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Art In The Middle Ages And The Renaissance And Its Effect In Society

Essay on Art and Architecture in the Middle Ages and Renaissance

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Artists: Know the Difference Between a Resume and on Art in the Middle and Renaissance a C.V. Moral Behavior. Artists, like everyone else, sometimes need to explain who they are and what they can do. Artists, however, have careers on two tracks: The first track, for most, is some job that puts food in their stomachs, clothes on their back, a roof over their heads and pays for health insurance; the second track is developing a presence in the art world, through exhibitions, commissions and other activities that reflect their artistic achievements. It is ideal when the two tracks come together -- the Essay on Art Middle Ages art sells, providing a full livelihood -- and forecasting techniques that is the Essay on Art Ages goal, but that may not happen soon or even ever. For that reason, artists generally need to document themselves in two ways. The first is through a resume, and the second is through a C.V. Freud Of An. (curriculum vitae). The two documents may overlap here and Essay on Art and Architecture in the Middle and Renaissance there but tend to life in the be quite separate, and here's the reason: why would a dealer want to know that the artist worked as a waitress? How useful is it to describe all one's one-person shows to and Architecture Middle the personnel director at a corporation? Artists should know what a resume looks like and travel fiction contains, what a curiculum vitae (or C.V.) describes, and when to submit one or the other. A resume is an employment history, detailing the jobs the on Art and Architecture Ages individual has had, what he or she did at those positions and any particular skills that would make the person desirable to another employer. A standard, job-oriented, reverse-chronology resume would look like this: Salt Lake City, UT 84002. Freud The Future. (801) 555-5555 (home) (801) 555-4444 (office) [e-mail address, if applicable] I am skilled in Windows, Quark, PhotoShop and other Apple and Ages and Renaissance PC-based computer software that has applicability to business.

I have experience in budgeting and payroll as well as supervising staff, event planning, publicity and visual merchandising. 2007 to freud the future of an illusion the Present. On Art In The Middle Ages And Renaissance. Office manager, Arcadian Art Supply, Salt Lake City. Selected and purchased products from wholesalers, developed the annual budget, managed payroll, hired and supervised the full- and moral behavior part-time sales staff Computerized product inventory Originated and coordinated the monthly Artist Talk series Installed annual regional juried art exhibitions. 2006 to 2007 (part-time) Curatorial staff assistant, University Gallery, University of Utah at Ogden. Installed and assisted in on Art, the design of exhibitions, corresponded with guest curators, benefactors and artists. 2005 and 2006 (May-August) Sales clerk, Books Things, Salt Lake City, Utah. Handled book orders and sales, coordinated book signing events, assisted in designing window displays.

Foundations course instructor, University of Utah at Ogden (2006 and 2007) Painting instructor at Hopkins Retirement Home, Salt Lake City, Utah (summer 2004) Master of Fine Arts, University of A woman's, Utah at Ogden, 2007. On Art And Architecture Middle Ages And Renaissance. Bachelor of Fine Arts, Spokane College of Art Design, Spokane, Washington, 1995. Available upon request. Resumes for forecasting techniques in business those with less job experience, lots of short-term jobs or long periods between employment may need to be structured differently. Certainly, companies understand that summer is the time when students are able to work full-time; the Essay in the and Renaissance brevity of employment is not held against a job-seeker. When the applicant's history of employment consists of a number of jobs that lasted only a few weeks or months, an itemization of definition, every position with start and end dates as well as responsibilities would look odd and raise questions about the Essay on Art and Architecture in the Ages individual. Instead, one may create a category like this: Jobs Held Between 2006 and 2008.

Sales clerk, Books Things, Salt Lake City, Utah. Library aide, University of Utah at Ogden. Secretary, Howards McCann Law Offices, Ogden, Utah. Cashier, Pick Save, Ogden, Utah. Life guard, Ogden Parks and Recreation Department, Ogden, Utah. Nanny, Mr. and in the Mrs.

Richard Atlee, Salt Lake City, Utah. On Art And Architecture In The And Renaissance. One might also describe jobs by category, such as Childcare, Office Jobs or whatever else fits one's background. A C.V., on the other hand, is a professional history, identifying the individual's accomplishments to date. An artist's C.V., concentrating on artistic achievements, might resemble the following: Salt Lake City, UT 84002. [e-mail address, if applicable] Master of Fine Arts, University of Utah at Ogden, 2007. Bachelor of Fine Arts, Spokane College of Art Design, Spokane, Washington, 2005. Green River Center for the Arts, Green River, Utah.

Lawrence Hazelit Gallery, Monroe, Utah. Eugene Venman Gallery of the Solomon Jones Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. Lawrence Hazelit Gallery, Monroe, Utah. Selected Group Exhibitions. The Landscape Today, Kingsman-Marcum Gallery, Salt Lake City, Utah. Northwest Artists Invitational, Sprague Art Museum, Sprague, Washington (curated by Clint McConnell) Spring Annual, Lawrence Hazelit Gallery, Monroe, Utah. The Realist Tradition, Millcreek Center for pale and dwarfish the Arts, Milcreek, Utah (curated by Wallace Everly) Place and Time Cooperative Gallery, Spokane, Washington. Prairie Artisans and Artists Gallery, Midland, South Dakota. Essay On Art In The Ages. Spring Annual, Lawrence Hazelit Gallery, Monroe, Utah. A Woman's Place, Glenrose Cultural Center, Glenrose, Washington (organized by Western Women in the Arts) The Next Wave, University Gallery, University of the future of an, Utah at on Art Middle Ages and Renaissance, Ogden.

The Art of the and dwarfish Matter, Kingsman-Marcum Gallery, Salt Lake City, Utah. Essay Ages And Renaissance. Walla Walla Invitational, Northwestern Exposition Grounds, Walla Walla, Washington (curated by A woman's life in the Middle Ages Essay, Elinor Herter-Johnson) Annual Spring Show, College Gallery, Spokane College of Art Design, Spokane, Washington. New Voices/New Songs, Seattle Visitors Center, Seattle, Washington. Foundations course instructor, University of Middle and Renaissance, Utah at Ogden. Painting instructor at Hopkins Retirement Home, Salt Lake City, Utah. Soft Focus on the Landscape, by time fiction, Karen Wentworth, Seattle Post-Intelligencer , 2009. Landscapes at Lawrence Hazelit, by Theresa Lidel, Monroe Repository , 2008. Painter: A Well-Named Artist on on Art and Architecture and Renaissance, Her Way, by Art Myers, Salt Lake City Tribune , 2008.

The Next Wave at the University, by Mary Chester-Reed, Ogden Standard-Examiner , 2007. Purchase Award, Glenrose Cultural Center, Glenrose, Washington, 2008. Freud The Future. Carl Dalton Outstanding Graduate Scholarship, 2006. Millicent E. Wensdale Merit Scholarship, University of Utah at Ogden, 2005.

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School of Public Health and Community Medicine. Topic: Technologies and approaches for the detection of communicable and non-communicable diseases in low-resource settings. Supervisors: A/Professor Heather Gidding and Professor Richard Taylor. Topic: Retail Food Protection in Essay and Architecture in the Singapore. Supervisors: A/Professor Anthony Newall, Dr Anita Heywood and A/Professor Martyn Kirk. Topic: The burden and prevention of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in the Australian hospital setting: Setting the scene for the introduction of a new vaccine. Supervisors: Dr Holly Seale and pale and dwarfish, Professor Raina MacIntyre. Supervisors: Professor Siaw-Teng Liaw (UNSW), Professor Enrico Coiera (Center for in the and Renaissance Health Informatics, Australian Institute of Health Innovation) Topic : Establishing the most appropriates statistical analysis for moral behavior patient safety data. Supervisors: Professor Mary-Louise McLaws and Dr Bayzid Rahman.

Topic: Individual based models for assessing the impact of Essay on Art in the and Renaissance case-based interventions on Tuberculosis. Supervisors: A/Professor James Wood, A/Prof Anthony Newall and freud of an, Professor Guy Marks. Topic: Factors influencing the acceptance adoption of EMR in low resource settings: A case study in on Art and Architecture in the and Renaissance Bangladesh. Supervisors: Dr Padmanesa Narasimhan and time travel, Professor Pradeep Ray. Topic: Impact of Essay on Art Ages and Renaissance Education, Demographics and beowulf, Professional Culture, on Paramedic Infection Control Decision Making.

Supervisors: A/Professor Joanne Travaglia and Professor Raina MacIntyre. Topic: Face masks in the protection of healthcare workers in resource poor settings. Supervisors: Dr Holly Seale, Professor Raina MacIntyre, Professor Amal Bassili and Professor Dominic Dwyer. Minh Cuong Duong. Topic: HCV infection in haemodialysis patients with end-stage renal disease, Ho Chi Min City. Supervisors: Professor Mary-Louise McLaws; Dr Dariusz P. Olszyna (Division of Essay and Architecture Infectious Diseases, National University Hospital, Singapore) Topic: Conduct qualitative research to travel, elucidate the barriers of pneumococcal vaccination of the elderly in the hospital setting.

Supervisors: Dr Anita Heywood and Professor Raina MacIntyre. Topic: Modelling the impact of zoster vaccine on zoster morbidity in Australia. Supervisors: A/Professor James Wood and A/Professor Heather Gidding. Topic: Private sector engagement in immunization in the Western Pacific Region. Supervisors: Dr Anita Heywood, Dr Alexander Rosewell and Dr Robert Menzies. Topic: The impact and Essay on Art in the Ages and Renaissance, cost effectiveness of vaccine programs in elderly: Understanding the interaction between infant and elderly vaccination. Supervisors: A/Professor Anthony Newall, A/Professor James Wood and Professor Raina MacIntyre. Topic: Vaccine preventable disease in older Australian adults. Supervisors: A/Professor Bette Liu, Professor John Kaldor and Professor Chandini MacIntyre.

Topic: Habitualising hand hygiene behaviours of Vanuatu mothers and moral, their small children at key junctions: after toileting and before preparing food, eating and feeding a child. Supervisors: Professor Mary-Louise McLaws; Dr Robert Aunger (London School of Essay Middle Ages and Renaissance Hygiene and Tropical Medicine) Topic: Comparative cost effectiveness if interventions to forecasting in business, control non-communicable diseases (NCD) in Tonga. Supervisors: Professor Richard Tayloe A/Professor Virginia Wiseman. Topic: Australian Chinese travellers visiting friends and relatives: New approaches to Essay on Art and Architecture in the Middle Ages, understanding and reducing infectious disease risks.

Supervisors: Dr Anita Heywood and Professor Raina MacIntyre. Thesis title: Modify contact precautions for safety and A woman's in the, sustainability. Supervisors: Professor Mary-Louise McLaws and Dr Kate Clezy (Director Infectious Diseases, Prince of Wales Hospital) Thesis title: Improving hand hygiene (HH) compliance and its clinical implications in medical students. Supervisors: Dr Holly Seale and Dr Husna Razee. Topic: Exploring the and Architecture in the Middle and Renaissance use of routinely collected data in population health and burden of disease analysis. Supervisors: Dr David Muscatello and A/Professor Bette Liu.

Topic: Evidence Based Guidelines for the Management of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Supervisors: Prof Mary-Louise McLaws and fiction, A/Prof Anders Aneman (Liverpool Intensive care Unit) Topic: Barriers and facilitators in and Architecture in the Ages and Renaissance the provision of immunisation to newly arrived refugees under different models of care in NSW, Australia: Current policy and practice and ways forward. Supervisors: Dr Holly Seale, Dr Anita Heywood, Dr Mitchell Smith. Topic: Statistical approaches to the evaluation of the impact of freud illusion vaccination programs. Supervisors: A/Professor Andrew Hayen and A/Prof Anthony Newall. Topic: The burden of influenza B and age-specific benefit of QIV over TIV. Supervisors: Professor Raina MacIntyre and on Art and Architecture, Dr David Muscatello.

Topic: Preventing the fiction spread of vaccine preventable diseases - Exploring new strategies to on Art and Architecture in the Middle Ages, improve uptake in vulnerable people. Supervisors: Professor Raina MacIntyre and A woman's in the Ages, Dr Holly Seale. Topic: Translation of policies from high-to-low resourced setting to address irrational antibiotic use. Supervisors: Professor Mary-Louise McLaws and Professor James C McLaughlin (Dept of Essay and Architecture in the Middle Ages and Renaissance Pathology, University of New Mexico School of Medicine) and Dr Ellen Baron. Topic: Field application of oral Cholera vaccine, Shanchol for use in freud illusion developing country settings. Supervisors: A/Professor Andrew Hayen and Professor Raina MacIntyre.

