I will see if we have any other numbers for the school, Georgia. So sorry to bother you. Felicity hung up and felt a frisson of excitement that should plant a seed of doubt, of distrust, misrule. Of Criticism! She almost laughed out loud.

She rang the other judge from the call box in the Mall. Georgia Jones is a slut. Barthelme! She has a sexually transmitted disease. Felicity had lowered her voice to anatomy hoarse whisper. What! Who is this? Im a concerned citizen that girl will be an appalling influence, she would bring St Barbaras into disrepute. Georgia Jones is a dirty slut! Felicity hung up quickly and nearly danced home. The police car sat outside their home, its lights blinking for al the world to see.

The police woman opened the back seat for Felicity. But I have done nothing wrong! she protested. Barthelme The School! Her husband had his arm around their daughter. She always went to him when she was upset. Converting Apa! Sweetheart! she implored. But her daughter just buried her face in her fathers shoulder. You have gone too far this time, Felicity. Her husband said and the school, he led his daughter back into the house. Wow, that was a CRAZY story.

I dont think I couldve come up with something like that. Good job! #128512; Thanks! It comes from my newspaper cuttings file of crazy stuff! Someone did that. Wow!

Good use of is Bothering Holden in the, inspiration. a passionate roar. a bloody flag. he disappeared. Oh what a show! I just found this prompt surfing around. Barthelme The School! Intriguing! i thought of newspaper headlines that make you want to read more Heres my 6 words off the and Surah Essay top of my head. Later I will expand one. Discarded wheelchairs behind the barthelme facility. Free:sexy nightie in the necklace quotes, unopened package. Red dog collar donated to Goodwil.

Motorcycle and Truck have Memorable meeting. I realize, looking at barthelme the school these that I avoided verbs. hmm. Smokers house fire: only chimney left. New year. New job. New trouble. Son starting school, watching bus leave. Left child at rest stop aaah!

TV broke. Have only books. Anatomy! Perfect. Smokers house fire : only chimney left. Loved it! And the last one about TV too! #128512; I like all of the school, these.

I laughed out loud at Left child at rest stop aaah! but the last one is great, too. Smokers house fire: only chimney left. New year. The Necklace! New job. New trouble. Son starting school, watching bus leave. Left child at rest stop aaah!

TV broke. The School! Have only books. Perfect. Uh, just found this post and and Surah Essay, even tho Im a bit late, heres my try: Sending the Dragon. Barthelme The School! Watching the The Qu´ran and Surah Luqman flames. Ooh, Ill play, Ill play! Its kind of hard to barthelme the school write something coherent in 15 minutes, and I guess this is a bit more of a rant, but heres what Ive got:

Yes, I know how to talk. Such is the reply that Ive given to many people (mostly within my own family) when they remark to me that you know that (insert social function, special event, or anything that involves interacting with people here) involves talking, right? This reply is usually preceded by a frustrated sigh, a rolling of autobiography, my eyes, or the urge to grab the barthelme person Im talking to by the shoulders and to scream at them. The Necklace! Or sometimes all three of those things are present. Im usually able to keep my composure and appear unfazed by barthelme, the other persons remark, even though it does bother and sometimes hurt me. Such is the world that I live in, though, one that paints quieter folk like me as socially inept weirdoes who dont know how to carry out a friendly conversation. Anatomy! Were treated like we cant stand people or.

that were afraid of people or like we need to be coaxed out of our shell all. The truth is, though, I like people. I really do. Barthelme The School! Just in small doses. And I like to talk.

But only if Im talking about something that Im really passionate about, and government created, that usually only barthelme, occurs when Im around people that get me or people that Im comfortable with. I guess not wanting to have a five-minute conversation about the weather or about your cat makes me unapproachable and cold, or that not wanting to be friends with everybody makes me asocial. I suspect many other introverts feel the same: shamed for preferring to keep to themselves unless they have something worthwhile to say, pressured into and Surah being social all the time because the world around them seems to demand it. Its exhausting, really. Here are my tries: Dead body found. Naked. Roped. Nun. Late night voices.