Topic: Monoclonal antibodies against infectious diseases. Supervisors: A/Professor Siranda Torvaldsen, Dr Martin Friede, A/Professor Anthony Newall and A/Professor James Wood. Topic: Assessing Measles elimination in NSW. Supervisors: A/Professor James Wood and Essay in the Middle, A/Professor Heather Gidding. Topic: Immunization programs in low and middle income countries. Supervisors: A/Professor Anthony Newall, Dr Alexander Rosewell and Dr Anita Heywood. Topic: An overview of the influenza immunization policy in Beijing, and to acquire evidence for possible changes to the policy. Supervisors: Dr David Muscatello and Professor Raina MacIntyre. Topic: Challenges of forecasting techniques Maternal and Perinatal Mortality Surveillance in a rural district of Pakistan.

Supervisors: Professor Richard Taylor, Mohamud Sheikh, A/Professor Siranda Torvaldsen and Essay in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, Dr Javed Chawla. Topic: A cluster-randomised controlled trial of community education to prevent the development of chronic suppurative otitis media in children in time travel jumla nepal. Supervisors: Professor Robyn Richmond and Professor Heather Worth. Topic: Guiding principles for HIV advocacy evaluation in Vietnam. Supervisors: Professor Heather Worth and Dr Bridget Haire. Topic: Monitoring and Evaluation of Health Programs in Papua New Guinea. Supervisors: Dr Alexander Rosewell, Dr Sally Nathan and A/Professor Siranda Torvaldsen. Topic: Uptake of HIV Continuum of Care in Ethiopia: exploring determinants among couples living in Essay on Art in the Middle Addis Ababa.

Supervisors: Dr Patrick Rawstorne and Dr Sally Nathan. Topic: Unsafe Sexual Practices and the Barriers to life in the Middle Ages, HIV Prevention: A Cross - Sectional Study on the Female Commercial Sex Workers (FCSWs) in Bangladesh. Supervisors: Dr Patrick Rawstorne and Dr Niamh Stephenson. Topic: Theory Based Mobile App Development and and Architecture in the and Renaissance, Testing for Hypertension Management in Workplaces in Bangladesh. Supervisors: A/Professor Rohan Jayasuriya and life Ages, Dr Sabrina Rasheed. Topic: Effect of parental migration on healthcare seeking behaviour for common childhood illnesses and on Art and Architecture in the Middle, nutritional status of left behind children under 5 years of age in pale Nepal. Supervisors: Dr David Muscatello and A/Professor Claire Vajdic. Topic: Trends in Essay on Art and Architecture and Renaissance diabetes risk factors and related premature mortality in Pacific Island countries. Supervisors: Professor Richard Taylor and Dr Rebecca Reynold.

Topic : Cardiovascular disease surveillance and control in the Pacific. Supervisors: Professor Richard Taylor and Dr Stephen Morrell. Topic: Determinants of beowulf synopsis health seeking behaviour and health services utilization for chronic non $B! (Bcommunicable in Vietnam) Supervisors: A/Professor Rohan Jayasuriya and Dr Tran Oanh. Topic: Understanding young people's perceptions and behaviours related to sexual reproductive health and wellbeing in Fiji.

Supervisors: Dr Husna Razee and Dr Patrick Rawstorne. Topic: Identifying factors facilitating adolescents access to contraception and contributing elements that decreases unwanted pregnancies in Essay and Architecture Middle Ages and Renaissance rural Nepal. Supervisors: Dr Holly Seale and the future, Dr Husna Razee. Topic: Estimating the burden of maternal and neonatal deaths from Hepatitis E in Bangladesh. Supervisors: A/Professor Heather Gidding and A/Professor Andrew Hayen.

Topic: Birth Outcomes in the Solomon Islands: Identifying associations between obstetric outcomes and and Architecture in the Middle, socio-demographic characteristics of primiparous women presenting for deliveries in 2013 at the National Referral Hospital in Honiara. Supervisors: Dr Patrick Rawstorne and pale and dwarfish, Dr Alison Rutherford. Topic: Understanding the determinants of Essay on Art Middle obesity among low income women in urban and rural settings in Indonesia. Supervisors: A/Professor Rohan Jayasuriya. Topic: Understanding constraints in the Fijian health system to the prevention of time travel fiction mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services in Suva. Supervisors: Professor Heather Worth and and Architecture in the Ages, A/Professor Joanne Travaglia. Topic: HIV and human rights.

Supervisors : Professor Heather Worth and life Middle Essay, Dr Patrick Rawstorne. Topic: Integrating new cadres for and Architecture Ages and Renaissance maternal health: study of synopsis Community Midwives in Pakistan. Supervisors: A/Professor Rohan Jayasuriya and A/Professor Saima Hamid. Topic: The role of religion and faith-based organisations in addressing HIV in Papua New Guinea (PNG) Supervisors: Professor Heather Worth and on Art and Architecture Middle and Renaissance, A/Professor Joanne Travaglia. Topic: Public and forensic mental health, Aboriginal wellbeing and women's health. Supervisors: A/Professor Melissa Haswell-Elkins and Professor Lisa Jackson-Pulver.

Topic: Study of urban Aboriginal housing and its relationship to health. Supervisors: Dr Anna Williamson and Professor Sally Redman. Topic: Aboriginal Health: Ethics Research. Supervisors: Professor Lisa Jackson-Pulver and the future of an, Professor Mark Harris. Topic: Indigenous Public Health education. Supervisors: A/Professor Melissa Haswell-Elkins, Dr Sally Nathan and Dr Lois Meyer. Topic: Empowerment to on Art and Architecture in the Middle, measure program and time travel fiction, service needs and outcomes.

Supervisors: A/Professor Melissa Haswell-Elkins, Professor Anthony Shakeshaft and Middle Ages, Professor Lisa Jackson-Pulver. Topic: Major adult morbidity and mortality in a cohort from the Aboriginal Medical Service (Redfern, Sydney) 1972-2010. Supervisors: Professor Richard Taylor and Dr John Daniels. Topic: Aboriginal adolescent health - the moral definition importance of engaging early, cultural appropriateness and innovative approaches to Ages and Renaissance, preventative health rather than relying on the status quo. Supervisors: Dr Robert Menzies and A/Professor Rebecca Guy, Dr Kyllie Cripps and Professor John Kaldor. Topic: Investigating how caring for a loved one with cancer affects dietary behaviours in the carer. Supervisors: Dr Husna Razee and time, Dr Rebecca Reynolds. Topic: Social support post-prison release in an urban Aboriginal population.

Supervisors: Professor Lisa Jackson-Pulver and Professor Jan Ritchie. Topic: A community case-control study examining environmental and on Art in the Middle, lifestyle risk factors for younger onset dementia. Supervisors: Dr Adrienne Withall and definition, Dr Brian Draper. Topic: Graduate health management trainees perceptions of workplace bullying behaviours. The title featured was only a working title during my application to transfer process. Supervisors: A/Professor Joanne Travaglia and Lesley Halliday. Topic: Where Are They Now? The influence of Sport for Middle Ages and Renaissance Development and of an, Youth Leadership programs on on Art in the Middle Ages the longer-term development of young people from disadvantaged backgrounds. Supervisors: Dr Anne Bunde-Birouste, Dr Patrick Rawstorne and Dr Sally Nathan. Topic : Human rights of people with mental disabilities. Supervisors: Dr Adrienne Withall, A/Professor Joanne Travaglia and Professor Nick Zwar.

Topic: Contraception understandings and experiences of Australian women. Supervisors: Professor Juliet Richters and Dr Patrick Rawstorne. Topic: Conceptualization, measurement and the role of synopsis Trust in patient and provider relationships in low income African primary health care settings. Supervisors: Dr Niamh Stephenson and Dr Holly Seale. Topic: Beyond 'insiders on the outside': identity constructions and Essay and Architecture in the Middle Ages, wellbeing of Australian born young people of New Zealand descent living in Sydney. Supervisors : A/Professor Joanne Travaglia, Dr Anne Bunde-Birouste and Professor Judith Motion. Topic: The socio-economic impact of a sport-for-development program in Western Sydney's humanitarian migrant community.

Supervisors: Dr Anne Bunde-Birouste and forecasting in business, Dr Husna Razee. Topic: Applied research in causes and factors associated with excess paediatric deaths. Supervisors: A/Professor Bette Liu and on Art and Architecture Ages and Renaissance, Professor Glenda Lawrence A/Professor Joanne Travaglia. Topic: Sex work and HIV prevention in Pacific Island states. Supervisors: Professor Heather Worth and Dr Patrick Rawstorne. Topic: Mental health and attitudes towards psychological help-seeking among Iranian international students: a pilot study examining students at the future of an UNSW, Sydney. Supervisors: Dr Ilse Blignault and Dr Husna Razee. Topic : The health, development and and Architecture in the Middle and Renaissance, community-building filter: Evaluating the social outcomes of development, health promotion and human security-related interventions by Japanese development organisations in Sri Lanka. Supervisors: Dr Husna Razee and Professor Anthony Zwi. Topic : An application of the safe system approach to cycling safety: A cohort study of NSW Cyclists.

Supervisors: A/Prof Roslyn Poulos, Professor Christopher Rissel and Dr Julie Hatfield. Topic: Concerns and needs of A woman's Middle Ages frequently hospitalised children and carers in a Saudi public hospital. Supervisors: Dr Husna Razee and Dr Joel Rhee. Topic: Impact Study on Football-based Grassroots Peace, Reconciliation and Social Cohesion Intervention in Myanmar. Supervisors: Dr Anne Bunde-Birouste, Dr Husna Razee and A/Professor Patricia Bazeley. Topic: Self-management of type 2 diabetes: focusing on the middle-aged population of on Art Middle rural area of Pakistan. Supervisors: Dr Hassan Hosseinzadah, Professor Nick Zwar and Professor Mark Harris. Topic: Activating Primary care COPD patients with Multi-morbidity (APCOM) pilot pr oject. Supervisors: Dr Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Professor Nick Zwar and moral behavior, Dr Sarah Dennis.

Topic: Views and perceptions of and Architecture Ages and Renaissance participants working in a number of healthcare facilities in in the Middle South Eastern Sydney Local Health District and senior officers, NSW Health towards a health care work decision aid designed to assist HCW to make informed an informed decision about the Essay in the and Renaissance flu vaccine, and their views about the acceptability of this tool to being applied in a public health setting. Supervisors: Professor Raina MacIntyre and in business, Dr Holly Seale. Topic: A study on the Prediction of Cardiovascular Diseases in Bangladeshi Population. Supervisors: Dr Bayzidur Rahman and Professor Nick Zwar. Topic: Various work undertaken as a NSW Health Public Health Officer Trainee. Supervisors: Professor Raina MacIntyre and Essay and Architecture in the Ages and Renaissance, A/Professor Andrew Hayen. Topic: Qualitative research examining general practice experiences of implementing primary health care initiatives and A woman's life Middle Ages Essay, identifying factors needed for successful implementation and integration of interventions into Essay on Art in the Ages and Renaissance, routine work. Supervisors: Professor Nicholas Zwar, Dr Lois Meyer and Dr Joel Rhee. Topic: The prevalence of postpartum distress and accessibility to primary mental health services for women in Makkah - Saudi Arabia.

Supervisors: Dr Husna Razee, Professor Stephen Matthey and Dr Mohammed Garout. Topic : Chronic disease prevention particularly focus on obesity. Supervisors: Professor Roslyn Poulos and Dr Siranda Torvaldsen. Topic: Design and Evaluation of an Educational Instrument to Develop Collaborative Learning Competencies in Junior Medical Students. Supervisors: Dr.

Chinthaka Balasooriya, Associate Professor Gary Velan and Associate Professor Tony OSullivan. Topic: Identification of A woman's diabetes patients at risk of other chronic diseases from unstructured data using big data and semantic web technologies. Supervisors: Professor Siaw-Teng Liaw and Middle and Renaissance, Professor Pradeep Ray. Topic: An Assessment of Community Readiness for Health in Rural Bangladesh. Supervisors: Professor Siaw-Teng Liaw, Dr Anita Heywood and forecasting techniques in business, Dr Abbas Bhuiya.

Topic: Exploring clinical governance in rural and remote primary health care. Supervisors: Professor Nick Zwar, A/Professor Sarah Larkins and A/Professor Julie Johnson. Topic: Applying big data and business intelligence insights to improving clinical care for and Architecture Ages cancer. Supervisors: Professor Siaw-Teng Liaw and Professor Pradeep Ray. Topic : Smoke-free outdoor areas: can tobacco control advocacy with Local Government be effective? Supervisors : Professor Robyn Richmond and Dr Holly Seale. Topic: Australias rural health workforce: Geographic distribution mechanisms and retention.

Supervisors: Professor Glenda Lawrence and Dr Rob Menzies. Topic: Health outcomes following cardiac arrest. Supervisors: A/Professor Andrew Hayen, A/Professor Joanne Travaglia and Dr David Muscatello. Topic: Organisational Learning Knowledge Management in Public Health NGOs. Supervisors: Dr Anne Bunde-Birouste and Dr Holly Seale.

Hania Rahimi Ardabili. Topic: Guiding Principles for Health Policy Evaluation in the Northern Territory. Supervisors: Dr Rebecca Reynolds and Professor Nick Zwar. Topic: A cluster-randomised controlled trial of community education to prevent the development of chronic suppurative otitis media in children in jumla nepal. Supervisors: Dr Robert Menzies, Professor Richard Taylor and Dr Lois Meyer. Topic: Factors contributing to non-occupational falls from ladders in men 50 years and behavior, over.

Supervisors: A/Professor Roslyn Poulos, Dr Sally Nathan and Dr Brahmaputra Marjadi. Topic: The variability in vulnerable children's communication development over time and on Art and Architecture Ages, the impact of life in the Essay treatment. Supervisors: Professor Lynn Kemp, Patricia Knight and A/Professor Patricia Eadie. Topic : Re-engineering Primary Care for Privately Insured Patients with chronic disease in Essay and Renaissance Australia to and dwarfish, reduce utilisation. Supervisors : A/Professor Andrew Hayen, Professor Nick Zwar and Dr Anita Heywood. Topic: Cardiovascular absolute risk assessment in general practice and impact on Essay on Art and Renaissance prescribing. Supervisors: Professor Nick Zwar and Professor Mark Harris. Topic: Cancer care optimisation for moral behavior definition ovarian cancer in NSW.

Supervisors: Dr Holly Seale and on Art and Architecture in the Ages and Renaissance, Dr Reema Harrison. Topic: Early rehabilitation after acute injury or illness. Supervisors: A/Professor Christopher Poulos, Professor Ian Harris and Dr Steven Faux. Topic: Collaborative and innovative health workforce models in beowulf regional Victoria. Supervisors: Dr Maria Agaliotis, Dr Chinthaka Balasooriya and and Architecture Ages and Renaissance, Dr Patrick Rawstorne. Topic: Understanding multidisciplinary teams and A woman's in the Middle Essay, systems in a cancer service. Supervisors: Professor Richard Taylor and A/Professor David Heslop.

Topic: Prevention of burnout for Postgraduate Medical Students of China. Supervisors: A/Professor Joanne Travaglia, Professor Raina MacIntyre and Dr Chinthaka Balasooriya. Topic: Health services research. Supervisors: Professor Bin Jalaudin and A/Professor Shalini Vinod. Topic: Applied Public Health. Supervisors: A/Professor Andrew Hayen and Professor George Rubin. Topic: Asbestos disease prevention coordination arrangements in Australia. Supervisors: A/Professor Ros Poulos and A/Professor Andrew Hayen. Topic: Development of An Internationally Valid ICF Based Mobility Outcome Measure. Supervisors: A/Professor Friedbert Kohler and Professor Hugh Dickson.

Topic: The Geography of Alzheimer's Disease. Supervisors: Dr Anita Heywood, A/Professor Andrew Hayen and Essay on Art and Architecture and Renaissance, A/Professor Andrew Georgiou. Topic: Developing and evaluating an innovative educational strategy for Ethics in Undergraduate Medical Education. Supervisors: Dr Chinthaka Balasooriya and Dr Adrienne Torda. Research flagship areas within the school include: Postgraduate Research Officer.

School of Public Health and Community Medicine. T +61 (2) 9385 3588. School of Public Health and Community Medicine, UNSW Medicine NSW 2052 Australia | Tel: +61 (2) 9385 2517 Fax: +61 (2) 9313 6185. Copyright 2012 UNSW Medicine | CRICOS Provider Code: 00098G | ABN 57 195 873 179 | Authorised by the School of Public Health and Community Medicine. Page Last Updated: 15:55:37 PM, Tuesday 03 October 2017.

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An Exam Reader#039;s Advice on Writing. Lakeland High School. During my experience as a Reader, I have learned a few things about writing that I would like to share with other teachers. I hope youll find my observations helpful as you think about encouraging your students to do their best on the writing section of the AP English Literature Exam. Students should not begin writing until they fully comprehend the Middle, prompt and/or the passage. Mere parroting of the prompt often leads to floundering around instead of developing a clear direction. I recommend that you advise your students to write directly on the passage and pale make quick notes and outlines in the margins.

This planning enables most writers to organize their ideas more efficiently. I have found that teaching students acronyms for on Art and Renaissance, reading and writing strategies (DIDLS, TP-CASTT, etc.) can work wonders. (These terms are discussed in the AP Vertical Teams Guide for English , 2002.) While your very best students might not need them, less able students can find them useful ways to begin. I often suggest that my own students not only Middle mark up the passage, but also use the margins to fill in some of the acronym steps. Essay On Art And Architecture In The Ages And Renaissance! This active planning takes an extra five minutes or so, but Ive found that its well worth the time. Students who fail to read closely frequently wind up paraphrasing rather than analyzing the life in the Middle Ages, passages. Planning helps them stay focused. Although AP Readers are instructed to read the entire essay and not to be prejudiced by a weak introduction, a strong opening paragraph can be a real asset to a students paper. Essay And Architecture In The Ages! When answering the freud, free-response part of the AP English Exams, writers should answer the Essay on Art and Architecture, question quickly and avoid beginning with ideas that do not relate directly to the prompt. Techniques! The following hypothetical introduction for Question 1 on the 2002 AP English Literature Exam provides an example of and Architecture in the Ages, what not to do: All people at pale and dwarfish some point in time have encountered a great deal of trouble in their lives. Essay On Art And Architecture And Renaissance! I know of so many people who have been embarrassed by parents that will wave at you from across a room. I have a friend who told me that her parents did this very same thing. Such generalities often signal a writers inability to respond in a thoughtful manner, suggesting that the rest of the paper also may be incoherent or rambling.

The Reader might begin to suspect that the student is just trying to forecasting techniques in business bluff his or her way through the question. One-sentence perfunctory introductionsespecially ones that repeat the wording of the promptalso work poorly, suggesting to the Reader that the student isnt particularly interested or doesnt care. I recommend that teachers tell students to create an introduction strong enough to earn a grade of 3 all by itself. That means that students should learn ways to answer the entire promptnot simply repeat itin the introduction. This indicates to the Reader that the paper could be heading into Essay on Art and Architecture Middle Ages, the upper-half zone. One way to help students improve their beginning is by pale and dwarfish, providing them with several introductory paragraphs from papers that have earned a wide range of scores and Essay in the Ages and Renaissance asking them to identify stronger and weaker openings. (Sample papers are available on the Exam homepage for the course.) Rubrics especially designed for introductory paragraphs also can be helpful.

After having students collect examples of several strong openings, you may want to beowulf synopsis ask them to in the develop their own rubric for introductory paragraphs. Use paragraphs and topic sentences. Although it may seem like a small matter, students should indent paragraphs clearly. A paper without indentation or with unclear indentation often confuses a Reader. And Dwarfish! Paragraphs create the fundamental structure of the essay, and without them good ideas can get muddled. Most essays Ive seen that do not use paragraphs tend to be full of confused and rambling thoughts. Essay On Art And Architecture Ages! Many writers find topic sentences a useful tool both for time, organizing paragraphs and also for Essay on Art Middle Ages and Renaissance, helping Readers navigate through the freud the future of an illusion, essay. To score at Essay and Architecture in the Middle and Renaissance least a 3, students would be wise to make use of pertinent references from the pale and dwarfish, text.

Encourage them to use specific quotations to back up their assertions. Essay! However, remind them that they must explain their quotes clearly and behavior definition demonstrate how they are relevant to the question. It is Essay in the Middle Ages important for young writers to synopsis realize that offering long quotes without explanation bogs down the essay and can give the undesirable impression that the student is trying to Essay in the Middle fill up space rather than answer the prompt! Short, choppy sentences without variety indicate a student who has little background in grammar and Middle Ages style, perhaps someone who has read and written minimally. Teach students how to connect ideas with transitional wording, participial phrases, appositives, subordinate clauses, etc. I ask my students to imagine children making the same tower or castle each time they played with blocks.

They soon would become bored. Likewise, both writers and readers get bored when everything is formulaic, lacking some individual pizzazz! I suggest asking them to Essay and Architecture in the Middle and Renaissance experiment with different sorts of syntactical devices to synopsis help them develop a sense of style. An arsenal of appropriate vocabulary and analytical wording reveals a brilliant mind at work, but writers should make certain that the and Renaissance, words fit. Some students stick in big words just to freud the future illusion sound scholarly. Ironically, some of their papers score only a 2 because they lack clarity and sometimes say nothing of relevance to the prompt. I advise my students to use the active voice as much as possible as one remedy for repetition and other superfluous wording.

I also suggest encouraging them to develop a mental thesaurus, so they will have a large variety of words available as they compose.

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famous biographers Biographies of scientists and explorers. honored in the names of plants. shown on on Art and Architecture Middle Ages and Renaissance, this web site. Last names beginning with A-F on this page. G-M N-Z. K nowing about the people who collected, studied, described, named, and life Middle Ages cataloged the plants of an area gives us a better understanding of the history of that area, the relationships among scientists and explorers at that time, the Essay in the Ages and Renaissance, progress of science, and the rigors endured in the quest for knowledge and fiction beauty. The botanists who roamed the American West in the 19th century are an especially interesting group because they collected and cataloged at a time of worldwide enthusiasm for exploration and scientific advancement. And they were exploring virgin lands where almost every tree and flower was excitingly new. Enthusiasm and joy in discovery floods out of their reports, journals, newspaper articles, and books.

It was a very heady time for all explorers. The biographies below also indicate that the Essay on Art and Architecture in the Middle, botanists were not just Botanists; they were intrepid hikers, climbers, campers, geologists, paleontologists, surveyors, and writers. Many of the botanists were college educated, and, interestingly, many of them had medical degrees. Their schooling in the use of plants for and dwarfish, medicinal purposes and in the scientific method served them well in Essay on Art and Architecture in the their search for new plants and new knowledge. There was, of course, a financial aspect to forecasting techniques, collecting plants. Expeditions had to be paid for on Art and Architecture Middle, and explorers' city homes had mortgages. The Future Illusion. Thus it was common to on Art Middle and Renaissance, solicit the assistance of forecasting philanthropists, intellectual societies, universities, and gardens to Essay and Architecture in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, finance trips. It was also common to collect multiple specimens in the field, returning some of these to those who had financed the trip and selling other sets to moral definition, private collectors, herbaria, and universities. If we look only at a neatly typed catalog of plants collected on an expedition, it is easy to be unaware of the arduous work that went into Essay on Art in the Ages collecting those plants.

The explorer/botanists were often out for weeks, months, or years at a time, often in unexplored lands, frequently under the freud the future, threat of starvation, dehydration, and attacks from natives and ruffians. They lived with sunburn, mosquitoes, ticks, chiggers, cactus thorns, and lightning. Eleven men froze to death on a Fremont expedition, Douglas was trampled to death, Gunnison and his crew were murdered. These are not unusual cases. Collectors worldwide suffered: both Captain Cook and Captain Bligh had botanical collecting as a primary purpose of Essay on Art and Architecture in the Ages their seafaring voyages; Cook was murdered and Bligh became (unfairly) a Hollywood villain. Lives were lost and collections, too, were lost: it was maddeningly common for specimens of plants, rocks, and forecasting techniques in business fossils, and surveying data to be lost when rains and floods soaked them or pack animals carrying them toppled off mountain ledges, or rats on ships ate them. Much of the Lewis and Clark botanical collection and some journals were lost in the Expedition's river travels. And Architecture Middle. Fourteen of Fremont's pack animals (carrying all his botanical specimens) fell to their death in a winter crossing of the Sierras. Fendler lost his equipment in a flood and was so discouraged he never collected in the West again. But mounds of collected plants (and birds, rocks, skulls, weather information, and maps) did make it East (and to Europe, especially, England) where the preeminent scientists of the time analyzed, classified, and named.

For much of the 19th century (when thousands upon thousands of plant discoveries in fiction the West were made) the Essay and Renaissance, botanical taxonomic authorities were John Torrey and Asa Gray in the United States and William and Joseph Hooker (father and son) in England. These men assigned names that described plant characteristics, geographical locations, and plant relationships, or (relevant to our discussion here) honored people who were important botanists, naturalists, and explorers in the West, the pale and dwarfish, United States, or in in the Middle and Renaissance other parts of the world. Over twenty percent of the plants shown in this web site have a person's name as part or all of their scientific name. Behavior Definition. (Because a plant bears someone's name it does not mean, though, that person discovered the plant -- or even saw it.) (See also scientific name .) The people honored in plant names have also been honored in other ways. Several fourteen thousand foot peaks in Colorado are named for eminent botanists: Gray's Peak (at 14,274 the 9th highest peak in Colorado) and Essay and Architecture Middle Ages and Renaissance Torrey's Peak (at 14,267 the freud the future of an, 11th highest peak in Colorado); the Stansbury Mountains of Utah honor Howard Stansbury; birds carry their names (Lewis' Woodpecker, Clark's Nutcracker, Nuttall's Woodpecker, Townsend's Solitaire); and towns, rivers, lakes, and canyons honor them: Fremont, Gunnison, Lewis, Powell. Threads linking many of the naturalists discussed below weave through the biographies. Many were on expeditions together, were student/teacher, shared botanical and Essay in the Middle Ages and Renaissance other scientific collections with each other, were brought together by mutual friends, or competed.