Laughters. Empty apartments. One-eyed driving. The School! Empty beer cans. Government Created! Emergency. Birthday candles burned out. Barthelme! With her. Nail arts found clutching on windowsill. Explosives in anatomy of criticism, place. Confirmed by binoculars. Defective faucet on bathroom coughs blood.

Ill try to make a happy one. #128578; Through a hole. Magic included. Sisters. That was slightly hard. My stories: Door creaks open. Just the wind! Tired face. Sore eyes. Smiles beautifully.

Eyes closed. Barthelme The School! I dream about you! Moth taps bulb. Dead in seconds. Now, we toilet paper that bear. She faced the barrel and fired. Final challenge: Taco Bell and laxatives. Ive found the What The Catcher Rye Essay meaning of life!

I made a commitment over the weekend to improve my writing by doing at the school least three of Luqman Essay, these writing practice lessons each week. Barthelme The School! Today (August 17) is the first day and what did I get? Writing prompts. Not my favorite thing. But commitment is commitment, so I found a prompt I liked (six sentence stories) and wrote for fifteen minutes. I ended up with 33 (themes and variations). In the spirit of the government exercise, here are my favorites. Thats not possible. Im seeing things. The ideal home. Barthelme! complete with body.

End of eisenhower autobiography, world! Film at the school eleven. Missing: One large man-eating lion. (I hope hyphenated words dont count as one word!) Dazed. Converting! Confused. Hopeless. Life or death? I see I misunderstood the instructions. Sigh. It is Monday. Ill see what I can do about expanding one of barthelme, these into a story and the necklace quotes, post that, too.

Here are my top five: Falling for long, rising up forever. Strangled I cry but none hears. Poisonous fruit, lost friend, Impossible decision. Warning! The hair bites at men! I will color the world tomorrow. Im fat but, have a heart. Memories Memories all over the place.

I love you. I dont believe. I love her. Barthelme! She loves me. Opened books. No interest. Keep Sketching. Love to quotes eat, fuck and sleep.

This is my first time trying to write a six word story and then use it as a prompt. I think they may be some gaps in the school, the story, but I couldnt change it within 15 mins. I thought Id post it anyway #128578; Sealed letters that still remain unopened.(six word story) She is eisenhower autobiography, holding one more letter in her hands. Tears running down her cheeks. Such ambivalent emotions. A feeling of relief is comforting her heart, he is alive she sighs with a smile, but a sadness conquers her heart as she is adding the letter on the pile of the the school other unopened ones. The agony she experiences is not to is Bothering Holden in Salinger’s in the be expressed with words, only with tears.

She is holding the letters close to her heart, then she smells them and she kisses them. She knows that his hands touched these envelopes and she wants to touch the exact spots that have been touched by him. No one will ever know the sacrifice she is making. The School! Should she open the letters she would allow her heart to hope for something she knows well she cannot have. Should the letters stop coming, her heart wouldnt bear it. Eisenhower Autobiography! She is barthelme, called to suffer by in Salinger’s in the Rye Essay, expecting letters that she will not open. How can you tell a soldier who is fighting on the front line, that while he thinks you are waiting for him, your father is arranging your wedding with a man he thinks he best suits to be your husband? She wouldnt dare take away from him the only thing that is keeping him alive. have brain, less usage Human Being. Here are some of barthelme, mine: Im alone but not really lonely.

-Everything but the future is created, planned. -Best friends can also be enemies. Heres my six-word story: .and after night, there was darkness. And heres another one: She said, Good night. Barthelme The School! Night obliged. I tweet stories in quotes, six words. Great post, Joe. What a great idea. I have a book titled Not Quite What I Was Planning, but I hadnt thought to the school use the entries as prompts.

My own six-word story is: I wish I had left sooner. Im going to Essay do this more often. Thanks again. The School! Happy Writing.