Two threads that I particularly enjoyed following were the relationships with Charles Darwin and synopsis membership in the National Academy of Essay on Art Sciences. It is fascinating to read about the reaction of major 19th century botanists to the publication in 1859 of Darwin's The Origin of definition Species . Many botanists came through splendidly as open-minded scientists who, when faced with a theory that contradicted some of their most cherished and fundamental beliefs, recanted. They studied The Origin of Species and were awed at Essay on Art in the Ages, the weight of Darwin's evidence and his twenty years of and dwarfish work challenging, analyzing, and ordering this evidence before he published. Asa Gray and Joseph Hooker , the two greatest botanists of the 19th century, studied The Origin of Species and immediately saw the power of Darwin's evidence and the truth of his conclusions. See the entries for Gray and Hooker for on Art and Architecture Middle, details. Another thread to follow through the following biographies is about the formation of the National Academy of Sciences by an act of Congress signed into law by President Lincoln in 1863. Four botanists, George Engelmann, Asa Gray, John Newberry, and John Torrey, all of time fiction whom have biographies in this web site, were chosen by Congress to be among the fifty charter members of the Academy. The National Academy of Sciences was soon called on by Congress to Essay on Art and Architecture Ages, settle a complex and forecasting in business contentious question about the Essay on Art in the, administrative guidance for the exploration of the West.

The numerous survey parties which detailed the topography, climate, botany, and resources of the West were primarily conducted by the United States Corps of Topographical Engineers (see www.topogs.org/Links.htm ). By the 1860's there were those who believed the task could be better undertaken by definition, more scientifically trained leaders under different federal leadership. The issue was turned over to the National Academy of Sciences for study and a recommendation to Essay on Art and Architecture in the Middle Ages, Congress. The Academy's report urged that the various surveys sponsored by the military under the leadership of Stansbury, Gunnison, Fremont, Hayden, and others be ended and the future that a new agency, The United States Geological Survey, within the Essay on Art and Architecture in the Middle Ages, Department of the Interior, be created. With great debate and compromise, this momentous recommendation was adopted by Congress in 1879. The members of the National Academy of Sciences are dedicated to the furtherance of science and in the Essay technology and to their use for the general welfare . There are presently about 2,100 Academy members including 200 who have received a Nobel Prize. See The National Academy web site . Following each person's biography are links to plants named for on Art and Architecture in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, that person. Numerous web sources and many books, especially those listed immediately below and those mentioned in the biographies, provided much of the biographical information. Joseph Ewan's Rocky Mountain Naturalists . Joseph and and dwarfish Nesta Ewan's Biographical Dictionary of Rocky Mountain Naturalists . William Goetzmann's Exploration and Empire: The Explorer and the Scientist in the Winning of the Essay on Art and Architecture Middle Ages, American West. William A. Synopsis. Weber's Colorado Flora . Thanks to the staff at the Cortez, Colorado Library for their assistance in obtaining books for me.

Allioni, Carlo , 1725-1804: Italian physician, professor, and botanist. Allioni was famous for his work on malaria but became even more well known for on Art Middle and Renaissance, his botanical work. Allioni was a strong supporter of the and dwarfish, Linnaean taxonomic system. In 1785 Allioni published his 3 volume work, Flora Pedemontana , which describes over 2,800 species of plants. Allionia incarnata. 1763: Physician, Mayor of Williamsburg, Virginia from 1750 to 1751, and an associate of the famous botanist John Clayton. The genus is most often said to have been named for an 18th century Virginia physician and traveler, Charles Amson, but research in Ages and Renaissance 2004 by James Pringle shows that Charles probably never existed. Pringle traces the history of the first collected species of this genus, the variety of names given to the plant, and the confusion about the freud the future of an illusion, source of the genus name, which Pringle clearly establishes as John Amson, though we know very little about John. And Architecture And Renaissance. See SIDA. Amsonia tomentosa. Assisi, Saint Francis , 1181/11821226: Catholic friar and preacher who founded the Franciscan Order and assisted in founding other Orders.

He remains one of the most venerated Christian religious figures. St. Francis led a worldly and often wild life until he was twenty-two when a vision prompted him to renounce his considerable worldly possessions and live in poverty with the poor. St. Synopsis. Francis is known to many as a symbol of kindness to animals, especially birds. In the early 1600s (considerably before the city of San Francisco was named), Franciscan Friars established a missionary at the base of the on Art and Architecture Middle Ages and Renaissance, mountains at present day Flagstaff, Arizona.

The Friars gave the name San Francisco to the peaks to honor their Patron Saint, San Francis of the future Assisi. Essay In The Ages. The Peaks are, of course, known by many other names to Native Americans. Mertensia franciscana. Bahi, Juan Francisco , 1775-1841: Professor of Botany at the University of forecasting techniques in business Barcelona in the 19th century. Essay On Art And Architecture. In 1816 the genus Bahia was named for him in Genera et Species Plantarum by Mariano La Gasca, Director of the Real Jardin Botanico de Madrid. A Woman's Life In The Middle. Amauriopsis dissecta. Bailey, Vernon Orlando , 1864-1942: Chief Field Naturalist with the Bureau of Biological Survey, United States Department of Agriculture from 1890 to 1933. According to the Smithsonian, Bailey's chief biological interest was the study of the life history and distribution of mammals. During his career with the in the and Renaissance, Biological Survey, he made field investigations throughout the United States, Canada, and Mexico, including intensive biological surveys of Texas, New Mexico, North Dakota, and Oregon. His bibliography numbered 244 titles and included scientific monographs, as well as publications for the general reader. Among his many publications were Life Zones and Crop Zones of New Mexico and time fiction Mammals of New Mexico.

Yucca baileyi. Baker, Charles Fuller , 1872-1927: Botanist, entomologist, Professor of Agronomy and Essay on Art and Architecture in the and Renaissance Agriculture, Assistant Entomologist with the Colorado Agricultural Experiment Station in Fort Collins. Definition. Lived in and collected in Colorado until end of 1800s and then moved to California, returning to Colorado for several collecting expeditions. In 1901 Edward Greene published three volumes of Baker's plant collections in Plantae Bakerianae . Baker's 100,000 specimen sheets were left to Pomona College. Oreoxis bakeri Phacelia bakeri. Barbey, William , 1842-1914: Swiss philanthropist, botanist, and student of Essay Epilobium . Freud Illusion. Delphinium barbeyi. Barton, Benjamin Smith , 1766-1815: Physician, Professor of Botany at the University of Pennsylvania, author of Essays Towards a Materia Medica of the United States (1798-1804) (the first book on on Art in the Ages and Renaissance, American medicinal plants) and The Elements of Botany (1803) (the first American botany textbook).

Benefactor of many botanists including Frederick Pursh and Thomas Nuttall . Jefferson held Barton in such high regard that he asked him to teach the latest botanical collecting techniques and taxonomy to Meriwether Lewis prior to the Lewis and Clark Expedition. See the entries for Pursh, Nuttall, Lewis, and McMahon for more details about Barton and these important times for the beginning of A woman's life Middle Essay American botany. See also David Townsend . Bertero, Carlo , 1789-1831: Italian physician and highly accomplished and respected botanist who collected plants for many years in the West Indies and Columbia (1817-1821) and Chile (1827-1831). Berteroi disappeared with all others on his ship returning from three months of Middle and Renaissance collecting in Tahiti. Freud. Osmorhiza berteroi. Bessey, Charles Edwin , 1845-1915: Student of Asa Gray, Professor of Botany at Iowa State in and Architecture in the Middle and Renaissance Ames, Iowa, until 1884 and then acclaimed botanist at the University of Nebraska until his death. Bessy began teaching horticulture, botany, and time travel zoology at Iowa State in 1870, the year after the college opened.

His and his students' botanical collections became the Iowa State Herbarium, which he remained Curator of until 1884. (The herbarium is Essay in the Middle Ages, now known as the Ada Hayden Herbarium, after Ada Hayden, who became, in 1918, the first woman PhD from Iowa State. She became Professor of Botany at Iowa State in 1920 and remained at pale and dwarfish, Iowa until her death in 1950 by which time she had increased the on Art and Architecture, herbarium size to over 250,000 specimens). Under Bessey the herbarium had grown to 15,000 species by 1884 when he, now Vice-President of the College, left Iowa State because of a dispute with the state legislature. Bessey eventually became Chancellor of the University of Nebraska and a great collector of Nebraska and Colorado plants. He was the first American to make major contributions to plant classification based on a phylogenetic system, the attempt to establish the most primitive to most evolved plants. Bessey was known for moral behavior, his contributions to botanical education: he made laboratory work a standard part of his botany courses and wrote several botanical texts that were widely used for decades. Bessey initiated the Essay on Art Ages, Nebraska National Forest, the first completely hand-planted forest in the world. Bigelow, John Milton , 1804-1878: Physician, botanist, and member of pale several Western expeditions in Essay and Architecture in the the New Mexico area.

Participated in the Mexican Boundary Survey, 1850-1852, which produced over 2,500 botanical specimens. Bigelow was also a member of the Whipple 1853 explorations for a southern rail route and collected numerous new species which Torrey and Gray described. Moral. Became Professor of Ages Botany at Detroit Medical College in 1860. Senecio bigelovii , Dieteria bigelovii , Artemisia bigelovii. Brandegee, Townshend Stith , 1843-1925 and. Brandegee, Mary Katherine (Layne, Curran) , 1844-1920: Townshend was a botanist, Civil Engineer, and life Middle Essay surveyor. Asa Gray recommended him to Hayden for the 1875 Survey and from this Brandegee published The Flora of Southwestern Colorado in on Art and Architecture in the Middle Ages and Renaissance the 1876 Geological and life Ages Geographical Survey of the Territories , Bulletin V. On Art And Architecture Ages. 2, #3. He was a highly respected botanist, as was his wife, Mary Katherine Townshend. She was a physician and botanist who published a flora of Yosemite and became, in 1883, the travel fiction, first woman Curator of the California Academy of Sciences Herbarium ( Alice Eastwood succeeded her).

The Brandegees spent their 1889 honeymoon hiking from Essay on Art in the Ages San Diego to San Francisco collecting plants. The Brandegees are honored in pale the names of about 120 plants in the U.S.; those dated before 1889 were named for Townshend and Essay and Architecture in the Middle Ages those after were probably named for illusion, both Townshend and Essay on Art in the Middle Mary. Mary is also honored in the names of several dozen plants which refer either to her maiden name of Layne or her first marriage name of Curran. The Brandegees left their library and personal plant collection of over 75,000 plants to the University of California. Trifolium brandegeei is a lovely, hot pink Pea that Townshend Brandegee was the first to collect; it is the only plant in this web site named for A woman's, him. In The Flora of Southwestern Colorado Brandegee said of his new discovery, [It is] a very showy species, common in the Sierra La Plata. It is still very showy and still common in on Art and Architecture and Renaissance the La Platas. Bree, William Thomas , 1787-1863: Botanist and Rector of Allesley. Moral. Mentioned by Charles Darwin in his correspondence. Breea arvensis (now Cirsium arvense ) Brewer, William , 1828-1910: Principal Assistant, in Essay in the and Renaissance charge of Botanical Department on illusion, the Whitney Geological Survey of California ( 1860-1864) , Chair of Agriculture in the Sheffield Scientific School at Yale, 1865-1903 . Wrote Up and Essay on Art Ages and Renaissance Down California in freud 1860-1864; The Journal of William H. Essay Middle Ages And Renaissance. Brewer (available online at the Library of and dwarfish Congress American Memory).

Co-author with Sereno Watson and Essay Middle Asa Gray of the first flora of techniques California, the 1876 report of the botanical work of the 1860-1864 Whitney Survey and the King Survey of 1867-1869. Click to read his biography of Sereno Watson. Member and President of the National Academy of Sciences. Navarretia breweri. Brickell, John , 1749-1809: Savannah Georgia physician and botanist who came to the U.S. in 1770 from Ireland. Stephen Elliott (1771-1830) named the genus Brickellia for John Brickell. In Elliott's Sketch of the Botany of South Carolina and Florida , Elliott (a Georgia amateur botanist and later Professor of Botany, legislator, banker, and writer) says of the Brickellia plant, I have named it in commemoration of Dr. John Brickell, of and Renaissance Savannah, who at one period of his life paid much attention to the botany of this country, and made known to Dr. Muhlenberg, Fraser, and others, many of the undescribed plants. (Thanks to David Hollombe of beowulf California for supplying me with some of this information .) This John Brickell was not related to the John Brickell, author in 1737 of The Natural History of North-Carolina , a work known to have been greatly plagiarized from a number of people, including the Reverend John Clayton, no relation to on Art and Architecture Ages and Renaissance, the John Clayton of Claytonia lanceolata . Unfortunately, the modern, very nice, and widely circulated book Shrubs and Trees of the Southwest Uplands , published by moral behavior, the Southwest Parks and Monuments Association, indicates that John Brickell (1749-1809) wrote the on Art and Architecture Middle and Renaissance, plagiarized book and incorrectly gives the the future, date of publication as 1787.

Click to see that the publication date was 1737, twelve years before our John Brickell was born. Carruth, James Harrison , 1807-1896: Yale graduate, taught, preached, moved in 1856 to Kansas from Massachusetts. Became increasingly interested in Essay and Architecture Ages and Renaissance the flora of Kansas and cataloged 1,270 plants of that state. Taught botany, presented papers before the Kansas Academy of Science. In a series of 1880 brief biographies of the Yale class of 1832, it was said of Carruth that Except a throbbing in the head, immediately consequent upon too close application to botanical studies in 1876, he is synopsis, well, and can handle a flail, or a hoe, as well as he could fifty years ago, and Essay on Art and Architecture Middle Ages can easily walk twenty miles in a day. Artemisia carruthii.

Case, Eliphalet Lewis , 1843-1925: School teacher, civil war veteran, plant collector. In 1902 he was elected Treasurer of Sierra County, California. Corydalis caseana variety brandegeei. Castillejo, Domingo , 1744-1793: Spanish botanist and Professor of forecasting Botany in Essay and Architecture in the Cadiz, Spain. The genus Castilleja (Paintbrush), was named for Domingo Castillejo in 1782 (in Linnaeus son's Supplementum Plantarum ) by Jose Celestino Mutis.

Mutis was born in Cadiz, became a physician with great botanical interests, went to Columbia in 1760 where he planned (but never finished) a botany of Columbia. The Future Of An Illusion. Mutis sent plants to the father and son Linnaeus and Essay and Architecture Ages and Renaissance must have known through them or other botanical sources of A woman's in the Middle Ages his countryman, Domingo Castillejo. There are, according to Intermountain Flora , about 200 species of Castilleja, most growing in western North America, several in on Art and Architecture in the Middle and Renaissance eastern North America and Asia, and about fifteen in Central and South America. Freud Of An Illusion. It must have been at least one of the latter that Mutis discovered and named for Domingo Castillejo. Castilleja chromosa Castilleja haydenii Castilleja integra Castilleja linariifolia Castilleja liniata Castilleja miniata Castilleja occidentalis Castilleja rhexiifolia Castilleja septentrionalis. Chamisso, Louis Charles de (Ludolf Karl von) , 1781-1838: German poet and naturalist.

Naturalist on Kotzebue's 1815 voyage. On Art And Architecture In The Middle And Renaissance. He is freud the future, noted for having conducted the first complete western North America botanical profile, which included the San Francisco Bay area. See Romanzoff and Eschscholtz. Clark, William , 1770-1838: Co-leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. After the Expedition, Brigadier General of the Militia for the Louisiana Territory and Superintendent of Indian Affairs at St. Louis. Supervised publication of Nicholas Biddle's 1814 compilation of Essay and Architecture Middle Lewis and Clark's journals of the Expedition: History of the Expedition under the Commands of Captains Lewis and Clark . See Meriwether Lewis . There are many books and many on-line sources about Lewis and Clark; an definition, excellent on-line starting point is and Architecture Middle, Discovering Lewis and forecasting in business Clark . Some of the biographical information about Lewis, Pursh, Barton, and Douglas on my web site comes from James Reveal's Natural History section on the Discovering Lewis and Clark web site. The original specimens collected by Lewis and Clark are now housed in the Herbarium at the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. For the most extensive collection of on-line Lewis and Clark documents see the Essay on Art in the Middle and Renaissance, American Journal. Clayton , John , (1694-1773): Emigrated to Virginia from England in 1715.

Clerk to the County Court of Gloucester County, Virginia from 1720 until his death. Clayton and the great naturalist John Bartram became friends as did Clayton and Mark Catesby, artist and naturalist. Clayton probably joined Catesby on collecting expeditions and when Catesby returned to England, Clayton continued collecting and sent Catesby many specimens. Catesby shared these specimens with J. F. Gronovius who used them (without crediting Clayton) as the basis of his Flora Virginica , 1739-1743. Gronovius shared the specimens with Linnaeus. ( Sir Joseph Banks (of Captain Cook and definition Captain Bligh fame) bought the Gronovius-Clayton specimens in 1793.) James Reveal tells us of Mark Catesby, His travels in the Virginia colony were limited but fruitful as it was here that he began to on Art in the Middle and Renaissance, gather specimens of the local flora and in business fauna, sketching each in varying degrees of exactness.

While there Catesby became acquainted with a young clerk named John Clayton who would play a future role in Catesby’s life and was destined to and Architecture Ages and Renaissance, become a foremost source of Virginia plants prior to 1753 for Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus. (From Reveal's A NOMENCLATURAL SUMMARY OF THE PLANT AND ANIMAL NAMES BASED ON IMAGES IN MARK CATESBY’S NATURAL HISTORY (17291747). The herbarium of the Natural History Museum of London is named for John Clayton. Behavior Definition. Linnaeus named the on Art in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, Claytonia genus for time fiction, John Clayton. Claytonia lanceolata , Claytonia megarhiza. Clements, Edith Gertrude , 1874-1971: Botanist, ecologist, botanical artist. Edith Clements was the Essay in the Middle Ages, first woman to receive a PhD from the University of moral behavior definition Nebraska. She met Frederic Clements at on Art Ages, the University, married, and the two conceived of, initiated, and worked in the Alpine Laboratory on Pikes Peak. 1913 authored Rocky Mountain Flowers and in 1920 Flowers of Mountain and the future of an Plain , both of which have many beautiful color plates that are still vivid and lovely today.

In 1903 Clementsia rhodantha (now Rhodiola rhodantha ) was named in and Architecture Middle honor of both Edith and Frederic. Clements, Frederic Edward , 1874-1945: Student of Charles Bessey at the University of Nebraska. Professor of Botany at the University of Nebraska and then Minnesota. Originated the plant succession concept. Travel. Early in in the Ages and Renaissance the 20th century established the Carnegie Institution's Alpine Laboratory on pale and dwarfish, Pikes Peak where, during eight summers, he, his wife, and many students and Essay on Art and Architecture in the Ages and Renaissance co-workers studied the complex interrelationships of all influences (insects, moisture, sunlight, wind, etc.) on alpine plants. The Clements spent their winters during these years studying the same interrelationships in fiction the desert at the Carnegie Desert Botanical Laboratory near Tucson. In 1914 Clements published Rocky Mountain Flora . And Architecture In The. Clements wrote seminal ecological works such as Plant Succession: An Analysis of the forecasting, Development of on Art and Architecture Middle Ages and Renaissance Vegetation (1916) and Bio-Ecology (1939). In the latter, co-authored with Victor Shelford, Clements argued the importance of forecasting in business studying the biome, all the plants and animals in a given region. In 1903 Clementsia rhodantha (now Rhodiola rhodantha ) was named in Essay and Architecture Ages honor of both Frederic and Edith. Clover, Elzada , 1897-1980: Curator of the University of Michigan Botanical Gardens and Professor in the Department of A woman's life Essay Botany.

Specialized in succulents. In 1938 she and her graduate student, Lois Jotter, botanized down 660 miles of the Colorado River, becoming the first women to float the Colorado River. Sclerocactus cloveriae (now Sclerocactus parviflorus subspecies parviflorus ) Collins, Zaccheus , 1764-1831: Philadelphia merchant and in the Middle and Renaissance eminent botanist . For over 25 years, he was a correspondent with Baldwin, Bigelow, Ives, Nuttall, Torrey, and other esteemed botanists of the time. Collins was a member of the Philadelphia Academy of Sciences and served as its Vice-President. Collinsia parviflora. Constance, Lincoln , 1909-2001: Director of the beowulf synopsis, Herbarium at the University of California, Berkeley; President of the Essay on Art in the, California Academy of Sciences; Dean, Vice Chancellor, and Professor Emeritus at Berkeley; and Apiaceae specialist.

Received his Ph.D. from Berkeley where he studied under Jepson. Remained at time travel fiction, Berkeley from 1937-1976. Was a trustee of the on Art and Architecture Middle Ages and Renaissance, Jepson Herbarium, founded in 1950 for the study and collection of California flora and helped edit The Jepson Manual, Higher Plants of California. Constance is considered one of the forecasting techniques, top plant systematists of the 20th century. In 1986, he received the Asa Gray Award of the American Society of Plant Taxonomists for outstanding contributions to systematic botany. He was a fellow of the American Academy of Essay in the Middle Ages Arts and Sciences, the California Academy of Sciences, and a member of the Linnaean Society of London and the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences. He served as president of the American Society of Plant Taxonomists, the California Botanical Society, and the Botanical Society of America. Cymopterus constancei.

Cooper, James, 1830-1902: Physician, naturalist. Geologist with the geological Survey of California. Naturalist with the Pacific Railroad Survey of 1853. Wrote first book on birds of California. Pale. (Cooper's Hawk is named for his father.) Collected plants in the Mojave Desert. Cottam, Walter , 1894-1988: Professor of Essay on Art and Architecture in the Middle Botany at Brigham Young University and then at the University of Utah from 1931-1962. Founded the Brigham Young University and University of Utah herbaria. Cottam founded the State Arboretum of Utah and Red Butte Garden and he was one of the founders of the The Nature Conservancy.

Cottam was one of the early ecologists and, from the 1940s on, he published papers and spoke often about land degradation caused by cattle and sheep; he warned that these animals would lead to travel, the desertification of Utah. Cottam was well known for his work on Essay on Art and Architecture Ages and Renaissance, hybrid Oaks. Astragalus cottamii ( now Astragalus monumentalis variety cottamii ) Coulter, John Merle , 1851-1928: Born of missionary parents in Ningpo, China. Came to Indiana when two years old. Received his PhD in 1883 from Indiana University. From 1871-1879 was Professor of Natural Sciences at Hanover College.

During the field seasons of 1872-1875 Coulter served as the A woman's, Assistant Geologist and Essay Ages Botanist to the United States Geological Survey in the Rocky Mountains (the Hayden Survey ). In his lifetime he became a revered Professor, a prolific researcher and writer, President of Indiana University, President of Lake Forest College, and Professor of forecasting techniques Botany and in the Middle Ages and Renaissance Head of the A woman's in the Ages, Botany Department (1896-1926) at the University of Chicago. In 1874 Coulter and Thomas Porter published the first Colorado flora, Synopsis of the Flora of Colorado (click the title to read the Synopsis ). See Porter for details. Click to read Coulter's Botany of Western Texas . Click to read Coulter's A Textbook of Botany for Colleges and Universities . Coulter was the found er of the Botanical Gazette and its editor for Middle Ages and Renaissance, half a century. He was a member of the American Association of University Professors; the freud the future illusion, Indiana, Illinois, and Chicago Academies of Science; the Botanical Society of America; and Essay in the the American Association for the Advancement of Science (where he served as President). He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in of an illusion 1909. Coulter's renown was such that around 1923 he was. engaged as a consultant to [China's] Suzhou [University's] science program.

Coulter advised more serious attention to taxonomy and studies of the on Art Middle and Renaissance, local flora, as such data [are] basic to the botanical sciences in any country. Coulter's advice provided strong guidance to N. Gist Gee, China's Suzhou University Biology Department's founder and administrator who significantly affected the direction of science education throughout China in the 1920s and 1930s . (This little known aspect of Coulter's accomplishments is discussed in travel Biology and Revolution in Twentieth-Century China (p. Essay Middle Ages. 68) by Laurence Schneider, my brother.) For more details about Coulter's life, publications, and accomplishments, see the moral behavior, Biographical Memoir of John Merle Coulter by the eminent botanist, William Trelease. In this Memoir you will find 22 pages listing Coulter's extensive and varied publications in botany. Click for correspondence between Coulter and George Engelmann. The John Merle Coulter Nature Preserve is Essay on Art Middle and Renaissance, a 92-acre Indiana State Nature Preserve located in synopsis the City of Middle Ages Portage. Crandall, Charles , 1851-1929: Horticulturalist, Professor of Botany and Horticulture and herbarium curator at Colorado Agricultural College (now known as Colorado State University), Professor of Horticulture at pale, the University of Illinois; plant collector. Famous for initiating breeding studies of crosses of various apples to on Art and Architecture in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, find apples resistant to fireblight, scab, and forecasting in business powdery mildew. Essay On Art And Architecture In The And Renaissance. Crandall's crosses of Rome and Malus floribunda 821 apples formed the basis of beowulf 20th century apple breeding.

Penstemon crandallii. Cronquist, Arthur , 1919-1992: Taxonomist, Asteraceae expert, and one of greatest botanists of the 20th century. On Art And Architecture. Worked most of his career at the New York Botanical Garden. Published numerous articles and books, many establishing new botanical concepts. Beowulf. His taxonomic overview was The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants in 1968. In 1981 he published, An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants , a work setting forth a revised system of Essay on Art in the Ages plant classification which eventually was adopted by major botanical projects including the Jepson Manual (1993) and the Flora of North America . In 1991 he and Henry Gleason published the Manual of the Vascular Plants . Cronquist did fieldwork throughout North America, but concentrated on the intermountain region and his field work there led eventually to the publication of the first volumes of Intermountain Flora , the most important work on this area and the most important work for this web site. The eighth and and dwarfish final volume was published in 2012.

According to the New York Botanical Garden archives: In the later 1950's Cronquist began a correspondence and collaboration with the Armenian botanist, Armen Takhtajan, of the Essay in the, Komarov Institute in Leningrad, U.S.S.R. His work with Takhtajan and associate biologists at the Komarov proved a critical stimulus in the development of his synthetic projects in general botanic systems. During his association and friendship with Takhtajan, Cronquist studied and moral became proficient in Russian, visited the (then) Soviet Union on several occasions, and promoted scientific exchanges between the Essay Middle Ages and Renaissance, two countries. Photo of Arthur Cronquist from the Hunt Institute. for Botanical Documentation. The New York Botanical Garden archives state: As Director of Botany (1971-74) and Senior Scientist (1974-92), Cronquist carried important administrative duties at the Garden and at its satellite facility, the Cary Arboretum. During this time he also held faculty appointments at Columbia University and the City University of A woman's life Middle New York, where he served on the Executive Committee on Biology. In The Middle Ages. His many professional affiliations included the American Society of Plant Taxonomists (president, 1962); the Botanical Society of America (president, 1973); the International Association of Plant Taxonomy (council member); and the Torrey Botanical Club (president, 1976).

Professional awards and honors included the Leidy Medal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia (1970); honorary vice-president of the XII International Botanical Congress, Leningrad (1975); the Asa Gray Award (American Society of Plant Taxonomists (1985); and pale the Medal for Botany, Linnean Society of London (1986). Arthur Cronquist was known for Ages and Renaissance, his towering physical stature, tall tales, and congeniality as well as for his commanding position as a botanist and educator. His advancement of taxonomy, plant systematics, and floristics was of lasting significance to the science of botany. He died on March 22, 1992 while studying plant specimens in the herbarium of Brigham Young University in Utah. Cutler, Hugh Carson , 1912-1998: Anthropologist, botanist.

Received his Ph.D. in botany from Washington University in St. Louis and continued to be associated on and off with that University for the rest of his life. Curator of economic botany at the Field Museum of moral Natural History in Chicago and with the Missouri Botanical Garden in St. Louis. Originated the MBG Systematics Symposium in 1954. Famous for his flotation methods of retrieving spores and pollen, especially from archaeological sites. Was a devoted student of plants of the Essay on Art and Architecture in the, Southwest U.S.

Early in his career he became interested in economic botany and the useful plants of the New World and their relatives; studies related to the taxonomy of useful plants; research on the wild relatives, variability, and kinds grown by living people; and specimens recovered from archaeological sites. (Cutler's words in his 1964, Career Statement. From the Washington University Archives as quoted on-line in forecasting a biography by David Browman.) Cutler's collection of more than 12,000 ears of native species of maize is now with the Department of Agriculture at the University of Essay Ages and Renaissance Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Asclepias cutleri Ephedra cutleri. Dale, Samuel , 1659-1739: British botanist, physician, and gardener. He wrote, Pharmacologia, seu manuductio ad materiam medicam in 1693.

Dale's herbarium is preserved in forecasting techniques in business the British Museum, and his labeling of the specimens shows great care to detail. With Bobart and Sherard, Dale completed the third part of Essay on Art and Architecture Ages and Renaissance Morison's Historia (Oxford, 1699). Dalea candida variety oligophylla. Daniels, Francis Potter , 1869-1947: PhD from the University of Missouri, Professor of Romance Languages at Wabash and Georgia State Colleges, botanist. Spent one (or several) summers teaching at the University of and dwarfish Colorado and collected extensively and successfully for the University of Missouri, publishing in 1911 with respected scientist T. D. Cockerell, Flora of Boulder, Colorado, and Vicinity . Was Assistant Curator of the National Herbarium for a short time. Chamerion danielsii (now Chamerion angustifolium subspecies circumvagum ) Deppe, Ferdinand , 1794-1860: Collected in Essay on Art and Architecture and Renaissance Central America with Christian Julius Schiede for freud, several years in the 1820s and then returned to in the Middle and Renaissance, his native Germany where he owned a plant nursery.

In 1828 in Veracruz, Mexico, Deppe and forecasting Schiede collected Juniperus deppeana . Dillenius, Johann , 1684-1747: Noted German physician and mycologist. With the encouragement of the English botanist, William Sherard, he emigrated from Essay on Art and Architecture Ages and Renaissance Germany to England in illusion 1721. He became the first president of the Botanical Society of London in the 1720s. In 1732 he published a book with his own drawings and engravings of the American plants of Sherard's Eltham Garden. In 1734 Sherard endowed a botanical professorship at Oxford and had Dillenius appointed to that position. Dillenius held this chair until his death. In 1736 Linnaeus met Dillenius at Oxford and the two remained lifelong friends, correspondents, and Essay on Art and Architecture in the Ages and Renaissance botanical associates. Linnaeus' 1753 Species Plantarum frequently cites Dillenius' botanical work. A Woman's. Oxalis dillenii. Douglas, David , 1799-1834: Scottish explorer and botanist. Essay On Art Middle. Grew up poor, walked 12 mile round trip to school every day, left school at age eleven to be a gardener's assistant.

Rose steadily and quickly in the estimation of all he worked with and in 1820 was hired by time, the Glasgow Botanic Garden to work under William Hooker. In 1823 Hooker recommended him to the Royal Horticultural Society and they sponsored Douglas for Middle, his first trip to beowulf, North America. During his six months there he met Torrey and Nuttall, examined some of Meriwether Lewis' specimens, and collected extensively in the eastern United States and Essay and Architecture in the Ages Canada. The Society report of his travels stated that the mission was executed by Mr. Douglas with a success beyond our expectations. Photo of David Douglas from the Hunt Institute. for Botanical Documentation. He was quickly engaged again by the Royal Horticultural Society in conjunction with The Hudson Bay Company and he left for the Northwest coast of North America in 1824.

With John Scouler, Douglas was the first to collect flora and fauna in the Galapagos on their way to the Pacific Northwest. Most of the collection was lost but Sir Joseph Hooker cited thirteen Galápagos plants gathered by Scouler and five from of an illusion Douglas in a paper he published on Darwin in 1847. On Art And Architecture Middle Ages. (ABC Bookworld) From 1825-1827 Douglas traveled thousands of miles by foot, horse, and canoe in the West: from April to December of 1825 he traveled 2,100 miles, in 1826 he traveled 4,000 miles, in 1827 he left the Pacific coast and traveled 3,000 miles to Hudson Bay and forecasting techniques in business from there sailed home. (On his way to Hudson Bay, Douglas met Thomas Drummond and the Franklin Expedition in Canada in 1827.) Through these years and thousands of miles, Douglas was an intrepid botanizer, searching, climbing, crawling, digging, collecting, studying, pressing, and drying and re-drying after soaking rivers and rains. His miles of travel in 1825-1827 took him -- often only in the company of an Indian guide/interpreter -- up the Columbia, back to the coast, to and Architecture in the, California, back to British Columbia, up the Columbia River to the Rockies, and back to the coast. He was almost always in areas no Westerner had ever been. He was wrecked in canoes, thrown into a river by his horse, lost collections and travel went back for more, slogged through deep snows to reach alpine plants, slept many nights with no shelter, faced Indian hostilities a number of times, was next to starvation, but he continued to collect and collect. The months on end of living in wilderness, said Douglas, were looked upon by me with a sort of Essay and Architecture Middle and Renaissance dread. A Woman's Middle Ages Essay. Now I am well accustomed to in the Ages and Renaissance, it so much that comfort seems superfluity. (From Lemmon.

See end of the Douglas section.) Douglas brought large collections of plants and seeds home with him from this trip, but he had also shipped many extensive collections home over beowulf synopsis, the years from the Pacific coast. When he arrived in England his reputation was already established and he was treated as a hero. He was elected Fellow of the and Architecture Middle and Renaissance, Linnean, Geological, and Zoological Societies -- quite an honor for a Scottish poor boy gardener. He returned to the Pacific coast in 1829 again under Hudson Bay patronage, spent several years botanizing up the Columbia, southward into California, to Hawaii, back to Fort Vancouver and the Columbia area, and then again to Hawaii in 1833. The Future. He loved Hawaii, climbed its volcanoes scorching his feet and collecting plants. Essay On Art And Architecture. On July 12th 1834 he set off with his terrier to explore Mauna Loa, one of the two huge volcanoes on the Island of Hawaii. The Future Of An. Douglas never returned from this trip; he fell into Essay Ages and Renaissance a pit (an animal trap) and was trampled to death by Essay, a steer that had previously fallen in. We don't know how the accident happened but we do know that Douglas' vision had been damaged on his snowy expeditions along the Pacific Coast and in Canada and on Art Ages and Renaissance it is quite possible that he did not see the pit that cost him his life -- or perhaps he saw the pit and freud the future of an illusion slipped in when he curiously looked into it. From his travels, Douglas introduced to Britain over Essay in the, two hundred plants (including many Pines and Firs) that were widely planted as ornamentals and plantation crop trees. See page 220 of the Oregon Historical Journal for a list of plants collected by Douglas.

Douglas described, among many other plants, the Ponderosa Pine, the Sugar Pine with its enormous cones, the Sitka Spruce, and synopsis he was the first botanist to describe the coastal Redwoods. His collections formed the bases of several seminal botanical works including Hooker's Flora Boreali-Americana (see William Jackson Hooker and click the Essay and Architecture Middle, Flora title to read). He was the first to collect Purshia tridentata and Erigeron speciosus . Three plants on this web site are named for Douglas: Chaenactis douglasii , Douglas Fir ( Pseudotsuga menziesii) , Cicuta douglasii . For an time travel fiction, enlightening, intriguing, eye-opening, mind-boggling view into Essay on Art in the Middle Ages and Renaissance the complexities and synopsis vagaries of the naming of plants, see James Reveal's excellent discussion of Douglas Fir on on Art, the Lewis and Clark web site. For the freud, riveting story of Douglas and other explorers in Britain's world-wide quest for plants from 1768-1836, see Kenneth Lemon's The Golden Age of Essay in the Middle Ages Plant Hunters . Pale And Dwarfish. Chapter after chapter is filled with calamity, success, death, heroism, and surprises: Captain Cook was leading expeditions which had as a primary goal -- botanizing. Botany Bay was named by Joseph Banks on Essay and Architecture Ages and Renaissance, a Cook expedition. Captain Bligh's voyage on the Bounty met with catastrophe in large part because of the rigors of botanizing.

From China to Tahiti to California to beowulf synopsis, Brazil to Africa and Essay and Architecture in the Middle and Renaissance India, the British were around the world collecting plants for their gardens and meals. During the reign of freud of an illusion King George III (1761-1820) it is estimated that nearly 7,000 new species were brought to England from around the world. Douglas' role in these explorations ensconced him as a British national treasure. Drummond, Thomas , 1780-1835: Botanist, naturalist, explorer, Curator of Middle and Renaissance Belfast Botanical Gardens. William Jackson Hooker recommended him as an expedition naturalist to forecasting, Rear-Admiral John Franklin for his 1825-1827 expedition to Western Canada and the Arctic.

Drummond walked and botanized hundreds of miles on his own during the expedition; met David Douglas in Canada in on Art in the July 1827 and shared specimens. Drummond gained widespread respect for his collections of moral behavior definition birds and Essay and Architecture in the and Renaissance plants on the Franklin Expedition. In Business. Drummond made a second trip to America, 1830-1835: in 1830 he collected specimens from the American Southwest and in on Art in the Middle and Renaissance Texas alone he collected 750 species of plants and 150 specimens of birds -- the first Texas collections distributed to scientists. Sir William Jackson Hooker described many of moral Drummond's specimens in his Flora Boreali-Americana . Middle And Renaissance. (Click the title to read.) Click for more biographical information about in business, Drummond. Also see John Richardson. Boechera drummondii. Eastwood, Alice , 1859-1953: Denver high school teacher, plant collector, author of the first flora of a local area of and Architecture in the Middle Ages and Renaissance Colorado: A Popular Flora of freud the future of an illusion Denver, Colorado (circa 1893), and renown California botanist. Eastwood graduated from Essay and Architecture Middle and Renaissance East Denver High School in 1879, and she was such a respected student that she was immediately offered a teaching position in botany at the school. During her ten years as a teacher, she also collected plants and Middle Ages taught herself botany using Gray's Manual and Coulter's Manual of Rocky Mountain Botany as guides. Eastwood invested her salary wisely in Denver real estate and by 1889 was able to Essay on Art and Architecture in the Ages and Renaissance, quit teaching and devote herself to illusion, botany.

Her fame in Denver as a teacher, naturalist, and botanist brought British naturalist Alfred Russell Wallace to her for guiding into the nearby mountains, especially Gray's Peak. In 1891 she met Gustav Nordenskjold in a Denver library and their chance meeting and friendship led her to telling Nordenskjold of the Wetherill's newly discovered southwest Colorado native ruins (to be known as Mesa Verde). Essay And Architecture In The Middle And Renaissance. Eastwood wrote a letter of introduction to the Wetherills for Nordenskjold and behavior thus began a major chapter in the archaeology of Mesa Verde. Eastwood had meet the Wetherills and worked with them on her southwest Colorado collecting expeditions starting in on Art and Architecture Middle Ages 1889 (and continuing at least until 1895). She collected plants as the Wetherills dug. As pots, sandals, and clothing were uncovered, Eastwood worked to identify the plants from synopsis which they were made and she was thus one of the first paleoethnobotanists.

In 1891, after reviewing Eastwood’s collection in Denver, Mary Katharine Brandegee, Curator of the Botany Department at the California Academy of Sciences, invited Eastwood to assist in the Academy’s Herbarium. Eastwood's botanical prowess so impressed Brandegee that in 1892 Eastwood was offered a position as joint Curator with Katherine Brandegee and when Brandegee retired in 1894, Eastwood was made Curator and Head of the Essay and Architecture in the Middle and Renaissance, Department of Botany, positions she retained for 55 years until her retirement in 1949. (See John Thomas Howell). Top photo of Alice Eastwood from the travel, Rancho Santa. Ana Botanic Gardens. Bottom photo from the Hunt Institute for. In the 1940s, the herbarium at the University of Colorado acquired over 1,400 specimens from Eastwood's early collections and these, according to William Weber, were the real beginning of the University of Colorado herbarium. In California, Eastwood collected widely on numerous trips, named over 100 California plants, published over 300 articles, mentored numerous budding botanists, risked her life to save some of the most precious specimens in Essay on Art and Architecture Middle the Herbarium during the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire and then rebuilt the A woman's life in the Middle Essay, Herbarium collection to over 300,000 species.

Throughout her life Alice Eastwood was a tireless, dedicated botanist who was widely admired and acclaimed. She received praise of the highest order from such eminent fellow botanists as Mary and Townshend Brandegee, Marcus Jones, and on Art and Architecture in the Ages and Renaissance Willis Jepson. For decades she was listed in the American Men of Science and was always denoted by a star, i.e., considered to be among the top 25% of professionals in their discipline. She was honored at the age of 92 by being named President of the Seventh International Botanical Conference in Sweden. (Some of the above information was taken from Who's In a Name, Larry Blakely's excellent web site about California botanists.)

Eaton, Daniel Cady , 1834-1895: Professor of Botany at Yale, fern specialist, and plant collector. Grandson of Amos Eaton, famous science educator. Collected with the King Expedition in Utah. Mentor to Sereno Watson. Left his large collection of plants to Yale. Erigeron eatonii , Penstemon eatonii Cirsium eatonii variety hesperium. Encel, Christopher , 1517-1583: German naturalist, who, according to Stephen Jay Gould (Drawing a Gloriously False Inference), introduced the novel practice of drawing [pictures of travel natural history] specimens. In 1557 wrote De re metallica a book on the origin of metals and fossils including a chapter on oak galls. Encelia resinifera. Engelmann, George , 1809-1884: Eminent St. Louis Ob-Gyn physician and botanist.

Engelmann was born in Germany, received his medical degree in 1831, and published his first botanical work in 1833. In Europe he was in the company of Agassiz and other eminent scientists, but in 1832 his adventurous spirit brought him to New York, then to the intellectual capital of Philadelphia, and on to St. Louis in 1833. St. Louis was, of Essay in the Middle Ages and Renaissance course, a starting point for many Western explorations and throughout the next 50 years, Engelmann was sought out by many botanists for his expertise, his support (botanical, financial, and moral), and his connections with Eastern botanists Asa Gray and John Torrey. He received and described plant collections from many botanists and explorers: Augustus Fendler, John Fremont, Charles Geyer, Josiah Gregg, Charles Parry, Friedrich Wislizenus. He, himself, made a number of collecting trips to the eastern United States, through the mid-west, into Colorado, the Southwest, and California. Engelmann is honored in the name of techniques many plants, especially in one of Essay on Art Middle Ages his favorite areas of expertise, the Cactaceae.

According to Dr. Oscar Soule, Engelmann described 108 Cacti which is over two-thirds of the forms recognized today. Pale And Dwarfish. All thirteen of the Cactus listed in Essay on Art Coulter and Porter's 1874 Flora of Colorado were named and described by Engelmann. Photo of freud the future of an illusion George Engelmann from. the Missouri Botanical. In St. Essay And Architecture Middle Ages And Renaissance. Louis, Engelmann was chosen by Henry Shaw, wealthy St. Louis merchant, as his principal advisor in the forming of the now world famous Missouri Botanical Garden. Shaw consulted with Engelmann, Asa Gray, and William Hooker as he created the Garden, which opened in beowulf 1859. In 1857 Engelmann bought a 62,000 species plant collection in Europe to begin the Essay on Art and Architecture in the Middle, Garden's Library.

He initiated the herbarium and in beowulf synopsis 1860 Engelmann hired Augustus Fendler for a year and a half as curator of the on Art and Architecture, Garden collections. Engelmann met Nicholas Riehl shortly after the two of them emigrated to forecasting in business, the United States and settled in St. Louis. Riehl was a good plant collector in France and continued collecting in St. Louis. He sold his collection, probably in the early 1850s, to Henry Shaw and that collection along with Engelmann's purchases in Europe, were the beginning of the Missouri Botanical Garden Herbarium, now containing 80,000 type specimens and over six million total specimens (second largest in the U.S. and sixth in the world). In 1890, after Engelmann's death, his plant collection of 100,000 specimens (including his collection from Colorado) and on Art in the Middle Ages and Renaissance his personal library were donated to the Garden by his son, Dr. George J. Engelmann.

Five thousand of techniques Engelmann's letters and Essay on Art in the Middle Ages and Renaissance 30 boxes of his botanical notes are also in the Garden's botanical library (considered one of the best in the world). The Missouri Botanical Garden is the oldest in the United States and it proved to be very popular with the public from the time travel, very beginning of its existence; in Essay on Art and Architecture in the its first two decades (when the St. Louis population was about 300,000), a million people visited the techniques, Garden. Now, with the St. Louis metropolitan area at about 3,000,000, well over a million people visit the Garden each year and nearly 50,000 people are annual members. In 1863 Engelmann was elected by Congress to be one of fifty founding members of the National Academy of Sciences. Engelmann was also a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

In 1856 Engelmann was one of twelve founders of The Academy of Science of St. Louis and he was a frequent contributor to its prized journal, Transactions of the Academy of Science of St. Louis (which is now available on-line). In this web site Engelmann's name appears very often as mentor, collector, and botanical expert. Charles Parry honored George Engelmann in the name of a most abundant and beautiful tree, the Engelmann Spruce, Picea engelmannii . Also see Eucephalus engelmannii . Click the and Architecture in the Ages and Renaissance, following links for time travel, more details about George Engelmann: Escobar Zerman, Numa Pompilio and Romulo Escobar Zerman , 1874-1949 and 1882-1946: Mexican agricultural engineers. In Ciudad Juarez in 1906, they founded the Private School of on Art Middle and Renaissance Agriculture, now part of the University of beowulf Chihauhau as the Brothers Escobar College of Agriculture. Escobaria missouriensis. Fallugi, V., Abbot , 1627-1707: Italian botanist and on Art in the and Renaissance Abbot in Vallombrosa, Italy. He was highly respected as a rhetorician, poet, philosopher, and theologian and was considered among the best botanists of his time. He was offered a Professorship of Botany at the University of Padua, but he declined the offer.

The Vallombrosan Monastery was founded in the 11th century by Saint Giovanni Gualberto, now Italy's patron saint of forests, and had many notable botanists. The Monastery endured several destructions, including that by Napoleon in 1808. It was rebuilt in 1815. The Monastery was closed by the Italian government in 1866 with only a few monks remaining at the main church. Forecasting In Business. The Abbey is in the hills about 20 miles from Florence and for Essay, several centuries has attracted famous visitors, such as, John Milton, Mary Shelley, William Wordsworth, Robert and freud the future Elizabeth Barrett Browning. And Architecture In The Middle. Fallugia paradoxa. Fassett, Norman 1900-1954: Professor of Botany at the University of Wisconsin.

Specialized in taxonomic botany and in pale and dwarfish preserving Wisconsin flora and habitat. Ages And Renaissance. For 17 years Curator of the University of Wisconsin herbarium which grew under his directorship from 96,000 to 380,000 specimens, including over 28,000 specimens he collected. One of the founders of the American Society of Plant Taxonomists. Author Spring Flora of Wisconsin , Manual of Aquatic Plants , and beowulf synopsis Grasses of Wisconsin . Fassett was a teaching colleague and good friend of Aldo Leopold and the two worked on many conservation issues together. Streptopus fassettii (now Streptopus amplexifolius ) Fee, Antoine , 1789-1874: Pharmacist, botanist, prolific author, professor, Director of the Botanical Garden of Strasbourg.

Just before his death, he was elected President of the Société Botanique de France. Essay On Art And Architecture In The. He was a cryptogamist (working on ferns, lichens, and fungi) and, among many other writings, published a 7 volume series Essai sur les Cryptogames de écorces exotiques officinales ( Essay on the Cryptogams that grow on Exotic Medicinal Barks ). Moral Definition. Cheilanthes feei . Fendler, Augustus , 1813-1883: Assiduous and highly respected (though short-time) botanical collector for on Art and Architecture Middle Ages and Renaissance, the renowned Asa Gray and George Engelmann. Fendler was chosen by Engelmann to fulfill Gray's desire to find and synopsis fund a collector to visit the Santa Fe area. In 1844 Fendler met with Engelmann in Essay and Architecture Middle and Renaissance St. Louis for forecasting techniques in business, advice about collecting techniques, practiced collecting in the St.

Louis area for a time, was loaned $100 by Engelmann to begin collecting plants in the Southwest, botanized along the Middle and Renaissance, route to beowulf synopsis, Santa Fe, and in 1846 began a year of collecting in Essay on Art Ages and Renaissance Santa Fe. He returned to techniques, St. Louis and received high praise from Gray for the quality of Essay and Architecture in the Ages his collection to, in, and from Santa Fe: he was, said Gray, a quick and A woman's Middle Essay keen observer and Essay in the Middle an admirable collector (as quoted in the future of an illusion Ewan). Gray wrote Engelmann after receiving Fendler's collection: CAMBRIDGE, December 20, 1847. I got a parcel from New York on Saturday evening, containing. a set of Fendler's from and Architecture Middle Ages and Renaissance Santa Fe, up to Rosaceae. The Future Of An. The specimens are perfectly charming! So well made, so full and perfect. In The Middle. Better never were made. In a week I shall take them right up to time fiction, study, and they are Rocky Mountain forms of vegetation entirely, so I can do it with ease and comfort. On Art Middle Ages And Renaissance. It is a cool region that, and synopsis dry.

If these come from the plains, what will the mountains yield ? Fendler must go back, or a new collector. All Fendler's collection will sell at once, no fear, such fine specimens and so many good plants. And Architecture In The Middle Ages And Renaissance. Pity that F. did not know enough to leave out some of the moral, common plants, except two or three specimens for Essay and Architecture Middle and Renaissance, us, and bestow the same labor on the new plants around him. And Dwarfish. Send on the rest soon. Yours cordially, A. GRAY (From Asa Gray's letters) TO GEORGE ENGELMANN. CAMBRIDGE, February 29, 1848. . . . Now for Fendler himself. He ought to go back, and without delay.

He has gained much experience, and will now work to greater advantage. He makes unrivaled specimens, and with your farther instructions will collect so as to make more equable sets. If he will stay and bide his time he can get on to the Essay on Art Ages, mountains, and must try the higher ones, especially those near Taos. Beowulf. Let him stay two years, and if he is energetic he will reap a fine harvest for botany, and accumulate a pretty little sum for himself, and have learned a profession, for such that of a collector now is. Drummond made money quite largely.

I had rather Fendler would go north and west than south of Santa Fe. New Spain and Rocky Mountain botany is far more interesting to us than Mexican. (From Asa Gray's letters) Fendler began a second expedition in 1849 but lost all of his gear, notebooks, specimens -- everything -- in a flood. When he returned to St. Middle Ages. Louis he found his possessions there had been destroyed in a major Mississippi River waterfront fire. Dejected and disgusted, he left the United States for a number of years and never returned to collecting in the Southwest.

He did continue collecting in various other locations and even worked for a short period for fiction, Gray at Harvard. Forestier, André Robert , 1736-1812: Physician of Essay and Architecture Middle Ages St. Life In The Ages. Quentin, France, first botany teacher to the well-known Jean Louis Poiret (French clergyman, botanist, explorer, and Professor of Natural History at the Ecoles Centrale of Aisne, France). The following information about Forestier and the naming of the genus Forestiera , is from Michael Charter's excellent web site, California Plant Names : The Jepson Manual and Essay on Art in the Ages other sources such as Umberto Quattrocchi have apparently mistakenly attributed the authorship of this generic name to an early 19th century French physician and naturalist named Charles Le Forestier. However, David Hollombe's researches have indicated otherwise. [Hollombe is a present-day biographical researcher.] A communication from him included the following: There was a botanist Charles Le Forestier (co-author with Lefebure of behavior Album floral des plantes indigènes de France , Paris, 1829) but he was not a doctor and not the person for whom Forestiera was named. Jean Louis Marie Poiret (1755-1834) who chose the generic appellation, never gave Forestier's given name in print nor did Dr.

Forestier's two published articles (neither of them on botany). In 1897 Father Antoine Düss, a Swiss priest and botanist writing a flora of the French West Indies [ Flore phanérogamique des Antilles françaises ] assumed that the genus was named for Charles and in 1913 Britton and Brown [in An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Essay Middle Ages Canada ] combined the fact that the genus was named for the future, a physician with the incorrect name. André Robert Forestier, the son of Aimé and Marie, and on Art and Architecture in the Middle a native of time travel fiction Paris, was a doctor of medicine and a physician of the town hospice of Saint-Quentin, Aisne, which was Poiret's home town, and he was Poiret's first botany teacher. Franckenius, Johannes , 1590-1661: Sweden's first Professor of Botany. Wrote about plants and their healing properties. Honored by Linnaeus in the name of a family and genus: Frankeniaceae and Frankenia. Wrote Speculum , the first Swedish plant list, and in the Preface Franckenius urges his readers to study plants in their natural habitat.

Frankenia jamesii. F raser, John , 1750-1811: Scottish nurseryman who botanized frequently in the Southern Appalachians from 1786-1807. He collected for the Kew Gardens and Linnean Society and also sold his plants privately, including to the Empress of Essay on Art Ages Russia, eventually becoming Botanical Collector for Russia for several years. Frasera speciosa , Frasera albomarginata , Frasera paniculata. Fremont, John Charles , 1813-1890: Teacher and surveyor; student of sciences including mathematics, astronomy, botany, geology, and pale cartography; military expedition leader; American icon; gold rush millionaire; governor, senator, twice candidate for on Art in the Middle Ages, President of the United States; strong-headed, court-martialed, impoverished, belligerent, American success and failure story. I have made Fremont's biography lengthy, not because he was a central botanical figure of the nineteenth century (although his collections were numerous and of an illusion many plants are named for him), but because his life shows so well the relationship of the explorer/scientist/politician to the public, the government, and the botanical world. In 1838 Fremont was commissioned as Second Lieutenant of Topographical Engineers, and was assigned as chief assistant to the French scientist Joseph N. Nicollet for a survey between the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers. Nicollet tutored Fremont in all aspects of Essay on Art Middle Ages and Renaissance expedition logistics and in the gathering of scientific information. Fremont then went on, between 1842 and time fiction 1854, to lead five Western expeditions, traveled over 20,000 miles, mapped large areas of the West, collected over a thousand plant specimens, and inspired a huge wave of pioneers with his reports about the lands his expeditions found.

He came to on Art and Architecture, be revered as The Pathfinder (although the title should more appropriately have been given to his guide on three expeditions, Kit Carson). In 1841, before the pale and dwarfish, five expeditions that he led, Fremont secretly married 17 year old Jessie Benton, the daughter of Thomas Hart Benton, the highly influential Missouri Senator. Benton was angered at Middle, the marriage, but he quickly reconciled with Fremont, became Fremont's powerful ally, and utilized Fremont's expeditions to expand America's boundaries. In 1842 Fremont conducted a mapping expedition of the Oregon Trail to the Rockies. (Prior to the trip Fremont had received a quick course in plant collecting and preserving from the eminent George Engelmann and the expedition collected plants and other scientific data.) Twenty thousand copies of Fremont's report (which was written by his wife) were published by Congress in 1841, and the the report then sold several hundred thousand copies when it appeared in beowulf synopsis major American newspapers and in foreign editions. Fremont's maps of the Great Salt Lake area influenced the Mormons to settle there, and his maps of routes across the Essay and Architecture Middle Ages and Renaissance, West were studied and followed by all westward moving pioneers. Fremont was thus catapulted into being the most famous American explorer of the time and his writings strongly added to Americans' belief in Westward Expansion and Manifest Destiny -- both of which had long been strongly supported in Congress by his father-in-law, Senator Benton. Through all of these events and through his whole life, Fremont was rash, brash, headstrong, political, knowledgeable, persuasive, brave, and A woman's life Ages fool-hardy and these characteristics produced strong supporters and powerful enemies. In the mid-1840's, during his third expedition, Fremont played a significant role in taking California from Mexico.

Californians then honored him by appointing him Governor of the new Territory in 1846, but he was a military officer at the time and on Art and Architecture Middle Ages he was ordered to step down from the governorship. Travel Fiction. He refused and was court-martialed, convicted, and ordered dismissed from the military. President Polk upheld the conviction but set aside the penalty. Even so, Fremont resigned in Essay on Art and Architecture in the anger from the Army in travel 1848. In 1850 Fremont, running as a Democrat, was elected as one of the first two Senators from California. He served the six month short term but failed in on Art in the Ages and Renaissance his bid for re-election. Fremont made a fortune in the Gold Rush but only definition, after protracted battles in courts and in Congress over Essay on Art and Architecture Ages, land claims, payments, partners, and promises. Fremont's popularity from his Western exploits and his anti-slavery position got him the beowulf synopsis, newly formed Republican Party's first presidential nomination in 1856. Because Fremont was an outspoken proponent of freeing slaves, Southern states threatened to secede if he were elected.

Fremont lost to James Buchanan. When Lincoln became President, he promoted Fremont to Major General. From Fremont's Missouri command post he ordered the on Art Middle Ages and Renaissance, confiscation of nearby Southerners' lands, freed their slaves, declared martial law, and then refused to obey Lincoln's order to rescind these unauthorized actions. Lincoln removed Fremont from command after six months of service, but Republican pressure on Lincoln forced him to reinstate Fremont -- which some came to regret as Fremont proceeded to lose a number of Civil War battles. A Woman's Essay. Fremont was demoted again and again angrily resigned. Fremont lost his gold rush fortune, ran for President as a Democrat in 1864, was convicted by Essay in the, the French in moral definition an 1873 swindle case involving the Transcontinental Railroad, and from 1878-1881 was Territorial Governor of on Art Middle Ages and Renaissance Arizona until removed from office by public protests about his shirking of duties.

Fremont's botanical collecting followed the same path as his life: a roller coaster of successes and failures. Prior to his first expedition in 1842 Fremont was unknown in moral the botanical world: On November 18th, 1842 John Torrey wrote to Asa Gray that a Lt. Fremont who writes like a foreigner is sending Torrey some plants collected towards the Rocky Mountains. When Torrey received the plants he sent the Compositae (Sunflowers) to Gray and on December 5th, Gray wrote back in great excitement: Tetradymias [Horsebrush] this side of the Rocky Mts. Some new Senecios . How I would like to botanize up there! Is the Lieutenant's name Fremont ? I wish we had a collector to and Architecture Ages and Renaissance, go with Fremont. Pale. It is a great chance. If none are to be had, Lieut. Essay On Art Middle And Renaissance. F. must be indoctrinated , taught to forecasting techniques, collect both dried spec. seeds.

Tell him he shall be immortalized by having the 999th Senecio called S. fremontii . (Quotations from The Expeditions of John Charles Fremont , edited by Jackson and Spence.) Fremont continued to correspond frequently with Torrey for the next eight years and Torrey received and, with Gray, described Fremont's collections. Fremont thus had the best guidance and assistance, but he was headstrong and often did not listen to the expert botanical advice given him. George Engelmann , to whom Fremont was sent by Torrey for some botanical instruction, wrote Gray on December 6, 1844: Fremont appears to me rather selfish - I speak confidentially - and disinclined to let any body share in his discoveries, anxious to reap all the honour, as well as undertake all the labour himself. He objected to take any botanist or geologist along with him. even though he himself can not claim any knowledge of [botany]. It was common practice to take a botanist on Essay on Art in the, expeditions, and Fremont knew this: Charles Geyer had accompanied Nicollet on expeditions that Fremont had also been on. So although Fremont's expeditions produced many significant botanical results (Torrey said of the 1842 collection, [It is] a very interesting contribution to North American botany), much more botanically could have come from his expeditions if he had taken a trained botanist. No one knows why Fremont did not take one with him (his ego is most probable), but he did finally relent on the fourth expedition, when he hired the botanist, Creutzfeldt.

Fremont not only techniques, refused advice about botany, but he also refused advice about the general conduct of his expeditions, often pushing on too far, too fast, and too carelessly. In his second expedition of 1843-1844, for instance, Fremont's collection from his westward leg of the journey through the Rockies and Great Basin was lost when the mule carrying the botanical specimens went over and Architecture, a precipice on the final westward descent out of the Sierras following an unbelievably heroic, fool-hardy, and life-threatening crossing of the Sierras in the winter. On the return trip East his collection was lost in a flood on a small tributary of the Kansas River. But Fremont did bring back enough specimens to exhilarate Torrey and forecasting techniques Gray. In The Middle Ages. Specimens included the first records of Eriogonum inflatum , Coleogyne ramosissima , Populus fremontii , and many more. On the fourth expedition the losses were far more consequential. Beowulf. Fremont and his men fought for their lives in a winter crossing of the San Juan Mountains of southern Colorado. Ten men died.

Compared to this loss, it was hardly noticed that much of the botanical collections of that trip also perished in the snows of on Art and Architecture Ages Colorado. Despite the numerous mistakes and forecasting techniques losses, Fremont did amass a considerable botanical collection. According to Essay on Art and Architecture in the Middle Ages, Stanley Welsh, expert on Utah flora and Fremont as botanist (see Welsh's John Charles Fremont, Botanical Explorer ), Fremont's 1842 expedition yielded twenty-two new species of plants, his 1843-1844 expedition yielded seventy-nine, his 1845-1846 expedition yielded fifty-two, his 1848-1849 yielded ten, and his final 1853-1854 yielded one, with three more of unknown date for a total of 167 new species discovered by Fremont. Welsh further indicates that, Collections of the first expedition were identified as representing 371 [species]; the second some 379 [species], the third 458, the fourth 60, and the fifth 8. Welsh notes that there were at least an additional 52 species for a total of well over 1,000 different species collected on all the expeditions. In the late 1840's and early 50's Torrey and Gray described many of the plants Fremont collected, and they honored Fremont in the names of pale quite a few of these, including a number shown on this web site: Senecio fremontii , Mahonia fremontii , Populus fremontii (now Populus deltoides subspecies fremontii ) . Middle. In addition, this web site contains photographs of a number of species that Fremont was the first to collect for science: Senecio spartioides, Rydbergia grandiflora, Coleogyne ramosissima, Senecio multilobatus, Atriplex confertifolia, Lycium pallidum, Eriogonum inflatum, Astragalus preussii, and Castilleja linariifolia . In 1853 John Torrey detailed Fremont's collections in Plantae Fremontianae, part of the Smithsonian Contributions to synopsis, Knowledge . (Some of the above information came from numerous on-line sources; most came from Mary Lee Spence, The Expeditions of John Charles Fremont , 5 volumes. The primary text for the botanical accomplishments of Fremont, John Charles Fremont, Botanical Explorer , is by Stanley Welsh, author of A Utah Flora ). Last names beginning with A-F on this page.

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